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flight thrombosis vein

Gianni Belcaro, Umberto Cornelli, Mark Dugall, Morio Hosoi, Roberto Cotellese, Beatrice Feragalli
BACKGROUND: This registry study evaluated the effects of Pycnogenol® on edema and thrombotic complications in long-haul flights; jet lag was also evaluated. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty subjects at different risk levels for thrombosis, flying in economy class twice a week for more than 8 hours, were included; 295 completed the registry study and were subdivided in 3 groups according to their risk level - low, moderate, or high. The high-risk group also received Aspirin®...
April 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Cynthia Wong
A 47-year-old woman presented to her GP (general practitioner) surgery with a left leg pain of 4 days duration after a recent 4-hour flight. She was taking the oral combined contraceptive pill and had no past medical history. She had a low predictive Wells score for deep vein thrombosis, but her D-dimer was positive, so she had a proximal lower limb vein ultrasound scan as per the National Institute for Clinical Excellence guidelines, which was negative. Two days later, she presented to the emergency department with a collapse and dyspnea...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Holly Payne, Alexander Brill
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its devastating complication, pulmonary embolism, are a severe health problem with high mortality. Mechanisms of thrombus formation in veins remain obscure. Lack of mobility (e.g., after surgery or long-haul flights) is one of the main factors leading to DVT. The pathophysiological consequence of the lack of mobility is blood flow stagnation in venous valves. Here, a model is described that mimics such flow disturbance as a thrombosis-driving factor. In this model, partial flow restriction (stenosis) in the inferior vena cava (IVC) is created...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Commercial air travel is usually without health incidents. However, there is a view that cabin environments may be detrimental to health, especially flights of 8 h or more. Concerns have been raised about deep vein thrombosis, upper respiratory tract infections, altitude sickness, and toxins from the engines. METHODS: Passenger cabin simulators were used to achieve a comparative observational study with 8-h flights at pressures equivalent to terrestrial altitudes of ground, 4000, 6000, and 8000 ft...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
M P El Seady-Rol, M G R De Maeseneer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Emma Howard, Ruth Benson, Christopher Day, Brian Gwynn
We present the case of a 46-year-old commercial pilot with a history of unilateral leg swelling following a flight to Geneva. Although initial clinical examination suggested a deep vein thrombosis, the swelling only partially resolved with anticoagulation and further imaging suggested the presence of adventitial cystic disease (ACD). The patient underwent initial anticoagulation to allow any thrombus to be lysed, followed by excision of the ACD from the venous wall and venous reconstruction. Following the excision of the ACD, providing the patient remains asymptomatic and further imaging finds normal venous anatomy, we hope the patient will discontinue anticoagulation and return to flying...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Mike J Clarke, Cathryn Broderick, Sally Hopewell, Ed Juszczak, Anne Eisinga
BACKGROUND: Air travel might increase the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It has been suggested that wearing compression stockings might reduce this risk. This is an update of the review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of wearing compression stockings versus not wearing them for preventing DVT in people travelling on flights lasting at least four hours. SEARCH METHODS: For this update the Cochrane Vascular Information Specialist (CIS) searched the Specialised Register (10 February 2016)...
September 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ahmad Alsheekh, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Enrico Ascher
OBJECTIVE: There is an increasing number of procedures that traditionally were performed in the inpatient setting that are now becoming office-based procedures. These include peripheral endovascular procedures such as angiograms, angioplasties, dialysis access interventions, and treatment for venous insufficiency. We chose to evaluate the feasibility, safety of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement in the office-based setting. METHODS: All procedures were performed using local anesthesia, and ultrasound guidance for puncture...
July 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Peter Buzzacott, Andreas Mollerlokken
Aviation deep vein thrombosis is a challenge poorly understood in modern aviation. The aim of the present project was to determine if cabin decompression might favor formation of vascular bubbles in commercial air travelers. Thirty commercial flights were taken. Cabin pressure was noted at take-off and at every minute following, until the pressure stabilized. These time-pressure profiles were imported into the statistics program R and analyzed using the package SCUBA. Greatest pressure differentials between tissues and cabin pressures were estimated for 20, 40, 60, 80 and 120 min half-time compartments...
October 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Kiyoshi Tamura, Hideki Nakahara
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of magnetic resonance venography (MRV) for pelvis and deep vein thrombosis in the lower extremities before surgical interventions for varicose veins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 72 patients who underwent MRV and ultrasonography before stripping for varicose veins of lower extremities. All images of the deep venous systems were evaluated by time-of-flight MRV. RESULTS: Forty-six patients (63.9%) of all were female...
2014: Annals of Vascular Diseases
C Whitney White, Angela R Thomason, Valerie Prince
OBJECTIVE: To report a patient case identifying risk for recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with heterozygous Factor V Leiden mutation. CASE SUMMARY: A 54-year-old Caucasian male was diagnosed with heterozygous Factor V Leiden mutation in 2008 after experiencing a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and bilateral pulmonary embolism. The patient was treated appropriately and started on anticoagulation therapy with warfarin through an anticoagulation management clinic...
September 2014: Hospital Pharmacy
Maria L Hahnemann, Sonja Kinner, Bernd Schweiger, Thomas Bajanowski, Bernd Karger, Heidi Pfeiffer, Daniel Wittschieber
OBJECTIVES: Abusive head trauma (AHT) in infants is usually diagnosed using a multi-disciplinary approach by investigating the circumstances and identifying morphological indicators, for example, subdural hematomas (SDHs), subdural hygromas (SDHys), retinal haemorrhages and encephalopathy. The present morphological study investigates the incidence, radiological characteristics and non-radiological co-factors of bridging vein thrombosis (BVT) in infants with AHT. METHODS: From 2002 to 2013, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) material of 628 infants aged 0-2 years were analysed retrospectively...
February 2015: European Radiology
Calen Wherry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Siddharth A Padia, Adam Alessio, Sharon W Kwan, David H Lewis, Sandeep Vaidya, Satoshi Minoshima
PURPOSE: To compare positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging with bremsstrahlung single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients after yttrium-90 ((90)Y) microsphere radioembolization to assess particle uptake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study comprised patients with large (> 5 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or tumor-associated portal vein thrombus (PVT), or both. After radioembolization for HCC, patients underwent bremsstrahlung SPECT/CT and time-of-flight PET/CT imaging of (90)Y without additional tracer administration...
August 2013: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Om P Gulati
The present review provides an update of the biological profile of Pycnogenol in the light of its use in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and related venous disorders such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), post-thrombotic syndrome, long haul air-travel-related leg oedema, venous ulcers and acute haemorrhoids. Pycnogenol is a French maritime pine bark extract produced from the outer bark of Pinus pinaster Ait. subsp. atlantica. Its strong antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and vasodilator activities, antithrombotic effects and collagen stabilizing properties make it uniquely able to target the multi facet pathophysiology of CVI and related venous disorders...
March 2014: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Peter Iblher, Hauke Paarmann, Kristina Stuckert, Andreas Werner, Friedrich K Klotz, Wolfgang Eichler
BACKGROUND: Long-haul flights (LHF) are known to be connected with an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis. There is still some lack of clarity about the impact of hypoxia and lower levels of air pressure and humidity on passengers during flight. This cross-over study researched interstitial fluid shifts traced by measurements of tissue thickness (TT) under controlled simulated conditions of a LHF. METHODS: There were 18 male volunteers (28.4 +/- 8.1 yr) who were subjected to both procedure 1 (altitude: 2500 m/humidity: 15%)and procedure 2 (altitude: 0 m/humidity: 50%), each lasting 8 h...
May 2013: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
W-J Metsemakers, J Duchateau, F Vanhoenacker, Y Tielemans, J De Leersnyder
We report a 71-year-old obese white female who presented with sudden right calf pain after a long distance flight. Symptoms were initially regarded as venous in origin. Duplex investigation ruled out deep vein thrombosis. Ultimately she presented to our department with complaints of claudication. Clinical evaluation and a new duplex scan showed occlusion of the right popliteal artery. Further evaluation with CT-angiography showed, besides occlusion of the right popliteal artery, a floating thrombus in the infrarenal abdominal aorta...
January 2013: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Alan Nurden, Patrick Mercié, Pascal Zely, Paquita Nurden
Patients with Glanzmann thrombasthenia fail to form large platelet thrombi due to mutations that affect the biosynthesis and/or function of the αIIbβ3 integrin. The result is a moderate to severe bleeding syndrome. We now report unusual vascular behaviour in a 55-year-old woman with classic type I disease (with no platelet αIIbβ3 expression) and a homozygous ITGA2B missense mutation (E324K) affecting the terminal β-propeller domain of αIIb. While exhibiting classic bleeding symptoms as a child, in later life this woman first developed deep vein thrombosis after a long air flight then showed vascular problems characteristic of Raynaud's phenomenon, and finally this year she presented with chest pains suggestive of coronary heart disease...
2012: Case Reports in Hematology
Ali Raza Rajani, Kosar Hussain, Fahad Omar Baslaib, Ghazi Ahmad Radaideh
A 72-year-old man was referred to our hospital as a case of postcardiac arrest following a long distance air flight. Work-up in the emergency department revealed the presence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), bilateral pulmonary embolism, inferior STEMI (ST elevation myocardial infarction) and ischaemic stroke. He received thrombolysis by recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) following which his haemodynamic status improved, but he developed haemorrhagic transformation of the stroke as a complication...
2012: BMJ Case Reports
Yon-Kwon Ihn, Won-Sang Jung, Seong-Su Hwang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare the various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences when they are used to visualize and evaluate cerebral venous thrombosis. METHODS: Eleven patients with cerebral venous thrombosis were retrospectively analyzed using computed tomography, MRI, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), and conventional angiography. The MR sequence included T1-weighted spin echo (SE) imaging, obtained before and after administration of contrast medium, T2-weighted turbo spin echo (TSE), fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), T2*-weighted conventional gradient-echo (GRE), as well as three-dimensional (3D) venous time-of-flight MRA and conventional angiography...
May 2013: Clinical Imaging
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