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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643300/-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#1
Minhua Zheng, Junjun Ma
Since the emergence of minimally invasive technology twenty years ago, as a surgical concept and surgical technique for colorectal cancer surgery, its obvious advantages have been recognized. Laparoscopic technology, as one of the most important technology platform, has got a lot of evidence-based support for the oncological safety and effectiveness in colorectal cancer surgery Laparoscopic technique has advantages in terms of identification of anatomic plane and autonomic nerve, protection of pelvic structure, and fine dissection of vessels...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642910/influence-of-abutment-design-on-retention-of-metal-copings-cemented-to-implants
#2
Albano Porto da Cunha, Glauco Pereira Moysés, Ana Christina Claro Neves, Rafael Pino Vitti, Flávia Cardoso da Rosa Goulart, Laís Regiane da Siva-Concílio
Objective The study evaluated the influence of abutment design on the retention of implant-cemented metal copings. Material and methods Two abutments of the same system with the same indications, height and the total occlusal convergence, but of different designs were evaluated. Ten RN synOcta abutments (Straumann, Waltham, MA) and ten RN titanium solid abutments (Straumann, Waltham, MA) were tightened to 35 Ncm on 20 implant analogs previously placed in resin blocks. Twenty plastic burnout copings were waxed, included, cast and machined by a single operator...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642688/lower-functional-connectivity-of-the-periaqueductal-gray-is-related-to-negative-affect-and-clinical-manifestations-of-fibromyalgia
#3
Marie-Andrée Coulombe, Keith St Lawrence, Dwight E Moulin, Patricia Morley-Forster, Mahsa Shokouhi, Warren R Nielson, Karen D Davis
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is characterized by chronic widespread pain, muscle tenderness and emotional distress. Previous studies found reduced endogenous pain modulation in FM. This deficiency of pain modulation may be related to the attributes of chronic pain and other clinical symptoms experienced in patients with FM. Thus, we tested whether there is a link between the clinical symptoms of FM and functional connectivity (FC) of the periaqueductal gray (PAG), a key node of pain modulation. We acquired resting state 3T functional MRI (rsfMRI) data from 23 female patients with FM and 16 age- and sex- matched healthy controls (HC) and assessed FM symptoms with the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640271/a-massive-dead-disk-galaxy-in-the-early-universe
#4
Sune Toft, Johannes Zabl, Johan Richard, Anna Gallazzi, Stefano Zibetti, Moire Prescott, Claudio Grillo, Allison W S Man, Nicholas Y Lee, Carlos Gómez-Guijarro, Mikkel Stockmann, Georgios Magdis, Charles L Steinhardt
At redshift z = 2, when the Universe was just three billion years old, half of the most massive galaxies were extremely compact and had already exhausted their fuel for star formation. It is believed that they were formed in intense nuclear starbursts and that they ultimately grew into the most massive local elliptical galaxies seen today, through mergers with minor companions, but validating this picture requires higher-resolution observations of their centres than is currently possible. Magnification from gravitational lensing offers an opportunity to resolve the inner regions of galaxies...
June 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631551/apical-microleakage-in-root-canals-obturated-with-2-different-endodontic-sealer-systems-in-canine-teeth-of-dogs
#5
Chad W Lothamer, Ashley Anderson, Scott J Hetzel, Alex I Adrian, Christopher Snyder, Stephanie Goldschmidt, Jason W Soukup
An apical dye leakage test was utilized to compare 2 endodontic sealer systems commonly used in veterinary endodontic treatment. Rotary instrumentation followed by injection of 2 different sealers (GuttaFlow 2 and AH Plus) and a single master cone obturation technique were compared. Following obturation and restoration, specimens were immersed in India ink for 48 hours. A tooth mineral clearing technique was utilized to render the tooth samples transparent. Subsequently, the apices were evaluated for prevalence and magnitude of apical dye penetration under magnification...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629927/quick-freeze-deep-etch-electron-microscopy-visualization-of-the-mouse-posterior-pole
#6
Ebraheim N Ismail, Jeffrey W Ruberti, Goldis Malek
The mouse is one of the most commonly used mammalian systems to study human diseases. In particular it has been an invaluable tool to model a multitude of ocular pathologies affecting the posterior pole. The aim of this study was to create a comprehensive map of the ultrastructure of the mouse posterior pole using the quick-freeze/deep-etch method (QFDE). QFDE can produce detailed three-dimensional images of tissue structure and macromolecular moieties, without many of the artifacts introduced by structure-altering post-processing methods necessary to perform conventional transmission electron microscopy (cTEM)...
June 16, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628985/enhanced-polyhydroxyalkanoate-production-by-mixed-microbial-culture-with-extended-cultivation-strategy
#7
Long Huang, Zhiqiang Chen, Qinxue Wen, Duu-Jong Lee
Low biomass output is a crucial reason for low polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production in mixed microbial cultures (MMCs) PHA process. In this research, an extended cultivation strategy was proposed to rapidly expand the biomass yield of PHA accumulating MMCs and conserve the PHA accumulating ability simultaneously. High PHA content of the cultivated MMCs of 71.4% and 66.7% (higher than 62.1% of the seed biomass) in batch assays and biomass magnification of 43 and 52 were obtained after 10days of extended cultivation with and without sludge discharge, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628381/monoclonal-immunoglobulin-associated-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-characterized-by-organized-deposits-of-striated-ultra-substructures-a-case-report
#8
Shigeo Hara, Hiroyasu Tsukaguchi, Tastufumi Oka, Makiko Kusabe, Masayuki Mizui, Kensuke Joh
We herein report the case of a 64-year-old male who presented with progressive glomerulonephritis notable for organized and striated ultra-substructures. The patient was diagnosed with hypertension and proteinuria 3 years prior to admission and subsequently developed nephrotic syndrome and impairment of renal function. Laboratory tests did not reveal any evidence of infections or autoimmune diseases. Monoclonal gammopathy was not detected in serum or urine, although a small population of abnormal plasma cell clones was detected by flow cytometry...
June 19, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622581/assessment-of-atherosclerotic-luminal-narrowing-of-coronary-arteries-based-on-morphometrically-generated-visual-guides
#9
Rolf F Barth, David A Kellough, Patricia Allenby, Luke E Blower, Scott H Hammond, Greg M Allenby, L Maximilian Buja
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Determination of the degree of stenosis of atherosclerotic coronary arteries is an important part of postmortem examination of the heart, but, unfortunately, estimation of the degree of luminal narrowing can be imprecise and tends to be approximations. Visual guides can be useful to assess this, but earlier attempts to develop such guides did not employ digital technology. Using this approach, we have developed two computer-generated morphometric guides to estimate the degree of luminal narrowing of atherosclerotic coronary arteries...
May 30, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622398/axial-length-variation-impacts-on-superficial-retinal-vessel-density-and-foveal-avascular-zone-area-measurements-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#10
Danuta M Sampson, Peijun Gong, Di An, Moreno Menghini, Alex Hansen, David A Mackey, David D Sampson, Fred K Chen
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of image magnification correction on superficial retinal vessel density (SRVD) and foveal avascular zone area (FAZA) measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Participants with healthy retinas were recruited for ocular biometry, refraction, and RTVue XR Avanti OCTA imaging with the 3 × 3-mm protocol. The foveal and parafoveal SRVD and FAZA were quantified with custom software before and after correction for magnification error using the Littman and the modified Bennett formulae...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621278/assessment-of-root-resorption-and-root-shape-by-periapical-and-panoramic-radiographs-a-comparative-study
#11
Puneeta D Ahuja, Sheetal P Mhaske, Gaurav Mishra, Atul Bhardwaj, Ruby Dwivedi, Sachin B Mangalekar
INTRODUCTION: One of the common findings encountered by the clinician at the end of orthodontic treatment is the apical root resorption. Root resorption occurs to various degrees. A severe form of root resorption is characterized by shortening of root for more than 4 mm or more than one-third of the total tooth length. A low incidence rate of resorption is observed based on radiographic findings for the diagnosis of root resorption, panoramic radiography, and periapical radiography. Hence, we evaluated the accuracy of panoramic radiographic films for assessing the root resorption in comparison with the periapical films...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620896/video-assisted-endocrine-neck-surgery-state-of-the-art
#12
REVIEW
Luca Sessa, Celestino Pio Lombardi, Carmela De Crea, Marco Raffaelli, Rocco Bellantone
During the last two decades, several minimally invasive approaches for endocrine neck surgery have been developed. Minimally invasive video-assisted approaches (minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy and minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy) gained a quite large worldwide diffusion, maybe because these techniques combine the advantages related to the endoscopic magnification with those due to the close similarity with the conventional surgery that makes these surgical approaches reproducible and feasible in different surgical settings...
June 15, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617673/investigating-the-impact-of-sem-chamber-conditions-and-imaging-parameters-on-contact-resistance-of-in-situ-nanoprobing
#13
Juntian Qu, Xinyu Liu
In this paper, we investigate the impact of vacuum chamber conditions (cleanliness level and vacuum pressure) and imaging parameters (magnification and acceleration voltage) of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on the contact resistance of two-point in-situ nanoprobing of nanomaterials. Using two typical types of conductive nanoprobe, two-point nanoprobing is performed on silicon nanowires, during which changing trends of the nanoprobing contact resistance with the SEM chamber conditions and imaging parameters are quantified...
June 15, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616362/assessing-the-accuracy-of-foveal-avascular-zone-measurements-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-segmentation-and-scaling
#14
Rachel Linderman, Alexander E Salmon, Margaret Strampe, Madia Russillo, Jamil Khan, Joseph Carroll
PURPOSE: The foveal avascular zone (FAZ) is altered in numerous diseases. We assessed factors (axial length, segmentation method, age, sex) impacting FAZ measurements from optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography images. METHODS: We recruited 116 Caucasian subjects without ocular disease, and acquired two 3 × 3 mm AngioVue scans per each right eye (232 total scans). In images of the superficial plexus, the FAZ was segmented using the AngioVue semiautomatic nonflow measurement tool and ImageJ manual segmentation...
June 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615792/a-cmos-based-high-resolution-fluoroscope-hrf-detector-prototype-with-49-5-%C3%AE-m-pixels-for-use-in-endovascular-image-guided-interventions-eigi
#15
M Russ, A Shankar, S V Setlur Nagesh, C N Ionita, D R Bednarek, S Rudin
X-ray detectors to meet the high-resolution requirements for endovascular image-guided interventions (EIGIs) are being developed and evaluated. A new 49.5-micron pixel prototype detector is being investigated and compared to the current suite of high-resolution fluoroscopic (HRF) detectors. This detector featuring a 300-micron thick CsI(Tl) scintillator, and low electronic noise CMOS readout is designated the HRF-CMOS50. To compare the abilities of this detector with other existing high resolution detectors, a standard performance metric analysis was applied, including the determination of the modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectra (NPS), noise equivalent quanta (NEQ), and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) for a range of energies and exposure levels...
February 11, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613831/evidence-of-local-commensurate-state-with-lattice-match-of-graphene-on-hexagonal-boron-nitride
#16
Na Yeon Kim, Hu Young Jeong, Jung Hwa Kim, Gwangwoo Kim, Hyeon Suk Shin, Zonghoon Lee
Transition to a commensurate state changes the local symmetry periodicity on two-dimensional van der Waals superstructures, evoking distinctive properties far beyond individual layers. We investigate the morphology of moiré superstructures of graphene on hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) with a low twist angle (≈0°) through moiré fringe analyses with dark field transmission electron microscopy. The moiré fringes exhibit local variation, suggesting that the interaction between graphene and hBN depends on the stacking configuration and that local transition to the commensurate state occurs through the reduced crystalline mismatch (that is, by lattice stretching and twisting on the graphene lattices)...
June 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610148/the-italian-species-of-i-pritha-i-araneae-filistatidae-a-critical-revision-and-description-of-two-new-species
#17
Carlo Maria Legittimo, Enrico Simeon, Piergiorgio DI Pompeo, Alessandro Kulczycki
The species of Pritha Lehtinen, 1967 in Italy are revised for the first time, and a preliminary putative diagnosis for the genus is provided. Two new Italian species are described: Pritha parva sp. nov. (male and female) and P. sagittata sp. nov. (male and female). P. pallida (Kulczyński, 1897) and the type species P. nana (Simon, 1868) are entirely re-described. The copulatory organs, some other somatic characters and the habitus of each sex of the four Italian species are illustrated and photographed at high magnifications...
March 15, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602530/prospective-randomized-surgeon-blinded-comparison-of-standard-magnification-assumption-vs-magnification-marker-usage-for-preoperative-templating-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#18
Michael J Archibeck, Krishna R Tripuraneni, Joshua T Carothers, Daniel W Junick, Natalie R Munson, Cristina M Murray-Krezan
BACKGROUND: We undertook this prospective, randomized, surgeon-blinded study to compare the accuracy of using of a magnification marker on preoperative radiographs for templating vs using a standard 21% magnification. METHODS: One hundred consecutive total hip arthroplasties were randomized to preoperative templating using a 25-mm magnification marker (50 patients) or a standard 21% magnification (50 patients). Intraoperative data were collected regarding the actual and predicted size of the femoral and acetabular components...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601188/the-quality-of-fixed-prosthodontic-impressions-an-assessment-of-crown-and-bridge-impressions-received-at-commercial-laboratories
#19
Clayton T Rau, Vilhelm G Olafsson, Alex J Delgado, André V Ritter, Terry E Donovan
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated and quantified clinically detectable errors commonly seen in impressions sent to commercial laboratories and determined possible relationships between finish line errors and other factors involved. METHODS: The authors visited 3 large and 1 small commercial dental laboratories over a 12-month period. Three calibrated examiners evaluated the impressions. The examiners evaluated all impressions for errors by using ×2.5 magnification loupes under ambient room lighting without the aid of additional illumination...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599450/the-distribution-of-human-rectal-aberrant-crypt-foci-and-criteria-for-defining-the-counting-area
#20
Tetsuro Fujii, Eiji Sakai, Hirokazu Takahashi, Eiji Yamada, Hidenori Ohkubo, Takuma Higurashi, Atsushi Nakajima
Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are considered as a useful surrogate biomarker for colorectal cancer, although their biological significance still remains controversial. We conducted this study to clarify whether differences in the ACF counting area might have led to the discrepancies in the ACF counts among previous reports. A endoscopist proficient in ACF counting performed high-magnification chromoscopic colonoscopy in 45 subjects and investigated the distribution of ACF in four bowel segments (middle Houston valve to the dentate line and distal rectum 0-5, 5-10 and 10-15 cm)...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
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