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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475205/the-pituitary-thyroid-axis-and-prolactin-secretion-in-hemodialysis-patients-in-two-endemic-regions-of-eastern-germany
#1
Franz Maximilian Rasche, Ronny Rettig, Thomas Frese, Wilma Gertrud Rasche, Filip Barinka, Guenter Roesl, Frieder Keller, Tom H Lindner, Jochen G Schneider, Joachim Beige, Thomas Ebert, Stephan Schiekofer
INTRODUCTION: Endocrine disorders of the pituitary axes are frequent in patients with hemodialysis (CKD5D). The aim of this multicenter study (Leipzig (L), Quedlinburg and Blankenburg in the Harz region (Hz)) in CKD5D patients was to evaluate influences of CKD5D related factors, morphological and biochemical parameters, and serum iodine and prolactin concentrations on the pituitary-thyroid axis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 170 patients (L n=58; Hz n=112) were included in this prospective, non-interventional, cross-sectional study...
February 23, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475198/willingness-to-use-drug-checking-within-future-supervised-injection-services-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-a-mid-sized-canadian-city
#2
Mary Clare Kennedy, Ayden Scheim, Beth Rachlis, Sanjana Mitra, Geoff Bardwell, Sean Rourke, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Esclating epidemics of fatal overdose are affecting communities across Canada. In many instances, the unanticipated presence of powerful opioids, such as fentanyl, in street drugs is a contributing factor. Drug checking offered within supervised injection services (SIS) is being considered as a potential measure for reducing overdose and related harms. We therefore sought to characterize the willingness of people who inject drugs (PWID) to use drug checking within SIS. METHODS: Data were derived from a cross-sectional survey examining the feasibility of SIS in London, Canada, a mid-sized city...
February 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475135/the-multiplicative-effect-of-combining-alcohol-with-energy-drinks-on-adolescent-gambling
#3
Alessio Vieno, Natale Canale, Roberta Potente, Marco Scalese, Mark D Griffiths, Sabrina Molinaro
PURPOSE: There has been increased concern about the negative effects of adolescents consuming a combination of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED). To date, few studies have focused on AmED use and gambling. The present study analyzed the multiplicative effect of AmED consumption, compared to alcohol alone, on the likelihood of at-risk or problem gambling during adolescence. METHODS: Data from the ESPAD®Italia 2015 study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in a nationally representative sample of students (ages 15 to 19years) were used to examine the association between self-reported AmED use (≥6 times,≥10 times, and ≥20 times during the last month) and self-reported gambling severity...
February 20, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475119/the-correlation-of-morphological-and-thrombotic-villous-arterial-lesions-with-fetal-doppler-echocardiographic-measurements-in-the-placentas-of-low-risk-term-pregnancies
#4
Katsuyuki Sekii, Chizuko Yaguchi, Hiroaki Itoh
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have correlated the placental vasculature with fetal cardiac function other than umbilical artery Doppler assessment in low-risk pregnancies. We assessed the contribution of the placental vasculature to fetal echocardiographic parameters using histopathological and morphometric analyses of placental resistance arteries. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-four low-risk singleton term pregnancies were assessed, including 24 thrombosis-negative cases (no/minimal gross and histological placental abnormalities) and 10 thrombosis-positive cases (histologically identified chorionic plate/stem vessel thrombosis)...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475107/effect-of-socio-economic-status-family-smoking-and-mental-health-through-social-network-on-the-substance-use-potential-in-adolescents-a-mediation-analysis
#5
H Sajjadi, Z Jorjoran Shushtari, S Mahboubi, H Rafiey, Y Salimi
OBJECTIVES: Understanding pathways that influence substance use potential (SUP) can help with effective substance use prevention interventions among adolescents. The aim of the present study is to contribute to a better understanding of the SUP of adolescents by examining the mediating role of social network quality in the SUP of Iranian adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was conducted to assess the hypothesized model that social network quality would mediate the association of family socio-economic status, a mental health disorder, and family smoking with addiction potential...
February 20, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475105/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-in-adolescents-eight-years-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#6
Bingli Du, Xiaozhi Ma, Xiancai Ou, Ye Jin, Pengwei Ren, Jing Li
In 2008, an 8.0 Richter scale earthquake devastated Wenchuan in China, which resulted in heavy casualties, and had wide-reaching psychological effects on survivors. To examine its impact on the survivors, this study aims to investigate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in adolescents eight years after the earthquake. The cross-section survey was conducted in two different earthquake-affected areas, and data were collected from 4118 respondents. Instruments included the questionnaire on demographic information, the questionnaire on seismic exposure, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ)...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475104/distress-and-sleep-quality-in-young-amphetamine-type-stimulant-users-with-an-affective-or-psychotic-illness
#7
Jacob J Crouse, Rico S C Lee, Django White, Ahmed A Moustafa, Ian B Hickie, Daniel F Hermens
Misuse of amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) drugs may disrupt key neurodevelopmental processes in young people and confer protracted neurocognitive and psychopathological harm. ATS users with a co-occurring psychiatric illness are typically excluded from research, reducing generalisability of findings. Accordingly, we conducted a cross-sectional examination of key clinical, sleep, socio-occupational and neurocognitive measures in current, past and never users of ATS drugs who were accessing a youth mental health service (headspace) for affective- or psychotic-spectrum illnesses...
February 17, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475056/dysfunctional-personality-disorder-beliefs-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-personnel
#8
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Jessica M LaCroix, Rebecca Kauten, Kanchana Perera, Rusan Chen, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with an increased risk for suicide. However, the association between PDs and suicide risk has not been examined among military personnel. This study evaluated whether endorsement of different PD dysfunctional beliefs was associated with lifetime suicide attempt status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional data were collected during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavior therapy protocol for the prevention of suicide...
January 31, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474998/-anthropometric-prediction-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-in-persons-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Liron S McCauley, Ryan M Sumrell, Ashraf S Gorgey
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in increased accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Anthropometrics may provide an alternative to estimate VAT cross section area (CSA) compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OBJECTIVE: to validate the use of anthropometrics, including abdominal circumference and skinfold thickness (SFT ) measurements against MRI to predict SAT and VAT cross-sectional areas in persons with SCI DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Clinical research center PARTICIPANT: Twenty-two men with motor complete SCI METHODS: Anthropometric measurements and MRI were taken during a single visit...
February 20, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474972/risk-factors-for-fecal-urgency-among-individuals-with-and-without-diarrhea-based-on-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Vikram Rangan, Shuji Mitsuhashi, Prashant Singh, Sarah Ballou, William Hirsch, Thomas Sommers, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Anthony Lembo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fecal urgency is a common symptom among patients with gastrointestinal disorders, but can also occur in healthy individuals with normal bowel habits. There have been few studies of fecal urgency in the general population. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Health and Nurition Examination Survey (NHANES) to analyze the prevalence of and risk factors for this symptom. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4,676 persons who completed the Bowel Health Questionnaire from the NHANES, from 2009 through 2010...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474865/trajectories-of-plasma-igf-1-igfbp-3-and-their-ratio-in-the-mayo-clinic-study-of-aging
#11
Alexandra M V Wennberg, Clinton E Hagen, Ronald C Petersen, Michelle M Mielke
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has been associated with osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and mortality in middle and older aged adults. Cross-sectionally, IGF-1 decreases with age and levels of IGF-1 are markedly different between individuals. However, little is known about intra-individual trajectories of IGF-1. We examined baseline and serial measures of plasma total IGF-1, IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3, and their ratio, which is a proxy for bioavailable IGF-1, among 1618 adults, aged 50-95, enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging...
February 20, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474850/lack-of-interest-in-physical-activity-individual-and-environmental-attributes-in-adults-across-europe-the-spotlight-project
#12
Eliana V Carraça, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Jeroen Lakerveld, Harry Rutter, Jean-Michel Oppert, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sofie Compernolle, Célina Roda, Helga Bardos, Pedro J Teixeira
A considerable proportion of European adults report little or no interest in physical activity. Identifying individual-level and environmental-level characteristics of these individuals can help designing effective interventions and policies to promote physical activity. This cross-sectional study additionally explored associations between level of interest and physical activity, after controlling for other individual and environmental variables. Measures of objective and perceived features of the physical environment of residence, self-reported physical activity and other lifestyle behaviors, barriers towards physical activity, general health, and demographics were obtained from 5205 European adults participating in the 2014 online SPOTLIGHT survey...
February 20, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474732/resource-investments-in-reproductive-growth-proportionately-limit-investments-in-whole-tree-vegetative-growth-in-young-olive-trees-with-varying-crop-loads
#13
Adolfo Rosati, Andrea Paoletti, Raeed Al Hariri, Alessio Morelli, Franco Famiani
It has long been debated whether tree growth is source limited, or whether photosynthesis is adjusted to the actual sink demand, directly regulated by internal and environmental factors. Many studies support both possibilities, but no studies have provided quantitative data at the whole-tree level, across different cultivars and fruit load treatments. This study investigated the effect of different levels of reproductive growth on whole-tree biomass growth across two olive cultivars with different growth rates (i...
February 21, 2018: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474699/rationale-and-design-of-the-eacvi-afib-echo-europe-registry-for-assessing-relationships-of-echocardiographic-parameters-with-clinical-thrombo-embolic-and-bleeding-risk-profile-in-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Julien Magne, Francesco Lo Iudice, Eustachio Agricola, Leyla Elif Sade, Matteo Cameli, Ehud Schwammenthal, Nuno Cardim, Bernard Cosyns, Andreas Hagendorff, Alexandar N Neskovic, Josè Luis Zamorano, Patrizio Lancellotti, Gilbert Habib, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for management of atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend the use of CHA2DS2VASc risk score for assessment of thromboembolic (TE) risk, whereas the stratification of bleeding risk should be obtained by HAS-Bleed to balance the most appropriate anticoagulation (OAC) therapy. However, men with CHA2DS2VASc score = 1 and women with CHA2DS2VASc = 2, who are at intermediate TE risk, represent a grey zone where guidelines do not provide a definite OAC indication...
March 1, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474694/a-monte-carlo-tool-for-multi-target-nanodosimetry
#15
A Selva, V Conte, P Colautti
A Monte Carlo simulation tool has been developed, based on the physical models of the Geant4-DNA extension of Geant4, to study the ionisation pattern of charged particles in a multi-target environment. The tool allows to code easily the geometry to build a simulation with multiple targets, since several parameters can be changed interactively and independently via macro commands. In this work a set of nanometric target spheres is embedded in a cylindrical water phantom 20 nm in height and 40 nm in diameter...
February 21, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474643/cross-sections-measured-by-quasi-monoenergetic-neutrons
#16
Mitja Majerle, Martin Ansorge, Pavel Bém, Jan Novák, Eva Šimecková, Milan Štefánik
197Au, 209Bi, 59Co, natFe and 169Tm samples were irradiated several times with quasi-monoenergetic neutrons from the p+7Li reaction in the energy range of 18-34 MeV. The activities of the samples were measured with the HPGe detector and the reaction rates were calculated. The cross sections were extracted using the SAND-II code with the reference cross sections from the IRDFF database.
February 21, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474502/validation-of-the-portable-air-smart-spirometer
#17
Cristina Ramos Hernández, Marta Núñez Fernández, Abel Pallares Sanmartín, Cecilia Mouronte Roibas, Luz Cerdeira Domínguez, Maria Isabel Botana Rial, Nagore Blanco Cid, Alberto Fernández Villar
BACKGROUND: The Air-Smart Spirometer is the first portable device accepted by the European Community (EC) that performs spirometric measurements by a turbine mechanism and displays the results on a smartphone or a tablet. METHODS: In this multicenter, descriptive and cross-sectional prospective study carried out in 2 hospital centers, we compare FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC ratio measured with the Air Smart-Spirometer device and a conventional spirometer, and analyze the ability of this new portable device to detect obstructions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474470/antibiotic-use-knowledge-and-health-literacy-among-the-general-population-in-berlin-germany-and-its-surrounding-rural-areas
#18
Florian Salm, Clemens Ernsting, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Melanie Kanzler, Petra Gastmeier, Paul Gellert
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge concerning antibiotic use in the general population is insufficient. The way health literacy is related to antibiotic use aside from knowledge needs further investigation. Our aim was to compare the levels of knowledge of antibiotics and health literacy in individuals who had taken antibiotics in recent years compared with those who not had taken antibiotics. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional survey of 2,000 individuals aged 35 and older from Berlin, Germany and its surrounding rural and suburban areas (response rate 59%) with strata urban/rural, sex, age, and education...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474460/where-is-the-left-ventricle-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-based-on-chest-computed-tomography-in-the-expiration-with-arms-down-position
#19
Hyuksool Kwon, Yeokoon Kim, Kyuseok Kim, Jae Yun Jung, Joonghee Kim, Sang Il Choi, Eun Ju Chun, Woo Kyung Bae
OBJECTIVE: Patients usually receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation during ventilatory expiration and with their arms down, which does not reflect the normal imaging position. This study used scout images from low-dose chest computed tomography to compare the locations of the left ventricle (LV) in the expiration with arms down position (EAD) and in the full inspirational with arms raised position (IAR). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a convenience sample and evaluated scout images that were obtained during screening with the participants in the EAD and IAR positions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474451/racial-residential-segregation-socioeconomic-disparities-and-the-white-black-survival-gap
#20
Ioana Popescu, Erin Duffy, Joshua Mendelsohn, José J Escarce
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between racial residential segregation, a prominent manifestation of systemic racism, and the White-Black survival gap in a contemporary cohort of adults, and to assess the extent to which socioeconomic inequality explains this association. DESIGN: This was a cross sectional study of White and Black men and women aged 35-75 living in 102 large US Core Based Statistical Areas. The main outcome was the White-Black survival gap...
2018: PloS One
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