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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727701/randomized-placebo-controlled-placebo-trial-to-determine-the-placebo-effect-size
#1
Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Tim Klueter, Volker W Rahlfs, Munjed Al Muderis, Amol Saxena, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Alexander Prehn-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: It is the gold standard to use a placebo treatment as the control group in prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Although placebo-controlled trials can reveal an effect of an active treatment, the pure effect of a placebo treatment alone has never been presented or evaluated. No evidence-based, placebo-therapeutic options are currently available, and no placebo-controlled trials have been performed to elucidate the pure placebo effect. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pure placebo effect on clinical, chronic pain through a blinded RCT...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720363/burden-of-urolithiasis-trends-in-prevalence-treatments-and-costs
#2
REVIEW
Omer A Raheem, Yash S Khandwala, Roger L Sur, Khurshid R Ghani, John D Denstedt
CONTEXT: The recent evolution of management options for urolithiasis has presented a unique dilemma for the modern urologist. A comprehensive understanding of epidemiological trends along with current provider preferences in treating urinary stones would be beneficial. OBJECTIVE: To review trends in the prevalence, treatments, and costs of urolithiasis worldwide. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature review was performed using the MEDLINE database, the Cochrane Library Central search facility, Web of Science, and Google Scholar between 1986 and 2016...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717534/effect-of-low-energy-shockwave-therapy-on-angiogenic-factors-in-the-penile-tissue-of-diabetic-rats
#3
Mazhar Ortaç, Canan Küçükergin, Emre Salabaş, Şule Seçkin, Ateş Kadıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of low-energy shock wave therapy (LESWT) on angiogenesis factors at penile tissue in a diabetic rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats which were allocated into three equal groups were included study. Group 1 (control group) included 10 male rats which did not receive any treatment were randomly chosen to serve as normal control. The remaining rats were injected intraperitoneally with 60 mg/kg of streptozotocin (STZ) to induce diabetes...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688873/extra-corporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-peripheral-arterial-disease-a-review-of-the-potential-mechanisms-of-action
#4
REVIEW
Ali Raza, Amy Harwood, Joshua Totty, George Smith, Ian Chetter
INTRODUCTION: Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects 20% of population over 65 years. Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT) has recently emerged as a novel, safe and effective treatment option. This review aims to assess the mechanism of action by which ESWT improves symptoms in patients with PAD. METHODS: Medline and Embase databases were searched in line with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
July 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673433/low-intensity-shockwave-therapy-improves-hemodynamic-parameters-in-patients-with-vasculogenic-erectile-dysfunction-a-triplex-ultrasonography-based-sham-controlled-trial
#5
Dimitrios Kalyvianakis, Dimitrios Hatzichristou
BACKGROUND: Although several reports have documented the subjective improvement of erectile function after low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) in patients with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (ED), objective assessment data of penile hemodynamics are lacking. AIM: To assess penile hemodynamics before and 3 months after LI-ESWT in a group of patients with documented vasculogenic ED. METHODS: This was a double-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled trial...
July 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650859/regarding-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-is-no-more-effective-than-placebo-in-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylitis-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
Myron M LaBan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650749/comparative-effectiveness-of-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-and-ultrasound-guided-local-corticosteroid-injection-treatment-for-plantar-fasciitis
#7
Sehriban Hocaoglu, Umit Erkan Vurdem, Mehtap Aykac Cebicci, Serap Tomruk Sutbeyaz, Zuhal Guldeste, Serap Gurek Yunsuroglu
BACKGROUND: We compared the long-term clinical and ultrasonographic effects of radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (rESWT) versus ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection treatment in patients with plantar fasciitis unresponsive to conservative therapy. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with unilateral plantar fasciitis were randomized to receive either rESWT (three times once per week) (n = 36) or corticosteroid treatment (a single 1-mL dose of betamethasone sodium plus 0...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638681/efficacy-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-and-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-in-a-rat-knee-osteoarthritis-model-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Volkan Yılmaz, Ömer Karadaş, Taner Dandinoğlu, Ebru Umay, Aytül Çakçı, Arif Kenan Tan
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on osteoarthritic rat knees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into 3 groups: group 1-control (n=8), group 2-LIPUS (n=8) and group 3-ESWT (n=8). Cartilage degeneration was provided using mono-iodo-asetate (MIA). One milligram of MIA was delivered to the right knees in group 1 and both knees in group 2 and 3. A 0...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638483/thermoacoustic-imaging-and-therapy-guidance-based-on-ultra-short-pulsed-microwave-pumped-thermoelastic-effect-induced-with-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#9
Liewei Wen, Sihua Yang, Junping Zhong, Quan Zhou, Da Xing
Multifunctional nanoparticle-mediated imaging and therapeutic techniques are promising modalities for accurate localization and targeted treatment of cancer in clinical settings. Thermoacoustic (TA) imaging is highly sensitive to detect the distribution of water, ions or specific nanoprobes and provides excellent resolution, good contrast and superior tissue penetrability. TA therapy is a potential non-invasive approach for the treatment of deep-seated tumors. In this study, human serum albumin (HSA)-functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (HSA-SPIO) is used as a multifunctional nanoprobe with clinical application potential for MRI, TA imaging and treatment of tumor...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633774/treatment-of-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-with-noninvasive-interactive-neurostimulation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Cristina Razzano, Stefano Carbone, Massimiliano Mangone, M Raffaella Iannotta, Alessandro Battaglia, Valter Santilli
The initial treatment of plantar fasciitis should be conservative, with most cases responding to standard physiotherapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), heel pads, and stretching. In cases of chronic refractory symptoms, more invasive treatment could be necessary. Noninvasive interactive neurostimulation (NIN) is a form of electric therapy that works by locating areas of lower skin impedance. The objective of the present prospective randomized controlled study was to evaluate whether the use of NIN for chronic plantar fasciitis could result in greater improvement in a foot functional score, lower levels of reported pain, reduced patient consumption of NSAIDs, and greater patient satisfaction compared with electric shockwave therapy in patients without a response to standard conservative treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630217/effectiveness-of-conservative-interventions-including-exercise-manual-therapy-and-medical-management-in-adults-with-shoulder-impingement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#11
REVIEW
Ruedi Steuri, Martin Sattelmayer, Simone Elsig, Chloé Kolly, Amir Tal, Jan Taeymans, Roger Hilfiker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions for pain, function and range of motion in adults with shoulder impingement. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase and PEDro were searched from inception to January 2017. STUDY SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials including participants with shoulder impingement and evaluating at least one conservative intervention against sham or other treatments...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622968/the-beneficial-effect-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-myocardial-revascularization-two-years-of-follow-up
#12
Gianluca Alunni, Umberto Barbero, Alessandro Vairo, Salvo D'Amico, Martina Pianelli, Domenica Zema, Federica Bongiovanni, Fiorenzo Gaita
OBJECTIVES: Despite the advancements achieved by revascularization technique and pharmacological therapies, the number of patients with refractory angina (RA) is still high, carrying together a poor prognosis. Experimental data and small clinical studies suggest that the use of extracorporeal shockwave myocardial revascularization (ESMR) might improve symptoms of angina in patients with RA. The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of cardiac shock wave therapy in a long term follow-up of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) otherwise not suitable for revascularization...
May 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608191/shockwave-lithotripsy-techniques-for-improving-outcomes
#13
Tadeusz Kroczak, Kymora B Scotland, Ben Chew, Kenneth T Pace
OBJECTIVES: Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) remains the only effective truly non-invasive treatment for nephrolithiasis. While single-treatment success rates may not equal those of ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy, it has an important role to play in the management of stones. In this paper, we outline the latest evidence-based recommendations for maximizing SWL outcomes, while minimizing complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive review of the current literature was performed regarding maximizing SWL outcomes...
June 12, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603702/comparison-the-effect-of-extra-corporeal-shockwave-therapy-with-low-dosage-versus-high-dosage-in-treatment-of-the-patients-with-lateral-epicondylitis
#14
Parisa Taheri, Masoud Emadi, Jafar Poorghasemian
BACKGROUND: One of the most common reasons of elbow and forearm pain is lateral epicondylitis diagnosed based on clinical examination. The extracorporeal shock wave therapy is applied for less invasive treatments with different dosages. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high- and low-dose ESW in treating the lateral epicondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was done in Al Zahra medical center on 40 patients who were selected randomly and divided into two groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603378/application-of-extracorporeal-shockwaves-in-the-treatment-of-scoliosis-a-case-report
#15
Hans-Rudolf Weiss
[Purpose] In a pilot investigation, extracorporeal shockwave therapy was applied to patients with idiopathic scoliosis. This case report aimed to describe the effects of repeated extracorporeal shockwave therapy on the clinical signs of a patient with scoliosis due to a functional tethered cord syndrome. [Subject and Methods] In June 2016, a 13-year-old girl presented with a left thoracic curvature. Radiograph showed a left thoracic curve of 24°. An angle of trunk rotation of 21° was measured using a scoliometer...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599030/pediatric-nephrolithiasis-a-review
#16
Tayaba Miah, Deepak Kamat
The incidence of pediatric nephrolithiasis is on the rise. The composition of kidney stones in children is different than in adults, as most stones in children have a composition of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate mixed with a small amount of uric acid. The symptoms of pediatric nephrolithiasis are nonspecific. Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for diagnosis; however, because of radiation exposure associated with a CT scan, ultrasonography is also an accepted modality for the diagnosis. Extensive metabolic evaluation is important to rule out an underlying metabolic disorder...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590827/extracorporeal-shockwave-mechanisms-of-action-and-physiological-aspects-for-cellulite-body-shaping-and-localized-fat-systematic-review
#17
Débora A Oliveira Modena, Caroline Nogueira da Silva, Clovis Grecco, Renata Michelini Guidi, Renata Gomes Moreira, Andresa A Coelho, Estela Sant'Ana, José Ricardo de Souza
Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT) has had a wide use in rehabilitation, and has presented positive effects in the treatment of unaesthetic affections. The objective of the present study was to search, in the literature, the mechanisms of action and the physiological aspects of shockwaves acting on the biological tissue to improve the condition of cellulite and localized fat. The systematic review of the literature was carried out in the period of September 2016 to February 2017 based on the bibliographic databases such as Lilacs, Medline, PubMed, and SciELO...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579818/healing-of-achilles-tendon-partial-tear-following-focused-shockwave-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Yu-Chun Hsu, Wei-Ting Wu, Ke-Vin Chang, Der-Sheng Han, Li-Wei Chou
Achilles tendinopathy is a common cause of posterior heel pain and can progress to partial tendon tear without adequate treatment. Effects of traditional treatments vary, and many recent reports focus on the use of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for Achilles tendinopathy but not for Achilles tendon partial tear. Here, we report the case of a 64-year-old female suffering from severe left heel pain for half a year. All treatment and rehabilitation were less effective until ESWT was applied. Each course of focused shockwave therapy included 2500 shots with energy flux density from 0...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554433/systematic-review-of-nondrug-nonsurgical-treatment-of-shoulder-conditions
#19
REVIEW
Cheryl Hawk, Amy L Minkalis, Raheleh Khorsan, Clinton J Daniels, Dennis Homack, Jordan A Gliedt, Julie A Hartman, Shireesh Bhalerao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative nondrug, nonsurgical interventions, either alone or in combination, for conditions of the shoulder. METHODS: The review was conducted from March 2016 to November 2016 in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), and was registered with PROSPERO. Eligibility criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews, or meta-analyses studying adult patients with a shoulder diagnosis...
June 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550235/shockwave-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-horses-and-small-animals
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
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