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Intravenous catheter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688789/comparison-of-angiographic-dyes-and-injection-techniques-for-ocular-anterior-segment-angiography-in-horses
#1
Chris G Pirie, Alexander J LoPinto, Wade A Tenney
OBJECTIVE To assess and compare 2 injection techniques for conducting ocular anterior segment indocyanine green angiography (ASICGA) and sodium fluorescein (SF) angiography in horses. ANIMALS 3 healthy adult female horses (age range, 19 to 25 years). PROCEDURES Horses were sedated, jugular catheters were placed, and manual restraint was used to ensure proper positioning for the angiography procedure. Two injection techniques (IV and intra-arterial) were performed for each horse 1 week apart. Intravenous injections of 0...
May 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686807/pain-alleviation-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-presternal-local-anesthetic-and-magnesium-infiltration-versus-conventional-intravenous-analgesia-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#2
Emad Zarief Kamel, Sayed Kaoud Abd-Elshafy, Jehan Ahmed Sayed, Mohammed Mahmoud Mostafa, Mohamed Ismail Seddik
Background: Magnesium is one of the effective, safe local anesthetic adjuvants that can exert an analgesic effect in conditions presenting acute and chronic post-sternotomy pain. We studied the efficacy of continuous infusion of presternal magnesium sulfate with bupivacaine for pain relief following cardiac surgery. Methods: Ninety adult patients undergoing valve replacement cardiac surgery randomly allocated into three groups. In all patients; a presternal catheter was placed for continuous infusion of either 0...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685397/outcomes-of-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-in-patients-with-injection-drug-use
#3
Mohsen Vazirian, Jason M Jerry, Nabin K Shrestha, Steven M Gordon
BACKGROUND: Historically, there has been a restrictive approach toward outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) in patients with injection drug use (IDU) due to the fear that they might utilize the intravenous catheter to inject illicit substances. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that patients with current IDU on OPAT would have less favorable treatment outcomes compared to those without current IDU. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort chart review study of Cleveland Clinic OPAT registry, we identified patients with current IDU by both electronic and manual review...
March 3, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684987/effects-of-nefopam-on-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-in-patients-undergoing-ureteroscopic-litholapaxy
#4
Yong Woo Cheon, Seon Hwan Kim, Jin Hyub Paek, Jin A Kim, Yong Kyung Lee, Jin Hye Min, Hyung Rae Cho
Background: Patients who undergo urinary catheterization may experience postoperative catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD). Previous studies have indicated that drugs with antimuscarinic effects could reduce the incidence and severity of CRBD. Accordingly, this study was carried out to investigate whether nefopam, a centrally acting analgesic with concomitant antimuscarinic effect, reduces the incidence and severity of CRBD. Methods: Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II and aged 18-70 years who were scheduled to undergo elective ureteroscopic litholapaxy participated in this double-blinded study...
April 24, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683736/helping-nurses-help-pivcs-decision-aids-for-daily-assessment-and-maintenance
#5
Gillian Ray-Barruel, Claire M Rickard
Improving the safety and quality of health care relies on implementing evidence-based findings into every-day clinical practice. Numerous clinical decision aids have been developed to guide nursing care of the patient with a peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC), including standards, guidelines, decision frameworks, bundles, policies, procedures, algorithms, pathways, checklists and scoring tools. While all are created with the intention of facilitating the delivery of safe, effective nursing care and improving patient outcomes, there are distinct differences in methodology and design between them, and many are based on expert opinion and historical practice rather than high-quality evidence...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680398/plasma-and-peritoneal-fluid-concentrations-of-ceftriaxone-after-intravenous-and-intraperitoneal-administration-in-horses
#6
J M Alonso, R G Peccinini, M L Campos, T Y Nitta, T Y M Akutagawa, A P Crescencio, A L G Alves, C A Rodrigues, M J Watanabe, C A Hussni
Intraperitoneal (IP) use of antimicrobial agents may lead to therapeutic effects with better clinical results than intravenous (IV) administration. The aim of this study was to compare plasma and peritoneal fluid concentrations of ceftriaxone after IP and IV administration in horses, and to evaluate possible adverse effects. One group of five horses received 25mg/kg ceftriaxone diluted in 1L saline solution by IP catheter once daily for 5 days, while a second group of five horses received 25mg/kg ceftriaxone diluted in 250mL saline solution by IV injection once daily for 5days and 1L saline solution by IP catheter once daily for 5 days...
April 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680333/hydroelectrolytic-and-infectious-complications-in-one-year-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-critical-care
#7
A López, J J Varela, M M Cid, M Couñago, N Gago
OBJECTIVE: Parenteral nutrition consists of the intravenous administration of macronutrients, micronutrients and electrolytes. Our objectives were to evaluate the biochemical alterations during the first ten days of initiation and to quantify the bacteremia related to the central venous catheter during the administration of parenteral nutrition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of incidence and prevalence. We included 51 patients who started intravenous nutritional support therapy at Critical Care...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675812/a-new-venous-entry-detection-method-based-on-electrical-bio-impedance-sensing
#8
Zhuoqi Cheng, Brian L Davies, Darwin G Caldwell, Leonardo S Mattos
Peripheral intravenous catheterization (PIVC) is frequently required for various medical treatments. Over 1 billion PIVC operations are performed per year in the United States alone. However, this operation is characterized by a very low success rate, especially amongst pediatric patients. Statistics show that only 53% of first PIVC attempts are successful in pediatric patients. Since their veins are small and readily rupture, multiple attempts are commonly required before successfully inserting the catheter into the vein...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669611/needle-thoracostomy-does-changing-needle-length-and-location-change-patient-outcome
#9
Lori A Weichenthal, Scott Owen, Geoffory Stroh, John Ramos
BACKGROUND: Needle thoracostomy (NT) is a common prehospital intervention for patients in extremis or cardiac arrest due to trauma. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes, efficacy, and complications after a change in policy related to NT in a four-county Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system with a catchment area of greater than 1.6 million people. METHODS: This is a before and after observational study of all patients who had NT performed in the Central California (USA) EMS system...
April 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669583/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-patient-experiences-of-central-venous-access-devices-in-anti-cancer-treatment
#10
Caoimhe Ryan, Hannah Hesselgreaves, Olivia Wu, Jim Paul, Judith Dixon-Hughes, Jonathan G Moss
BACKGROUND: Three types of central venous access devices (CVADs)-peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), skin-tunnelled central catheters (Hickman-type devices), and implantable chest wall Ports (Ports)-are routinely used in the intravenous administration of anti-cancer treatment. These devices avoid the need for peripheral cannulation and allow for home delivery of treatment. Assessments of these devices have tended to focus on medical and economic factors, but there is increased interest in the importance of patient experiences and perspectives in this area...
April 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665978/outpatient-intravenous-multimodal-elastomeric-pump-with-methadone-in-ambulatory-surgery
#11
L Gómez-López, X Sala-Blanch, P L Gambús Cerrillo, A López Gutiérrez, M Agustí Lasús, M T Anglada Casas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Analgesia in Ambulatory Surgery (AS) needs to evolve in parallel with surgical complexity. We designed a study to try to improve analgesia in painful surgery using an intravenous elastomeric pump. As a novelty, methadone was included. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An observational study, physical status ASA I-II, underwent ambulatory surgeries with moderate-severe postoperative pain. Analgesia was administered for 48h by an intravenous multimodal elastomeric pump (methadone, tramadol, dexketoprofen and ondansetron at low doses)...
April 14, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664760/effect-of-routine-clopidogrel-use-on-bleeding-complications-after-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration
#12
Tracey N Webb, Eric Flenaugh, Ralitza Martin, Christopher Parks, Rabih I Bechara
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasonography has proven to be highly sensitive and specific in the diagnoses of patients with mediastinal and hilar adenopathy. Many of these patients are on a combination of clopidogrel (a compound that inhibits adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation) and aspirin due to neurological and/or cardiac-related comorbidities, and stopping anticoagulation may place these patients at high risk for potential complications. Our group has previously showed that thoracentesis with an 8-french catheter is safe in patients receiving clopidogrel and aspirin with low risk of complications...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663565/risk-factors-for-early-invasive-fungal-infections-in-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipients
#13
Yehonatan Pasternak, Shiri Rubin, Efraim Bilavsky, Yael Mozer-Glassberg, Itzhak Levy, Elhanan Nahum, Eran Rom, Michael Gurevich, Haim Ben-Zvi, Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) post-liver transplantation are a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality;however, studies reporting on these infections in the pediatric population are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of IFIs in pediatric liver transplant recipients during the early post-transplantation period (≤3 months). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected for all pediatric liver transplant recipients registered in a national transplantation center from 2004-2014...
April 17, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658218/-burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-outpatient-care
#14
Walter Zingg, Aliki Metsini, Qiao Fu, Diana Neves, Didier Pittet
There is little evidence on healthcare-associated infections in outpatient care. The Swiss Federal Office for Public Health commissioned a systematic review to estimate the incidence of healthcare-associated infections in non-institutional settings. A total of 126 papers were eligible for data abstraction. The identified reports and studies were heterogeneous and generally of low quality. The main outcomes were surgical site infections, central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections, and urinary tract infections...
April 11, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658209/upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-symptoms-diagnosis-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Jaber Mustafa, Ilan Asher, Zev Sthoeger
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is defined as thrombosis of the deep venous system (subclavian, axillary, brachial, ulnar, and radial veins), which drains the upper extremities. It can be caused by thoracic outlet anatomic obstruction, such as Paget-Schroetter syndrome, (primary) or by central intravenous catheters (secondary). UEDVT may be asymptomatic or present with acute severe pain and arm swelling. Clinical suspicion should be confirmed by diagnostic imaging procedures such as duplex ultrasound, computed tomography scan, or magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656748/nivolumab-induced-severe-pancytopenia-in-a-patient-with-lung-adenocarcinoma
#16
Kentaro Tokumo, Takeshi Masuda, Takahiko Miyama, Shinichiro Miura, Kakuhiro Yamaguchi, Shinjiro Sakamoto, Yasushi Horimasu, Taku Nakashima, Shintaro Miyamoto, Takashi Yoshida, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Kazunori Fujitaka, Hironobu Hamada, Noboru Hattori
Severe leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and bi-cytopenia due to nivolumab have been reported. In this report, we present the first case of nivolumab-induced severe pancytopenia in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma. A 56-year-old Japanese man with lung adenocarcinoma received nivolumab therapy as second-line treatment. After 3 cycles of this therapy, although computed tomography (CT) showed a reduced tumor size, laboratory findings revealed pancytopenia and a bone marrow biopsy showed a severely hypoplastic marrow...
May 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655373/the-risk-of-adverse-events-related-to-extended-dwell-peripheral-intravenous-access
#17
Sara Campagna, Silvia Gonella, Pietro Antonio Zerla, Gianvito Corona, Tiziana Correggia, Baudolino Mussa, Paola Berchialla, Valerio Dimonte
Midline catheters (MCs) may be useful to avoid repeated venipuncture in patients requiring prolonged intravenous infusions with limited adverse events (AEs). We analyzed 2 Italian hospital databases to ascertain the safety of MCs. Among 1,538 adult patients, 154 MC-related AEs (10%; 2.49 AEs per 1,000 MC days) were reported.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
April 15, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650059/labyrinthitis-ossificans-in-a-cynomolgus-macaque-macaca-fascicularis
#18
Gayathriy Balamayooran, Hannah M Atkins, Christopher T Whitlow, Samuel T Aycock, Michael A Nader, J Mark Cline, David L Caudell
Labyrinthitis is inflammation of the membranous and bony labyrinth of the inner ear. Typical portals of entry includehematogenous spread from the cochlear vasculature, passage of otitis media pathogens through the round window, and mostcommonly, meningogenic spread from the subarachnoid space. The sequela of chronic inner ear inflammation is labyrinthitisossificans, in which inner ear structures are replaced by fibrous and osseous tissues. Labyrinthitis in humans has been reportedconcurrently with infection due to various viruses (for example, varicella-zoster, measles, mumps) and bacteria (for example,Treponema pallidum, Streptococcus pneumoniae) and may be associated with vertebrobasilar ischemia and meningitis...
April 12, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628834/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-continuous-epidural-infusion-versus-local-infiltration-and-systemic-opioids-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-decortication-in-pediatric-empyema-patients
#19
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Madhu Garasia
Introduction: The stripping of the densely innervated and inflamed parietal pleura in empyema during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) decortication can lead to significant pain and major postoperative respiratory compromise. Hence, we compared the analgesic efficacy of continuous epidural infusion versus local infiltration and systemic opioids in children undergoing VATS decortications. Methodology: Following ethics approval and informed consent, forty patients from 1 to 12 years of age were randomized into two groups, Group E (epidural) and Group L (local infiltration) after induction of anesthesia...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628563/postoperative-analgesia-with-epidural-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-clonidine-following-total-abdominal-hysterectomies-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#20
Sunil Chiruvella, Balaji Donthu, Srinivasa Rao Nallam, Dora Babu Salla
Background and Aims: Anesthesia for total abdominal hysterectomies is not only concerned with relieving pain during intraoperative period but also during the postoperative period. We compared clonidine and dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to levobupivacaine for epidural analgesia with respect to onset and duration of sensory block, duration of analgesia, and adverse effects. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 individuals between the age of 45 and 65 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Classes I and II who underwent total abdominal hysterectomies were randomly allocated into two groups, comprising 40 patients in each group...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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