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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922816/-people-love-player-s-cigarette-advertising-and-the-teenage-consumer-in-post-war-britain
#1
Daniel O'Neill
This article explores the background, creation and reception of a prominent cigarette advertising campaign from the early 1960s. The advertisements featured young couples falling in love as they shared Player's Medium cigarettes together. As such, the advertisements reflected the central place of the teenager within post-war British consumer culture. The campaign was built upon the insights of market research, particularly that carried out by Mark Abrams and his research organization Research Services Limited...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922028/analysis-of-aflatoxin-m1-in-breast-milk-and-its-association-with-nutritional-and-socioeconomic-status-of-lactating-mothers-in-lebanon
#2
Jomana Elaridi, Maya Bassil, Joelle Abi Kharma, Farah Daou, Hussein F Hassan
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most potent of the dietary aflatoxins, and its major metabolite, aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), is frequently found in the breast milk of lactating mothers. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and factors associated with AFM1 contamination of breast milk collected from lactating mothers in Lebanon. A total of 111 breast milk samples were collected according to the guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Samples were analyzed with a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay between December 2015 and November 2016...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922019/sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-children-with-adhd-associations-with-social-emotional-and-behavioural-functioning-at-school-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Isabelle Lucas, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems and/or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional and behavioural school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921711/foxp-expression-identifies-a-kenyon-cell-subtype-in-the-honeybee-mushroom-bodies-linking-them-to-fruitfly-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-c-neurons
#4
Adriana Schatton, Constance Scharff
The arthropod mushroom bodies (MB) are a higher order sensory integration center. In insects, they play a central role in associative olfactory learning and memory. In Drosophila melanogaster (Dm), the highly ordered connectivity of heterogeneous MB neuron populations has been mapped using sophisticated molecular genetic and anatomical techniques. The MB-core subpopulation was recently shown to express the transcription factor FoxP with relevance for decision-making. Here we report the development and adult distribution of a FoxP-expressing neuron population in the MB of honeybees (Apis mellifera, Am) using in situ hybridization and a custom-made antiserum...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921697/cross-country-skiing-is-associated-with-lower-all-cause-mortality-a-population-based-follow-up-study
#5
Jari A Laukkanen, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Setor K Kunutsor
OBJECTIVES: The prospective relationship between leisure time cross-country skiing and any fatal events is uncertain. We aimed to assess the associations of leisure time cross-country skiing habits with the risk of all-cause mortality in a general population. METHODS: A 12-month physical activity questionnaire was used at baseline to assess the frequency, average duration, and intensity of cross-country skiing in a prospective population-based cohort of 2,087 middle-aged men from Eastern Finland...
September 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921530/sympatric-parallel-diversification-of-major-oak-clades-in-the-americas-and-the-origins-of-mexican-species-diversity
#6
Andrew L Hipp, Paul S Manos, Antonio González-Rodríguez, Marlene Hahn, Matthew Kaproth, John D McVay, Susana Valencia Avalos, Jeannine Cavender-Bares
Oaks (Quercus, Fagaceae) are the dominant tree genus of North America in species number and biomass, and Mexico is a global center of oak diversity. Understanding the origins of oak diversity is key to understanding biodiversity of northern temperate forests. A phylogenetic study of biogeography, niche evolution and diversification patterns in Quercus was performed using 300 samples, 146 species. Next-generation sequencing data were generated using the restriction-site associated DNA (RAD-seq) method. A time-calibrated maximum likelihood phylogeny was inferred and analyzed with bioclimatic, soils, and leaf habit data to reconstruct the biogeographic and evolutionary history of the American oaks...
September 18, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920966/-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-prophylactic-program-in-a-selected-enterprise
#7
Jadwiga Siedlecka, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Agata Szyjkowska, Patryk Siedlecki, Wiesław Szymczak, Teresa Makowiec-Dąbrowska, Alicja Bortkiewicz
BACKGROUND: In Poland cardiovascular diseases (CVD), classified as work-related diseases, are responsible for 25% of disability and cause 50% of all deaths, including 26.9% of deaths in people aged under 65 years. The aim of the study was to analyze employee expectations regarding CVD- oriented prophylactic activities in the selected enterprise. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire, developed for this study, consists of: socio-demographic data, job characteristics, occupational factors, and questions about the respondents' expectations concerning the prevention program...
September 18, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920909/credit-card-fraud-detection-a-realistic-modeling-and-a-novel-learning-strategy
#8
Andrea Dal Pozzolo, Giacomo Boracchi, Olivier Caelen, Cesare Alippi, Gianluca Bontempi
Detecting frauds in credit card transactions is perhaps one of the best testbeds for computational intelligence algorithms. In fact, this problem involves a number of relevant challenges, namely: concept drift (customers' habits evolve and fraudsters change their strategies over time), class imbalance (genuine transactions far outnumber frauds), and verification latency (only a small set of transactions are timely checked by investigators). However, the vast majority of learning algorithms that have been proposed for fraud detection rely on assumptions that hardly hold in a real-world fraud-detection system (FDS)...
September 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919767/relationship-between-subtypes-and-symptoms-of-adhd-insomnia-and-nightmares-in-connection-with-quality-of-life-in-children
#9
Julia Grünwald, Angelika Anita Schlarb
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the links between sleep disorders and subtypes of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-inattention, ADHD-combined, ADHD-hyperactive/impulsive) in childhood. We set up a hypothetical model linking different symptoms of both disorders to construct the underlying and shared pathways. By examining a sample of children with ADHD we firstly tested parts of the model. METHODS: A total of 72 children with symptoms of ADHD (aged 6-13 years; 79...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918870/explaining-the-differences-in-household-food-waste-collection-and-treatment-provisions-between-local-authorities-in-england-and-wales
#10
A D Bees, I D Williams
Separate household food waste collection for anaerobic digestion is one method used in the sustainable management of biodegradable municipal solid waste (MSW). Recycling of food waste contributes to the UK's reuse, recycling and composting targets and can help local authorities boost plateauing rates whilst encouraging landfill diversion. This study explored the reasons for differences in the provision of food waste collections, using two comparable local authorities, one with a collection in Wales (Cardiff), and the other absent of such service in England (Southampton)...
September 14, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918787/-running-and-causes-of-running-related-injuries
#11
Camilla Kjær Cullum, Peter Hung Thanh Tran, Simon Døssing
Running is one of the most popular sports among the adult Danish population. Overuse injuries of the knee, such as runners knee, jumpers knee, patello-femoral pain syndrome and patello-femoral pre-arthrosis, are common and cause reduction of the health beneficial physical activity. Treatment should primarily focus on adjustment of training habits and physiotherapeutic guided rehabilitation. Other treatment options include changing landing pattern during running, corticosteroid injections, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and ultimately surgery...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918622/emission-changes-dwarf-the-influence-of-feeding-habits-on-temporal-trends-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-two-arctic-top-predators
#12
Heli Routti, Jon Aars, Eva Fuglei, Linda Hanssen, Karen Lone, Anuschka Polder, Åshild Ø Pedersen, Sabrina Tartu, Jeffrey M Welker, Nigel G Yoccoz
We monitored concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in relation to climate-associated changes in feeding habits and food availability in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) and arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) (192 plasma and 113 liver samples, respectively) sampled from Svalbard, Norway, during 1997-2014. PFASs concentrations became greater with increasing dietary trophic level, as bears and foxes consumed more marine as opposed to terrestrial food, and as the availability of sea ice habitat increased...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918361/daytime-sleepiness-and-related-factors-in-nursing-students
#13
Gökçe Demir
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the frequency and causes of daytime sleepiness in nursing students because it is an important factor in improving the health status of the students, controlling sleep problems, improving students' academic achievements, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of daytime sleepiness in nursing students and the factors associated with it. DESIGN: A cross-sectional research design was used in this study...
August 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918278/heavy-metals-as-hg-and-v-and-stable-isotope-ratios-%C3%AE-13-c-and-%C3%AE-15-n-in-fish-from-yellow-river-estuary-china
#14
Yuan Liu, Guijian Liu, Zijiao Yuan, Houqi Liu, Paul K S Lam
The Yellow River Estuary is a significant fishery, but at present there are few studies about the concentrations of arsenic (As), mercury (Hg) and vanadium (V) in fish from this area, which might cause potential health risk to fish consumers. The aim of this study was to research on the accumulation and potential sources of heavy metals in the fish of the Yellow River Estuary. Arsenic, Hg, V and stable isotope ratios (δ(15)N and δ(13)C) in 11 species of 129 fish were analyzed. Results showed that the concentrations of As and Hg were all lower than the guideline levels established by international organizations and legal limits by several countries...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918224/driving-on-urban-roads-how-we-come-to-expect-the-correct-speed
#15
Samuel G Charlton, Nicola J Starkey
The subjective categories that drivers use to distinguish between different road types have been shown to influence the speeds they choose to drive but as yet we do not understand the road features that drivers use to make their discriminations. To better understand how drivers describe and categorise the roads they drive, 55 participants were recruited to drive a video of familiar urban roads in a driving simulator at the speed they would drive these roads in their own cars (using the accelerator and brake pedal in the driving simulator to adjust their speed)...
September 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918168/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-frailty-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#16
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Renè Rizzoli, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a paucity of data investigating the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and frailty, with no data among North American people. We aimed to investigate if adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower incidence of frailty in a large cohort of North American people. METHODS: This study included subjects at higher risk or having knee osteoarthritis. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using a validated Mediterranean diet score (aMED) as proposed by Panagiotakos and classified into five categories...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918160/shopping-for-food-with-children-a-strategy-for-directing-their-choices-toward-novel-foods-containing-vegetables
#17
Xavier Allirot, Edurne Maiz, Elena Urdaneta
Involving children in the different steps of meal preparation has been suggested as a strategy for enhancing dietary habits in childhood. It has previously been shown that involving children in cooking can increase their willingness to taste novel foods and direct their food choices towards foods containing vegetables. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of involving children in food purchasing on food choices, intake, liking and appetite. A between-subject experiment was conducted with 86 children (from 8 to 10 years old)...
September 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917366/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-self-care-strategies-for-nausea-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-or-pelvic-irradiation-for-cancer-a-longitudinal-observational-study-of-implementation-in-routine-care
#18
Anna Enblom, Gunnar Steineck, Sussanne Börjeson
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally describe practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) self-care strategies for nausea during radiotherapy. METHODS: Two hundred patients daily registered nausea and practice of CAM self-care strategies, beside conventional antiemetic medications, for nausea during abdominal/pelvic irradiation (median five weeks) for gynecological (69%) colorectal (27%) or other tumors (4%). RESULTS: During radiotherapy, 131 (66%) experienced nausea, and 50 (25%) practiced self-care for nausea at least once, for a mean (m) of 15...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917240/snack-and-beverage-consumption-and-preferences-in-a-sample-of-chinese-children-are-they-influenced-by-advertising
#19
Peng Liu, Yang Yu, Lesley King, Mu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The consumption of unhealthy snack and beverages can lead to childhood obesity, which has become a major concern globally. Television food advertisements may influence children's snack and beverages preferences. This article aims to explore children's snack and beverage consumption habits; examine the extent of television advertising for non-core (energy-dense, nutrient poor) snack and beverages; and assess the influence of television advertising on children's snack and beverages preferences in Harbin, China...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917238/qualitative-study-of-eating-habits-in-bruneian-primary-school-children
#20
Tajidah Talip, Rajiah Serudin, Salmah Noor, Nik Tuah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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