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Pedagogy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#1
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914357/moving-toward-heutagogical-learning-illuminating-undergraduate-nursing-students-experiences-in-a-flipped-classroom
#2
Rebecca D Green, Maura C Schlairet
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators rely on the tenets of educational theory and evidence-based education to promote the most effective curriculum and facilitate the best outcomes. The flipped classroom model, in which students assume personal responsibility for knowledge acquisition in a highly engaging and interactive environment, supports self-directed learning and the unique needs of clinical education. OBJECTIVE: To understand how students perceived their experiences in the flipped classroom and how students' learning dispositions were affected by the flipped classroom experience...
November 25, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909018/does-the-room-matter-active-learning-in-traditional-and-enhanced-lecture-spaces
#3
Jon R Stoltzfus, Julie Libarkin
SCALE-UP-type classrooms, originating with the Student-Centered Active Learning Environment with Upside-down Pedagogies project, are designed to facilitate active learning by maximizing opportunities for interactions between students and embedding technology in the classroom. Positive impacts when active learning replaces lecture are well documented, both in traditional lecture halls and SCALE-UP-type classrooms. However, few studies have carefully analyzed student outcomes when comparable active learning-based instruction takes place in a traditional lecture hall and a SCALE-UP-type classroom...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899828/pharmacy-educator-motives-to-pursue-pedagogical-knowledge
#4
Patricia Baia, Aimee F Strang
Objective. To investigate motives of pharmacy educators who pursue pedagogical knowledge through professional development programs and to develop a model of motivation to inform future development. Methods. A mixed-methods approach was used to study both qualitative and quantitative data. Written narratives, postmodule quizzes, and survey data were collected during a 5-year period (2010-2014) from pharmacy educators who participated in an online professional development program titled Helping Educators Learn Pedagogy (HELP)...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885702/when-i-say-%C3%A2-critical-pedagogy
#5
John Sandars
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873404/the-show-must-go-on-patients-props-and-pedagogy-in-the-theatre-of-the-osce
#6
Gerard J Gormley, Brian D Hodges, Nancy McNaughton, Jennifer L Johnston
 According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed checklists and global rating scales, the OSCE sets out to facilitate the assessment of a candidate's competence in a highly standardised and objective fashion. Despite this clear intention, OSCEs also offer a rich vein of (often unacknowledged) social and cultural processes...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846120/gross-anatomy-curricula-and-pedagogical-approaches-for-undergraduate-physiotherapy-students-a-scoping-review-protocol
#7
Dorothy Shead, Ronel Roos, Benita Olivier, Amadi O Ihunwo
This scoping review seeks to collate and describe the body of existing literature pertaining to curricula and pedagogies used in the gross anatomy education of undergraduate physiotherapy students.Specifically, the review questions are as follows.
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843547/fighting-poor-quality-medicines-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-importance-of-advocacy-and-pedagogy
#8
EDITORIAL
Raffaella Ravinetto, Daniel Vandenbergh, Cécile Macé, Corinne Pouget, Brigitte Renchon, Jean Rigal, Benedetta Schiavetti, Jean-Michel Caudron
The globalization of pharmaceutical production has not been accompanied by a strengthening and harmonization of the regulatory systems worldwide. Thus, the global market is characterized today by a situation of multiple standards, and patients in low- and middle-income countries are exposed to the risk of receiving poor-quality medicines. Among those who first raised the alarm on this problem, there were pioneering humanitarian groups, who were in a privileged position to witness the gap in quality of medicines between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835836/recommendations-for-teaching-upon-sensitive-topics-in-forensic-and-legal-medicine-in-the-context-of-medical-education-pedagogy
#9
Kieran M Kennedy, Stacey Scriver
Undergraduate medical curricula typically include forensic and legal medicine topics that are of a highly sensitive nature. Examples include suicide, child abuse, domestic and sexual violence. It is likely that some students will have direct or indirect experience of these issues which are prevalent in society. Those students are vulnerable to vicarious harm from partaking in their medical education. Even students with no direct or indirect experience of these issues may be vulnerable to vicarious trauma, particularly students who are especially empathetic to cases presented...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830633/linking-language-and-categorization-in-infancy
#10
Brock Ferguson, Sandra Waxman
Language exerts a powerful influence on our concepts. We review evidence documenting the developmental origins of a precocious link between language and object categories in very young infants. This collection of studies documents a cascading process in which early links between language and cognition provide the foundation for later, more precise ones. We propose that, early in life, language promotes categorization at least in part through its status as a social, communicative signal. But over the first year, infants home in on the referential power of language and, by their second year, begin teasing apart distinct kinds of names (e...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826267/social-pre-treatment-modulates-attention-allocation-to-transient-and-stable-object-properties
#11
Katalin Oláh, Fruzsina Elekes, Borbála Turcsán, Orsolya Kis, József Topál
Increasing evidence suggests that ostensive-communicative signals in social learning situations enable observers to focus their attention on the intrinsic features of an object (e.g., color) at the expense of ignoring transient object properties (e.g., location). Here we investigated whether off-line social cues, presented as social primes, have the same power to modulate attention allocation to stable and transient object properties as on-line ostensive-communicative cues. The first part of the experiment consisted of a pre-treatment phase, where adult male participants either received intensive social stimulation or were asked to perform non-social actions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813682/challenges-in-translation-lessons-from-using-business-pedagogy-to-teach-leadership-in-undergraduate-medicine
#12
Dani C Cadieux, Lorelei Lingard, Daniela Kwiatkowski, Teresa Van Deven, Murray Bryant, Gary Tithecott
PROBLEM: Leadership is increasingly recognized as a core physician competency required for quality patient care, continual system improvement, and optimal healthcare team performance. Consequently, integration of leadership into medical school curriculum is becoming a priority. This raises the question of the appropriate context, timing, and pedagogy for conveying this competency to medical students. INTERVENTION: Our program introduced a 1-week leadership course grounded in business pedagogy to Year 1 medical students...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810871/encouragement-for-faculty-to-implement-vision-and-change
#13
Caylyn Harvey, Kristen Eshleman, Kyosung Koo, Kevin G Smith, Christopher J Paradise, A Malcolm Campbell
The seminal report Vision and Change outlined improvements necessary for undergraduate biology courses to accomplish widely recognized learning objectives. Over the past 8 years, we have developed a two-semester introductory biology course that incorporates the core concepts and competencies recommended in Vision and Change Using published research on how students learn, we focused our efforts on three main areas of change: pedagogy, course content, and technology. We introduced active-learning strategies to improve our classroom environments, wrote an e-textbook that provides students with the tools they need to construct their own knowledge, and employed an online learning hub to assist students who needed extra support...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810632/satisfaction-and-self-confidence-with-nursing-clinical-simulation-novice-learners-medium-fidelity-and-community-settings
#14
Jaclynn Lubbers, Carol Rossman
BACKGROUND: Simulation is fast becoming a normative pedagogy for a portion of clinical time in undergraduate nursing programs in the U.S. Studies have shown positive outcomes in increasing self-confidence and satisfaction with simulation. The questions remain as to which fidelity of simulation best matches which learners, how early can simulation begin with novice students, and in which contexts can simulation be best used for these early learners. This study was undertaken to find out if novice students were able to demonstrate increased satisfaction and self-confidence with medium fidelity simulation in community based roles, as these students have no knowledge of acute care skills at this point in their learning...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809593/levels-and-patterns-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-superdiverse-adolescents-in-east-london-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Whitney B Curry, Symeon Dagkas, Marcia Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) habits of adolescents from superdiverse communities in the UK. The objectives of this study are to examine and report the patterns of PA/ST among adolescents in East London living in superdiverse communities, to identify opportunities/barriers to PA and inform policy/practice. DESIGN: A total of 1260 young people (aged 11-13 years) from seven secondary schools in East London completed a questionnaire on PA/ST over the past seven days as part of the Newham's Every Child a Sports Person (NECaSP) intervention...
November 3, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790608/adapting-to-the-needs-of-the-public-health-workforce-an-integrated-case-based-training-program
#16
Shannon L Sibbald, Mark Speechley, Amardeep Thind
The goal of any public health education at the Masters level is to transmit knowledge and skills to meet current and future public health challenges. We suggest an innovative multi-modal approach to public health education using a case-based pedagogy combined with competency-based curriculum and a team-based approach to foster truly experiential learning. We describe each pedagogical approach in connection to the relevance of optimal methods for training public health professionals. Western University's Schulich Interfaculty Masters of Public Health (MPH) program (ON, Canada) provides a unique interprofessional education through case-based learning and competency-based curriculum...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789531/the-benefits-of-peer-review-and-a-multisemester-capstone-writing-series-on-inquiry-and-analysis-skills-in-an-undergraduate-thesis
#17
K F Weaver, V Morales, M Nelson, P F Weaver, A Toledo, K Godde
This study examines the relationship between the introduction of a four-course writing-intensive capstone series and improvement in inquiry and analysis skills of biology senior undergraduates. To measure the impact of the multicourse write-to-learn and peer-review pedagogy on student performance, we used a modified Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education rubric for Inquiry and Analysis and Written Communication to score senior research theses from 2006 to 2008 (pretreatment) and 2009 to 2013 (intervention)...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770019/implementers-perspectives-on-fidelity-of-implementation-teach-every-single-part-or-be-right-with-the-curriculum
#18
Stacey Cutbush, Deborah Gibbs, Kathleen Krieger, Monique Clinton-Sherrod, Shari Miller
Fidelity of implementation is an essential factor in realizing outcomes of evidence-based interventions. Yet perspectives vary on the degree to which fidelity is necessary or desirable, implementers may receive limited guidance on fidelity, and research on implementers' understanding and operationalization of fidelity is lacking. We conducted key informant interviews with 20 individuals who implemented an evidence-based teen dating violence prevention curriculum in seven sites. Interviews addressed how implementers defined fidelity and the adaptations they made in implementing the curriculum...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756928/a-randomized-crossover-comparison-of-team-based-learning-and-lecture-format-on-learning-outcomes
#19
Barry E Bleske, Tami L Remington, Trisha D Wells, Kristin C Klein, Sally K Guthrie, Jeffrey M Tingen, Vincent D Marshall, Michael P Dorsch
Objective. To compare learning outcomes and student confidence between team-based learning (TBL) and lecture. Methods. A crossover study was conducted with 30 students divided into two sections. Each section was taught six therapeutic topics (three TBL and three lecture). There were two assessments of 24 questions each. A survey (Likert scale) assessing student confidence and attitudes was administered at the end. Results. A significantly higher overall examination score was observed for TBL as compared to lecture...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740891/g-stanley-hall-child-study-and-the-american-public
#20
Jacy L Young
In the final decades of the 19th century psychologist Granville Stanley Hall was among the most prominent pedagogical experts in the nation. The author explores Hall's carefully crafted persona as an educational expert, and his engagements with the American public, from 1880 to 1900, arguably the height of his influence. Drawing from accounts of Hall's lecture circuit in the popular press, a map of his talks across the nation is constructed to assess the geographic scope of his influence. These talks to educators on the psychology underlying childhood and pedagogy, and his views and research on child life more generally, were regularly discussed in newspapers and popular periodicals...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
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