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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633539/a-survey-on-chemical-constituents-and-indications-of-aromatic-waters-soft-drinks-hydrosols-used-in-persian-nutrition-culture-and-folk-medicine-for-neurological-disorders-and-mental-health
#1
Azadeh Hamedi, Ardalan Pasdaran, Zahra Zebarjad, Mahmoodreza Moein
In Persian nutrition culture, drinking aromatic waters (hydrosols, distillate) has a long history as functional beverages or therapeutic remedies. The co-distilled water with essential oils, which contains partial amounts of more water-soluble volatile compounds are diluted and used as beverages. Since the solubility of volatile components is different in water, the overall composition, and thus the biological activities of aromatic waters seem to be different from the essential oils they were co-distilled with...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629944/what-are-the-risk-factors-for-dislocation-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-multicenter-case-control-study-of-128-unstable-and-438-stable-hips
#2
M H Fessy, S Putman, A Viste, R Isida, N Ramdane, A Ferreira, A Leglise, B Rubens-Duval, N Bonin, F Bonnomet, A Combes, S Boisgard, D Mainard, S Leclercq, H Migaud
INTRODUCTION: Dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a leading reason for surgical revision. The risk factors for dislocation are controversial, particularly those related to the patient and to the surgical procedure itself. The differences in opinion on the impact of these factors stem from the fact they are often evaluated using retrospective studies or in limited patient populations. This led us to carry out a prospective case-control study on a large population to determine: 1) the risk factors for dislocation after THA, 2) the features of these dislocations, and 3) the contribution of patient-related factors and surgery-related factors...
June 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628911/a-carasil-patient-from-americas-with-novel-mutation-and-atypical-features-case-presentation-and-literature-review
#3
Muhammad Ibrahimi, Hiroaki Nozaki, Angelica Lee, Osamu Onodera, Raymond Reichwein, Matthew Wicklund, Mohammad El-Ghanem
OBJECTIVE: Reporting a novel mutation in the HTRA1 gene in a CARASIL patient from Americas. METHODS: Clinical presentation and neuroimaging were consistent with CARASIL. HTRA1 DNA sequencing was performed using advanced ("next generation") sequencing technology. The results revealed a homozygous missense mutation as c.616G>A (p.Gly206Arg) in the HTRA1 gene. RESULTS: A 24-year-old man with a history of chronic back pain presented with recurrent ischemic strokes...
June 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628542/a-rare-intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-from-a-retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma-presenting-as-a-non-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Andrew Lamberth Parker, Terrence Pugh, Mark A Hirsch
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare but well-recognized malignant soft tissue sarcoma of smooth muscle origin. Metastases commonly occur in the lungs, liver, kidney, brain, and bone. Cases of metastatic osseous lesions or other extradural space-occupying masses secondary to LMS leading to neurologic compromise are relatively commonplace in the literature. Conversely, cases of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), an unusual entity as a sequela of any cancer, are exceedingly rare as a consequence of LMS. Only 2 cases of an ISCM from LMS are currently documented in the literature, and to the best of our knowledge, no case is described in the rehabilitation literature...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624897/corrosion-of-harrington-rod-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-long-term-effects
#5
Beth Sherman, Tanya Crowell
PURPOSE: Metal implants have been used to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis since the 1960s. Only recently, however, it has the issue of metal-bone breakdown secondary to metal corrosion in situ come to light, raising concerns of possible long-term complications from the resulting metallosis and inflammation of spinal tissues. We present a case of a patient with neurological deficit, pain, and disability with Harrington rod in place for over 30 years, to bring attention to the issue of bio-corrosion of metal implants and its effect on human tissue...
June 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624324/risk-factors-for-rapid-glaucoma-disease-progression
#6
Thomas Chun Wai Chan, Chandra Bala, Anna Siu, Fiona Wan, Andrew White
PURPOSE: To determine the intraocular and systemic risk factor differences between a cohort of rapid glaucoma disease progressors and non-rapid disease progressors. DESIGN: Retrospective case control study Methods SETTING: Five private ophthalmology clinics STUDY POPULATION: 48 rapidly progressing eyes (progression ≥1dB mean deviation (MD)/year) and 486 non-rapidly progressing eyes (progression <1dB MD/year). Patients were eligible if they had a diagnosis of glaucoma from their ophthalmologist and if they had greater than or equal to 5 Humphrey visual fields (24-2) conducted...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623069/neonatal-hypoglycemia-a-wide-range-of-electroclinical-manifestations-and-seizure-outcomes
#7
Ebru Arhan, Zeynep Öztürk, Ayşe Serdaroğlu, Kürşad Aydın, Tuğba Hirfanoğlu, Yılmaz Akbaş
PURPOSE: We examined the various types of epilepsy in children with neonatal hypoglycemia in order to define electroclinical and prognostic features of these patients. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with a history of symptomatic neonatal hypoglycaemia who have been followed at Gazi University Hospital Pediatric Neurology Department between 2006 and 2015. Patients with perinatal asphyxia were excluded. Details of each patient's perinatal history, neurological outcome, epilepsy details, seizure outcome and EEG and brain MRI findings were reviewed...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621622/glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-treated-by-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-safety-and-efficacy-through-long-term-follow-up
#8
Benjamin Pommier, Gustavo Touzet, Christian Lucas, Maximilien Vermandel, Serge Blond, Nicolas Reyns
OBJECTIVE Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) is a rare and disabling condition. Just as for trigeminal neuralgia, Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is increasingly proposed as a therapeutic option for GPN. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term safety and efficacy of GKRS for this indication. METHODS From 2007 to 2015, 9 patients (4 male and 5 female) underwent a total of 10 GKRS procedures. All of the patients presented with GPN that was refractory to all medical treatment, and all had a long history of pain...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617385/-differential-diagnosis-of-cerebral-autosomal-dominant-arteriopathy-with-subcortical-infarcts-and-leukoencephalopathy
#9
A A Moroz, N Yu Abramycheva, M S Stepanova, R N Konovalov, S L Timerbaeva, S N Illarioshkin
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarctions and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited CNS disease, which is caused by mutations in the NOTCH3 gene. Selective disorders of small vessels underlie the disease pathogenesis. Clinically CADASIL is characterized by headaches, multiple stroke-like disorders (in most cases transient ischemic attacks and lacunar strokes), and different focal neurological symptoms and dementia. There are specific MRI signs of the disease: multiple lacunar infarctions located in the basal ganglia, brain steam and cerebellum, focal lesions of temporal poles, capsula externa, periventricular and subcortical areas; diffuse white matter changes and leukoaraiosis can be observed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616638/piriformis-muscle-syndrome-with-assessment-of-sciatic-nerve-using-diffusion-tensor-imaging-and-tractography-a-case-report
#10
Keizo Wada, Tomohiro Goto, Tomoya Takasago, Daisuke Hamada, Koichi Sairyo
Piriformis muscle syndrome (PMS) is difficult to diagnose by objective evaluation of sciatic nerve injury. Here we report a case of PMS diagnosed by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography of the sciatic nerve, which can assess and visualize the extent of nerve injury. The patient was a 53-year-old man with a 2-year history of continuous pain and numbness in the left leg. His symptoms worsened when sitting. Physical examination, including sensorimotor neurologic tests, the deep tendon reflex test, and the straight leg raise test, revealed no specific findings...
June 14, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611640/visual-loss-from-choroidal-melanoma-mimicking-neurological-syndromes
#11
Karim Hammamji, Ehud Reich, Amit Arora, Victoria M L Cohen, Mandeep S Sagoo
Melanoma of the eye is rare, but can mimic a range of disorders. This report highlights 2 cases of choroidal melanoma with vision loss mimicking neurological diagnoses. The first patient is a 41-year-old white male with a known history of multiple sclerosis and a previous episode of optic neuritis in the right eye, who presented with a 6-month history of decreased vision in the same eye, and occasional photopsiae. He was treated with 2 courses of oral steroids for presumed recurrent optic neuritis. After a temporary improvement in his symptoms, his vision worsened, following which he had a head MRI, which revealed a solid intraocular mass...
January 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611097/epidemiology-endovascular-treatment-and-prognosis-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-us-center-study-of-152-patients
#12
Kristin Salottolo, Jeffrey Wagner, Donald F Frei, David Loy, Richard J Bellon, Kathryn McCarthy, Judd Jensen, Christopher Fanale, David Bar-Or
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare cause of stroke that poses diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic challenges. Mainstay treatment is systemic anticoagulation, but endovascular treatment is increasingly advocated. Our objectives were to describe the epidemiology, treatment, and prognosis of 152 patients with cerebral venous thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a retrospective study of consecutive cerebral venous thrombosis cases from 2006 to 2013 at a comprehensive stroke center through hospital discharge...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606495/personality-traits-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-and-psychogenic-movement-disorder-pmd-neuroticism-and-perfectionism
#13
Vindhya Ekanayake, Sarah Kranick, Kathrin LaFaver, Arshi Naz, Anne Frank Webb, W Curt LaFrance, Mark Hallett, Valerie Voon
OBJECTIVE: Psychogenic movement disorder (PMD) and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are two subtypes of conversion disorder (CD). In this case-control study, we asked whether these subtypes varied as a function of personality and history of childhood abuse. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with PMD from the Human Motor Control Section Clinic at the National Institutes of Health, 43 patients with PNES from the Rhode Island Hospital Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology Division, and 26 healthy volunteers (HC) received a battery of neurological, psychiatric and psychological assessments, including the NEO Personality Inventory Revised (NEO PI-R), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire (TLEQ)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605485/follow-up-of-children-with-kernicterus-in-kano-nigeria
#14
Zubaida Ladan Farouk, Abdussalam Muhammed, Safiya Gambo, Maria Mukhtar-Yola, Shehu Umar Abdullahi, Tina M Slusher
Introduction: Acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE) is associated with long-term sequelae (kernicterus). It continues to be a significant issue in our region of Nigeria, accounting for much morbidity and mortality. Herein we report the outcome of neonates with ABE seen at our centre. Methodology: We established a surveillance of children who had ABE and returned to follow-up from prospective cases of ABE (2012-2014). ABE was diagnosed based on a bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction score of ≥ 1...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601537/trigeminocardiac-reflex-as-the-presentation-of-maxillary-sinus-adenocarcinoma
#15
Jason M Lunt, Ahmad Al-Taee, Rachna Rawal, Fred R Buckhold
The trigeminocardiac reflex is a brainstem reflex that manifests as sudden hemodynamic dysfunction including bradycardia, hypotension, hypopnea, and gastric hypermotility due to mechanical stimulation of the trigeminal nerve. Here, the trigeminocardiac reflex was part of the initial patient presentation that led to the diagnosis of maxillary adenocarcinoma. A 54-year-old male presented to the emergency department with a two-month history of right upper jaw pain. Vital signs included blood pressure of 68/48 mmHg, heart rate of 55, and oxygen saturation of 85%...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600054/prenatal-treatment-of-severe-fetal-hemolytic-disease-due-to-anti-m-alloimmunization-by-serial-intrauterine-transfusions
#16
Lin Li, Linhuan Huang, Guangping Luo, Yanmin Luo, Qun Fang
OBJECTIVE: Fetal hemolytic disease is a common cause of fetal hydrops and fetal morbidity and mortality. Despite its relatively low frequency, the anti-M IgG antibody is one of the causes of severe fetal anemia and intrauterine death; only a few cases have been reported. CASE REPORT: This is a case of a pregnant woman with a history of three intrauterine deaths. A diagnosis of severe fetal anemia attributed to anti-M alloimmunization was confirmed in her fifth pregnancy...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600040/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-nmdar-encephalitis-during-pregnancy-clinical-analysis-of-reported-cases
#17
Yan-Chao Shi, Xiu-Ju Chen, Hong-Mei Zhang, Zhen Wang, Da-Yong Du
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical features of 13 pregnant patients with anti-N-Methyl-d-Aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of thirteen reported cases was conducted for anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients during pregnancy. The clinical data were collected from papers published in PubMed prior to 16 February 2016. Statistical analysis of the data was performed, which encompasses the patients' age, past medical history, onset of symptoms, concomitant with ovarian teratomas, immunotherapy, outcomes of mothers and newborns...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598357/microcephaly
#18
REVIEW
Emily Hanzlik, Joseph Gigante
Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference more than two standard deviations below the mean for gender and age. Congenital microcephaly is present at birth, whereas postnatal microcephaly occurs later in life. Genetic abnormalities, syndromes, metabolic disorders, teratogens, infections, prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal injuries can cause both congenital and postnatal microcephaly. Evaluation of patients with microcephaly begins with a thorough history and physical examination. In cases of worsening microcephaly or neurological signs or symptoms, neuroimaging, metabolic, or genetic testing should be strongly considered...
June 9, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596693/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-cured-epilepsy-in-a-case-with-crohn-s-disease-the-first-report
#19
Zhi He, Bo-Ta Cui, Ting Zhang, Pan Li, Chu-Yan Long, Guo-Zhong Ji, Fa-Ming Zhang
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a promising strategy that involves reconstruction of gut microbiota. Recently, it has been considered as a treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) and certain neurological diseases. Here, to the best of our knowledge, we report the first case that used FMT to achieve remission of intestinal and neurological symptoms in a girl with CD and a 17-year history of epilepsy. During the 20 mo of follow-up, FMT has proved its efficacy in preventing relapse of seizures after withdrawing the antiepileptic drugs...
May 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594706/diagnosis-of-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-in-a-patient-referred-for-uncontrolled-hypertension-and-renal-dysfunction-a-case-highlighting-the-importance-of-proper-diagnostic-work-up-of-hypertensive-patients
#20
Pantelis A Sarafidis, Athanasios Bikos, Charalampos Loutradis, Stergios Tzikas, Efstratios Vakirlis, Eugenia Avdelidou, Dimitrios Zafeiriou, Aikaterini Papagianni, Vasileios Vassilikos
: We report a case of a 39-year-old woman with resistant hypertension and renal dysfunction. The patient was hospitalized 3 months earlier for dyspnea at the Department of Cardiology, where she was diagnosed with heart failure (left ventricle injection fraction: 25-30%), pulmonary hypertension, chronic kidney disease (serum creatinine: 1.58 mg/dl), and resistant hypertension and discharged with optimal heart failure treatment. At presentation to our clinic, apart from uncontrolled hypertension for more than 10 years and history of pre-eclampsia and fetal loss, the patient had obesity (BMI: 38 kg/m) and facial fibromas...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
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