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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350776/school-based-work-capacity-evaluation-in-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-2-case-reports
#1
Connie C Johnson, Deborah S Rose
PURPOSE: These case reports examine the application of a work capacity/work-hardening model to increase work capacity in young people with disabilities. KEY POINTS: Examination, evaluation, interventions, and outcomes are described for 2 teenagers with intellectual disability. This approach is novel in that it uses functional capacity evaluation concepts used in ergonomic/occupational health contexts and applies them to youth with disabilities in educational settings...
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346472/can-group-based-reassuring-information-alter-low-back-pain-behavior-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Pernille Frederiksen, Aage Indahl, Lars L Andersen, Kim Burton, Rasmus Hertzum-Larsen, Tom Bendix
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is common in the population and multifactorial in nature, often involving negative consequences. Reassuring information to improve coping is recommended for reducing the negative consequences of LBP. Adding a simple non-threatening explanation for the pain (temporary muscular dysfunction) has been successful at altering beliefs and behavior when delivered with other intervention elements. This study investigates the isolated effect of this specific information on future occupational behavior outcomes when delivered to the workforce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346159/using-actigraphy-feedback-to-improve-sleep-in-soldiers-an-exploratory-trial
#3
Amy B Adler, Brian C Gunia, Paul D Bliese, Paul Y Kim, Matthew L LoPresti
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of wearing an actigraph and receiving personalized feedback on the sleep of a high-risk occupational group: United States soldiers recently returned from a combat deployment. DESIGN: Following a baseline survey with a full sample, a subsample of soldiers wore an actigraph, received feedback, and completed a brief survey. Two months later, the full sample completed a follow-up survey. The actigraph intervention involved wearing an actigraph for 3 weeks and then receiving a personalized report about sleep patterns and an algorithm-based estimate of cognitive functioning derived from individual sleep patterns...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346129/health-information-exchange-as-a-complex-and-adaptive-construct-scoping-review
#4
Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: To understand how the concept of Health Information Exchange (HIE) has evolved over time. METHODS:  Supplementary analysis of data from a systematic scoping review of definitions of HIE from 1900 to 2014, involving temporal analysis of underpinning themes. RESULTS: The search identified 268 unique definitions of HIE dating from 1957 onwards; 103 in scientific databases and 165 in Google. These contained consistent themes, representing the core concept of exchanging health information electronically, as well as fluid themes, reflecting the evolving policy, business, organisational and technological context of HIE (including the emergence of HIE as an organisational 'entity')...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345684/-analysis-of-changes-in-radiographic-lung-image-and-lung-ventilation-disorders-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-chrysotile-in-the-past
#5
Elżbieta Cwynar, Beata Świątkowska, Jarosław Tomczyk
BACKGROUND: The adverse health effects of occupational exposure to asbestos dust may occur several years after first exposure. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between lesions in the respiratory system and the factors contributing to occupational exposure to asbestos described in the first medical examination as well as to analyze the factors responsible for the progression of these changes in further medical tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 591 former workers of asbestos processing plant "Gambit" in Lubawka...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345424/does-a-social-behavioural-gradient-in-dental-health-exist-among-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Mariantonietta Arrica, Giovanna Carta, Fabio Cocco, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Silvana Sale, Gaetano Ierardo, Laura Strohmenger, Livia Ottolenghi, Guglielmo Campus
Objective To explore the potential presence of a social/behavioural gradient in dental health among Italian adults using a cross-sectional study. Methods Caries indices were recorded among 480 subjects (52.9% men, 47.1% women) who also completed a structured self-administered social and behavioural questionnaire. A social/behavioural gradient was generated as the sum of the worst circumstances recorded on the questionnaire (cariogenic diet, smoking, lowest occupational profile, brushing teeth < twice daily, lowest educational level, uneven dental examination attendance)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344848/occupational-heat-stress-impacts-on-health-and-productivity-in-a-steel-industry-in-southern-india
#7
Manikandan Krishnamurthy, Paramesh Ramalingam, Kumaravel Perumal, Latha Perumal Kamalakannan, Jeremiah Chinnadurai, Rekha Shanmugam, Krishnan Srinivasan, Vidhya Venugopal
BACKGROUND: Workers laboring in steel industries in tropical settings with high ambient temperatures are subjected to thermally stressful environments that can create well-known risks of heat-related illnesses and limit workers' productivity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study undertaken in a steel industry in a city nicknamed "Steel City" in Southern India assessed thermal stress by wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and level of dehydration from urine color and urine specific gravity...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344847/exercise-self-efficacy-as-a-mediator-between-goal-setting-and-physical-activity-developing-the-workplace-as-a-setting-for-promoting-physical-activity
#8
Yoshie Iwasaki, Sumihisa Honda, Shuji Kaneko, Kazuhiro Kurishima, Ayumi Honda, Ayumu Kakinuma, Doosub Jahng
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is ranked as a leading health indicator and the workplace is a key setting to promote PA. The purpose of this study was to examine how goal-setting and exercise self-efficacy (SE) during a health promotion program influenced PA level among Japanese workers. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we surveyed 281 employees. The short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess PA level...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344838/establishing-a-policy-framework-for-the-primary-prevention-of-occupational-cancer-a-proposal-based-on-a-prospective-health-policy-analysis
#9
Amanda Veglia, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Despite our knowledge of the causes of cancer, millions of workers are involuntarily exposed to a wide range of known and suspected carcinogens in the workplace. To address this issue from a policy perspective, we developed a policy framework based on a prospective health policy analysis. Use of the framework was demonstrated for developing policies to prevent cancers associated with diesel engine exhaust (DEE), asbestos, and shift work, three occupational carcinogens with global reach and large cancer impact...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344835/a-review-of-mercury-exposure-and-health-of-dental-personnel
#10
REVIEW
Natasha Nagpal, Silvana S Bettiol, Amy Isham, Ha Hoang, Leonard A Crocombe
Considerable effort has been made to address the issue of occupational health and environmental exposure to mercury. This review reports on the current literature of mercury exposure and health impacts on dental personnel. Citations were searched using four comprehensive electronic databases for articles published between 2002 and 2015. All original articles that evaluated an association between the use of dental amalgam and occupational mercury exposure in dental personnel were included. Fifteen publications from nine different countries met the selection criteria...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344815/occupational-exposure-to-sharps-injury-among-healthcare-providers-in-ethiopia-regional-hospitals
#11
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Getaneh Baye Mulu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Kefyalew Dagne Gizachew
BACKGROUND: Sharps injury is a penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. According to World Health Organization pooled estimate, the annual incidence of sharps injury in Africa was ranged from 2.10 to 4.68 per person per year, but research data in Ethiopia is limited. The aim of the study was to investigate sharps injury prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 healthcare providers (HCP) in Northeast Ethiopia...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344544/the-association-between-occupational-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-life-satisfaction-among-adults-in-the-european-union
#12
Nikita B Rajani, Iris T Vlachantoni, Constantine I Vardavas, Filippos T Filippidis
BACKGROUND: Despite existing legislation, a large proportion of the European Union (EU) population is exposed to occupational secondhand smoke (SHS). The aim of this study was to explore associations between occupational exposure to SHS and self-reported life satisfaction. METHODS: We analysed data collected through the Eurobarometer survey (wave 82.4) from n = 11,788 individuals working in indoor spaces. The sample was representative of the population of the 28 EU member states...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344515/burnout-among-nurses-working-in-social-welfare-centers-for-the-disabled
#13
Eleni Lahana, Konstantina Papadopoulou, Olga Roumeliotou, Andreas Tsounis, Pavlos Sarafis, Dimitris Niakas
BACKGROUND: In the healthcare sector, we often come across the burnout syndrome. It is an occupational syndrome which causes, physical and emotional exhaustion. More information is needed on the dangers of burnout and how often it occurs in healthcare. The purpose of this study was to investigate burnout and factors associated with the syndrome among nurses working with people that are mentally challenged. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, among 180 nurses working in public health centers for the disabled in multiple regions of Greece...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344095/early-detection-clinical-diagnosis-and-management-of-lung-disease-from-exposure-to-diacetyl
#14
Cecile S Rose
Inhalation of diacetyl-containing products is associated with risk for occupational bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) and fixed airways obstruction, particularly in workers exposed to heated liquids and powdered formulations. This review describes the occupational settings in which diacetyl-related lung disease has been reported and the clinical presentation of disease, along with an approach to diagnosis and management. The importance of early disease recognition, appropriate removal from exposure, and medical monitoring to optimize prognosis is reviewed...
March 23, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343703/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-environmental-cleaning-among-environmental-service-workers-in-chinese-hospitals
#15
Kaiwen Ni, Bingbing Chen, Hui Jin, Qingxin Kong, Xiaoping Ni, Hong Xu
We conducted a study using a face-to-face survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of environmental service workers (ESWs) concerning routine cleaning and disinfection at 3 tertiary hospitals in China. There were 115 (89.1%) respondents who agreed that environmental cleaning can contribute to keep patients safe, whereas 63 (48.8%) reported they were very willing to make cleaning practices better. Only 15 (11.6%) ESWs agreed they were in risk of nosocomial infections during daily cleaning. Our findings suggest that the level of ESWs' knowledge regarding cleaning practices was passable, but the awareness of occupational safety and health was weak...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343280/relationships-between-work-related-factors-and-musculoskeletal-health-with-current-and-future-work-ability-among-male-workers
#16
J S Boschman, A Noor, R Lundström, T Nilsson, J K Sluiter, M Hagberg
PURPOSE: The purpose was to increase job-specific knowledge about individual and work-related factors and their relationship with current and future work ability (WA). We studied cross-sectional relationships between mental demands, physical exertion during work, grip strength, musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremities and WA and the relationships between these variables and WA 11 years later. METHODS: We used a dataset of a prospective cohort study (1997-2008) among employees of an engineering plant (n = 157)...
March 25, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343022/stakeholder-evaluation-of-an-online-program-to-promote-physical-activity-and-workplace-safety-for-individuals-with-disability
#17
Mara Nery-Hurwit, Laurel Kincl, Simon Driver, Brittany Heller
Individuals with disabilities face increasing health and employment disparities, including increased risk of morbidity and mortality and decreased earnings, occupational roles, and greater risk of injury at work. Thus, there is a need to improve workplace safety and health promotion efforts for people with disability. The purpose of this study was to obtain stakeholder feedback about an online program, Be Active, Work Safe, which was developed to increase the physical activity and workplace safety practices of individuals with disability...
March 11, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342146/religious-practice-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adolescent-girls
#18
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Fariba Alizadeh Sharajabad, Favziye Sanaati
This study aimed to determine the relationship between religious practice and health-related quality of life in adolescent girls in Tabriz, Iran, 2014-2015. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 520 female students who were selected using the random sampling method. Religious practice and health-related quality of life questionnaires were used for data collection. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship between health-related quality of life and received religious support, religiosity, father's and mother's education, father's occupation, family economic status, and the number of children...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340935/individual-and-hospital-related-determinants-of-potentially-inappropriate-admissions-emerging-from-administrative-records
#19
Marco Fusco, Alessandra Buja, Paolo Piergentili, Maria Teresa Golfetto, Gianni Serafin, Silvia Gallo, Livio Dalla Barba, Vincenzo Baldo
INTRODUCTION: The appropriate use of health care is an important issue in developed countries. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the extent of potentially inappropriate hospital admissions and their individual, clinical and hospital-related determinants. METHODS: Medical records were analyzed for the year 2014 held by the Local Heath Unit n. 13 in the Veneto Region of north-east Italy (19,000 records). The outcomes calculated were: admissions for conditions amenable to day hospital care; brief medical admissions; outlier lengths of stay for elderly patients' medical admissions; and medical admissions to surgical wards...
November 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#20
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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