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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324215/surgical-treatment-of-osteoporotic-thoraco-lumbar-compressive-fractures-the-use-of-pedicle-screw-with-augmentation-pmma
#1
Massimo Girardo, P Cinnella, G Gargiulo, P Viglierchio, A Rava, S Aleotti
INTRODUCTION: The osteoporosis prevalence in population is age related. The aim of this single-center observational study was evaluate the middle- to long-term performance of cement (PMMA) augmented fenestrated pedicle screws in elderly patients with thoraco-lumbar compressive fractures by osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2015 we treated 52 patients (20 males and 32 females) suffering from somatic osteoporotic fractures (T10-L2). The average age was 73...
March 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320144/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-findings-in-adults-with-tick-borne-encephalitis
#2
Alexander Pichler, Johann Sellner, Gayane Harutyunyan, Astrid Sonnleitner, Daniela Sabine Klobassa, Juan-Jose Archelos-Garcia, Hannah Rock, Thomas Gattringer, Franz Fazekas
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is often performed for differential diagnosis, but only a few reports on the morphologic changes in TBE patients and their relation to the disease severity exist. METHODS: We retrospectively searched for all TBE patients who were admitted to the Departments of Neurology of the Medical University of Graz (Austria) and the Paracelsus Medical University of Salzburg (Austria) between 2003 and 2014...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320115/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-in-puerperium-a-prospective-study
#3
Gian Paolo Anzola, Renato Brighenti, Milena Cobelli, Alessia Giossi, Sara Mazzucco, Silvia Olivato, Elisa Pari, Maria Paola Piras, Alessandro Padovani, Fabrizio Rinaldi, Giulia Turri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is characterized by severe "thunderclap" headache, with or without associated neurological symptoms and neuroimaging findings of reversible vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries. Puerperium is a recognized precipitant, but the incidence of puerperal RCVS is unknown. We conducted a prospective study to assess incidence, risk factors and clinical features of RCVS. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Nine-hundred consecutive puerperae were prospectively enrolled within three days of delivery...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296813/comparison-of-outcomes-between-c1-c2-screw-hook-fixation-and-c1-c2-screw-rod-fixation-for-treating-reducible-atlantoaxial-dislocation
#4
Bin Ni, Wenlong Zhao, Qunfeng Guo, Mei Zhang, Jinshui Chen, Xiang Guo, Xuhua Lu, Ning Xie
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study OBJECTIVE.: To compare the outcomes of C1-C2 transarticular screw with C1 laminar hook (TAS+ C1H) fixation and C1 trans-arch lateral mass screw with C2 pedicle screw (C1TLMS+ C2PS) fixation in the treatment of reducible atlantoaxial dislocation(AAD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TAS+ C1H is comparable to TAS with posterior wiring techniques and superior to C1 lateral mass screw combined with C2 pedicle screw (C1LMS+ C2PS) in biomechanics...
March 14, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293750/factors-affecting-the-surgical-outcomes-of-tethered-cord-syndrome-in-adults-a-retrospective-study
#5
Anas Abdallah, Erhan Emel, Betül Güler Abdallah, Murad Asiltürk, Özden Erhan Sofuoğlu
This study aimed to find the factors that may affect the surgical outcomes of congenital tethered cord syndrome (TCS) in adults by evaluating the long-term surgical outcomes of 25 consecutive cases. Medical records of 79 TCS cases which underwent surgery in Bakırköy Research and Training Hospital for Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry (BRSHH), during an 11-year period from 2005 to 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. All adult cases (patient age > 18 years) were selected as the core sample used for this study...
March 14, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291057/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-exposure-to-general-anesthesia-for-surgeries-and-procedures-a-population-based-case-control-study
#6
Juraj Sprung, Rosebud O Roberts, David S Knopman, Lauren L Price, Hunter P Schulz, Christie L Tatsuyama, Toby N Weingarten, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Ronald C Petersen, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to general anesthesia for procedures at age ≥40 years is associated with prevalent mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the elderly. METHODS: A case-control study nested within a population-based cohort. Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents, aged 70-91 years, underwent baseline evaluations that included the Clinical Dementia Rating scale, a neurologic evaluation, and neuropsychologic testing. Individuals identified with MCI (cases) at enrollment were matched 1:2 on age, sex, education, and apolipoprotein genotype with participants who were cognitively normal at the time of the index visit...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290466/incidence-of-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-czech-republic-a-prospective-epidemiological-study-2006-2015
#7
J Kriz, M Kulakovska, H Davidova, M Silova, A Kobesova
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of epidemiological data about acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in the Czech Republic over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). METHODS: A data collection system was implemented in the rehabilitation centres which provides care to patients with acute SCI in the Czech Republic. The recorded variables are as follows: age at time of SCI; gender; cause of injury; neurological level of injury (NLI); and its severity (ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS))...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288922/clinical-features-management-and-prognostic-factors-of-spontaneous-epidural-spinal-hematoma-analysis-of-24-cases
#8
Mengmeng Wang, Peizhi Zhou, Shu Jiang
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare neurosurgical emergency. It presents as acute spinal cord compression and usually requires surgical decompression. The patients who will benefit most from decompression surgery are unknown and the factors associated with prognosis remain controversial. The purpose of our study was to identify the clinical features, treatments, and main factors related to the prognosis of SSEH. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 24 patients treated for SSEH from September 2010 to January 2016 at West China Hospital...
March 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284856/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-children-with-spasmus-nutans
#9
Meredith Bowen, Jason Peragallo, Stephen F Kralik, Andrea Poretti, Thierry A G M Huisman, Bruno P Soares
BACKGROUND: Spasmus nutans (SN) is a rare pediatric ophthalmologic syndrome characterized by nystagmus, head bobbing, and abnormal head positioning. Historically, SN has been associated with underlying optic pathway gliomas (OPG); however, evidence of this association is based primarily on a small number of isolated case reports. Prior retrospective analyses have found the rate of OPG to be <2%, but these studies only intermittently used neuroimaging with computed tomography, which has limited sensitivity for detection of small lesions in the optic pathway...
March 8, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281034/synergistic-anticonvulsant-effects-of-pregabalin-and-amlodipine-on-acute-seizure-model-of-epilepsy-in-mice
#10
Itefaq Hussain Qureshi, Azra Riaz, Rafeeq Alam Khan, Afaq Ahmed Siddiqui
Status epilepticus is a life threatening neurological medical emergency. It may cause serious damage to the brain and even death in many cases if not treated properly. There is limited choice of drugs for the short term and long term management of status epilepticus and the dugs recommended for status epilepticus possess various side effects. The present study was designed to investigate synergistic anticonvulsant effects of pregabalin with amlodipine on acute seizure model of epilepsy in mice. Pentylenetetrazole was used to induce acute seizures which mimic status epilepticus...
March 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279774/conscious-sedation-versus-general-anesthesia-for-the-treatment-of-cerebral-aneurysms-with-flow-diversion-a-matched-cohort-study
#11
Christoph J Griessenauer, Hussain Shallwani, Nimer Adeeb, Raghav Gupta, Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, Myles D Boone, Ajith J Thomas, Christopher S Ogilvy
INTRODUCTION: Flow diversion has become a popular treatment option for a variety of cerebral aneurysms. We sought to compare conscious sedation and general anesthesia for flow diverter placement in a matched cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent flow diverter placement under conscious sedation were matched on the basis of age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, aneurysm location, and aneurysm size with patients who received general anesthesia...
March 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277419/complications-after-continuous-posterior-lumbar-plexus-blockade-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Catherine W Njathi, Rebecca L Johnson, Ruple S Laughlin, Darrell R Schroeder, Adam K Jacob, Sandra L Kopp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While benefits of regional anesthesia in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are well documented, data describing the incidence of complications related to the use of posterior lumbar plexus blockade for THA remain limited. Our primary aim was to evaluate the incidence of infectious, bleeding, and neurological complications related specifically to the use of continuous posterior lumbar plexus block for elective THA. METHODS: We reviewed the electronic medical records of all adult patients who underwent elective THA with continuous posterior lumbar plexus blockade between December 1, 2004, and April 30, 2015, using the Mayo Clinic Total Joint Registry...
March 8, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267222/clinical-presentation-diagnostic-findings-and-outcome-in-dogs-diagnosed-withpresumptive-spinal-only-meningoen-cephalomyelitis-of-unknown-origin
#13
I Cornelis, H A Volk, L Van Ham, S De Decker
OBJECTIVES: To summarise clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and long-term outcome for dogs clinically diagnosed with meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown origin affecting the spinal cord alone. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for dogs diagnosed with presumptive spinal-only meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown origin between 2006 and 2015. RESULTS: 21 dogs were included; the majority presented with an acute (43%) or chronic (52%) onset of neurological signs...
March 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267216/neurological-manifestations-in-dogs-naturally-infected-by-leishmania-infantum-descriptions-of-10-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
A P Giannuzzi, M Ricciardi, A De Simone, F Gernone
In order to evaluate possible nervous system involvement in canine leishmaniasis, retrospective evaluation of all medical records of leishmaniotic dogs exhibiting neurological signs referred to our hospital over a 5-year period was performed. The records of 10 dogs were reviewed. Depending on the neuroanatomical localisation, the dogs underwent advanced diagnostic imaging, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, electrodiagnostic testing and histopathologic evaluations. The final neurological diagnosis was: meningoencephalitis (n=2), brain haemorrhagic stroke (n=1), haemorrhagic choroiditis (n=1), meningomyelitis (n=2), ischaemic myelopathy (n=1), polymyositis (n=2) and peripheral neuropathy (n=1)...
March 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260956/in-flight-medical-emergencies-during-airline-operations-a-survey-of-physicians-on-the-incidence-nature-and-available-medical-equipment
#15
Jochen Hinkelbein, Christopher Neuhaus, Lennert Böhm, Steffen Kalina, Stefan Braunecker
BACKGROUND: Data on the incidence of in-flight medical emergencies on-board civil aircraft are uncommon and rarely published. Such data could provide information regarding required medical equipment on-board aircraft and requisite training for cabin crew. The aim of the present study was to gather data on the incidences, nature, and medical equipment for in-flight medical emergencies by way of a survey of physician members of a German aerospace medical society. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using unipark...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258284/the-pattern-of-the-syrian-refugee-s-injuries-managed-in-king-abdullah-university-hospital-jordan
#16
G R Qasaimeh, A M Shotar, S J A Alkhail, M G Qasaimeh
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the pattern, the magnitude, the severity, the distribution, and the results of the management of the injured Syrian refugees at King Abdullah University Hospital (KAUH). METHODS: The medical records of 90 consecutive injured Syrian patients admitted to KAUH at the beginning of the Syrian conflict in 2012-2013 were reviewed. Information regarding the age, the sex, the antomical regions, the organs injured, the operations performed, the complications, and the weapons used were recorded...
March 3, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254596/robot-assisted-stereotactic-biopsy-of-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-a-single-centre-experience
#17
Andrea Carai, Angela Mastronuzzi, Alessandro De Benedictis, Raffaella Messina, Antonella Cacchione, Evelina Miele, Franco Randi, Giacomo Esposito, Andrea Trezza, Giovanna Stefania Colafati, Alessandra Savioli, Franco Locatelli, Carlo Efisio Marras
BACKGROUND: Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) is a childhood tumor with dismal prognosis. Emerging molecular signatures have paved the way for stereotactic biopsy in selected Centers. We present our experience in DIPG stereotactic needle biopsy using the Robotic Stereotactic Assisted system (ROSA™) in a consecutive pediatric series. METHODS: All stereotactic biopsy procedures for DIPG performed during the last year at our Institution were considered. All procedures were carried out using the ROSA™ surgical assistant through a precoronary approach...
February 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248917/ischemic-stroke-in-young-adults-profile-of-sarah-hospital-bras%C3%A3-lia-from-2008-to-2012
#18
Vinícius V A Montanaro, Denise D S Freitas, Miguel C M Ruiz, Eduardo B U Cavalcanti, Patricia B C Marinho, Maria C D N B Freitas, Eleonora M J D Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: The societal and economic impact of ischemic stroke in young adults is considerable. The etiological investigation of ischemic stroke in this population is also challenging. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of young patients with ischemic stroke admitted to a neurological rehabilitation program in Brazil. METHODS: This transversal retrospective study analyzed data from the electronic health records of 134 patients aged 18 to 45 years with ischemic stroke admitted from 2008 to 2012...
March 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247440/clinical-features-imaging-characteristics-and-long-term-outcome-of-dogs-with-cranial-meningocele-or-meningoencephalocele
#19
K Lazzerini, R Gutierrez-Quintana, R José-López, F McConnell, R Gonçalves, J McMurrough, S De Decker, C Muir, S L Priestnall, L Mari, F Stabile, L De Risio, C Loeffler, A Tauro, C Rusbridge, S Rodenas, S Añor, C de la Fuente, A Fischer, A Bruehschwein, J Penderis, J Guevar
BACKGROUND: The term meningoencephalocele (MEC) describes a herniation of cerebral tissue and meninges through a defect in the cranium, whereas a meningocele (MC) is a herniation of the meninges alone. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical features, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics, and outcomes of dogs with cranial MC and MEC. ANIMALS: Twenty-two client-owned dogs diagnosed with cranial MC or MEC. METHODS: Multicentric retrospective descriptive study...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247113/management-of-eosinophilic-granuloma-in-pediatric-patients-surgical-intervention-and-surgery-combined-with-postoperative-radiotherapy-and-or-chemotherapy
#20
Zhenhai Zhou, Hongqi Zhang, Chaofeng Guo, Honggui Yu, Longjie Wang, Qiang Guo
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic granuloma (EG) of spine in pediatric patients presents kinds of clinical manifestation and a difficult management scenario. The choice of treatment, issues of surgical intervention versus conservative treatment, combination therapy or single treatment, all these factors, including neurological deficits, spinal stability, long-term complications, and continued skeletal growth, must be considered. METHODS: From 2008 to the 2015, 31 pediatric patients of spinal EG were retrospectively reviewed...
February 28, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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