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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432891/modification-of-an-existing-in%C3%A2-vitro-method-to-predict-relative-bioavailable-arsenic-in-soils
#1
Shane Whitacre, Nicholas Basta, Brooke Stevens, Valerie Hanley, Richard Anderson, Kirk Scheckel
The soil matrix can sequester arsenic (As) and reduces its exposure by soil ingestion. In vivo dosing studies and in vitro gastrointestinal (IVG) methods have been used to predict relative bioavailable (RBA) As. Originally, the Ohio State University (OSU-IVG) method predicted RBA As for soils exclusively from mining and smelting sites with a median of 5,636 mg As kg(-1). The objectives of the current study were to (i) evaluate the ability of the OSU-IVG method to predict RBA As for As contaminated soils with a wider range of As content and As contaminant sources, and (ii) evaluate a modified extraction procedure's ability to improve prediction of RBA As...
April 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406919/what-are-the-assets-and-weaknesses-of-hfo-detectors-a-benchmark-framework-based-on-realistic-simulations
#2
Nicolas Roehri, Francesca Pizzo, Fabrice Bartolomei, Fabrice Wendling, Christian-George Bénar
High-frequency oscillations (HFO) have been suggested as biomarkers of epileptic tissues. While visual marking of these short and small oscillations is tedious and time-consuming, automatic HFO detectors have not yet met a large consensus. Even though detectors have been shown to perform well when validated against visual marking, the large number of false detections due to their lack of robustness hinder their clinical application. In this study, we developed a validation framework based on realistic and controlled simulations to quantify precisely the assets and weaknesses of current detectors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337411/physiological-and-pathological-high-frequency-oscillations-have-distinct-sleep-homeostatic-properties
#3
Nicolás von Ellenrieder, François Dubeau, Jean Gotman, Birgit Frauscher
OBJECTIVE: The stage of sleep is a known modulator of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs). For instance, high amplitude slow waves during NREM sleep and the subtypes of REM sleep were shown to contribute to a better separation between physiological and pathological HFOs. This study investigated rates and spatial spread of the different HFO types (physiological and pathological ripples in the 80-250 Hz frequency band, and fast ripples above 250 Hz) depending on time spent in sleep across the different sleep cycles...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291015/single-layer-of-ge-quantum-dots-in-hfo2-for-floating-gate-memory-capacitors
#4
A M Lepadatu, C Palade, A Slav, A V Maraloiu, S Lazanu, T Stoica, C Logofatu, V S Teodorescu, M L Ciurea
High performance trilayer memory capacitors with a floating gate of a single layer of Ge quantum dots (QDs) in HfO2 were fabricated using magnetron sputtering followed by rapid thermal annealing (RTA). The layer sequence of the capacitors is gate HfO 2/floating gate of single layer of Ge QDs in HfO 2/tunnel HfO 2/p-Si wafers. Both Ge and HfO2 are nanostructured by RTA at moderate temperatures of 600-700 °C. By nanostructuring at 600 °C, the formation of a single layer of well separated Ge QDs with diameters of 2-3 nm at a density of 4-5 × 10(15) m(-2) is achieved in the floating gate (intermediate layer)...
April 28, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281660/dpp-4-inhibitor-and-estrogen-share-similar-efficacy-against-cardiac-ischemic-reperfusion-injury-in-obese-insulin-resistant-and-estrogen-deprived-female-rats
#5
Sivaporn Sivasinprasasn, Pongpan Tanajak, Wanpitak Pongkan, Wasana Pratchayasakul, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
Estrogen deprivation aggravates cardiac injury after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Although either estrogen or the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, vildagliptin, reduces myocardial damage following cardiac I/R, their effects on the heart in obese-insulin resistant and estrogen deprived conditions remain unknown. Ovariectomized (O) rats (n = 36) were divided to receive either normal diet (NDO) or high-fat diet (HFO) for 12 weeks, followed by treatment with a vehicle, estrogen or vildagliptin for 4 weeks...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268496/computational-modeling-of-high-frequency-oscillations-recorded-with-clinical-intracranial-macroelectrodes
#6
M Shamas, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Khalil, F Wendling
High Frequency Oscillations (HFOs) are a potential biomarker of epileptogenic regions. They have been extensively investigated in terms of automatic detection, classification and feature extraction. However, the mechanisms governing the generation of HFOs as well as the observability conditions on clinical intracranial macroelectrodes remain elusive. In this paper, we propose a novel physiologically-relevant macroscopic model for accurate simulation of HFOs as invasively recorded in epileptic patients. This model accounts for both the temporal and spatial properties of the cortical patch at the origin of epileptiform activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268481/multi-channel-algorithms-for-epileptic-high-frequency-oscillation-detection
#7
Chen-Wei Chou, Chien Chen, Shang-Yeong Kwan, Shun-Chi Wu
Short-lasting rhythmic activity in intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) in the frequency range of 80 to 500 Hz is regarded to be a promising biomarker of epileptogenicity. This activity is referred to as high-frequency oscillation (HFO), and its detection from iEEG is considered the first step to several applications. In this study, several multi-channel algorithms for HFO detection are proposed. With the proposed multi-channel statistics and threshold determination scheme, the algorithms allow HFO detection to be performed without breaking the iEEG channel structure and the detection threshold to be determined automatically...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256273/direct-resin-composite-restorations-for-fractured-maxillary-teeth-and-diastema-closure-a-7-years-retrospective-evaluation-of-survival-and-influencing-factors
#8
Edina Lempel, Bálint Viktor Lovász, Réka Meszarics, Sára Jeges, Ákos Tóth, József Szalma
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study evaluated the survival rate of anterior direct resin based composite (RBC) build-ups in vital teeth made of microhybrid and nanofill RBC materials and the influence of bruxism, beverage consumption and smoking on the long-term performance of restorations. METHODS: Patients receiving anterior restoration between 2006 and 2011, with the diagnosis of fracture or diastema, were selected. A total of 65 adult patients (mean age: 25...
April 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235667/automated-detection-of-high-frequency-oscillations-in-electrophysiological-signals-methodological-advances
#9
Miguel Navarrete, Jan Pyrzowski, Juliana Corlier, Mario Valderrama, Michel Le Van Quyen
In recent years, new recording technologies have advanced such that oscillations of neuronal networks can be identified from simultaneous, multisite recordings at high temporal and spatial resolutions. However, because of the deluge of multichannel data generated by these experiments, achieving the full potential of parallel neuronal recordings also depends on the development of new mathematical methods capable of extracting meaningful information related to time, frequency and space. In this review, we aim to bridge this gap by focusing on the new analysis tools developed for the automated detection of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs, > 40 Hz) in local field potentials...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226670/computational-modeling-of-high-frequency-oscillations-recorded-with-clinical-intracranial-macroelectrodes
#10
M Shamas, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Khalil, F Wendling, M Shamas, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Khalil, F Wendling, M Khalil, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Shamas, F Wendling
High Frequency Oscillations (HFOs) are a potential biomarker of epileptogenic regions. They have been extensively investigated in terms of automatic detection, classification and feature extraction. However, the mechanisms governing the generation of HFOs as well as the observability conditions on clinical intracranial macroelectrodes remain elusive. In this paper, we propose a novel physiologically-relevant macroscopic model for accurate simulation of HFOs as invasively recorded in epileptic patients. This model accounts for both the temporal and spatial properties of the cortical patch at the origin of epileptiform activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226654/multi-channel-algorithms-for-epileptic-high-frequency-oscillation-detection
#11
Chen-Wei Chou, Chien Chen, Shang-Yeong Kwan, Shun-Chi Wu, Chen-Wei Chou, Chien Chen, Shang-Yeong Kwan, Shun-Chi Wu, Chien Chen, Chen-Wei Chou, Shun-Chi Wu, Shang-Yeong Kwan
Short-lasting rhythmic activity in intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) in the frequency range of 80 to 500 Hz is regarded to be a promising biomarker of epileptogenicity. This activity is referred to as high-frequency oscillation (HFO), and its detection from iEEG is considered the first step to several applications. In this study, several multi-channel algorithms for HFO detection are proposed. With the proposed multi-channel statistics and threshold determination scheme, the algorithms allow HFO detection to be performed without breaking the iEEG channel structure and the detection threshold to be determined automatically...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176491/cells-responding-to-surface-structure-of-calcium-phosphate-ceramics-for-bone-regeneration
#12
Jingwei Zhang, Lanying Sun, Xiaoman Luo, Davide Barbieri, Joost D de Bruijn, Clemens A van Blitterswijk, Lorenzo Moroni, Huipin Yuan
Surface structure largely affects the inductive bone-forming potential of calcium phosphate (CaP) ceramics in ectopic sites and bone regeneration in critical-sized bone defects. Surface-dependent osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) partially explained the improved bone-forming ability of submicron surface structured CaP ceramics. In this study, we investigated the possible influence of surface structure on different bone-related cells, which may potentially participate in the process of improved bone formation in CaP ceramics...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160749/interrater-reliability-of-visually-evaluated-high-frequency-oscillations
#13
Aaron M Spring, Daniel J Pittman, Yahya Aghakhani, Jeffrey Jirsch, Neelan Pillay, Luis E Bello-Espinosa, Colin Josephson, Paolo Federico
OBJECTIVE: High frequency oscillations (HFOs) and interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) have been shown to be markers of epileptogenic regions. However, there is currently no 'gold standard' for identifying HFOs. Accordingly, we aimed to formally characterize the interrater reliability of HFO markings to validate the current practices. METHODS: A morphology detector was implemented to detect events (candidate HFOs, lower-threshold events, and distractors) from the intracranial EEG (iEEG) of ten patients...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158072/influence-of-coating-thickness-on-laser-induced-damage-characteristics-of-anti-reflection-coatings-irradiated-by-1064%C3%A2-%C3%A2-nm-nanosecond-laser-pulses
#14
Zhi Song, Xinbin Cheng, Hongping Ma, Jinlong Zhang, Bin Ma, Hongfei Jiao, Zhanshan Wang
The influence of coating thickness on laser-induced damage (LID) characteristics of anti-reflection (AR) coatings irradiated by 1064 nm nanosecond laser pulses was investigated. Two HfO<sub>2</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub> AR coatings with different physical thicknesses, 0.7 and 2.7 μm, were prepared and tested. To study the effect of coating thickness on a laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) in isolation, electric field intensities (EFIs) at the substrate-coating interface were kept the same by using proper AR designs...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158069/strategies-to-increase-laser-damage-performance-of-ta-sub-2-sub-o-sub-5-sub-sio-sub-2-sub-mirrors-by-modifications-of-the-top-layer-design
#15
Drew Schiltz, Dinesh Patel, Cory Baumgarten, Brendan A Reagan, Jorge J Rocca, Carmen S Menoni
Ta<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub> high reflection (HR) interference coatings for λ∼1  μm offer superior performance at high irradiance conditions. However, these coatings are not good candidates for high peak power conditions in comparison to HfO<sub>2</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub> multilayer stacks. Here we show that the modification of the top layers design of a quarter wave Ta<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub> high reflector leads to 4-5 fold increase in the laser damage fluence compared to a quarter wave (Ta<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub>)<sup>15</sup> when tested at λ=1...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158051/mechanical-structural-and-optical-properties-of-peald-metallic-oxides-for-optical-applications
#16
Svetlana Shestaeva, Astrid Bingel, Peter Munzert, Lilit Ghazaryan, Christian Patzig, Andreas Tünnermann, Adriana Szeghalmi
Structural, optical, and mechanical properties of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>, SiO<sub>2</sub>, and HfO<sub>2</sub> materials prepared by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) were investigated. Residual stress poses significant challenges for optical coatings since it may lead to mechanical failure, but in-depth understanding of these properties is still missing for PEALD coatings. The tensile stress of PEALD alumina films decreases with increasing deposition temperature and is approximately 100 MPa lower than the stress in thermally grown films...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158047/characterization-of-grain-sizes-and-roughness-of-hfo-sub-2-sub-single-layers
#17
Lei Zhang, Xinbin Cheng, Jinlong Zhang, Hongfei Jiao, Ganghua Bao, Tao Ding, Zhanshan Wang
The grain sizes and their influence on the roughness of an HfO<sub>2</sub> single layer prepared with ion-assisted deposition were investigated. Three methods, x ray diffractometry, atomic force microscopy, and the k-correlated power spectral density function model, were used to obtain the grain sizes in two HfO<sub>2</sub> single layers with 16 and 20 nm thicknesses. X ray diffractometry showed that the grain sizes were about 7 and 9 nm, respectively, whereas the other two methods demonstrated that the grain sizes were about 14 and 16 nm...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113472/a-spatially-focused-method-for-high-density-electrode-based-functional-brain-mapping-applications
#18
Chih-Wei Chang, Yue-Loong Hsin, Wentai Liu
Mapping the electric field of the brain with electrodes benefits from its superior temporal resolution but is prone to low spatial resolution property comparing with other modalities such as fMRI, which can directly impact the precision of clinical diagnosis. Simulations show that dense arrays with straightforwardly miniaturized electrodes in terms of size and pitch may not improve the spatial resolution but only strengthen the cross coupling between adjacent channels due to volume conduction. We present a new spatially focused method to improve the electrode spatial selectivity and consequently suppress the neural signal coupling from the sources in the vicinity...
March 7, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107659/high-frequency-oscillations-and-seizure-like-discharges-in-the-entorhinal-cortex-of-the-in-vitro-isolated-guinea-pig-brain
#19
Laura Uva, Davide Boido, Massimo Avoli, Marco de Curtis, Maxime Lévesque
We analyzed the patterns of seizure-like activity and associated high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) induced by the K(+) channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4AP, 50μM) or the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline methiodide (BMI, 50μM) in the in vitro isolated guinea pig brain preparation. Extracellular field recordings were obtained from the medial entorhinal cortex (EC) using glass pipettes or silicon probes; 4AP or BMI were applied through the basilar artery. Ripples (80-200Hz) or fast ripples (250-500Hz) occurred at higher rates shortly before ictal events induced by 4AP or BMI, respectively...
February 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098196/enhanced-removal-of-as-v-from-aqueous-solution-using-modified-hydrous-ferric-oxide-nanoparticles
#20
Lijuan Huo, Xibai Zeng, Shiming Su, Lingyu Bai, Yanan Wang
Hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) is most effective with high treatment capacity on arsenate [As(V)] sorption although its transformation and aggregation nature need further improvement. Here, HFO nanoparticles with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) or starch as modifier was synthesized for the purpose of stability improvement and As(V) removal from water. Comparatively, CMC might be the optimum stabilizer for HFO nanoparticles because of more effective physical and chemical stability. The large-pore structure, high surface specific area, and the non-aggregated nature of CMC-HFO lead to increased adsorption sites, and thus high adsorption capacities of As(V) without pre-treatment (355 mg·g(-1)), which is much greater than those reported in previous studies...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
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