keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Menopause cardiovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803675/the-yale-fitness-intervention-trial-in-female-cancer-survivors-cardiovascular-and-physiological-outcomes
#1
M Tish Knobf, Sangchoon Jeon, Barbara Smith, Lyndsay Harris, Siobhan Thompson, Mitchel R Stacy, Karl Insogna, Albert J Sinusas
BACKGROUND: Induced premature menopause and cardio-toxic therapy increase cardiovascular disease risk in female cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a 12 month aerobic-resistance fitness center intervention to home based physical activity on cardiovascular function and metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Subjects (N = 154) who had completed primary and/or adjuvant chemotherapy (past 3 years) were randomized to a fitness center intervention or a home based group...
August 10, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801526/an-update-on-hormone-therapy-in-postmenopausal-women-mini-review-for-the-basic-scientist
#2
Virginia M Miller, S Mitchell Harman
The worlds of observational, clinical and basic science collided in 2002 with the publication of results of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a large scale, prospective, blinded, randomized-controlled trial designed to provide evidence regarding use of hormone treatment to prevent cardiovascular disease in menopausal women. The results of the WHI dramatically changed clinical practice, negatively impacted funding for hormone research and left scientists to unravel the "why" of the results. Now over a decade and a half since the initial publication of the WHI results, basic and clinical scientists often do not interpret the results of the WHI with the precision needed to move the science forward...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766735/relationship-between-tooth-loss-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-women
#3
Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Kenneth J Mukamal, Jennifer K Pai, Walter Willett, Kaumudi J Joshipura
AIM: We assessed the longitudinal association between tooth loss and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) within the Nurses' Health Study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After excluding participants with prior cardiovascular diseases, 277 out of 79,680 women were confirmed as PAD cases during 16-years of follow-up. Number of teeth and recent tooth loss were reported initially in 1992. Subsequent tooth loss was recorded in 1996 and in 2000. We evaluated the associations of baseline number of teeth and recent tooth loss with risk of PAD, adjusting for age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, aspirin use, family history of myocardial infarction, BMI, alcohol consumption, physical activity, post-menopausal hormone use, and use of vitamin E, vitamin D, multivitamin, and calcium...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766479/an-hplc-method-for-the-determination-of-isoflavones-and-the-evaluation-of-their-antioxidant-capacity-in-both-homogeneous-and-microheterogeneous-systems
#4
Guillermo Montero, Germán Günther, Karina Valdés, Francisco Arriagada, Javier Morales
In this work, we developed an HPLC method to simultaneously quantify and hence evaluate the stability, distribution, and antioxidant capacity of six isoflavones: genistein, genistin, daidzein, daidzin, glycitin, and biochanin A. Isoflavones have been described as having an important estrogenic activity to treat menopausal symptoms and can reduce postmenopausal bone loss and also participate in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. These beneficial properties are believed derived from their capacity to act as free-radical scavengers...
August 2, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765779/effects-of-folic-acid-supplementation-on-serum-homocysteine-levels-lipid-profiles-and-vascular-parameters-in-post-menopausal-korean-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Aswathy Vijayakumar, Eun-Kyung Kim, Hyesook Kim, Young Ju Choi, Kap Bum Huh, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Complications of diabetes, such as cardiovascular disease, are associated with increased mortality among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Homocysteine has been recently identified as a predictor of cardiovascular disease-related complications in diabetes. We investigated whether or not supplementation with folic acid tablets can lower homocysteine levels and improve parameters related with vascular complications. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a non-randomized 8-week trial involving postmenopausal diabetic women (n = 25) supplemented with 800 µg of folic acid (400 µg twice a day) daily...
August 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763398/cardiovascular-fat-in-women-at-midlife-effects-of-race-overall-adiposity-and-central-adiposity-the-swan-cardiovascular-fat-study
#6
Carrie Hanley, Karen A Matthews, Maria M Brooks, Imke Janssen, Matthew J Budoff, Akira Sekikawa, Suresh Mulukutla, Samar R El Khoudary
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular fat (CF) is associated with greater coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Postmenopausal women have greater CF volumes than premenopausal women, and the association between specific CF depot volumes and CHD risk is more pronounced after menopause. Race, central adiposity, and visceral adiposity are important factors that could impact CF volumes. Whether racial differences in CF volumes and in their associations with central (visceral fat [VAT]) and general adiposity (body mass index [BMI]) exist in midlife women have not been addressed before...
July 31, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736253/selective-er-%C3%AE-agonist-alleviates-vascular-endothelial-dysfunction-in-ovariectomized-type-2-diabetic-rats
#7
Seema Bansal, Kanwaljit Chopra
Postmenopausal diabetic women represent a specific risk group with a greater incidence of vascular deficits as compared with age-matched men or non-diabetic women. 17β-estradiol is the mainstay therapy for menopause and associated complications; however, its vasculoprotective effect is lost in women with diabetes. Although, exact mechanism of dichotomous effect of estrogen has not been delineated but it may be due to, differential activation of ER-α and β during disease conditions such as diabetes. Thus main objective of our study was to characterize the specific estrogen receptor which could be selectively targeted to achieve vasculoprotection in postmenopausal diabetic situation...
July 20, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721126/the-thyroid-gland-in-postmenopausal-women-physiology-and-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Małgorzata Gietka-Czernel
The incidence of most thyroid diseases: hypothyroidism, nodular goitre, and cancer is highest among postmenopausal and elderly women. The diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction in this group of patients is difficult because the symptoms can be nonspecific or common with menopausal and ageing complaints. In the interpretation of thyroid function tests the physiological changes in secretion and metabolism of thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid hormones must be considered, as well as the influence of comorbidities. Unrecognised thyroid dysfunction leads to increased: cardiovascular risk, bone fractures, cognitive impairment, depression, and mortality...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711080/menopause-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Sofia B Ahmed
Premature menopause defined as secondary amenorrhea is common in women with kidney disease. Moreover, the aging population has resulted in increasing numbers of postmenopausal women with kidney disease. Though the pathophysiology is poorly understood, kidney transplantation and more frequent hemodialysis can restore menses and fertility, highlighting the challenges of diagnosing and managing the menopausal transition in the female population with kidney disease. Postmenopausal sex hormone levels affect renovascular physiology, but the clinical impact of menopause on kidney function is unclear...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697037/the-association-of-surgical-versus-natural-menopause-with-future-left-ventricular-structure-and-function-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#10
Duke Appiah, Pamela J Schreiner, Chike C Nwabuo, Melissa F Wellons, Cora E Lewis, Joao A Lima
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between surgical menopause (SM) versus natural menopause (NM) in relation to later left ventricular (LV) structure and function, while taking into account the LV parameters and other cardiovascular disease risk factor (CVDRF) levels that predate the menopausal transition. METHODS: We studied 825 premenopausal women from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study in 1990 to 1991 (baseline, mean age 32 years) who later reached menopause by 2010 to 2011 and had echocardiograms at these two time points...
July 10, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686517/clinical-update-osteoporosis-management
#11
Pelin Batur, Sheila Rice, Paola Barrios, Andrea Sikon
The clinical update serves as a brief review of recently published, high-impact, and potentially practice changing journal articles summarized for our readers. Topics include menopause, sexual dysfunction, breast health, contraception, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. In this clinical update, we selected recent publications relevant to osteoporosis management. We highlight articles on the safety of long-term use of denosumab and bisphosphonates, fracture risk after discontinuing menopausal hormone therapy, calcium intake and cardiovascular risk, as well as the value of repeat dual X-ray absorptiometry scanning to monitor those on osteoporosis treatment...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664754/safety-and-benefit-considerations-for-menopausal-hormone-therapy
#12
REVIEW
James H Pickar, David F Archer, Risa Kagan, JoAnn V Pinkerton, Hugh S Taylor
While benefits and risks of hormone therapy (HT) have been shown in rigorous randomized, controlled trials, clinical use and further study have discovered effects of age, time of HT initiation, and differential effects of various regimens and administration routes on its safety profile. Areas covered: The safety of HT with regard to cardiovascular disease, thrombosis, the endometrium, the breast, and cognition was reviewed. Differential safety effects of estradiol versus conjugated equine estrogens, and progesterone versus synthetic progestins are reported...
August 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662351/the-emerging-role-of-curcumin-for-improving-vascular-dysfunction-a-review
#13
Marilyn S Campbell, Bradley S Fleenor
Curcumin, when administered in a bioavailable form, has potential to influence vascular health of various populations, leading to decreases in cardiovascular disease risk. Clinical intervention studies with curcumin have demonstrated significant improvements in endothelial function, arterial compliance, arterial stiffness, and other measures of vascular hemodynamics in young, middle-aged, old, post-menopausal, healthy, diabetic, and obese individuals. Mechanistically, curcumin is believed to improve vascular function through its effects on inflammation, oxidative stress, nitric oxide bioavailability, and structural proteins of the artery...
June 29, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649100/-aging-and-homeostasis-sex-hormones-and-aging
#14
Keizo Ohnaka
The decline in sex hormones along with aging is suggested to be involved in age-associated diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and dementia. The decrease of estrogen level after menopause is related to osteoporosis in addition to climacteric disturbance in women, while that of testosterone to sarcopenia, osteoporosis and late-onset hypogonadism in men. New treatment strategy is expected for targeting age-associated diseases against the decreased level of sex hormones.
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646476/the-relationship-between-circulating-adiponectin-leptin-and-vaspin-with-bone-mineral-density-bmd-arterial-calcification-and-stiffness-a-cross-sectional-study-in-post-menopausal-women
#15
N Tanna, K Patel, A E Moore, D Dulnoan, S Edwards, G Hampson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between circulating adiponectin, leptin and vaspin with bone mineral density (BMD), arterial stiffness and vascular calcification in post-menopausal women. We hypothesised that adipokines produced by adipose tissue may be mediators of bone and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and explain, in part, the observed association between osteoporosis and CVD. DESIGN: We studied 386 ambulant community dwelling postmenopausal women aged (mean [SD] 61 [6...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622476/the-effect-of-transdermal-estrogen-patch-use-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#16
Prema Bezwada, Atif Shaikh, Deepika Misra
BACKGROUND: Vasomotor symptoms are the most commonly reported menopausal symptoms. Hormone therapy has been widely used to relieve postmenopausal symptoms. With studies suggesting an increased risk of cardiovascular events and breast cancer with oral hormone therapy use, there has been reluctance to use it. The transdermal estrogen patch provides relief from menopausal symptoms. However, there are limited data on mortality and cardiovascular outcomes, while on the transdermal estrogen patch...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620545/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-women-with-self-reported-infertility
#17
Shruthi Mahalingaiah, Fangui Sun, J Jojo Cheng, Erika T Chow, Kathryn L Lunetta, Joanne M Murabito
BACKGROUND: Amongst women with certain types of ovulatory disorder infertility, the studies are conflicting whether there is an increased risk of long-term cardiovascular disease risk. This paper evaluates the associations of several CVD risk factors among Framingham women with self-reported infertility. METHODS: Women who completed the Framingham Heart Study Third Generation and Omni Cohort 2 Exam 2 (2008-2011), and reported on past history of infertility and current cardiovascular disease status were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584559/schisandrae-fructus-reduces-symptoms-of-4-vinylcyclohexene-diepoxide-induced-ovarian-failure-in-mice
#18
Dasom Shin, Jinhee Ha, Seong Bin Hong, Geun-Hyung Kang, Deok-Sang Hwang, Hyunsu Bae
Menopause is associated with a decrease in the level of sex hormones such as ovarian estradiol and progesterone and can cause various symptoms such as depression, hot flash, fatigue, heart palpitations, and headache. Furthermore, there is a risk of developing complications such as osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's disease, and ovarian cancer. Schisandrae Fructus (SF) is widely used in Korean medicine as a cure for such complications. This study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic effects of SF against menopause symptoms associated with follicle depletion caused by the industrial chemical 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) in mice...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552254/a-study-of-chronic-fatigue-in-norwegian-cervical-cancer-survivors
#19
REVIEW
Rita Steen, Alv A Dahl, Siri Lothe Hess, Cecilie E Kiserud
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue after treatment is a common adverse event in cancer patients, but there are few studies in long-term survivors of cervical cancer. The aim of this investigation was to explore the prevalence of chronic fatigue and its association with various clinical and treatment-related factors in a population-based cohort of Norwegian cervical cancer survivors treated by any modality. METHODS: All patients, treated for cervical cancer from 2000 through 2007 in the Health Region of South-Eastern Norway, cancer-free, alive and aged ≤75years by the end 2013 (n=822) received a questionnaire covering chronic fatigue and other clinical variables...
May 25, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551920/-women-s-cardiac-health-from-theory-to-activism
#20
REVIEW
Avital Porter
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the western world, in both genders. Although awareness of the importance of prevention, diagnosis and optimal treatment of CVD has risen in general, most women are not fully aware of their CVD risk. Moreover, women are not alert to the burden of risk in their reproductive years (e.g. complicated pregnancy and/or peri-menopausal period) and their impact on future CVD. Unique Female issues such as: fertile age, menopause, oral contraceptives, hormonal and metabolic disorders during pregnancy, labor, as well as psychological matters, and healthy life-style are major contributors to primary and secondary prevention of CVD...
April 2017: Harefuah
keyword
keyword
77961
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"