keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Habit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724063/evaluation-of-genetic-diversity-and-host-resistance-to-stem-rust-in-usda-nsgc-durum-wheat-accessions
#1
Shiaoman Chao, Matthew N Rouse, Maricelis Acevedo, Agnes Szabo-Hever, Harold Bockelman, J Michael Bonman, Elias Elias, Daryl Klindworth, Steven Xu
The USDA-ARS National Small Grains Collection (NSGC) maintains germplasm representing global diversity of small grains and their wild relatives. To evaluate the utility of the NSGC durum wheat ( L. ssp. ) accessions, we assessed genetic diversity and linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns in a durum core subset containing 429 lines with spring growth habit originating from 64 countries worldwide. Genetic diversity estimated using wheat single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers showed considerable diversity captured in this collection...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723943/stress-enhances-model-free-reinforcement-learning-only-after-negative-outcome
#2
Heyeon Park, Daeyeol Lee, Jeanyung Chey
Previous studies found that stress shifts behavioral control by promoting habits while decreasing goal-directed behaviors during reward-based decision-making. It is, however, unclear how stress disrupts the relative contribution of the two systems controlling reward-seeking behavior, i.e. model-free (or habit) and model-based (or goal-directed). Here, we investigated whether stress biases the contribution of model-free and model-based reinforcement learning processes differently depending on the valence of outcome, and whether stress alters the learning rate, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723935/responses-of-molluscan-communities-to-centuries-of-human-impact-in-the-northern-adriatic-sea
#3
Ivo Gallmetzer, Alexandra Haselmair, Adam Tomašových, Michael Stachowitsch, Martin Zuschin
In sediment cores spanning ~500 years of history in the Gulf of Trieste, down-core changes in molluscan community structure are characterized by marked shifts in species and functional composition. Between the 16th and 19th century, a strong heavy metal contamination of the sediments, most notably by Hg, together with the effects of natural climatic oscillations (increased sedimentation and organic enrichment) drive community changes. Since the early 20th century up to 2013, the combined impacts of cultural eutrophication, frequent hypoxic events and intensifying bottom trawling replace heavy metal contamination and climatic factors as the main drivers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723919/level-of-physical-activity-and-aerobic-capacity-associate-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#4
Nathalia Volpato, Juliana Kobashigawa, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Simoni Thiemi Kishimoto, Paula Teixeira Fernandes, Fernando Cendes
Epilepsy is more than seizures and includes a high risk of comorbidities and psychological disorders, leading to poor quality of life (QOL). Earlier studies have showed a sedentary lifestyle in people with epilepsy (PWE), which could contribute to poorer health and psychological problems. The purpose of the present study was to compare habits of physical activity (PA), aerobic capacity, and QOL between PWE and healthy controls in order to identify the necessity of intervention of habits and information on physical exercise (PE) and to better understand the importance of PE for PWE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723744/association-between-bowel-habits-and-quality-of-bowel-preparation-for-colonoscopy
#5
Dong-Won Lee, Ja Seol Koo, Seonghee Kang, Seung Young Kim, Jong Jin Hyun, Sung Woo Jung, Hyung Joon Yim, Sang Woo Lee
The effectiveness of colonoscopy is highly dependent on the quality of bowel preparation. Although many studies have previously evaluated the role of cleansing methods and dosing regimens, few have examined the association between bowel habits and subsequent bowel preparation. Here, we aimed to evaluate the impact of bowel habits on the quality of bowel preparation.A total of 404 patients who underwent a total colonoscopy and completed a personal bowel habit questionnaire at Korea University Hospital between December 2012 and December 2013 were enrolled...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723611/parent-reported-nutritional-risk-and-laboratory-indices-of-cardiometabolic-risk-and-in-preschool-aged-children
#6
Navindra Persaud, Hedyeh Ziai, Gerald Lebovic, Jonathon L Maguire, Marina Khovratovich, Janis A Randall Simpson, Khosrow Adeli, Jill Hamilton, Brian W McCrindle, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
BACKGROUND: Eating habits formed during childhood may contribute to the increasing prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders. Assessing nutritional risk in young children may help to prevent later cardiometabolic disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether parent-reported nutritional risk in preschool-aged children was associated with laboratory indices of cardiometabolic risk, namely leptin and insulin. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the relationship between nutritional risk as determined by the parent-completed NutriSTEP® questionnaire was assessed and compared to the serum leptin and insulin concentrations, hormones involved in regulation of food intake and biomarkers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722578/study-of-the-salivary-glands-in-triatominae-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae-their-color-and-application-to-the-chagas-disease-vector-evolution
#7
Jader de Oliveira, Amanda Ravazi, Eder Dos Santos Souza, Felipe Ferraz Figueiredo Moreira, Cleber Galvão, João Aristeu da Rosa, Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi
Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by feces of a triatomine that has the habit of defecating during blood feeding. The salivary glands of triatomines are important to hematophagy because their saliva is rich in anticoagulant and hemolytic proteins. The salivary glands of some Rhodnius species analyzed are reddish due to the presence of nitrophorins (antihemostatic activity). The present study aimed to analyze the color pattern of the salivary glands of 67 triatomine species to evaluate whether the presence of nitrophorins is a synapomorphy of Rhodnius or the tribe Rhodniini, or if it is shared with triatomines of the tribes Triatomini and Cavernicolini...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722113/specialised-stomatal-humidity-responses-underpin-ecological-diversity-in-c3-bromeliads
#8
Jamie Males, Howard Griffiths
The Neotropical Bromeliaceae display an extraordinary level of ecological variety, with species differing widely in habit, photosynthetic pathway, and growth form. Divergences in stomatal structure and function, hitherto understudied in treatments of bromeliad evolutionary physiology, could have been critical to the generation of variety in ecophysiological strategies among the bromeliads. Since humidity is a key factor in bromeliad niches, we focussed on stomatal responses to vapour pressure deficit (VPD)...
July 19, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721668/quantitative-analysis-of-s-mutans-lactobacillus-and-bifidobacterium-found-in-initial-and-mature-plaques-in-thai-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#9
K Mitrakul, S Chanvitan, A Jeamset, K Vongsawan
AIMS: To quantify Streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus and bifidobacterium in initial and mature plaque collected from children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and caries-free (CF) groups and to analyse the association between these bacteria and caries-related factors in each group. STUDY DESIGN: A collection of 120 initial and overnight supra-gingival plaques were collected from Thai children aged 2-5 years-old (S-ECC = 60, CF = 60). Plaque, gingival indices and decayed, missing, filled tooth (dmft) scores were recorded...
July 18, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721632/detection-and-characterization-of-three-zoonotic-viruses-in-wild-rodents-and-shrews-from-shenzhen-city-china
#10
Bo Wang, Chun-Lin Cai, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Wei-Hong Chen, Fei Zhuo, Zheng-Li Shi, Xing-Lou Yang
Diverse species of rodents and shrews, which are abundant worldwide, harbor a variety of viruses; some of these are closely related to human viruses and possess zoonotic potential. Previously studies have demonstrated that the mammarenavirus and hantavirus carried by rodents or shrews could cause diseases in human population. To determine the distribution of zoonotic viruses in Shenzhen city, the major city in southern China with a high population density, we analyzed 225 rodents (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus flavipectus) and 196 shrews (Suncus murinus) from urban and rural districts for the presence of mammarenavirus, hantavirus, and hepatitis E virus (HEV) by RT-PCR targeting the conserved regions...
July 17, 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721433/oral-health-and-the-frail-elderly
#11
L Rapp, S Sourdet, B Vellas, M-H Lacoste-Ferré
INTRODUCTION: The relationships between oral health conditions and frailty have rarely been explored. A systematic review of frailty components and oral health concluded that differences in study population endpoint criteria and study design cannot establish a relationship between frailty and oral health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the distribution of the OHAT (Oral Health Assessment Tool) score in a population of frail subjects and to assess associated parameters (age, socio-economic status, living conditions, education level, nutritional habits, cognitive functioning, autonomy)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720724/aortic-wall-inflammation-predicts-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-expansion-rupture-and-need-for-surgical-repair
#12
The Ma Rs Study Investigators
Background -Ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO) detect cellular inflammation on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm, we assessed whether USPIO-enhanced MRI can predict aneurysm growth rates and clinical outcomes. Methods -In a prospective multicentre open-label cohort study, 342 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (diameter ≥40 mm) were classified by the presence of USPIO enhancement and were monitored with serial ultrasound and clinical follow-up for at least 2 years...
July 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720615/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-ethosuximide-in-the-treatment-of-abdominal-pain-related-to-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibset-protocol-of-a-randomised-parallel-controlled-double-blind-and-multicentre-trial
#13
Nicolas Kerckhove, Julien Scanzi, Bruno Pereira, Denis Ardid, Michel Dapoigny
INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterised by the association of abdominal chronic pain with bowel habit disorders in the absence of identifiable organic disease. This is the first reason for consultation in gastroenterology, with an estimated prevalence of 10%-15% in industrialised countries. Although this is a benign gastrointestinal disease, its chronicity profoundly impacts the patient's quality of life and causes considerable health spending. Actual medical treatments are poorly efficient on IBS-related abdominal pain, making it a major public health concern...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720369/metabolic-work-up-of-patients-with-urolithiasis-indications-and-diagnostic-algorithm
#14
REVIEW
Hans-Göran Tiselius, Michel Daudon, Kay Thomas, Christian Seitz
CONTEXT: The incidence of urinary tract stone disease is increasing and the risk of recurrent stone formation is high. Appropriate therapeutic procedures with the aim of counteracting the progress of stone formation are highly desirable. Metabolic work-up is considered essential as a base for optimal design and follow-up of effective recurrence prevention. OBJECTIVE: To scrutinize the current literature with regard to principles of metabolic work-up for this heterogeneous group of patients...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720045/neonatal-acute-paronychia
#15
Luke Grome, Gregory Borah
BACKGROUND: Paronychia is defined as infection afflicting the eponychial nail folds of the hand or foot. Such infections are rarely reported in the perinatal age group, and not previously described in a neonate younger than 2 weeks. Trauma resulting in inoculation of the nail fold is the most common predisposing factor to paronychia. Oral trauma in the pediatric population from finger sucking predisposes this population to a different set of bacterial pathogens than adults. Contamination can progress to infection and abscess formation within the nail fold with the most prevalent vector in adult infections being Staphylococcus aureus...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719964/discovery-of-parasite-eggs-in-archeological-residence-during-the-15th-century-in-seoul-korea
#16
Pyo Yeon Cho, Jung-Min Park, Myeong-Ki Hwang, Seo Hye Park, Yun-Kyu Park, Bo-Young Jeon, Tong-Soo Kim, Hyeong-Woo Lee
During civil engineering construction near Sejong-ro, Jongro-ku, Seoul, cultural sites were found that are thought to have been built in the 15th century. This area was home to many different people as well as the leaders of the Yi dynasty. To gain further insight into the life styles of the inhabitants of the old capital, soil samples were collected from various areas such as toilets, water foundations, and drainage ways. Parasite eggs were examined by microscopy after 5 g soil samples were rehydrated in 0...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719492/fifty-men-3510-marathons-cardiac-risk-factors-and-coronary-artery-calcium-scores
#17
William O Roberts, Robert S Schwartz, Ross F Garberich, Samantha Carlson, Thomas Knickelbine, Jonathan G Schwartz, Gretchen Peichel, John R Lesser, Kelly Wickstrom, Kevin M Harris
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Many male marathon runners have elevated coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores despite high physical activity. We examined the association between CAC scores, cardiovascular risk factors, and lifestyle habits in long term marathoners. METHODS: We recruited men who had run ≥1 marathon annually for 25 consecutive years. CAC was assessed using coronary computed tomography angiography. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CAD) risk factors were measured with a 12-lead ECG, serum lipid panel, height, weight, resting blood pressure and heart rate, and a risk factor questionnaire...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718407/cell-and-tissue-biology-paves-a-path-to-breast-cancer-prevention
#18
Michael E Todhunter, Mark A LaBarge
We hypothesize that breast cancer susceptibility stems from interactions between difficult-to-modify cultural and dietary habits and aging processes that are modifiable. We propose a pathway to prevention that uses human organotypic systems that recapitulate hallmarks of aging in order to better understand and to modulate the biological consequences of aging in breast.
May 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718396/a-structured-literature-review-on-the-role-of-mindfulness-mindful-eating-and-intuitive-eating-in-changing-eating-behaviours-effectiveness-and-associated-potential-mechanisms
#19
Janet M Warren, Nicola Smith, Margaret Ashwell
The role of mindfulness, mindful eating and a newer concept of intuitive eating in modulating eating habits is an area of increasing interest. In this structured literature review, a summary of the current evidence is presented, together with details of interventions undertaken and the tools to measure outcomes. It is broad in scope given the emerging evidence base in this area. The review yielded sixty-eight publications: twenty-three interventions in obese/overweight populations; twenty-nine interventions in normal-weight populations; sixteen observational studies, three of which were carried out in overweight/obese populations...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718251/comparison-of-dietary-practices-and-body-mass-index-among-educated-housewives-and-working-women-in-karachi
#20
Lubna Raza, Tahira Mohsin Ali, Abid Hasnain
BACKGROUND: Body Mass Index (BMI) is considered as a major determinant of health. The objective of study was to find out differences between dietary practices, as well as BMI in educated housewives and working woman. It is supposed that both study groups may have difference in work pressures with resultant diverse preferences for food. This can affect health status particularly in relation to obesity in women. Furthermore, we selected participants with 14 years' education expecting basic awareness of healthful diet...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
keyword
keyword
77994
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"