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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226026/diabetes-mellitus-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss-is-there-an-association-baseline-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#1
Alessandra G Samelli, Itamar S Santos, Renata R Moreira, Camila M Rabelo, Laurie P Rolim, Isabela J Bensenõr, Paulo A Lotufo
OBJECTIVES: Although several studies have investigated the effects of diabetes on hearing loss, the relationship between these two conditions remains unclear. Some studies have suggested that diabetes may cause sensorineural hearing loss, whereas others have failed to find an association. The biggest challenge in investigating the association between diabetes and hearing loss is the presence of confounding variables and the complexity of the auditory system. Our study investigated the association between diabetes and sensorineural hearing loss...
January 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225822/a-reconfiguration-of-the-sex-trade-how-social-and-structural-changes-in-eastern-zimbabwe-left-women-involved-in-sex-work-and-transactional-sex-more-vulnerable
#2
Jocelyn Elmes, Morten Skovdal, Kundai Nhongo, Helen Ward, Catherine Campbell, Timothy B Hallett, Constance Nyamukapa, Peter J White, Simon Gregson
Understanding the dynamic nature of sex work is important for explaining the course of HIV epidemics. While health and development interventions targeting sex workers may alter the dynamics of the sex trade in particular localities, little has been done to explore how large-scale social and structural changes, such as economic recessions-outside of the bounds of organizational intervention-may reconfigure social norms and attitudes with regards to sex work. Zimbabwe's economic collapse in 2009, following a period (2000-2009) of economic decline, within a declining HIV epidemic, provides a unique opportunity to study community perceptions of the impact of socio-economic upheaval on the sex trade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225541/perceived-barriers-to-adherence-to-tuberculosis-infection-control-measures-among-health-care-workers-in-the-dominican-republic
#3
Helena J Chapman, Bienvenido A Veras-Estévez, Jamie L Pomeranz, Eddy N Pérez-Then, Belkys Marcelino, Michael Lauzardo
INTRODUCTION Health care workers have an increased risk of infection due to occupational Mycobacterium tuberculosis exposure, including multidrug-resistant strains. Health care workers' risk of developing tuberculosis is greater than that of the general population, whether in low-, intermediate- or high-incidence countries. Adherence to infection control measures (administrative controls, environmental controls, and personal respiratory protection) is essential to reduce risk of disease transmission between suspected tuberculosis patients and health care workers, but for different reasons, both objective and subjective, adherence is low...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224636/the-contactless-vital-sensing-system-precisely-reflects-r-r-interval-in-electrocardiograms-of-healthy-subjects
#4
Kentaro Suga, Hikaru Hori, Asuka Katsuki, Masahiro Ohashi, Tadanori Tezuka, Masatoshi Matsuo, Tsuyoshi Nakamura, Reiji Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the validity of the contactless vital sensing system that we previously developed. METHODS: A total of one hundred and eleven healthy Japanese subjects were recruited from the University of Occupational and Environmental Health and the Panasonic Corporation AVC Networks Company. All subjects underwent an evaluation using the contactless vital sensing system and electrocardiography (ECG). We compared the R-R interval (RRI) obtained using the new contactless sensing system to that obtained using ECG...
February 22, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224185/-is-rehabilitation-worth-it-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-rehabilitation-in-germany
#5
Christian Krauth, Tim Bartling
Because of demographic change, the rehabilitation sector in Germany is going to face increasing demands in the future. Limited budgets make the optimal allocation of resources a top priority. To support decisions about the optimal scope and design of rehabilitation, studies on health economics are of utmost importance. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the evaluation of rehabilitation with regard to health economics in Germany.Based on a comprehensive literature research, 17 studies on the cost-effectiveness of rehabilitation in Germany were identified...
February 21, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222842/antimicrobial-use-for-and-resistance-of-zoonotic-bacteria-recovered-from-nonhuman-primates
#6
Jeffrey Kim, Dondrae J Coble, Gregory W Salyards, Julie K Bower, William J Rinaldi, Gail B Plauche, Gregory G Habing
As a growing threat to human and animal health, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a central public-health topic. Largescale surveillance systems, such as the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS), are now established to monitor and provide guidance regarding AMR, but comprehensive literature on AMR among NHP is sparse. This study provides data regarding current antimicrobial use strategies and the prevalence of AMR in zoonotic bacteria recovered from NHP within biomedical research institutions...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222729/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-dental-health-among-middle-aged-adults-and-the-role-of-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-evidence-from-the-spanish-national-health-survey
#7
Diego Alberto Capurro, Michael Davidsen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this analysis was to describe socioeconomic inequalities in dental health among Spanish middle-aged adults, and the role of behavioral and psychosocial factors in explaining these inequalities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used survey data from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey and focused on adults ages 30 - 64. The outcome was dental health status based on the presence of self-reported dental problems. We used education, income, and occupational class as indicators of socioeconomic position and applied logistic regression analysis to estimate associations...
February 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222159/the-role-of-spatial-mobility-in-malaria-transmission-in-the-brazilian-amazon-the-case-of-porto-velho-municipality-rond%C3%A3-nia-brazil-2010-2012
#8
Jussara Rafael Angelo, Tony Hiroshi Katsuragawa, Paulo Chagastelles Sabroza, Lino Augusto Sander de Carvalho, Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da Silva, Carlos Afonso Nobre
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the role of mobility in malaria transmission by discussing recent changes in population movements in the Brazilian Amazon and developing a flow map of disease transmission in this region. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This study presents a descriptive analysis using an ecological approach on regional and local scales. The study location was the municipality of Porto Velho, which is the capital of Rondônia state, Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221893/summary-of-the-workshop-on-the-safe-handling-of-hazardous-drugs-cohosted-by-the-national-institute-for-occupational-safety-and-health-and-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology
#9
Thomas H Connor, Paul Celano, James N Frame, Robin T Zon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220914/the-association-between-body-built-and-injury-occurrence-in-pre-professional-ballet-dancers-separated-analysis-for-the-injured-body-locations
#10
Petra Zaletel, Damir Sekulić, Nataša Zenić, Michael R Esco, Dorica Šajber, Miran Kondrič
OBJECTIVES: This study has aimed at identifying prevalence of injury-occurrence in 24 pre-professional-ballet-dancers (females, 16-18 years of age), and identifying the associations between the body-built and prevalence of injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of variables included: body mass, body height, and 3 somatotype characteristics (mesomorph, ectomorph and endomorph) and data on injuries over the preceding year. RESULTS: Dancers were mostly ectomorphic-mesomorph (endomorphy: 2...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220913/socio-demographic-predictors-of-person-organization-fit
#11
Dorota Merecz-Kot, Aleksandra Andysz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and the level of complementary and supplementary person-organization fit (P-O fit). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample was a group of 600 Polish workers, urban residents aged 19-65. Level of P-O fit was measured using the Subjective Person-Organization Fit Questionnaire by Czarnota-Bojarska. The binomial multivariate logistic regression was applied. The analyzes were performed separately for the men and women...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220912/shift-schedule-work-family-relationships-marital-communication-job-satisfaction-and-health-among-transport-service-shift-workers
#12
Irena Iskra-Golec, Lawrence Smith, Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka, Patrycja Siemiginowska, Joanna Wątroba
OBJECTIVES: Existing research has documented that shiftwork consequences may depend on the shift system parameters. Fast rotating systems (1-3 shifts of the same kind in a row) and day work have been found to be less disruptive biologically and socially than slower rotating systems and afternoon and night work. The aim of this study was to compare day workers and shift workers of different systems in terms of rotation speed and shifts worked with regard to work-family and family-work positive and negative spillover, marital communication style, job satisfaction and health...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220911/national-survey-of-health-in-the-tattoo-industry-observational-study-of-448-french-tattooists
#13
Nicolas Kluger
OBJECTIVES: The data regarding the health of professional tattooists is inexistent. Tattooists are usually heavily tattooed and exposed daily to body fluids and skin-to-skin contacts with customers, tattoo inks, solvents, allergens, irritants, and work for hours often in inadequate positions using vibrating tattoo machines. We analyzed the health status of active French professional tattooists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational self-reported Internet survey was performed among 448 tattooists who were members of the French Tattoo Union in November 2013...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220910/chemical-incidents-resulted-in-hazardous-substances-releases-in-the-context-of-human-health-hazards
#14
Anna Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Sławomir Czerczak, Katarzyna Konieczko
OBJECTIVES: The research purpose was to analyze data concerning chemical incidents in Poland collected in 1999-2009 in terms of health hazards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data was obtained, using multimodal information technology (IT) system, from chemical incidents reports prepared by rescuers at the scene. The final analysis covered sudden events associated with uncontrolled release of hazardous chemical substances or mixtures, which may potentially lead to human exposure...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220909/effects-of-meso-2-3-dimercaptosuccinic-acid-potassium-iodide-and-chlorophyll-on-lead-accumulation-in-male-mice
#15
Ying Xie, Guifeng Zhou
OBJECTIVES: Lead (Pb) pollution is a serious public health problem all over the world, it especially plays severe damage role in children's health. Apart from reducing lead-induced damages, the decrease of lead accumulation is also critical. This study has been the first attempt to investigate effects of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), potassium iodide (KI) and chlorophyll (Chl) on lead accumulation in male mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty healthy Kunming male mice were selected and divided randomly into 8 groups...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220908/hsp70-hspa1-polymorphisms-in-former-workers-with-chronic-mercury-vapor-exposure
#16
Yury I Chernyak, Alla P Merinova
OBJECTIVES: To investigate 4 loci of 3 HSP70 genes in caustic soda production plant former workers, who have been exposed to metallic mercury vapors for a long time, and including numerous cases of chronic mercury intoxication (CMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Polymorphisms in HSP70 gene family members (HSP1A1 (+190G/C, rs1043618), HSPA1B (+1267A/G and +2074G/C, rs1061581) and HSP1AL (+2437T/C, rs2227956)) genes were studied among 120 male workers involved in caustic soda production by mercury electrolysis at 2 plants in Eastern Siberia...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220907/exposure-to-excessive-sounds-and-hearing-status-in-academic-classical-music-students
#17
Małgorzata Pawlaczyk-Łuszczyńska, Małgorzata Zamojska-Daniszewska, Adam Dudarewicz, Kamil Zaborowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess hearing of music students in relation to their exposure to excessive sounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standard pure-tone audiometry (PTA) was performed in 168 music students, aged 22.5±2.5 years. The control group included 67 subjects, non-music students and non-musicians, aged 22.8±3.3 years. Data on the study subjects' musical experience, instruments in use, time of weekly practice and additional risk factors for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) were identified by means of a questionnaire survey...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220906/experiences-with-preventing-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-an-automotive-plant
#18
Věra Žídková, Marie Nakládalová, Jana Zapletalová, Zdeněk Nakládal, Helena Kollárová
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common occupational disease. The aim was to assess the effect of preventive measures in automotive assembly workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis summarizes data from annual crosssectional studies. The 7-year analysis of data was based on medical records obtained from an occupational physician and inspections carried out at the workplace where targeted preventive measures were introduced, including better ergonomic arrangement of the workplace, technical adjustments facilitating the work, preventive nerve conduction studies (NCS) testing of the median nerve once a year, switching of workers and their targeted rotation within the workplace...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220905/mobile-phone-use-and-risk-for-intracranial-tumors-and-salivary-gland-tumors-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Alicja Bortkiewicz, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Wiesław Szymczak
Results of epidemiological studies on the association between use of mobile phone and brain cancer are ambiguous, as well as the results of 5 meta-analysis studies published to date. Since the last meta-analysis (2009), new case-control studies have been published, which theoretically could affect the conclusions on this relationship. Therefore, we decided to perform a new meta-analysis. We conducted a systematic review of multiple electronic data bases for relevant publications. The inclusion criteria were: original papers, case-control studies, published till the end of March 2014, measures of association (point estimates as odds ratio and confidence interval of the effect measured), data on individual exposure...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220904/recent-advances-in-occupational-and-environmental-health-hazards-of-workers-exposed-to-gasoline-compounds
#20
REVIEW
Christopher E Ekpenyong, Asuquo E Asuquo
The impact of health and environmental hazards, associated with the constituents of gasoline, on occupationally exposed workers has been recorded over the past few decades. However, the scientific literature on their pathogenic potential remains incomplete, which could affect the current understanding of the associated health risks. This review provides current information based on recently improved research techniques to evaluate gasoline toxicity profiles for humans. Our current knowledge provides insight into the intricate mechanism of gasoline-induced adverse effects, including the formation of reactive metabolites via bio-activation and subsequent generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress, which are involved in multiple mechanisms that are central to the aetiology of gasoline-induced toxicity...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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