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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036650/characteristic-arrangement-of-nucleosomes-is-predictive-of-chromatin-interactions-at-kilobase-resolution
#1
Hui Zhang, Feifei Li, Yan Jia, Bingxiang Xu, Yiqun Zhang, Xiaoli Li, Zhihua Zhang
High-throughput chromosome conformation capture (3C) technologies, such as Hi-C, have made it possible to survey 3D genome structure. However, obtaining 3D profiles at kilobase resolution at low cost remains a major challenge. Therefore, we herein present an algorithm for precise identification of chromatin interaction sites at kilobase resolution from MNase-seq data, termed chromatin interaction site detector (CISD), and a CISD-based chromatin loop predictor (CISD_loop) that predicts chromatin-chromatin interactions (CCIs) from low-resolution Hi-C data...
October 3, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025761/genome-wide-association-study-to-find-modifiers-for-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-the-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-identifies-variants-in-the-gpr98-locus-on-5q14-3
#2
Tingwei Guo, Gabriela M Repetto, Donna M McDonald McGinn, Jonathan H Chung, Hiroko Nomaru, Christopher L Campbell, Anna Blonska, Anne S Bassett, Eva W C Chow, Elisabeth E Mlynarski, Ann Swillen, Joris Vermeesch, Koen Devriendt, Doron Gothelf, Miri Carmel, Elena Michaelovsky, Maude Schneider, Stephan Eliez, Stylianos E Antonarakis, Karlene Coleman, Aoy Tomita-Mitchell, Michael E Mitchell, M Cristina Digilio, Bruno Dallapiccola, Bruno Marino, Nicole Philip, Tiffany Busa, Leila Kushan-Wells, Carrie E Bearden, Małgorzata Piotrowicz, Wanda Hawuła, Amy E Roberts, Flora Tassone, Tony J Simon, Esther D A van Duin, Thérèse A van Amelsvoort, Wendy R Kates, Elaine Zackai, H Richard Johnston, David J Cutler, A J Agopian, Elizabeth Goldmuntz, Laura E Mitchell, Tao Wang, Beverly S Emanuel, Bernice E Morrow
BACKGROUND: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS; DiGeorge syndrome/velocardiofacial syndrome) occurs in 1 of 4000 live births, and 60% to 70% of affected individuals have congenital heart disease, ranging from mild to severe. In our cohort of 1472 subjects with 22q11.2DS, a total of 62% (n=906) have congenital heart disease and 36% (n=326) of these have tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), comprising the largest subset of severe congenital heart disease in the cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: To identify common genetic variants associated with TOF in individuals with 22q11...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991264/architectural-alterations-of-the-fission-yeast-genome-during-the-cell-cycle
#3
Hideki Tanizawa, Kyoung-Dong Kim, Osamu Iwasaki, Ken-Ichi Noma
Eukaryotic genomes are highly ordered through various mechanisms, including topologically associating domain (TAD) organization. We employed an in situ Hi-C approach to follow the 3D organization of the fission yeast genome during the cell cycle. We demonstrate that during mitosis, large domains of 300 kb-1 Mb are formed by condensin. This mitotic domain organization does not suddenly dissolve, but gradually diminishes until the next mitosis. By contrast, small domains of 30-40 kb that are formed by cohesin are relatively stable across the cell cycle...
October 9, 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986784/capturing-three-dimensional-genome-organization-in-individual-cells-by-single-cell-hi-c
#4
Takashi Nagano, Steven W Wingett, Peter Fraser
Hi-C is a powerful method to investigate genome-wide, higher-order chromatin and chromosome conformations averaged from a population of cells. To expand the potential of Hi-C for single-cell analysis, we developed single-cell Hi-C. Similar to the existing "ensemble" Hi-C method, single-cell Hi-C detects proximity-dependent ligation events between cross-linked and restriction-digested chromatin fragments in cells. A major difference between the single-cell Hi-C and ensemble Hi-C protocol is that the proximity-dependent ligation is carried out in the nucleus...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977529/hitad-detecting-the-structural-and-functional-hierarchies-of-topologically-associating-domains-from-chromatin-interactions
#5
Xiao-Tao Wang, Wang Cui, Cheng Peng
A current question in the high-order organization of chromatin is whether topologically associating domains (TADs) are distinct from other hierarchical chromatin domains. However, due to the unclear TAD definition in tradition, the structural and functional uniqueness of TAD is not well studied. In this work, we refined TAD definition by further constraining TADs to the optimal separation on global intra-chromosomal interactions. Inspired by this constraint, we developed a novel method, called HiTAD, to detect hierarchical TADs from Hi-C chromatin interactions...
August 24, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977418/developmentally-regulated-higher-order-chromatin-interactions-orchestrate-b-cell-fate-commitment
#6
Ravi Boya, Anurupa Devi Yadavalli, Sameena Nikhat, Sreenivasulu Kurukuti, Dasaradhi Palakodeti, Jagan M R Pongubala
Genome organization in 3D nuclear-space is important for regulation of gene expression. However, the alterations of chromatin architecture that impinge on the B cell-fate choice of multi-potent progenitors are still unclear. By integrating in situ Hi-C analyses with epigenetic landscapes and genome-wide expression profiles, we tracked the changes in genome architecture as the cells transit from a progenitor to a committed state. We identified the genomic loci that undergo developmental switch between A and B compartments during B-cell fate determination...
August 17, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973466/genome-contact-map-explorer-a-platform-for-the-comparison-interactive-visualization-and-analysis-of-genome-contact-maps
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rajendra Kumar, Haitham Sobhy, Per Stenberg, Ludvig Lizana
Hi-C experiments generate data in form of large genome contact maps (Hi-C maps). These show that chromosomes are arranged in a hierarchy of three-dimensional compartments. But to understand how these compartments form and by how much they affect genetic processes such as gene regulation, biologists and bioinformaticians need efficient tools to visualize and analyze Hi-C data. However, this is technically challenging because these maps are big. In this paper, we remedied this problem, partly by implementing an efficient file format and developed the genome contact map explorer platform...
September 29, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964259/three-dimensional-genome-architecture-and-emerging-technologies-looping-in-disease
#8
REVIEW
Arpit Mishra, R David Hawkins
Genome compaction is a universal feature of cells and has emerged as a global regulator of gene expression. Compaction is maintained by a multitude of architectural proteins, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and regulatory DNA. Each component comprises interlinked regulatory circuits that organize the genome in three-dimensional (3D) space to manage gene expression. In this review, we update the current state of 3D genome catalogues and focus on how recent technological advances in 3D genomics are leading to an enhanced understanding of disease mechanisms...
September 30, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961756/4d-nucleome-analysis-toolbox-analysis-of-hi-c-data-with-abnormal-karyotype-and-time-series-capabilities
#9
Laura Seaman, Indika Rajapakse
Motivation: The availability of powerful analysis tools will further understanding of genome organization and it's relationship to phenotype in dynamical settings. Results: The 4D Nucleome Analysis Toolbox (NAT) is a user-friendly and powerful MATLAB toolbox for time series analysis of genome-wide chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) data and gene expression (RNA-seq). NAT can load and normalize data, define topologically associating domains, analyze translocations, produce visualization, and study time course data...
July 28, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951628/capturing-condensin-in-chromosomes
#10
Tatsuya Hirano
A new study uses a Hi-C technique to demonstrate that condensin has a major role in remodeling interphase chromatin into mitotic chromosomes. This study provides insight into the mechanism whereby a centimeters-long DNA molecule is folded into a micrometers-long rod-shaped chromosome.
September 27, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936982/optimization-and-quality-control-of-genome-wide-hi-c-library-preparation
#11
Xiang-Yuan Zhang, Chao He, Bing-Yu Ye, De-Jian Xie, Ming-Lei Shi, Yan Zhang, Wen-Long Shen, Ping Li, Zhi-Hu Zhao
Highest-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) is one of the key assays for genome- wide chromatin interaction studies. It is a time-consuming process that involves many steps and many different kinds of reagents, consumables, and equipments. At present, the reproducibility is unsatisfactory. By optimizing the key steps of the Hi-C experiment, such as crosslinking, pretreatment of digestion, inactivation of restriction enzyme, and in situ ligation etc., we established a robust Hi-C procedure and prepared two biological replicates of Hi-C libraries from the GM12878 cells...
September 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931413/topological-organization-and-dynamic-regulation-of-human-trna-genes-during-macrophage-differentiation
#12
Kevin Van Bortle, Douglas H Phanstiel, Michael P Snyder
BACKGROUND: The human genome is hierarchically organized into local and long-range structures that help shape cell-type-specific transcription patterns. Transfer RNA (tRNA) genes (tDNAs), which are transcribed by RNA polymerase III (RNAPIII) and encode RNA molecules responsible for translation, are dispersed throughout the genome and, in many cases, linearly organized into genomic clusters with other tDNAs. Whether the location and three-dimensional organization of tDNAs contribute to the activity of these genes has remained difficult to address, due in part to unique challenges related to tRNA sequencing...
September 20, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912419/identifying-topologically-associating-domains-and-subdomains-by-gaussian-mixture-model-and-proportion-test
#13
Wenbao Yu, Bing He, Kai Tan
The spatial organization of the genome plays a critical role in regulating gene expression. Recent chromatin interaction mapping studies have revealed that topologically associating domains and subdomains are fundamental building blocks of the three-dimensional genome. Identifying such hierarchical structures is a critical step toward understanding the three-dimensional structure-function relationship of the genome. Existing computational algorithms lack statistical assessment of domain predictions and are computationally inefficient for high-resolution Hi-C data...
September 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903899/the-application-of-next-generation-sequencing-techniques-in-studying-transcriptional-regulation-in-embryonic-stem-cells
#14
Ya-Jun Liu, Feng Zhang, Hong-de Liu, Xiao Sun
The mechanism of transcriptional regulation has been the focus of many studies in the post-genomic era. The development of sequencing-based technologies for chromatin profiling enables current researchers to experimentally measure chromatin properties. Moreover, many studies aim at annotating the state of the chromatin into broad categories based on observed chromatin features and/or DNA sequences, then associating the resultant distal regulatory regions with the correct target genes based on DNA sequences, and predicting the dependence of epigenetic features on genetic variation...
August 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902867/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-coexpression-domains-and-chromatin-3d-organization
#15
María E Soler-Oliva, José A Guerrero-Martínez, Valentina Bachetti, José C Reyes
Gene order is not random in eukaryotic chromosomes, and co-regulated genes tend to be clustered. The mechanisms that determine co-regulation of large regions of the genome and its connection with chromatin three-dimensional (3D) organization are still unclear however. Here we have adapted a recently described method for identifying chromatin topologically associating domains (TADs) to identify coexpression domains (which we term "CODs"). Using human normal breast and breast cancer RNA-seq data, we have identified approximately 500 CODs...
September 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892574/identification-of-a-novel-interspecific-hybrid-yeast-from-a-metagenomic-spontaneously-inoculated-beer-sample-using-hi-c
#16
Caiti Smukowski Heil, Joshua N Burton, Ivan Liachko, Anne Friedrich, Noah A Hanson, Cody L Morris, Joseph Schacherer, Jay Shendure, James H Thomas, Maitreya J Dunham
Interspecific hybridization is a common mechanism enabling genetic diversification and adaptation; however, the detection of hybrid species has been quite difficult. The identification of microbial hybrids is made even more complicated, as most environmental microbes are resistant to culturing and must be studied in their native mixed communities. We have previously adapted the chromosome conformation capture method Hi-C to the assembly of genomes from mixed populations. Here, we show the method's application in assembling genomes directly from an uncultured, mixed population from a spontaneously inoculated beer sample...
September 11, 2017: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890333/static-and-dynamic-dna-loops-form-ap-1-bound-activation-hubs-during-macrophage-development
#17
Douglas H Phanstiel, Kevin Van Bortle, Damek Spacek, Gaelen T Hess, Muhammad Saad Shamim, Ido Machol, Michael I Love, Erez Lieberman Aiden, Michael C Bassik, Michael P Snyder
The three-dimensional arrangement of the human genome comprises a complex network of structural and regulatory chromatin loops important for coordinating changes in transcription during human development. To better understand the mechanisms underlying context-specific 3D chromatin structure and transcription during cellular differentiation, we generated comprehensive in situ Hi-C maps of DNA loops in human monocytes and differentiated macrophages. We demonstrate that dynamic looping events are regulatory rather than structural in nature and uncover widespread coordination of dynamic enhancer activity at preformed and acquired DNA loops...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885554/advances-in-genomic-profiling-and-analysis-of-3d-chromatin-structure-and-interaction
#18
REVIEW
Binhua Tang, Xiaolong Cheng, Yunlong Xi, Zixin Chen, Yufan Zhou, Victor X Jin
Recent sequence-based profiling technologies such as high-throughput sequencing to detect fragment nucleotide sequence (Hi-C) and chromatin interaction analysis by paired-end tag sequencing (ChIA-PET) have revolutionized the field of three-dimensional (3D) chromatin architecture. It is now recognized that human genome functions as folded 3D chromatin units and looping paradigm is the basic principle of gene regulation. To better interpret the 3D data dramatically accumulating in past five years and to gain deep biological insights, huge efforts have been made in developing novel quantitative analysis methods...
September 8, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882003/minimds-3d-structural-inference-from-high-resolution-hi-c-data
#19
Lila Rieber, Shaun Mahony
Motivation: Recent experiments have provided Hi-C data at resolution as high as 1 kbp. However, 3D structural inference from high-resolution Hi-C datasets is often computationally unfeasible using existing methods. Results: We have developed miniMDS, an approximation of multidimensional scaling (MDS) that partitions a Hi-C dataset, performs high-resolution MDS separately on each partition, and then reassembles the partitions using low-resolution MDS. miniMDS is faster, more accurate, and uses less memory than existing methods for inferring the human genome at high resolution (10 kbp)...
July 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870212/chromosome-contacts-in-activated-t-cells-identify-autoimmune-disease-candidate-genes
#20
Oliver S Burren, Arcadio Rubio García, Biola-Maria Javierre, Daniel B Rainbow, Jonathan Cairns, Nicholas J Cooper, John J Lambourne, Ellen Schofield, Xaquin Castro Dopico, Ricardo C Ferreira, Richard Coulson, Frances Burden, Sophia P Rowlston, Kate Downes, Steven W Wingett, Mattia Frontini, Willem H Ouwehand, Peter Fraser, Mikhail Spivakov, John A Todd, Linda S Wicker, Antony J Cutler, Chris Wallace
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune disease-associated variants are preferentially found in regulatory regions in immune cells, particularly CD4(+) T cells. Linking such regulatory regions to gene promoters in disease-relevant cell contexts facilitates identification of candidate disease genes. RESULTS: Within 4 h, activation of CD4(+) T cells invokes changes in histone modifications and enhancer RNA transcription that correspond to altered expression of the interacting genes identified by promoter capture Hi-C...
September 4, 2017: Genome Biology
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