Read by QxMD icon Read

Relative value unit

Jigar Nayankumar Mehta, Lata D Parmar
Background: Following head injury, cardiopulmonary functions are impaired and this disturbs the oxygenation transport pathway. Expanding cardiopulmonary physical therapy to encompass the oxygen transport system as a whole has implication for treatment as well as assessment and treatment outcome. Therefore, the aim of the study is to assess the oxygenation level in head injury patients with relation to body positioning in the intensive care unit (ICU). Methodology: Thirty consecutive patients with head injury with hemodynamically stable were included from the surgical ICU, ages ranging from 15 to 50 years...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Daihong Liu, Shanshan Duan, Chaoyang Zhou, Ping Wei, Lihua Chen, Xuntao Yin, Jiuquan Zhang, Jian Wang
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) affects a vast population and is closely associated with cognitive impairment. However, the mechanisms of cognitive impairment in T2DM patients have not been unraveled. Research on the basic units (nodes or hubs and edges) of the brain functional network on the basis of neuroimaging may advance our understanding of the network change pattern in T2DM patients. This study investigated the change patterns of brain functional hubs using degree centrality (DC) analysis and the connectivity among these hubs using functional connectivity and Granger causality analysis...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Smit D Patel, Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Sandeep Singh, Zinal Patel, Neel Patel, Allan Zhang, Amruta H Panwala, Vinshi N Khan, Gagandeep Singh, Nihar Shah
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) and lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage (LGIH) are 2 of the most common reasons for hospital admissions across the United States. The 30-day readmission after index admission poses a major burden on the health care infrastructure, and thus, it is important to assess the causes of 30-day readmission for patients with UGIH and LGIH. METHODS: The study cohort was derived from the 2013 National Readmission Database...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Koonal K Shah, Aki Tsuchiya, Allan J Wailoo
A source of debate in the health care priority setting literature is whether to weight health gains to account for equity considerations, such as concern for those with very short life expectancy. This paper reviews the empirical evidence in the published social sciences literature relevant to the following research question: do members of the public wish to place greater weight on a unit of health gain for end-of-life patients than on that for other types of patients? An electronic search of the Social Sciences Citation Index for articles published until October 2017 was conducted, with follow-up of references to obtain additional data...
March 7, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Lars Wilkinson, Barnaby Hunt, Pierre Johansen, Neeraj N Iyer, Tam Dang-Tan, Richard F Pollock
INTRODUCTION: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys show that many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the USA fail to achieve recommended treatment targets. In the SUSTAIN 7 randomized controlled trial, once-weekly semaglutide (0.5 and 1.0 mg) was superior to comparative doses of dulaglutide (0.75 and 1.5 mg) in reducing glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and body weight in people with T2D. The present study estimated the cost per patient achieving HbA1c treatment targets and weight loss responses with once-weekly semaglutide and dulaglutide in the USA...
March 19, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Sonja Cabarkapa, Marlon Perera, Ken Sikaris, Jonathan S O'Brien, Damien M Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
Background: This study aims to review current laboratory reporting strategies across Australia and New Zealand with a view to propose a more useful template for reporting serum testosterone in the context of prostate cancer. Materials and methods: Registered pathology laboratories in Australia and New Zealand were enrolled into the current study. An electronic or a phone survey was utilized to collect data from each participating laboratory. Obtained information included assay utilized, units reported, reference intervals, lowest reported value, and lowest detectable value...
March 2018: Prostate International
Sara Jiménez-Puertas, David Sánchez-Artuñedo, Marcelino Hermida-López
Aim: This work aims to achieve the highest possible monitor units (MU) reduction using the MU Objective tool included in the Eclipse treatment planning system, while preserving the plan quality. Background: The treatment planning system Eclipse (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) includes a control mechanism for the number of monitor units of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans, named the MU Objective tool. Material and methods: Forty prostate plans, 20 gynecological plans and 20 head and neck plans designed with VMAT were retrospectively studied...
March 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
Olivier Nardi, Elizabeth Zavala, Claude Martin, Serafim Nanas, Thomas Scheeren, Andrea Polito, Xavi Borrat, Djillali Annane
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the ratio of oxyhaemoglobin to total haemoglobin in skeletal muscle (StO2 ) using near-infrared spectroscopy may aid in the monitoring of patients with sepsis. This study assessed the benefits and risks of targeting StO2 in adults with severe sepsis or septic shock. DESIGN: A European randomised controlled trial was performed on two parallel groups. SETTING: Five intensive care units (ICU) in France, Greece, Spain and Germany were used for the study...
March 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Simon D Griffiths, Philip Chappell, Jane A Entwistle, Frank J Kelly, Michael E Deary
Public exposure to significantly elevated levels of particulate matter (PM) as a result of major fires at industrial sites is a worldwide problem. Our paper describes how the United Kingdom developed its Air Quality in Major Incidents (AQinMI) service to provide fire emission plume concentration data for use by managers at the time of the incident and to allow an informed public health response. It is one of the first civilian services of its type anywhere in the world. Based on the involvement of several of the authors in the AQinMI service, we describe the service's function, detail the nature of fires covered by the service, and report for the first time on the concentration ranges of PM to which populations may be exposed in major incident fires...
March 16, 2018: Environment International
Gulce Alp, Meryem Gulce Subasi, William M Johnston, Burak Yilmaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The effects of surface treatments and coffee thermocycling on the color and relative translucency of a recently introduced computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) monolithic glass-ceramic are unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of coffee thermocycling on the color and relative translucency parameter (RTP) of CAD-CAM monolithic glass-ceramics after different surface treatments...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Irena Mladenovic, Jelena Krunic, Gordana Supic, Ruzica Kozomara, Dejan Bokonjic, Nikola Stojanovic, Zvonko Magic
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations of variability in pulp sensitivity with sex, psychosocial variables, the gene that encodes for the enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), and chronic painful conditions (temporomandibular disorders [TMDs]). METHODS: The study was composed of 97 subjects (68 women and 29 men aged 20-44 years). The electric (electric pulp tester) and cold (refrigerant spray) stimuli were performed on mandibular lateral incisors...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Eashaa Kumar, Michael T McCurdy, Christian A Koch, Abdurrahman Hamadah, Tibor Fülöp, Kamel A Gharaibeh
Unexplained hypotension in the intensive care unit is commonly attributed to volume depletion, cardiorespiratory failure, sepsis, or relative adrenal insufficiency. In these acute conditions, thyroid hormone levels measured in blood, serum or plasma are often altered and solely attributed to critical illness. We report a series of 3 critically ill patients with prolonged respiratory failure, suppressed mental status and unexplained hypotension. Thyroid stimulating hormone levels ranged from normal to mildly elevated (2...
March 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Ali Bulent Cankaya, Kemal Tekin, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Sevilay Karahan, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To quantify normative corneal optical density (COD) values of healthy individuals and to investigate alterations in the COD in relation to their ocular and demographic characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, and observational. METHODS: In total, 588 eyes from 588 healthy participants with clear corneas were consecutively enrolled. Corneal densitometry values expressed in standardized grayscale units (GSU) from different corneal layers and zones obtained using the rotating Pentacam Scheimpflug system were analyzed...
March 16, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Paul T Bartone, Gregory G Homish
Background: Much research has focused on stress related to deployments; however, a substantial proportion of soldiers never deploy. In a study of 1.3 million veterans, suicide risk was higher among veterans who had never deployed. Thus, not being deployed may have an impact on soldiers' well-being; however, no measures exist to assess emotions regarding non-deployment. We aimed to develop and test an original measure of non-deployment emotions. Methods: We examined the Non-Deployment Emotions (NDE) questionnaire, a novel four-item measure of guilt, unit value, unit camaraderie, and unit connectedness in a sample of never-deployed male and female US Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers (N = 174)...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Laura Miller, Gerardo J Pacheco, Jud C Janak, Rose C Grimm, Nicole A Dierschke, Janice Baker, Jean A Orman
Background: Military working dogs (MWDs) are a major asset in the theater of operations. Their unique abilities make them ideal for tasks such as tracking, patrol, and scent detection. MWDs deployed to a war zone are exposed to harsh environments and battlefield dangers that increase their risk of disease, injuries, and death. Although canines have been used extensively in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), no published studies have reported detailed causes of death among MWDs deployed to these conflicts...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Saeideh Tasharrofi, Hossein Taghdisian, Abdollah Golchoobi
In this study, pure and ternary adsorption of hydrogen sulfide (H2 S), ethylbenzene (EB), and carbon monoxide (CO) on different arrays of zigzag double wall carbon nanotube was investigated using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. The internal diameters of nanotube were fixed at 2r = 50.17 Å while nanotube wall distances were different values from d = 0 Å to d = 150 Å. Pure simulation results indicated that adsorption quantity of H2 S and EB in low pressure ranges of P = 1.9 bar to P = 3...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Alessandro Micarelli, Andrea Viziano, David Della-Morte, Ivan Augimeri, Marco Alessandrini
OBJECTIVE: Considering the altered multisensory signal compensation during senescence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the integration rearrangements in unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH) during age-related cognitive decline. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Longitudinal cohort study unit and of University tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Older UVH individuals ≥ 55 years with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer Disease (AD) and matched UVH control group with age-appropriate cognitive function...
March 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Lyndsey M Miller, Carol J Whitlatch, Christopher S Lee, Michael S Caserta
Background and Objectives: Persons with dementia (PWDs) often place greater importance on their care values (i.e., maintaining autonomy and social relations, choosing caregivers, avoiding being a burden) than family caregivers (CGs) perceive, which can detract from dementia care planning (e.g., care arrangements or surrogate decisions). Notable variability has been found across family care dyads (PWD and CG) in their perceptions of care values, suggesting that there may be multiple patterns of perception...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Paula Chatterjee, Karen E Joynt Maddox
Importance: Hospitals in the United States have been subject to mandatory public reporting of mortality rates for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and heart failure (HF) since 2007 and to value-based payment programs for these conditions since 2011. However, whether hospitals with initially poor baseline performance have improved relative to other hospitals under these programs, and whether patterns of improvement differ by condition, is unknown. Understanding trends within public reporting and value-based payment can inform future efforts in these areas...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Helen V Wilmot, Jason Hockley, Peter Rigsby, Elaine Gray
Until recently, the role of factor XII (FXII) in hemostasis was not considered to be important since patients with FXII deficiency do not present with bleeding. The activation of FXII by agents including mast cells and platelet polyphosphates suggests that it may have a role in thrombogenesis. The inhibition of FXII therefore presents an option for antithrombotic therapy, and antibodies and inhibitors are already in development. Assays for FXII will be required to support these technologies, and an international standard (IS) for FXII would be useful for the development of these methods and for the clinical monitoring of patients...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"