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benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Alexander L Luryi, David Wright, Juliana Lawrence, Seilesh Babu, Michael LaRouere, Dennis I Bojrab, Eric W Sargent, John Zappia, Christopher A Schutt
PURPOSE: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) involving the horizontal and superior semicircular canals is difficult to study due to variability in diagnosis. We aim to compare disease, treatment, and outcome characteristics between patients with BPPV of non-posterior semicircular canals (NP-BPPV) and BPPV involving the posterior canal only (P-BPPV) using the particle repositioning chair as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients diagnosed with and treated for BPPV at a high volume otology institution using the particle repositioning chair...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Katharina Feil, Regina Feuerecker, Nicolina Goldschagg, Ralf Strobl, Thomas Brandt, Albrecht von Müller, Eva Grill, Michael Strupp
Background: Making the correct diagnosis of patients presenting with vertigo and dizziness in clinical practice is often challenging. Objective: In this study we examined the performance of the iPad based program me d x in the prediction of different clinical vertigo and dizziness diagnoses and as a diagnostic tool to distinguish between them. Patients and methods: The data collection was done in the outpatient clinic of the German Center of Vertigo and Balance Disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Kourosh Parham, George A Kuchel, Janet E McElhaney, Laura Haynes
OBJECTIVE: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with and could play a role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (iBPPV). Since otoconia degeneration contributes to iBPPV and a lack of vitamin D may impact otoconia structure and integrity, we proposed a negative association between vitamin D levels and levels of a proposed circulatory biomarker for otolithic degeneration, otolin-1. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical study...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
David Ulrich Seidel, Jonas Jae-Hyun Park, Andreas M Sesterhenn, Karel Kostev
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of dizziness- and vertigo-related diagnoses in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) practices in Germany and the associated demographic characteristics based on data from a representative nationwide practice database. METHOD: The study sample included patients from 138 ENT practices in Germany who received dizziness- and vertigorelated diagnoses (ICD-10 code) between January 2012 and December 2015. Collected parameters included age, sex, insurance status, prescribed medication (anatomical therapeutic chemical [ATC] class), and referrals to other specialists and hospitals...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Elshahat Ibrahem Ismail, Ashraf Elsayed Morgan, Mohamed Moustafa Abdeltawwab
OBJECTIVE: To check the value of home particle repositioning maneuver in the prevention of the recurrence of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (pc-BPPV). METHODS: In this study, patients diagnosed as unilateral posterior canal BPPV were selected following an accurate evaluation using video goggle VNG system. All patients were managed by particle repositioning maneuver (PRM). Patients were instructed to do home PRM once weekly for five years. Then, they were divided into two groups (according to choice of patient to do PRM)...
March 8, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Sung Kyun Kim, Ji Hoon Kim, Seung Sik Jeon, Seok Min Hong
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep quality has a number of significant negative effects on daytime function. However, few studies have examined sleep quality in patients with dizziness. Here, we investigated the potential association between sleep quality and various types of dizziness. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We examined dizziness and sleep disturbance in 237 patients experiencing dizziness using Korean versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI)...
2018: PloS One
A P Casani, N Cerchiai, E Navari
Lindsay and Hemenway syndrome is characterised by a posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo following a partial unilateral vestibular loss affecting the same side. The syndrome is caused by damage of structures innervated by the superior division of the vestibular nerve and perfused by the anterior vestibular artery; the detached otoconia can cause vertigo in the still intact posterior semicircular canal. The most recent vestibular instrumental techniques allow reaching an accurate topodiagnosis in case of peripheral vestibular failure...
February 28, 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
D Bouccara, F Rubin, P Bonfils, Q Lisan
Balance disorders presenting with symptoms of dizziness and vertigo are due to various diseases. Clinical approach gives the opportunity to identify emergency situations and most common causes, among them the first one being the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Oculomotor assessment is pertinent as major clinical orientation, particularly between peripheral and central diseases. These clinical findings support the respective indication of modern imaging and/or vestibular tests, focused on the direction of presupposed diagnosis...
February 26, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Ewa Zamysłowska-Szmytke, Sylwia Szostek-Rogula, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Balance assessment relies on symptoms, clinical examination and functional assessment and their verification in objective tests. Our study was aimed at calculating the assessment compatibility between questionnaires, functional scales and objective vestibular and balance examinations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 131 patients (including 101 women; mean age: 59±14 years) of the audiology outpatient clinic was examined. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, phobic vertigo and central dizziness were the most common diseases observed in the study group...
February 28, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
V T Pal'chun, O A Mel'nikov, Yu V Levina, A L Guseva
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of occurrence and clinical features of vertigo spells in the patients presenting with Ménière's disease (MD) associated with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with MD were available for the observation. All of them underwent the comprehensive examination that included the audiological study and vestibular tests, such as the Dix-Hallpike test and the roll-test for BPPV diagnostics...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Seongjun Choi, Hye Rang Choi, Hyunjoo Nahm, Kyujin Han, Jung Eun Shin, Chang-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the role of the bow and lean test (BLT) in the diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. METHODS: Between March 2015 and June 2017, we enrolled 113 patients with posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) BPPV, 74 patients with lateral semicircular canal (LSCC) canalolithiasis, 53 patients with LSCC cupulolithiasis, and 32 patients with light cupula...
February 26, 2018: Laryngoscope
Xiang Gu, Feilin Dong, Jianhua Gu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the curative effect of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 on the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Fifty BPPV patients diagnosed in the ENT Department of Anzhen Hospital from October 2015 to December 2016 were randomly selected as the treatment group, and treated with 0.25 µg 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 once per day, in addition to the routine diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, 50 BPPV patients in the same period were selected as the control group, and received the routine diagnosis and treatment...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Lisa Burrows
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) occurs in 14.5% of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and may require intervention on intensive care unit (ICU). A 61-year-old man was admitted to a spinal injury ICU with a traumatic C3 complete SCI following a mountain bike accident. Ventilated but stable he complained of severe dizziness on rolling, during personal cares, which lasted for 40 s. Clinical examination was limited due to the injury and ventilation. Subjective questioning, visio-ocular control and a modified Dix-Hallpike and roll tests confirmed a right posterior canalithiasis BPPV...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
C Y Gu, W W Han, Y Q Wu, Z Y Fan, C J Chen, H M Chen
Objective: To analyze the bone mineral density and serum osteocalcin levels in postmenopausal women with idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Methods: A total of 64 postmenopausal women with idiopathic BPPV were selected as the study group, and 98 postmenopausal healthy women were selected as the control group. Bone mineral density and serum osteocalcin levels were analyzed and compared between the groups.χ(2) test was used for numeration data and t test was used for measurement data. Results: The prevalence of osteoporosis or osteopenia in BPPV group 67...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Anna Marie Jilla, Richard A Roberts, Carole E Johnson
Audiologists are an integral part of the management of those with dizziness and vestibular disorders. However, little research has been performed on counseling approaches for patients who present with dizziness as a primary concern. Accordingly, it is important that audiology students are provided with didactic and experiential learning opportunities for the assessment, diagnosis, and management of this population. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common vestibular disorder among adults. Doctor of Audiology students, at a minimum, should be provided with learning opportunities for counseling patients with this particular disorder...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
Chan Joo Yang, Yehree Kim, Hwan Seo Lee, Hong Ju Park
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D with the occurrence and recurrence of BPPV. The records of 130 idiopathic BPPV patients (55±12 years old, 30 men and 100 women) and 130 age- and sex-matched controls who underwent bone mineral densitometry between April 2012 and September 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. We compared the BMD and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D between the patients and controls, and also compared the BMD between recurrent and non-recurrent BPPV groups...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
Maitreyi A Nair, Ajitkumar P Mulavara, Jacob J Bloomberg, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Helen S Cohen
People with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) probably have otoconial particles displaced from the utricle into the posterior semicircular canal. This unilateral change in the inertial load distributions of the labyrinth may result in visual dependence and may affect balance control. The goal of this study was to explore the interaction between visual dependence and balance control. We compared 23 healthy controls to 17 people with unilateral BPPV on the Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction and Balance on compliant foam with feet together, the Rod-and-Frame Test and a Mental Rotation Test...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
Jonathan A Edlow, Kiersten L Gurley, David E Newman-Toker
BACKGROUND: Dizziness, a common chief complaint, has an extensive differential diagnosis that includes both benign and serious conditions. Emergency physicians must distinguish the majority of patients with self-limiting conditions from those with serious illnesses that require acute treatment. OBJECTIVE OF THE REVIEW: This article presents a new approach to diagnosis of the acutely dizzy patient that emphasizes different aspects of the history to guide a focused physical examination with the goal of differentiating benign peripheral vestibular conditions from dangerous posterior circulation strokes in the emergency department...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kübra Çoban, Nilüfer Yiğit, Erdinç Aydın
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a clinical entity characterized by acute, brief paroxysmal attacks of rotational vertigo induced by head position changes. It is the most common peripheral vestibular pathology and is seen more frequently in women. However, to our knowledge, there is very limited data on the association between BPPV and pregnancy in both English and Turkish literature. We present four pregnant women diagnosed with BPPV for the first time during gestation and revise the etiological factors of BPPV and the role of pregnancy-related changes in BPPV...
June 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Jeong-Yoon Choi, Stefan Glasauer, Ji Hyun Kim, David S Zee, Ji-Soo Kim
Here we characterize persistent apogeotropic type of central positional nystagmus, and compare it with the apogeotropic nystagmus of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the lateral canal. Nystagmus was recorded in 27 patients with apogeotropic type of central positional nystagmus (22 with unilateral and five with diffuse cerebellar lesions) and 20 patients with apogeotropic nystagmus of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. They were tested while sitting, while supine with the head straight back, and in the right and left ear-down positions...
January 24, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
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