keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Habit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783220/-the-role-of-social-and-economic-factors-in-the-formation-of-the-somatic-health-level-in-school-aged-children
#1
Veronika K Kozakevych, Larysa S Ziuzina, Liudmyla A Zhuk, Lidiia D Korovina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is devoted to a relevant problem - the state of health in school-aged children. Almost 90 % of school-aged children have deviations in their health, and over 50 % have poor physical fitness. Therefore, the problem of early diagnosis, detection and correction of pre-nosologic conditions is an effective means of preventing diseases and improving the health of children. The aim: The aim of the research was to examine the state of somatic health of school-aged children in Poltava and to identify the risk factors for its disturbances...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783065/participation-in-daily-life-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Jaclyn Omura, Molly Fuentes, Kristie Bjornson
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is a chronic condition which affects children and has an impact on social and physical activity, as well as participation in daily life. Participation and quality of life are two important measures of successful rehabilitation that have not been well studied in children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: To report levels of participation and examine the relationship of participation to quality of life (QOL) in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) DESIGN: Secondary analysis, cross-sectional cohort study SETTING: Regional pediatric specialty care center PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-III, age 2-9 years INTERVENTIONS: Not Applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL); Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H); Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (CAPE/APCP)...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782893/quantity-based-analysis-of-household-food-consumption-patterns-and-drivers-the-case-of-israel
#3
Yuval Damari, Meidad Kissinger
The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782312/naturalistic-driving-study-investigating-self-regulation-behavior-in-early-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#4
Laurence Paire-Ficout, Sylviane Lafont, Fanny Conte, Amandine Coquillat, Colette Fabrigoule, Joël Ankri, Frédéric Blanc, Cécilia Gabel, Jean-Luc Novella, Isabella Morrone, Rachid Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Because cognitive processes decline in the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the driving abilities are often affected. The naturalistic driving approach is relevant to study the driving habits and behaviors in normal or critical situations in a familiar environment of participants. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study analyzed in-car video recordings of naturalistic driving in patients with early-stage AD and in healthy controls, with a special focus on tactical self-regulation behavior...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782210/colonization-with-enterobacteriaceae-producing-esbls-ampcs-and-oxa-48-in-wild-avian-species-spain-2015-2016
#5
Jesús Oteo, Aida Mencía, Verónica Bautista, Natalia Pastor, Noelia Lara, Fernando González-González, Francisco Javier García-Peña, José Campos
Antibiotic resistance is a global threat of complex and changeable epidemiology. The role of wild birds in the dissemination of antibacterial resistance might be underestimated. We studied the cloacal colonization by cefotaxime-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in 668 wild birds in Spain. Eighty-eight wild birds (13.2%) of 28 species carried cefotaxime-resistant isolates; 58 of them (8.7%) carried extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and 15 (2.5%) plasmid-mediated AmpCs of the blaCIT family. The 58 ESBLs belonged to the CTX-M-1 group (63...
May 21, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781511/prevalence-and-risk-indicators-of-pain-related-temporomandibular-disorders-among-indonesian-children-and-adolescents
#7
Carolina Marpaung, Maurits K A van Selms, Frank Lobbezoo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pain-related temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) among Indonesian children and adolescents, and to investigate which risk indicators are associated with it. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 1,800 questionnaires were distributed among pupils of schools in the greater Jakarta area. This was done for 2 samples: children with ages ranging from 7 to 12 years (parental report) and adolescents aged 13-18 years (self-report)...
May 21, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781416/the-risk-of-rabies-spread-in-japan-a-mathematical-modelling-assessment
#8
H Kadowaki, K Hampson, K Tojinbara, A Yamada, K Makita
Rabies was eliminated from Japan in 1957. In the 60 years since elimination, vaccination coverage has declined and dog ownership habits have changed. The purpose of this study was to assess the current risk of rabies spread in Japan. A spatially explicit transmission model was developed at the 1 km2 grid scale for Hokkaido and Ibaraki Prefectures. Parameters associated with dog movement and bite injuries were estimated using historical records from Japan, and were used with previously published epidemiological parameters...
May 21, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780794/pediatric-scurvy-when-contemporary-eating-habits-bring-back-the-past
#9
Alice Brambilla, Cristina Pizza, Donatella Lasagni, Lucia Lachina, Massimo Resti, Sandra Trapani
Vitamin C deficiency is anecdotal in developed countries, mainly associated with underling clinical morbidities as autism or neurological impairment. Chronic insufficient dietary supply is responsible for vascular fragility and impaired bone formation, resulting in gingival bleeding, petechial lesions, articular and bone pain or limb swelling. Children may present anorexia, irritability, failure to thrive, limping or refusal to walk. Accordingly, pediatric scurvy is frequently misdiagnosed with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, bone and soft tissue tumor, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and rheumatologic conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780761/a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-in-barcelona-poiba-project-study-protocol-of-the-intervention
#10
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Olga Juárez, Gemma Serral, Sara Valmayor, Rosa Puigpinós, María Isabel Pasarín, Élia Díez, Carles Ariza
Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-olds. Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780740/impact-of-sense-of-coherence-on-oral-health-among-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Shaik Ijaz Ahmed, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, R V S Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu, Athuluru Deepthi
Aim and Objectives: To assess the sense of coherence (SOC) and the impact of SOC on oral hygiene behaviors and oral health status among bus drivers in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during August-September 2017. Cluster random sampling methodology was used for the selection of drivers. Five depots were randomly selected from the list of various Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation depots in Nellore district...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780597/outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-patients-with-slow-transit-constipation-results-from-a-prospective-study-with-long-term-follow-up
#12
Chao Ding, Wenting Fan, Lili Gu, Hongliang Tian, Xiaolong Ge, Jianfeng Gong, Yongzhan Nie, Ning Li
Background and aim: Gut microbiota may contribute to regulate colonic motility, which is involved in the etiology of constipation. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been demonstrated to restore intestinal homeostasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors of FMT for the treatment of slow transit constipation (STC). Methods: Fifty-two patients with STC received standardized FMT and were followed up for 6 months...
May 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780360/the-association-between-long-term-acenocoumarol-treatment-and-vitamin-d-deficiency
#13
Jolanta Sawicka-Powierza, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Ewa Jablonska, Beata Zelazowska-Rutkowska, Wojciech Jelski, Pawel Abramowicz, Caroline Sasinowski, Slawomir Chlabicz
Objective: Both vitamin D and K2 are involved in a number of metabolic processes, including bone metabolism; however, associations between the vitamins are not fully understood. The aim of the study was to evaluate serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in adult patients receiving long-term acenocoumarol (AC) treatment. Participants and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 58 Caucasian patients (31 women, 27 men) with a median age of 65 years receiving long-term AC therapy were evaluated and compared with 35 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779687/lack-of-improvement-in-antimicrobial-prescribing-after-a-diagnosis-of-clostridium-difficile-and-impact-on-recurrence
#14
Richard L Watson, Christopher J Graber
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial use is one of the largest modifiable risk factors for development of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). We sought to determine if a recent diagnosis of CDI affected the appropriateness of subsequent antimicrobial prescribing. METHODS: This study is a retrospective electronic chart review of the Greater Los Angeles Veterans Administration. Medication administration records were reviewed for all patients with new CDI from 2015-2016 to determine the appropriateness (drug choice, duration, and dosage) of all non-CDI antimicrobials prescribed within 90 days pre- and post-initial CDI (iCDI) positive testing...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779417/constipation-in-the-elderly-from-northern-sardinia-is-positively-associated-with-depression-malnutrition-and-female-gender
#15
Maria Pina Dore, Giovanni Mario Pes, Stefano Bibbò, Patrizia Tedde, Gabrio Bassotti
OBJECTIVES: Constipation is a common complaint in older adults. The rise in life expectancy may amplify the problem and increase social expenditure. We investigated the major risk factors associated with constipation in a large sample of elderly. METHODS: Outpatients from Northern Sardinia attending a Geriatric Unit between 2001 and 2014 were enrolled. Demographic and anthropometric data, income, education and self-reported bowel function were collected. The presence of constipation was adjusted for cognitive status, assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test; single and cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS); current or past symptomatic depression and anxiety measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS); nutritional status, evaluated using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA); type and number of different medications used...
May 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779292/paediatric-constipation-an-approach-and-evidence-based-treatment-regimen
#16
Harveen Singh, Frances Connor
BACKGROUND: Constipation affects 5-30% of children and is responsible for 3% of primary care visits. General practitioners (GPs) are frequently the first medical encounter for concerned parents regarding their child's bowel habit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the assessment and management of children with constipation to empower GPs to initiate treatment and know when to refer to a paediatrician. DISCUSSION: In the absence of organic aetiology, childhood constipation is almost always functional and often due to painful bowel movements that prompt the child to withhold stool...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779054/dietary-modifications-and-lipid-accumulation-product-are-associated-with-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressures-in-the-women-s-health-trial-feasibility-study-in-minority-populations
#17
REVIEW
Alok Bhargava
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately 65% of adults over 60 years in the USA are hypertensive. Poor dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles are fueling the hypertension epidemic. The effects of higher intakes of fruits and vegetables and whole-grain products on systolic and diastolic blood pressures were analyzed using data at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months on 349 and 573 subjects, respectively, in the control and intervention groups of the Women's Health Trial: Feasibility Study in Minority Populations...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778966/assessment-of-human-health-risk-associated-with-methylmercury-in-the-imported-fish-marketed-in-the-caribbean
#18
Fabio Fuentes-Gandara, Claudia Herrera-Herrera, José Pinedo-Hernández, José Marrugo-Negrete, Sergi Díez
The decline in marine and freshwaters catches in recent years in Colombia has led to a change in dietary habits, with an increase in the purchase and consumption of imported fish. This is of particular concern as fish are sometimes caught in mercury-contaminated waters, and are subsequently sold canned or uncanned. In addition, canned tuna has received little attention as it is widely assumed that concentrations are low. In this study, total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations were evaluated in three imported fish species marketed in Colombia, Prochilodus lineatus, Prochilodus reticulatus, and Pangasianodon hypophthalmus, plus four brands of canned tuna and one of sardines...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778950/efficacy-of-educational-intervention-to-improve-awareness-of-the-importance-of-iodine-use-of-iodized-salt-and-dietary-iodine-intake-in-northeastern-italian-schoolchildren
#19
Sara Watutantrige-Fernando, Susi Barollo, Loris Bertazza, Elisabetta Cavedon, Simona Censi, Jacopo Manso, Federica Vianello, Caterina Mian
OBJECTIVE: An educational program was conducted among school-aged children to improve their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis, their iodine status, and their dietary habits. METHODS: At the baseline (T0) and after 6 mo (T1), participants (970 at T0 and 949 at T1) answered questionnaires testing their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis and their eating habits. Urine samples were collected from a randomly selected subgroup of participants (313 at T0 and 312 at T1)...
March 23, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778160/food-contamination-as-a-pathway-for-lead-exposure-in-children-during-the-2010-2013-lead-poisoning-epidemic-in-zamfara-nigeria
#20
Simba Tirima, Casey Bartrem, Ian von Lindern, Margrit von Braun, Douglas Lind, Shehu Mohamed Anka, Aishat Abdullahi
In 2010, an estimated 400 to 500 children died of acute lead poisoning associated with artisanal gold mining in Zamfara, Nigeria. Processing of gold ores containing up to 10% lead within residential compounds put residents, especially children, at the highest risk. Principal routes of exposure were incidental ingestion and inhalation of contaminated soil and dusts. Several Nigerian and international health organizations collaborated to reduce lead exposures through environmental remediation and medical treatment...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
keyword
keyword
77994
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"