Read by QxMD icon Read

peptide self-assembly

Fengyang Xu, Jie Liu, Jian Tian, Lingfeng Gao, Xiaju Cheng, Yue Pan, Ziling Sun, Xinming Li
In this work, we reported the generation of a novel supramolecular hydrogelator from a peptide derivative which consisted of a structural motif (e.g., Fc-FF) for supramolecular self-assembly and a functional moiety (e.g., RGD) for integrin binding. Following self-assembly in water at neutral pH, this molecule firstly tended to form metastable spherical aggregates, which subsequently underwent a morphological transformation to form high-aspect-ratio nanostructures over 2 h when aged at room temperature. More importantly, because of the presence of nanoscale RGD clusters on the surface of nanostructures, the self-assembled nanomaterials (e...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Karin Kornmueller, Bernhard Lehofer, Claudia Meindl, Eleonore Fröhlich, Gerd Leitinger, Heinz Amenitsch, Ruth Prassl
Self-assembling amphiphilic designer peptides have been successfully applied as nanomaterials in biomedical applications. Understanding molecular interactions at the peptide-membrane interface is crucial, since interactions at this site often determine (in)compatibility. The present study aims to elucidate how model membrane systems of different complexity (in particular single-component phospholipid bilayers and lipoproteins) respond to the presence of amphiphilic designer peptides. We focused on two short anionic peptides, V₄WD₂ and A₆YD, which are structurally similar, but showed a different self-assembly behavior...
October 14, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Benjamin P Partlow, Mehran Bagheri, James L Harden, David L Kaplan
Native silk fibers exhibit strength and toughness that rival those of the best synthetic fibers. Importantly, the silkworm is able to spin these fibers using only water as a solvent with fine control of applied shear, drawing, pH and salt concentrations to efficiently convert the spinning dope into a fiber. This is in contrast to synthetic polymers that often require organic solvents and extreme processing conditions. Further insight is still needed into the mechanisms by which silkworms are capable of spinning such tough fibers...
October 13, 2016: Biomacromolecules
T N Figueira, L M Palermo, A S Veiga, D Huey, C A Alabi, N C Santos, J C Welsch, C Mathieu, B Horvat, S Niewiesk, A Moscona, M A R B Castanho, M Porotto
: Measles virus (MV) infection is undergoing resurgence and remains one of the leading causes of death among young children worldwide despite the availability of an effective measles vaccine. MV infects its target cells by coordinated action of the MV hemagglutinin (H) and fusion (F) envelope glycoproteins; upon receptor engagement by H, the pre-fusion F undergoes a structural transition, extending and inserting into the target cell membrane and then re-folding into a post-fusion structure that fuses the viral and cell membranes...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Virology
Shuyun Liu, Lanlan Zhang, Jingqiu Cheng, Yanrong Lu, Jingping Liu
Inflammatory response is a major cause of grafts dysfunction in islet transplantation. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) had shown anti-inflammatory activity in multiple diseases. In this study, we aim to deliver HGF by self-assembling peptide/heparin (SAP/Hep) hybrid gel to protect β-cell from inflammatory injury. The morphological and slow release properties of SAPs were analyzed. Rat INS-1 β-cell line was treated with tumor necrosis factor α in vitro and transplanted into rat kidney capsule in vivo, and the viability, apoptosis, function, and inflammation of β-cells were evaluated...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Seema Singh, Pravin Jha, Vandana Singh, Kislay Sinha, Sahid Hussain, Manoj K Singh, Prolay Das
Non-targeted photosensitizers lack selectivity that undermines the potential use of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Herein, we report the DNA mediated assembly of a ZnSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)-photosensitizer (PS)-Mucin 1(MUC1) aptamer conjugate for targeting the MUC1 cancer biomarker and simultaneous generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). A photosensitizer, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), was conjugated to a single stranded DNA and self-assembled to a complementary strand that was conjugated to a QD and harboring a MUC1 aptamer sequence...
October 10, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
I R Sasselli, C G Pappas, E Matthews, T Wang, N T Hunt, R V Ulijn, T Tuttle
Despite progress, a fundamental understanding of the relationships between the molecular structure and self-assembly configuration of Fmoc-dipeptides is still in its infancy. In this work, we provide a combined experimental and computational approach that makes use of free energy equilibration of a number of related Fmoc-dipeptides to arrive at an atomistic model of Fmoc-threonine-phenylalanine-amide (Fmoc-TF-NH2) which forms twisted fibres. By using dynamic peptide libraries where closely related dipeptide sequences are dynamically exchanged to eventually favour the formation of the thermodynamically most stable configuration, the relative importance of C-terminus modifications (amide versus methyl ester) and contributions of aliphatic versus aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine F vs...
October 12, 2016: Soft Matter
Francesca Biscaglia, Elisa Frezza, Enrico Zurlo, Marina Gobbo
The solvent-promoted aggregation of porphyrins covalently linked to medium length peptides occurs with the formation of chiral supramolecular structures if the peptide chain can adopt an α-helical secondary structure. The circular dichroism spectra of different porphyrin-peptide conjugates show that the chiral arrangement of the porphyrins in the aggregates does not depend on the screw-sense of the peptide helix. Experimental evidence and molecular dynamic simulations suggest that the linker between the porphyrin and the peptide helix is responsible for the overall chirality of supramolecular structures...
October 12, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Juan Wang, Guizhi Shen, Kai Ma, Tifeng Jiao, Kai Liu, Xuehai Yan
Concave nanospheres based on the self-assembly of simple dipeptides not only provide alternatives for modeling the interactions between biomacromolecules, but also present a range of applications for purification and separation, and delivery of active species. The kinetic control of the peptide assembly provides a unique opportunity to build functional and dynamic nanomaterials, such as concave nanospheres. In this work, we report dipeptide-based concave nanospheres with structures from crescent-like to solid interior by interfacially controlled self-assembly in combination with covalent formation of building blocks, driven by synergistic thermodynamic and kinetic control...
October 10, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
K Koss, C Tsui, L D Unsworth
(RADA)4 self-assembling peptides (SAPs) are promising for neural nanoscaffolds with on-demand drug delivery capabilities due to their automated synthesis, in-situ assembly, and potential for interaction with and release of biomolecules. Neuroinflammation cued on-demand drug release, due to up-regulated proteases, may well be vital in the treatment of several neurological diseases. In these conditions, releasing neurotrophic growth factors (NTFs) could potentially lead to neuroprotection and neurogenesis. As such, (RADA)4 was made with the high and low activity matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) cleaved sequences, GPQG+IASQ (CP1) and GPQG+PAGQ (CP2), the brain-derived NTF secretion stimulating peptide MVG (DP1) and the ciliary NTF analogue DGGL (DP2)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Raffaele Pugliese, Fabrizio Gelain
Peptidic biomaterials represent a particularly exciting topic in regenerative medicine. Peptidic scaffolds can be specifically designed for biomimetic customization for targeted therapy. The field is at a pivotal point where preclinical research is being translated into clinics, so it is crucial to understand the theory and describe the status of this rapidly developing technology. In this review, we highlight major advantages and current limitations of self-assembling peptide-based biomaterials, and we discuss the most widely used classes of assembling peptides, describing recent and promising approaches in tissue engineering, drug delivery, and clinics...
October 4, 2016: Trends in Biotechnology
Xiaowen Wu, Suntharavathanan Mahalingam, Sarah Kay VanOosten, Cate Wisdom, Candan Tamerler, Mohan Edirisinghe
Aligned poly(l-lactide)/poly(methyl methacrylate) binary blend fibers and mats loaded with a chimeric green fluorescence protein having a bioactive peptide with hydroxyapatite binding and mineralization property are prepared by pressurized gyration. The effect of processing parameters on the product morphologies, and the shape memory properties of these samples are investigated. Integration of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles into the fiber assembly is self-directed using the hydroxyapatite-binding property of the peptide genetically engineered to green fluorescence protein...
September 26, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Jérémy Ruiz, Régis Boehringer, Marcel Grogg, Jésus Raya, Alicia Schirer, Corinne Crucifix, Petra Hellwig, Patrick Schultz, Vladimir Torbeev
Polymorphism is a common property of amyloid fibers that complicates their detailed structural and functional studies. Here we report experiments illustrating the chemical principles that enable the formation of amyloid polymorphs with distinct stoichiometric composition. Using appropriate covalent tethering we programmed self-assembly of a model peptide corresponding to the [20-41]-fragment of human β2-microglobulin into fibers with either trimeric or dimeric amyloid cores. Using a set of biophysical and biochemical methods we demonstrated their distinct structural, morphological and templating properties...
September 26, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Changhua Shi, Tzu-Chiang Han, David W Wood
Fusions of elastin-like peptide (ELP) purification tags and self-cleaving inteins provide a powerful platform for purifying tagless recombinant proteins without the need for conventional packed-bed columns. A drawback to this method has been premature cleaving of the ELP tag during expression, before the purification procedure can take place. Here we demonstrate a split-intein method, where the self-cleaving intein is divided into two inactive segments during expression and purification. Spontaneous assembly of the purified intein segments then restores self-cleaving activity to deliver the tagless target protein...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Emerson R Silva, Gary Cooney, Ian W Hamley, Wendel A Alves, Shannon Lee, Brendan F O'Connor, Mehedi Reza, Janne Ruokolainen, Dermot Walls
We describe in depth the structure of complexes formed between DNA and two classes of arginine-containing peptide amphiphiles, namely, the lipopeptide PRW-C16 (P = proline, R = arginine, W = tryptophan, C16 = C16 : 0 alkyl chain) and the bolaamphiphile RFL4FR (R = arginine, F = phenylalanine, L = leucine). A combination of X-ray and neutron scattering provided unprecedented insights into the local structure of these complexes. Lipopeptide-based complexes self-assembled into layered structures with large-scale fractal features, hosting DNA in the interstices...
October 7, 2016: Soft Matter
Leïla Zerkoune, Sylviane Lesieur, Jean-Luc Putaux, Luc Choisnard, Annabelle Gèze, Denis Wouessidjewe, Borislav Angelov, Corinne Vebert-Nardin, James Doutch, Angelina Angelova
Soft mesoporous hierarchically structured particles were created by the self-assembly of an amphiphilic deep cavitand cyclodextrin βCD-nC10 (degree of substitution n = 7.3), with a nanocavity grafted by multiple alkyl (C10) chains on the secondary face of the βCD macrocycle through enzymatic biotransesterification, and the nonlamellar lipid monoolein (MO). The effect of the non-ionic dispersing agent polysorbate 80 (P80) on the liquid crystalline organization of the nanocarriers and their stability was studied in the context of vesicle-to-cubosome transition...
September 13, 2016: Soft Matter
Pengfan Gao, Yuqing Wu, Lixin Wu
The synergistic self-assembly of biomolecules with polyoxometalates (POMs) has recently been considered as an effective approach to construct nano-biomaterials with diverse structures and morphologies towards applications in drug delivery, controlled release, tissue engineering scaffolds, and biomineralization, due to the unique features of the clusters in addition to many well-known inorganic nanoparticles. This review presents an overview of recent work focusing on the noncovalent co-assembly of peptides and POMs as well as their biological applications...
October 5, 2016: Soft Matter
Elizabeth Brunk, Marta Da Silva Perez Gomes, Prashanth Athri, Ursula Rothlisberger
Biomimicry is a strategy that makes practical use of evolution to find efficient and sustainable ways to produce chemical compounds or engineer products. Exploring the natural machinery of enzymes for the production of desired compounds is a highly profitable investment, however, the design of efficient biomimetic systems remains a considerable challenge. An ideal biomimetic system self-assembles in solution, binds a desired range of substrates and catalyzes reactions with turnover rates similar to the native system...
October 5, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Carlo Diaferia, Teresa Sibillano, Nicole Balasco, Cinzia Giannini, Valentina Roviello, Luigi Vitagliano, Giancarlo Morelli, Antonella Accardo
Despite the growing literature about diphenylalanine-based peptide materials, it still remains a challenge to delineate the theoretical insight into peptide nanostructure formation and the structural features that could permit materials with enhanced properties to be engineered. Herein, we report the synthesis of a novel peptide building block composed of six phenylalanine residues and eight PEG units, PEG8 -F6. This aromatic peptide self-assembles in water in stable and well-ordered nanostructures with optoelectronic properties...
October 5, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Ao Zhou, Shuo Chen, Bin He, Weikang Zhao, Xiaojun Chen, Dianming Jiang
Bioactive mediators, cytokines, and chemokines have an important role in regulating and optimizing the synergistic action of materials, cells, and cellular microenvironments for tissue engineering. RADA self-assembling peptide hydrogels have been proved to have an excellent ability to promote cell proliferation, wound healing, tissue repair, and drug delivery. Here, we report that D-RADA16 and L-RADA16-RGD self-assembling peptides can form stable second structure and hydrogel scaffolds, affording the slow release of growth factor (transforming growth factor cytokine-beta 1 [TGF-beta 1])...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"