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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790653/the-impact-of-living-with-morbid-obesity-on-psychological-need-frustration-a-study-with-bariatric-patients
#1
Ángel Megías, David González-Cutre, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, José M Gomis-Díaz, Eduardo Cervelló, Kimberley J Bartholomew
Guided by self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the previous experiences of living with morbid obesity of 10 postbariatric patients enrolled in a physical activity programme. Qualitative data were collected through interviews and diarized observations. A thematic analysis revealed that participants suffered from health and mobility troubles in their daily life and experienced stigmatization and discrimination in most areas of their social functioning. Participants described how these experiences resulted in the thwarting of their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746881/binge-eating-and-other-eating-related-problems-in-adolescents-undergoing-gastric-bypass-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study-amos
#3
Kajsa Järvholm, Torsten Olbers, Markku Peltonen, Claude Marcus, Jovanna Dahlgren, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Pia Henfridsson, Eva Gronowitz, Jan Karlsson
Bariatric surgery is established as a treatment option for adolescents with severe obesity. Little is known about binge eating (BE) and other eating-related problems in adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery. BE, emotional eating, uncontrolled eating, and cognitive restraint were assessed at baseline, and one and two years after gastric bypass using questionnaires in 82 adolescents (mean age 16.9 years, 67% girls). BE was assessed with the Binge Eating Scale (BES) and other eating-related problems with the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire...
May 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700895/parental-characteristics-in-association-with-disordered-eating-in-11-to-12-year-olds-a-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#4
Pernille Stemann Larsen, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Else Marie Olsen, Nadia Micali, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
We examined the association between parental characteristics and disordered eating among 11- to 12-year-olds within the Danish National Birth Cohort. Frequency of fasting, purging, and binge eating was obtained by self-report from 37,592 children and combined into a measure of disordered eating (no, monthly, and weekly). Information on parental characteristics was obtained during pregnancy, from the 7-year follow-up, and by linkage to population registers. Data were analysed using multinomial logistic regression models with robust standard errors...
April 27, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698017/impact-of-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-on-weight-loss-and-psychological-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#5
Ariane Jacob, Gregory Moullec, Kim L Lavoie, Catherine Laurin, Tovah Cowan, Cameron Tisshaw, Christina Kazazian, Candace Raddatz, Simon L Bacon
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy weight loss (CBTWL) interventions on weight loss, psychological outcomes (eating behaviors [cognitive restraint, emotional/binge eating], and depressive/anxiety symptoms) in adults with overweight or obesity. METHODS: To be included, studies had to (a) be randomized controlled clinical trials of a CBTWL intervention versus a comparison intervention; (b) include weight loss and psychological outcomes; and (c) include patients who were at least overweight to obese...
May 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674225/mood-and-restrained-eating-moderate-food-associated-response-inhibition-in-obese-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder
#6
Sabine Loeber, Martina Rustemeier, Georgios Paslakis, Reinhard Pietrowsky, Astrid Müller, Stephan Herpertz
Recent research suggests that obese individuals with binge eating disorder (BED) show deficits in response inhibition, but findings are not consistent, especially when food-associated stimuli are presented. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of moderating factors by taking into account restrained eating and mood. Seventeen obese women with BED, 20 obese women without BED and 20 normal-weight controls (NW) were recruited. A go/no-go task with food-associated and control stimuli and questionnaires were administered...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670752/quality-of-life-binge-eating-and-sexual-function-in-participants-treated-for-obesity-with-sustained-release-naltrexone-bupropion
#7
A Halseth, K Shan, K Gilder, M Malone, L Acevedo, K Fujioka
Objective: This multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label trial examined weight-related quality of life, control over eating behaviour and sexual function after 26 weeks of treatment with either 32 mg naltrexone sustained release (SR)/360 mg bupropion SR plus a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program (NB + CLI, N = 153) or usual care (UC, N = 89), which included minimal lifestyle intervention. Methods: Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite, Binge Eating Scale and Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale were assessed at baseline (BL) and weeks 16 and 26...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670751/comparing-physical-activity-in-individuals-with-overweight-obesity-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#8
J A Barber, V Ivezaj, R D Barnes
Objective: Differential participation in physical activity (PA) may partially explain the health discrepancies between individuals with or without binge-eating disorder (BED). Yet, little is known about the PA habits of individuals with overweight/obesity and how those patterns may differ based on BED status. PA patterns and exercise self-efficacy were examined in individuals with overweight/obesity, with and without BED. Design: Ninety-seven participants with overweight/obesity self-reported their PA via the Godin Leisure-Time Questionnaire and the Paffenbarger PA Questionnaire...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670748/factors-associated-with-healthy-and-unhealthy-workplace-eating-behaviours-in-individuals-with-overweight-obesity-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#9
S L Leung, J A Barber, A Burger, R D Barnes
Objective: Most Americans spend an average of 8 hours per day in the workplace. Current understanding of eating behaviours in the workplace and their association with overweight, obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) is limited. Workplace eating behaviours and weight-related self-efficacy were examined in a sample of 98 individuals with overweight or obesity, with or without BED. Design: Participants completed the Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire, Work and Social Adjustment Scale, Worker's Perception of Environmental Factors, and a Workplace Questionnaire...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665478/developing-an-obesity-intervention-in-micronesia-from-needs-assessment-to-planning
#10
Ann Futterman Collier, Suzanne Daiss, Everlynn Temengil, Samantha Cody Russell, Julia Caroline Miller, Fumiana M Renguul
Evidence-based obesity reduction programs in the Pacific are scarce to nonexistent. Using a community-based participatory research model (CBPR) we developed a collaboration between our university and a small Pacific Island nation. We established an advisory council of local stakeholders and then conducted an extensive needs assessment with youth, parents, professionals, and lay public. Only 9% of participants had tried a weight loss program. There was a strong tendency to engage in binge-eating cycles; difficulty eating healthy during frequent community celebrations with few healthy food options available in general; and limited traditions that involved physical activity...
April 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655552/binge-eating-disorder-and-morbid-obesity-are-associated-with-lowered-mu-opioid-receptor-availability-in-the-brain
#11
Juho Joutsa, Henry K Karlsson, Joonas Majuri, Pirjo Nuutila, Semi Helin, Valtteri Kaasinen, Lauri Nummenmaa
Both morbid obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) have previously been linked with aberrant brain opioid function. Behaviorally these two conditions are however different suggesting also differences in neurotransmitter function. Here we directly compared mu-opioid receptor (MOR) availability between morbidly obese and BED subjects. Seven BED and nineteen morbidly obese (non-BED) patients, and thirty matched control subjects underwent positron emission tomography (PET) with MOR-specific ligand [11 C]carfentanil...
June 30, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642775/-dis-solving-the-weight-problem-in-binge-eating-disorder-systemic-insights-from-three-treatment-contexts-with-weight-stability-weight-loss-and-weight-acceptance
#12
Lene Bomholt Meyer, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen
Binge-eating disorder (BED) is a severe eating disorder strongly associated with obesity. Treatments struggle to provide safe and effective ways of addressing weight in a BED context. This study explored a two-phased treatment for BED developed at a major out-patient eating disorder service in Denmark. The study used interviews and participant observations to gain insight into experiences and processes related to weight and body issues in three treatment contexts that addressed weight stability, weight acceptance, and weight loss...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627345/a-spontaneous-binge-like-eating-model-in-mice-using-unpredictable-once-weekly-access-to-palatable-diets
#13
M Murphy, D J Dijkstra, J S Duncan, G W Horgan, J G Mercer
Many pre-clinical models of binge-like eating involve predictable, scheduled, access to a palatable diet high in fat (HF), where access may be preceded by anticipatory behaviour. Here, to introduce spontaneity into the binge-type consumption of palatable diets, mice were allowed 2 h access on a random day once per week and at a random time within an 8 h window either side of the transition from dark phase to light phase. Despite normal intake of a stock diet prior to unpredictable access to HF diet, mice immediately initiated a substantial eating episode when presented with HF diet...
April 5, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620392/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-culturally-adapted-program-for-latinas-with-binge-eating
#14
Fary M Cachelin, Virginia Gil-Rivas, Brooke Palmer, Alyssa Vela, Phoutdavone Phimphasone, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Hazel Tapp
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder among Latinas. Furthermore, Latinas report more frequent binge eating and higher levels of associated mental health symptoms as compared with non-Latino White women. Research demonstrates that Latinas' eating problems largely go undetected and untreated and that they face numerous barriers to seeking professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-based guided self-help (CBTgsh) for binge eating is a more affordable and disseminable intervention than traditional CBT treatment...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566003/changes-and-specificities-in-health-behaviors-among-healthcare-students-over-an-8-year-period
#15
M P Tavolacci, J Delay, S Grigioni, P Déchelotte, J Ladner
BACKGROUND: Healthcare students are future health care providers and serve as role models and coaches to enhance behaviors for healthy lifestyles. However healthcare students face multiple stressors that could lead to adopting risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in health risk factors among healthcare students between 2007 and 2015, and to identify specific health behaviors based on the curriculum in a population of healthcare students. METHODS: Two cross sectionnal studies were conducted in 2007 and 2015 among nursing, medical, pharmacy, and physiotherapy students (Rouen, France)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565629/-consensus-document-about-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-management-of-eating-disorders-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-others
#16
Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Cohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, M ª Teresa Mories Álvarez, M ª José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero
Bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are unique nosological entities. Both show a large variability related to its presentation and severity which involves different therapeutic approaches and the need to individualize the treatment, thus it is indispensable a multidisciplinary approach. Patients with bulimia nervosa may suffer from malnutrition and deficiency states or even excess weight, while in binge eating disorders, it is common overweight or obesity, which determine other comorbidities. Many of the symptoms and complications are associated with compensatory behaviors...
March 7, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559426/weight-stigma-goes-viral-on-the-internet-systematic-assessment-of-youtube-comments-attacking-overweight-men-and-women
#17
Yongwoog Andrew Jeon, Brent Hale, Eric Knackmuhs, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Anonymous verbal attacks against overweight individuals on social media are common and widespread. These comments often use negative, misogynist, or derogatory words, which stigmatize the targeted individuals with obesity. These verbal attacks may cause depression in overweight individuals, which could subsequently promote unhealthy eating behavior (ie, binge eating) and further weight gain. To develop an intervention policy and strategies that tackle the anonymous, Web-based verbal attacks, a thorough understanding of the comments is necessary...
March 20, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549863/the-feasibility-of-a-binge-eating-intervention-in-black-women-with-obesity
#18
Rachel W Goode, Melissa A Kalarchian, Linda Craighead, Molly B Conroy, John Wallace, Shaun M Eack, Lora E Burke
INTRODUCTION: U.S. Black women have the highest rates of obesity and report frequent binge eating behaviors. To our knowledge, no intervention research has aimed to treat binge eating specifically among Black women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and preliminary effect of Appetite Awareness Treatment (AAT), an 8-week cognitive-behavioral binge eating intervention, among Black women with obesity, and who report binge eating. METHODS: Participants (N = 31), had a mean (±SD) age of 48...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542203/an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-binge-eating-disorder-and-insomnia-symptoms
#19
Therese E Kenny, Megan Van Wijk, Christopher Singleton, Jacqueline C Carter
OBJECTIVE: Although studies on sleep difficulties in binge eating disorder (BED) have produced inconsistent findings, research has linked poor sleep to the presence of related concerns (e.g., obesity, anxiety, and depression). To clarify the relationship between BED and sleep problems, this study aimed to compare insomnia symptoms in individuals with BED and those with no history of an eating disorder (NED). METHOD: An adult community sample of individuals with BED (N = 68) and NED (N = 78) completed measures of insomnia, depression and anxiety, and eating disorder symptoms...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542177/associations-of-parents-self-child-and-other-fat-talk-with-child-eating-behaviors-and-weight
#20
Janet A Lydecker, Kristen E Riley, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Fat talk, negative communication about weight, is common in the media, peer groups, and families. Little is known about parental fat talk directed at oneself or others. This study examined associations between different forms of parental fat talk and child disordered eating behaviors and weight, and differences by child sex and age. METHOD: Parents of preadolescents or adolescents (n = 581) reported fat talk about themselves (self-fat talk), others (obesity-fat talk), and their child (child-fat talk)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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