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X Li, M Ni, H Li, J L Song, X G Song, J Fu, K Liu, B Z Yu, J Y Chen
Objective: To evaluate the application and clinical results of two-stage total hip arthroplasty in the treatment of the deep hip infection following the internal fixation of hip fractures. Methods: From May 2007 to November 2014, 21 patients with active hip infection secondary to internal fixation of hip fractures were treated with two-stage total hip arthroplasty using a temporary antibiotic-loaded cement spacers. Of 21 cases, 15 were males and 6 were females, aged from 27 to 64 years (mean, 45); there are 18 cases of femoral neck fractures and 3 cases of intertrochanteric fractures...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Jakob van Oldenrijk, Vanessa A B Scholtes, Loes W A H van Beers, Carel H Geerdink, Bob B A M Niers, Wouter Runne, Mohit Bhandari, Rudolf W Poolman
OBJECTIVES: Primary aim was to compare the functional results at 3 months and 2 years between short and conventional cementless stem total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondary aim was to determine the feasibility of a double-blind implant-related trial. DESIGN: A prospective blinded randomised controlled multicentre trial in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. All patients, research assistants, clinical assessors, investigators and data analysts were blinded to the type of prosthesis...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
Johan Kärrholm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Michael Dietrich, Method Kabelitz, Claudio Dora, Patrick O Zingg
BACKGROUND: The direct minimally invasive anterior approach (DMIAA) and the use of uncemented stems demonstrated an increase in intraoperative fractures in recent literature. Whether the different design of the stems additionally influences the incidence of perioperative local complications, was the goal of this study. METHODS: From January 2008 until June 2010, all patients undergoing primary cementless total hip arthroplasty, using a DMIAA, were consecutively included...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
François Canovas, Sophie Putman, Julien Girard, Olivier Roche, François Bonnomet, Pierre Le Béguec
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) revision with cementless stems using a numeric global radiological score (GRxS) that summarizes two previously validated scores: secondary bone stock (SBS) and osseointegration-secondary stability (O-SS). METHOD: One hundred fifty cases of THA were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 6.5 ± 3.7 years. The GRxS combines the SBS, which evaluated cortical bone thickness, bone density and bone defects in each Gruen zone and the O-SS, which evaluated the location and extent of a single radiolucent line...
October 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Ji-Hyo Hwang, Sang-Min Kim, Kwang-Jun Oh, Yeesuk Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of dislocation and specific complications of the dual-mobility cup. METHODS: The arthroplasties involved 167 hips in 165 patients; 51 hips (30.5%) were in men and 116 (69.4%) were in women. The active articulation E1® dual-mobility cup (Biomet, Warsaw, IN, USA) was used, and the surgical approach was posterolateral in 120 hips and anterolateral in 47 hips. RESULTS: Four (2...
October 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Murad Pepe, Onur Kocadal, Tamer Erener, Kubilay Ceritoglu, Ertugrul Aksahin, Cem Nuri Aktekin
AIM: To compare the operation time, blood loss, and early outcomes of acetabular components with and without the screw. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent cementless acetabular component with or without screw and whose follow-up exceeded one year period in total hip arthroplasty were evaluated. A posterior approach was used in all surgical procedures by one experienced surgeon. Demographic data, operation time, intra- and postoperative blood loss volume, follow-up clinical score, cup migration, and osteolysis were recorded...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
Rasmus Cleemann, Mette Sørensen, Joan E Bechtold, Kjeld Søballe, Jørgen Baas
The bone-implant interface of cementless orthopedic implants can be described as a series of uneven sized gaps with discontinuous areas of direct bone-implant contact. Bridging these voids and crevices by addition of an anabolic stimulus to increase new bone formation can potentially improve osseointegration of implants. Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 (BMP-2) stimulates osteoblast formation to increase new bone formation but indirectly stimulates osteoclast activity. In this experiment we investigate the hypothesis that osseointegration, defined as mechanical push-out and histomorphometry, depends on the dose of BMP-2 when delivered as an anabolic agent with systemic administration of the anti-resorptive agent zoledronate to curb an increase in osteoclast activity...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Sean E Slaven, Richard L Purcell, Andrew W Mack, Nicholas A Bedard, Lucian C Warth, John J Callaghan
The purpose of this study was to update the results of a prospective series of 100 primary cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures that were performed between 1983 and 1986 with use of the Porous Coated Anatomic (PCA) system. This is one of the first prospective studies of cementless primary THA with a minimum of 25 years of follow-up. Twenty-one patients (22 hips) of the original series were alive and had clinical and radiographic follow-up at a minimum of 25 years postoperatively. Twenty-three percent (23) of all hips and 50% (11) of the hips among the living cohort had undergone revision for loosening and/or osteolysis of the acetabular component, and 7% (7) of all hips and 4...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
L Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Steffan Tabori-Jensen, Christina Frølich, Torben B Hansen, Søren Bøvling, Morten Homilius, Maiken Stilling
INTRODUCTION: Dual mobility (DM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) may reduce dislocation risk, but might increase the risk of high polyethylene (PE) wear due to double wearing surfaces. METHODS: 127 patients (97 female) with 129 hips operated with THA after displaced femoral neck fracture FNF between 2005 and 2011, were seen for a cross-sectional clinical follow-up. Acetabular components were Saturne® DM cups with 28mm chrome-cobalt heads in UHMWPE. Cementless cups (n = 73) were hydroxyapatite coated...
September 11, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Won-Sik Choy, Yong-Han Cha, Chung-Youb Jeon, Kyu-Sang Lee, Ha-Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: In the early days when delta ceramics were developed, there was a period of using delta ceramic liner and alumina ceramic head. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of total hip arthroplasty using delta ceramic liner on alumina ceramic head after a minimum of 10 years of follow-up and to evaluate problems of early delta ceramic liner. METHODS: Alumina on delta cementless total hip arthroplasty was performed in 92 hips (85 patients) from August 2005 to March 2007 at our hospital...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Guillem Bori, Guillem Navarro, Laura Morata, Jenaro A Fernández-Valencia, Alex Soriano, Xavier Gallart
BACKGROUND: The objective of our study is to evaluate our preliminary results after changing from a 2-stage revision arthroplasty protocol to a 1-stage revision arthroplasty protocol using cementless arthroplasty for all patients with chronic infected hip replacements. METHODS: Prospective study of all hip arthroplasties that were diagnosed with chronic infection and were treated using the 1-stage revision without taking into account the traditional criteria used to determine the use of a 1-stage revision was conducted...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Gulraj S Matharu, Andrew Judge, David W Murray, Hemant G Pandit
BACKGROUND: Trabecular metal (TM)-coated acetabular components are increasingly used in both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, previous studies assessing TM acetabular components have been small single-center cohorts with most lacking a control group. We compared revision rates following primary THA between TM and non-TM-coated acetabular components. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed using National Joint Registry data, which included primary THAs with the same cementless acetabular component (either TM or non-TM coated)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Joris Duerinckx, Simone Perelli, Pieter Caekebeke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Rami M A Al-Dirini
For cementless femoral stems, there is debate as to whether a collar enhances primary stability and load transfer compared to collarless designs. Finite Element (FE) analysis has the potential to compare stem designs within the same cohort, allowing for subtle performance differences to be identified, if present. Subject-specific FE models of intact and implanted femora were run for a diverse cohort (21 males, 20 females; BMI 16.4-41.2 kg.m(-2) , age 50-80yrs). Collared and collarless versions of Corail® (DePuy Synthes) were sized and positioned using an automated algorithm that aligns the femoral/stem axes, preserves the head-centre location and maximises metaphyseal fit...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Hongyi Shao, Chilung Chen, Daniel Scholl, Ahmad Faizan, Antonia F Chen
PURPOSE: The orientation and distance from the shaft of the femur and tibia to the articular surface centre is important for performing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with cementless stems. It is important to understand anatomic differences between races to match the tibial and femoral shaft axis to the knee articular surface. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare knee morphology between Caucasian and East Asian individuals to determine the optimal placement of tibial and femoral stems...
September 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Romain Gaillard, Thierry Gaillard, Stephane Denjean, Sebastien Lustig
INTRODUCTION: This study compares survival and outcomes in four total knee arthroplasty (TKA) populations defined by baseline body mass index (BMI). We hypothesised that there would be no difference in survival between the groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using an initial cohort of 1059 TKAs, BMI was systematically measured prior to surgery. A retrospective study was conducted and patients were accordingly allocated to four groups: normal or underweight (BMI < 25; n = 111), overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30; n = 417), moderately obese (30 ≤ BMI < 35; n = 330) and severely or morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 35; n = 201)...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Daniel Gerscovich, Catherine Schwing, Anthony Unger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term follow-up of cementless total knee arthroplasty with the trabecular metal (TM) monoblock tibial component at an average 10-year follow-up. This report is an extension of our previously reported series of 108 TM tibias reported in 2011 (Unger and Duggan, 2011). METHODS: Fifty-eight of the original 108 knees were available for review. Each follow-up patient was evaluated by radiologic and clinical Knee Society Scores...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
Hirokazu Takai, Tomoki Takahashi
Recently, navigation systems have been more widely utilized in total hip arthroplasty. However, almost all of these systems have been developed for cementless cups. In the case of cemented total hip arthroplasty using a navigation system, a special-ordered cemented holder is needed. We propose a novel cemented cup-holding technique for navigation systems using readily available articles. We combine a cementless cup holder with an inverted cementless trial cup. The resulting apparatus is used as a cemented cup holder...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
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