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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549526/mobile-phone-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-stressors-among-people-living-with-hiv-elucidating-factors-underlying-health-related-challenges-in-daily-routines
#1
Shu Farmer, Deborah Mindry, W Scott Comulada, Dallas Swendeman
Stressful life events and daily hassles affect people living with HIV (PLWH). However, capturing stress-related events and cognitive impairment is often plagued with recall biases. Incorporating reliable information technology, such as mobile phones, can be a resourceful method for measuring health behaviors (MHB). We report findings from an MHB pilot study with 32 African American, Latino/Hispanic, and White PLWH from Los Angeles. Participants reported perceived stressors in their daily routines using a smartphone Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) application...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545803/impact-of-a-multidisciplinary-heart-failure-postdischarge-management-clinic-on-medication-adherence
#2
Lingyun Lu, Cynthia A Jackevicius, Noelle K de Leon, Alberta L Warner, Donald S Chang, Freny Vaghaiwalla Mody
PURPOSE: Disease management programs have been associated with improved adherence to heart failure (HF) medications. However, there remain limited data on the benefit of a comprehensive multidisciplinary HF postdischarge management (PDM) clinic that promptly follows HF-related hospitalization on evidence-based HF medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an HF-PDM clinic on adherence to evidence-based HF medication therapy...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544955/associations-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-emotional-symptoms-with-the-subjective-effects-of-alcohol-cigarettes-and-cannabis-in-adolescents
#3
Raina D Pang, Casey R Guillot, Michael J Zvolensky, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Adam M Leventhal
Maladaptive emotional traits (anxiety sensitivity [AS], fear of anxiety-related sensations and consequences) and symptoms (major depressive disorder [MDD] and generalized anxiety disorder [GAD] symptoms) could play a role in altering sensitivity to the subjective effects of drugs of abuse in adolescents. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of high school students in Los Angeles, CA, USA who completed surveys and reported past six-month use of alcohol (n=1054), cigarettes (n=297), or cannabis (n=706). At each of the four semi-annual waves during mid-adolescence (14-16years old), students reported positive and negative subjective drug effects experienced in the prior six-months...
May 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544249/37th-annual-david-w-smith-workshop-on-malformations-and-morphogenesis-abstracts-of-the-2016-annual-meeting
#4
Kim M Keppler-Noreuil, Julian A Martinez-Agosto, Louanne Hudgins, John C Carey
The 37th Annual David W. Smith Workshop on Malformations and Morphogenesis occurred on September 9th-14th, 2016 at the University of California-Los Angeles Conference Center in Lake Arrowhead, CA. The Workshop, which honors the legacy of David W. Smith, brought together clinicians and researchers interested in congenital malformations and their underlying mechanisms of morphogenesis. The Workshop highlighted five themes besides mechanisms of morphogenesis and New Syndromes: Neural Crestopathies, Mosaicism, Disorders of Skin Pigmentation, Therapies, and Ear Malformations and Hearing Loss...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540999/do-cerclage-cables-delay-the-time-to-bone-union-in-patients-with-an-unstable-humeral-shaft-fracture-treated-with-intramedullary-nails
#5
Kyeong Jin Han, Doo Hyung Lee, Joon Young Bang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the time to bone union after open reduction and internal fixation with cerclage cables followed by intramedullary nailing (IMN) for unstable humeral shaft fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a humeral shaft fracture treated by IMN were enrolled. One group of patients was treated via open reduction and internal fixation with cables followed by IMN (cable group; n=32), while the other group was treated with a conventional closed IMN (non-cable group; n=64)...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535293/invited-commentary-a-landmark-study-launched-in-a-public-health-maelstrom
#6
Eric A Engels, Charles S Rabkin, James J Goedert
The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic was first recognized in 1981, and it quickly became a public health emergency. In a 1987 paper in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 1987;126(2): 310-318), Richard Kaslow et al. described the launch of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), a cohort study of homosexual men in 4 US cities, the purpose of which was to better understand the natural history of AIDS and its determinants. The MACS enrolled participants through a range of community contacts...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532198/provider-perceptions-on-hiv-risk-and-prevention-services-within-permanent-supportive-housing
#7
Suzanne L Wenzel, Benjamin Henwood, Taylor Harris, Hailey Winetrobe, Harmony Rhoades
Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is an evidence-based solution to homelessness for persons experiencing chronic or long-term homelessness and one or more physical or behavioral health problems. Health services through PSH typically focus on physical and behavioral health. With the exception of programs specifically designed for persons living with HIV/AIDS, little attention has focused on services through PSH to prevent transmission of HIV or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), yet sexual risk behavior continues after homeless persons move into PSH...
May 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#8
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529465/using-stakeholder-input-to-inform-an-innovative-research-and-policy-initiative-to-improve-depression-in-safety-net-communities
#9
Dmitry Khodyakov, Pluscedia Williams, Elizabeth Bromley, Bowen Chung, Kenneth Wells
THE PROBLEM: Depression quality improvement programs based on chronic disease management models have been shown to improve depression outcomes. Nonetheless, access to and the use of such programs is limited in minority, under-resourced communities. PURPOSE OF ARTICLE: We report on the outcomes of a Delphi-based consensus exercise conducted by our partnership at a community-wide conference in Los Angeles. Participants identified and prioritized the needs of depressed individuals that should be addressed in a county-wide Health Neighborhood Initiative designed to increase existing mental health, substance use, healthcare, and social services for individuals with low socioeconomic position...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527026/erratum-to-evaluating-the-change-in-medical-marijuana-dispensary-locations-in-los-angeles-following-the-passage-of-local-legislation
#10
Crystal Thomas, Bridget Freisthler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523360/comparison-of-the-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-and-conventional-ph-for-measuring-esophageal-acid-exposure-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#11
Masato Hoshino, Nobuo Omura, Fumiaki Yano, Kazuto Tsuboi, Se Ryung Yamamoto, Shunsuke Akimoto, Takahiro Masuda, Hideyuki Kashiwagi, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND: The modalities for evaluating acid reflux in medical care for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) include conventional pH (C-pH), wireless pH (Bravo(®)) and multichannel intraluminal impedance pH (MII-pH), which have been reported to vary with respect to the duration of acid reflux. In this study, we examined the difference between the acid reflux in C-pH and MII-pH among patients with GERD. METHODS: Prior to initial laparoscopic fundoplication carried out on 297 cases from December 1994 to April 2016, an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and C-pH or MII-pH were conducted...
May 18, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521301/activation-of-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3-stat3-signaling-in-egfr-mutant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc
#12
Carles Codony-Servat, Jordi Codony-Servat, Niki Karachaliou, Miguel Angel Molina, Imane Chaib, Jose Luis Ramirez, Maria de Los Llanos Gil, Flavio Solca, Trever G Bivona, Rafael Rosell
Gefitinib, erlotinib or afatinib are the current treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring an activating mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), but less than 5% of patients achieve a complete response and the median progression-free survival is no longer than 12 months. Early adaptive resistance can occur as soon as two hours after starting treatment by activating signal transducer and activation of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling. We investigated the activation of STAT3 in a panel of gefitinib-sensitive EGFR mutant cell lines, and gefitinib-resistant PC9 cell lines developed in our laboratory...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520669/investigating-the-connection-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-adolescents
#13
Tara Rhine, Amy Cassedy, Keith Owen Yeates, Hudson Gerry Taylor, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially modifiable individual and social-environmental correlates of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among adolescents hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Four pediatric hospitals and 1 general hospital in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Children ages 11 to 18 years, hospitalized for moderate-severe TBI within the past 18 months. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513533/deleterious-metabolic-effects-of-high-fructose-intake-the-preventive-effect-of-lactobacillus-kefiri-administration
#14
María Guillermina Zubiría, Sabrina Eliana Gambaro, María Amanda Rey, Paula Carasi, María de Los Ángeles Serradell, Andrés Giovambattista
Modern lifestyle and diets have been associated with metabolic disorders and an imbalance in the normal gut microbiota. Probiotics are widely known for their health beneficial properties targeting the gut microbial ecosystem. The aim of our study was to evaluate the preventive effect of Lactobacillus kefiri (L. kefiri) administration in a fructose-rich diet (FRD) mice model. Mice were provided with tap water or fructose-added (20% w/v) drinking water supplemented or not with L. kefiri. Results showed that probiotic administration prevented weight gain and epidydimal adipose tissue (EAT) expansion, with partial reversion of the adipocyte hypertrophy developed by FRD...
May 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511945/low-rates-of-aseptic-tibial-loosening-in-obese-patients-with-use-of-high-viscosity-cement-and-standard-tibial-tray-2-year-minimum-follow-up
#15
David A Crawford, Keith R Berend, Denis Nam, Robert L Barrack, Joanne B Adams, Adolph V Lombardi
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is overall a very successful surgery, but complications do occur. These complications include aseptic loosening of the tibial component, and obese patients are among the highest risk group. High-viscosity cement (HVC) has been implicated as a possible cause for aseptic loosening of the tibial component. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of aseptic loosening of the tibial component in obese patients with the use of HVC and standard tibial tray...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509902/a-latent-genetic-subtype-of-major-depression-identified-by-whole-exome-genotyping-data-in-a-mexican-american-cohort
#16
C Yu, M Arcos-Burgos, J Licinio, M-L Wong
Identifying data-driven subtypes of major depressive disorder (MDD) is an important topic of psychiatric research. Currently, MDD subtypes are based on clinically defined depression symptom patterns. Although a few data-driven attempts have been made to identify more homogenous subgroups within MDD, other studies have not focused on using human genetic data for MDD subtyping. Here we used a computational strategy to identify MDD subtypes based on single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping data from MDD cases and controls using Hamming distance and cluster analysis...
May 16, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507926/decrease-of-alpha-fetoprotein-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-treated-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#17
Kelvin Nguyen, Melissa Jimenez, Nima Moghadam, Crystal Wu, Alex Farid, Jonathan Grotts, David Elashoff, Gina Choi, Francisco A Durazo, Mohamed M El-Kabany, Steven-Huy B Han, Sammy Saab
Background and Aims: The lack of specificity has limited the role of serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening among patients with cirrhosis related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We sought to examine whether AFP may decrease after achieving a sustained virological response (SVR) in patients with HCV-related cirrhosis. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of patients with HCV-related cirrhosis who were cured with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy at the University of California, Los Angeles...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504255/energy-efficiency-to-reduce-residential-electricity-and-natural-gas-use-under-climate-change
#18
Janet L Reyna, Mikhail V Chester
Climate change could significantly affect consumer demand for energy in buildings, as changing temperatures may alter heating and cooling loads. Warming climates could also lead to the increased adoption and use of cooling technologies in buildings. We assess residential electricity and natural gas demand in Los Angeles, California under multiple climate change projections and investigate the potential for energy efficiency to offset increased demand. We calibrate residential energy use against metered data, accounting for differences in building materials and appliances...
May 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504040/facebook-addiction-and-loneliness-in-the-post-graduate-students-of-a-university-in-southern-india
#19
Manoj Shettar, Ravichandra Karkal, Anil Kakunje, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Vv Mohan Chandran
BACKGROUND: Facebook is a social networking site (SNS) for communication, entertainment and information exchange. Recent research has shown that excessive use of Facebook can result in addictive behavior in some individuals. AIM: To assess the patterns of Facebook use in post-graduate students of Yenepoya University and evaluate its association with loneliness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done to evaluate 100 post-graduate students of Yenepoya University using Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) and University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness scale version 3...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502925/therapeutic-response-to-twice-daily-rabeprazole-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-symptoms-in-patients-with-refractory-reflux-esophagitis-a-multicenter-observational-study
#20
Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Michio Hongo, Motoyasu Kusano, Yoshinori Furuhata, Hideaki Miyagishi, Satoshi Ikeuchi
Objective To investigate the effect of twice-daily rabeprazole doses on health-related quality of life in refractory patients. Methods and Patients Reflux esophagitis patients with an insufficient response to once-daily proton pump inhibitor therapy (Los Angeles Classification grade A-D) received rabeprazole 10 mg or 20 mg twice daily for 8 weeks. The health-related quality of life (SF-8™) and symptoms, using the Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease, were evaluated before treatment and at weeks 4 and 8...
2017: Internal Medicine
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