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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615960/personalized-multistep-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-obesity
#1
EDITORIAL
Riccardo Dalle Grave, Massimiliano Sartirana, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi
Multistep cognitive behavioral therapy for obesity (CBT-OB) is a treatment that may be delivered at three levels of care (outpatient, day hospital, and residential). In a stepped-care approach, CBT-OB associates the traditional procedures of weight-loss lifestyle modification, ie, physical activity and dietary recommendations, with specific cognitive behavioral strategies that have been indicated by recent research to influence weight loss and maintenance by addressing specific cognitive processes. The treatment program as a whole is delivered in six modules...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611698/improving-assessment-of-the-spectrum-of-reward-related-eating-the-red-13
#2
Ashley E Mason, Uku Vainik, Michael Acree, A Janet Tomiyama, Alain Dagher, Elissa S Epel, Frederick M Hecht
A diversity of scales capture facets of reward-related eating (RRE). These scales assess food cravings, uncontrolled eating, addictive behavior, restrained eating, binge eating, and other eating behaviors. However, these scales differ in terms of the severity of RRE they capture. We sought to incorporate the items from existing scales to broaden the 9-item Reward-based Eating Drive scale (RED-9; Epel et al., 2014), which assesses three dimensions of RRE (lack of satiety, preoccupation with food, and lack of control over eating), in order to more comprehensively assess the entire spectrum of RRE...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595362/executive-function-and-dysregulated-eating-behaviors-in-pediatric-obesity
#3
Marissa A Gowey, Crystal S Lim, Gareth R Dutton, Janet H Silverstein, Marilyn C Dumont-Driscoll, David M Janicke
To examine the association between caregiver proxy report of executive function (EF) and dysregulated eating behavior in children with obesity.  Participants were 195 youth with obesity aged 8-17 years, and their legal guardians. Youth height, weight, demographics, depressive symptoms, eating behaviors, and EF were assessed cross-sectionally during a medical visit. Analyses of covariance, adjusted for child age, gender, race/ethnicity, standardized BMI, depressive symptoms, and family income were used to examine differences in youth EF across caregiver and youth self-report of eating behaviors...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592990/predictors-of-successful-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-a-two-year-follow-up
#4
Ryoko Sawamoto, Takehiro Nozaki, Tomoe Nishihara, Tomokazu Furukawa, Tomokazu Hata, Gen Komaki, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572072/the-critical-role-of-cognitive-based-trait-differences-in-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-suppression-of-food-craving-and-eating-in-frank-obesity
#6
Mary Katherine Ray, Maria D Sylvester, Lauren Osborn, Joel Helms, Bulent Turan, Emilee E Burgess, Mary M Boggiano
Obesity remains a major public health concern and novel treatments are needed. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulation technique shown to reduce food craving and consumption, especially when targeting the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) with a right anode/left cathode electrode montage. Despite the implications to treat frank (non-bingeeating) obesity, no study has tested the right anode/left cathode montage in this population. Additionally, most tDCS appetite studies have not controlled for differences in traits under DLPFC control that may influence how well one responds to tDCS...
May 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560316/vmat2-mediated-neurotransmission-from-midbrain-leptin-receptor-neurons-in-feeding-regulation
#7
Yuanzhong Xu, Yungang Lu, Pingwen Xu, Leandra R Mangieri, Elsa Isingrini, Yong Xu, Bruno Giros, Qingchun Tong
Leptin receptors (LepRs) expressed in the midbrain contribute to the action of leptin on feeding regulation. The midbrain neurons release a variety of neurotransmitters including dopamine (DA), glutamate and GABA. However, which neurotransmitter mediates midbrain leptin action on feeding remains unclear. Here, we showed that midbrain LepR neurons overlap with a subset of dopaminergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons. Specific removal of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) in midbrain LepR neurons (KO mice) disrupted DA accumulation in vesicles, but failed to cause a significant change in the evoked release of either glutamate or GABA to downstream neurons...
May 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546212/rapid-binge-like-eating-and-body-weight-gain-driven-by-zona-incerta-gaba-neuron-activation
#8
Xiaobing Zhang, Anthony N van den Pol
The neuronal substrate for binge eating, which can at times lead to obesity, is not clear. We find that optogenetic stimulation of mouse zona incerta (ZI) γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurons or their axonal projections to paraventricular thalamus (PVT) excitatory neurons immediately (in 2 to 3 seconds) evoked binge-like eating. Minimal intermittent stimulation led to body weight gain; ZI GABA neuron ablation reduced weight. ZI stimulation generated 35% of normal 24-hour food intake in just 10 minutes. The ZI cells were excited by food deprivation and the gut hunger signal ghrelin...
May 26, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493727/military-sexual-trauma-is-associated-with-eating-disorders-while-combat-exposure-is-not
#9
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Yongmei Li, Claire L Hebenstreit, Lizabeth A Goldstein, Shira Maguen
OBJECTIVE: There are strong associations among trauma and eating disorders. However, while trauma and eating disorders are more common among veterans than other populations, there is little information on how military-specific stressors affect eating disorder risk. This study's objective was to determine whether military sexual trauma and combat exposure were independent predictors of eating disorders among women veterans, a high-risk group. METHOD: Participants were women age 18-70, using VA medical center services, without psychotic disorders or suicidal ideation (N = 407)...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487663/binge-eating-disorder-bed-in-relation-to-addictive-behaviors-and-personality-risk-factors
#10
Caroline Davis, Laura Mackew, Robert D Levitan, Allan S Kaplan, Jacqueline C Carter, James L Kennedy
While there is good evidence that binge eating disorder (BED) is linked to higher-than-expected use of a broad range of addictive behaviors, mechanisms underlying this association are not well understood. Using a mediation-analytical approach with three age- and gender-matched groups - overweight/obese adults with (n = 42) and without (n = 104) BED, and normal-weight control participants (n = 73) - we tested the hypothesis that adults with BED would engage in more addictive behaviors and have higher scores on a personality-risk index than the two control groups...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473061/long-term-interdisciplinary-therapy-decreases-symptoms-of-binge-eating-disorder-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adults-with-obesity
#11
Paula Bresciani Leite, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso, Vanessa Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Stephan Garcia Andrade Silva, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Camila Aparecida Machado de Oliveira, Danielle Arisa Caranti
Obesity-associated comorbidities greatly impact the quality and expectancy of life. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder and it is an important risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). For these reasons, we aimed to assess the effect of an interdisciplinary therapy on the symptoms of BED and the prevalence of MetS in obese adults. It was hypothesized that the interdisciplinary therapy would decrease symptoms of BED and markers of MetS. Twenty-four volunteers (BMI 34...
April 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469914/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-interventions-for-uncomplicated-obesity-weight-loss-well-being-and-impact-on-eating-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Tina Peckmezian, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVE: Most weight loss research focuses on weight as the primary outcome, often to the exclusion of other physiological or psychological measures. This study aims to provide a holistic evaluation of the effects from weight loss interventions for individuals with obesity by examining the physiological, psychological and eating disorders outcomes from these interventions. METHODS: Databases Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Library (2011-2016) were searched for randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews of obesity treatments (dietary, exercise, behavioural, psychological, pharmacological or surgical)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465183/a-qualitative-analysis-of-men-s-experiences-of-binge-eating
#13
Jillian B Carey, Karen K Saules, Meagan M Carr
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent overeating episodes, accompanied by loss of control (LOC), in the absence of compensatory behaviors. The literature supports that men overeat as often or more often than do women, but they are less likely to endorse LOC and other BED symptoms. Thus, rates of BED are lower among men. However, differences in prevalence rates may reflect gender bias in current conceptualizations of eating disorders and BED diagnostic criteria, not necessarily truly lower rates of disordered eating among men...
April 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463747/the-use-of-support-people-to-improve-the-weight-related-and-psychological-outcomes-of-adults-with-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Elizabeth Rieger, Janet Treasure, Kristen Murray, Ian Caterson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether training individuals from the personal networks of adults with obesity in the skills of motivational interviewing enhances the anthropometric and psychological outcomes of a cognitive-behavioural weight loss intervention. METHODS: Adults with obesity (N = 201) were randomised to participate in 26 sessions of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for weight loss either alone (CBT-A) or with the addition of a support person (CBT-SP)...
April 25, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455681/multidimensional-improvements-induced-by-an-intensive-obesity-inpatients-rehabilitation-programme
#15
Francesca Giordano, Michela Berteotti, Simona Budui, Nicole Calgaro, Laura Franceschini, Federica Gilli, Marina Masiero, Guido Raschellà, Sabrina Salvetti, Micol Taddei, Federico Schena, Luca Busetto
PURPOSE: To analyse the short-term effectiveness of an intensive multidimensional inpatient programme specifically developed for patients with severe obesity. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team managed a 3-week residential programme characterised by the integration of nutritional and physical rehabilitation with psychological and educational intervention. All patients consecutively admitted in 10 months were analysed at admission and discharge for changes in the following domains: anthropometry (weight, body mass index (BMI), waist and neck circumferences), cardiovascular risk factors (glycaemia, HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure), quality of life, eating behaviour, and physical performance (VO2peak by incremental cycle ergometer test, 6-min walking test (6MWT), chair stands test)...
April 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450124/experiences-of-weight-teasing-in-adolescence-and-weight-related-outcomes-in-adulthood-a-15-year-longitudinal-study
#16
Rebecca M Puhl, Melanie M Wall, Chen Chen, S Bryn Austin, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Weight-based teasing is common among youth, but little is known about its long-term impact on health outcomes. We aimed to 1) identify whether weight-based teasing in adolescence predicts adverse eating and weight-related outcomes 15years later; and 2) determine whether teasing source (peers or family) affects these outcomes. Data were collected from Project EAT-IV (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) (N=1830), a longitudinal cohort study that followed a diverse sample of adolescents from 1999 (baseline) to 2015 (follow-up)...
July 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434108/emotional-eating-binge-eating-and-animal-models-of-binge-type-eating-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Robert Turton, Rayane Chami, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this paper is to review the role that hedonic factors, emotions and self-regulation systems have over eating behaviours from animal models to humans. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence has been found to suggest that for some high-risk individuals, obesity/binge eating may develop as an impulsive reaction to negative emotions that over time becomes a compulsive habit. Animal models highlight the neural mechanisms that might underlie this process and suggest similarities with substance use disorders...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425019/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-problematic-overeating-behaviors-in-young-men-and-women
#18
Susan M Mason, Patricia A Frazier, S Bryn Austin, Bernard L Harlow, Benita Jackson, Nancy C Raymond, Janet W Rich-Edwards
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a risk factor for obesity, but the range of behaviors that contribute to this association are not known. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations between self-reported PTSD symptoms in 2007, with and without comorbid depression symptoms, and three problematic overeating behaviors in 2010, and to estimate the associations of PTSD-related overeating behaviors with obesity. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses included 7438 male (n = 2478) and female (n = 4960) participants from the Growing Up Today Study (mean age 22-29 years in 2010)...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420317/the-role-of-coherence-of-mind-and-reflective-functioning-in-understanding-binge-eating-disorder-and-co-morbid-overweight
#19
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Coherence of mind and reflective functioning may impact negative affect and interpersonal functioning over and above the effects of symptoms of depression and interpersonal problems that contribute to symptoms of binge-eating disorder (BED) and overweight/obesity. Matched samples of overweight women with BED and overweight and normal weight women without BED completed the Adult Attachment Interview, a measure of depressive symptoms, and a measure of interpersonal problems. Greater symptoms of depression distinguished women with BED from the matched comparison samples...
April 18, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407284/executive-functions-in-adolescents-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity
#20
Rebekka Kittel, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert
OBJECTIVE: Binge-eating disorder (BED) in adults is associated with alterations in executive functions (EF) and obesity. Much less is known about these relationships in adolescents, including whether poor EF are associated with eating disorder psychopathology and/or elevated body mass index. This study examined EF in response to neutral stimuli in youth with BED. METHOD: Adolescents with BED and obesity (n = 22), individually matched adolescents with obesity (n = 22), and normal weight (n = 22) completed neuropsychological tests targeting inhibition (Color-Word Interference Test), sustained attention (D2 Concentration Endurance Test), cognitive flexibility (Comprehensive Trail Making Test), and decision-making (Iowa Gambling Task)...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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