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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887905/effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Babak Vahdatpour, Hadi Forouzan, Fatemeh Momeni, Mehdi Ahmadi, Parisa Taheri
Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave treatment (ESWT) on pain and ankle-hindfoot scale of the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score of patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy (AT). Materials and Methods: In this double-blind clinical trial, 43 patients with chronic AT were selected and randomly allocated in two groups to receive a basic treatment with ESWT or sham SWT (radial and focused shock waves, four sessions once a week for 4 weeks)...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873605/leachability-and-plant-availability-of-phosphorus-in-post-sorption-wastewater-filters-fortified-with-biochar
#2
Ezekiel Kholoma, Gunno Renman, Wen Zhang, Agnieszka Renman
Sand and gravel are widely applied for filtering pre- or primary-treated wastewater in small-scale wastewater treatment (SWT) systems. However, ecological materials continue to attract increasing interest in use as retrofits for achieving better performance in removing dissolved contaminants and recovering nutrients from wastewater. In this study, we assessed the plant availability and leachability of phosphorus (P) from sand (Sa) and gas concrete (GC) media previously fortified with biochar (BC) and used for phosphorus (P) removal in laboratory-scale packed bed reactors and field-scale constructed filter beds...
June 6, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705017/treatment-satisfaction-of-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-receiving-platinum-based-chemotherapy-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study-personal
#3
Sabine Visser, Mark de Mol, Kiki Cheung, Jermo J van Toor, Nico C van Walree, Bruno H Stricker, Brenda L Den Oudsten, Joachim G J V Aerts
INTRODUCTION: In patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, the treatment benefits and risks need to be constantly weighed. We explored patient-reported satisfaction with therapy (SWT) and assessed its value in addition to quality of life (QoL) and adverse events (AEs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort study, patients with stage IIIB/IV non-small-cell lung cancer received platinum-pemetrexed chemotherapy. They completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQoL-BREF) and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) before and during chemotherapy...
March 17, 2018: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696191/the-reporting-quality-of-abstracts-of-stepped-wedge-randomized-trials-is-suboptimal-a-systematic-survey-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Mei Wang, Yanling Jin, Zheng Jing Hu, Alex Thabane, Brittany Dennis, Olga Gajic-Veljanoski, James Paul, Lehana Thabane
Background: The stepped wedge trial (SWT) design is a type of the randomized clinical trial (RCT) design in which clusters or individuals are randomly and sequentially crossed over from control to intervention over a number of time periods. Trials using SWT design have become increasingly popular in medical, behavioral and social sciences research. Therefore, complete and transparent reporting of these studies is crucial. In particular, the quality of the abstracts of their reports is important because these may be the only accessible sources for their results...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601228/evaluation-of-three-measures-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-independently-ambulant-stroke-survivors
#5
Ashlee Dunn, Dianne L Marsden, Daniel Barker, Paulette van Vliet, Neil J Spratt, Robin Callister
Measuring cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in the stroke population is challenging. Currently, the recommended method is a graded exercise test (GXT) on an ergometer such as a treadmill or cycle, which may not always be possible. We investigated whether walking tests such as the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and the shuttle walk test (SWT) may be appropriate indicators of CRF in the stroke population. Twenty-three independently ambulant stroke survivors (11 men, age 61.5 ± 18.4 years) within one-year post stroke performed the 6MWT, SWT, and cycle GXT, during which peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak ) and heart rate (HRpeak ) were recorded...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560450/integration-of-stationary-wavelet-transform-on-a-dynamic-partial-reconfiguration-for-recognition-of-pre-ictal-gamma-oscillations
#6
N Jmail, M Zaghdoud, A Hadriche, T Frikha, C Ben Amar, C Bénar
To define the neural networks responsible of an epileptic seizure, it is useful to perform advanced signal processing techniques. In this context, electrophysiological signals present three types of waves: oscillations, spikes, and a mixture of both. Recent studies show that spikes and oscillations should be separated properly in order to define the accurate neural connectivity during the pre-ictal, seizure and inter-ictal states. Retrieving oscillatory activity is a sensitive task due to the frequency overlap between oscillations and transient activities...
February 2018: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496161/effects-of-bioactive-constituents-in-the-traditional-chinese-medicinal-formula-si-wu-tang-on-nrf2-signaling-and-neoplastic-cellular-transformation
#7
Mandy M Liu, Kevin M Huang, Li Qian, Payal Chatterjee, Suhui Zhang, Rui Li, Su Zhou, Zhijun Wang, Yun Luo, Ying Huang
BACKGROUND: The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a potential molecular target for cancer chemoprevention. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), a popular traditional Chinese medicine for women's health, was reported with a novel activity of cancer prevention. PURPOSE: The present study was aimed to identify the bioactive constituents in SWT responsible for the Nrf2 activating and cancer preventive activity and explore the pharmacological mechanisms. METHODS: Nine compounds detectable from various batches of SWT were ranked using in silico molecular docking based on their ability to interfere the forming of Nrf2-Keap1 complex...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479956/comparison-of-standard-agglutination-tests-enzyme-immunoassay-and-coombs-gel-test-used-in-laboratory-diagnosis-of-human-brucellosis
#8
Emine Emel Koçman, Memnune Selda Erensoy, Meltem Taşbakan, Meltem Çiçeklioğlu
Background/aim: It was aimed to evaluate the results of Rose Bengal (RB), ELISA total tests (IgM and IgG), and the Brucella Coombs gel test (BCGT), which are used as screening tests, with the combined results of a tube agglutination test (standard Wright test: SWT) and a tube agglutination test with antihuman globulin (AHG TAT). Materials and methods: Samples from 97 patients prediagnosed with brucellosis (age ≥18 years) were screened with RB, ELISA, and BCGT. SWT < 160 samples and RB-negative but ELISA- or BCGT-positive samples were tested by AHG TAT...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317574/-role-of-immune-related-gtpase-m1-in-cortical-neurons-autophagy-of-mice-with-sepsis-induced-brain-injury
#9
Qun Huang, Bin Chen, Yafei Li, Xihong Li
To investigate the role of immune-related GTPase M1 (IRGM1) in cortical neurons autophagy in mice with sepsis induced brain injury (SIBI).
 Methods: Sixty wild-type C57BL/6 mice and sixty IRGM1 gene knockout C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: a sham-operated wild-type (SWT) group, a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model wild-type (MWT) group, a sham-operated knockout (SKO) group, and a CLP model knockout (MKO) group. Models of mice with sepsis were established by CLP. Six hours of after CLP, the neurobehavioral scores for mice were recorded...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312775/case-report-improvement-of-cardiac-remodeling-with-shock-wave-therapy-of-a-patient-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#10
Yingnan Bai, Xiaoyan Wang, Xin Deng, Hongyi Wu, Abdel Hamid Fathy, Yan Xi, Yunzeng Zou, Jie Cui, Junbo Ge
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) are two major preferred reperfusion strategies to restore the ischemic-related artery patency, but PCI and CABG do not necessarily guarantee the recovery of post-procedure left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and release of symptoms. Moreover, there is no definitive effective way to enhance microcirculations. Theoretically, shock wave therapy (SWT) is an option. We report here a case of patient who received SWT. The patient's medical history was characterized by chest pain for 20 years, having received CABG 13 years ago...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291535/detecting-atrial-fibrillation-by-deep-convolutional-neural-networks
#11
Yong Xia, Naren Wulan, Kuanquan Wang, Henggui Zhang
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The incidence of AF increases with age, causing high risks of stroke and increased morbidity and mortality. Efficient and accurate diagnosis of AF based on the ECG is valuable in clinical settings and remains challenging. In this paper, we proposed a novel method with high reliability and accuracy for AF detection via deep learning. METHOD: The short-term Fourier transform (STFT) and stationary wavelet transform (SWT) were used to analyze ECG segments to obtain two-dimensional (2-D) matrix input suitable for deep convolutional neural networks...
February 1, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284454/the-effect-of-low-intensity-shockwave-treatment-li-swt-on-human-myoblasts-and-mouse-skeletal-muscle
#12
Lise K Hansen, Henrik D Schrøder, Lars Lund, Karthikeyan Rajagopal, Vrisha Maduri, Jeeva Sellathurai
BACKGROUND: Transplanting myogenic cells and scaffolds for tissue engineering in skeletal muscle have shown inconsistent results. One of the limiting factors is neovascularization at the recipient site. Low intensity shockwave therapy (Li-SWT) has been linked to increased tissue regeneration and vascularization, both integral to survival and integration of transplanted cells. This study was conducted to demonstrate the response of myoblasts and skeletal muscle to Li-SWT. METHOD: Primary isolated human myoblasts and explants were treated with low intensity shockwaves and subsequently cell viability, proliferation and differentiation were tested...
December 29, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229555/reduced-cerebrovascular-reactivity-and-increased-resting-cerebral-perfusion-in-rats-exposed-to-a-cafeteria-diet
#13
Mariana Gomez-Smith, Rafal Janik, Conner Adams, Evelyn M Lake, Lynsie A M Thomason, Matthew S Jeffers, Bojana Stefanovic, Dale Corbett
To better understand the effects of a diet high in fat, sugar, and sodium on cerebrovascular function, Sprague Dawley rats were chronically exposed to a Cafeteria diet. Resting cerebral perfusion and cerebrovascular reactivity was quantified using continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In addition, structural changes to the cerebrovasculature and susceptibility to ischemic lesion were examined. Compared to control animals fed standard chow (SD), Cafeteria diet (CAF) rats exhibited increased resting brain perfusion in the hippocampus and reduced cerebrovascular reactivity in response to 10% inspired CO2 challenges in both the hippocampus and the neocortex...
February 10, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210958/reliability-and-validity-of-a-submaximal-warm-up-test-for-monitoring-training-status-in-professional-soccer-players
#14
Alireza Rabbani, Mehdi Kargarfard, Craig Twist
Rabbani, A, Kargarfard, M, and Twist, C. Reliability and validity of a submaximal warm-up test for monitoring training status in professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 32(2): 326-333, 2018-Two studies were conducted to assess the reliability and validity of a submaximal warm-up test (SWT) in professional soccer players. For the reliability study, 12 male players performed an SWT over 3 trials, with 1 week between trials. For the validity study, 14 players of the same team performed an SWT and a 30-15 intermittent fitness test (30-15IFT) 7 days apart...
February 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121092/relationship-between-fine-particulate-matter-weather-condition-and-daily-non-accidental-mortality-in-shanghai-china-a-bayesian-approach
#15
Xin Fang, Bo Fang, Chunfang Wang, Tian Xia, Matteo Bottai, Fang Fang, Yang Cao
There are concerns that the reported association of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with mortality might be a mixture of PM2.5 and weather conditions. We evaluated the effects of extreme weather conditions and weather types on mortality as well as their interactions with PM2.5 concentrations in a time series study. Daily non-accidental deaths, individual demographic information, daily average PM2.5 concentrations and meteorological data between 2012 and 2014 were obtained from Shanghai, China. Days with extreme weather conditions were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098996/reliability-and-validity-of-an-audio-signal-modified-shuttle-walk-test
#16
Rupak Singla, Richa Rai, Abhishek Anil Faye, Anil Kumar Jain, Ranadip Chowdhury, Debdutta Bandyopadhyay
BACKGROUND: The audio signal in the conventionally accepted protocol of shuttle walk test (SWT) is not well-understood by the patients and modification of the audio signal may improve the performance of the test. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to study the validity and reliability of an audio signal modified SWT, called the Singla-Richa modified SWT (SWTSR), in healthy normal adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In SWTSR, the audio signal was modified with the addition of reverse counting to it...
November 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052761/does-surgical-delay-for-radical-prostatectomy-affect-biochemical-recurrence-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-canadian-cohort
#17
Marc Zanaty, Mansour Alnazari, Khaled Ajib, Kelsey Lawson, Mounsif Azizi, Emad Rajih, Abdullah Alenizi, Pierre-Alain Hueber, Côme Tolmier, Malek Meskawi, Fred Saad, Raisa S Pompe, Pierre I Karakiewicz, Assaad El-Hakim, Kevin C Zorn
AIM: We sought to explore the impact of surgical wait time (SWT) to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) on biochemical recurrence (BCR). METHOD: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database between 2006 and 2015 was conducted on all RARP cases. SWT was defined as period from prostate biopsy to surgery. Primary outcome was the impact on BCR, which was defined as two consecutive PSA ≥ 0.2 ng/dl, or salvage external beam radiation therapy and/or salvage androgen deprivation therapy...
January 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031419/impact-of-surgical-waiting-time-on-survival-in-patients-with-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-national-cancer-database-study
#18
Leilei Xia, Benjamin L Taylor, Jose E Pulido, Thomas J Guzzo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of surgical waiting time (SWT) on the survival outcome in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients with nonmetastatic UTUC who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) between 2004 and 2013 in the National Cancer Database. The association between SWT and overall survival (OS) was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression. SWT was categorized into 6 groups: SWT ≤ 7 days, SWT 8 to 30 days, SWT 31 to 60 days, SWT 61 to 90 days, SWT 91 to 120 days, and SWT 121 to 180 days...
January 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872360/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-walking-endurance-improvements-after-12-months-of-an-individualised-home-and-community-based-exercise-programme-for-people-after-stroke
#19
Ashlee Dunn, Dianne L Marsden, Daniel Barker, Paulette Van Vliet, Neil J Spratt, Robin Callister
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate and longer-term effects of an individually tailored, home- and community-based exercise programme with ongoing remote support in people with stroke on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), ambulation and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Twenty people 5.3 ± 3.5 months post stroke completed the 12-week HowFITSS? exercise programme aimed at increasing CRF and daily physical activity. Support was provided by phone and email, which decreased in frequency over time...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868151/motion-artefact-removals-for-wearable-ecg-using-stationary-wavelet-transform
#20
Shuto Nagai, Daisuke Anzai, Jianqing Wang
Wearable Electrocardiogram (ECG) is attracting much attention in daily healthcare applications. From the viewpoint of long-term use, it is desired that the electrodes are non-contact with the human body. In this study, the authors propose an algorithm using the stationary wavelet transform (SWT) to remove motion artefact superimposed on ECG signal when using non-contact capacitively coupling electrodes. The authors evaluate the effect on motion artefact removal of this algorithm by applying it to various ECG signals with motion artefacts superimposed...
August 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
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