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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640029/enacting-pedagogy-in-curricula-on-the-vital-role-of-governance-in-medical-education
#1
Oscar Casiro, Glenn Regehr
Managing curricula and curricular change involves both a complex set of decisions and effective enactment of those decisions. The means by which decisions are made, implemented, and monitored constitute the governance of a program. Thus, effective academic governance is critical to effective curriculum delivery. Medical educators and medical education researchers have been invested heavily in issues of educational content, pedagogy, and design. However, relatively little consideration has been paid to the governance processes that ensure fidelity of implementation and ongoing refinements that will bring curricular practices increasingly in line with the pedagogical intent...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628732/understanding-neurophobia-reasons-behind-impaired-understanding-and-learning-of-neuroanatomy-in-cross-disciplinary-healthcare-students
#2
Muhammad Asim Javaid, Shelly Chakraborty, John F Cryan, Harriët Schellekens, André Toulouse
Recent studies have highlighted a fear or difficulty with the study and understanding of neuroanatomy among medical and healthcare students. This has been linked with a diminished confidence of clinical practitioners and students to manage patients with neurological conditions. The underlying reasons for this difficulty have been queried among a broad cohort of medical, dental, occupational therapy, and speech and language sciences students. Direct evidence of the students' perception regarding specific difficulties associated with learning neuroanatomy has been provided and some of the measures required to address these issues have been identified...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628071/reflective-responses-following-a-role-play-simulation-of-nurse-bullying
#3
Deborah L Ulrich, Gordon Lee Gillespie, Maura C Boesch, Kyle M Bateman, Paula L Grubb
A qualitative exploratory design was used for this study to evaluate role-play simulation as an active learning strategy. The context for the role-play was bullying in nursing practice. Following a simulation, 333 students from five college campuses of three universities completed a reflection worksheet. Qualitative thematic findings were personal responses, nonverbal communications exhibited, actions taken by participants, and the perceived impact of bullying during the simulation. Role-play simulation was a highly effective pedagogy, eliciting learning at both the cognitive and affective domains...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626441/teaching-improvisation-through-processes-applications-in-music-education-and-implications-for-general-education
#4
REVIEW
Michele Biasutti
Improvisation is an articulated multidimensional activity based on an extemporaneous creative performance. Practicing improvisation, participants expand sophisticated skills such as sensory and perceptual encoding, memory storage and recall, motor control, and performance monitoring. Improvisation abilities have been developed following several methodologies mainly with a product-oriented perspective. A model framed under the socio-cultural theory of learning for designing didactic activities on processes instead of outcomes is presented in the current paper...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617972/pedagogical-questions-in-parent-child-conversations
#5
Yue Yu, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Patrick Shafto
Questioning is a core component of formal pedagogy. Parents commonly question children, but do they use questions to teach? This article defines "pedagogical questions" as questions for which the questioner already knows the answer and intended to help the questionee learn. Transcripts of parent-child conversations were collected from the CHILDES database to examine the frequency and distribution of pedagogical questions. Analysis of 2,166 questions from 166 mother-child dyads and 64 father-child dyads (child's age between 2 and 6 years) showed that pedagogical questions are commonplace during day-to-day parent-child conversations and vary based on child's age, family environment, and historical era...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#6
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615392/family-medicine-around-the-world-overview-by-region-the-besrour-papers-a-series-on-the-state-of-family-medicine-in-the-world
#7
REVIEW
Neil Arya, Christine Gibson, David Ponka, Cynthia Haq, Stephanie Hansel, Bruce Dahlman, Katherine Rouleau
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how family medicine has been recognized and integrated into primary health care systems in contrasting contexts around the world and to provide an overview of how family physicians are trained and certified. COMPOSITION OF THE COMMITTEE: Since 2012, the College of Family Physicians of Canada has hosted the Besrour Conferences to reflect on its role in advancing the discipline of family medicine globally. The Besrour Papers Working Group, which was struck at the 2013 conference, was tasked with developing a series of papers to highlight the key issues, lessons learned, and outcomes emerging from the various activities of the Besrour collaboration...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612403/a-meta-analysis-of-anatomy-laboratory-pedagogies
#8
Adam B Wilson, Corinne H Miller, Barbie A Klein, Melissa A Taylor, Michael Goodwin, Eve K Boyle, Kirsten Brown, Chantal Hoppe, Michelle Lazarus
INTRODUCTION The debate regarding anatomy laboratory teaching approaches is ongoing and controversial. To date, the literature has yielded only speculative conclusions due to general methodological weaknesses and a lack of summative empirical evidence. Through a meta-analysis, this study compared the effectiveness of instructional laboratory approaches used in anatomy education to objectively and more conclusively synthesize the existing literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS Studies published between January 1965 and December 2015 were searched through five databases...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600718/-compacted-procedures-for-adults-simple-addition-a-review-and-critique-of-the-evidence
#9
Yalin Chen, Jamie I D Campbell
We review recent empirical findings and arguments proffered as evidence that educated adults solve elementary addition problems (3 + 2, 4 + 1) using so-called compacted procedures (e.g., unconscious, automatic counting); a conclusion that could have significant pedagogical implications. We begin with the large-sample experiment reported by Uittenhove, Thevenot and Barrouillet (2016, Cognition, 146, 289-303), which tested 90 adults on the 81 single-digit addition problems from 1 + 1 to 9 + 9. They identified the 12 very-small addition problems with different operands both ≤ 4 (e...
June 9, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600042/the-effectiveness-of-clinical-problem-based-learning-model-of-medico-jurisprudence-education-on-general-law-knowledge-for-obstetrics-gynecological-interns
#10
Hui-Chin Chang, Ning-Yen Wang, Wen-Ru Ko, You-Tsz Yu, Long-Yau Lin, Hui-Fang Tsai
OBJECTIVE: The effective education method of medico-jurisprudence for medical students is unclear. The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) model teaching medico-jurisprudence in clinical setting on General Law Knowledge (GLK) for medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Senior medical students attending either campus-based law curriculum or Obstetrics/Gynecology (Ob/Gyn) clinical setting morning meeting from February to July in 2015 were enrolled...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599015/torso-and-bowing-arm-three-dimensional-joint-kinematics-of-elite-cellists-clinical-and-pedagogical-implications-for-practice
#11
Luke Hopper, Cliffton Chan, Suzanne Wijsman, Timothy Ackland, Peter Visentin, Jacqueline Alderson
BACKGROUND: Elite cello playing requires complex and refined motor control. Cellists are prone to right shoulder and thoracolumbar injuries. Research informing injury management of cellists and cello pedagogy is limited. The aims of this study were to quantify the torso, right shoulder, and elbow joint movement used by elite cellists while performing a fundamental playing task, a C major scale, under two volume conditions. METHODS: An eight degrees of freedom upper limb biomechanical model was applied to 3D motion capture data of the torso, upper arm, and forearm for 31 cellists with a mean experience of 19...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589307/cultivating-community-responsive-future-healthcare-professionals-using-service-learning-in-pre-health-humanities-education
#12
Casey Kayser
This essay argues that service-learning pedagogy is an important tool in pre-health humanities education that provides benefits to the community and produces more compassionate, culturally competent, and community-responsive future healthcare professionals. Further, beginning this approach at the baccalaureate level instills democratic and collaborative values at an earlier, crucial time in the career socialization process. The discussion focuses on learning outcomes and reciprocity between the university and community in a Medical Humanities course for junior and senior premedical students, an elective in the premedical curriculum...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589119/a-light-bulb-moment-in-understanding-public-health-for-undergraduate-students-evaluation-of-the-experiential-this-is-public-health-photo-essay-task
#13
Kate Joanne Dundas, Vibeke Hansen, Suzanne Outram, Erica L James
A lack of understanding of the importance of public health both within the community and in the tertiary education setting is a significant impediment to improvement in population health. The international campaign "This is Public Health" (TIPH) has been promoted widely as a strategy to increase community awareness and attract and inspire the next generation of public health professionals. This paper describes and evaluates student perceptions of a TIPH photo essay and reflective task in order to explore the pedagogical and learning outcomes related to undergraduate students' public health knowledge...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586430/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-1-design-method-and-results
#14
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
Background.: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching commissioned the Preparation for the Professions Program, a qualitative study of professional education in 5 professions: medicine, nursing, law, engineering and clergy. These studies identified curricular structures, instructional practices, assessment approaches and environmental characteristics that support the preparation of professionals and led to educational reforms. The physical therapy profession has not had any in-depth, national investigation of physical therapist education since the Catherine Worthingham studies conducted more than 50 years ago...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585987/online-or-in-class-evaluating-an-alternative-online-pedagogy-for-teaching-transcultural-nursing
#15
Jessica H Ochs
BACKGROUND: Online learning formats are prevalent in current higher education. Given the changing student demographics and the drive for creativity in educating a technology-savvy student, it is imperative to incorporate innovative and alternative learning modalities to engage these students. METHOD: This pilot study was designed as a quality improvement program evaluation comparing the effects of an online learning module with traditional classroom delivery of transcultural nursing content using a posttest two-group survey design in associate degree nursing students...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581279/improved-software-to-browse-the-serial-medical-images-for-learning
#16
Koojoo Kwon, Min Suk Chung, Jin Seo Park, Byeong Seok Shin, Beom Sun Chung
The thousands of serial images used for medical pedagogy cannot be included in a printed book; they also cannot be efficiently handled by ordinary image viewer software. The purpose of this study was to provide browsing software to grasp serial medical images efficiently. The primary function of the newly programmed software was to select images using 3 types of interfaces: buttons or a horizontal scroll bar, a vertical scroll bar, and a checkbox. The secondary function was to show the names of the structures that had been outlined on the images...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579208/louis-delasiauve-1804-1893-an-alienist-at-the-dawn-of-epileptology-and-pediatric-psychiatry
#17
REVIEW
O Walusinski
This paper aims to honor the memory of the alienist Louis Delasiauve (1804-1893). His classification of the different types of epilepsy based on clinical symptoms is still relevant today and made him a precursor of contemporary epileptology. In 1851, Delasiauve clinically and etiologically isolated 'acute mental confusion' (acute confusional state) from all other forms of dementia. Never deviating from his republican and progressive ideals, he devoted himself throughout the 19th century to treating those insane asylum patients who received the poorest care: epileptics and children with intellectual disabilities...
June 1, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562817/continuing-education-in-health-from-the-perspective-of-augustine-of-hippo
#18
Fabíola Chaves Fernandes, Elaine Antunes Cortez, Daniel Laprovita, Lidiane Peixoto de Almeida, Aline Figueiredo Ferreira, Marcos Paulo Fonseca Corvino
Objective: To reflect about continuing education from the perspective of Augustine of Hippo and his theories based on the construction of knowledge and the learning process. Method: This is a theoretical reflection study whose aim is to propose dimensions of analysis, emphasizing the history and challenges of continuing education. Such dimensions analyze the production of knowledge in Augustinian pedagogy, its historical aspects and its close relationship with lifelong education in health professions...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552022/international-infectious-diseases-teaching-to-undergraduate-medical-students-a-successful-european-collaborative-experience
#19
Caroline Charlier, Ingólfur Johannessen, Claire L Mackintosh, David Wilks, Roberto Cauda, Federica I Wolf, Claire Le Jeunne
CONTEXT: The emerging global-health paradigm requires medical teaching to be continuously redefined and updated; to this end, transnational approaches should be encouraged and medical training harmonized. Infectious diseases (ID) teaching in the current context of emerging infections, fast-increasing bacterial resistance and large-scale human migration, was chosen to develop a common international course. OBJECTIVE: We report the successful implementation of a joint European undergraduate course aiming to (i) develop a common ID core curriculum among European medical schools; (ii) promote mobility among teachers and students (iii) promote international cooperation among European teachers...
May 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551105/early-preschool-environments-and-gender-effects-of-gender-pedagogy-in-sweden
#20
Kristin Shutts, Ben Kenward, Helena Falk, Anna Ivegran, Christine Fawcett
To test how early social environments affect children's consideration of gender, 3- to 6-year-old children (N=80) enrolled in gender-neutral or typical preschool programs in the central district of a large Swedish city completed measures designed to assess their gender-based social preferences, stereotypes, and automatic encoding. Compared with children in typical preschools, a greater proportion of children in the gender-neutral school were interested in playing with unfamiliar other-gender children. In addition, children attending the gender-neutral preschool scored lower on a gender stereotyping measure than children attending typical preschools...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
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