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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441437/quantitative-modeling-of-responses-to-chronic-ionizing-radiation-exposure-using-targeted-and-non-targeted-effects
#1
Igor Shuryak
The biological effects of chronic ionizing radiation exposure can be difficult to study, but important to understand in order to protect the health of occupationally-exposed persons and victims of radiological accidents or malicious events. They include targeted effects (TE) caused by ionizations within/close to nuclear DNA, and non-targeted effects (NTE) caused by damage to other cell structures and/or activation of stress-signaling pathways in distant cells. Data on radiation damage in animal populations exposed over multiple generations to wide ranges of dose rates after the Chernobyl nuclear-power-plant accident are very useful for enhancing our understanding of these processes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440685/work-environment-an-opportunity-for-ground-breaking-collaborations-in-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#2
Marco M Ferrario, Paul Landsbergis, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Jian Li, Pikhart Hynek, Niklas Krause, Peter Smith, Andreas Holtermann, And Els Clays
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440535/socioeconomic-status-and-its-relationship-to-chronic-respiratory-disease
#3
Sonu Sahni, Ankoor Talwar, Sameer Khanijo, Arunabh Talwar
Socioeconomic status (SES) is defined as an individual's social or economic standing, and is a measure of an individual's or family's social or economic position or rank in a social group. It is a composite of several measures including income, education, occupation, location of residence or housing. Studies have found a lower SES has been linked to disproportionate access to health care in many diseases. There is emerging data in pulmonary diseases such as COPD, asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension and other chronic respiratory conditions that allude to a similar observation noted in other chronic diseases...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440083/systems-metabolomics-for-prediction-of-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Estelle Pujos-Guillot, Marion Brandolini, Mélanie Pétéra, Dhouha Grissa, Charlotte Joly, Bernard Lyan, Eléonore Herquelot, Sébastien Czernichow, Marie Zins, Marcel Goldberg, Blandine Comte
The evolution of human health is a continuum of transitions, involving multifaceted processes at multiple levels and there is an urgent need for integrative biomarkers that can characterize and predict progression towards disease development. The objective of this work was to perform a systems metabolomics approach to predict metabolic syndrome (MetS) development. A case-control design was used within the French occupational GAZEL cohort (n=112 males: discovery study; n=94: replication/validation study). Our integrative strategy was to combine untargeted metabolomics with clinical, sociodemographic and food habit parameters to describe early phenotypes and build multidimensional predictive models...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439383/the-association-between-quality-of-sleep-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-military-and-non-military-women-in-tehran-iran
#5
Narges Roustaei, Hajar Jamali, Mohammad Reza Jamali, Pegah Nourshargh, Jamshid Jamali
OBJECTIVES: Quality of sleep (QoS) in individuals is affected by their occupation and is one of the factors affecting the quality of life (QoL). Few studies have evaluated the relationship between QoS and QoL in military women personnel. The aim of this study was to assess QoL and QoS, and compare their relationship among military and non-military women in Tehran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 90 women working in Tehran during 2014, 30 were military forces, 30 were military staff, and 30 were civilian organizations staff...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439143/dynamics-of-urban-informal-labor-supply-in-the-united-states
#6
Samara R Gunter
OBJECTIVE: This study provides the first panel data estimates of informal work in the US and explores relationships between informal- and regular-sector participation among urban parents of young children. METHODS: I examine determinants of informal-sector participation in five waves of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study using probit, pooled Tobit, and fixed effects OLS models. RESULTS: Approximately 53 percent of urban fathers and 32 percent of urban mothers with young children pursue informal work over a nine-year period...
March 2017: Social Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438409/health-workers-attitudes-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-influenza-immunization-in-lima-peru-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Magdalena Bazán, Erika Villacorta, Gisella Barbagelatta, M Michelle Jimenez, Cecilia Goya, Rosario M Bartolini, Mary E Penny
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against seasonal influenza in health workers is recommended but coverage is variable. This study aimed to determine coverage of influenza vaccination among health workers in Lima, Peru in 2010; explore barriers and enabling elements for vaccination; and suggest strategies to improve coverage. METHODS: Qualitative interviews informed the development of a survey instrument that consisted of open and close-ended questions. Sub-analyses were done by occupational group and results were calculated as percentages for each possible response with confidence intervals of 95%...
April 21, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437694/the-benefits-of-paid-maternity-leave-for-mothers-post-partum-health-and-wellbeing-evidence-from-an-australian-evaluation
#8
Belinda Hewitt, Lyndall Strazdins, Bill Martin
This paper investigates the health effects of the introduction of a near universal paid parental leave (PPL) scheme in Australia, representing a natural social policy experiment. Along with gender equity and workforce engagement, a goal of the scheme (18 weeks leave at the minimum wage rate) was to enhance the health and wellbeing of mothers and babies. Although there is evidence that leave, especially paid leave, can benefit mothers' health post-partum, the potential health benefits of implementing a nationwide scheme have rarely been investigated...
April 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437652/review-of-take-home-pesticide-exposure-pathway-in-children-living-in-agricultural-areas
#9
REVIEW
Carly Hyland, Ouahiba Laribi
BACKGROUND: Children of farmworkers may be chronically exposed to pesticides via the take-home exposure pathway. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to analyze scientific literature evaluating the role of the take-home pesticide exposure pathway in children of agricultural workers. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken and inclusion criteria were applied to identify original articles of interest. Of the 30 articles included in this review, some belonged to the same studies, resulting in a total of 23 studies...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437428/prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-among-under-and-post-graduate-healthcare-students-in-italy
#10
Monica Lamberti, Francesco Napolitano, Paola Napolitano, Antonio Arnese, Vincenzo Crispino, Gianclaudio Panariello, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
A cross-sectional study was carried out on 641 medical students, 359 students attending a degree course in the healthcare professions, and 500 resident physicians, all undergoing health surveillance at the ambulatory of the Division of Occupational Medicine, Second University of Naples, Italy. 76.1% of the participants drank alcohol, with 85.5% of medical students, 77.4% of resident physicians, and 63% of healthcare-professions students reporting regular alcohol use. In the whole sample, the mean Audit-C score was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436751/analysing-workplace-violence-towards-health-care-staff-in-public-hospitals-using-alternative-ordered-response-models-the-case-of-north-eastern-turkey
#11
Ali Kemal Çelik, Erkan Oktay, Kübranur Çebi
The main objective of this paper is to determine key factors that may have a significant effect on the verbal abuse, emotional abuse, and physical assault of health care workers in north-eastern Turkey. A self-administered survey was conducted to 450 health care workers in three well-established hospitals in Erzurum, Turkey. Due to the discrete and ordered nature of the dependent variable of the survey, the data were analysed using four distinctive ordered response models. Results revealed that several key variables were found to be a significant determinant of workplace violence such as the type of the health institution, occupational position, weekly working hours, weekly shift hours, the number of daily patient contacts, age group of the respondents, experience in the health sector, training against workplace violence, and the current policies of the hospitals and the Turkish Ministry of Health...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436703/in-the-driver-s-seat-development-and-implementation-of-an-e-learning-module-on-return-to-driving-after-stroke
#12
Janet Frith, Isobel Hubbard, Carole James, Helen Warren-Forward
Gaps exist in the knowledge of return-to-driving guidelines, and education is needed for Australian health professionals working in the field of stroke. In this paper, authors evaluate the implementation of an e-learning module. A pre- and post-module knowledge test and survey were used to assess the e-module's success in achieving its learning objectives. Initially, 204 learners completed the module, with 68% of learners scoring 100% in the post-module knowledge test. Only 12 learners completed the survey...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436138/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-industrial-workers-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#13
Malakeh Z Malak
Assessment and evaluation of the health-related quality of life of industrial workers is an important research focus. This descriptive correlational study identifies the predictors of health-related quality of life using a random sampling of industrial workers (n = 640) from construction factories in Amman Governorate in Jordan using demographic characteristics, a health and work-related factors questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief scale. Results showed that industrial workers had good physical health but a poor working environment...
April 24, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435825/assessment-of-the-efficiency-of-hospitals-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-health-sector-evolution-plan-in-iran-based-on-pabon-lasso-model
#14
Ghobad Moradi, Bakhtiar Piroozi, Hossein Safari, Nader Esmail Nasab, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad, Arezoo Yari
BACKGROUND: Pabon Lasso model was applied to assess the relative performance of hospitals affiliated to Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) before and after the implementation of Health Sector Evolution Plan (HSEP) in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 public hospitals affiliated to KUMS in 2015. Twelve months before and after the implementation of the first phase of HSEP, a checklist was used to collect data from computerized databases within the hospitals' admission and discharge units...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435812/scientometrics-on-public-health-research-in-iran-increase-of-area-studies-despite-embargoes-a-review-article
#15
REVIEW
Brice Poreau
BACKGROUND: Due to embargoes and sanctions from 1979 until 2015, impact on scientific research in Iran may be critical. Public health is the main example of this burning point. In this paper, the aim was to map the scientific research in public health in Iran until 2014 with area studies as well as networks of countries involved. METHODS: We used bibliographic analyses using VOS viewer software for network analysis during the period 1975-2014. Two databases were used: Web of Science and PubMed...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434837/metabolic-syndrome-components-and-diabetes-incidence-according-to-the-presence-or-absence-of-impaired-fasting-glucose-the-japan-epidemiology-collaboration-on-occupational-health-study
#16
Kayo Kurotani, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Teppei Imai, Akiko Nishihara, Kentaro Tomita, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Taizo Murakami, Chii Shimizu, Makiko Shimizu, Satsue Nagahama, Tohru Nakagawa, Toru Honda, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Hiroko Okazaki, Naoko Sasaki, Ai Hori, Chihiro Nishiura, Keisuke Kuwahara, Reiko Kuroda, Shamima Akter, Ikuko Kashino, Akiko Nanri, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Naoki Kunugita, Seitaro Dohi
BACKGROUND: We prospectively examined the association of diabetes risk with the number of metabolic abnormalities, as well as their combinations, according to the presence or absence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in a large-scale Japanese working population. METHODS: Participants included 55,271 workers at 11 companies who received periodic health check-ups between 2008 and 2013. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) components were defined using the 2009 Joint Interim Statement...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434254/association-of-gstt1-null-xpd-751%C3%A2-cc-and-xpc-939%C3%A2-cc-genotypes-with-increased-levels-of-genomic-damage-among-hospital-pathologists
#17
Alfredo Santovito, Marta Delsoglio, Eleonora Manitta, Giulia Picco, Giulia Meschiati, Michela Chiarizio, Claudio Gendusa, Piero Cervella
CONTEXT: Hospital workers are at risk for genotoxic damage following occupationally exposure to xenobiotics. Pathologists are exposed to chemicals during their use in health care environments, particularly throughout inhalation of airborne agents, absorption through skin or contact with the patient's body fluids. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the level of genomic damage in a sample of 61 hospital pathologists (occupationally exposed to antineoplastic drugs and sterilizing agents) and 60 control subjects...
April 24, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432371/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-occupational-health-outcomes-in-canada
#18
Anson Kc Li, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) has a negative impact on employment and workplace injury, but there is little data within the Canadian context. OBJECTIVE: To determine if DM has an impact on various occupational health outcomes using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: CCHS data between 2001 and 2014 were used to assess the relationships between DM and various occupational health outcomes. The final sample size for the 14-year study period was 505 606, which represented 159 432 239 employed Canadians aged 15-75 years during this period...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432368/indoor-radon-in-micro-geological-setting-of-an-indigenous-community-in-canada-a-pilot-study-for-hazard-identification
#19
Atanu Sarkar, Derek Hc Wilton, Erica Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. In Canada, the health authorities have no access to comprehensive profile of the communities built over uranium-rich micro-geological settings. The present indoor radon monitoring guideline is unable to provide an accurate identification of health hazards due to discounting several parameters of housing characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To explore indoor radon levels in a micro-geological setting known for high uranium in bedrock and to develop a theoretical model for a revised radon testing protocol...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431582/social-media-engagement-analysis-of-u-s-federal-health-agencies-on-facebook
#20
Sanmitra Bhattacharya, Padmini Srinivasan, Philip Polgreen
BACKGROUND: It is becoming increasingly common for individuals and organizations to use social media platforms such as Facebook. These are being used for a wide variety of purposes including disseminating, discussing and seeking health related information. U.S. Federal health agencies are leveraging these platforms to 'engage' social media users to read, spread, promote and encourage health related discussions. However, different agencies and their communications get varying levels of engagement...
April 21, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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