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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328233/long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-neonates-with-hypernatremic-dehydration
#1
Hassan Boskabadi, Javad Akhondian, Maliheh Afarideh, Gholamali Maamouri, Sepideh Bagheri, Seyyed Mostafa Parizadeh, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan, Shabnam Mohammadi, Gordon A A Frens
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypernatremic dehydration (NHD) is a dangerous condition that can lead to severe weight loss, renal impairment, and central nervous system complications. We aimed to evaluate the consequences of NHD in infants in their second year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study in Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Sixty-five healthy breastfed neonates (serum sodium concentration <150 mmol/L) and 65 hypernatremic (serum sodium concentration ≥150 mmol/L) neonates were followed up from 2008 to 2011...
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293862/hemolysis-interference-in-measuring-fish-plasma-biochemical-indicators
#2
Ali Taheri Mirghaed, Melika Ghelichpour, Seyyed Morteza Hoseini, Kourosh Amini
The present study aimed to determine hemolysis interference in measurement of plasma biochemical parameters in fish specimens. For this purpose, blood samples were harvested from 24 Huso huso juveniles. After centrifugation, each plasma sample was divided into seven portions to make seven levels of hemolysis. Hemolysis was induced by addition of different percentages of the corresponding whole blood [0 (non-hemolyzed control group), 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, and 20% of whole blood]. Albumin, total protein, calcium, phosphorus, glucose, sodium, potassium, chloride, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) were measured in different samples...
March 14, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293390/effect-of-sodium-hydrosulfide-on-mrna-expression-of-prostaglandin-e2-receptors-in-response-to-mucosal-acidification-and-distention-induced-gastric-acid-secretion-in-rats
#3
Seyyed Ali Mard, Simin Mahini, Mahin Dianat, Yaghoob Farbood
OBJECTIVES: Prostaglandins have been shown to mediate the gastro-protective effect of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) but effect of NaHS on mRNA expression of prostaglandin E2 receptors (EP1, 3-4; EPs) has not been investigated. Therefore, this study designed to evaluate the effect of NaHS on mRNA expression of EPs receptors in response to mucosal acidification and distention-induced gastric acid secretion in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fasted rats were randomly assigned into 4 groups (n=6/group)...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293047/personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-disorders-factors-as-predictors-of-road-traffic-accidents-based-on-logistic-regression
#4
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Souri, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of variables such as personality traits, driving behavior and mental illness on road traffic accidents among the drivers with accidents and those without road crash. METHODS: In this cohort study, 800 bus and truck drivers were recruited. Participants were selected among drivers who referred to Imam Sajjad Hospital (Tehran, Iran) during 2013-2015. The Manchester driving behavior questionnaire (MDBQ), big five personality test (NEO personality inventory) and semi-structured interview (schizophrenia and affective disorders scale) were used...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287810/evaluation-of-initial-respiratory-support-strategies-in-vlbw-neonates-with-rds
#5
Seyyed Abolfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Maryam Khoshnood Shariati, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Esmaili
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has brought about a significant change in care and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The present study was designed and conducted to evaluate different strategies of initial respiratory support (IRS) in VLBW neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted over three years (March 21, 2011 to March 20, 2014)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287096/blockade-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptors-by-tivozanib-has-potential-anti-tumour-effects-on-human-glioblastoma-cells
#6
Majid Momeny, Farima Moghaddaskho, Narges K Gortany, Hassan Yousefi, Zahra Sabourinejad, Ghazaleh Zarrinrad, Shahab Mirshahvaladi, Haniyeh Eyvani, Farinaz Barghi, Leila Ahmadinia, Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari, Ahmad R Dehpour, Saeid Amanpour, Seyyed M Tavangar, Leila Dardaei, Amir H Emami, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
Glioblastoma (GBM) remains one of the most fatal human malignancies due to its high angiogenic and infiltrative capacities. Even with optimal therapy including surgery, radiotherapy and temozolomide, it is essentially incurable. GBM is among the most neovascularised neoplasms and its malignant progression associates with striking neovascularisation, evidenced by vasoproliferation and endothelial cell hyperplasia. Targeting the pro-angiogenic pathways is therefore a promising anti-glioma strategy. Here we show that tivozanib, a pan-inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors, inhibited proliferation of GBM cells through a G2/M cell cycle arrest via inhibition of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) signalling pathway and down-modulation of Aurora kinases A and B, cyclin B1 and CDC25C...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286811/comparison-of-apache-ii-and-saps-ii-scoring-systems-in-prediction-of-critically-ill-patients-outcome
#7
Hamed Aminiahidashti, Farzad Bozorgi, Seyyed Hosein Montazer, Majid Baboli, Abolfazl Firouzian
INTRODUCTION: Using physiologic scoring systems for identifying high-risk patients for mortality has been considered recently. This study was designed to evaluate the values of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiologic Score (SAPS II) models in prediction of 1-month mortality of critically ill patients. METHODS: The present prospective cross sectional study was performed on critically ill patients presented to emergency department during 6 months...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282603/nicotine-can-modulate-the-effects-of-the-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-neutrophils
#8
Samira Pourtayeb, Seyyed Meysam Abtahi Froushani
PURPOSE: It has been revealed that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) express some of the nicotinic receptor subunits. Moreover, the crosstalk between MSCs and neutrophils is not far-fetched. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to determine the role of nicotine on the effects of MSCs on neutrophils. METHODS: After the isolation of mesenchymal stem cells from the bone marrow of rats, these cells were pulsed with different concentrations of nicotine (0, 0.1, 0.5, and 1μM) for different periods (24, 48, and 72h)...
March 7, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280794/the-putative-effects-of-d-aspartic-acid-on-blood-testosterone-levels-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Farzad Roshanzamir, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: D-Aspartic acid (D-Asp) is in invertebrate and vertebrate neuroendocrine tissues, where it carries out important physiological functions. Recently, it has been reported that D-Asp is involved in the synthesis and release of testosterone and is assumed can be used as a testosterone booster for infertile men, and by athletes to increase muscle mass and strength. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to summarize available evidence related to the effects of D-Asp on serum testosterone levels...
January 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278010/the-effect-of-valerian-on-the-severity-and-frequency-of-hot-flashes-a-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Ensiyeh Jenabi, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Seyyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
Valerian is one of the most widely used herbal supplements and a phytoestrogenic herb. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Valerian on the severity and frequency of hot flashes. This triple-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted during a three-month period in Hamadan, Iran, in 60 postmenopausal women aged 45-55 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups- either placebo or Valerian. An oral Valerian 530 mg capsule was given twice per day for two months...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273340/evaluation-of-the-associations-between-childhood-asthma-and-prenatal-and-perinatal-factors
#11
Maryam Kashanian, Seyyedeh Samaneh Mohtashami, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Seyyed Ali Javad Moosavi, Maziar Moradi Lakeh
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatal and perinatal risk factors for childhood asthma. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was undertaken among children aged 7-14 years in Tehran, Iran, between March 2009 and November 2014. Data for children with asthma (Iranian nationality, non-smoking parents, and middle-class socioeconomic status) were compared with those for an equal number of age- and sex-matched non-asthmatic children. Prenatal and perinatal risk factors were evaluated via complete data sheets of maternal pregnancy and delivery...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270650/successful-treatment-of-severe-metabolic-acidosis-due-to-acute-aluminum-phosphide-poisoning-with-peritoneal-dialysis-a-report-of-2-cases
#12
Bahman Bashardoust, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Afshin Habibzadeh, Mir Salim Seyyed Sadeghi
Aluminum phosphide poisoning is common in our region. It can cause severe metabolic acidosis and persistent hypotension, which lead to cardiogenic shock and subsequently mortality. Oliguric or anuric acute kidney injury is seen in almost all patients with aluminum phosphide poisoning. Renal replacement therapies are recommended in these patients to improve metabolic acidosis and increase the rate of survival. We report 2 cases of severe acute aluminum phosphide poisoning treated successfully with peritoneal dialysis...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268318/extracting-remote-photoplethysmogram-signal-from-endoscopy-videos-for-vessel-and-capillary-density-recognition
#13
Seyyed Hamed Fouladi, Ilangko Balasingham, Kimmo Kansanen, Tor Audun Ramstad
In this paper, we propose a new feature for finding lesions in gastrointestinal tissues. Polyps or cancerous parts have different capillary pattern compared with normal parts. There are polyps which have higher density of vessel or capillary pattern. This feature leads us to extract remote photoplethysmogram signal from different parts of videos from gastrointestinal tissue. Due to the fact that hemoglobin absorbs more light than surrounding tissues, more changes are expected to be observed in the parts with higher density of vessels and capillaries...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258490/relationship-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-cases-seen-in-eastern-black-sea-region-with-meteorological-changes
#14
Mustafa Esat Yamac, Sami Karapolat, Atila Turkyilmaz, Kubra Nur Seyis, Celal Tekinbas
The relationship of climate changes or weather conditions with the incidence of pneumothorax has been explored for many years. We aimed at revealing the effects of meteorological changes on the incidence of pneumothorax in the Eastern Black Sea region where spontaneous pneumothorax cases are seen relatively more frequently. The records of 195 subjects (179 males and 16 females) who had been monitored and treated due to spontaneous pneumothorax between January 2006 and December 2012 at our clinic were reviewed retrospectively, and their relationship was investigated with the meteorological data obtained by going through the database archive records of the 11th Regional Meteorology Directorate for the years between 2006 and 2012...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256792/the-effect-of-increasing-the-pore-size-of-nanofibrous-scaffolds-on-the-osteogenic-cell-culture-using-a-combination-of-sacrificial-agent-electrospinning-and-ultrasonication
#15
Mahdiyeh Aghajanpoor, Sameereh Hashemi-Najafabadi, Mohamadreza Baghaban-Eslaminejad, Fatemeh Bagheri, Seyyed Mohammad Mousavi, Foruogh Azam Sayyahpour
One of the major problems associated with the electrospun scaffolds is their small pore size, which limits the cellular infiltration for bone tissue engineering. In this study, the effect of increasing the pore size on cellular infiltration was studied in poly‌caprolactone (PCL)/nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) electrospun scaffolds, which were modified using ultrasonication, co-electrospinning with poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO), and a combination of both. Ultrasonic process was optimized by central composite design (CCD)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253925/evidence-of-metabolic-mechanisms-playing-a-role-in-multiple-insecticides-resistance-in-anopheles-stephensi-populations-from-afghanistan
#16
REVIEW
Noor Halim Zahid Safi, Abdul Ali Ahmadi, Sami Nahzat, Seyyed Payman Ziapour, Seyed Hassan Nikookar, Mahmoud Fazeli-Dinan, Ahmadali Enayati, Janet Hemingway
BACKGROUND: Malaria is endemic in most parts of Afghanistan and insecticide-based vector control measures are central in controlling the disease. Insecticide resistance in the main malaria vector Anopheles stephensi from Afghanistan is increasing and attempts should be made to determine the underlying resistance mechanisms for its adequate management. METHODS: The contents of cytochrome P450s, esterases, glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and acetylcholine esterase (AChE) activities were measured in the Kunar and Nangarhar populations of An...
March 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238569/guideline-adherent-therapy-for-stroke-prevention-in-atrial-fibrillation-in-different-health-care-settings-results-from-ramses-study
#17
Özcan Başaran, Volkan Dogan, Murat Biteker, Fatma Özpamuk Karadeniz, Ahmet İlker Tekkesin, Yasin Çakıllı, Ceyhan Türkkan, Mehmet Hamidi, Vahit Demir, Mustafa Ozan Gürsoy, Müjgan Tek Öztürk, Gökhan Aksan, Sabri Seyis, Mehmet Ballı, Mehmet Hayri Alıcı, Serdar Bozyel, Cevat Kırma
OBJECTIVE: No studies have been conducted in Turkey to compare the quality of stroke prevention therapies provided in different healthcare settings in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate possible differences between secondary (SH) and tertiary hospital (TH) settings in the effectiveness of implementing AF treatment strategies. METHODS: Baseline characteristics of 6273 patients with non-valvular AF enrolled in the RAMSES (ReAl-life Multicentre Survey Evaluating Stroke Prevention Strategies in Turkey) study were compared...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231371/efficacy-of-intralipid-infusion-in-reducing-amphotericin-b-associated-nephrotoxicity-in-head-and-neck-invasive-fungal-infection-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mehrdad Hasibi, Sirous Jafari, Seyyed Ali Manshadi, Marjan Asadollahi, Mohammadreza Salehi, Varasteh Vakili Zarch, Ali Kouhi
Amphotericin B deoxycholate (ABD) is the best therapeutic agent available for the treatment of most systemic fungal infections. However, some untoward adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity may limit its appropriate therapeutic use. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial ofthe infusion of fat emulsion (Intralipid) shortly after the infusion of ABD to evaluate its effects on reducing ABD-associated nephrotoxicity. Our patient population was made up of 31 patients who were randomized into two groups: an intervention group (n = 16) and a control group (15 patients)...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230290/a3-adenosine-receptor-agonist-inhibited-survival-of-breast-cancer-stem-cells-via-gli-1-and-erk1-2-pathway
#19
Seyyed Mehdi Jafari, Mojtaba Panjehpour, Mahmoud Aghaei, Hamid Reza Joshaghani, Seyed Ehsan Enderami
Numerous studies have demonstrated the role of A3 adenosine receptor (A3AR) and signaling pathways in the multiple aspects of the tumor. However, there is a little study about the function of A3AR in the biological processes of cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs have a critical role in the maintenance and survival of breast cancer. The aim of current study was to investigate the effect of A3AR agonist on breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). XTT assay showed antiprolierative effect of A3AR agonist (Cl-IB-MECA) on BCSCs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226479/extracting-remote-photoplethysmogram-signal-from-endoscopy-videos-for-vessel-and-capillary-density-recognition
#20
Seyyed Hamed Fouladi, Ilangko Balasingham, Kimmo Kansanen, Tor Audun Ramstad, Seyyed Hamed Fouladi, Ilangko Balasingham, Kimmo Kansanen, Tor Audun Ramstad, Seyyed Hamed Fouladi, Ilangko Balasingham, Kimmo Kansanen, Tor Audun Ramstad
In this paper, we propose a new feature for finding lesions in gastrointestinal tissues. Polyps or cancerous parts have different capillary pattern compared with normal parts. There are polyps which have higher density of vessel or capillary pattern. This feature leads us to extract remote photoplethysmogram signal from different parts of videos from gastrointestinal tissue. Due to the fact that hemoglobin absorbs more light than surrounding tissues, more changes are expected to be observed in the parts with higher density of vessels and capillaries...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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