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Orthostatic hypotension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647615/prevalence-and-associative-factors-of-orthostatic-hypotension-in-older-adults-results-from-the-well-being-of-the-singapore-elderly-wise-study
#1
Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Esmond Seow, Shirlene Pang, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Sherilyn Chang, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is commonly reported among older adults and is associated with an increased risk of mortality. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and investigate the possible associations between OH with sociodemographic variables, chronic medical conditions, health service utilisation, dementia and cognitive status among older adults residing in Singapore. METHODS: Data was collected from 2266 participants aged 60 years and older who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study in 2013...
June 15, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644253/spectrum-of-autonomic-nervous-system-impairment-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#2
Brent P Goodman, Amy Crepeau, Priya S Dhawan, Julie A Khoury, Lucinda A Harris
OBJECTIVE: To describe the spectrum of autonomic dysfunction in a uniformly evaluated cohort of patients with Sjögren syndrome. METHODS: A series of 13 patients underwent a comprehensive evaluation for suspected autonomic impairment, including a neurological examination, autonomic testing, and laboratory studies. A diagnosis of Sjögren syndrome was established as the cause of autonomic dysfunction in all. Clinical features, findings on autonomic testing, and laboratory results are described...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643170/predictors-and-incidence-of-orthostatic-headache-associated-with-lumbar-drain-placement-following-endoscopic-endonasal-skull-base-surgery
#3
Buqing Liang, Sathwik R Shetty, Sacit Bulent Omay, Joao Paulo Almeida, Shilei Ni, Yu-Ning Chen, Armando S Ruiz-Treviño, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic headache (OH) is a potential complication of lumbar drainage (LD) usage. The incidence and risk factors for OH with the use of lumbar drainage during endoscopic endonasal procedures have not been documented. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of post-procedure OHs associated with placement of LD in patients undergoing endoscopic endonasal procedures. METHODS: We prospectively noted the placement of LDs in a consecutive series of endoscopic endonasal skull base surgeries...
June 22, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626427/distinctive-steady-state-heart-rate-and-blood-pressure-responses-to-passive-robotic-leg-exercise-during-head-up-tilt-a-pilot-study-in-neurological-patients
#4
Amirehsan Sarabadani Tafreshi, Robert Riener, Verena Klamroth-Marganska
Introduction: Robot-assisted tilt table therapy was proposed for early rehabilitation and mobilization of patients after diseases such as stroke. A robot-assisted tilt table with integrated passive robotic leg exercise (PE) mechanism has the potential to prevent orthostatic hypotension usually provoked by verticalization. In a previous study with rather young healthy subjects [average age: 25.1 ± 2.6 years (standard deviation)], we found that PE effect on the cardiovascular system depends on the verticalization angle of the robot-assisted tilt table...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625940/prodromal-stage-of-disease-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-how-to-diagnose-in-practice
#5
Frédéric Blanc, Marc Verny
Disease with Lewy bodies or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), particularly at the prodromal stage, is a complex disease to diagnose because of different clinical beginnings and variable paths in terms of clinical expression. Thus DLB can be entcountered in different input modes: mild cognitive impairment, depression, acute behavioral disorders, confusion and delirium, or sleep disorders. In the aim to better diagnose the disease, should be sought obviously to search for the key symptoms: fluctuations, hallucinations, extra-pyramidal syndrome, and REM sleep behavior disorder...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623419/droxidopa-for-symptomatic-neurogenic-orthostatic-hypotension-what-can-we-learn
#6
EDITORIAL
Horacio Kaufmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623115/association-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-and-intracranial-hypotension-review-of-3-cases
#7
Leen Sinnaeve, Ludo Vanopdenbosch, Koen Paemeleire
Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare complication of intracranial hypotension. We describe 3 cases in which this phenomenon occurred, as a result of a lumbar puncture or due to a spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak. We emphasize the importance of early detection of the intracranial hypotension syndrome, the most common clinical manifestation being orthostatic headache. It is not an innocent condition as it is associated with other potential complications such as subdural hygroma/hematoma, cranial nerve palsies, cerebellar tonsillar descent, and even brainstem manifestations...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620980/case-of-autoimmune-autonomic-ganglionopathy-manifesting-anhidrosis
#8
Asuka Yoshifuku, Koichi Yoneda, Yusuke Sakiyama, Osamu Higuchi, Shunya Nakane, Takuro Kanekura
Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG), clinically characterized by gastrointestinal dysmotility, orthostatic hypotension and tonic pupils, is an idiopathic acquired disorder of the autonomic nervous system elicited by antibodies against ganglionic acetylcholine receptor (gAChR). We encountered a 60-year-old man who presented with severe anhidrosis, difficulty in thermoregulation, orthostatic hypotension, gastrointestinal dysmotility, tonic pupils and ptosis. Histologically, an anhidrotic skin sample was normal...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620715/neurogenic-orthostatic-hypotension-the-very-basics
#9
EDITORIAL
Horacio Kaufmann, Jose-Alberto Palma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614161/multiple-cerebral-infarcts-in-a-young-patient-associated-with-marijuana-use
#10
Leila Costa Volpon, Camila Lacerda Muniz de Melo Sousa, Silvia Keiko Kavaguti Moreira, Sara Reis Teixeira, Ana Paula de Carvalho Panzeri Carlotti
: Cerebrovascular events associated with marijuana use have been reported previously. This association is plausible, but not well-established yet. A 14-year-old girl, long-term heavy cannabis user, presented with generalized tonic-clonic seizures and decreased level of consciousness a few hours after smoking cannabis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple areas of acute, subacute and chronic ischemic lesions in the left frontal lobe, basal ganglia, and corpus callosum. History of other illicit drug use and other known causes of stroke were ruled out...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613369/-hypertension-en-orthostatic-hypotension-during-use-of-monoamine-oxidase-mao-inhibitors
#11
W T Zandee, J Alsma, T K Birkenhäger, A H VAN den Meiracker, M van Hoek, J Versmissen
Monoamine oxidase (mao) inhibitors are antidepressants with potentially severe side-effects. For this reason, the registration of this drug was suspended for some time when safer alternatives became available. However, mao inhibitors can be very effective in cases where depression has proved to be treatment resistant. Consequently, last year tranylcypromine was re-registered for use in the Netherlands. Since mao inhibitors have been used only sporadically in the Netherlands over the last few years, health professionals have only limited knowledge about the side-effects...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608926/the-pharmacodynamic-effects-of-combined-administration-of-flibanserin-and-alcohol
#12
D M Stevens, J M Weems, L Brown, K A Barbour, S M Stahl
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Flibanserin is a serotonin 5-HT1A agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist approved for the treatment of acquired, generalized hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. Because of the increased risk of hypotension- and syncope-related adverse events (AEs) observed with coadministration of flibanserin and alcohol, alcohol use is contraindicated. To provide a more comprehensive understanding of the interaction between flibanserin and alcohol, the results of a dedicated phase 1 alcohol-interaction study and a pooled analysis of phase 3 studies of premenopausal women with HSDD are presented...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604565/droxidopa-for-symptomatic-neurogenic-hypotension
#13
Nadia Ferguson-Myrthil
Droxidopa is a first-in-class, orally available, synthetic amino acid precursor of norepinephrine that received accelerated Food and Drug Administration approval in February 2014 after Orphan Drug status for a debilitating condition known as symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. Neurogenic disorders often lead to postural hypotension as a result of poor norepinephrine release from its storage sites. Clinical data suggest increases in standing systolic blood pressure and improvements in many other markers for subjective relief in patients with symptomatic neurogenic hypotension who received droxidopa therapy over 1-2 weeks...
May 4, 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598131/-clinical-characteristics-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-hypertensive-patients-with-minor-ischemic-stroke
#14
Long-Fei Wu, Qing Yang, Chun-Yan Liu, Li-Jun Zeng, Lin Li
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical characteristics of autonomic dysfunction (AD) in hypertensive patients with minor ischemic stroke (MIS). METHODS: Sixty hypertensive patients with MIS (observation group) and 60 age-matched hypertensive patients (control group) were recruited in our study.The clinical data of the patients were collected.Autonomic symptoms were accessed using the Scale for Outcomes in Parkinson disease-Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT).Depression was evaluated with Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) ...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590791/using-an-exercise-program-to-improve-activity-tolerance-in-a-female-with-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Mike V Richardson, Amy Nordon-Craft, LeeAnne Carrothers
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is estimated to be at least 500,000 in the United States and is most commonly found in premenopausal females. This syndrome shares clinical features with orthostatic hypotension (OH); however, the inclusion criteria and clinical features for POTS are not well known. The purposes of this case report are to: 1) describe the common clinical features of POTS and highlight the differences to orthostatic hypotension and 2) discuss physical therapy management of patients with POTS using exercise...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590261/orthostatic-hypotension-and-association-of-arterial-compliance-in-elderly-patients-with-hypertension-a-pilot-study
#16
Ayumi Toba, Joji Ishikawa, Kazumasa Harada
BACKGROUNDS: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is associated with cardiovascular diseases, heart failure, and increased mortality. We evaluated whether OH was affected by cardiac structure and function or autonomic function in elderly hypertensive outpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 64 hypertension patients (mean age 74.2±1.7 years old), we evaluated changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability before and after standing up using the MemCalc system. In addition, we retrospectively reviewed their medical records and echocardiographic data...
June 5, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577744/orthostatic-hypotension-a-review
#17
Adrien Joseph, Ruben Wanono, Martin Flamant, Emmanuelle Vidal-Petiot
Orthostatic hypotension, defined by a drop in blood pressure of at least 20mmHg for systolic blood pressure and at least 10mmHg for diastolic blood pressure within 3minutes of standing up, is a frequent finding, particularly in elderly patients. It is associated with a significant increase in morbidity and mortality. Although it is often multifactorial, the first favoring factor is medications. Other etiologies are divided in neurogenic orthostatic hypotension, characterized by autonomic failure due to central or peripheral nervous system disorders, and non-neurogenic orthostatic hypotension, mainly favoured by hypovolemia...
April 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573553/medication-use-and-fall-related-hospital-admissions-from-long-term-care-facilities-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#18
Taliesin E Ryan-Atwood, Mieke Hutchinson-Kern, Jenni Ilomäki, Michael J Dooley, Susan G Poole, Carl M Kirkpatrick, Elizabeth Manias, Biswadev Mitra, J Simon Bell
BACKGROUND: Falls are a leading cause of preventable hospitalizations from long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Polypharmacy and falls-risk medications are potentially modifiable risk factors for falling. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether polypharmacy and falls-risk medications are associated with fall-related hospital admissions from LTCFs compared with hospital admissions for other causes. METHODS: This was a hospital-based, case-control study of patients aged ≥65 years hospitalized from LTCFs...
June 1, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564488/noninvasive-beat-to-beat-finger-arterial-pressure-monitoring-during-orthostasis-a-comprehensive-review-of-normal-and-abnormal-responses-at-different-ages
#19
REVIEW
V K van Wijnen, C Finucane, M P M Harms, H Nolan, R L Freeman, B E Westerhof, R A Kenny, J C Ter Maaten, W Wieling
Over the past 30 years, noninvasive beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) monitoring has provided great insight into cardiovascular autonomic regulation during standing. Although traditional sphygmomanometric measurement of BP may be sufficient for detection of sustained orthostatic hypotension, it fails to capture the complexity of the underlying dynamic BP and heart rate responses. With the emerging use of noninvasive beat-to-beat BP monitoring for the assessment of orthostatic BP control in clinical and population studies, various definitions for abnormal orthostatic BP patterns have been used...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559394/orthostatic-hypotension-and-risk-of-incident-dementia-results-from-a-12-year-follow-up-of-the-three-city-study-cohort
#20
Antoine Cremer, Aicha Soumaré, Claudine Berr, Jean-François Dartigues, Audrey Gabelle, Philippe Gosse, Christophe Tzourio
Several studies indicate a potential link between orthostatic hypotension (OH) and incident dementia but without substantial evidence to date. Our objective is to study the association between OH and dementia in a cohort of elderly individuals. To do so, baseline lying and standing blood pressure measurements were taken from 7425 subjects in the Three-City study. These subjects were then followed-up for 12 years. Cox proportional hazard models, adjusted for potential confounders, were used to estimate the risk of incident dementia according to OH status...
May 30, 2017: Hypertension
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