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Ocular injury children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399448/apparent-diffusion-coefficient-adc-of-the-vitreous-humor-and-susceptibility-weighted-imaging-swi-of-the-retina-in-abused-children-with-retinal-hemorrhages
#1
Misun Hwang, Samuel S Shin, Matthew A Thimm, Anish Ghodadra, Christin L Sylvester, Ken Nischal, Ashok Panigrahy, Giulio Zuccoli
This study speculated that the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the vitreous humor might be altered in the setting of abusive head trauma (AHT) with retinal hemorrhages (RH). Fourty-four subjects were analyzed (n=20 AHT cases; n=24 controls). There was no statistically significant difference in normalized ADC values between the cases and controls (-0.14 and -0.08 respectively, p=0.46), but analysis of RH by susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) compared to dilated funduscopic exam demonstrated statistically significant correlation (p=0...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367043/child-abuse-and-the-eye-in-an-african-population
#2
Michaeline A Isawumi, Modupe Adebayo
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of data on child abuse and the eye in West Africa. Therefore, a need exists to determine the causes and circumstances surrounding these occurrences and their effects on the eye and vision in a pediatric population. METHODS: A 3-year study of consecutive cases of ocular features that presented to an eye clinic following a history suggestive of child abuse along with any associated eye injury was carried out. Socio-demographic characteristics were obtained, as were the presenting and posttreatment visual acuity, and a full clinical eye examination was also done...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340081/retroocular-and-subdural-hemorrhage-or-hemosiderin-deposits-in-pediatric-autopsies
#3
Marc R Del Bigio, Susan M Phillips
The presence of hemosiderin in the optic nerve sheath and/or retina is sometimes used to estimate the timing of injury in infants or children with suspected non-accidental head trauma. To determine the prevalence of hemosiderin in deaths not associated with trauma, we performed a prospective study of retroocular orbital tissue, cranial convexity, and cervical spinal cord dura mater in infants and children <2.5 years age. In 53 cases of non-traumatic death, approximately 70% had blood or hemosiderin within the orbital fat, ocular muscles, and parasagittal cranial and/or cervical spinal subdural compartment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338664/characteristics-of-non-vitreoretinal-ocular-injury-in-child-maltreatment-a-systematic-review
#4
T Betts, S Ahmed, S Maguire, P Watts
PurposeTo identify the spectrum of non-vitreoretinal ocular injury due to child maltreatment.MethodsAll language search of MEDLINE, PsychINFO, EMBASE, AMED, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases, 1950-2015, was conducted. INCLUSION CRITERIA: explicit confirmation of injury aetiology, age <18 years, examination conducted by an ophthalmologist. Exclusion: post-mortem data, organic diseases, review articles. Standardised critical appraisal and narrative synthesis was conducted of included publications by two independent reviewers...
March 24, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273704/-clinical-and-genetic-characteristics-of-children-with-leigh-syndrome
#5
F Fang, Y Shen, D M Shen, Z M Liu, C H Ding, W C Zhang, S Z Sun, J L Lyu, T L Han, X H Wang, W H Zhang, X Y Yang, J W Li, H S Wu
Objective: To investigate the clinically and genetic characteristics of children with Leigh syndrome. Method: Patients with clinically diagnosed Leigh syndrome(LS)in the department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2013 to February 2016 underwent the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nuclear DNA (nDNA) detecting with next generation sequencing (NGS) technology. The clinical data of gene confirmed cases were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The differences in the onset age, clinical manifestations, lactic acid level and MRI results between the mtDNA variation and nDNA variation were compared and analyzed...
March 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260859/the-uk-paediatric-ocular-trauma-study-1-pots1-development-of-a-global-standardized-protocol-for-prospective-data-collection-in-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#6
Freda Sii, Robert J Barry, Richard J Blanch, Joseph Abbott, Caroline J MacEwen, Peter Shah
BACKGROUND: Ocular trauma is an important cause of visual morbidity in children worldwide. Pediatric ocular trauma accounts for up to one third of all ocular trauma admissions, with significant economic implications for health care providers. It is estimated that 90% of all ocular trauma is preventable. Development of strategies to reduce the incidence and severity of pediatric ocular trauma requires an understanding of the epidemiology of these injuries and their characteristics. This will enable appropriate targeting of resources toward prevention and allow effective service planning...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224290/pediatric-ocular-trauma-score-as-a-prognostic-tool-in-the-management-of-pediatric-traumatic-cataracts
#7
Mehul A Shah, Rupesh Agrawal, Ryan Teoh, Shreya M Shah, Kashyap Patel, Satyam Gupta, Siddharth Gosai
OBJECTIVE: To introduce and validate the pediatric ocular trauma score (POTS) - a mathematical model to predict visual outcome trauma in children with traumatic cataract METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, medical records of consecutive children with traumatic cataracts aged 18 and below were retrieved and analysed. Data collected included age, gender, visual acuity, anterior segment and posterior segment findings, nature of surgery, treatment for amblyopia, follow-up, and final outcome was recorded on a precoded data information sheet...
February 22, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221291/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-facial-dog-bites-in-children
#8
Emily M Bratton, Liliya Golas, Leslie A Wei, Brett W Davies, Vikram D Durairaj
PURPOSE: To characterize ophthalmic manifestations and periocular injuries of pediatric facial dog bites. METHODS: A retrospective review of all children younger than 18 years who sought medical attention after a dog bite to the face between January 1, 2003 and May 22, 2014 was performed at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Data on type and location of injury, surgical intervention, and complications were collected. RESULTS: A total of 1,989 children aged 0...
February 17, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182174/eye-injuries-from-pencil-lead-three-cases
#9
Ceyhun Arıcı, Osman Şevki Arslan, Burcu Görgülü, Rengin Yıldırım, Umut Onur
Corneal stromal and/or penetrating ocular injuries from pencils and pencil lead are more common in childhood and may lead to intraocular infection or severe intraocular sterile inflammatory reaction. Herein we report 3 children with ocular trauma due to pencil lead injuries. The first case had corneal stromal injury caused by a pencil. In the second case, a pencil perforated the cornea and contacted the iris. In the third case, pencil lead perforated both the cornea and iris and reached the vitreous through the lens zonules...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977031/ultra-wide-field-imaging-and-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-of-ocular-electrical-injury-in-a-child
#10
Brijesh Takkar, Shorya Azad, Kabiruddin Molla, Pradeep Venkatesh
History of trauma in children may be obscured and physicians often rely on signs for diagnosis. The authors discuss a case of electrical injury where ocular signs led to diagnosis of the cause of macular atrophy. A high index of suspicion must always be maintained in such atypical cases, and the setting of electrical injury to the body requires meticulous ocular examination. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53:e69-e71.].
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966829/paediatric-eye-injuries-in-finland-helsinki-eye-trauma-study
#11
Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Ahmad Sahraravand, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To determine the current population-based epidemiology, treatment, use of resources and outcomes of children's eye injuries in Finland. METHODS: The study included all new patients, 16 years of age or under, with ocular or orbital traumas taken into care to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital (population base 1.5 million people) in 1 year. The follow-up period was 3 months. RESULTS: Two hundred and two children's eye injuries were treated...
December 14, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800177/epidemiological-features-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma-in-egypt
#12
Ebrahim Abdullah Yehia Al Wadeai, Amr Abdellatif Osman, Tamer A Macky, Mahmoud M Soliman
Purpose. To review the epidemiology of serious pediatric ocular trauma presenting to Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University. Methods. Children with serious ocular trauma during a six-month period were examined and their data was analyzed. Results. Eighty eyes of 75 patients were included in this study, with 64% males (P < 0.001) and average age of 5 years (5 months-15 years). There were 67 (83.75%) open globe injuries, 11 (13.75%) closed globe injuries, and 2 (2.5%) chemical injuries. Of the open globe injuries, 24 (30%) were ruptured globes and 43 (53...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762442/paediatric-ocular-and-adnexal-injuries-requiring-hospitalisation-in-western-australia
#13
Anne-Marie E Yardley, Annette K Hoskin, Kate Hanman, Paul G Sanfilippo, Geoffrey C Lam, David A Mackey
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of ocular and adnexal injuries requiring hospitalisation in children in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: This is a hospital-based retrospective review of children admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital for Children with diagnoses of ocular and/or adnexal trauma from 2002-2013. Hospital charts were reviewed for demographic information, injury and management details, follow-up and visual outcome...
October 20, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698499/ipilimumab-induced-polyneuropathy-ibuprofen-induced-allergic-type-liver-injury-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-children-mesna-induced-fixed-drug-eruption-digoxin-induced-ocular-toxicity
#14
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
September 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689244/clinical-predictors-of-vestibulo-ocular-dysfunction-in-pediatric-sports-related-concussion
#15
Michael J Ellis, Dean M Cordingley, Sara Vis, Karen M Reimer, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell
OBJECTIVE There were 2 objectives of this study. The first objective was to identify clinical variables associated with vestibulo-ocular dysfunction (VOD) detected at initial consultation among pediatric patients with acute sports-related concussion (SRC) and postconcussion syndrome (PCS). The second objective was to reexamine the prevalence of VOD in this clinical cohort and evaluate the effect of VOD on length of recovery and the development of PCS. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted for all patients with acute SRC and PCS who were evaluated at a pediatric multidisciplinary concussion program from September 2013 to May 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530668/predictive-factors-for-residual-diplopia-after-surgical-repair-in-pediatric-patients-with-orbital-blowout-fracture
#16
Yun Su, Qin Shen, Ming Lin, Xianqun Fan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical prognosis of diplopia and identify factors that are potentially predictive of residual diplopia postoperatively in pediatric patients with orbital blowout fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of clinical data from 135 children and adolescents less than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with orbital blowout fractures between January 2008 and June 2014 in the Department of Ophthalmology...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504485/a-scoping-review-of-the-associations-of-golf-with-eye-injuries-in-adults-and-children
#17
REVIEW
Evan Jenkins, Roger Hawkes, Andrew Murray
Introduction. Sport presents a risk of ocular trauma and accounts for a significant number of eye injuries that require hospital admission. The sport of golf presents a risk to eyesight from fast moving objects such as golf clubs and balls. This study aims to investigate the associations of golf with eye injuries and the reasons that these injuries occur. Material/Methods. A literature search was conducted using the databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO. Grey literature was searched using the WHO international clinical trials registry platform, Google Scholar, and ProQuest...
2016: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490908/epidemiologic-trends-of-chemical-ocular-burns-in-the-united-states
#18
R Sterling Haring, Isaac D Sheffield, Roomasa Channa, Joseph K Canner, Eric B Schneider
Importance: Determining the national epidemiologic trends of chemical ocular burns can assist physicians and policy makers in appropriate allocation of resources for treatment and prevention. Objective: To describe the epidemiologic trends and risk factors for chemical burns of the eye. Design, Setting, and Participants: Between August 1, 2015, and April 25, 2016, data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample were analyzed from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437677/profile-of-pediatric-eye-trauma-at-hospital-de-base-do-distrito-federal-hbdf-bras%C3%A3-lia-brazil
#19
Juliana Tessari Dias Rohr, Procópio Miguel Dos Santos, Regina Candido Ribeiro Dos Santos, Camila Viana Vieira, Lylian Moura Fé, Rodrigo Luis Solano, Túlio Frade Reis, Marcell de Oliveira Leão, Vinícius da Costa Guimarães
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological profile of ocular trauma in children at the HBDF emergency department. METHOD: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. We evaluated 103 cases of ocular trauma in children less than 15 years between July 2012 and January 2013. The factors evaluated through semi-structured questionnaire available online were: age, gender, adult supervision, mechanism, type of trauma, time and place, site and nature of injury, visual acuity, need for hospitalization and/or surgery, type of surgery, mother's level of education, and family income...
July 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243928/comprehensive-review-of-golf-related-ocular-injuries
#20
REVIEW
Elliot S Crane, Anton M Kolomeyer, Eliott Kim, David S Chu
PURPOSE: The authors aimed to analyze the causes and outcomes of golf-related ocular injuries in this retrospective meta-analysis, literature review, and original case series. METHODS: Forty-one articles identified by PubMed search resulted in 11 included studies yielding 102 subjects. Included articles described all ocular golf injuries that presented to an institution during a determined period. Eight factors were analyzed: age, sex, location and mechanism of injury, protective eyewear use, resulting open-globe injury, resulting enucleation, and visual acuity changes...
July 2016: Retina
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