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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899295/prevalence-and-correlates-of-binge-eating-disorder-related-features-in-the-community
#1
Linda Mustelin, Cynthia M Bulik, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with high levels of obesity and psychological suffering, but little is known about 1) the distribution of features of BED in the general population and 2) their consequences for weight development and psychological distress in young adulthood. We investigated the prevalence of features of BED and their association with body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress among men (n = 2423) and women (n = 2825) from the longitudinal community-based FinnTwin16 cohort (born 1975-1979)...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871636/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement-ncs-a
#2
Benjamin I Goldstein, Carlos Blanco, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Merikangas
OBJECTIVE: Despite substantial evidence on the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) in adults with bipolar disorder (BD), little is known about this topic in adolescents with BD. METHOD: The method consisted of the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement, a face-to-face survey of mental disorders from 2001 through 2004, using a modified version of the fully structured World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862148/application-of-structural-equation-mixture-modeling-to-characterize-the-latent-structure-of-eating-pathology
#3
Kelsie T Forbush, Jennifer E Wildes
OBJECTIVE: Several theoretical models describe the structure of eating disorders (EDs), and a burgeoning empirical literature has sought to identify whether eating pathology is conceptualized best as categorical (presence or absence of disorder), dimensional (continuous), or a hybrid of categories and dimensions. METHODS: This study used structural equation mixture modeling (SEMM) to identify the latent structure of EDs. Items from the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI) were administered to individuals with EDs (N = 344)...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859458/children-of-parents-with-bed-have-more-eating-behavior-disturbance-than-children-of-parents-with-obesity-or-healthy-weight
#4
Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: A limited literature suggests an association between parental eating disorders and child eating-disorder behaviors although this research has focused primarily on restrictive-type eating disorders and very little is known about families with binge-eating disorder (BED). METHODS: The current study focused on parents (N = 331; 103 fathers and 226 mothers), comparing parents with core features of BED (n = 63) to parents with obesity and no eating disorder (OB; n = 85) and parents with healthy-weight and no eating disorder (HW; n = 183)...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852971/-yale-food-addiction-scale-review-of-literature
#5
Éva Erzsébet Magyar, Györgyi Csábi, Tamás Tényi, Dalma Tényi
INTRODUCTION: Food addiction is a condition presenting with a similar symptomatology to that of drug addiction, with an underlying individual sensitivity and special adaptation to certain foods, being consumed regularly. The concept of food addiction created one of the central issues in addiction research, owing to the pandemic spreading of obesity causing serious public health concerns. Development of an objective, standardized measuring tool of food addiction has become markedly necessary for both research and public health purposes...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852886/incorporating-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-in-a-new-programme-for-binge-eating-befree-exploring-processes-of-change
#6
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
This study explores the efficacy of BEfree, a 12-session group intervention that integrates psychoeducation, mindfulness, compassion and value-based action, in a sample of overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder (N = 31). We used repeated measures analyses of variance and explored processes of change in binge eating and eating psychopathology. At post-intervention, participants decreased in binge eating severity, eating psychopathology, external shame, self-criticism, psychological inflexibility, body image cognitive fusion and increased self-compassion and engagement with valued actions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846411/binge-eating-disorder-and-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-in-obesity-psychopathological-and-eating-behaviors-differences-according-to-comorbidities
#7
Cristina Segura-Garcia, Mariarita Caroleo, Marianna Rania, Elvira Barbuto, Flora Sinopoli, Matteo Aloi, Franco Arturi, Pasquale De Fazio
BACKGROUND: Obesity is not a mental disorder, yet DSM-5 recognizes a strong association between obesity and psychiatric syndromes. Disorders within the Bipolar Spectrum (BSD) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) are the most frequent psychiatric disorders among obese patients. The aim of this research is to investigate the psychopathological differences and the distinctive eating behaviors that accompany these comorbidities in obese patients. METHODS: One hundred and nineteen obese patients (40 males; 79 females) underwent psychological evaluation and psychiatric interview, and a dietitian evaluated their eating habits...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836635/attentional-bias-to-unhealthy-food-in-individuals-with-severe-obesity-and-binge-eating
#8
Michelle Deluchi, Fabiana Silva Costa, Rogério Friedman, Raul Gonçalves, Lisiane Bizarro
Attentional bias is an implicit cognition relevant to development and maintenance of obesity, but little is known of how binge eating modulates attentional bias in severe obesity. This study investigated attentional bias towards unhealthy foods at different stages of attentional processing in a clinical sample, comparing obese patients (Body Mass Index, BMI>35 kg/m(2)) with and without binge eating behaviors. Participants were separated into two groups according to their score on the Binge Eating Scale (BES): no binge eating (NB; score ≤17; n = 23) and binge eating (BE; score > 17; n = 19)...
November 9, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836626/stress-induced-eating-in-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity
#9
Rebecca R Klatzkin, Sierra Gaffney, Kathryn Cyrus, Elizabeth Bigus, Kimberly A Brownley
The purpose of the current study was to investigate stress-induced eating in women with binge-eating disorder (BED) and obesity. Three groups of women [obese with BED (n=9); obese non-BED (n=11); and normal weight (NW) non-BED (n=12)], rated their levels of hunger and psychological distress before and after completing the Trier Social Stress Test, followed by food anticipation and then consumption of their preferred snack food. We differentiated between the motivational and hedonic components of eating by measuring the amount of food participants poured into a serving bowl compared to the amount consumed...
November 9, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828693/a-register-based-case-control-study-of-prescription-medication-utilization-in-binge-eating-disorder
#10
Hunna J Watson, Andreas Jangmo, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff, Laura M Thornton, Elisabeth Welch, Camilla Wiklund, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Claes Norring, Barry K Herman, Henrik Larsson, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with binge-eating disorder (BED) experience psychiatric and somatic comorbidities and obesity, but the nature and magnitude of prescription medication utilization is unclear. We investigated utilization using Swedish registry data and a case-control design. METHODS: Cases were identified from Riksät and Stepwise longitudinal registers and were individuals diagnosed with BED per DSM-IV-TR criteria between July 1, 2006, and December 31, 2009, at eating disorder clinics (n = 238, 96% female, mean age = 22...
July 7, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825940/binge-eating-behaviours-and-food-cravings-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#11
Y M Jeanes, S Reeves, E L Gibson, C Piggott, V A May, K H Hart
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine condition in women, is often anecdotally associated with binge eating behaviours and food cravings; however there is a paucity of research. This study aimed to report the prevalence of binge eating and food cravings and their relation to obesity risk in women with PCOS. Participants completed an online survey including the Bulimia Investigatory Test, Edinburgh, Food Cravings-Trait Questionnaire and the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire revised-18. The study included obese (n = 340), overweight (n = 70) and lean (n = 45) women with PCOS and lean healthy women (n = 40)...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821368/preferred-descriptions-for-loss-of-control-while-eating-and-weight-among-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#12
Christina A Roberto, Katharine Galbraith, Janet A Lydecker, Valentina Ivezaj, Rachel D Barnes, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo
Patients with binge eating disorder (BED) typically also have excess weight, making them vulnerable to stigmatizing attitudes about mental illness and obesity. Further, one of the diagnostic features of BED is experiencing a loss of control during binge eating episodes. It is possible that patients feel negatively judged when clinicians assess for loss of control as it may activate stereotypes of patients with obesity lacking willpower. We developed a questionnaire to assess preferences for common loss of control descriptions and gathered data on preferences for weight-related terms among 46 patients with BED...
September 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816464/a-commentary-on-the-associations-among-food-addiction-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-overlapping-conditions-with-idiosyncratic-clinical-features
#13
Caroline Davis
This commentary discusses the evidence linking patterns of compulsive overeating, such as binge eating and grazing, with a putative psychopathological condition known commonly as 'food addiction'. It also addresses their distinctiveness as independent - albeit overlapping - clinical entities. Discussions focus largely on their respective clinical features and neuropsychobiological associations. Despite semantic issues about the appropriateness of the food-addiction label, there is accumulating evidence that some vulnerable individuals display addictive symptoms in relation to their consumption of certain highly rewarding foods...
November 2, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808536/excess-weight-gain-prevention-in-adolescents-three-year-outcome-following-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Denise E Wilfley, Jami F Young, Tracy Sbrocco, Mark Stephens, Sheila M Brady, Ovidiu Galescu, Andrew Demidowich, Cara H Olsen, Merel Kozlosky, James C Reynolds, Jack A Yanovski
Objective: Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) prevents weight gain in adults with obesity and binge-eating-disorder, and is especially effective among those with increased psychosocial problems. However, IPT was not superior to health education (HE) to prevent excess weight gain at 1-year follow-up in 113 adolescent girls at high-risk for excess weight gain because of loss-of-control eating and high body mass index (BMI; kg/m2; Tanofsky-Kraff et al., 2014). Method: Participants from the original trial were recontacted 3 years later for assessment...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804899/disrupted-resting-state-brain-network-properties-in-obesity-decreased-global-and-putaminal-cortico-striatal-network-efficiency
#15
K Baek, L S Morris, P Kundu, V Voon
BACKGROUND: The efficient organization and communication of brain networks underlie cognitive processing and their disruption can lead to pathological behaviours. Few studies have focused on whole-brain networks in obesity and binge eating disorder (BED). Here we used multi-echo resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) along with a data-driven graph theory approach to assess brain network characteristics in obesity and BED. METHOD: Multi-echo rsfMRI scans were collected from 40 obese subjects (including 20 BED patients) and 40 healthy controls and denoised using multi-echo independent component analysis (ME-ICA)...
November 2, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797154/binge-abstinence-is-associated-with-reduced-energy-intake-after-treatment-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity
#16
Robin M Masheb, Lindsey M Dorflinger, Barbara J Rolls, Diane C Mitchell, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is strongly associated with obesity and related medical and psychiatric morbidities. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has consistently been shown to reduce binge eating frequency and improve psychological functioning, as well as to produce abstinence rates of roughly 50%. This study examined the relationship between binge abstinence and dietary and psychological outcomes after CBT for BED. METHODS: Fifty adult patients with BED received 6-month treatments using a combination of CBT and dietary counseling...
October 31, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795829/binge-eating-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-in-participants-of-the-elsa-brazil
#17
Thamyres Souza da Silva, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Maria Angélica Antunes Nunes, Carolina Perim de Faria, Nagela Valadão Cade
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the relationship between recurrent binge eating episodes and nutritional and food profiles and lifestyle in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (Estudo Longitudinal da Saúde do Adulto - ELSA-Brazil) cohort. RESULTS: Recurrent binge eating episodes were associated with obesity (OR 5.188; confidence interval [CI] 4.051-6.645), overweight (OR 2.534; CI 1.980-3.243), female sex (OR 1.918; CI 1.573-2.338), age between 34 and 54 years old (OR 1...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789376/approach-and-inhibition-responses-to-external-food-cues-among-average-weight-women-who-binge-eat-and-weight-matched-controls
#18
Zhenyong Lyu, Panpan Zheng, Hong Chen, Todd Jackson
Despite laboratory evidence linking impulsivity to binge-eating (BE) among people with obesity, it is unclear whether such inhibitory control deficits extend to average-weight persons who binge eat or influence actual calories consumed when such opportunities present. Towards clarifying these issues, women with higher (n = 31) and lower (n = 31) BE levels engaged in a visual Go/No-Go task comprising images of high-calorie foods, low-calorie foods, and household objects, after which they completed a self-report battery in an environment conducive to snacking...
October 24, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768944/attentional-and-motor-impulsivity-interactively-predict-food-addiction-in-obese-individuals
#19
Adrian Meule, Martina de Zwaan, Astrid Müller
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct and constitutes a common risk factor for a range of behaviors associated with poor self-control (e.g., substance use or binge eating). The short form of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15) measures impulsive behaviors related to attentional (inability to focus attention or concentrate), motor (acting without thinking), and non-planning (lack of future orientation or forethought) impulsivity. Eating-related measures appear to be particularly related to attentional and motor impulsivity and recent findings suggest that interactive effects between these two facets may play a role in eating- and weight-regulation...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757092/dietary-restraint-partially-mediates-the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-binge-eating-only-in-lean-individuals-the-importance-of-accounting-for-body-mass-in-studies-of-restraint
#20
Jaime A Coffino, Natalia C Orloff, Julia M Hormes
Binge eating is characteristic of eating and weight-related disorders such as binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, and obesity. In light of data suggest impulsivity is associated with overeating specifically in restrained eaters, this study sought to elucidate the exact nature of the associations between these variables, hypothesizing that the relationship between impulsivity and binge eating is mediated by restrained eating. We further hypothesized that the role of dietary restraint as a mediator would be moderated by body mass index (BMI)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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