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maternity blues

Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Sima Kiani Rad, Marzieh Moattari, Najaf Zare
Postpartum blues is a major risk factor for the incidence of postpartum depression and disruption of breastfeeding. This semi-experimental study investigated the effect of breastfeeding training based on the BASNEF model on severity of postpartum blues in 2012. Four educational sessions based on the BASNEF model were held separately for pregnant women and their mothers, mothers-in-law and spouses. The control group received routine care at the clinic. After delivery, women's knowledge of and attitude towards postpartum blues were evaluated using the Zung Self- Rating Depression Scale...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Warapan Nakayuenyongsuk, Megan Christofferson, David K Stevenson, Karl Sylvester, Henry C Lee, K T Park
OBJECTIVE: To establish baseline trends in fecal calprotectin, a protein excreted into the stool when there is neutrophilic inflammation in the bowel, in infants at risk for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective observational cohort study in infants with a birth weight of <1500 g without existing bowel disease at a level IV neonatal intensive care unit from October 2015 to September 2016. Stools were collected once daily for 30 days or until 32 weeks postmenstrual age and processed using the Fecal Calprotectin High Range Quantitative Quantum Blue assay...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Somayeh Ramezani, Ahmad Khosravi, Zahra Motaghi, Azam Hamidzadeh, Seyed Abbas Mousavi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cognitive-behavioural approach and solution-focused counselling on prevention of postpartum depression in nulliparous pregnant women. BACKGROUND: Maternity blues is a common disorder and postpartum depression is a serious disorder. Therefore, the use of preventive measures and timely intervention is of particular importance. METHODS: In this randomised clinical trial, 85 nulliparous pregnant women at 30-35 weeks were randomly divided into three groups: cognitive-behavioural counselling (n = 25), solution-focused counselling (n = 25) and control (n = 35)...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Christine E Gilmartin, To-Hao Vo-Tran, Laura Leung
Background The use of oral complementary and alternative medicines, including herbal supplements, has been increasing in pregnant women worldwide despite limited safety data. The decision of healthcare professionals to recommend these products to pregnant patients is controversial and not well documented. Objective To explore the recommendations and information sources that healthcare professionals use to determine the safety of oral non-prescribed supplements during pregnancy. Setting An Australian metropolitan maternity hospital...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Christina Petridou, Hazel Gray, Michael Heard, Lorna Sugden, Karen Davis-Blues, Nick Cortes, Mary Edwards, Kordo Saeed
In December 2015, an outbreak of pertussis was detected among staff working in the Maternity Unit of a district general hospital in Hampshire. This occurred in the background of increased pertussis activity in the community. The outbreak occurred over the Christmas holiday period causing staff shortages at a time when the departments were already overstretched. The high prevalence of upper respiratory tract infections at the time were difficult to distinguish from pertussis. This paper describes the outbreak, infection control measures implemented and the learning points...
September 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
Sharon M Young, Laura K Gryder, Chad Cross, David Zava, David W Kimball, Daniel C Benyshek
BACKGROUND: Human maternal placentophagy is gaining popularity among a growing number of women who believe it provides maternal benefits, including prevention of postpartum blues/depression, improved maternal bonding, and reduced fatigue. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study (N=27) in which participants consumed either their processed, encapsulated placenta (n=12), or similarly prepared placebo (n=15). Maternal mood, bonding, and fatigue were assessed via validated scales across four time points during late pregnancy and early postpartum...
November 23, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Barbara Brunner, Elisabeth Ralser, Elisabeth D'Costa, Kathrin Maurer, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Elke Griesmaier
Background: Connatal urinary ascites is rare in females without associated malformations and occurs following bladder rupture. Case Presentation: A female very preterm was delivered by caesarean section because of abnormal Doppler findings. The mother suffered from viral pneumonia requiring intensive care in the third trimester of pregnancy. Serial fetal ultrasound examinations showed a megacystis and ascites. Postnatally, pronounced isolated ascites was drained and its urinary nature was confirmed...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Lili Han, Zhiling Dong, Ningning Liu, Fei Xie, Ning Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cerebral ischemia often leads to breakdown of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and vasogenic edema. It remains to be established whether MEG3 is responsible for the hypoxic damage in neural cells. This study aimed to investigate the role of MEG3 in the hypoxia-induced injuries of PC12 cells. METHODS: The PC12 cells were seeded and cultured under hypoxia and normoxia culture conditions. The cell viability determined by trypan blue exclusion, apoptosis using propidium iodide (PI) and fluorescein isothiocynate (FITC)-conjugated Annexin V staining, cell-migration using a modified two-chamber migration assay with a pore size of 8 µM and invasion using 24-well Millicell Hanging Cell Culture inserts with 8 µM PET membranes...
October 31, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Michael E Tsimis, Jun Lei, Jason M Rosenzweig, Hattan Arif, Yahya Shabi, Wael Alshehri, Connie C Talbot, K Maravet Baig-Ward, James Segars, Ernest M Graham, Irina Burd
The P2X7 is an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-gated ion channel involved in several facets of immune activation and neuronal function through its importance in interleukin (IL)-1β secretion. We hypothesized that blockade of P2X7 would prevent perinatal brain injury associated with exposure to intrauterine (IU) inflammation. Dams received 45 mg/kg of Brilliant Blue G (BBG), a specific P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) antagonist, on gestation day 17 (E17) prior to administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)...
August 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
Samia A Omer, Hagir E Idress, Ishag Adam, Mutasim Abdelrahim, Ali N Noureldein, Abdelrahim M Abdelrazig, Mohammed O Elhassan, Suad M Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Malaria infection during pregnancy can result in placental malaria and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes particularly among primigravidae. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for placental malaria and its effect on pregnancy outcomes in Blue Nile state, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted consecutively during January 2012-December 2015 in three main hospitals in Blue Nile State, Sudan...
September 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
Eliza Drwal, Agnieszka Rak, Adam Grochowalski, Tomasz Milewicz, Ewa Lucja Gregoraszczuk
In the preset study we measured the concentrations of 16 priority PAHs in maternal blood and placental tissue by using the GC-MS/MS system, and investigated the effects of selected PAHs (naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene) and mixtures on BeWo and JEG-3 human placental cell line proliferation (Alamar Blue), cytotoxicity (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (XTT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), acid phosphatase (AP), endocrine activity (progesterone and estradiol secretion) and apoptosis (cyclin A1, cyclin D2, cdk 2, cdk 4, Bcl-xl, Bax, and caspase-3 protein expression)...
October 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
Antonio Bruno, Antonio Simone Laganà, Valentina Leonardi, Domenica Greco, Marzia Merlino, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Onofrio Triolo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
PURPOSE: Among negative emotions, anger has not been studied in as much depth in her connection to postpartum mood disorders. The study aimed to investigate the role of anger as a potential vulnerability factor increasing the risk of Maternity Blues (MB) and Postpartum Depression (PPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy underwent the following tests: the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory 2 - STAXI-2 (baseline visit), the Blues Questionnaire -BQ (3 and 5 days after delivery), and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) (3 and 6 months following delivery)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Fusheng Zhao, Fang Lei, Senfeng Zhang, Xiang Yan, Wen Wang, Yu Zheng
Maternal cigarette smoke exposure (CSE) during pregnancy is a well recognized causative factor for placental injury. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gaseous signal molecule, has been shown to exert a protective effect against tissue injury in many organs. This study aimed to investigate whether H2S could alleviate CSE-induced placental injury in rats. Pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: NaCl, CSE, CSE + NaHS (a donor of H2S) and NaHS. On gestational day 21, placental weight was measured. Placental H2S content was assessed by methylene blue method...
July 11, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Mohamed Fathi, Mohamed Ashry, Ali Salama, Magdy R Badr
The objectives of the present studies were to investigate the developmental capacity of dromedary camel oocytes selected by brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) staining and to investigate the expression of select transcripts in germinal vesicle (GV) stage oocytes. These transcripts included BMP15 and GDF9 as important transcripts for folliculogenesis and oocyte development, Zar1 and Mater as maternal transcripts required for embryonic development, Cyclin B1 and CDK1 as cell cycle regulators and Oct4 and STAT3 as transcription factors...
July 11, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
John J Govoni, James A Morris, David W Evans
Exposure to mercury (Hg) results in reproductive abnormalities and deficiencies in female fish. We traced the maternal assimilation and redistribution of dietary inorganic (HgII) and organic (MeHg) forms of Hg in a coastal marine fish, the Spot Leiostomus xanthurus. We conducted a 90-d laboratory experiment in which treatment Spot were fed muscle of Blue Marlin Makaira nigricans with elevated concentrations of Hg mixed with a commercial fish food, while control Spot were fed only commercial food pellets. Gonadal maturation was induced by shortening the photoperiod and increasing the temperature...
September 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Kayla E Ireland, Emma I Rodriguez, Ometeotl M Acosta, Patrick S Ramsey
Intra-amniotic dye instillation is a useful tool for evaluation of equivocal cases of preterm prelabor rupture of membranes and for genetic amniocentesis in multifetal gestation. Indigo carmine, the most used and studied dye, is no longer available. We sought to provide a resource of potential dyes for clinical use that summarizes dosing along with maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes. We reviewed the literature evaluating the use of alternative agents. Sodium fluorescein has proven clinical usefulness but has side effects when used intravenously...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yasser F Ali, Salah El-Morshedy, Riad M Elsayed, Amr M El-Sherbini, Saber Am El-Sayed, Nasser Ismail A Abdelrahman, Abdulbasit Abdulhalim Imam
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the value of routine metabolic screening tests in children with an intellectual disability (ID) and its impact on improving their outcome and quality of life through appropriate intervention and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pediatric Neurology Clinic, Al Khafji Joint Operations Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 150 children with nonsyndromic ID (66% males) in the age range of 5-17 years were compared with 50 apparently healthy age- and sex-matched controls...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Runqin Li, Juan Wu, Junlin He, Yingxiong Wang, Xueqing Liu, Xuemei Chen, Chao Tong, Yubin Ding, Yan Su, Wenqi Chen, Chen Zhang, Rufei Gao
Previous studies have investigated the lower embryo implantation rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, obesity and type 2 diabetes, and specifically the association between the abnormal oocyte and embryo and hyperinsulinemia. The importance of hyperinsulinemia on maternal endometrium receptivity remains to be elucidated. The present study used a hyperinsulinemic mouse model to determine whether hyperinsulinemia may affect endometrial receptivity. An insulin intervention mouse model was first established...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wiesława Kranc, Joanna Budna, Adrian Chachuła, Sylwia Borys, Artur Bryja, Marta Rybska, Sylwia Ciesiółka, Ewa Sumelka, Michał Jeseta, Klaus P Brüssow, Dorota Bukowska, Paweł Antosik, Małgorzata Bruska, Michał Nowicki, Maciej Zabel, Bartosz Kempisty
Maturation of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) is crucial for further successful monospermic fertilization, embryo growth, and implantation. All these events are accompanied by proliferation and differentiation of cumulus cells. The migration of COCs to the oviduct after ovulation and the interaction between female gametes and/or embryos with maternal tissues are still poorly recognized on the molecular level. This study was aimed to first demonstrate the mRNA expression profile of cell migration markers during different stages of porcine oocytes maturation and developmental capability in vitro...
April 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
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