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Wesley D Allen
The overarching analytic integrated rate equation for the chemical kinetics of any reversible or irreversible reaction involving an arbitrary number of species and any integral orders is shown to be [EQN1], where ξ(t) is the extent of reaction variable, the fi are roots of a polynomial of order r, the exponents are determined by [EQN2] , and F0 is a factor involving the stoichiometric coefficients and rate constants (k± ). All integrated rate equations of elementary reactions appearing in chemical kinetics are special cases of this universal solution...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Jackson Katz
This article outlines the origins, philosophy, and pedagogy of the Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP) program, which has played a significant role in the gender violence prevention field since its inception in 1993. MVP was one of the first large-scale programs to target men for prevention efforts, as well as the first to operate systematically in sports culture and the U.S. military. MVP also introduced the "bystander" approach to the field. MVP employs a social justice, gender-focused approach to prevention...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
Jackson Katz
In this article, the author responds to three commentaries about his article "Bystander Training as Leadership Training: Notes on the Origins, Philosophy, and Pedagogy of the Mentors in Violence Prevention Model," published in this volume. Topics covered in the commentaries and response include questions about evaluation and evidence for program effectiveness; the necessity for gender violence prevention education to be gender transformative and part of a comprehensive, multilevel prevention approach, especially for adolescents; and the degree to which Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP), as a "social justice"-oriented program, incorporates intersectional and anti-oppression frameworks and perspectives...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
Elizabeth Wilmerding, Mari Knuth-Bouracee, Jeffrey L Edleson
This article offers reflections on the article "Bystander Training as Leadership Training: Notes on the Origins, Philosophy and Pedagogy of the Mentors in Violence Prevention Model" by Jackson Katz in this issue of Violence Against Women. The authors rely on their unique perspectives in varying roles at the University of California (UC) Berkeley, as well as on relevant social science and social justice research. The article explores five themes of violence prevention and anti-oppression work: leadership, social justice, gender identity, issues of identity and status, and diffusion of innovation...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
M Althuizius, G Lefer, P Bourdon, S Lopez Cazaux
BACKGROUND: The oral diseases of people with disabilities are the same as those observed in the general population but occur earlier and more intensely. Primary prevention, especially toothbrushing, is at the forefront of the appropriate management of these patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of a digital application on iPad® as mediator for learning toothbrushing in children with disabilities. METHODS: Twelve children from a care-center were included in this preliminary study...
March 9, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Donghua Tao, Connie J Evashwick, Michal Grivna, Roger Harrison
The aim of this scoping review was to identify and characterize the recent literature pertaining to the education of the public health workforce worldwide. The importance of preparing a public health workforce with sufficient capacity and appropriate capabilities has been recognized by major organizations around the world (1). Champions for public health note that a suitably educated workforce is essential to the delivery of public health services, including emergency response to biological, manmade, and natural disasters, within countries and across the globe...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Leena Paakkari, Shanti George
BACKGROUND: Schools are seen as crucial environments to influence and develop the health literacy of new generations, but without sufficient reflection on the ethical underpinnings of intentions and interventions around health literacy. In contrast, we argue here that ethics are fundamental to all education. The article adopts a 'One world' approach that generalizes broadly across the so-called Global North and Global South. It also generalizes across various age groups among school pupils, advocating age appropriate application of the arguments advanced...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Janet A Levey
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the use of universal design for instruction (UDI) in nursing education. BACKGROUND: Educators seek to employ innovative pedagogies accessible to diverse learners across learning environments. UDI, an inclusive strategy for meeting this goal is not well known in nursing education. METHOD: An integrative review was used to meet the study's aim. Five databases were searched for literature published between 2000 and 2013...
March 2, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Cara Gallegos, Hannah Nakashima
BACKGROUND: Engaging nursing students in theoretical courses, such as research, can be challenging. Innovative instructional strategies are essential to engage nursing students in theoretical nursing courses. METHOD: This article describes an educational innovation using technology as a tool in an undergraduate nursing research class. All students in the course received iPads for the semester. Lecture material was presented in class using Nearpod, an interactive presentation embedded with slides, multimedia components, and learning activities...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Karen E Pinder, Jennifer A Shabbits
BACKGROUND: The past decade has witnessed successful expansion, distribution and curricular renewal at the University of British Columbia (UBC) medical school. The expansion and distribution of the medical program doubled enrollment and established the first North American medical school training students across multiple geographical locations. The more recent competency-based curriculum renewal demonstrates sustained innovation within UBC medicine. AIMS: This paper describes that a significant contributor to these successes has been a team of teaching faculty whose exclusive roles have been providing curricular support...
March 5, 2018: Medical Teacher
Noomi Matthiesen
This paper argues that the neo-liberal work of schooling includes a focus on producing subjectivities with a high level of well-being. This is done by drawing on evidence based therapeutic techniques that are adjusted to a school setting. These are termed 'therapeutic socio-educational technologies. It is argued that these practices adhere to the neo-liberal logic of increased competition, standardization and testing, focusing on the individual child. There are a number of problems connected to these well-being enhancing technologies...
March 3, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
O Kérourédan, R Smirani, D Oriez, J F Péli, D Seux, A Quinton, R Devillard
INTRODUCTION: Academic dental educators play a major role in training future dentists. They help students to develop medical knowledge and behavioural skills that improve the quality and rigor of their future practice. Therefore, their experience and knowledge are critical to ensure effective learning. However, a French national workshop revealed that most junior assistant professors lack educational skills at the beginning of their career. The aim of this study was to assess educational training needs of junior assistant professors in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Kristy J Wilson, Cynthia J Brame
Evidence-based teaching practices are being encouraged to increase student skills and understanding in the sciences. Finding, interpreting, and applying education literature to a specific context are barriers to adopting these evidence-based practices. Here, we introduce a new feature, Evidence-Based Teaching Guides This feature identifies literature associated with specific pedagogies, which we distill to practical recommendations for teaching. The goals of the feature are: to provide instructors with tools to make research-supported choices to implement the pedagogy in question, to articulate the reasons for their choices, and to develop increased awareness of biology education research...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
Syeda Sadia Fatima, Fazal Manzoor Arain, Syed Ather Enam
Objective: In this study we implemented the "flipped classroom" model to enhance active learning in medical students taking neurosciences module at Aga Khan University, Karachi. Methods: Ninety eight undergraduate medical students participated in this study. The study was conducted from January till March 2017. Study material was provided to students in form of video lecture and reading material for the non-face to face sitting, while face to face time was spent on activities such as case solving, group discussions, and quizzes to consolidate learning under the supervision of faculty...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Michele M McKelvey
Swanson's (1991) middle range theory of caring has traditionally been used to define the care of patients and family members. Swanson's caring theory outlines five caring processes: knowing, being with, doing for, enabling, and maintaining belief (p. 163). Nurse educators can utilize these caring processes to teach nursing students by cultivating meaningful, healing relationships. This article presents an example of a nursing faculty member's application of this theory to her teaching pedagogy. This account serves to guide therapeutic teaching as well as to encourage further scholarly work examining the relationship between Swanson's caring theory and nursing education...
February 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Maria Mylopoulos, Paul Tonin, Stacey Bernstein, Pier Bryden, Marcus Law, Jana Lazor, Richard Pittini, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Glendon R Tait, Patricia Houston
RATIONALE: There are perennial calls for MD curricula to reform in order to meet the changing needs of students, patients, and society. And yet, efforts at renewal have also been suggested to have minimal impact on the pedagogy and outcomes of medical education. One reason may be misalignment between the components of the curriculum during design and implementation. The University of Toronto MD program recently renewed its undergraduate preclinical Foundations curriculum. Mindful of the pitfalls of misalignment, the renewal process focused deliberately on alignment between the various components of the curriculum: instructional methods, student assessment, faculty development, and the larger purpose of serving students and society...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
Philip C Nelson
Standard pedagogy introduces optics as though it were a consequence of Maxwell's equations and only grudgingly admits, usually in a rushed aside, that light has a particulate character that can somehow be reconciled with the wave picture. Recent revolutionary advances in optical imaging, however, make this approach more and more unhelpful: How are we to describe two-photon imaging, FRET, localization microscopy, and a host of related techniques to students who think of light primarily as a wave? I was surprised to find that everything I wanted my biophysics students to know about light, including image formation, x-ray diffraction, and even Bessel beams, could be expressed as well (or better) from the quantum viewpoint pioneered by Richard Feynman...
February 27, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Skjærven Lh, Mattsson M, Catalan-Matamoros D, Parker A, Gard G, Gyllensten Al
Physiotherapists are facing complex health challenges in the treatment of persons suffering from long-lasting musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapy approach within the movement awareness domain developed to bridge physical, mental, and relational health challenges. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. A consensus-building process was conducted using the nominal group technique (NGT)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Jason A Smith
Contemporary art can be a powerful pedagogical tool in the health humanities. Students in an undergraduate course in the health humanities explore the subjective experience of illness and develop their empathy by studying three artists in the context of the AIDS epidemic: Keith Haring, Felix Gonzalez-Torres, and Wolfgang Tillmans. Using assignments based in narrative pedagogy, students expand their empathic response to pain and suffering. The role of visual art in health humanities pedagogy is discussed.
February 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
Jaana-Maija Koivisto, Leena Hannula, Rikke Buus Bøje, Stephen Prescott, Andrew Bland, Leena Rekola, Päivi Haho
The purpose of this article is to introduce the concept of design-based research, its appropriateness in creating education-based models, and to describe the process of developing such a model. The model was designed as part of the Nurse Educator Simulation based learning project, funded by the EU's Lifelong Learning program (2013-1-DK1-LEO05-07053). The project partners were VIA University College, Denmark, the University of Huddersfield, UK and Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, Finland. As an outcome of the development process, "the NESTLED model for educating simulation facilitators" (NESTLED model) was generated...
February 7, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
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