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maternity blues

Guoyuan Sui, Bochen Pan, Guangcong Liu, Guangying Liu, Lie Wang
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiologists have explored the relationship between maternal postnatal depression (PND) and the intelligence quotient (IQ) of the resulting offspring, but the results remain inconclusive. This study aims to analyze the literature regarding the association between maternal PND and a child's IQ. DATA SOURCES: A search of articles in PubMed, Web of Science, and MEDLINE databases from inception to September 2015 was conducted and supplemented by a manual search of relevant reference lists...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Jezamine Lim, Zainul Rashid Mohamad Razi, Jiaxian Law, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi, Ruszymah Binti Haji Idrus, Min Hwei Ng
BACKGROUND AIMS: Human Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hWJMSCs) are possibly the most suitable allogeneic cell source for stromal cell therapy and tissue engineering applications because of their hypo-immunogenic and non-tumorigenic properties, easy availability and minimal ethical concerns. Furthermore, hWJMSCs possess unique properties of both adult mesenchymal stromal cells and embryonic stromal cells. The human umbilical cord (UC) is approximately 50-60 cm long and the existing studies in the literature have not provided information on which segment of the UC was studied...
October 7, 2016: Cytotherapy
C P Mboua, B A Nkoum, S P Abessouguié
In a setting such as Cameroon, where perinatal care offers few services for women with psychiatric problems during pregnancy, delivery, and the immediate postpartum period, the development of the relational dimension of care may help prevent severe psychiatric disorders . This study evaluates the role of the relational dimension of perinatal and early postpartum care (providing perinatal counseling and a space to speak) on women with blues on the intermediate-term outcomes of decompensation, in view of the importance of the emotional issues occurring in the perinatal period...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Leila Etemad, Reza Zafari, Seyed Adel Moallem, Naser Vahdati-Mashhadian, Zahra Skouei Shirvan, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Verbascoside (acteoside), a phenyl propanoid glycoside, comprises 0.5 to 3.5 % dry weight of Lippia citriodora leaves. A wide range of biological activities are attributed to verbascoside including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, anti-fungal, photoprotective as well as chelating effects. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of verbascoside on pregnancy outcome in mice. Timed-pregnant mice received doses of 1g/kg/day verbascoside or the vehicle control during organogenesis, intraperitoneally...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Maximilian Neugebauer, Jana K Böcker, Julian C J Matern, Shmuel Pietrokovski, Henning D Mootz
Protein splicing by inteins has found diverse applications in biotechnology, protein chemistry and chemical biology. Inteins display a wide range of efficiencies and rates unpredictable from their amino acid sequences. Here, we identified positions T22S and S35 in the LacZα peptide as intein insertion sites that strictly require protein splicing, in contrast to cleavage side-reactions, to allow for complementation of β-galactosidase activity. Both the cis-variant of the M86 mutant of the Ssp DnaB intein and a split form undergoing protein trans-splicing gave rise to formation of blue colonies in the β-galactosidase read-out...
September 15, 2016: Biological Chemistry
Narendra Kumar, Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj, Umashree Koudike, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi
BACKGROUND: A range of psychological disorders occur in women in the postpartum period apart from the traditional blues, postpartum depression and psychosis. These include obsession of infanticide, PTSD, morbid preoccupations regarding child birth and disorders of mother-infant relationships, though they are under emphasized. METHODS: it is a cross-sectional study conducted in the tertiary maternity care hospital. A total of 152 study subjects were interviewed on MINI (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory) and GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning) within 2 weeks after delivery...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Karolina Maliszewska, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Mariola Bidzan, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to identify factors increasing or decreasing the risk for postpartum blues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 101 women in their first week postpartum were included in the study. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, questions concerning their medical and social status, and psychological tests (the Personality Inventory NEO-FFI, The Mieczysław Plopa and Jan Rostowski Marriage Questionnaire, and the Berlin Social Support Scales) were used...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Carsten Lucass, Arne Iserbyt, Marcel Eens, Wendt Müller
Parental care increases parental fitness through improved offspring condition and survival but comes at a cost for the caretaker(s). To increase life-time fitness, caring parents are, therefore, expected to adjust their reproductive investment to current environmental conditions and parental capacities. The latter is thought to be signaled via ornamental traits of the bearer. We here investigated whether pre- and/or posthatching investment of blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) parents was related to ornamental plumage traits (UV crown coloration and carotenoid-based plumage coloration) expressed by either the individual itself (i...
May 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Bo Li, Augusto Zani, Carol Lee, Elke Zani-Ruttenstock, Ziyi Zhang, Xinpei Li, Wan Ip, Tanja Gonska, Agostino Pierro
BACKGROUND: Maternal separation (MS) leads to intestinal barrier dysfunction in neonatal mice. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is associated with apoptosis and pro-inflammatory response induction. We hypothesized that MS induced gut damage is associated with ER stress and that administration of an ER stress inhibitor protects gut damage. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice received intraperitoneal PBS (n=10) or Salubrinal (1mg/kg/day, n=10). MS was performed soon after treatment for 3h daily between P5 and P9...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Zahra Oskouei Shirvan, Leila Etemad, Reza Zafari, Seyed Adel Moallem, Naser Vahdati-Mashhadian, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Safety of Lippia citriodora, as a herbal remedy, in pregnancy has not yet been evaluated. This study aimed to identify the effect of L. citriodora aqueous extract on pregnancy outcome in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Timed-pregnant mice received doses of 0.5 g/kg/day L. citriodora aqueous extract or the vehicle control during organogenesis, intraperitoneally. Maternal body weights were measured throughout the pregnancy. The litters were examined for external malformations and skeletal abnormalities...
March 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Pamela Testardini, María Lucía Gallo Vaulet, Andrea Carolina Entrocassi, Claudia Menghi, Martha Cora Eliseht, Claudia Gatta, Mirta Losada, María Sol Touzón, Ana Corominas, Carlos Vay, Silvio Tatti, Angela Famiglietti, Marcelo Rodriguez Fermepin, Beatriz Perazzi
The aim of this study was to evaluate different methods for Trichomonas vaginalis diagnosis during pregnancy in order to prevent maternal and perinatal complications. A total of 386 vaginal exudates from pregnant women were analyzed. T. vaginalis was investigated by 3 types of microscopic examinations direct wet mount with physiologic saline solution, prolonged May-Grunwald Giemsa (MGG) staining, and wet mount with sodium-acetate-formalin (SAF)/methylene blue method. PCR for 18S rRNA gene as well as culture in liquid medium were performed...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Robert Langan, Andrew J Goodbred
Peripartum depression affects up to one in seven women and is associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity if untreated. A history of depression is the strongest risk factor for developing peripartum depression. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening pregnant and postpartum women for depression. Both two-step and one-step screening strategies are effective in identifying peripartum depression. Peripartum depression should be distinguished from the baby blues, which is characterized by short duration, mild symptoms, and minimal impact on functioning...
May 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Hong-Yu Zhang, Ren-Fei Guo, Yan Wu, Yi Ling
BACKGROUND: The one-step method was routine practices in China, scientific evidence to support this intervention is scarce. The purpose of this study was to observe the natural process of head-to-body delivery interval by waiting for at least one contraction (two-step) after head delivered in normal birth. METHODS: From March 1 to March 30 in 2015 at Haikou Maternal and Child Hospital in China, normal vaginal birth with normal baby condition were recorded by video...
May 5, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Chutima Roomruangwong, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, Michael Maes
The aim of this study is to delineate the risk factors of antenatal depression and its consequences, including postnatal depression, and to examine whether the hematocrit (Hct) is associated with maternal depression. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Spielberger's State Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Kennerley and Gath Maternity Blues Assessment Scale (KGB), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) were assessed at the end of term (T1) and 2-3 days (T2) and 4-6 weeks (T3) after delivery in 126 women with and without antenatal depression...
April 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Wen-Lin Liu, Huei-Chuan Shih, I-Szu Weng, Ya-Zhu Ko, Chi-Chu Tsai, Chang-Hung Chou, Yu-Chung Chiang
BACKGROUND: The intergeneric hybrids between Ascocenda John De Biase 'Blue' and Phalaenopsis Chih Shang's Stripes have been generated to introduce the blue color into the Phalaenopsis germplasm in prior study. In order to confirm the inheritance in hybrid progenies, genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis were conducted to confirm the intergeneric hybridization status. METHODS/RESULTS: GISH analysis showed the presence of both maternal and paternal chromosomes in the cells of the putative hybrids indicating that the putative hybrid seedlings were intergeneric hybrids of the two parents...
2016: PloS One
Dong Won Kim, Kelly A Glendining, David R Grattan, Christine L Jasoni
The arcuate nucleus (ARC) regulates body weight in response to blood-borne signals of energy balance. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in the ARC is determined by capillary endothelial cells (ECs) and tanycytes. Tight junctions between ECs limit paracellular entry of blood-borne molecules into the brain, whereas EC transporters and fenestrations regulate transcellular entry. Tanycytes appear to form a barrier that prevents free diffusion of blood-borne molecules. Here we tested the hypothesis that gestation in an obese mother alters BBB permeability in the ARC of offspring...
June 2016: Endocrinology
M Van Eetvelde, M M Kamal, M Hostens, L Vandaele, L O Fiems, G Opsomer
Prenatal development is known to be extremely sensitive to maternal and environmental challenges. In this study, we hypothesize that body growth and lactation during gestation in cattle reduce nutrient availability for the pregnant uterus, with consequences for placental development. Fetal membranes of 16 growing heifers and 27 fully grown cows of the Belgian Blue (BB) breed were compared to determine the effect of body growth on placental development. Furthermore, the fetal membranes of 49 lactating Holstein Friesian (HF) cows and 27 HF heifers were compared to study the impact of dam lactation compared to dam body growth...
August 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Carsten Lucass, Nolwenn Fresneau, Marcel Eens, Wendt Müller
Parental food provisioning and offspring begging influence each other reciprocally. This makes both traits agents and targets of selection, which may ultimately lead to co-adaptation. The latter may reflect co-adapted parent and offspring genotypes or could be due to maternal effects. Maternal effects are in turn likely to facilitate in particular mother-offspring co-adaptation, further emphasized by the possibility that mothers are sometimes found to be more responsive to offspring need. However, parents may not only differ in their sensitivity, but often play different roles in postnatal care...
March 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Fernando Galán, Isabel de Lavera, David Cotán, José A Sánchez-Alcázar
Introduction. Symptoms of mitochondrial diseases and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) frequently overlap and can easily be mistaken. Methods. We report the case of a patient diagnosed with CFS and during follow-up was finally diagnosed with mitochondrial myopathy by histochemical study of muscle biopsy, spectrophotometric analysis of the complexes of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and genetic studies. Results. The results revealed 3% fiber-ragged blue and a severe deficiency of complexes I and IV and several mtDNA variants...
July 2015: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Mahmood Khaksary Mahabady, Hossein Najafzadeh Varzi, Saeedeh Zareyan Jahromi
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a mustard alkylating agent used in the treatment of a number of neoplastic diseases and as an immunosuppressant for the prevention of xenograft rejection. There are many reports that the teratogenic effects of cyclophosphamide can be prevented by application of antioxidant drugs and stimulation of the maternal immune system. Also, there is some evidence that L-carnitine is antioxidant. Therefore, in this study, the prophylactic effect of L-carnitine on teratogenic effects of CP was evaluated...
November 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
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