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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334631/internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-latent-transition-analysis-using-alspac-data
#1
Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Research examining the association between internalizing and externalizing dimensions of psychopathology has relied heavily on variable-centered analytical techniques. Person-centered methodologies complement the variable-centered approach, and may help explain the medium-to-large correlations that exist between higher order dimensions of psychopathology. What little person-centered research exists has been cross-sectional and utilized adult samples. The present study sought to take a person-centered approach to the modeling of psychiatric comorbidity during a key developmental phase; middle childhood through adolescence...
March 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334477/latent-classes-of-alcohol-problems-in-mauritian-men-results-from-the-joint-child-health-project
#2
Susan E Luczak, Carol A Prescott, Peter H Venables
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify latent classes of alcohol problems and their sociodemographic correlates in the east African nation of Mauritius. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were from the Joint Child Health Project, a longitudinal study of a 1969-1970 birth cohort of 1795 individuals. In mid-adulthood (M = 37 years), all available participants (n = 1206; 67% of the original cohort) were assessed for demographic characteristics, and lifetime drinkers were assessed for alcohol-related problems...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333576/epstein-barr-virus-lytic-reactivation-activates-b-cells-polyclonally-and-induces-activation-induced-cytidine-deaminase-expression-a-mechanism-underlying-autoimmunity-and-its-contribution-to-graves-disease
#3
Keiko Nagata, Keisuke Kumata, Yuji Nakayama, Yukio Satoh, Hirotsugu Sugihara, Sayuri Hara, Michiko Matsushita, Satoshi Kuwamoto, Masako Kato, Ichiro Murakami, Kazuhiko Hayashi
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that results in and is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, and the reactivation of persisting Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in B lymphocytes induces the differentiation of host B cells into plasma cells. We previously reported that some EBV-infected B cells had thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAbs) as surface immunoglobulins (Igs), and EBV reactivation induced these TRAb+EBV+ cells to produce TRAbs. EBV reactivation induces Ig production from host B cells. The purpose of the present study was to examine total Ig productions from B cell culture fluids and to detect activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and EBV latent membrane protein (LMP) 1 in culture B cells during EBV reactivation induction and then we discussed the mechanisms of EBV reactivation-induced Ig production in relation to autoimmunity...
March 23, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333532/characterizing-spouse-partner-depression-and-alcohol-problems-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#4
Christopher R Erbes, Mark Kramer, Paul A Arbisi, David DeGarmo, Melissa A Polusny
OBJECTIVE: Spouse/partners of military personnel demonstrate elevated levels of distress during military deployments, yet there is insufficient information about courses of adjustment over time. The current study identified trajectories of depression and alcohol use problems and predictors of those trajectories across the deployment cycle. METHOD: National Guard soldiers (N = 1973) and spouses/intimate partners (N = 1020) completed assessments of risk/protective factors and baseline measures of mental health functioning 2 to 5 months prior to soldiers' 1-year deployments (Time 1) to Kuwait/Iraq in support of Operation New Dawn or Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332337/profiles-of-physical-function-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-and-their-associations-with-mental-health-in-residents-of-assisted-living-facilities
#5
Saengryeol Park, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Nikos Ntoumanis, Andreas Stenling, Sally A M Fenton, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten
BACKGROUND: The current study used latent profile analyses to identify classes of older participants based on physical health, physical function, light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior, and then examined differences in mental health between these classes. METHODS: Eighty-five residents (M = 77.5 years old, SD = 8.2) from assisted living facilities participated. Light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior were assessed by accelerometers, physical function was measured using different tasks (mobility, grip strength, and spirometry), and body mass index was calculated...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332036/the-committed-intimate-partnerships-of-incarcerated-african-american-men-implications-for-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-and-prevention-opportunities
#6
Maria R Khan, Nabila El-Bassel, Carol E Golin, Joy D Scheidell, Adaora A Adimora, Ashley M Coatsworth, Hui Hu, Selena Judon-Monk, Katie P Medina, David A Wohl
Incarceration is thought to influence HIV transmission by disrupting partnerships that provide support and protect against sex risk-taking. Current correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs focus on marital partnerships, a minority of inmates' partnerships. Research on the sex partnerships of incarcerated African-American men and the types of partnerships most likely to protect against HIV-related sex risk is limited. Improved understanding can inform expansion of correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs to a greater proportion of protective partnerships and HIV risk reduction programs to partnerships vulnerable to sex risk...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329871/variations-in-social-network-type-membership-among-older-african-americans-caribbean-blacks-and-non-hispanic-whites
#7
Ann W Nguyen
Objectives: This study examined race differences in the probability of belonging to a specific social network typology of family, friends, and church members. Method: Samples of African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites aged 55+ were drawn from the National Survey of American Life. Typology indicators related to social integration and negative interactions with family, friendship, and church networks were used. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies, and latent class multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the influence of race, and interactions between race and age, and race and education on typology membership...
February 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329850/the-use-of-growth-mixture-modeling-for-studying-resilience-to-major-life-stressors-in-adulthood-and-old-age-lessons-for-class-size-and-identification-and-model-selection
#8
Frank J Infurna, Kevin J Grimm
Objectives: Growth mixture modeling (GMM) combines latent growth curve and mixture modeling approaches and is typically used to identify discrete trajectories following major life stressors (MLS). However, GMM is often applied to data that does not meet the statistical assumptions of the model (e.g., within-class normality) and researchers often do not test additional model constraints (e.g., homogeneity of variance across classes), which can lead to incorrect conclusions regarding the number and nature of the trajectories...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329841/using-latent-class-analysis-to-identify-profiles-of-elder-abuse-perpetrators
#9
Marguerite DeLiema, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zach D Gassoumis, Yongjie Yon, Ken J Conrad
Objectives: Research suggests that abuser risk factors differ across elder mistreatment types, but abuse interventions are not individualized. To move away from assumptions of perpetrator homogeneity and to inform intervention approaches, this study classifies abusers into subtypes according to their behavior profiles. Method: Data are from the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment administered to victims by Adult Protective Service (APS) in Illinois. Latent class analysis was used to categorize abusers (N = 336) using victim and caseworker reports on abusers' harmful and supportive behaviors and characteristics...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329825/socioeconomic-status-and-physical-functioning-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-chinese-people
#10
Lei Yang, Hanna Konttinen, Pekka Martikainen, Karri Silventoinen
Objectives: We aimed to assess the longitudinal associations of socioeconomic status and physical functioning using a large population-based survey data in China. Method: We used four waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2002-2011). Physical functioning was assessed by activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) measures. Socioeconomic status was assessed using educational attainment, occupational status, household income, financial resources, and access to health services...
February 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329792/types-of-non-kin-networks-and-their-association-with-survival-in-late-adulthood-a-latent-class-approach
#11
Lea Ellwardt, Marja Aartsen, Theo van Tilburg
Objectives: Integration into social networks is an important determinant of health and survival in late adulthood. We first identify different types of non-kin networks among older adults and second, investigate the association of these types with survival rates. Method: Official register information on mortality is combined with data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). The sample includes 2,440 Dutch respondents aged 54-85 at baseline in 1992 and six follow-ups covering a time span of 20 years...
October 17, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328280/assessment-of-differential-rater-functioning-in-latent-classes-with-new-mixture-facets-models
#12
Kuan-Yu Jin, Wen-Chung Wang
Multifaceted data are very common in the human sciences. For example, test takers' responses to essay items are marked by raters. If multifaceted data are analyzed with standard facets models, it is assumed there is no interaction between facets. In reality, an interaction between facets can occur, referred to as differential facet functioning. A special case of differential facet functioning is the interaction between ratees and raters, referred to as differential rater functioning (DRF). In existing DRF studies, the group membership of ratees is known, such as gender or ethnicity...
March 22, 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322525/-la-percezione-del-rapporto-ambiente-salute-secondo-i-dati-della-sorveglianza-progressi-delle-aziende-sanitarie-per-la-salute-in-italia-passi
#13
Letizia Sampaolo, Giulia Tommaso, Bianca Gherardi, Giuliano Carrozzi, Anna Freni Sterrantino, Marta Ottone, Carlo Alberto Goldoni, Nicoletta Bertozzi, Meri Scaringi, Lara Bolognesi, Maria Masocco, Stefania Salmaso, Paolo Lauriola
"OBJECTIVES: to identify groups of people in relation to the perception of environmental risk and to assess the main characteristics using data collected in the environmental module of the surveillance network Italian Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (PASSI). METHODS: perceptive profiles were identified using a latent class analysis; later they were included as outcome in multinomial logistic regression models to assess the association between environmental risk perception and demographic, health, socio-economic and behavioural variables...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319689/using-a-hybrid-subtyping-model-to-capture-patterns-and-dimensionality-of-depressive-and-anxiety-symptomatology-in-the-general-population
#14
Klaas J Wardenaar, Rob B K Wanders, Margreet Ten Have, Ron de Graaf, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Researchers have tried to identify more homogeneous subtypes of major depressive disorder (MDD) with latent class analyses (LCA). However, this approach does no justice to the dimensional nature of psychopathology. In addition, anxiety and functioning-levels have seldom been integrated in subtyping efforts. Therefore, this study used a hybrid discrete-dimensional approach to identify subgroups with shared patterns of depressive and anxiety symptomatology, while accounting for functioning-levels...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318338/latent-class-profiles-of-anxiety-symptom-trajectories-from-preschool-through-school-age
#15
Sarah J Kertz, Chad Sylvester, Rebecca Tillman, Joan L Luby
Anxiety typically arises early in childhood and decreases during school age. However, little is known about the earlier developmental course of anxiety in preschool, especially in at risk children, posing a clinically important problem. Given that anxiety in youth has a chronic course for some and also predicts later development of other mental health problems, it is important to identify factors early in development that may predict chronic anxiety symptoms. At-risk children (oversampled for depression) and caregivers completed 6 assessment waves beginning at preschool age (between 3-5...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318274/do-multiple-health-events-reduce-resilience-when-compared-with-single-events
#16
Ruth T Morin, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Fiona Maccallum, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: The impact of multiple major life stressors is hypothesized to reduce the probability of resilience and increase rates of mortality. However, this hypothesis lacks strong empirical support because of the lack of prospective evidence. This study investigated whether experiencing multiple major health events diminishes rates of resilience and increases rates of mortality using a large population-based prospective cohort. METHOD: There were n = 1,395 individuals sampled from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and examined prospectively from 2 years before 4 years after either single or multiple health events (lung disease, heart disease, stroke, or cancer)...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317414/anxiety-depression-and-the-suicidal-spectrum-a-latent-class-analysis-of-overlapping-and-distinctive-features
#17
Matthew C Podlogar, Megan L Rogers, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Bruno Chiurliza, Thomas E Joiner
Anxiety and depression diagnoses are associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. However, a categorical understanding of these associations limits insight into identifying dimensional mechanisms of suicide risk. This study investigated anxious and depressive features through a lens of suicide risk, independent of diagnosis. Latent class analysis of 97 depression, anxiety, and suicidality-related items among 616 psychiatric outpatients indicated a 3-class solution, specifically: (1) a higher suicide-risk class uniquely differentiated from both other classes by high reported levels of depression and anxious arousal; (2) a lower suicide-risk class that reported levels of anxiety sensitivity and generalised worry comparable to Class 1, but lower levels of depression and anxious arousal; and (3) a low to non-suicidal class that reported relatively low levels across all depression and anxiety measures...
March 20, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315809/identifying-attendance-patterns-in-a-smoking-cessation-treatment-and-their-relationships-with-quit-success
#18
Jolene Jacquart, Santiago Papini, Michelle L Davis, David Rosenfield, Mark B Powers, Georita M Frierson, Lindsey B Hopkins, Scarlett O Baird, Bess H Marcus, Timothy S Church, Michael W Otto, Michael J Zvolensky, Jasper A J Smits
BACKGROUND: While important for substance use outcomes, knowledge about treatment attendance patterns, and their relation with clinical outcomes is limited. We examined the association between attendance patterns and smoking outcomes in a randomized, controlled smoking cessation intervention trial. METHODS: In addition to standard smoking cessation treatment, participants were randomized to 15 weeks of an exercise intervention (n=72) or an education control condition (n=64)...
March 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315233/family-friend-and-media-factors-are-associated-with-patterns-of-weight-control-behavior-among-adolescent-girls
#19
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship of family, friend, and media factors on weight-control group membership at 15 years separately and in a combined model. METHODS: Subjects included 166 15 year girls. Latent class analysis identified four patterns of weight-control behaviors: non-dieters, lifestyle, dieters, and extreme dieters. Family (family functioning, priority of the family meals, maternal/paternal weight-teasing, and mother's/father's dieting), friend (weight-teasing and dieting), and media variables (media sensitivity and weekly TV time) were included as predictors of weight-control group membership...
March 17, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314060/-these-power-lines-make-me-ill-a-typology-of-residents-health-responses-to-a-new-high-voltage-power-line
#20
Jarry T Porsius, Liesbeth Claassen, Fred Woudenberg, Tjabe Smid, Danielle R M Timmermans
Little attention has been devoted to the potential diversity in residents' health responses when exposed to an uncertain environmental health risk. The present study explores whether subgroups of residents respond differently to a new high-voltage power line (HVPL) being put into operation. We used a quasi-experimental prospective field study design with two pretests during the construction of a new HVPL, and two posttests after it was put into operation. Residents living nearby (0-300 m, n = 229) filled out questionnaires about their health and their perception of the environment...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
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