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Ali Taheri Mirghaed, Mahyar Yasari, Seyed Saeed Mirzargar, Seyyed Morteza Hoseini
The aim of the present study was to investigate anesthetic efficacy of myrcene in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) along with the fish biochemical response to anesthesia in comparison with eugenol. In the first experiment, 240 fish were stocked in 12 tanks and acclimatized to experimental conditions for 2 weeks. Then, the fish of each tank were subjected to one concentration of either eugenol (12, 20, 30, 50, 80, and 130 μL/L) or myrcene (100, 150, 200, 300, 400, and 500 μL/L) concentrations. Induction time of and recovery time from anesthesia were recorded for each fish separately...
February 14, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Seyyed Hamidreza Hashemipetroudi, Ghorbanali Nematzadeh, Gholamreza Ahmadian, Ahad Yamchi, Markus Kuhlmann
One method extensively used for the quantification of gene expression changes and transcript abundances is reverse-transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR). It provides accurate, sensitive, reliable, and reproducible results. Several factors can affect the sensitivity and specificity of RT-qPCR. Residual genomic DNA (gDNA) contaminating RNA samples is one of them. In gene expression analysis, non-specific amplification due to gDNA contamination will overestimate the abundance of transcript levels and can affect the RT-qPCR results...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Mostafa Shahrezaee, Mohammad Ali Okhovatpour, Mohammad Banasiri, Seyyed Reza Sharifzadeh
Various therapeutic methods are available to treat patients with intertrochantric fracture, which is usually caused by falling down. This complication is usually observed among the elderly, particularly old women. The choice of the proper therapeutic method depends on many factors including patient's condition, type of fracture, and the amount of movement. Hip arthroplasty is one of these therapeutic methods, which have certain advantages and disadvantages. Immediate resumption of walking with the ability of weight toleration and absence of complications such as aseptic necrosis are some advantages of this method...
January 8, 2018: Clinics and Practice
Zahra Mehrazad-Saber, Sorayya Kheirouri, Seyyed-Gholamreza Noorazar
Sleep disorders are frequently reported in autistic patients. Evidences suggest that increased oxidative stress and reduced antioxidants may play a major role in the pathogenesis of these disorders. Carnosine acts as an antioxidant, antitoxic and neuroprotective agent. The aim of this trial study was to examine the effects of carnosine supplementation on the sleep disorders and severity of autism core symptoms in autistic patients. In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, 43 autistic patients (31 boys and 12 girls; aged 4 to 16 years) were divided into two groups of carnosine and control that received 500 mg of carnosine and 500 mg of placebo per day for two months, respectively...
February 11, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Reza Kazemi Oskuee, Maryam Dabbaghi, Leila Gholami, Sajedeh Taheri-Bojd, Mahdi Balali-Mood, Seyyed Hadi Mousavi, Bizhan Malaekeh-Nikouei
AIMS: Gene therapy is a promising strategy for the treatment of various diseases. Polyethylenimine (PEI) has received considerable attention for gene delivery applications due to their appropriate properties. However, their toxicity has raised concerns which cause to be used with cautious. This study aimed to prepare different complexes of PEI/DNA and evaluate their parameters affecting in vitro cytotoxicity. Also, apoptosis rate was measured to determine the mechanism of cell toxicity...
February 8, 2018: Life Sciences
Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Teamur Aghamolaei, Kobra Kahnouji, Seyyed Mehrdad Hosseini Teshnizi, Jalil Ghani
Purpose: The five-dimension service quality (SERVQUAL) scale is one of the most common tools for evaluating gaps between clients' perceptions and expectations. This study aimed to assess the quality of health services in Iran through a meta-analysis of all Iranian studies which used the SERVQUAL tool. Data sources: A systematic literature review has been performed in Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Iran Medex, Magiran and Scientific Information Database...
February 2, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Narjes Khavasi, Mohammad Hosein Somi, Ebrahim Khadem, Elnaz Faramarzi, Mohammad Hossein Ayati, Seyyed Muhammad Bagher Fazljou, Mohammadali Torbati
Purpose: Despite numerous studies on the effects of complementary medicine, to our knowledge, there is no study on the effects of Capparis spinosa on disease regression in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. We compared the effects of caper fruit pickle consumption, as an Iranian traditional medicine product, on the anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in different NAFLD patients. Methods: A 12-weeks randomized, controlled, double-blind trial was designed in 44 NAFLD patients randomly categorized for the control (n=22) or caper (n=22)...
December 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Seyyed Ahmad Tabatabaii
Central catheters are known as "life lines" in intensive care units and are used frequently in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for multiple indications. The central catheters used in NICU includes umbilical venous catheter (UVC), umbilical arterial catheter (UAC) and peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) lines. The tip of these central lines need to be in correct position as malpositioned central line tips leads to many neonatal complications. Radiograph either abdomen or chest is the most widely used modality for locating the tip of central catheter...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Mohammad Hossein Barzegar, Homayoun Khazali, Seyyed Mehdi Kalantar, Arezoo Khoradmehr
Background: Citrullus colocynthis (CCT) is used as the anti-diabetic and antioxidant agent. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive disorder which level of gonadotropins and sexual hormones are imbalanced. Objective: We evaluated the effect of CCT hydro-alcoholic extract on hormonal and folliculogenesis process in estradiol valerate-induced PCOs rats' model. Materials and Methods: 40 female adult Wistar rats divided into five groups (n=8each: Group I (control) only injected by sesame oil as estradiol valerate solvent, group II (Sham) was orally received normal saline after estradiol valerate- induced polycystic ovarian syndrome (4 mg/rat estradiol valerate, intramuscularly), and three experimental groups, that after induction of PCOS within 60 days, received orally 50 mg/kg CCT extract (group III), 50mg/kg metformin (group IV), and CCT extract+ metformin (group V) for 20 days...
October 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Hassan Jamshidi, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Abolghasem Avand, Zahra Khiyali
Aims and Objectives: Pregnant women are at risk of dental caries and periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of health education program based on health belief model (HBM) on oral and dental hygiene behaviors in pregnant women in Fasa city. Materials and Methods: This is a clinical trial study carried out on 110 pregnant women selected using random sampling method from health centers in Fasa city in 2016 (55 patients in the experimental group and 55 individuals in control group)...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Zeinab Mahmoudpour, Hoda Shirafkan, Morteza Mojahedi, Narjes Gorji, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur
Background: Functional gastrointestinal diseases are common in general populations and comprise more than 40% visits to gastroenterologists. Treatment options of gastrointestinal diseases have been limited. There are a few medications for functional gastrointestinal diseases and some of medications are not available in the market or in the place where the patient lives. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is a branch of alternative and traditional medicine based on individual viewpoint and humoral theory, focuses on lifestyle modification and uses natural products to manage the patients...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Amirhosein Shahali, Mustafa Ghanadian, Seyyed Mehdi Jafari, Mahmoud Aghaei
Natural products isolated from plants provide a valuable source for expansion of new anticancer drugs. Nardosinen (4,9-dihydroxy-nardosin-6-en) is a natural sesquiterpene extracted from Juniperus foetidissima. Recently, we have reported the cytotoxic effects of nardosinen in various cancer cells. The aim of the current study was to investigate the anticancer features of nardosinen as well as its possible molecular mechanisms of the nardosinen cytotoxic effect on breast tumor cells. MTT assay showed that nardosinen notably inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Fatemeh Jahanian, Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad, Hamed Amini Ahidashti, Farzad Bozorgi, Iraj Goli Khatir, Seyyed Hosein Montazar, Vahideh Azarfar
Objective: To compare the effects of intravenous morphine and a low dose of ketamine on pain intensity of patients with traumatic fractures of the long bones. Methods: This randomized, controlled, double-blinded, clinical trial was conducted in the adult emergency department (ED) of Emam Khomeini hospital, a tertiary general hospital affiliated with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, in Northern Iran, during a 6-month period. Patients were randomly assigned to receive intravenous morphine (0...
January 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Seyyed Ali Hassani Gangaraj, Francesco Monticone
We investigate topologically-protected unidirectional leaky waves on magnetized plasmonic structures acting as homogeneous photonic topological insulators. Our theoretical analyses and numerical experiments aim at unveiling the general properties of these exotic surface waves, and their nonreciprocal and topological nature. In particular, we study the behavior of topological leaky modes in stratified structures composed of a magnetized plasma at the interface with isotropic conventional media, and we show how to engineer their propagation and radiation properties, leading to topologically-protected backscattering-immune wave propagation, and highly directive and tunable radiation...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Naghdi Elahe, Tabar Heydar Kourosh, Sharifi Ali, Hamid Ahmadi Seyyed
A new ionic liquid-based high-performance liquid chromatography stationary phase is reported. A derivative of N-methyl pyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate was covalently immobilized on the surface of silica particles to prepare silica-based N-methyl pyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate (SilprMP BF4) stationary phase. The obtained ionic liquid-modified silica was evaluated and confirmed by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. A column was packed with the modified particles. The retention behavior of aromatic compounds, alkyl benzenes, and acidic and basic compounds on the SilprMP BF4 stationary phase was studied under reversed-phase liquid chromatography conditions...
November 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Rebecca J Ward, Adrian H Heald, Seyi Ogunmekan, Anthony A Fryer, Christopher J Duff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Rezvan Talaee, Zohreh Hajheydari, Ahmad Yeganeh Moghaddam, Seyyed Alireza Moraveji, Bentolhoda Fatahi Ravandi
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common inflammatory papulosquamous disease of the skin with unknown aetiology that may be associated with the abnormal T-cell function. AIM: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and their associations with severity of psoriasis in psoriatic patients attending the dermatologic clinic of Shahid Beheshti Teaching Hospital at Kashan, Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional descriptive analytic study, all consecutive patients with psoriasis who referred to the dermatologic clinic at the Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences in Kashan City/ Iran were enrolled...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Seyyed Hossein Pourhosseini, Javad Hadian, Ali Sonboli, Samad Nejad Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hossein Mirjalili
Genetic and the essential oil composition variability among twelve Perovskia abrotanoides populations (PAbPs) growing wild in Iran were assessed by ISSR markers, GC-FID and GC-MS, respectively. Nine selected ISSR primers produced 119 discernible bands, of them 96 (80.7%) being polymorphic. Genetic similarity values among populations ranged between 0.07 and 0.79 which indicated a high level of genetic variation. Polymorphic information content, resolving power and marker index generated by ISSR primers were, 0...
January 19, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Mahlagha Dehghan, Seyyed Hamidreza Alavi, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Hadi Khoshab
In the original version of this article, there is a typo in the family name of the author. The co-author family name should be Seyed Bagheri; instead, it has been published as Seyed bagheri.
January 16, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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