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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158228/stigma-experienced-by-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#2
Stephen J Pont, Rebecca Puhl, Stephen R Cook, Wendelin Slusser
The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149076/the-association-between-food-addiction-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-preliminary-investigation
#3
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Massimo Continisio, Michela Balsamo, Aristide Saggino, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
In recent years, there has been a growing focus on early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) as core features associated with eating psychopathology. The aims of the present study were to assess in overweight and obese women: (i) the association between dysfunctional eating patterns (i.e., food addiction and binge eating) and EMSs, and (ii) the association between food addiction and EMSs after controlling for potential confounding variables (i.e., binge eating severity and psychopathology). Participants were 70 overweight and obese women seeking low-energy-diet therapy...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144185/rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#4
E Roveda, A Montaruli, L Galasso, C Pesenti, E Bruno, P Pasanisi, M Cortellini, S Rampichini, S Erzegovesi, A Caumo, F Esposito
Recent findings suggest that altered rest-activity circadian rhythms (RARs) are associated with a compromised health status. RARs abnormalities have been observed also in several pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and cancer diseases. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder, with a prevalence of 3.5% in women and 2% in men. BED and its associate obesity and motor inactivity could induce RARs disruption and have negative consequences on health-related quality of life...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128522/biological-evidence-for-attention-bias-to-food-emotional-dysregulation-disinhibition-and-deficient-somatosensory-awareness-in-obesity-with-binge-eating-disorder
#5
Roni Aviram-Friedman, Nerys Astbury, Christopher N Ochner, Isobel Contento, Allan Geliebter
OBJECTIVES: To refine the biobehavioral markers of binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: We conducted fMRI brain scans using images of high energy processed food (HEPF), low energy unprocessed food (LEUF), or non-foods (NF) in 42 adults (obese with BED [obese -BED; n=13] and obese with no BED [obese non-BED; n=29]) selected via ads. Two blood oxygenated level dependent (BOLD) signal contrast maps were examined: food versus nonfood, and HEPF versus LEUF. In addition, score differences on the disinhibition scale were correlated with BOLD signals...
November 8, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118561/pilot-study-of-the-prevalence-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients
#6
Jinyu Zhang, Omair Abbasi, Lev Malevanchik, Neena Mohan, Richard Denicola, Nicholas Tarangelo, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in the United States. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common form of eating disorder. NAFLD and BED have similar risk factors, including obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. The aim of our study was to examine prevalence of BED in NAFLD patients. Methods: We administered the Binge Eating Scale (BES), a questionnaire validated to screen for BED, to NAFLD patients at our Fatty Liver Center...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112288/a-preliminary-study-of-momentary-naturalistic-indicators-of-binge-eating-episodes-in-adults-with-obesity
#7
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, James E Mitchell, Scott G Engel, Carol B Peterson
OBJECTIVES: Binge eating is common in adults with obesity. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Psychiatric Disorders describes five indicators of binge eating (eating more rapidly than usual; eating until uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating alone because of embarrassment over how much one is eating; and feeling disgusted with oneself, depressed, or very guilty after overeating), but their validity is unclear. METHOD: We examined preliminary associations between the five indicators and binge versus nonbinge episodes among 50 adults with obesity via ecological momentary assessment...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094956/food-addiction-prevalence-and-concurrent-validity-in-african-american-adolescents-with-obesity
#8
Erica M Schulte, Angela J Jacques-Tiura, Ashley N Gearhardt, Sylvie Naar
Food addiction, measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), has been associated with obesity, eating-related problems (e.g., bingeing), and problematic consumption of highly processed foods. Studies on this topic have primarily examined adult samples with an overrepresentation of White individuals, and little is known about addictive-like eating in adolescents, particularly African American adolescents who exhibit high rates of obesity and eating pathology. The current study examined the prevalence of food addiction and its convergent validity with percent overweight, eating-related problems, and self-reported dietary intake in a sample of 181 African American adolescents with obesity...
November 2, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079383/surgery-type-and-psychosocial-factors-contribute-to-poorer-weight-loss-outcomes-in-persons-with-a-body-mass-index-greater-than-60-kg-m-2
#9
Ryan J Marek, Gail A Williams, Samantha H Mohun, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: The current investigation aims to predict 3-year postoperative percent total weight loss among a sample of bariatric surgery patients with super-super obesity. OBJECTIVE: Previous research implies that persons with presurgical super-super obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥60 kg/m(2)) tend to have poorer loss outcomes compared with those with a lower presurgical BMI after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Cleveland Clinic, Bariatric & Metabolic Institute, Cleveland, OH...
September 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077027/food-related-impulsivity-in-obesity-and-binge-eating-disorder-a-systematic-update-of-the-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Katrin E Giel, Martin Teufel, Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel, Kathrin Schag
The specific eating pattern of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) patients has provoked the assumption that BED might represent a phenotype within the obesity spectrum that is characterized by increased impulsivity. Following the guidelines of the PRISMA statement (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses), we here provide a systematic update on the evidence on food-related impulsivity in obese individuals, with and without BED, as well as normal-weight individuals. We separately analyzed potential group differences in the impulsivity components of reward sensitivity and rash-spontaneous behavior...
October 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075493/perceptions-of-eating-disorder-diagnoses-and-body-image-issues-in-four-male-cases-in-singapore
#11
Evelyn Boon, Kelly Ann Zainal, Stephen W Touyz
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of patients presenting for treatment, little is still known about male eating disorders cases. The current study presents four male eating disorder cases presented to our specialized treatment facility in Singapore. CASE PRESENTATION: Cases 1, 2 and 3 are homosexual males in their twenties and thirties who presented with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Case 4 is a heterosexual male in his twenties diagnosed with binge eating disorder...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072522/role-of-impulsivity-and-reward-in-the-anti-obesity-actions-of-5-ht2c-receptor-agonists
#12
Guy A Higgins, Fiona D Zeeb, Paul J Fletcher
The selective 5-HT2C receptor agonist lorcaserin entered clinical obesity trials with the prevalent view that satiety was a primary mechanism of action. Subsequent Phase II and III trials demonstrated efficacy in terms of weight loss, although the overall effect size (~3% placebo-corrected change) is considered modest. Lorcaserin has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of obesity with lifestyle modification, but since its introduction in 2013 its sales are in decline, probably due to its overall modest effect...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066077/applying-novel-technologies-and-methods-to-inform-the-ontology-of-self-regulation
#13
Ian W Eisenberg, Patrick G Bissett, Jessica R Canning, Jesse Dallery, A Zeynep Enkavi, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, Oscar Gonzalez, Alan I Green, Mary Ann Greene, Michaela Kiernan, Sunny Jung Kim, Jamie Li, Michael R Lowe, Gina L Mazza, Stephen A Metcalf, Lisa Onken, Sadev S Parikh, Ellen Peters, Judith J Prochaska, Emily A Scherer, Luke E Stoeckel, Matthew J Valente, Jialing Wu, Haiyi Xie, David P MacKinnon, Lisa A Marsch, Russell A Poldrack
Self-regulation is a broad construct representing the general ability to recruit cognitive, motivational and emotional resources to achieve long-term goals. This construct has been implicated in a host of health-risk behaviors, and is a promising target for fostering beneficial behavior change. Despite its clear importance, the behavioral, psychological and neural components of self-regulation remain poorly understood, which contributes to theoretical inconsistencies and hinders maximally effective intervention development...
October 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063418/health-benefits-of-fasting-and-caloric-restriction
#14
REVIEW
Saeid Golbidi, Andreas Daiber, Bato Korac, Huige Li, M Faadiel Essop, Ismail Laher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity and obesity-related diseases, largely resulting from urbanization and behavioral changes, are now of global importance. Energy restriction, though, is associated with health improvements and increased longevity. We review some important mechanisms related to calorie limitation aimed at controlling of metabolic diseases, particularly diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Calorie restriction triggers a complex series of intricate events, including activation of cellular stress response elements, improved autophagy, modification of apoptosis, and alteration in hormonal balance...
October 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044551/disordered-eating-and-obesity-associations-between-binge-eating-disorder-night-eating-syndrome-and-weight-related-comorbidities
#15
REVIEW
Courtney McCuen-Wurst, Madelyn Ruggieri, Kelly C Allison
Binge-eating disorder (BED) and night-eating syndrome (NES) are two forms of disordered eating associated with overweight and obesity. While these disorders also occur in nonobese persons, they seem to be associated with weight gain over time and higher risk of diabetes and other metabolic dysfunction. BED and NES are also associated with higher risk of psychopathology, including mood, anxiety, and sleep problems, than those of similar weight status without disordered eating. Treatments are available, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, lisdexamfetamine, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for BED; and CBT, SSRIs, progressive muscle relaxation, and bright light therapy for NES...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038069/study-protocol-and-rationale-for-a-randomized-double-blinded-crossover-trial-of-phentermine-topiramate-er-versus-placebo-to-treat-binge-eating-disorder-and-bulimia-nervosa
#16
Shebani Sethi Dalai, Sarah Adler, Thomas Najarian, Debra Lynn Safer
INTRODUCTION: Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) are associated with severe psychological and medical consequences. Current therapies are limited, leaving up to 50% of patients symptomatic despite treatment, underscoring the need for additional treatment options. Qsymia, an FDA-approved medication for obesity, combines phentermine and topiramate ER. Topiramate has demonstrated efficacy for both BED and BN, but limited tolerability. Phentermine is FDA-approved for weight loss...
October 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024361/emotional-processing-in-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
J Fernandes, F Ferreira-Santos, K Miller, S Torres
The role of emotional functioning in the development and maintenance of obesity has been investigated, but the literature is poorly integrated. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to explore emotional processing impairments in obesity. PubMed, Web of Knowledge and PsycINFO databases were searched in March 2016, yielding 31 studies comparing emotional processing competencies in individuals with obesity, with or without binge eating disorder (BED), and control groups. Meta-analyses demonstrated that individuals with obesity had higher scores of alexithymia (d = 0...
October 10, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988855/grazing-in-adults-with-obesity-and-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-associated-clinical-features-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence
#18
REVIEW
Andreea I Heriseanu, Phillipa Hay, Laura Corbit, Stephen Touyz
Grazing, the unstructured, repetitive eating of small amounts of food, is a pattern of eating which has been associated with negative outcomes following bariatric surgery. Less is known about grazing in eating disorders and in non-surgical obese samples. This review aims to critically examine the existing research on the prevalence of grazing, associated treatment outcomes, and clinical correlates in adults with eating disorders and/or obesity, in clinical and community settings. A systematic electronic database search yielded 38 studies which met inclusion criteria for the review...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987340/does-your-child-s-weight-influence-how-you-judge-yourself-as-a-parent-a-cross-sectional-study-to-define-and-examine-parental-overvaluation-of-weight-shape
#19
Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
Parents are integral stakeholders in children's health and development, and yet there is a dearth of research on parental attitudes and parents' personal weight and eating psychopathology, which have the potential to influence pediatric obesity and eating disorder treatments meaningfully. Overvaluation of weight/shape is a core concept in eating-disorder assessment and treatment defined as self-evaluation excessively based on weight/shape, which research has demonstrated to be clinically important psychopathology...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985151/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-a-phone-based-mindfulness-and-weight-loss-program
#20
Kelly M Carpenter, Katrina A Vickerman, Erica E Salmon, Harold S Javitz, Elissa S Epel, Jennifer C Lovejoy
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of integrating mindfulness training into a phone-based weight loss program to improve outcomes in those with high levels of emotional eating. Participants were 75 enrollees into an employer-sponsored weight loss program who reported high levels of overeating in response to thoughts and feelings. Seventy-five overweight and obese participants (92% female, 65% Caucasian, aged 26 to 68) were randomized to the new mindfulness weight loss program (n = 50) or the standard behavioral weight loss program (n = 25)...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
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