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Intravenous catheter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228438/analgesic-effect-of-dezocine-in-different-doses-on-elderly-patients-undergoing-abdominal-operation-under-general-anesthesia-and-its-influence-on-stress-response-to-postoperative-tracheal-extubation
#1
Z-Y Yao, Z Jia, Y-H Xie, L-L Zhang, H-S Zhang, W-Q Wu, C-K Zhang, L-J Gan
OBJECTIVE: To study the analgesic effect of dezocine in different doses on elderly patients undergoing abdominal operation under general anesthesia and to investigate the influence of dezocine on stress response to postoperative tracheal extubation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 76 elderly patients undergoing abdominal operation under general anesthesia and postoperative analgesia in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2016 were selected, and patients treated with fentanyl were selected as the control group (fentanyl: 10 μg/kg, n=19)...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224434/percutaneous-intervention-to-correct-central-venous-port-catheter-malposition
#2
Yen-Hsiang Wang, Chieh-Shou Su, Keng-Hao Chang, Chi-Jen Went, Wen-Lieng Lee, Chih-Hung Lai
The use of central venous port access is increasing due to the requirements of multimodal intravenous therapy.1 However, catheter malposition in smaller veins can lead to vein thrombosis, phlebitis and pain. Herein, we report our experience with the use of percutaneous interventions to correct migrated port catheter malposition. Minimally invasive percutaneous interventional correction of malposition could be an alternative to extraction and re-implantation of malpositioned port catheters.
December 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222405/multiple-weekly-dalbavancin-dosing-for-the-treatment-of-native-vertebral-osteomyelitis-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-case-report
#3
Thamer A Almangour, Valerie Fletcher, Mohammed Alessa, Abdullah A Alhifany, Deanne Tabb
BACKGROUND Native vertebral osteomyelitis (NVO) is a common form of hematogenous osteomyelitis, with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) being the most commonly isolated organism. Dalbavancin is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) and has a sufficiently promising pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile to be considered for the treatment of vertebral osteomyelitis. We describe here what is probably the first reported case of using multiple weekly dalbavancin to treat a complicated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and vertebral osteomyelitis...
December 9, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210330/subcutaneous-local-anesthetic-infusion-could-eliminate-use-of-epidural-analgesia-after-the-nuss-procedure
#4
Sandra K Kabagambe, Laura F Goodman, Y Julia Chen, Benjamin A Keller, James C Becker, Gary W Raff, Rebecca A Stark, Jacob T Stephenson, Amy Rahm, Diana L Farmer, Shinjiro Hirose
AIM: To compare outcomes of continuous subcutaneous infusion of local anesthetic and epidural analgesia following the Nuss procedure. PATIENTS & METHODS: A retrospective chart review compared patients managed with subcutaneous local anesthetic infusion (n = 12) versus thoracic epidural (n = 19) following the Nuss procedure from March 2013 to June 2015. RESULTS: There was no difference in hospital length of stay or days on intravenous narcotics...
December 6, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209115/procedure-related-complications-in-gastric-variceal-obturation-with-tissue-glue
#5
Yun-Wei Guo, Hui-Biao Miao, Zhuo-Fu Wen, Jie-Ying Xuan, Hao-Xiong Zhou
AIM: To focus on procedure-related complications, evaluate their incidence, analyze the reasons and discuss the solutions. METHODS: Overall, 628 endoscopic gastric variceal obturation (EGVO) procedures (case-times) with NBC were performed in 519 patients in the Department of Endoscopy of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January 2011 to December 2016. The clinical data of patients and procedure-related complications of EGVO were retrospectively analyzed...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205784/thoracic-epidural-analgesia-in-donor-hepatectomy-an-analysis
#6
Archna Koul, Deepanjali Pant, Swetha Rudhravaram, Jayashree Sood
BACKGROUND: To analyze whether supplementation of general anaesthesia with thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) for right lobe donor hepatectomy is a safe modality of pain relief in terms of changes in postoperative coagulation profile, incidence of epidural catheter related complications and timing of removal of epidural catheter. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the record of 104 patients who received TEA for right lobe donor hepatectomy was done. Platelet count, INR, ALT and AST were recorded postoperatively till the removal of the epidural catheter...
December 2, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198872/a-randomized-non-inferiority-trial-of-adductor-canal-block-for-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-single-injection-versus-catheter-technique
#7
Steven Lee, Nirooshan Rooban, Himat Vaghadia, Andrew N Sawka, Raymond Tang
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal blocks (ACBs) provide effective analgesia following total knee arthroplasty. We hypothesized that ACB single injection plus intravenous (IV) dexamethasone (Dex) shows non-inferiority to catheter, while ACB single injection does not. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients were randomized and 177 analyzed from among 1 of 3 ACB interventions: (1) 0.5% ropivacaine 20 mL; (2) 0.5% ropivacaine 20 mL plus IV Dex 8 mg; (3) 0.5% ropivacaine 20 mL followed by continuous infusion of 0...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194344/direct-peritoneal-resuscitation-alters-leukocyte-infiltration-in-the-lung-after-acute-brain-death
#8
Jessica L Weaver, Paul J Matheson, Amy Matheson, Cynthia D Downard, R Neal Garrison, Jason W Smith
BACKGROUND: Brain death is associated with significant lung injury and inflammation. This has been associated with worse long-term outcomes for transplanted lungs. Direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR) reduces systemic inflammation in brain death and improves lung procurement rate. The effect of DPR on macrophage and neutrophil infiltration in the lungs is not known. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats had a 4F Fogarty catheter inserted into the skull and the balloon inflated until brain death was achieved...
November 30, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194244/using-simulation-to-enhance-education-in-an-obstetrical-nursing-course
#9
Brooke Gray, Jackie Cavner
This pilot study describes the effects of a simulation experience on students' confidence level and performance in the clinical lab setting. Seven groups of students in an obstetrical rotation participated in a postpartum hemorrhage scenario. Roles were blindly chosen, and interventions were performed and evaluated. The confidence level of the students was assessed prior to and following the simulation. Overall confidence levels increased. The best performances included placing a Foley catheter and inserting an intravenous catheter; the worst performances were documentation and safety...
January 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194065/delayed-respiratory-depression-secondary-to-opioid-overdose-after-multimodal-analgesia-with-transversus-abdominis-plane-blocks-in-postanesthesia-care-unit-a-case-report
#10
Michael O'Rourke, Emily S Schmidt, Jonathan E Metry, Michael B Majewski
Pain control after open abdominal surgery often includes multimodal analgesia with thoracic epidural or transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. After liposomal bupivacaine was approved for TAP blocks in 2015, it became an alternative to indwelling catheters. However, the pharmacokinetics and safety of its use during the perioperative period have not been thoroughly investigated, especially in conjunction with parenteral opioids. We present a case report of an elderly patient having urgent laparoscopic converted to open abdominal surgery, who experienced postoperative respiratory depression in the recovery room after multimodal therapy with liposomal bupivacaine TAP blocks, intravenous (IV) opioids, and ketorolac...
November 30, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185601/adherence-to-central-venous-catheter-insertion-bundle-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-units
#11
Fernanda Lopes de Araújo, Bruna Figueiredo Manzo, Anna Caroline Leite Costa, Allana Dos Reis Corrêa, Juliana de Oliveira Marcatto, Delma Aurélia da Silva Simão
OBJECTIVE: To describe the observed behavior of professionals in two neonatal and pediatric intensive care units regarding the use of central venous catheter insertion bundle, and the clinical and birth profile of neonates and children who received the devices. METHOD: A quantitative descriptive exploratory study was conducted in two intensive care units of a public hospital in Belo Horizonte with neonates and children, between February and September 2016. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 59 observed implants of central venous catheter...
November 27, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181104/recombinant-human-adenovirus-p53-improves-the-outcome-of-mid-late-stage-pancreatic-cancer-via-arterial-infusion
#12
Jinggang Mo, Meihua Lin, Bin He, Kai Tan, Chong Jin, Hao Jiang, Xuefeng Pan, Weidong Lin
The present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy and clinical value of recombinant human adenovirus-p53 (rAd-p53) perfusion via the pancreatic artery for the treatment of mid-late stage pancreatic cancer. rAd-p53 (2×1012 virus particles) in 6 ml normal saline was pushed (intravenous bolus) into the gastroduodenal and superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries via interventional superselection, with the catheter retained for subsequent drug administration at a 3-day interval for 4 cycles. Tumor changes in all patients were observed to evaluate tumor response by computed tomography (CT) at 2, 8 and 16 weeks post-treatment...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176933/a-clinical-pathway-for-the-management-of-difficult-venous-access
#13
Vanno Sou, Craig McManus, Nicholas Mifflin, Steven A Frost, Julie Ale, Evan Alexandrou
Background: Many patients are admitted to hospital with non-visible or palpable veins, often resulting in multiple painful attempts at cannulation, anxiety and catheter failure. We developed a difficult intravenous pathway at our institution to reduce the burden of difficult access for patients by increasing first attempt success with ultrasound guidance. The emphasis was to provide a solution for hospitalised patients after business hours by training the after-hours clinical support team in ultrasound guided cannulation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176359/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-virtual-simulator-with-a-plastic-arm-model-in-teaching-intravenous-catheter-insertion-skills
#14
Elif Günay İsmailoğlu, Ayten Zaybak
The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a virtual intravenous simulator with a plastic arm model in teaching intravenous catheter insertion skills to nursing students. We used a randomized controlled quasi-experimental trial design and recruited 65 students who were assigned to the experimental (n = 33) and control (n = 32) groups using the simple random sampling method. The experimental group received intravenous catheterization skills training on the virtual intravenous simulator, and the control group received the same training on a plastic model of a human arm...
November 22, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169604/validation-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-derived-fick-cardiac-outputs-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#15
Kristen M Tecson, Anupama Vasudevan, Amarinder Bindra, Susan M Joseph, Joost Felius, Shelley A Hall, Parag Kale
The pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) remains the gold standard to calculate Fick cardiac outputs (FCOs) in patients with heart failure admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) provides long-term intravenous access and is used outside the ICU; however, there is scant literature validating venous oxygen saturations (VOSs) from PICC lines. Heart failure patients in the ICU with an existing PAC requiring a PICC line to transition were enrolled. Three blood samples were taken per person (1 at PICC, 1 at central venous pressure [CVP], and 1 at distal PAC)...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167081/randomized-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-leg-crossing-and-muscle-tensing-technique-on-decreasing-vasovagal-symptoms-among-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-undergoing-peripheral-iv-catheter-insertion
#16
Laura McIntyre-Patton, Shannon Wanderski, Deb Graef, Laura Woessner, Rachel Baker
Peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheter insertion is a common procedure that can cause vasovagal symptoms. Lower extremity muscle tensing techniques decrease these symptoms in adults. However, there are no studies examining this technique in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether pediatric patients are able to perform the technique and to determine the effects of this technique on vasovagal symptoms in a pediatric population. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was conducted with 28 patients cared for in a pediatric surgery unit...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162280/catheter-related-bacteraemia-caused-by-raoultella-ornithinolytica
#17
A González-Castro, J C Rodríguez-Borregán, S Campos, J L Pérez Canga
Infections in humans by Raoultella spp. are rare and the effect that Raoultella spp. might have as a human pathogen is currently unknown. A clinical case is presented of catheter-related bacteraemia caused by Raoultella ornithinolytica, treated successfully with applied antibiotic therapy (intravenous cefepime and sealed the catheter with amikacin).
November 18, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161686/impact-of-an-in-hospital-patient-education-program-on-choice-of-renal-replacement-modality-in-unplanned-dialysis-initiation
#18
Moritz Schanz, Markus Ketteler, Markus Heck, Juergen Dippon, Mark Dominik Alscher, Martin Kimmel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Up to 50% patients requiring dialysis receive an urgent, unplanned start (UPS) to renal replacement therapy (RRT). Most of these are initiated with an intravenous catheter and commenced and maintained on hemodialysis (HD). Although peritoneal dialysis (PD) could be an equipotent initial modality for RRT, it is used less frequently as long-term RRT in UPS patients. This multicenter-study aimed to evaluate the impact of a structured, in-hospital education program and factors influencing PD rates, especially in UPS patients...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150394/efficacy-of-prostatic-artery-embolization-for-catheter-dependent-patients-with-large-prostate-sizes-and-high-comorbidity-scores
#19
Shivank Bhatia, Vishal K Sinha, Bruce R Kava, Christopher Gomez, Sardis Harward, Sanoj Punnen, Issam Kably, Jeffrey Miller, Dipen J Parekh
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of prostate artery embolization (PAE) in urinary catheter-dependent patients with large prostate volumes and high comorbidity scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective single-center review was conducted of 30 patients with urinary retention at time of PAE from November 2014 through February 2017. Mean (range) age was 73.1 years (48-94 y), age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index was 4.5 (0-10), duration of urinary retention was 63...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148930/use-of-mixed-oil-fat-emulsion-to-improve-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-in-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-case-report
#20
Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a life-saving therapy for patients who are not able to use their gastrointestinal tract. There are a number of complications associated with HPN, including metabolic bone disease, intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), and catheter-related bloodstream infections. We present a case of a 32-year-old HPN patient who initially developed biopsy-proven IFALD (total bilirubin, 2.4 mg/dL) while on long-term HPN. His HPN was initiated due to myopathic intestinal dysmotility and pseudo-obstruction when he was 15 years old...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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