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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102096/cutoff-score-evaluation-of-undergraduate-dental-curriculum
#1
Laila Ahmed Bahammam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exams at the Faculty of Dentistry (KAUFD) are usually constructed to match King Abdulaziz University (KAU) policy of a fixed 60% cutoff score, though they have never been tested or evaluated. The purpose of this study was to validate the cutoff scores of three final fifth-year written exams of the undergraduate Endodontic course to assess whether they were similar to KAU regulation using the Angoff rating method. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: This study was conducted between May 2014 and February 2015 at the Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University...
January 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101784/dental-implants-and-grafting-success-remain-high-despite-large-variations-in-maxillary-sinus-mucosal-thickening
#2
Bartosz Maska, Guo-Hao Lin, Abdullah Othman, Shabnam Behdin, Suncica Travan, Erika Benavides, Yvonne Kapila
BACKGROUND: Although mucosal thickening is the most common radiographic finding observed regarding sinus pathology, the knowledge regarding its clinical significance on the outcomes of dental implants and grafting in the maxillary sinuses is still limited. We hypothesized that mucosal thickening would not alter the predictability for sinus floor augmentation and dental implant placement. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of dental implant placement in sinus-augmented areas with preexisting sinus mucosal thickening...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100415/a-10-year-trend-of-dental-treatments-under-general-anesthesia-of-children-in-taipei-veterans-general-hospital
#3
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100262/dental-caries-status-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-seville-spain-a-case-control-study
#4
Eugenio Velasco-Ortega, L Monsalve-Guil, I Ortiz-Garcia, A Jimenez-Guerra, J Lopez-Lopez, J J Segura-Egea
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the dental status (DMFT) in patients with schizophrenia compared with a control group. MATERIAL: In this case-control study, 50 patients with schizophrenia attended in the Psychiatric Unit at the Virgen Macarena University Hospital of Seville were compared with 50 people (without systemic diseases and not taking psychotropic drugs) in a control group attended in the School of Dentistry of Seville. Decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were assessed according to the World Health Organization WHO criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097434/work-related-infections-in-dentistry-risk-perception-and-preventive-measures
#5
Tatjana Ramich, Peter Eickholz, Sabine Wicker
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of (1) the risk perception of work-related infections in dentistry, (2) the vaccination status, (3) knowledge of the blood-borne pathogens and HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as well as (4) use of personal protective equipment (PPE) (gloves, goggles, mask) among the staff and students of the Center of Dentistry and Oral Medicine (ZZMK [Carolinum]) of the Goethe University Frankfurt/Main. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All staff (dentists, dental assistants) and students of the ZZMK with direct contact to patients were asked to anonymously complete a questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094563/dental-arch-relationships-and-reverse-headgear-effects-in-southern-chinese-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-retrospective-study
#6
Yang Rafidah Hassan, Kwan Lok Tse, Balvinder Singh Khambay, Wing Kit Wong, Min Gu, Yanqi Yang
OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the severity of the dental arch relationships and the treatment outcomes of reverse headgear (RHG) in southern Chinese patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN:   A retrospective study. SETTING:   Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong. PATIENTS:   Thirty-eight UCLP patients with complete records. Among them, 14 were later treated with RHG (RHG group) and 24 were under review (non-RHG group) before definitive orthodontic or in conjunction with orthognathic surgery...
January 17, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094051/competition-policy-for-health-care-provision-in-portugal
#7
Pedro Pita Barros
We review the role of competition among healthcare providers in Portugal, which has a public National Health Service (NHS) at the core of the health system. There is little competition among healthcare providers within the NHS. Competition among NHS primary care providers is hindered by excess demand (many residents in Portugal do not have a designated family doctor). Competition among NHS hospitals has been traditionally limited to cases of maximum guaranteed waiting time for surgery being exceeded. The Portuguese Competition Authority enforces competition law...
December 23, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#8
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092220/using-teledentistry-in-clinical-practice-an-enabler-to-improve-access-to-oral-health-care-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#9
Michelle Irving, Rosemary Stewart, Heiko Spallek, Anthony Blinkhorn
Background Access to dental care is important for overall health, but can remain problematic for those in rural or isolated locations. It can be difficult to encourage clinicians to choose or continue a rural health career. Teledentistry is showing some promise as a strategy to support rural, isolated and new health care workers. This study aims to explore the quantitative and qualitative framework associated with teledentistry in an effort to uncover the interaction of multiple influences on its delivery and sustainability...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092164/comparing-modified-huddart-bodenham-scoring-system-and-goslon-yardstick-to-assess-dental-arch-relationships-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#10
Muhaini Yakob, H Yang Rafidah, M Gu, Y Yang
OBJECTIVE:   To test the reliability of the modified Huddart-Bodenham (MHB) numerical scoring system and its agreement with the GOSLON Yardstick categorization for assessing the dental arch relationships in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) cases. DESIGN:   A retrospective study. SETTING:   Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong. PATIENTS:   Forty-one nonsyndromic UCLP consecutive patients attending the Joint Cleft Lip/Palate Clinic at Faculty of Dentistry in the University of Hong Kong were selected...
January 16, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092100/comparing-human-resource-planning-models-in-dentistry-a-case-study-using-canadian-armed-forces-dental-clinics
#11
Jodi L Shaw, Julie W Farmer, Peter C Coyte, Herenia P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: To compare two methods of allocating general dentists to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) dental detachments: a dentist-to-population ratio model and a needs-based model. METHODS: Data obtained from CAF sources were analysed to compare models. Times assigned to treatment plan procedures were used as a proxy for treatment needs. Full-time equivalents (FTEs) were used as an indicator for the number of dentists allocated to each detachment. FTE values were adjusted for military dentists to account for time spent on compulsory nonclinical duties...
January 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087296/defining-digital-dentistry-a-survey-of-recent-literature
#12
EDITORIAL
Christopher Lynch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087196/improving-hospital-care-of-patients-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#13
Sarah H Ailey, Paula J Brown, Caitlin M Ridge
People with intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities (IDD) face poorer care and outcomes when hospitalized than patients without IDD. A panel discussion Hospital care for individuals with IDD: The Issues and Challenges was held at the Annual Conference of the American Academy of Developmental Medicine and Dentistry, held in Chicago July 8-10, 2016. Among the panelists were representatives from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, IL and Saint Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, NJ who discussed efforts to improve hospital care of patients with IDD at their institutions...
January 4, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#14
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079165/oriented-and-ordered-biomimetic-remineralization-of-the-surface-of-demineralized-dental-enamel-using-hap-acp-nanoparticles-guided-by-glycine
#15
Haorong Wang, Zuohui Xiao, Jie Yang, Danyang Lu, Anil Kishen, Yanqiu Li, Zhen Chen, Kehua Que, Qian Zhang, Xuliang Deng, Xiaoping Yang, Qing Cai, Ning Chen, Changhong Cong, Binbin Guan, Ting Li, Xu Zhang
Achieving oriented and ordered remineralization on the surface of demineralized dental enamel, thereby restoring the satisfactory mechanical properties approaching those of sound enamel, is still a challenge for dentists. To mimic the natural biomineralization approach for enamel remineralization, the biological process of enamel development proteins, such as amelogenin, was simulated in this study. In this work, carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) conjugated with alendronate (ALN) was applied to stabilize amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) to form CMC/ACP nanoparticles...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078169/a-survey-of-energy-drink-consumption-patterns-among-college-students-at-a-mostly-hispanic-university
#16
Ernesto Cabezas-Bou, Jeidiel De León-Arbucias, Nikol Matos-Vergara, Yocasta Álvarez-Bagnarol, Jesús Ortega-Guzmán, Karla Narváez-Pérez, Nelson D Cruz-Bermúdez, Manuel Díaz-Ríos
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076936/histochemical-and-morphological-aspects-of-fresh-frozen-bone-a-preliminary-study
#17
F S De Ponte, G Cutroneo, R Falzea, G Rizzo, L Catalfamo, A Favaloro, G Vermiglio, M Runci, A Centofanti, G Anastasi
Bone graft are used in dentistry for the reconstruction of severely atrophic jaws. Fresh frozen bone has no osteogenic property but it has osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties because its matrix contains growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate morphological and protein expression characteristics of fresh frozen bone before graft and after six months of graft in patients who needed maxillary reconstruction. After 6 month of graft we observed the presence of viable bone as evidenced by full osteocyte lacunae and by the presence of RANKR, osteocalcin positive cells and vascular endothelial growth factor...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073636/prognosis-of-double-crown-retained-removable-dental-prostheses-compared-with-clasp-retained-removable-dental-prostheses-a-retrospective-study
#18
Keita Ishida, Toshifumi Nogawa, Yoshiyuki Takayama, Masayasu Saito, Atsuro Yokoyama
PURPOSE: The present study compared the clinical prognosis of double crown-retained removable dental prostheses (D-DRPs) with that of clasp-retained removable dental prostheses (C-RDPs). METHODS: Clinical records of 201 patients who had received 52 D-RDPs with 144 abutment teeth (D-teeth) and 199 C-RDPs with 399 abutment teeth (C-teeth) at the Prosthetic Dentistry Clinic in Hokkaido University Hospital between April 2005 and June 2015 were analyzed. Survival and complication probabilities of the two types of prostheses and abutment teeth were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072988/-retrospective-analysis-of-pulp-revascularization-in-immature-permanent-teeth-with-diffuse-pulpitis
#19
C F Peng, Y M Zhao, Y Yang, H Liu, M Qin
Objective: To evaluate the treatment effectiveness of revascularization in immature permanent teeth with diffuse pulpitis and to provide an alternative approach for the treatment of these teeth. Methods: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from 17 immature permanent teeth which were diagnosed as diffuse pulpitis and with their pulp extirpated at Emergency Department of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. All these teeth were treated using pulp revascularization at Department of Pediatric Dentistry...
January 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067921/-preventive-dentistry-2-the-force-of-habit-and-the-change-to-healthy-oral-behaviour
#20
E Zwart, C O V M Gresnigt-Bekker
In a dental practice there are several situations where a change in behaviour of a patient is desirable or even necessary. It's not easy, however, to change someone's habits that they've had for many years, because these habits often give people a comfortable feeling. Change can lead to a decrease in self-confidence, which is why people are not always inclined to change. In order to realise a change in behaviour, there has to be an intrinsic motivation. An oral healthcare professional can increase the intrinsic motivation by using -Motivational Interviewing (MI)...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
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