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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732033/spatial-and-simultaneous-representative-seroprevalence-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-owners-and-their-domiciled-dogs-in-a-major-city-of-southern-brazil
#1
Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Felippe Danyel Cardoso Martins, Marcelle Mareze, Nelson Jessé Rodrigues Santos, Fernanda Pinto Ferreira, Camila Marinelli Martins, João Luis Garcia, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Roberta Lemos Freire, Alexander Welker Biondo, Italmar Teodorico Navarro
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has traditionally been considered an important water and foodborne protozoonosis with important public health considerations. Although felids play a well-established role as definitive hosts, canine epidemiological involvement in the parasite's life cycle remains questionable and controversial. The increasing closeness of the human-dog bond, particularly seen in urban settings, has been recognized as a historically unprecedented worldwide movement. Sharing daily lives in the same households, dogs may be exposed to similar associated risks of T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731870/the-association-of-cognitive-reserve-in-chronic-phase-functional-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Jacob B Leary, Grace Y Kim, Catherine L Bradley, Uzma Z Hussain, Maryanne Sacco, Martha Bernad, John Collins, John Dsurney, Leighton Chan
OBJECTIVE: Examine the association of cognitive reserve (CR) factors (estimated premorbid intelligence quotient [IQ], years of education, and occupational attainment) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity with functional and neuropsychological outcomes 1 to 5 years following TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with mild (N = 58), moderate (N = 25), or severe (N = 17) TBI. MAIN MEASURES: Cognitive reserve factors (estimated premorbid IQ, years of education, and occupational attainment); neuropsychological test battery; Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended; Short Form-36 Health Survey...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731519/citizen-s-charter-in-a-primary-health-care-setting-of-nepal-an-accountability-tool-or-a-mere-wall-poster
#3
Gagan Gurung, Robin Gauld, Philip C Hill, Sarah Derrett
BACKGROUND: Despite some empirical findings on the usefulness of citizen's charters on awareness of rights and services, there is a dearth of literature about charter implementation and impact on health service delivery in low-income settings. OBJECTIVE: To gauge the level of awareness of the Charter within Nepal's primary health-care (PHC) system, perceived impact and factors affecting Charter implementation. METHOD: Using a case study design, a quantitative survey was administered to 400 participants from 22 of 39 PHC facilities in the Dang District to gauge awareness of the Charter...
July 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731374/trait-emotional-intelligence-related-to-bullying-in-elementary-school-children-and-to-victimization-in-boys
#4
Andrew A Peachey, Jeanne Wenos, Stephanie Baller
While Healthy People 2020 calls for a reduction of bullying among high school students as a public health priority, earlier intervention supported by Occupational Therapists may be warranted. The current study investigated the prevalence of bullying behaviors within an elementary school, compared the experiences of victims with those of perpetrators, and determined when and for whom Trait Emotional Intelligence is a predictor of bullying and victimization. Elementary school children ( n = 235) in Grades 3 to 5 completed the Forms of Bullying Scale-Victim, the Forms of Bullying Scale-Perpetrator, and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Child Short Form...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731073/-effect-of-stress-and-intesity-of-mobile-phone-using-on-the-health-and-subjective-symptoms-in-gsm-workers
#5
Agata Szyjkowska, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Wiesław Szymczak, Alicja Bortkiewicz
BACKGROUND: There are no available data on the health consequences that may result from the synergistic effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and stress. Understanding the mechanisms of the simultaneous exposure will make it possible to develop procedures to minimize adverse health effects in professionals using mobile phones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 600 randomly selected people to obtain data on their health status and the prevalence of subjective symptoms related to the mobile phones using...
July 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730897/intervention-and-management-of-developmental-coordination-disorder-are-we-providing-evidence-based-services-intervention-et-traitement-d-un-trouble-du-d%C3%A3-veloppement-de-la-coordination-les-ergoth%C3%A3-rapeutes-fournissent-ils-des-services-fond%C3%A3-s-sur-les-faits
#6
Renée Withers, Yoyo Tsang, Jill G Zwicker
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists are well positioned to provide intervention to improve outcomes for children with developmental coordination disorder. However, little is known about what occupational therapy services are provided for these children. PURPOSE: As part of a larger study exploring service provision for children with developmental coordination disorder, the purpose of this study was to examine intervention and referral practices of occupational therapists in British Columbia, Canada...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730564/a-new-approach-to-assess-occupational-exposure-to-airborne-fungal-contamination-and-mycotoxins-of-forklift-drivers-in-waste-sorting-facilities
#7
Carla Viegas, Tiago Faria, Ana Cebola de Oliveira, Liliana Aranha Caetano, Elisabete Carolino, Anita Quintal-Gomes, Magdalena Twarużek, Robert Kosicki, Ewelina Soszczyńska, Susana Viegas
The waste management industry is an important employer, and exposure of waste-handling workers to microorganisms is considered an occupational health problem. Besides fungal contamination, it is important to consider the co-occurrence of mycotoxins in this setting. Forklifts with closed cabinet and air conditioner are commonly used in waste industry to transport waste and other products within the facilities, possibly increasing the risk of exposure under certain conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the fungal contamination and mycotoxin levels in filters from the air conditioning system of forklift cabinets, as an indicator to assess occupational exposure of the drivers working in a waste sorting facility...
July 20, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730063/community-stakeholders-perspectives-on-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-in-primary-healthcare-implications-for-practice
#8
Deshini Naidoo, Jacqueline Van Wyk, Robin Joubert
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare (PHC) is central to increased access and transformation in South African healthcare. There is limited literature about services required by occupational therapists in PHC. Despite policy being in place, the implementation of services at grassroots level does not always occur adequately. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at gaining an understanding of the challenges of being disabled and the services required by occupational therapists (OTs) in rural communities in order to better inform the occupational therapy (OT) training curriculum...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729307/occupational-class-differences-in-long-sickness-absence-a-register-based-study-of-2-1-million-finnish-women-and-men-in-1996-2013
#9
Johanna Pekkala, Jenni Blomgren, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: Sickness absence is consistently higher in lower occupational classes, but attempts to analyse changes over time in socioeconomic differences are scarce. We examined trends in medically certified sickness absence by occupational class in Finland from 1996 to 2013 and assessed the magnitude and changes in absolute and relative occupational class differences. DESIGN: Population-based, repeated cross-sectional study. SETTING: A 70% random sample of Finns aged between 25 and 63 years in the years 1996-2013...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#10
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Objectives: Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. There is not a comprehensive picture of the health status and work-related hazards among Iranian farmers. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Methods: Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published until March 2017...
July 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728088/phthalate-and-non-phthalate-plasticizers-in-indoor-dust-from-childcare-facilities-salons-and-homes-across-the-usa
#11
Bikram Subedi, Kenneth D Sullivan, Birendra Dhungana
The quality of indoor environment has received considerable attention owing to the declining outdoor human activities and the associated public health issues. The prolonged exposure of children in childcare facilities or the occupational exposure of adults to indoor environmental triggers can be a culprit of the pathophysiology of several commonly observed idiopathic syndromes. In this study, concentrations of potentially toxic plasticizers (phthalates as well as non-phthalates) were investigated in 28 dust samples collected from three different indoor environments across the USA...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#12
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727537/state-health-agency-and-local-health-department-workforce-identifying-top-development-needs
#13
Angela J Beck, Jonathon P Leider, Fatima Coronado, Elizabeth Harper
OBJECTIVES: To identify occupations with high-priority workforce development needs at public health departments in the United States. METHODS: We surveyed 46 state health agencies (SHAs) and 112 local health departments (LHDs). We asked respondents to prioritize workforce needs for 29 occupations and identify whether more positions, more qualified candidates, more competitive salaries for recruitment or retention, or new or different staff skills were needed. RESULTS: Forty-one SHAs (89%) and 36 LHDs (32%) participated...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#14
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726474/is-subjective-social-status-a-unique-correlate-of-physical-health-a-meta-analysis
#15
Jenny M Cundiff, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Both social stratification (e.g., social rank) as well as economic resources (e.g., income) are thought to contribute to socioeconomic health disparities. It has been proposed that subjective socioeconomic status (an individual's perception of his or her hierarchical rank) provides increased predictive utility for physical health over and above more traditional, well-researched socioeconomic constructs such as education, occupation, and income. METHOD: PsycINFO and PubMed databases were systematically searched for studies examining the association of subjective socioeconomic status (SES) and physical health adjusting for at least 1 measure of objective SES...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725930/infant-positioning-baby-gear-use-and-cranial-asymmetry
#16
Anne H Zachry, Vikki G Nolan, Sarah B Hand, Susan A Klemm
Objectives This study aimed to identify predictors of cranial asymmetry. We hypothesize that among infants diagnosed with cranial asymmetry in the sampled region, there is an association between exposure to more time in baby gear and less awake time in prone and side-lying than in infants who do not present with this condition. Methods The study employed a cross sectional survey of caregivers of typically developing infants and infants diagnosed with cranial asymmetry. Results A mutivariable model reveals that caregivers of children who are diagnosed with cranial asymmetry report their children spending significantly less time in prone play than those children without a diagnosis of cranial asymmetry...
July 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724455/a-seroprevalence-study-to-determine-the-frequency-of-hantavirus-infection-in-people-exposed-to-wild-and-pet-fancy-rats-in-england
#17
J M Duggan, R Close, L McCann, D Wright, M Keys, N McCarthy, T Mannes, A Walsh, A Charlett, T J G Brooks
Recent cases of acute kidney injury due to Seoul hantavirus infection from exposure to wild or pet fancy rats suggest this infection is increasing in prevalence in the UK. We conducted a seroprevalence study in England to estimate cumulative exposure in at-risk groups with contact with domesticated and wild rats to assess risk and inform public health advice. From October 2013 to June 2014, 844 individual blood samples were collected. Hantavirus seroprevalence amongst the pet fancy rat owner group was 34.1% (95% CI 23·9-45·7%) compared with 3·3% (95% CI 1·6-6·0) in a baseline control group, 2·4% in those with occupational exposure to pet fancy rats (95% CI 0·6-5·9) and 1·7% with occupational exposure to wild rats (95% CI 0·2-5·9)...
July 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#18
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722152/pilot-of-the-boost-a%C3%A2-an-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-with-autism
#19
Megan Hatfield, Nina Murray, Marina Ciccarelli, Torbjörn Falkmer, Marita Falkmer
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents with autism face difficulties with the transition from high school into post-school activities. The Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™) is an online transition planning program which supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school. This study describes the development of the BOOST-A™ and aimed to determine the feasibility and viability of the program. METHODS: Two pilot studies were conducted...
July 19, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722122/wet-work-exposure-and-hand-eczema-among-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
N Hamnerius, C Svedman, O Bergendorff, J Björk, M Bruze, A Pontén
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema is more common in healthcare workers compared to the general population. The hands are subject to changing occupational exposures due to mandatory hygiene regulations for health care workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe the exposure due to hygiene procedures and investigate the associations between occupational hand washing, use of non-sterile gloves, and hand disinfectant and self-reported hand eczema. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with an electronic questionnaire distributed to 28 762 hospital employees in southern Sweden...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
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