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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778285/subcutaneous-tissue-metastasis-from-glioblastoma-multiforme-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Natalia Frade Porto, Juan Delgado Fernández, María de Los Ángeles García Pallero, Juan Ramón Penanes Cuesta, Paloma Pulido Rivas, Ricardo Gil Simoes
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common primary brain tumor, despite an aggressive clinical course, less than 2% of patients develop extraneural metastasis. We present a 72-year-old male diagnosed with a right temporal glioblastoma due to headache. He underwent total gross resection surgery and after that the patient was treated with adyuvant therapy. Five months after the patient returned with trigeminal neuralgia, and MRI showed an infratemporal cranial mass which infiltrates masticator space, the surrounding bone, the temporal muscle and superior cervical and parotid lymph nodes...
May 16, 2018: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777049/prospective-study-of-coffee-consumption-and-cancer-incidence-in-non-white-populations
#2
Song-Yi Park, Neal D Freedman, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Coffee intake has been associated with risk of cancers, but the findings, mostly from studies in white populations, are inconsistent. We examined the association of coffee consumption with overall cancer incidence and specific cancer sites in a prospective study of African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos and whites. METHODS: 167,720 participants of the Multiethnic Cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles were included. Baseline coffee intake was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire...
May 18, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773277/-thicker-polyethylene-bearings-are-not-associated-with-higher-failure-rates-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Nicholas J Greco, David A Crawford, Keith R Berend, Joanne B Adams, Adolph V Lombardi
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in polyethylene bearing surface properties, only 1 previous study has examined the results of larger thickness bearings. The purpose of this study was to determine whether polyethylene thickness influenced patient outcomes and implant survival following modular total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty from 2003 to 2014 in a single practice database...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769141/single-coracoclavicular-suture-fixation-with-mersilene-tape-versus-hook-plate-in-the-treatment-of-acute-type-v-acromioclavicular-dislocation-a-retrospective-analysis
#4
Ying-Cheng Huang, Shan-Wei Yang, Chun-Yu Chen, Kai-Cheng Lin, Jenn-Huei Renn
BACKGROUND: Here, we compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes between coracoclavicular (CC) fixation with Mersilene tape and hook plate for acute unstable acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation treatment. METHODS: We enrolled 49 patients with unstable acute AC dislocation who, between January 2010 and January 2014, underwent surgery with single CC suture fixation with Mersilene tape (M group, 25 cases) or clavicle hook plate (H group, 24 cases). In M and H groups, the average age was 43...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768079/the-spectrum-of-surgical-remediation-of-transoral-incisionless-fundoplication-related-failures
#5
Ruchir Puri, C Daniel Smith, Steven P Bowers
AIM: To evaluate outcomes of surgical remediation for symptomatic or anatomic failure after a transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF). METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 11 patients who underwent a remedial operation following TIF failure between June 2011 and September 2016 at the Mayo Clinic in Florida for persistent foregut symptoms. Upper gastrointestinal workup characterized 1 patient as having normal post-TIF anatomy and 10 as having anatomic failure...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768076/depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-impact-of-gender-and-latino-culture
#6
Anamara Ritt-Olson, Kimberly Miller, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, David Freyer, Cynthia Ramirez, Ann Hamilton, Joel Milam
Ethnic and sex variations in depressive symptoms and quality of life (QOL) among adolescent and young adult (AYA) childhood cancer survivors were explored among a sample of Latino and non-Latino childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) (n = 194) treated at hospitals in Los Angeles County. Latinos scored higher in depressive symptoms and lower in QOL when compared with non-Latinos. Males had higher depressive symptoms. Among Latinos, higher levels of acculturation were associated with depression and a poorer QOL, and we found that more acculturated Latino males were more likely to have meaningful levels of depression than less acculturated males or females...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#7
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757693/a-rotator-cuff-tear-concomitant-with-shoulder-stiffness-is-associated-with-a-lower-retear-rate-after-1-stage-arthroscopic-surgery
#8
In-Bo Kim, Dong-Wook Jung
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on the radiological characteristics and repair integrity of coexistent rotator cuff tears (RCTs) and shoulder stiffness after simultaneous arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and capsular release. PURPOSE: To evaluate the radiological characteristics and repair integrity of 1-stage arthroscopic surgery of RCTs concomitant with shoulder stiffness. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Among patients who underwent arthroscopic repair of full-thickness RCTs, the stiff group underwent simultaneous capsular release for shoulder stiffness, and the nonstiff group had no stiffness...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756973/-clinical-and-economic-implications-of-disease-related-malnutrition-in-a-surgical-service
#9
Beatriz Torres Torres, María D Ballesteros Pomar, Susana García Calvo, Maria Ángeles Castro Lozano, Beatriz De la Fuente Salvador, Olatz Izaola Jaúregui, Juan José López Gómez, Emilia Gómez Hoyos, Carlos Vaquero Puertas, Daniel A De Luis Román
INTRODUCTION: disease-related malnutrition (DRM) is currently a major challenge in our hospitals, both because of its high prevalence and because of the clinical and economic impact. Our study aims to assess the feasibility and importance of establishing a nutritional screening strategy in our Health Care System. PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a prospective study carried out in a Surgery Ward. The nutritional risk was assessed by applying to patients MUST at admission and weekly until discharge...
February 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756487/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-loneliness-and-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Dilek Kusaslan Avci
Objective The emotional status of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is important in the course of treatment. The present study aimed to determine the level of loneliness among patients with DM and to evaluate the relationship between the patients' level of loneliness and medication adherence. Method This cross-sectional study used a semi-structured questionnaire and the University of California, Los Angeles Loneliness Scale to collect data from 325 patients who were diagnosed with DM. Results We found that loneliness scores were significantly elevated in individuals with a low level of education, unmarried individuals, and students...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753353/cost-effectiveness-of-a-technology-facilitated-depression-care-management-adoption-model-in-safety-net-primary-care-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Joel W Hay, Pey-Jiuan Lee, Haomiao Jin, Jeffrey J Guterman, Sandra Gross-Schulman, Kathleen Ell, Shinyi Wu
BACKGROUND: The Diabetes-Depression Care-Management Adoption Trial is a translational study of safety-net primary care predominantly Hispanic/Latino patients with type 2 diabetes in collaboration with the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of an information and communication technology (ICT)-facilitated depression care management program. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness of the ICT-facilitated care (TC) delivery model was evaluated relative to a usual care (UC) and a supported care (SC) model...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752189/portion-sizes-from-24-hour-dietary-recalls-differed-by-sex-among-those-who-selected-the-same-portion-size-category-on-a-food-frequency-questionnaire
#12
Minji Kang, Song-Yi Park, Carol J Boushey, Lynne R Wilkens, Kristine R Monroe, Loïc Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Suzanne P Murphy, Hee-Young Paik
BACKGROUND: Accounting for sex differences in food portions may improve dietary measurement; however, this factor has not been well examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine sex differences in reported food portions from 24-hour dietary recalls (24HDRs) among those who selected the same portion size category on a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ). DESIGN: This study was conducted with a cross-sectional design...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746859/long-term-continence-outcomes-in-men-undergoing-radical-prostatectomy-a-prospective-15-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Alex J Xu, Glen B Taksler, Elton Llukani, Herbert Lepor
PURPOSE: To examine the time dependent rates of urinary continence (UC) following open retropubic radical prostatectomy (ORRP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1,995 men undergoing RP were enrolled in a prospective, longitudinal outcomes study. The University of California, Los Angeles-Prostate Cancer Index Urinary Function Index (UCLA-PCI-UFS) was administered at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 24, 96, 120, and 180 months post-ORRP. Urinary continence was defined by <1 pad in 24 hours...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741920/trends-in-socioeconomic-disparities-in-obesity-prevalence-among-low-income-children-aged-2-4-years-in-los-angeles-county-2003-2014
#14
Tabashir Z Nobari, Shannon E Whaley, Michael L Prelip, Catherine M Crespi, May C Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence among low-income preschool-aged children in the United States decreased between 2010 and 2014. However, this decreasing trend may be varied across socioeconomic subgroups. This study examined trends in obesity prevalence among low-income children from 2003 to 2014 by child's age and household and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: This study used administrative data for all children, aged 2-4 years, participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Los Angeles County (LAC) during the years 2003-2014...
May 9, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738508/factors-associated-with-immunization-opinion-leadership-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-los-angeles-california
#15
Ian W Holloway, Robert Bednarczyk, Vincent L Fenimore, Cameron Goldbeck, Elizabeth Wu, Rebecca Himmelstein, Diane Tan, Laura Randall, Chelsea S Lutz, Paula M Frew
We sought to identify the characteristics of men who have sex with men (MSM) who are opinion leaders on immunization issues and to identify potential opportunities to leverage their influence for vaccine promotion within MSM communities. Using venue-based sampling, we recruited and enrolled MSM living in Los Angeles ( N = 520) from December 2016 to February 2017 and evaluated characteristic differences in sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviors, and technology use among those classified as opinion leaders versus those who were not...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738432/neuroimmunology-research-a-report-from-the-cuban-network-of-neuroimmunology
#16
María de Los Angeles Robinson-Agramonte, Lourdes Lorigados Pedre, Orlando Ramón Serrano-Barrera
Neuroimmunology can be traced back to the XIX century through the descriptions of some of the disease&rsquo;s models (e.g., multiple sclerosis and Guillain Barret syndrome, amongst others). The diagnostic tools are based in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis developed by Quincke or in the development of neuroimmunotherapy with the earlier expression in Pasteur&rsquo;s vaccine for rabies. Nevertheless, this field, which began to become delineated as an independent research area in the 1940s, has evolved as an innovative and integrative field at the shared edges of neurosciences, immunology, and related clinical and research areas, which are currently becoming a major concern for neuroscience and indeed for all of the scientific community linked to it...
May 8, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737797/thalassemia-and-other-hemoglobinopathies-among-anemic-individuals-in-metro-manila-philippines-and-their-intake-of-iron-supplements
#17
Mario V Capanzana, Ma Angelina L Mirasol, Geoffry Smith, Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa, Leah Perlas, Francisco de Los Reyes, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia worldwide. In Southeast Asia, studies showed that genetic hemoglobin disorders also contribute significantly to the burden of anemia. The study aimed to estimate the proportion of thalassemia and other hemoglobinopathies versus iron deficiency and other causes in a sample of anemic individuals; describe the characteristics of thalassemic subjects in terms of severity of anemia, adequacy of iron stores, and hematological profile; examine the intake of iron supplements among individuals with varying causes of anemia...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737583/changes-in-deciduous-and-permanent-dentinal-tubules-diameter-after-several-conditioning-protocols-in-vitro-study
#18
María de Los Angeles Moyaho-Bernal, Rosalía Contreras-Bulnes, Laura Emma Rodríguez-Vilchis, Efraín Rubio-Rosas
Innovators conditioning protocols are emerged in permanent dentin, however for deciduous dentin the information is limited; the aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro diameter of deciduous and permanent dentinal tubules after several conditioning protocols. Eighty dentin samples were distributed in sixteen groups (n = 5 p/g) and dentin surface was conditioned as follow: G1D/G1P acid etching; G2D/G2P, self-etch adhesive; G3D/G3P, G4D/G4P, Er: YAG laser irradiation at 200 mJ-25.5 J/cm2 and 300 mJ-38.2 J/cm2 , at 10 Hz under water spray respectively; G5D/G5P, G6D/G6P, G7D/G7P, and G8D/G8P were irradiated under the same energy densities followed phosphoric acid or self-etch adhesive conditioning...
May 8, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736194/thyroid-associated-orbitopathy-and-biomarkers-where-we-are-and-what-we-can-hope-for-the-future
#19
REVIEW
Natacha Turck, Simone Eperon, Maria De Los Angeles Gracia, Aurélie Obéric, Mehrad Hamédani
Background: Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) is the most common autoimmune disease of the orbit. It occurs more often in patients presenting with hyperthyroidism, characteristic of Graves' disease, but may be associated with hypothyroidism or euthyroidism. The diagnosis of TAO is based on clinical orbital features, radiological criteria, and the potential association with thyroid disease. To date, there is no specific marker of the orbital disease, making the early diagnosis difficult, especially if the orbital involvement precedes the thyroid dysfunction...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736036/exfoliation-of-a-non-van-der-waals-material-from-iron-ore-hematite
#20
Aravind Puthirath Balan, Sruthi Radhakrishnan, Cristiano F Woellner, Shyam K Sinha, Liangzi Deng, Carlos de Los Reyes, Banki Manmadha Rao, Maggie Paulose, Ram Neupane, Amey Apte, Vidya Kochat, Robert Vajtai, Avetik R Harutyunyan, Ching-Wu Chu, Gelu Costin, Douglas S Galvao, Angel A Martí, Peter A van Aken, Oomman K Varghese, Chandra Sekhar Tiwary, Anantharaman Malie Madom Ramaswamy Iyer, Pulickel M Ajayan
With the advent of graphene, the most studied of all two-dimensional materials, many inorganic analogues have been synthesized and are being exploited for novel applications. Several approaches have been used to obtain large-grain, high-quality materials. Naturally occurring ores, for example, are the best precursors for obtaining highly ordered and large-grain atomic layers by exfoliation. Here, we demonstrate a new two-dimensional material 'hematene' obtained from natural iron ore hematite (α-Fe2 O3 ), which is isolated by means of liquid exfoliation...
May 7, 2018: Nature Nanotechnology
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