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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933180/serum-levels-of-immunoglobulins-and-severity-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#1
Mari C de la Torre, Pere Torán, Mateu Serra-Prat, Elisabet Palomera, Estel Güell, Ester Vendrell, Joan Carles Yébenes, Antoni Torres, Jordi Almirall
INSTRUCTION: There is evidence of a relationship between severity of infection and inflammatory response of the immune system. The objective is to assess serum levels of immunoglobulins and to establish its relationship with severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and clinical outcome. METHODS: This was an observational and cross-sectional study in which 3 groups of patients diagnosed with CAP were compared: patients treated in the outpatient setting (n=54), patients requiring in-patient care (hospital ward) (n=173), and patients requiring admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) (n=191)...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932119/oncological-evaluation-by-positron-emission-tomography-circulating-tumor-cells-and-alpha-fetoprotein-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-on-the-waiting-list-for-liver-transplantation
#2
P Ramirez, L Sáenz, P A Cascales-Campos, M R González Sánchez, E Llàcer-Millán, M I Sánchez-Lorencio, E Díaz-Rubio, V De La Orden, B Mediero-Valeros, J L Navarro, B Revilla Nuin, A Baroja-Mazo, J A Noguera-Velasco, B F Sánchez, J de la Peña, J A Pons-Miñano, F Sánchez-Bueno, R Robles-Campos, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study are the determination of the number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), by means of the IsoFlux enrichment system (Fluxion Biosciences Inc, San Francisco, California, United States) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in compliance with the Milan criteria and on the waiting list for hepatic transplantation, as well as the study of its relation with the of α-fetoprotein levels (AFP) and positron-emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) findings...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932050/icu-telemedicine-program-financial-outcomes
#3
Craig M Lilly, Christine Motzkus, Teresa Rincon, Shawn E Cody, Karen Landry, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) telemedicine improves access to high quality critical care, has substantial costs, and can change financial outcomes. Detailed information about financial outcomes and their trends over time following tele-ICU implementation and after the addition of logistic center function has not been published. METHODS: Primary data were collected for consecutive adult patients of a single academic medical center. We compared clinical and financial outcomes across 3 groups that differed with regard to telemedicine support: a group without tele-ICU support (Pre-ICU intervention group), a group with tele-ICU support (ICU Telemedicine group) and a tele-ICU group with added logistical center functions and support for quality care standardization (Logistic Center Group)...
December 5, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929675/imaging-surveillance-in-patients-after-a-benign-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-of-the-thyroid-associated-cost-and-incidence-of-subsequent-cancer
#4
David J S Becker-Weidman, Neil Malhotra, David F Reilly, Naveen Selvam, Laurence Parker, Levon N Nazarian
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine patterns and cost of imaging tumor surveillance in patients after a benign fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of the thyroid in a large teaching hospital as well as the rate of subsequent cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study was approved by the appropriate institutional review board and complied with HIPAA. All patients who had a benign thyroid FNA biopsy between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2003, were identified from an institutional pathology database...
December 8, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928477/health-related-quality-of-life-and-health-utility-values-in-beta-thalassemia-major-patients-receiving-different-types-of-iron-chelators-in-iran
#5
Meysam Seyedifar, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Majid Naderi, Hossein Karami, Mehran Karimi, Masoomeh Fadaiyrayeny, Masoumeh Musavi, Sanaz Safaei, Mohammad Mahdi Ahmadian-Attari, Molouk Hadjibabaie, Abdol Majid Cheraghali, Ali Akbari Sari
Background: Thalassemia is a chronic, inherited blood disorder, which in its most severe form, causes life-threatening anemia. Thalassemia patients not only engage with difficulties of blood transfusion and iron chelating therapy but also have some social challenges and health threatening factors. There are some reports on quality of life in thalassemia patients around the world from southeast of Asia to Italy in Europe and United States. In this study, we tried to evaluate and compare Health Related Quality of life (HRQoL) and the health utility in beta thalassemia major patients receiving different types of iron chelators and living in different socio-economical situations...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928099/evaluation-of-the-accuracy-and-precision-of-four-intraoral-scanners-with-70-reduced-inlay-and-four-unit-bridge-models-of-international-standard
#6
Soo-Hyuk Uhm, Jae-Hong Kim, Heng Bo Jiang, Chang-Woo Woo, Minho Chang, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Ji-Myung Bae, Seunghan Oh
The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of 70% reduced inlay and 4-unit bridge models of International Standard (ISO 12836) assessing the accuracy of laboratory scanners to measure the accuracy of intraoral scanner. Four intraoral scanners (CS3500, Trios, Omnicam, and Bluecam) and one laboratory scanner (Ceramill MAP400) were used in this study. The height, depth, length, and angle of the models were measured from thirty scanned stereolithography (STL) images. There were no statistically significant mean deviations in distance accuracy and precision values of scanned images, except the angulation values of the inlay and 4-unit bridge models...
December 6, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927637/options-for-basing-dietary-reference-intakes-dris-on-chronic-disease-endpoints-report-from-a-joint-us-canadian-sponsored-working-group
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Yetley, Amanda J MacFarlane, Linda S Greene-Finestone, Cutberto Garza, Jamy D Ard, Stephanie A Atkinson, Dennis M Bier, Alicia L Carriquiry, William R Harlan, Dale Hattis, Janet C King, Daniel Krewski, Deborah L O'Connor, Ross L Prentice, Joseph V Rodricks, George A Wells
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are used in Canada and the United States in planning and assessing diets of apparently healthy individuals and population groups. The approaches used to establish DRIs on the basis of classical nutrient deficiencies and/or toxicities have worked well. However, it has proved to be more challenging to base DRI values on chronic disease endpoints; deviations from the traditional framework were often required, and in some cases, DRI values were not established for intakes that affected chronic disease outcomes despite evidence that supported a relation...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926616/passion-for-leisure-activity-contributes-to-pain-experiences-during-rehabilitation
#8
Anne Courbalay, Thomas Deroche, Britton Brewer
The primary aim of this study was to determine whether the levels of obsessive passion (OP) and harmonious passion for a suspended leisure activity contribute to pain catastrophizing and pain intensity in patients undergoing the rehabilitation process. The secondary aim was to examine whether the levels of passion associated with a maintained leisure activity offset the contribution of having a leisure activity suspended to pain intensity and catastrophizing. Ninety-one outpatients from functional rehabilitation units (Mage=37, SD=13...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919333/radiation-and-cataract-risk-impact-of-recent-epidemiologic-studies-on-icrp-judgments
#9
Roy E Shore
In its 2012 report on tissue reactions, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) made several key assumptions regarding radiation risk to the lens of the eye, including that radiation-related minor opacities will progress to become vision-impairing cataracts, that protracted irradiation confers as much risk per unit dose as an acute exposure, and that there is a dose threshold for cataract effects at about 0.5Gy. The few studies available provide only limited support for the ICRP assumption that radiation-related minor opacities are predictive of vision-impairing cataracts; further longitudinal data are clearly needed...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918902/development-of-an-intensive-care-unit-resource-assessment-survey-for-the-care-of-critically-ill-patients-in-resource-limited-settings
#10
Aleksandra Leligdowicz, Satish Bhagwanjee, Janet V Diaz, Wei Xiong, John C Marshall, Robert A Fowler, Neill Kj Adhikari
PURPOSE: Capacity to provide critical care in resource-limited settings is poorly understood because of lack of data about resources available to manage critically ill patients. Our objective was to develop a survey to address this issue. METHODS: We developed and piloted a cross-sectional self-administered survey in 9 resource-limited countries. The survey consisted of 8 domains; specific items within domains were modified from previously developed survey tools...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918774/cost-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-moisturization-for-atopic-dermatitis
#11
Shuai Xu, Supriya Immaneni, Gordon B Hazen, Jonathan I Silverberg, Amy S Paller, Peter A Lio
Importance: Emerging evidence suggests that the use of moisturizers on newborns and infants (ie, from birth to 6 months of age) is potentially helpful in preventing the development of atopic dermatitis. Objective: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of using a daily moisturizer as prevention against atopic dermatitis among high-risk newborns. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a cost-effectiveness analysis, the average cost of total-body moisturization using 7 common moisturizers from birth to 6 months of age was determined for male and female infants...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917799/effect-of-one-unit-blood-donation-on-appetite-related-biomarkers
#12
Husamettin Erdamar, Muzaffer Cakmak
PURPOSE: It is commonly reported that blood donation (BD) leads to an increase in appetite. To investigate this claim, a questionnaire was offered to 306 people who had a history of BD at least once in their life. Following a positive outcome from the questionnaire, we further investigated the impact of BD on appetite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire study consists of a 5-question survey with VAS was performed on 399 volunteers. Later, 108 volunteers were enrolled in a laboratory study...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917566/perioperative-hypothermia-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-patients-effectiveness-of-a-thermoregulation-intervention-and-associated-risk-factors
#13
Branden M Engorn, Stephanie L Kahntroff, Karen M Frank, Sarabdeep Singh, Helen A Harvey, Charles T Barkulis, Annika M Barnett, Olamide O Olambiwonnu, Eugenie S Heitmiller, Robert S Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia in neonatal intensive care unit patients is associated with morbidity. Perioperative normothermia is the standard of care. AIMS: We hypothesized that a quality improvement intervention (transport protocol, transport education, ongoing monitoring) would decrease the incidence of perioperative hypothermia. Secondarily, we hypothesized that patients undergoing surgery at a postmenstrual age of <37 weeks or at a weight of <1.5 kg would be at higher risk for perioperative hypothermia...
December 5, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917112/reproducibility-and-reliability-of-quantitative-and-weighted-t1-and-t2-%C3%A2-mapping-for-myelin-based-cortical-parcellation-at-7-tesla
#14
Roy A M Haast, Dimo Ivanov, Elia Formisano, Kâmil Uludaǧ
Different magnetic resonance (MR) parameters, such as R1 (=1/T1) or T2(∗), have been used to visualize non-invasively the myelin distribution across the cortical sheet. Myelin contrast is consistently enhanced in the primary sensory and some higher order cortical areas (such as MT or the cingulate cortex), which renders it suitable for subject-specific anatomical cortical parcellation. However, no systematic comparison has been performed between the previously proposed MR parameters, i.e., the longitudinal and transversal relaxation values (or their ratios), for myelin mapping at 7 Tesla...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916817/real-time-classification-of-patients-with-balance-disorders-vs-normal-subjects-using-a-low-cost-small-wireless-wearable-gait-sensor
#15
Bhargava Teja Nukala, Taro Nakano, Amanda Rodriguez, Jerry Tsay, Jerry Lopez, Tam Q Nguyen, Steven Zupancic, Donald Y C Lie
Gait analysis using wearable wireless sensors can be an economical, convenient and effective way to provide diagnostic and clinical information for various health-related issues. In this work, our custom designed low-cost wireless gait analysis sensor that contains a basic inertial measurement unit (IMU) was used to collect the gait data for four patients diagnosed with balance disorders and additionally three normal subjects, each performing the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI) tests while wearing the custom wireless gait analysis sensor (WGAS)...
November 29, 2016: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916129/application-of-a-macrocyclic-compound-bambus-6-uril-in-tailor-made-liquid-membranes-for-highly-selective-electromembrane-extractions-of-inorganic-anions
#16
Andrea Šlampová, Vladimír Šindelář, Pavel Kubáň
A tailor-made liquid membrane consisting of a resistive organic solvent (nitrobenzene, NB) and a highly selective non-ionic macrocyclic compound (bambus[6]uril, BU6) was employed for electromembrane extraction (EME) of inorganic anions. BU6 facilitates strong host-guest interactions of its internal cavity with selected inorganic anions only and its presence in the liquid membrane ensured excellent selectivity of the EME process. EME transfers were directly related to association constants between BU6 and inorganic anions and nearly absolute selectivity was achieved for EMEs of iodide, bromide and perchlorate...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913972/in-hospital-diagnosis-of-sleep-apnea-in-stroke-patients-using-a-portable-acoustic-device
#17
Clodagh M Ryan, Kelly Wilton, T Douglas Bradley, Hisham Alshaer
PURPOSE: Sleep apnea (SA) is highly prevalent in post-stroke patients. Due to physical disability and relative inaccessibility of polysomnography (PSG) to test for SA, patients with stroke frequently remain undiagnosed and untreated. Portable SA monitoring can facilitate at-home or in-hospital testing for SA. However, portable SA monitoring is not recommended in those with complex medical conditions, such as stroke, due to the lack of validation of portable monitoring in such patients...
December 2, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913958/the-effect-of-mass-transfer-parameterization-and-ice-retention-on-the-scavenging-and-redistribution-of-so2-by-a-deep-convective-cloud
#18
Vladan Vučković, Dragana Vujović
A chemistry module with the aqueous chemistry coupled with the complex 3D nonhydrostatic atmospheric model is used to investigate how the representation of gas-aqueous mass transfer and ice retention affect the SO2 redistribution in the presence of a convective cloud. Gas uptake to the liquid water is calculated using both Henry's law equilibrium (HE) and kinetic mass transport (KMT). The constant retention coefficients for SO2 (k ret = 0.46) and for H2O2 (k ret = 0.64) are used. It is shown that the amount of SO2 in the air at higher altitudes (10-12 km) is greater when partial retention (PR) is included...
December 2, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911928/%C3%AE-glucans-and-resistant-starch-alter-the-fermentation-of-recalcitrant-fibers-in-growing-pigs
#19
Sonja de Vries, Walter J J Gerrits, Mirjam A Kabel, Thava Vasanthan, Ruurd T Zijlstra
Interactions among dietary ingredients are often assumed non-existent when evaluating the nutritive value and health effects of dietary fiber. Specific fibers can distinctly affect digestive processes; therefore, digestibility and fermentability of the complete diet may depend on fiber types present. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of readily fermentable fibers (β-glucans and resistant starch) on the degradation of feed ingredients containing more persistent, recalcitrant, fibers. Six semi-synthetic diets with recalcitrant fibers from rapeseed meal (pectic polysaccharides, xyloglucans, and cellulose) or corn distillers dried grain with solubles (DDGS; (glucurono)arabinoxylans and cellulose) with or without inclusion of β-glucans (6%) or retrograded tapioca (40%) substituted for corn starch were formulated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910831/high-z-structures-of-organic-molecules-their-diversity-and-organizing-principles
#20
Carolyn Pratt Brock
A list has been compiled of 284 well determined organic structures having more than four crystallographically independent molecules or formula units (i.e. Z' > 4). Another 22 structures were rejected because the space group or unit cell was probably misassigned; the rate for that type of error is then only 7%. The space-group frequencies are unusual; half the structures are in Sohncke groups, partly because the fraction of enantiopure structures of resolvable enantiomers is higher than for lower Z' structures...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
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