keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Jumbo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812188/comparative-efficacy-of-cold-polypectomy-techniques-for-diminutive-colorectal-polyps-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
Yoon Suk Jung, Chan Hyuk Park, Eunwoo Nam, Chang Soo Eun, Dong Il Park, Dong Soo Han
BACKGROUND: Although cold polypectomy techniques are preferred over polypectomy with electrocautery in the management of diminutive polyps, comprehensive comparisons among various cold polypectomy techniques have not yet been fully performed. METHODS: We searched for all relevant randomized controlled trials published up until October 2016 examining the efficacy of cold polypectomy techniques for diminutive polyps. Cold polypectomy techniques were classified as cold forceps polypectomy (CFP), jumbo forceps polypectomy (JFP), traditional cold snare polypectomy (CSP), and dedicated CSP, according to the type of device...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659872/replications-of-two-closely-related-groups-of-jumbo-phages-show-different-level-of-dependence-on-host-encoded-rna-polymerase
#2
Takeru Matsui, Genki Yoshikawa, Tomoko Mihara, Orawan Chatchawankanphanich, Takeru Kawasaki, Miyako Nakano, Makoto Fujie, Hiroyuki Ogata, Takashi Yamada
Ralstonia solanacearum phages ΦRP12 and ΦRP31 are jumbo phages isolated in Thailand. Here we show that they exhibit similar virion morphology, genome organization and host range. Genome comparisons as well as phylogenetic and proteomic tree analyses support that they belong to the group of ΦKZ-related phages, with their closest relatives being R. solanacearum phages ΦRSL2 and ΦRSF1. Compared with ΦRSL2 and ΦRSF1, ΦRP12 and ΦRP31 possess larger genomes (ca. 280 kbp, 25% larger). The replication of ΦRP12 and ΦRP31 was not affected by rifampicin treatment (20 μg/ml), suggesting that phage-encoded RNAPs function to start and complete the infection cycle of these phages without the need of host-encoded RNAPs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493241/-the-use-of-jumbo-cups-in-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Philipp von Roth, Georgi I Wassilew
Extra-large uncemented jumbo cups are among the most common methods of acetabular revision. Jumbo cups do not contribute to bone stock restoration, and in the case of a subsequent revision, an even larger bone defect is to be expected. Thus, understanding long-term survival is essential. The present article discusses the literature relevant to this topic and addresses technical and implant-specific characteristics of jumbo cups. In summary, jumbo cups show an acceptable long-term survival rate, with aseptic loosening as the most common reason for revision and dislocation being the most common complication...
May 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352259/jumbo-bacteriophages-an-overview
#4
Yihui Yuan, Meiying Gao
Tailed bacteriophages with genomes larger than 200 kbp are classified as Jumbo phages, and are rarely isolated by conventional methods. These phages are designated "jumbo" owing to their most notable features of a large phage virion and large genome size. However, in addition to these, jumbo phages also exhibit several novel characteristics that have not been observed for phages with smaller genomes, which differentiate jumbo phages in terms of genome organization, virion structure, progeny propagation, and evolution...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316959/comparative-study-of-peripheral-rim-fixation-using-jumbo-cup-in-revisional-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Woo-Lam Jo, Young-Wook Lim, Jin-Hyung Im, Seung-Chan Kim, Soon-Yong Kwon, Yong-Sik Kim
PURPOSE: It is challenging procedure to revise acetabular component in acetabulum with severe bone defect or deformity. The jumbo cup is good option for revisional arthroplasty in large bone defect. The purpose of this study is to compare the prognosis of revisional total hip arthroplasty using jumbo cup with peripheral rim fixation and no rim fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the patients who had performed acetabular revisional total hip arthroplasty from January 2002 to March 2015 in our institute...
March 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250902/successful-endoscopic-fragmentation-of-large-hardened-fecaloma-using-jumbo-forceps
#6
Yasumasa Matsuo, Hiroshi Yasuda, Hiroyasu Nakano, Miki Hattori, Midori Ozawa, Yoshinori Sato, Yoshiko Ikeda, Shun-Ichiro Ozawa, Masaki Yamashita, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Fumio Itoh
We present a rare case of fecaloma, 7 cm in size, in the setting of systemic scleroderma. A colonoscopy revealed a giant brown fecaloma occupying the lumen of the colon and a colonic ulcer that was caused by the fecaloma. The surface of the fecaloma was hard, large and slippery, and fragmentation was not possible despite the use of various devices, including standard biopsy forceps, an injection needle, and a snare. However, jumbo forceps were able to shave the surface of the fecaloma and break it successfully by repeated biting for 6 h over 2 d...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243820/digestion-of-ceramide-2-aminoethylphosphonate-a-sphingolipid-from-the-jumbo-flying-squid-dosidicus-gigas-in-mice
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nami Tomonaga, Yuki Manabe, Tatsuya Sugawara
Ceramide 2-aminoethylphosphonate (CAEP), a sphingophosphonolipid containing a carbon-phosphorus bond, is frequently found in marine organisms and has a unique triene type of sphingoid base in its structure. CAEP has not been evaluated as a food ingredient, although it is generally contained in Mollusca organisms such as squids and shellfish, which are consumed worldwide. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the effects of CAEP as a food component by evaluating the digestion of CAEP extracted from the skin of the jumbo flying squid Dosidicus gigas...
April 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214460/managing-acetabular-defects-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#8
REVIEW
Brian Park, Frank Liporace, Scott Marwin
With the aging population and rising incidence of primary total joint arthroplasty has come the increasing incidence of revision total hip arthroplasties. One challenge in revision total hip arthroplasty is dealing with acetabular defects. The orthopaedic surgeon who chooses to take on these challenges requires a proper method for the evaluation of these defects as well as an evidence-based treatment algorithm. Initial assessment requires appropriate use and interpretation of imaging modalities such as x-rays and computed tomography...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196958/transcription-profiling-of-bacillus-subtilis-cells-infected-with-ar9-a-giant-phage-encoding-two-multisubunit-rna-polymerases
#9
Daria Lavysh, Maria Sokolova, Marina Slashcheva, Konrad U Förstner, Konstantin Severinov
Bacteriophage AR9 is a recently sequenced jumbo phage that encodes two multisubunit RNA polymerases. Here we investigated the AR9 transcription strategy and the effect of AR9 infection on the transcription of its host, Bacillus subtilis Analysis of whole-genome transcription revealed early, late, and continuously expressed AR9 genes. Alignment of sequences upstream of the 5' ends of AR9 transcripts revealed consensus sequences that define early and late phage promoters. Continuously expressed AR9 genes have both early and late promoters in front of them...
February 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174560/things-are-getting-hairy-enterobacteria-bacteriophage-vb_pcam_cbb
#10
Colin Buttimer, Hanne Hendrix, Hugo Oliveira, Aidan Casey, Horst Neve, Olivia McAuliffe, R Paul Ross, Colin Hill, Jean-Paul Noben, Jim O'Mahony, Rob Lavigne, Aidan Coffey
Enterobacteria phage vB_PcaM_CBB is a "jumbo" phage belonging to the family Myoviridae. It possesses highly atypical whisker-like structures along the length of its contractile tail. It has a broad host range with the capability of infecting species of the genera Erwinia, Pectobacterium, and Cronobacter. With a genome of 355,922 bp, excluding a predicted terminal repeat of 22,456 bp, phage CBB is the third largest phage sequenced to date. Its genome was predicted to encode 554 ORFs with 33 tRNAs. Based on prediction and proteome analysis of the virions, 29% of its predicted ORFs could be functionally assigned...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109677/effect-of-pulsed-ultrasound-on-the-physicochemical-characteristics-and-emulsifying-properties-of-squid-dosidicus-gigas-mantle-proteins
#11
O A Higuera-Barraza, W Torres-Arreola, J M Ezquerra-Brauer, F J Cinco-Moroyoqui, J C Rodríguez Figueroa, E Marquez-Ríos
Food technologists are always looking to improve the functional properties of proteins. In this sense, in last years ultrasound has been used to improve some functional properties. For this reason, and considering that jumbo squid is an important fishery in northwest Mexico, the purpose of this research was to determine the effect of pulsed ultrasound on the physicochemical characteristics and emulsifying properties of squid (Dosidicus gigas) mantle proteins. Pulsed ultrasound (20kHz, 20, and 40% amplitude) was applied for 30, 60, and 90s to a protein extract prepared from giant squid mantle causing an increase (p<0...
January 12, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009054/new-icing-media-for-quality-enhancement-of-chilled-hake-merluccius-merluccius-using-a-jumbo-squid-dosidicus-gigas-skin-extract
#12
Josafat Marina Ezquerra-Brauer, José M Miranda, Jesús Enrique Chan-Higuera, Jorge Barros-Velázquez, Santiago P Aubourg
BACKGROUND: An advanced strategy for chilled fish preservation, based on the inclusion in ice of an extract of jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas) skin (JSS), is proposed. Aqueous solutions including acetic acid-ethanol extracts of JSS were tested at two different concentrations as icing media, with the effects on the quality evolution of chilled hake (Merluccius merluccius) being monitored. RESULTS: A significant inhibition (P < 0.05) of microbial activity (aerobes, psychrotrophs, Enterobacteriaceae, proteolytic bacteria; pH, trimethylamine) was obtained in hake corresponding to the icing batch including the highest JSS concentration...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865618/actinidia-arguta-supplementation-protects-aorta-and-liver-in-rats-with-induced-hypercholesterolemia
#13
Maria Leontowicz, Hanna Leontowicz, Iwona Jesion, Wojciech Bielecki, Katarzyna Najman, Piotr Latocha, Yong-Seo Park, Shela Gorinstein
There are no published results focusing on the study of hardy kiwifruit as a supplementation to the atherogenic diet. We hypothesized that hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta (A. arguta)) from Poland possess better pro-healthy action than two Asian varieties (Hayward and Bidan). We tested this hypothesis by measuring the metabolic reactions of rats loaded with 1% cholesterol and supplemented with 5% of hardy kiwifruit (A. arguta), Hayward, or Bidan in their diets. The experiment was performed on 71 male Wistar rats...
November 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807452/child-survival-strategies-assessment-of-knowledge-and-practice-of-rural-women-of-reproductive-age-in-cross-river-state-nigeria
#14
Aniekan Jumbo Etokidem, Ofonime Johnson
Introduction. Nigeria is one of the five countries that account for about 50% of under-five mortality in the world. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of child survival strategies among rural community caregivers in Cross River State of Nigeria. Materials and Methods. This descriptive cross-sectional survey used a pretested questionnaire to obtain information from 150 women of reproductive age. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 20. Results. The child survival strategy known to most of the respondents was oral rehydration therapy as indicated by 98% followed by female education by 73...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707469/description-of-plastic-remains-found-in-the-stomach-contents-of-the-jumbo-squid-dosidicus-gigas-landed-in-ecuador-during-2014
#15
Rigoberto Rosas-Luis
Squids are active and opportunistic predators that feed on a wide range of prey. Their active movements in the water column and their voracity promote a high consumption of food. In the pelagic environment off Ecuador, marine pollution is characterized by plastic debris with a mainland origin, including plastics trash of fishing gears. The objective of this work was to describe the presence of plastic remains in the stomach contents of Dosidicus gigas caught off the coast of Ecuador. Results demonstrated that 12% of the stomachs contained plastic remains...
December 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663505/the-gastric-acid-pocket-is-attenuated-in-h-pylori-infected-subjects
#16
David R Mitchell, Mohammad H Derakhshan, Angela A Wirz, Clare Orange, Stuart A Ballantyne, James J Going, Kenneth E L McColl
OBJECTIVE: Gastric acid secretory capacity in different anatomical regions, including the postprandial acid pocket, was assessed in Helicobacter pylori positive and negative volunteers in a Western population. DESIGN: We studied 31 H. pylori positive and 28 H. pylori negative volunteers, matched for age, gender and body mass index. Jumbo biopsies were taken at 11 predetermined locations from the gastro-oesophageal junction and stomach. Combined high-resolution pH metry (12 sensors) and manometry (36 sensors) was performed for 20 min fasted and 90 min postprandially...
September 23, 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619796/characteristics-and-complete-genome-analysis-of-a-novel-jumbo-phage-infecting-pathogenic-bacillus-pumilus-causing-ginger-rhizome-rot-disease
#17
Yihui Yuan, Meiying Gao
Tailed phages with genomes larger than 200 kbp are classified as jumbo phage and exhibit extremely high diversity. In this study, a novel jumbo phage, vB_BpuM_BpSp, infecting pathogenic Bacillus pumilus, the cause of ginger rhizome rot disease, was isolated. Notable features of phage vB_BpuM_BpSp are the large phage capsid of 137 nm and baseplate-attached curly tail fibers. The genome of the phage is 255,569 bp in size with G+C content of 25.9 %, and it shows low similarity to known biological entities...
December 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588938/the-role-of-water-on-the-structure-and-mechanical-properties-of-a-thermoplastic-natural-block-co-polymer-from-squid-sucker-ring-teeth
#18
Clément Rieu, Luca Bertinetti, Roman Schuetz, Cesar Ca Salinas-Zavala, James C Weaver, Peter Fratzl, Ali Miserez, Admir Masic
Hard biological polymers exhibiting a truly thermoplastic behavior that can maintain their structural properties after processing are extremely rare and highly desirable for use in advanced technological applications such as 3D-printing, biodegradable plastics and robust composites. One exception are the thermoplastic proteins that comprise the sucker ring teeth (SRT) of the Humboldt jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas). In this work, we explore the mechanical properties of reconstituted SRT proteins and demonstrate that the material can be re-shaped by simple processing in water and at relatively low temperature (below 100 °C)...
2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563033/genome-sequence-of-jumbo-phage-vb_abam_me3-of-acinetobacter-baumanni
#19
Colin Buttimer, Lisa O'Sullivan, Mohamed Elbreki, Horst Neve, Olivia McAuliffe, R Paul Ross, Colin Hill, Jim O'Mahony, Aidan Coffey
Bacteriophage (phage) vB_AbaM_ME3 was previously isolated from wastewater effluent using the propagating host Acinetobacter baumannii DSM 30007. The full genome was sequenced, revealing it to be the largest Acinetobacter bacteriophage sequenced to date with a size of 234,900 bp and containing 326 open reading frames (ORFs).
2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562100/acute-and-long-term-outcomes-in-a-drosophila-melanogaster-model-of-classic-galactosemia-occur-independently-of-galactose-1-phosphate-accumulation
#20
Jennifer M I Daenzer, Patricia P Jumbo-Lucioni, Marquise L Hopson, Kerry R Garza, Emily L Ryan, Judith L Fridovich-Keil
Classic galactosemia (CG) is a potentially lethal inborn error of metabolism that results from the profound loss of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT), the second enzyme in the Leloir pathway of galactose metabolism. Neonatal detection and dietary restriction of galactose minimizes or resolves the acute sequelae of CG, but fails to prevent the long-term complications experienced by a majority of patients. One of the substrates of GALT, galactose-1-phosphate (Gal-1P), accumulates to high levels in affected infants, especially following milk exposure, and has been proposed as the key mediator of acute and long-term pathophysiology in CG...
November 1, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
keyword
keyword
78023
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"