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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792542/defining-bladder-health-in-women-and-girls-implications-for-research-clinical-practice-and-public-health-promotion
#1
Emily S Lukacz, Tamara G Bavendam, Amanda Berry, Cynthia S Fok, Sheila Gahagan, Patricia S Goode, Cecilia T Hardacker, Jeni Hebert-Beirne, Cora E Lewis, Jessica Lewis, Lisa Kane Low, Jerry L Lowder, Mary H Palmer, Ariana L Smith, Sonya S Brady
BACKGROUND: Bladder health in women and girls is poorly understood, in part, due to absence of a definition for clinical or research purposes. This article describes the process used by a National Institutes of Health funded transdisciplinary research team (The Prevention of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms [PLUS] Consortium) to develop a definition of bladder health. METHODS: The PLUS Consortium identified currently accepted lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and outlined elements of storage and emptying functions of the bladder...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792226/treatment-of-depression-and-or-anxiety-outcomes-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-tree-theme-method%C3%A2-versus-regular-occupational-therapy
#2
A Birgitta Gunnarsson, Petra Wagman, Katarina Hedin, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792082/mining-concepts-of-health-responsibility-using-text-mining-and-exploratory-graph-analysis
#3
Sofia Kjellström, Hudson Golino
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists need to know about people's beliefs about personal responsibility for health to help them pursue everyday activities. AIM: The study aims to employ state-of-the-art quantitative approaches to understand people's views of health and responsibility at different ages. METHODS: A mixed method approach was adopted, using text mining to extract information from 233 interviews with participants aged 5 to 96 years, and then exploratory graph analysis to estimate the number of latent variables...
May 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791514/high-prevalence-of-syndemic-health-problems-in-patients-seeking-post-exposure-prophylaxis-for-sexual-exposures-to-hiv
#4
Steven A Morrison, Deborah Yoong, Trevor A Hart, Paul MacPherson, Isaac Bogoch, Vishalini Sivarajah, Kevin Gough, Mark Naccarato, Darrell H S Tan
INTRODUCTION: The standard clinical approach to non-occupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) focuses on biomedical aspects of the intervention, but may overlook co-occurring or 'syndemic' psychosocial problems that reinforce future vulnerability to HIV. We therefore sought to determine the prevalence of syndemic health problems in a cohort of Ontario nPEP patients, and explored the relationship between syndemic burden and HIV risk. METHODS: Between 07/2013-08/2016, we distributed a self-administered questionnaire to patients presenting to three clinics in Toronto and Ottawa seeking nPEP for sexual HIV exposures...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791510/the-importance-of-manager-support-for-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-ambulance-personnel
#5
Katherine Petrie, Aimée Gayed, Bridget T Bryan, Mark Deady, Ira Madan, Anita Savic, Zoe Wooldridge, Isabelle Counson, Rafael A Calvo, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Interventions to enhance mental health and well-being within high risk industries such as the emergency services have typically focused on individual-level factors, though there is increasing interest in the role of organisational-level interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the importance of different aspects of manager support in determining the mental health of ambulance personnel. A cross-sectional survey was completed by ambulance personnel across two Australian states (N = 1,622). Demographics, manager support and mental health measures were assessed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790631/allied-health-clinicians-using-translational-research-in-action-to-develop-a-reliable-stroke-audit-tool
#6
Philip Abery, Suzanne Kuys, Mary Lynch, Nancy Low Choy
OBJECTIVE: To design and establish reliability of a local stroke audit tool by engaging allied health clinicians within a privately funded hospital. METHODS: Design: Two-stage study involving a modified Delphi process to inform stroke audit tool development and inter-tester reliability. PARTICIPANTS: Allied health clinicians. INTERVENTIONS: A modified Delphi process to select stroke guideline recommendations for inclusion in the audit tool...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790408/working-men-s-constructions-of-visiting-the-doctor
#7
James R Mahalik, Faedra R Backus Dagirmanjian
To understand influences on medical help seeking in men from traditionally masculine occupations, semistructured interviews with 12 men employed in manual and industrial labor were conducted. The semistructured interview format explored participant men's understanding and experiences of annual exams and medical help seeking, their own and others' reactions to seeking medical help, and influences on their own care and understanding of what it means to seek medical care. Utilizing consensual qualitative research methodology, five domains emerged: Social norms around medical care, managing threat, getting medical help is gendered, work-related influences, and pragmatic contributors to medical help seeking...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790273/serological-cultural-and-molecular-evidence-of-brucella-melitensis-infection-in-goats-in-al-jabal-al-akhdar-sultanate-of-oman
#8
Yasmin ElTahir, Al Ghalya Al Toobi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Osman Mahgoub, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Hadi Al Lawati, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al Kharousi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina Al Busaidi, Eugene H Johnson
Brucellosis, one of the most common zoonotic diseases and has significant public health and economic importance worldwide. Few studies and reports have been performed to estimate the true prevalence of animal brucellosis in the Sultanate of Oman; however, no incidence of the disease was previously reported in Al Jabal Al Akhdar. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of brucellosis in goats in eight villages in Al Jebal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman, namely: Al Aqaieb, Al Helailat, Al Ghilayil, Hail Al Hedap, Da'an Al Hamra, Shnoot, Al Qasha'e and Al Sarah, Al Jabal Al Akhdar in the Sultanate of Oman...
May 23, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790201/self-employed-individuals-performing-different-types-of-work-have-different-occupational-safety-and-health-problems
#9
Jungsun Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues of self-employed individuals in Korea. METHODS: The working conditions and OSH issues in three groups were analyzed using the Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Among self-employed individuals, "Physical work" was more common among males, whereas "Emotional work" was more common among females. Self-employed individuals performing "Mental work" had more education, higher incomes, and the lowest exposure to physical/chemical and ergonomic hazards in the workplace...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790135/-spiritual-care-of-patients-with-depression
#10
Chia-Chan Kao, Yu-Hua Lin
Spiritual care is a component of holistic care. Patients with depression often experience body-mind-spirit health problems and may suffer from spiritual crises, particularly during the acute stage of a diseases, due to low self-esteem, negative attitudes toward life goals, daily life issues, and beliefs caused by physical, psychological, and occupational dysfunctions. Nonetheless, psychical care is the main treatment for patients with depression. This paper focuses on patients with depression and addresses the concepts of spiritual needs and spiritual care, identifying the factors that influence spiritual needs, the essentials of spiritual intervention, and the health effects of spiritual intervention outcomes on patients with depression...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789002/the-impact-of-economic-and-social-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-in-turkey
#11
Selma Tosun, Olgu Aygün, Hülya Özkan Özdemir, Elif Korkmaz, Durmuş Özdemir
BACKGROUND: Viral Hepatitis is one of the major global health problems, affecting millions of people every year. Limited information is available on the impact of social and economic factors on the prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Turkey. This study, contrary to other studies in the literature, was undertaken with the aim of examining the Majority of the excluded data come from the volunteers. METHODS: There are medical and the social-economic factors affecting the prevalence of HBV...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788999/the-first-case-of-multiple-pulmonary-granulomas-with-amyloid-deposition-in-a-dental-technician-a-rare-manifestation-as-an-occupational-lung-disease
#12
Taizou Hirano, Tadahisa Numakura, Hiroshi Moriyama, Ryoko Saito, Yutaka Shishikura, Jun Shiihara, Hisatoshi Sugiura, Masakazu Ichinose
BACKGROUND: Occupational lung diseases, such as pneumoconiosis, are one of the health problems of dental workers that have been receiving increasing interest. Pulmonary amyloidosis is a heterogenous group of diseases, and can be classified into primary (idiopathic) and secondary (associated with various inflammatory diseases, hereditary, or neoplastic). To date, the development of pulmonary amyloidosis in dental workers has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old Japanese female presented with chest discomfort and low-grade fever that has persisted for 2 months...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788862/cigarette-smoking-cessation-involving-the-5-a-framework
#13
Myriam Jean Cadet
Occupational health nurses (OHNs) need to have adequate knowledge and skills to manage and educate individuals about smoking cessation.
June 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788814/advancing-a-model-of-secondary-trauma-consequences-for-victim-service-providers
#14
Colter Ellis, Kelly E Knight
A burgeoning body of scholarship is attempting to understand, normalize, and ameliorate the emotional strain of victim service provision. The literature, however, has yet to fully theorize the hazardous process of empathetic engagement with victims. As a result, concepts, mechanisms, and outcomes are often conflated, making it difficult to understand the etiological path of this occupational risk. The goal of this article is to attend to this gap by accomplishing three objectives. The first is to engage with the perspective of symbolic interaction to theoretically ground a conceptual model of secondary trauma...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788405/cohort-profile-the-swedish-longitudinal-occupational-survey-of-health-slosh
#15
Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber, Viktor Persson, Martin Hyde, Töres Theorell, Hugo Westerlund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788366/relative-household-wealth-and-non-fatal-road-crashes-analysis-of-population-representative-data-of-kenyan-adults
#16
John D Kraemer
Background: This study aims to examine potential road crash disparities across relative wealth and location of residence in Kenya by analyzing population-representative Demographic and Health Survey data. Methods: Relative wealth was measured by household assets, converted into an index by polychoric principal components analysis. Location and sex-stratified associations between wealth quantiles and crashes were flexibly estimated using fractional polynomial models...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788277/work-related-ill-health-in-radiographers
#17
P M Hulls, A Money, R M Agius, F de Vocht
Background: In the UK in 2015/16, 1.3 million workers self-reported a work-related illness (WRI) of which an estimated 41% were due to musculoskeletal disorders (incidence rate 550 cases per 100000 people) and 37% were related to stress, anxiety and depression. Little is known about the incidence of WRIs in radiographers. Aims: To analyse the medically reported incidence of WRIs among radiographers in the UK between 1989 and 2015. Methods: Incident cases reported by physicians to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network through its specialist schemes from 1989 to 2015 were analysed, using the Labour Force Survey as denominator where appropriate...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788221/predictive-factors-of-life-quality-among-packaging-workers-in-taiwan
#18
Shang-Yu Yang, Der-Jen Hsu, Chun-Ming Yen, Jer-Hao Chang
The semiconductor plants on the top of high-tech industrial chain hire many packaging workers to carry out miscellaneous packing tasks for various product orders from different companies and countries. Under tremendous workload the quality of life (QoL) of such packaging workers need to be concerned. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing their QoL. This study recruited 247 packing workers (162 male and 85 female; mean age: 35.6 years old) in 2015 and 2016 from a semiconductor plant in Taiwan by convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788211/particle-concentrations-in-occupational-settings-measured-with-a-nanoparticle-respiratory-deposition-nrd-sampler
#19
Larissa V Stebounova, Natalia I Gonzalez-Pech, Jae Hong Park, T Renee Anthony, Vicki H Grassian, Thomas M Peters
There is an increasing need to evaluate concentrations of nanoparticles in occupational settings due to their potential negative health effects. The Nanoparticle Respiratory Deposition (NRD) personal sampler was developed to collect nanoparticles separately from larger particles in the breathing zone of workers, while simultaneously providing a measure of respirable mass concentration. This study compared concentrations measured with the NRD sampler to those measured with a nano Micro Orifice Uniform-Deposit Impactor (nanoMOUDI) and respirable samplers in three workplaces...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788071/educating-australian-musicians-are-we-playing-it-safe
#20
Suzanne Wijsman, Bronwen J Ackermann
The effectiveness of health promotion through arts engagement, and the health benefits and social importance of music in particular, are becoming increasingly recognized. However, like sport, music-making is an athletic endeavour, one that often involves high physiological and psychological loadings on the bodies and minds of musicians. Research over the past 30 years has revealed alarming rates of injury among musicians, and has identified health risk factors associated with music performance faced by professional and student musicians...
May 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
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