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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092466/clinical-performance-of-the-solana%C3%A2-point-of-care-trichomonas-assay-from-clinician-collected-vaginal-swabs-and-urine-specimens-from-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-women
#1
C A Gaydos, J Schwebke, J Dombrowski, J Marrazzo, J Coleman, B Silver, M Barnes, L Crane, P Fine
BACKGROUND: Solana® (Quidel) is a new rapid (<40 min.) point-of-care (POC) test for qualitative detection of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) DNA. The assay has two steps: 1) specimen preparation, and 2) amplification and detection using isothermal Helicase-Dependent Amplification (HDA). The objective was to demonstrate the performance of Solana for vaginal swabs and female urines based on comparison to wet mount and TV culture. Performance was also compared to the Aptima-TV assay. METHODS: Urine and four clinician-collected vaginal swabs were collected...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092419/improving-access-to-health-care-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-among-migrant-chinese-populations-a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-barriers-and-enablers
#2
Alicia Vedio, Eva Zhi Hong Liu, Andrew Ck Lee, Sarah Salway
Migrant Chinese populations in Western countries have a high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B but often experience poor access to healthcare and late diagnosis. This systematic review aimed to identify obstacles and supports to timely and appropriate health service use among these populations. Systematic searches resulted in 48 relevant studies published between 1996 and 2015. Data extraction and synthesis were informed by models of healthcare access that highlight the interplay of patient, provider and health system factors...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092252/-accessibility-to-health-services-theoretical-debate-on-determinants-and-implications-in-the-public-health-policy
#3
Diana Alejandra Sánchez-Torres
This paper presents the theorical development of accesibility as process and product. The process consists of the elements that converge to meet the objectives of providing medical care in a timely manner. As product is a component of effective care. Accesibility itself is subject to a combination of economic, cultural, social, geographic and contextual aspects. Beyond the right of persons to receive health care, availability of institutions and the means to achieve.
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091738/-historical-pain-concepts-cultural-influences-on-pain-perception-and-interpretation
#4
D Schäfer
In the age of globalization and cultural diversification differing concepts of pain in patient care are of increasing importance. Historical models of the origin and interpretation of pain, which in this article are presented in a cursory and exemplary way, help to understand the panoply of modern concepts outside of medicine. Basically, pain was viewed not only in religion and philosophy but also by premodern physicians as a psychophysical phenomenon crucially depending on the determination by a "soul" therefore creating therapeutic options even before the discovery of an effective analgesia...
January 13, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#5
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089672/isopropyl-alcohol-is-as-efficient-as-chlorhexidine-to-prevent-contamination-of-blood-cultures
#6
Jovanna Martínez, Juan H Macías, Virginia Arreguín, Jose A Álvarez, Alejandro E Macías, Juan L Mosqueda-Gómez
BACKGROUND: False-positive blood cultures can lead to unnecessary risks and misuse of antibiotics; to reduce rates of false-positives, it would be useful to determine whether use of an antiseptic with a prolonged effect is required. METHODS: Clinical study of efficacy (blinded and randomized) to compare the rate of blood culture contamination when skin antisepsis was performed with 70% isopropyl alcohol or 2% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% isopropyl alcohol in 2 hospitals...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089530/algae-mediated-removal-of-selected-pharmaceutical-and-personal-care-products-ppcps-from-lake-mead-water
#7
Xuelian Bai, Kumud Acharya
The persistence and fate of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) in the Lake Mead ecosystem are particularly important considering the potential ecological risks and human health impacts. This study evaluated the removal of five common PPCPs (i.e., trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine, ciprofloxacin, and triclosan) from Lake Mead water mediated by the green alga Nannochloris sp. The results from the incubation studies showed that trimethoprim and carbamazepine were highly resistant to uptake in the algal cultural medium and were measured at approximately 90%-100% of the applied dose after 14days of incubation...
January 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089405/use-of-essential-oils-following-traumatic-burn-injury-a-case-study
#8
Kathleen Jopke, Heather Sanders, Rosemary White-Traut
Hospital admissions related to burn injury reach 40,000 annually. Patients who experience extensive burns require longer hospital stays and are at increased risk for infection and hospital acquired conditions. This comparative case study is a two patient matched case control design that follows the hospital course of two children who experienced burn injuries. For one of these patients, with the consent of the child's parents, the grandmother treated her granddaughter with essential oils. Essential oils have the potential to inhibit microbial growth, support treatment of wounds, and facilitate healing...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089317/attitudes-perceptions-and-experiences-of-mealtimes-among-residents-and-staff-in-care-homes-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#9
Ross Watkins, Victoria A Goodwin, Rebecca A Abbott, Amy Backhouse, Darren Moore, Mark Tarrant
Addressing problems associated with malnutrition in care home residents has been prioritized by researchers and decision-makers. This review aimed to better understand factors that may contribute to malnutrition by examining the attitudes, perceptions and experiences of mealtimes among care home residents and staff. Five databases were searched from inception to November 2015: Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, AMED, and the Cochrane Database. Forward and backward citation checking of included articles was conducted...
January 12, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089143/long-term-mortality-following-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bloodstream-infection
#10
K L McCarthy, D L Paterson
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infections (BSI) are associated with substantial short-term mortality. There is little data on long-term mortality associated with this BSI. AIM: To describe mortality rates up to one year post infection and the significant factors associated with death. METHODS: Positive blood cultures for P. aeruginosa were identified retrospectively from January 2008 to January 2011 at seven tertiary care hospitals...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#11
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087847/addressing-disparities-in-low-back-pain-care-by-developing-culturally-appropriate-information-for-aboriginal-australians-my-back-on-track-my-future
#12
Ivan B Lin, Kim Ryder, Juli Coffin, Charmaine Green, Eric Dalgety, Brian Scott, Leon M Straker, Anne J Smith, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES : Addressing disparities in low back pain care (LBP) is an important yet largely unaddressed issue. One avenue to addressing disparities, recommended by clinical guidelines, is to ensure that LBP information is culturally appropriate. Our objectives were, first, to develop LBP information that was culturally appropriate for Aboriginal Australians living in a rural area and, second, to compare this to traditional information. METHODS : The overall information development process was guided by a "cultural security" framework and included partnerships between Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal investigators, a synthesis of research evidence, and participation of a project steering group consisting of local Aboriginal people...
January 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087163/clinical-studies-of-ex-vivo-expansion-to-accelerate-engraftment-after-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jeffrey Kiernan, Pauline Damien, Madeline Monaghan, Risa Shorr, Lauralyn McIntyre, Dean Fergusson, Alan Tinmouth, David Allan
Cell dose limits greater use of umbilical cord blood (UCB) in hematopoietic cell transplantation. The clinical benefits of ex vivo expansion need clarity to understand its potential impact. A systematic search of studies addressing UCB ex vivo expansion was conducted. Fifteen clinical studies (349 transplanted patients) and 13 registered trials were identified. The co-infusion of an expanded unit and a second unmanipulated unit (8 studies), the fractional expansion of 12% to 60% of a single unit (5 studies), and the infusion of a single expanded unit (2 studies) were reported...
December 23, 2016: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086926/maternal-health-care-service-seeking-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-rural-haramaya-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-triangulated-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Dereje Kifle, Telake Azale, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Regular utilization of maternal health care services reduces maternal morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the maternal health care seeking behavior and associated factors of reproductive age women in rural villages of Haramaya district, East Ethiopia. METHODS: Community based cross sectional study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted in Haramaya district from November 15 to Decemeber 30, 2015. A total of 561 women in reproductive age group and who gave birth in the last 2 years were randomly included...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#15
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086919/the-safety-attitudes-questionnaire-ambulatory-version-psychometric-properties-of-the-slovenian-version-for-the-out-of-hours-primary-care-setting
#16
Zalika Klemenc-Ketis, Matjaz Maletic, Vesna Stropnik, Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
BACKGROUND: Several tools have been developed to measure safety attitudes of health care providers, out of which the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is regarded as one of the most appropriate ones. In 2007, it was adapted to outpatient (primary health care) settings and in 2014 it was tested in out-of-hours health care settings in Norway. The purpose of this study was to translate the English version of the SAQ-Ambulatory Version (SAQ-AV) to Slovenian language; to test its reliability; and to explore its factor structure...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086861/managing-shades-of-grey-a-focus-group-study-exploring-community-dwellers-views-on-advance-care-planning-in-older-people
#17
Natasha Michael, Clare O'Callaghan, Emma Sayers
BACKGROUND: Community-dwelling consumers of healthcare are increasing, many aging with life-limiting conditions and deteriorating cognition. However, few have had advance care planning discussions or completed documentation to ensure future care preferences are acted upon. This study examines the awareness, attitudes, and experiences of advance care planning amongst older people and unrelated offspring/caregivers of older people residing in the community. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive research, which included focus groups with older people (55+ years) and older people's offspring/caregivers living in an Australian city and surrounding rural region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081569/gender-incongruence-of-childhood-clinical-utility-and-stakeholder-agreement-with-the-world-health-organization-s-proposed-icd-11-criteria
#18
Titia F Beek, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Walter P Bouman, Annelou L C de Vries, Thomas D Steensma, Gemma L Witcomb, Jon Arcelus, Christina Richards, Griet De Cuypere, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
The World Health Organization (WHO) is revising the tenth version of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). This includes a reconceptualization of the definition and positioning of Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC). This study aimed to: 1) collect the views of transgender individuals and professionals regarding the retention of the diagnosis; 2) see if the proposed GIC criteria were acceptable to transgender individuals and health care providers; 3) compare results between two countries with two different healthcare systems to see if these differences influence opinions regarding the GIC diagnosis; and 4) determine whether healthcare providers from high-income countries feel that the proposed criteria are clinically useful and easy to use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081385/catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-adults-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#19
Siri Tribler, Christopher F Brandt, Mark Hvistendahl, Michael Staun, Per Brøbech, Claus E Moser, Palle B Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: A common complication in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). The CRBSI incidence has been advocated as an outcome parameter assessing the quality of care. This study aimed to illustrate how the use of different CRBSI definitions affects the reported incidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational study based on the Copenhagen intestinal failure database, all clinically reported CRBSIs from 2002-2013 were compared with data from the affiliated microbiological database according to recommended CRBSI criteria...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081032/a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-influencing-ethnic-minority-women-s-cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-from-intrapersonal-to-policy-level
#20
Dorothy N S Chan, Winnie K W So
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer can be prevented by effective screening using Papanicolaou tests, but the utilization rate is lower among ethnic minorities than in the general population. Understanding the factors influencing minorities' use of such screening can aid the design of an appropriate intervention to increase their uptake rate. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the factors that influence ethnic minority women in using cervical cancer screening and the similarities and differences in associated factors across different groups and to explore the interrelationships between the factors identified...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Nursing
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