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Ilse F de Coo, Leopoldine A Wilbrink, Gaby D Ie, Joost Haan, Michel D Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Aura symptoms have been reported in up to 23% of cluster headache patients, but it is not known whether clinical characteristics are different in participants with and without aura. METHODS: Using validated web-based questionnaires we assessed the presence and characteristics of attack-related aura and other clinical features in 629 subjects available for analysis from an initial cohort of 756 cluster headache subjects. Participants who screened positive for aura were contacted by telephone for confirmation of the ICHD-III criteria for aura...
June 22, 2018: Headache
Dâmarys Kohlbeck de Melo Neu Ribeiro, Maria Helena Lenardt, Tânia Maria Lourenço, Susanne Elero Betiolli, Marcia Daniele Seima, Carlos Alberto Guimarães
OBJECTIVES: To analyze in scientific publications how the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) has been employed to evaluate the elderly. METHODS: Integrative review of periodical publications between 2011 and 2015, available online in full-text in Portuguese, English and Spanish. RESULTS: 129 articles were found; after the application of the criteria, they resulted in 21. The studies were categorized into two groups: A) follow or compare scores in FIM (cohort studies, case-control, clinical trials), focusing on rehabilitation, evaluation of programs and changes in the functional level after procedures/interventions; and B) measure/associate the functionality of the elderly (cross-sectional studies), focused on evaluation protocols in elderly health and associations to the caregiver burden, hospital stay, balance, satisfaction with life, cognition and clinical/socio-demographic aspects...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Eduardo Motta de Vasconcelos, Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence and analyse the existence of predictors of burnout syndrome in intensive care nurses. METHODS: The quantitative, descriptive, cross sectional study with 91 intensive care nurses. Two instruments were used to collect data in July 2014: a sociodemographic form and the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. Pearson's Chi-Square test or Fisher's exact test were applied to verify the association between the occurrence of burnout and the categorical variables...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Isolina Maria Alberto Fruet, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Rosangela Marion da Silva, Rafaela Andolhe
OBJECTIVE: To verify the applicability of the adapted Moral Distress Scale in the nursing setting of the hemato-oncology sector of a university hospital. METHOD: Cross-sectional study conducted with 46 nursing workers of a university hospital in the southern region of Brazil with data collected between December 2014 and March 2015 by means of the adapted Moral Distress Scale. Factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Stefanie Braig, Simon Berger, David Rothenbacher, Stefanie Schmid, Thomas Seufferlein, Hermann Brenner, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Harald Gündel
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe time trends in functional dyspepsia and the association of dyspepsia-related factors, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and work-related stress with functional dyspepsia in white collar employees in 1996 and 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Repeat cross-sectional study conducted in 1996 (n = 190, response rate = 76.1) and 2015 (n = 195, response rate = 40.2) within a health insurance company in South-West Germany. Dyspeptic symptoms measured according to the Rome III criteria, effort-reward imbalance and further work- or dyspepsia-related factors were assessed by self-administered questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
Pedro Costa Del Amo, Julio Lahoz Beneytez, Lies Boelen, Raya Ahmed, Kelly L Miners, Yan Zhang, Laureline Roger, Rhiannon E Jones, Silvia A Fuertes Marraco, Daniel E Speiser, Duncan M Baird, David A Price, Kristin Ladell, Derek Macallan, Becca Asquith
Adaptive immunity relies on the generation and maintenance of memory T cells to provide protection against repeated antigen exposure. It has been hypothesised that a self-renewing population of T cells, named stem cell-like memory T (TSCM) cells, are responsible for maintaining memory. However, it is not clear if the dynamics of TSCM cells in vivo are compatible with this hypothesis. To address this issue, we investigated the dynamics of TSCM cells under physiological conditions in humans in vivo using a multidisciplinary approach that combines mathematical modelling, stable isotope labelling, telomere length analysis, and cross-sectional data from vaccine recipients...
June 22, 2018: PLoS Biology
Maiara Brusco de Freitas, Emilia Addison Machado Moreira, Camila Tomio, Yara Maria Franco Moreno, Felipe Perozzo Daltoe, Eliana Barbosa, Norberto Ludwig Neto, Vittoria Buccigrossi, Alfredo Guarino
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of cystic fibrosis and antibiotic therapy on intestinal microbiota composition and intestinal inflammation in children and adolescents. A cross-sectional controlled study was conducted with 36 children and adolescents: 19 in the cystic fibrosis group (CFG) and 17 in the control group (CG) matched for age and sex. The CFG was subdivided based on the use of antibiotic therapy (CFAB group) and non-use of antibiotic therapy (CFnAB group). The following data were evaluated: colonization, antibiotic therapy, mutation, breastfeeding, use of infant formula, type of delivery, introduction of solid foods, body mass index, fecal calprotectin and intestinal microbiota composition (fluorescence in situ hybridization)...
2018: PloS One
Maria Michela Gianino, Jacopo Lenzi, Marco Bonaudo, Maria Pia Fantini, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes the trajectories of antibiotic consumption using different indicators of patients' socioeconomic status, category and age-group of physicians. METHODS: This study uses a pooled, cross-sectional, time series analysis. The data focus on 22 European countries from 2000 to 2014 and were obtained from the European Center for Disease and Control, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Eurostat and Global Economic Monitor...
2018: PloS One
Vitor de Salles Painelli, Kleiner Márcio Nemezio, Ana Jéssica, Mariana Franchi, Isabel Andrade, Luiz Augusto Riani, Bryan Saunders, Craig Sale, Roger Charles Harris, Bruno Gualano, Guilherme Giannini Artioli
PURPOSE: Cross-sectional studies suggest that training can increase muscle carnosine (MCarn), although longitudinal studies have failed to confirm this. A lack of control for dietary β-alanine intake or muscle fibre type shifting may have hampered their conclusions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on MCarn. METHODS: Twenty vegetarian men were randomly assigned to a control (CON; n=10) or HIIT (n=10) group...
June 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Cara F Levitch, Chloe Ifrah, Mimi Kim, Walter F Stewart, Richard B Lipton, Molly E Zimmerman, Michael L Lipton
OBJECTIVE: In soccer, unintentional and intentional (heading) head impacts are associated with concussive symptoms and cognitive dysfunction. We examined whether personality traits were associated with these behaviors in soccer players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants completed study visits at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. A total of 307 adult amateur soccer players, recruited from New York City and the surrounding area, completed 737 HeadCount-2w questionnaires...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Valerie A Yeager, Janna M Wisniewski, Theresa Chapple-McGruder, Brian Castrucci, Elizabeth Gould
CONTEXT: Ensuring adequate and appropriate training of the workforce is a crucial priority for governmental public health. This is particularly important, given the diverse backgrounds of the public health workforce; the vast majority (approximately 83%) do not have formal training in public health, and those that do have formal training in public health have limited training in management and other essential organizational skills. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to identify training needs among public health workers in specific job types and settings...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Philip A Gomersall, David M Baguley, Robert P Carlyon
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to identify the proportion of individuals within the adult cochlear implant population who are aware of tinnitus and those who report a negative impact from this perception, using a bespoke questionnaire designed to limit bias. A secondary aim was to use qualitative analysis of open-text responses to identify themes linked to tinnitus perception in this population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire study of a large clinical population who received an implant from Cambridge University Hospitals, United Kingdom...
June 21, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Sumera Afsheen, Musarat Munir, Muhammad Isa Khan, Tahir Iqbal, M Abrar, Muhammad Bilal Tahir, Jalil Ur Rehman, Khalid Nadeem, Mohsin Ijaz, Ghulam Nabi
The current work explores the excitation of surface plasmon polarities on one dimensional (1D) silver nano grating device simulated on glass substrate, which can sense a very small change in refractive index of an analyte adjacent to it. The most recent modeling technique finite element analysis (FEA) is applied in this work by using COMSOL RF module. The models of 1D grating device of different slit widths with fixed periodicity and film thickness are simulated. The data is collected and then used to study higher refractive index unit per nanometer (RIU/nm) as well as effect of slits width on RIU...
June 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
Gail A Wasserman, Xinhua Liu, Faruque Parvez, Yu Chen, Pam Factor-Litvak, Nancy J LoIacono, Diane Levy, Hasan Shahriar, Mohammed Nasir Uddin, Tariqul Islam, Angela Lomax, Roheeni Saxena, Elizabeth A Gibson, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Olgica Balac, Tiffany Sanchez, Jennie K Kline, David Santiago, Tyler Ellis, Alexander van Geen, Joseph H Graziano
BACKGROUND: Exposure to inorganic arsenic (As) from drinking water is associated with modest deficits in intellectual function in young children; it is unclear whether deficits occur during adolescence, when key brain functions are more fully developed. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the degree to which As exposure is associated with adolescent intelligence, and the contributory roles of lead, cadmium, manganese and selenium. METHODS: We recruited a cross-section of 726 14-16 year olds (mean age = 14...
June 19, 2018: Environment International
Luciana C Chiapella, Jorgelina Montemarani Menna, María Eugenia Mamprin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the medication dispensed to elderly patients in a primary health care center (PHC) and a community pharmacy (CP) in Argentina and to identify the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study. Data were acquired from 886 prescriptions in the PHC and 2368 in the CP between February and April 2015. Dispensed medications were coded according to the Anatomical, Therapeutic, and Chemical (ATC) classification system...
June 19, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Masahiro Suzuki, Ryuji Furihata, Chisato Konno, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Takashi Ohida, Makoto Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: The following question remains open: what has the strongest impact on symptoms of depression, experiencing multiple stressful events, being exposed to a specific stressful event, or having a maladaptive coping style? METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional survey with face-to-face interviews. Data from 2559 randomly-sampled adults living in Japan were analyzed. The participants were asked about stressful events (12 items) experienced in the previous month and their stress-coping strategies (16 items)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Brittney A Luc-Harkey, Jason R Franz, Elena Losina, Brian Pietrosimone
BACKGROUND: Individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) demonstrate persistent alterations in walking gait characteristics that contribute to poor long-term outcomes. Higher kinesiophobia, or fear of movement/re-injury, may result in the avoidance of movements that increase loading on the ACLR limb. RESEARCH QUESTION: Determine the association between kinesiophobia and walking gait characteristics in physically active individuals with ACLR...
June 18, 2018: Gait & Posture
Simon R Cox, Mike Allerhand, Stuart J Ritchie, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Maria Valdés Hernández, Sarah E Harris, David Alexander Dickie, Devasuda Anblagan, Benjamin S Aribisala, Zoe Morris, Roy Sherwood, N Joan Abbott, John M Starr, Mark E Bastin, Joanna M Wardlaw, Ian J Deary
Elevated serum and cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of S100β, a protein predominantly found in glia, are associated with intracranial injury and neurodegeneration, although concentrations are also influenced by several other factors. The longitudinal association between serum S100β concentrations and brain health in nonpathological aging is unknown. In a large group (baseline N = 593; longitudinal N = 414) of community-dwelling older adults at ages 73 and 76 years, we examined cross-sectional and parallel longitudinal changes between serum S100β and brain MRI parameters: white matter hyperintensities, perivascular space visibility, white matter fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity (MD), global atrophy, and gray matter volume...
May 31, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Gejin Wei, Haoxi Li, Binbin Wang, Jiachang Wu, Fengfu Wu, Zhoudan Lin
RESEARCH BACKGROUND: Nonspecific lower back pain (LBP) has been a major public health problem in western countries since the second half of the 20 t h century. The trend has expanded to non-western countries, and LBP is currently a significant cause of disability in the working population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of nonspecific lower back pain (LBP) and its risk factors among soldiers in the Chinese army. METHODS: A total of 2876 Chinese army soldiers were requested to complete a self-administered questionnaire on demographic, anthropometric factors, and their non-specific LBP symptoms...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
J Seong, D Bartlett, R G Newcombe, N C A Claydon, N Hellin, N X West
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of gingival recession (GR) and associations with dentine hypersensitivity (DH), erosive toothwear (BEWE), gingival bleeding (BOP) and periodontal pocketing (PPD) in young European adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis using data collected from 350 UK participants enrolled in a European cross sectional study of 3187 young adults. GR, BOP, PPD, DH (participant and clinician assessment) and BEWE were recorded. A questionnaire assessed demographics, oral hygiene and lifestyle habits...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
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