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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101605/surviving-sepsis-campaign-international-guidelines-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-2016
#1
Andrew Rhodes, Laura E Evans, Waleed Alhazzani, Mitchell M Levy, Massimo Antonelli, Ricard Ferrer, Anand Kumar, Jonathan E Sevransky, Charles L Sprung, Mark E Nunnally, Bram Rochwerg, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Djillali Annane, Richard J Beale, Geoffrey J Bellinghan, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig Coopersmith, Daniel P De Backer, Craig J French, Seitaro Fujishima, Herwig Gerlach, Jorge Luis Hidalgo, Steven M Hollenberg, Alan E Jones, Dilip R Karnad, Ruth M Kleinpell, Younsuk Koh, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Flavia R Machado, John J Marini, John C Marshall, John E Mazuski, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Anthony S McLean, Sangeeta Mehta, Rui P Moreno, John Myburgh, Paolo Navalesi, Osamu Nishida, Tiffany M Osborn, Anders Perner, Colleen M Plunkett, Marco Ranieri, Christa A Schorr, Maureen A Seckel, Christopher W Seymour, Lisa Shieh, Khalid A Shukri, Steven Q Simpson, Mervyn Singer, B Taylor Thompson, Sean R Townsend, Thomas Van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, W Joost Wiersinga, Janice L Zimmerman, R Phillip Dellinger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012". DESIGN: A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. A stand-alone meeting was held for all panel members in December 2015...
January 18, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101604/a-users-guide-to-the-2016-surviving-sepsis-guidelines
#2
EDITORIAL
R Phillip Dellinger, Christa A Schorr, Mitchell M Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099222/a-users-guide-to-the-2016-surviving-sepsis-guidelines
#3
R Phillip Dellinger, Christa A Schorr, Mitchell M Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098591/surviving-sepsis-campaign-international-guidelines-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-2016
#4
Andrew Rhodes, Laura E Evans, Waleed Alhazzani, Mitchell M Levy, Massimo Antonelli, Ricard Ferrer, Anand Kumar, Jonathan E Sevransky, Charles L Sprung, Mark E Nunnally, Bram Rochwerg, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Djillali Annane, Richard J Beale, Geoffrey J Bellinghan, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig Coopersmith, Daniel P De Backer, Craig J French, Seitaro Fujishima, Herwig Gerlach, Jorge Luis Hidalgo, Steven M Hollenberg, Alan E Jones, Dilip R Karnad, Ruth M Kleinpell, Younsuk Koh, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Flavia R Machado, John J Marini, John C Marshall, John E Mazuski, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Anthony S McLean, Sangeeta Mehta, Rui P Moreno, John Myburgh, Paolo Navalesi, Osamu Nishida, Tiffany M Osborn, Anders Perner, Colleen M Plunkett, Marco Ranieri, Christa A Schorr, Maureen A Seckel, Christopher W Seymour, Lisa Shieh, Khalid A Shukri, Steven Q Simpson, Mervyn Singer, B Taylor Thompson, Sean R Townsend, Thomas Van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, W Joost Wiersinga, Janice L Zimmerman, R Phillip Dellinger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012." DESIGN: A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. A stand-alone meeting was held for all panel members in December 2015...
January 17, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097012/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-antibiotics-in-critically-ill-acute-kidney-injury-patients
#5
REVIEW
Welder Zamoner, Fernanda M de Freitas, Durval S S Garms, Mariele Gobo de Oliveira, André L Balbi, Daniela Ponce
Sepsis is the most common cause of death in critically ill patients and is associated with multiorgan failure, including acute kidney injury (AKI). This situation can require acute renal support and increase mortality. Therefore, it is essential to administer antimicrobials in doses that achieve adequate serum levels, avoiding both overdosing and drug toxicity as well as underdosing and the risk of antibiotic resistance and higher mortality. Currently, there are no validated guidelines on antibiotic dose adjustments in septic patients with AKI...
December 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093134/management-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-expert-review-from-the-clinical-practice-updates-committee-of-the-aga-institute
#6
REVIEW
Sahil Khanna, Andrea Shin, Ciarán P Kelly
The purpose of this expert review is to synthesize the existing evidence on the management of Clostridium difficile infection in patients with underlying inflammatory bowel disease. The evidence reviewed in this article is a summation of relevant scientific publications, expert opinion statements, and current practice guidelines. This review is a summary of expert opinion in the field without a formal systematic review of evidence. Best Practice Advice 1: Clinicians should test patients who present with a flare of underlying inflammatory bowel disease for Clostridium difficile infection...
February 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078833/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-patients-with-severe-sepsis-treated-in-an-intensive-care-unit-in-india
#7
T T Paary, M S Kalaiselvan, M K Renuka, A S Arunkumar
Introduction: Sepsis is the leading cause of intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and is associated with high mortality. Objectives: To identify the incidence, risk factors and outcome of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Methods: A prospective observational study was done in a multidisciplinary ICU over a period of 18 months. We included all adult patients admitted to ICU with features of severe sepsis and septic shock as per SCCM/ACCP guidelines...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071865/the-impact-of-evidence-based-sepsis-guidelines-on-emergency-department-clinical-practice-a-pre-post-medical-record-audit
#8
Bernadine Romero, Margaret Fry, Michael Roche
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the number of patients presenting with sepsis before and after guideline implementation; the impact of sepsis guidelines on triage assessment, Emergency Department management and time to antibiotics. BACKGROUND: Sepsis remains one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity within hospitals. Globally, strategies have been implemented to reduce morbidity and mortality rates, which rely on the early recognition and management of sepsis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068437/association-between-early-lactate-levels-and-30-day-mortality-in-clinically-suspected-sepsis-in-children
#9
Halden F Scott, Lina Brou, Sara J Deakyne, Allison Kempe, Diane L Fairclough, Lalit Bajaj
Importance: Improving emergency care of pediatric sepsis is a public health priority, but optimal early diagnostic approaches are unclear. Measurement of lactate levels is associated with improved outcomes in adult septic shock, but pediatric guidelines do not endorse its use, in part because the association between early lactate levels and mortality is unknown in pediatric sepsis. Objective: To determine whether the initial serum lactate level is associated with 30-day mortality in children with suspected sepsis...
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029501/declining-mortality-due-to-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-spanish-intensive-care-units-a-two-cohort-study-in-2005-and-2011
#10
B Sánchez, R Ferrer, D Suarez, E Romay, E Piacentini, G Gomà, M L Martínez, A Artigas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the evolution of sepsis-related mortality in Spanish Intensive Care Units (ICUs) following introduction of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines and the relationship with sepsis process-of-care. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was carried out, with the inclusion of all consecutive patients presenting severe sepsis or septic shock admitted to 41 Spanish ICUs during two time periods: 2005 (Edusepsis study pre-intervention group) and 2011 (ABISS-Edusepsis study pre-intervention group)...
October 28, 2016: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024556/current-and-future-status-of-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#11
REVIEW
Rohit K Singal, Deepa Singal, Joseph Bednarczyk, Yoan Lamarche, Gurmeet Singh, Vivek Rao, Hussein D Kanji, Rakesh C Arora, Rizwan A Manji, Eddy Fan, A Dave Nagpal
Numerous series, propensity-matched trials, and meta-analyses suggest that appropriate use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) for in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) can be lifesaving. Even with an antecedent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) duration in excess of 45 minutes, 30-day survival with favourable neurologic outcome using E-CPR is approximately 35%-45%. Survival may be related to age, duration of CPR, or etiology. Associated complications include sepsis, renal failure, limb and neurologic complications, hemorrhage, and thrombosis...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005063/impact-of-neonatal-early-onset-sepsis-calculator-on-antibiotic-use-within-two-tertiary-healthcare-centers
#12
S Warren, M Garcia, C Hankins
OBJECTIVE: A recently described neonatal early-onset sepsis (EOS) calculator has the potential to reduce newborn antibiotic exposure but real world data from its use remains sparse. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of applying the calculator to infants treated for EOS. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of infants ⩾34 weeks gestational age who received antibiotics at birth. Subjects were compared according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 2010 guideline criteria versus the Kaiser Permanente neonatal EOS calculator recommendations...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993157/early-phase-cumulative-hypotension-duration-and-severe-stage-progression-in-oliguric-acute-kidney-injury-with-and-without-sepsis-an-observational-study
#13
Junichi Izawa, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Taku Iwami, Shigehiko Uchino, Masanori Takinami, John A Kellum, Takashi Kawamura
BACKGROUND: Managing blood pressure in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) could effectively prevent severe-stage progression. However, the effect of hypotension duration in the early phase of AKI remains poorly understood. This study investigated the association between early-phase cumulative duration of hypotension below threshold mean arterial pressure (MAP) and severe-stage progression of oliguric AKI in critically ill patients, and assessed the difference in association with presence of sepsis...
December 19, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987032/zero-hospital-admissions-for-infection-after-577-transperineal-prostate-biopsies-using-single-dose-cephazolin-prophylaxis
#14
Lana Pepdjonovic, Guan Hee Tan, Sean Huang, Sarah Mann, Mark Frydenberg, Daniel Moon, Uri Hanegbi, Adam Landau, Ross Snow, Jeremy Grummet
PURPOSE: To determine the rate of hospital admissions for infection after transperineal biopsy of prostate (TPB) with single-dose cephazolin prophylaxis using a prospective database. METHOD: Between April 2013 and February 2016, 577 patients undergoing TPB had 2 g of cephazolin given intravenously at induction of anaesthesia. Data collected from these patients included age, PSA, prostate volume, number of cores taken and post-operative complications. RESULTS: No patients were readmitted to hospital with infection post-TPB...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981776/lyme-disease-why-the-controversy
#15
M H Beaman
Some Australians have become convinced of the existence of locally acquired Lyme disease (LD). The history of LD, since its recognition in the early 1970s, is reviewed as a model for investigative approaches to unknown syndromes. Australian Management Guidelines for LD include the requirement for diagnostic testing by National Association of Testing Authorities-accredited laboratories using Therapeutic Goods Administration-licensed tests, which result in the efficient diagnosis of LD in overseas travellers...
December 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960200/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-gene-association-studies-in-neonatal-sepsis
#16
Lakshmi Srinivasan, Daniel T Swarr, Megha Sharma, C Michael Cotten, Haresh Kirpalani
Background Association studies of various gene variants in neonatal sepsis show conflicting results. Objective We performed a systematic review of candidate gene association studies in neonatal sepsis to provide pooled estimates of risk for selected gene variants. Methods We performed a search using MeSH terms "infection," "sepsis," "infant," "genetic variation," "polymorphism," and "genetic association studies." We included studies evaluating associations between neonatal sepsis and genetic variants (2000-2015)...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957708/hypertension-in-pregnancy
#17
Roopa Malik, Viral Kumar
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy remain an unresolved and unpreventable problem in obstetrics. They remain one of the leading member of deadly triad causing maternal mortality, the other two being hemorrhage and sepsis which are preventable. The incidence of hypertensive disorders worldwide is 12 %. We have discussed various terminologies used to describe hypertension during pregnancy, risk factors, etiopathogenesis, pathophysiology, management guidelines, complications and long term consequences of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in this chapter...
December 13, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942705/association-of-a-clinical-practice-guideline-with-blood-culture-use-in-critically-ill-children
#18
Charlotte Z Woods-Hill, James Fackler, Kristen Nelson McMillan, Judith Ascenzi, Diego A Martinez, Matthew F Toerper, Annie Voskertchian, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Sybil Ann Klaus, Scott Levin, Aaron M Milstone
Importance: Sepsis and septic shock are common and, at times, fatal in pediatrics. Blood cultures are often obtained when clinicians suspect sepsis, yet are low-yield with a false-positive rate up to 50%. Objectives: To determine whether a novel, 2-part, clinical practice guideline could decrease the rates of total blood cultures and cultures collected from central venous catheters in critically ill children and to examine the effect of the guideline on patient outcomes...
December 12, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927811/improving-multidisciplinary-severe-sepsis-management-using-the-sepsis-six%C3%A2
#19
Amar Bhat, Maryam Asghar, Gagandeep Raulia, Amit Keiran John Mandal
Each year in the UK, it is estimated that more than 100,000 people are admitted to hospital with sepsis and around 37,000 people will die as a result of the condition. We present an audit, re-audit and the implications these have had on the management of severe sepsis using the Sepsis Six, ultimately through actively promoting teamwork to initiate the protocol. This led to a significant improvement in management, decreasing admissions to the intensive care unit (ITU), length of stay in hospital and the number of patient deaths...
December 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925427/spleen-australia-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-sepsis-in-patients-with-asplenia-and-hyposplenism-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#20
REVIEW
Kudzai Kanhutu, Penelope Jones, Allen C Cheng, Louise Grannell, Emma Best, Denis Spelman
People with asplenia or hyposplenism are at increased risk of fulminant sepsis which carries a high mortality rate. A range of preventive measures are recommended although there is ongoing evidence that knowledge of and adherence to these strategies is poor. There have been significant changes in recommended vaccinations since the previously published recommendations in 2008. We provide current recommendations to help Australian and New Zealand clinicians in the prevention of sepsis in patients with asplenia and hyposplenia...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
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