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Yajuan Hao, Qiangqiang Tang, Xiaohong Li, Meirong Zhang, Yingbo Wan, Lai Feng, Ning Chen, Zdeněk Slanina, Ludwik Adamowicz, Filip Uhlík
It has been proposed that the fullerene formation mechanism involves either a top-down or bottom-up pathway. Despite different starting points, both mechanisms approve that particular fullerenes or metallofullerenes are formed through a consecutive stepwise process involving Stone-Wales transformations (SWTs) and C2 losses or additions. However, the formation pathway has seldomly been defined at the atomic level due to the missing-link fullerenes. Herein, we present the isolation and crystallographic characterization of two isomeric clusterfullerenes Sc2O@C2v(3)-C78 and Sc2O@D3h(5)-C78, which are closely related via a single-step Stone-Wales (SW) transformation...
October 9, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Mariana Gomez-Smith, Sudhir Karthikeyan, Matthew S Jeffers, Rafal Janik, Lynsie A Thomason, Bojana Stefanovic, Dale Corbett
Many promising findings from pre-clinical research have failed to translate to the clinic due to their inability to incorporate human disease co-morbidity. A variety of rodent diets and feeding durations are currently used in models of human metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes. One model, the Cafeteria (CAF) diet, makes use of grocery store-purchased food items that more closely approximate the human ultra-processed diet than commercial high-fat or high-sugar rodent diets. The present study describes the development of metabolic syndrome in rats fed a CAF diet as well as the recovery of metabolic syndrome following a healthy "lifestyle" change...
October 2, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Can Tepeköylü, Daniela Lobenwein, Anja Urbschat, Michael Graber, Elisabeth Judith Pechriggl, Helga Fritsch, Patrick Paulus, Michael Grimm, Johannes Holfeld
BACKGROUND: Shock wave therapy (SWT) has been shown to induce angiogenesis in ischemic muscle. However, the mechanism of action remains unknown. Macrophages are crucial for angiogenic responses after ischemic injury. The M2 macrophage subset enables tissue repair and induces angiogenesis. We hypothesized that the angiogenic effects of SWT are at least partly caused by enhanced macrophage recruitment. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were subjected to hind limb ischemia with subsequent SWT or sham treatment...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Jing Sun, Li Zhang, Yujun He, Kun Zhang, Liping Wu, Yongsheng Fan, Zhijun Xie
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is increasingly getting clinical application worldwide. But its theory like QI-Blood is still abstract. Actually, Qi deficiency and blood deficiency, which were treated by Si-Jun-Zi-Tang (SJZT) and Si-Wu-Tang (SWT) respectively, have characteristic clinical manifestations. Here, we analyzed targets of the ingredients in SJZT and SWT to unveil potential biologic mechanisms between Qi deficiency and blood deficiency through biomedical approaches. First, ingredients in SWT and SJZT were retrieved from TCMID database...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vaughan Hoefler, Hiroko Nagaoka, Craig S Miller
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was performed to compare the long-term survival of deep dentine caries-affected permanent teeth treated with partial-caries-removal (PCR) versus similar teeth treated with stepwise-caries-removal techniques (SWT). DATA: Clinical studies investigating long-term PCR and SWT outcomes in unrestored permanent teeth with deep dentine caries were evaluated. Failures were defined as loss of pulp vitality or restorative failures following treatment...
November 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Lill-Heidi Johansson, Gerrit Timmerhaus, Sergey Afanasyev, Sven Martin Jørgensen, Aleksei Krasnov
Smoltification and seawater adaptation of Atlantic salmon are associated with profound alterations in the endocrine status, osmoregulation and behaviour. Little is known about immunological changes during smoltification, although increased incidences of infectious diseases after seawater transfer (SWT) may indicate weakened protection. We report microarray gene expression analyses in farmed Atlantic salmon during smoltification stimulated with constant light and early seawater adaptation (one and three weeks after SWT)...
September 13, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Peter G Erdmann, Laurien L Teunissen, Leonard H van den Berg, Nicolette C Notermans, Carin D Schröder, Bart C Bongers, Nico L U van Meeteren
PURPOSE: This study assessed the validity of the shuttle walk test (SWT) to evaluate walking ability in patients with polyneuropathy. METHODS: Forty-one patients with chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) and 49 patients with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) performed both the 10-meter walk test (10MWT) and the SWT. Face validity was assessed by evaluating whether patients considered both tests to reflect their walking ability (Likert scale: 1 = not at all, 10 = very well)...
September 6, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Saleha Khatun, Ruhi Mahajan, Bashir I Morshed
Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a technique for recording the asynchronous activation of neuronal firing inside the brain with non-invasive scalp electrodes. Artifacts, such as eye blink activities, can corrupt these neuronal signals. While ocular artifact (OA) removal is well investigated for multiple channel EEG systems, in alignment with the recent momentum toward minimalistic EEG systems for use in natural environments, we investigate unsupervised and effective removal of OA from single-channel streaming raw EEG data...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Fabrício Motteran, Juliana K Braga, Edson L Silva, Maria Bernadete A Varesche
This study evaluates the kinetics of methane production and degradation of standard linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) (50 ± 3.5 mg/L) and LAS from laundry wastewater (85 ± 2.1 mg/L) in anaerobic batch reactors at 30°C with different sources of inoculum. The inocula were obtained by auto-fermentation (AFM) and UASB reactors from wastewater treatment of poultry slaughterhouse (SGH), swine production (SWT) and wastewater treatment thermophilic of sugarcane industry (THR). The study was divided into three phases: synthetic substrate (Phase I), standard LAS (Phase II) and LAS from laundry wastewater (Phase III)...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Davi Farias de Araújo, Antônio Pinto de Melo Neto, Ítalo Sérgio Cavalcante Oliveira, Beatriz Soares Brito, Ineusi Teixeira de Araújo, Ingrid Sousa Barros, José Wellington Oliveira Lima, Wagner Goes Horta, Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that peripheral neuropathy (PN) is common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and raised the possibility that levodopa neurotoxicity is the main culprit. METHODS: We evaluated the presence of large & small (autonomic) fiber PN in 54 consecutive patients with PD or parkinsonism in a tertiary outpatient clinic from Brazil. Initial PN screening consisted of history/neurological exam and skin wrinkling test (SWT). In addition, we also performed Nerve conduction studies/Electromyography (NCS/EMG) in all patients with PN signs/symptoms and/or abnormal SWT...
2016: BMC Neurology
Hui-Fang Chiu, Ying-Hua Wu, You-Cheng Shen, Shing-Jung Wang, Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Chin-Kun Wang
BACKGROUND: Si-Wu-Tang (SWT) is used to treat various gynecological disorders in Chinese medicine. This study investigated the antioxidant and physiological effects of SWT on the skin and liver in healthy adults. METHODS: This randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted at Chung Shan Medical University Hospital in December 2008. Participants with uncontrolled diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, cancer, and pregnancy were excluded...
2016: Chinese Medicine
Roger E Peverill, Bon Chou, Lesley Donelan, Philip M Mottram, John S Gelman
BACKGROUND: The transmitral E wave and the peak velocity of early diastolic mitral annular motion (e`) both decrease with age, but the mechanisms underlying these age-related changes are incompletely understood. This study investigated the possible contributions of blood pressure (BP) and left ventricular end-diastolic length (LVEDL) to age-related reductions in E and e`. METHODS: The study group were 82 healthy adult subjects <55 years of age who were not obese or hypertensive...
2016: PloS One
Jonathan Caron, Pierre-Antoine Michel, Jean-Claude Dussaule, Christos Chatziantoniou, Pierre Ronco, Jean-Jacques Boffa
Low-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (SWT) has been shown to improve myocardial dysfunction, hind limb ischemia, erectile function, and to facilitate cell therapy and healing process. These therapeutic effects were mainly due to promoting angiogenesis. Since chronic kidney diseases are characterized by renal fibrosis and capillaries rarefaction, they may benefit from a proangiogenic treatment. The objective of our study was to determine whether SWT could ameliorate renal repair and favor angiogenesis in L-NAME-induced hypertensive nephropathy in rats...
June 2016: Physiological Reports
Cordula Werner, Manuela Byhahn, Stefan Hesse
PURPOSE: In order to promote alertness and awareness in patients with severe disorders of consciousness (DOC) frontal near infrared laser stimulation (N-LT) or transcranial focused shock wave therapy (F-SWT) might be an option. The study compared both techniques in severe chronic DOC patients. METHODS: Sixteen DOC patients were allocated to two groups (A and B). A three week baseline either followed a frontal N-LT (0,1 mJ/mm2, 10 min per session), five times a week over four weeks (group A), or a F-SWT (0,1 mJ/mm2, 4000 stimuli per session) three times a week over four weeks (group B)...
April 11, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Johan Larsson, Michael Miller, Eva Ekvall Hansson
Vestibular asymmetry is a common cause of dizziness in the elderly, for whom it precipitates the risk of falling. Previous studies have shown that those with vestibular asymmetry displayed an altered variability in double support time (DST) compared to controls. However, swing time (SwT) variability findings are conflicting. In this study, we investigated if vestibular asymmetry might be causally connected to increased DST variability. We studied a group of eight elderly fallers with wrist fractures across three months, during which time four of them regained vestibular symmetry while four others developed an asymmetry...
March 2016: Gait & Posture
Yang Huang, Hong-Ju Chen, Jiang-Hu Zhu, Feng-Yan Zhao, Yi Qu, De-Zhi Mu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of PINK1 (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten induced putative kinase 1) gene on cell apoptosis and cell autophagy in neonatal mice with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD). METHODS: Seventy-two wild-type C57BL/6 mice and 72 PINK1 gene knockout neonatal C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: sham-operated wild-type (SWT), HIBD model wild-type (MWT), sham-operated knockout (SKO) and HIBD model knockout (MKO)...
March 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Sonja de Groot, Linda J Valent, Richard Fickert, Babette Pluim, Han Houdijk
PURPOSE: To determine 1) the relationship between shuttle wheel test (SWT) outcomes and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) during that test; and 2) whether SWT and VO2peak can discriminate between different skill levels of wheelchair tennis players. METHODS: 15 wheelchair tennis players performed a SWT on a tennis court while VO2 was measured continuously. Outcome measures were VO2peak and achieved stage. Relations between outcomes and Dutch wheelchair tennis ranking were calculated with Spearman correlation...
February 9, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Roy Mano, Emily A Vertosick, Abraham Ari Hakimi, Itay A Sternberg, Daniel D Sjoberg, Melanie Bernstein, Guido Dalbagni, Jonathan A Coleman, Paul Russo
OBJECTIVES: Delaying nephrectomy<3 months does not adversely affect treatment outcome of renal tumors. Whether surgical waiting time (SWT; time from diagnosis to surgery)>3 months affects treatment outcome for large renal masses has not been well studied. We aimed to evaluate if SWT is associated with treatment outcome of renal masses >4cm and identify patients who are more likely to experience prolonged SWT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 1,484 patients undergoing radical or partial nephrectomy at a single institution for a nonmetastatic renal mass>4cm between 1995 and 2013 were reviewed...
May 2016: Urologic Oncology
Seung Hwan Jeon, Kshitiz Raj Shrestha, Richard Y Kim, Ae Ryang Jung, Yong Hyun Park, Ohseong Kwon, Ga Eun Kim, So Hyun Kim, Ki Hean Kim, Ji Youl Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate combined therapeutic efficacy of human adipose-derived stem cells (h-ADSCs) application on injured cavernous nerve and low-energy shockwave therapy (SWT) on the corpus cavernosum in a rat model of post-prostatectomy erectile dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: control, bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI), adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) (BCNI group with h-ADSCs on the cavernous nerve), SWT (BCNI group with low-energy SWT on the corpus cavernosum), and ADSC/SWT (BCNI group with a combination of h-ADSCs and low-energy SWT)...
February 2016: Urology
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final order to reclassify shortwave diathermy (SWD) for all other uses, a preamendments class III device, into class II (special controls), and to rename the device "nonthermal shortwave therapy'' (SWT). FDA is also making a technical correction in the regulation for the carrier frequency for SWD and SWT devices.
October 13, 2015: Federal Register
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