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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100142/reduction-in-jail-emergency-department-visits-and-closure-after-implementation-of-on-site-urgent-care
#1
Erick Eiting, Carrie S Korn, Erin Wilkes, Glenn Ault, Sean O Henderson
This descriptive study evaluates the impact of implementation of full service on-site urgent care services at the Los Angeles County Jail (LACJ) by examining the number of patients seen at the referral hospital, Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center (LAC+USC), and the number of hours that the referral hospital was closed to transfers in the periods before and after the development of the LACJ Urgent Care. The appropriate utilization of public resources is a critical priority for an overburdened county medical health care system...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098707/descriptive-epidemiology-of-acetabular-dysplasia-the-academic-network-of-conservational-hip-outcomes-research-anchor-periacetabular-osteotomy
#2
Wudbhav N Sankar, Stephen T Duncan, Geneva R Baca, Paul E Beaulé, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Christopher L Peters, David A Podeszwa, Perry L Schoenecker, Rafael J Sierra, Ernest L Sink, Daniel J Sucato, Robert T Trousdale, Ira Zaltz, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an established treatment for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia, which is a well-recognized cause of hip pain, functional limitations, and secondary osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographics of patients undergoing PAO, the baseline patient-reported outcome measures for this population, and the types of adjunctive procedures performed at the time of PAO surgery. METHODS: Demographics, disease characteristics, and patient-reported functional measures were prospectively collected from all patients who underwent PAO performed by 12 surgeons from 2008 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097095/limited-knowledge-of-acetaminophen-in-patients-with-liver-disease
#3
Sammy Saab, Peter G Konyn, Matthew R Viramontes, Melissa A Jimenez, Jonathan F Grotts, Wally Hamidzadah, Veronica P Dang, Negin L Esmailzadeh, Gina Choi, Francisco A Durazo, Mohamed M El-Kabany, Steven-Huy B Han, Myron J Tong
Background and Aims: Unintentional acetaminophen overdose remains the leading cause of acute liver failure in the United States. Patients with underlying liver disease are at higher risk of poor outcomes from acetaminophen overdose. Limited knowledge of acetaminophen may be a preventable contributor to elevated rates of overdose and thus acute liver failure. The purpose of this study is to assess knowledge of acetaminophen dosing and presence of acetaminophen in common combination products in patients with liver disease...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095787/the-effects-of-habitual-functional-training-on-physical-functioning-in-patients-after-hip-fracture-the-protocol-of-the-hipfrac-study
#4
Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg, Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: The survivors after hip fracture often report severe pain and loss of physical functioning. The poor outcomes cause negative impact on the person's physical functioning and quality of life and put a financial burden on society. Rehabilitation is important to improve physical functioning after hip fracture. To maintain the continuity in rehabilitation we have an assumption that it is of utmost importance to continue and progress the functional training that already started at the hospital, while the patients are transferred to short-term stays in a nursing home before they are returning to home...
January 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089557/lower-total-and-regional-grey-matter-brain-volumes-in-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infection-associations-with-hiv-disease-severity-substance-use-and-cognition
#5
C Paula Lewis-De Los Angeles, Paige L Williams, Yanling Huo, Shirlene D Wang, Kristina A Uban, Megan M Herting, Kathleen Malee, Ram Yogev, John G Csernansky, Sharon Nichols, Russell B Van Dyke, Elizabeth R Sowell, Lei Wang
Despite improved survival due to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), youth with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) show cognitive deficits and developmental delay at increased rates. HIV affects the brain during critical periods of development, and the brain may be a persistent reservoir for HIV due to suboptimal blood brain barrier penetration of cART. We conducted structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) and cognitive testing in 40 PHIV youth (mean age=16.7 years) recruited from the NIH Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS) who are part of the first generation of PHIV youth surviving into adulthood...
January 9, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088219/the-unhealthy-food-environment-does-not-modify-the-association-between-obesity-and-participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-in-los-angeles-county
#6
M Pia Chaparro, Gail G Harrison, May C Wang, Edmund Y W Seto, Anne R Pebley
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but not much is known about the mechanisms behind this association. The objective of this study was to determine if the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets modifies the association between obesity and participation in SNAP. METHODS: Data comes from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; included are a subsample of adults (18+ years) who were SNAP participants or eligible non-participants (N = 1,176)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087807/field-validation-of-the-los-angeles-motor-scale-as-a-tool-for-paramedic-assessment-of-stroke-severity
#7
Joon-Tae Kim, Pil-Wook Chung, Sidney Starkman, Nerses Sanossian, Samuel J Stratton, Marc Eckstein, Frank D Pratt, Robin Conwit, David S Liebeskind, Latisha Sharma, Lucas Restrepo, May-Kim Tenser, Miguel Valdes-Sueiras, Jeffrey Gornbein, Scott Hamilton, Jeffrey L Saver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Los Angeles Motor Scale (LAMS) is a 3-item, 0- to 10-point motor stroke-deficit scale developed for prehospital use. We assessed the convergent, divergent, and predictive validity of the LAMS when performed by paramedics in the field at multiple sites in a large and diverse geographic region. METHODS: We analyzed early assessment and outcome data prospectively gathered in the FAST-MAG trial (Field Administration of Stroke Therapy-Magnesium phase 3) among patients with acute cerebrovascular disease (cerebral ischemia and intracranial hemorrhage) within 2 hours of onset, transported by 315 ambulances to 60 receiving hospitals...
January 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#8
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078458/superiority-of-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-hand-sewn-esophagogastrostomy-over-total-gastrectomy-in-improving-postoperative-body-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life
#9
Tatsuto Nishigori, Hiroshi Okabe, Shigeru Tsunoda, Hisashi Shinohara, Kazutaka Obama, Hisahiro Hosogi, Shigeo Hisamori, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Proximal gastrectomy is not widely performed because the procedure is complicated, particularly under laparoscopy. We developed a simple laparoscopic technique of hand-sewn esophagogastrostomy with an anti-reflux mechanism. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the postoperative body weight loss (BWL) and quality of life (QOL) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) in patients with upper gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with stage I upper gastric cancer undergoing LPG or LTG at Kyoto University Hospital between March 2006 and June 2014...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078449/social-media-responses-to-heat-waves
#10
Jihoon Jung, Christopher K Uejio
Social network services (SNSs) may benefit public health by augmenting surveillance and distributing information to the public. In this study, we collected Twitter data focusing on six different heat-related themes (air conditioning, cooling center, dehydration, electrical outage, energy assistance, and heat) for 182 days from May 7 to November 3, 2014. First, exploratory linear regression associated outdoor heat exposure to the theme-specific tweet counts for five study cities (Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, Houston, and Atlanta)...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077520/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-anti-hev-igg-carryinfing-patients-after-successful-hcv-treatment-reactivation-or-reinfection
#11
Antonio Rivero-Juarez, Mario Frias, Pedro Lopez-Lopez, María de Los Angeles Risalde, Teresa Brieva, Isabel Machuca, Angela Camacho, Antonio Martinez-Peinado, Jose Carlos Gomez-Villamandos, Antonio Rivero
Although Hepatitis E (HEV) is regarded asa self-limiting infection and anti-HEV antibodies seem toprotect against reinfection, its pathogenesis is not well established. We describe two cases of acute symptomatic HEV infection after Hepatitis C therapy in patients carrying anti-HEV IgG antibodies raising two major questions: reactivation or reinfection?
January 11, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076344/qualitative-aspects-of-the-process-of-neonatal-hearing-screening-program-in-mexico-evaluated-from-the-parental-perspective
#12
Maria Del Consuelo Martínez Wbaldo, María de Los Ángeles Torres Lagunas
INTRODUCTION: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program in Mexico began in 2010. Its results, published in 2013 by the National Council for the Development and Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (CONADIS), report low coverage and, currently, there is a dearth of information about its activities. This study describes the process of the program from the epistemological perspective of women whose children participated in the program, evaluating it under the sustenance of the constructivist-respondent model in search of aspects that could help explain its results...
December 12, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075039/using-dna-barcoding-to-track-seafood-mislabeling-in-los-angeles-restaurants
#13
Demian A Willette, Sara E Simmonds, Samantha H Cheng, Sofia Esteves, Tonya L Kane, Hayley Nuetzel, Nicholas Pilaud, Rita Rachmawati, Paul H Barber
Seafood mislabeling is common in both domestic and international markets. Previous studies on seafood fraud often report high rates of mislabeling (e.g. >70%), but these studies have been limited to a single sampling year, making it difficult to assess the impact of stricter governmental truth-in-labeling regulations. This study uses DNA barcoding to assess seafood mislabeling in Los Angeles over a four-year period. Sushi restaurants had a consistently high percentage of mislabeling (47%) from 2012 to 2015, yet mislabeling was not homogenous across species...
January 11, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074306/second-and-thirdhand-smoke-exposure-attitudes-and-protective-practices-results-from-a-survey-of-hispanic-residents-in-multi-unit-housing
#14
Angelica Delgado-Rendon, Tess Boley Cruz, Daniel Soto, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger
Secondhand and third hand smoke (SHS, THS) exposure is prevalent in multi-unit housing (MUH). Minorities and low-income MUH residents are disproportionally exposed to SHS and THS compared to other populations. This study describes the characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to SHS, THS and marijuana smoke exposure (MSHS) of a sample of Hispanic tenants in randomly selected MUH units in eastern metro Los Angeles (n = 402). Although most participants (97%) banned smoking inside their homes, 80% reported infiltration of SHS inside their apartments within the last year...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073737/using-real-time-social-media-technologies-to-monitor-levels-of-perceived-stress-and-emotional-state-in-college-students-a-web-based-questionnaire-study
#15
Sam Liu, Miaoqi Zhu, Dong Jin Yu, Alexander Rasin, Sean D Young
BACKGROUND: College can be stressful for many freshmen as they cope with a variety of stressors. Excess stress can negatively affect both psychological and physical health. Thus, there is a need to find innovative and cost-effective strategies to help identify students experiencing high levels of stress to receive appropriate treatment. Social media use has been rapidly growing, and recent studies have reported that data from these technologies can be used for public health surveillance...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069099/can-latino-food-trucks-loncheras-serve-healthy-meals-a-feasibility-study
#16
Deborah A Cohen, Ben Colaiaco, Mary Martinez-Wenzl, Monica Montes, Bing Han, Sandy H Berry
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to assess the feasibility of modifying food truck meals to meet the My Plate guidelines as well as the acceptability of healthier meals among consumers. DESIGN: We recruited the owners of Latino food trucks (loncheras) in 2013-2014 and offered an incentive for participation, assistance with marketing and training by a bilingual dietitian. We surveyed customers and we audited purchases to estimate sales of the modified meals. SETTING: City of Los Angeles, CA, USA...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068211/cost-analysis-of-measles-in-refugees-arriving-at-los-angeles-international-airport-from-malaysia
#17
Margaret S Coleman, Heather M Burke, Bethany L Welstead, Tarissa Mitchell, Eboni M Taylor, Dmitry Shapovalov, Brian A Maskery, Heesoo Joo, Michelle Weinberg
Background On August 24, 2011, 31 U.S.-bound refugees from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (KL) arrived in Los Angeles. One of them was diagnosed with measles post-arrival. He exposed others during a flight, and persons in the community while disembarking and seeking medical care. As a result, nine cases of measles were identified. Methods We estimated costs of response to this outbreak and conducted a comparative cost analysis examining what might have happened had all U.S.-bound refugees been vaccinated before leaving Malaysia...
January 9, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066820/hiv-care-providers-attitudes-regarding-mobile-phone-applications-and-web-based-dashboards-to-support-patient-self-management-and-care-coordination-results-from-a-qualitative-feasibility-study
#18
Dallas Swendeman, Shu Farmer, Deborah Mindry, Sung-Jae Lee, Melissa Medich
In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with healthcare providers (HCPs) from five HIV medical care coordination teams in a large Los Angeles County HIV clinic, including physicians, nurses, and psychosocial services providers. HCPs reported on the potential utility, acceptability, and barriers for patient self-monitoring and notifications via mobile phones, and web-based dashboards for HCPs. Potential benefits included: 1) enhancing patient engagement, motivation, adherence, and self-management; and 2) improving provider-patient relationships and HCP care coordination...
October 2016: Journal of HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062692/urban-sustainability-in-an-age-of-enduring-inequalities-advancing-theory-and-ecometrics-for-the-21st-century-city
#19
Robert J Sampson
The environmental fragility of cities under advanced urbanization has motivated extensive efforts to promote the sustainability of urban ecosystems and physical infrastructures. Less attention has been devoted to neighborhood inequalities and fissures in the civic infrastructure that potentially challenge social sustainability and the capacity of cities to collectively address environmental challenges. This article draws on a program of research in three American cities-Boston, Chicago, and Los Angeles-to develop hypotheses and methodological strategies for assessing how the multidimensional and multilevel inequalities that characterize contemporary cities bear on sustainability...
January 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061819/association-between-a-syndemic-of-psychosocial-problems-and-unprotected-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china
#20
Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Mengmeng Jia, Ajuan Liang, Dong Yuan, Zhe Sun, Feng Gan, Yichen Wang, Yong Cai, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the overlapping and reinforcing effects (defined as a syndemic) of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study aimed to apply the syndemic theory to verify the reinforcing effects of psychosocial problems on unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among MSM in Shanghai, and determine if other important psychosocial factors fit into the syndemic theory. METHODS: Data were collected from 547 MSM in Shanghai, China, through face-to-face interviews...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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