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Seyyed Alireza Golshani, Ziba Ghafouri, Mohammad Ebrahim Zohalinezhad
The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. These affairs were monopolized by women who held this knowledge for centuries...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Zahra Ramezanian, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Darbani, Abdollah Eslami Majd
The effect of self-absorption was investigated on the estimation of surface hardness of Fe-Cr-Ni metallic alloys by the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique. For this purpose, the linear relationship between the ratio of chromium ionic to atomic line intensities (CrII/CrI) and surface hardness was studied, both before and after correcting the self-absorption effect. The correlation coefficient significantly increased from 47% to 90% after self-absorption correction. The results showed the measurements of surface hardness using LIBS can be more accurate and valid by correcting the self-absorption effect...
August 20, 2017: Applied Optics
Mehdi Roshdi Maleki, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Naser Harzandi, Seyyed Reza Moaddab
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have emerged as an important cause of opportunistic nosocomial infections. NTM has frequently been isolated from hospital water distribution systems. The aim of this study was to survey the risk of NTM infections and determine the prevalence of NTM species in the hospital water distribution systems in Tabriz, Iran. One hundred and twenty samples of water from different sources of Tabriz hospitals were collected. The samples were filtered through 0.45-µm pore size membranes and decontaminated with 0...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
William R Taylor, Pascal Schütz, Georg Bergmann, Renate List, Barbara Postolka, Marco Hitz, Jörn Dymke, Philipp Damm, Georg Duda, Hans Gerber, Verena Schwachmeyer, Seyyed Hamed Hosseini Nasab, Adam Trepczynski, Ines Kutzner
Combined knowledge of the functional kinematics and kinetics of the human body is critical for understanding a wide range of biomechanical processes including musculoskeletal adaptation, injury mechanics, and orthopaedic treatment outcome, but also for validation of musculoskeletal models. Until now, however, no datasets that include internal loading conditions (kinetics), synchronized with advanced kinematic analyses in multiple subjects have been available. Our goal was to provide such datasets and thereby foster a new understanding of how in vivo knee joint movement and contact forces are interlinked - and thereby impact biomechanical interpretation of any new knee replacement design...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Mehraneh Mehramiz, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Mohsen Mazidi, Amirhosein Ziaee, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Gordon A Ferns, Fatemeh Moharreri, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern in relation to depression and aggression in adolescent girls. The study was carried out among 580 girls aged between 12 and 18 years of age. DASH scores were determined according to the method of Fung et al. A Persian version of the Beck Depression Inventory and Buss-Perry questionnaire were used for the assessment of depression and aggression. We analysed our data using crude and adjusted models...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Hannaneh Ghafelehbashi, Majid Pahlevan Kakhki, Lara Kular, Sahar Moghbelinejad, Seyyed Hossein Ghafelehbashi
Although aberrant expression of cytokines such as IL-1B and IFNG in blood from psychiatric patients supports a role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of disease, little is known about mechanisms underlying their regulation. We aimed to evaluate the putative role of IFNG-AS1 long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in controlling of IFNG locus in schizophrenia (SZ) and Bipolar (BP) patients. We analyzed the expression levels of IFNG-AS1 long non-coding RNA, and IFNG and IL-1B mRNAs in blood cells from 27 SZ and 30 BP medicated patients and in 32 healthy controls...
October 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Ibrahim Rencuzogullari, Metin Çağdaş, Yavuz Karabağ, Süleyman Karakoyun, Mahmut Yesin, Mustafa O Gürsoy, Sabri Seyis, İnanç Artaç, Doğan İliş, Süleyman Ç Efe, İbrahim H Tanboğa
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in reperfusion strategies, medical therapy, and emergent surgery, cardiac rupture (CR) is still a major lethal complication. Numerous parameters have been found to be associated with CR development after a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). SYNTAX Score (SS) and SYNTAX Score II (SSII) have been studied in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, and higher scores have been associated with higher mortality. However, the relationship between CR and SSII is unclear...
October 12, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
Seyyed Hamid Hashemi, Naeimeh Hashemi, Farzaneh Esna-Ashari, Abbas Taher, Arash Dehghan
OBJECTIVES: Ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT) is a common cause of mortality and morbidity in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical course, etiology, and antimicrobial resistance of bacterial agents of VAT in ICUs in Hamedan, Iran. METHODS: During a 12-month period, all patients with VAT in a medical and a surgical ICU were included. The criteria for the diagnosis of VAT were fever, mucus production, a positive culture of tracheal secretions, and the absence of lung infiltration...
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
Somayeh Javidanpour, Mahin Dianat, Mohammad Badavi, Seyyed Ali Mard
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common cause of hospitalization and high mortality due to lethal arrhythmias. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA)2) and ryanodine receptor (ryanodine receptor (RyR)2) regulate the cytosolic Ca(2+) ion concentration. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is one of the most common caffeic esters in Rosmarinus officinalis. The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis whether RA can protect cardiac function against AMI and arrhythmias induced by isoproterenol through the regulatory effect of SERCA2 and RyR2 gene expression...
October 8, 2017: Free Radical Research
Seyyed Majid Eslami, Maryam Ghasemi, Taraneh Bahremand, Majid Momeny, Mahdi Gholami, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
This study aims to investigate the role of zolpidem in lithium-pilocarpine induced status epilepticus (SE) and probable mechanisms involved in seizure threshold alteration. In the present study, lithium chloride (127mg/kg) was administered 20h prior to pilocarpine (60mg/kg) to induce SE in adult male Wistar rats. Different doses of zolpidem (0.1, 1, 2, 5, 10mg/kg) were injected 30min before pilocarpine administration. Furthermore, to find out whether nitric oxide (NO) plays a role in the observed effect, L-arginine and L-NAME were injected 15min before zolpidem...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Soudabeh Vatankhah, Samira Alirezaei, Omid Khosravizadeh, Seyyed Elmira Mirbahaeddin, Mahtab Alikhani, Mobarakeh Alipanah
BACKGROUND: In today's transforming world, increased productivity and efficient use of existing facilities are practically beyond a choice and become a necessity. In this line, attention to change and transformation is one of the affecting factors on the growth of productivity in organizations, especially in hospitals. AIM: To examine the effect of transformational leadership on the productivity of employees in teaching hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
Seyi D Eletu, Carmen L Sheppard, Elizabeth Thomas, Kenneth Smith, Priya Daniel, David J Litt, Wei Shen Lim, Norman K Fry
Current pneumococcal vaccines cover the most common 10 to 23 serotypes of the 92 presently described. However, with the increased usage of pneumococcal serotype-based vaccines the risk of serotype-replacement and an increase in disease caused by non-vaccine serotypes remains. Serotype surveillance of pneumococcal infection relies heavily on culture techniques, which are known to be insensitive, particularly in non-invasive disease.Pneumococcal serotype-specific urine assays offer an alternative method of serotyping both invasive and non-invasive disease...
October 4, 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
Zahra Pezeshki, Atoosa Khosravi, Mina Nekuei, Samaneh Khoshnood, Elnaz Zandi, Marjan Eslamian, Ardeshir Talebi, Seyyed Nasir-E-Din Emami, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
BACKGROUND: One of the main therapeutic limitations of cisplatin (CP) is nephrotoxicity which is time-dependent. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal timing for initiation of CP toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male and female Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups. All the animals in groups 2-5 received single dose of CP (10 mg/kg; i.p.), and were evaluated 25, 50, 75, and 100 hours after CP administration...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
Mahboobeh Afzali, Jamileh Mokhtari Nouri, Abbas Ebadi, Seyyed Mohamad Khademolhoseyni, Nahid Rejeh
Introduction: Disruptive behaviors are one of the most topics affecting the wellbeing of organizations, therefore, it has become a significant research area. The purpose of this study was to determine experiences and perceptions of nurses who were involved in disruptive behaviors. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted by using a conventional content analysis. The data was obtained through 15 unstructured and in-depth interviews with nurses in six hospitals of Tehran city, Iran. A purposive sampling method was used...
September 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
Tahereh Ashktorab, Shirin Hasanvand, Naemeh Seyedfatemi, Naiire Salmani, Seyyed Vahide Hosseini
Introduction: One of the most important needs of the students to work reliably in the clinical setting is the feeling of belongingness. Understanding and recognizing such a distinguishing feature among students can reduce their stress and tension. The current research aimed at studying the experiences of belongingness among nursing students in clinical settings. Methods: In this conventional content analysis study, 12 nursing students were selected from Lorestan University of Medical Sciences by purposive method...
September 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
Kourosh Taheri Talesh, Reza Movassaghi Gargary, Seyed Ahmad Arta, Javad Yazdani, Monireh Roshandel, Milad Ghanizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Mir Naser Seyyed Mousavi
INTRODUCTION: In oral and maxillofacial surgeries, nasotracheal intubation is carried out to increase the surgeon's access to the oral cavity. During nasotracheal intubation the risk of trauma is higher than that in orotracheal intubation as there is passage of the tube through the mucosa of the nasal tract due to which bacteria might get transported into the trachea. AIM: To evaluate the effect of 2% nasal mupirocin ointment before and after nasotracheal intubation on decreasing the complications of intubation for oral and maxillofacial surgeries...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Seyyed Ali Mard, Ghaidafeh Akbari, Mahin Dianat, Esrafil Mansouri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the comparative protective effects of separate and combined pretreatment with Cr and ZnSO4 on serum levels of miR-122, miR-34a, liver function tests, protein expression of Nrf2 and p53, and histopathological changes following IR-induced hepatic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six male Wistar rats randomly assigned into seven groups (n=8). Sham (S), IR, crocin pretreatment (Cr), and crocin pretreatment+IR (Cr+IR), ZnSO4 pretreatment (ZnSO4), ZnSO4 pretreatment+IR (ZnSO4+IR) and their combination (Cr+ZnSO4+IR) groups...
September 27, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Fatemeh Shobeiri, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Mahnaz Khatiban, Seyyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of Educational program on quality of life (QOL) in menopausal women in 2016 in Hamadan, Iran. METHODS: In this clinical trial study, 100 postmenopausal women were randomly selected and allocated to case and control group (50 per group). Data collection tool included questionnaires of demographic information and Menopause QOL, which were completed by the samples before the intervention. In the case group, education program was run during 5 sessions for 45 to 60 minutes...
August 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Margaret M Mweshi, Seyi L Amosun, Mary P Shilalukey-Ngoma, Esther Munalula-Nkandu, Zuhayr Kafaar
BACKGROUND: Very little is known on outcome measures for children with spina bifida (SB) in Zambia. If rehabilitation professionals managing children with SB in Zambia and other parts of sub-Saharan Africa are to instigate measuring outcomes routinely, a tool has to be made available. The main objective of this study was to develop an appropriate and culturally sensitive instrument for evaluating the impact of the interventions on children with SB in Zambia. METHODS: A mixed design method was used for the study...
2017: Afr J Disabil
Seyyed Mehdi Khoshfetrat, Hasan Bagheri, Masoud A Mehrgardi
A sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) aptasensor for aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) detection by a closed bipolar electrode (BPE) array has been introduced. The thiolated AFM1 aptamer was immobilized on gold nanoparticle-coated magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Apt-GMNPs). Luminol-functionalized silver nanoparticle-decorated graphene oxide (GO-L-AgNPs) participates in π-π interactions with the unpaired bases of the immobilized aptamer (Apt-GMNPs-GO-L-AgNPs). After the Apt-GMNPs-GO-L-AgNPs were introduced to a gold anodic BPE array, the individual electrodes were subjected to different concentrations of AFM1...
September 21, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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