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Ocular injury children

Emily M Bratton, Liliya Golas, Leslie A Wei, Brett W Davies, Vikram D Durairaj
PURPOSE: To characterize ophthalmic manifestations and periocular injuries of pediatric facial dog bites. METHODS: A retrospective review of all children younger than 18 years who sought medical attention after a dog bite to the face between January 1, 2003 and May 22, 2014 was performed at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Data on type and location of injury, surgical intervention, and complications were collected. RESULTS: A total of 1,989 children aged 0...
February 17, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ceyhun Arıcı, Osman Şevki Arslan, Burcu Görgülü, Rengin Yıldırım, Umut Onur
Corneal stromal and/or penetrating ocular injuries from pencils and pencil lead are more common in childhood and may lead to intraocular infection or severe intraocular sterile inflammatory reaction. Herein we report 3 children with ocular trauma due to pencil lead injuries. The first case had corneal stromal injury caused by a pencil. In the second case, a pencil perforated the cornea and contacted the iris. In the third case, pencil lead perforated both the cornea and iris and reached the vitreous through the lens zonules...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Brijesh Takkar, Shorya Azad, Kabiruddin Molla, Pradeep Venkatesh
History of trauma in children may be obscured and physicians often rely on signs for diagnosis. The authors discuss a case of electrical injury where ocular signs led to diagnosis of the cause of macular atrophy. A high index of suspicion must always be maintained in such atypical cases, and the setting of electrical injury to the body requires meticulous ocular examination. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53:e69-e71.].
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Ahmad Sahraravand, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To determine the current population-based epidemiology, treatment, use of resources and outcomes of children's eye injuries in Finland. METHODS: The study included all new patients, 16 years of age or under, with ocular or orbital traumas taken into care to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital (population base 1.5 million people) in 1 year. The follow-up period was 3 months. RESULTS: Two hundred and two children's eye injuries were treated...
December 14, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Ebrahim Abdullah Yehia Al Wadeai, Amr Abdellatif Osman, Tamer A Macky, Mahmoud M Soliman
Purpose. To review the epidemiology of serious pediatric ocular trauma presenting to Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University. Methods. Children with serious ocular trauma during a six-month period were examined and their data was analyzed. Results. Eighty eyes of 75 patients were included in this study, with 64% males (P < 0.001) and average age of 5 years (5 months-15 years). There were 67 (83.75%) open globe injuries, 11 (13.75%) closed globe injuries, and 2 (2.5%) chemical injuries. Of the open globe injuries, 24 (30%) were ruptured globes and 43 (53...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Anne-Marie E Yardley, Annette K Hoskin, Kate Hanman, Paul G Sanfilippo, Geoffrey C Lam, David A Mackey
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of ocular and adnexal injuries requiring hospitalisation in children in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: This is a hospital-based retrospective review of children admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital for Children with diagnoses of ocular and/or adnexal trauma from 2002-2013. Hospital charts were reviewed for demographic information, injury and management details, follow-up and visual outcome...
October 20, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
September 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Michael J Ellis, Dean M Cordingley, Sara Vis, Karen M Reimer, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell
OBJECTIVE There were 2 objectives of this study. The first objective was to identify clinical variables associated with vestibulo-ocular dysfunction (VOD) detected at initial consultation among pediatric patients with acute sports-related concussion (SRC) and postconcussion syndrome (PCS). The second objective was to reexamine the prevalence of VOD in this clinical cohort and evaluate the effect of VOD on length of recovery and the development of PCS. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted for all patients with acute SRC and PCS who were evaluated at a pediatric multidisciplinary concussion program from September 2013 to May 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Yun Su, Qin Shen, Ming Lin, Xianqun Fan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical prognosis of diplopia and identify factors that are potentially predictive of residual diplopia postoperatively in pediatric patients with orbital blowout fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of clinical data from 135 children and adolescents less than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with orbital blowout fractures between January 2008 and June 2014 in the Department of Ophthalmology...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Evan Jenkins, Roger Hawkes, Andrew Murray
Introduction. Sport presents a risk of ocular trauma and accounts for a significant number of eye injuries that require hospital admission. The sport of golf presents a risk to eyesight from fast moving objects such as golf clubs and balls. This study aims to investigate the associations of golf with eye injuries and the reasons that these injuries occur. Material/Methods. A literature search was conducted using the databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO. Grey literature was searched using the WHO international clinical trials registry platform, Google Scholar, and ProQuest...
2016: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
R Sterling Haring, Isaac D Sheffield, Roomasa Channa, Joseph K Canner, Eric B Schneider
Importance: Determining the national epidemiologic trends of chemical ocular burns can assist physicians and policy makers in appropriate allocation of resources for treatment and prevention. Objective: To describe the epidemiologic trends and risk factors for chemical burns of the eye. Design, Setting, and Participants: Between August 1, 2015, and April 25, 2016, data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample were analyzed from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Juliana Tessari Dias Rohr, Procópio Miguel Dos Santos, Regina Candido Ribeiro Dos Santos, Camila Viana Vieira, Lylian Moura Fé, Rodrigo Luis Solano, Túlio Frade Reis, Marcell de Oliveira Leão, Vinícius da Costa Guimarães
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological profile of ocular trauma in children at the HBDF emergency department. METHOD: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. We evaluated 103 cases of ocular trauma in children less than 15 years between July 2012 and January 2013. The factors evaluated through semi-structured questionnaire available online were: age, gender, adult supervision, mechanism, type of trauma, time and place, site and nature of injury, visual acuity, need for hospitalization and/or surgery, type of surgery, mother's level of education, and family income...
July 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Elliot S Crane, Anton M Kolomeyer, Eliott Kim, David S Chu
PURPOSE: The authors aimed to analyze the causes and outcomes of golf-related ocular injuries in this retrospective meta-analysis, literature review, and original case series. METHODS: Forty-one articles identified by PubMed search resulted in 11 included studies yielding 102 subjects. Included articles described all ocular golf injuries that presented to an institution during a determined period. Eight factors were analyzed: age, sex, location and mechanism of injury, protective eyewear use, resulting open-globe injury, resulting enucleation, and visual acuity changes...
July 2016: Retina
David R Howell, Michael J O'Brien, Michael A Beasley, Rebekah C Mannix, William P Meehan
AIM: To determine which initial postinjury symptom domains are independently associated with symptoms lasting >28 days in youth athletes who sustained sport-related concussions. METHODS: Patients who presented for care at a sport concussion clinic completed the postconcussion symptom scale. They were classified into two groups: those who reported symptom resolution within 28 days of injury and those who did not. Logistic regression models were constructed for children and adolescents to determine the independent association between symptom recovery and potential predictor variables: initial symptom scores in 5 postconcussion symptom scale domains (somatic, vestibular-ocular, cognitive, sleep and emotional), sex, loss of consciousness or amnesia at the time of injury, history of prior concussion, prior treatment for headaches or migraines, or family history of concussion...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Annette K Hoskin, Swetha S Philip, Anne-Marie E Yardley, David A Mackey
Each year an estimated 3.3 to 5.7 million pediatric eye injuries occur worldwide. It is widely reported that 90% of ocular injuries are preventable. Our aim was to identify legislation and policies, education, and mandatory eye protection strategies that have successfully contributed to reducing rates of children's eye injuries. A literature search was conducted using the terms "pediatric" or "children" or "adolescent" and "ocular" or "eye" and "protection" or "injury prevention." Articles were retrieved based on titles and abstracts and assessed in the context of our research question...
May 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Pankaj Gupta, Ramandeep Singh, Suruchi Gupta, Abhiraj Kumar, Nandita Kakkar
Panophthalmitis is one of rare manifestations of tuberculosis described in atypical situations such as children, immune compromised patients, or drug abuse. The present report describes the first case of tubercular panophthalmitis developing after trauma in an otherwise healthy adult patient. A 46-year-old female patient presented with corneal infiltrate and endophthalmitis that developed after an injury to right eye with wooden object. Corneal scrapings and vitreous tap were sterile. The patient did not improve with antibiotics and developed panophthalmitis...
January 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Janna Minderhoud, Ruth M A van Nispen, Astrid A A M Heijthuijsen, Victoria A A Beunders, Anne-Marie T Bueno de Mesquita-Voigt, Annette C Moll, Dennis R A Mans, Peerooz Saeed
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology and aetiology of ocular trauma in school-aged children who previously visited the Suriname Eye Centre (SEC) of the Academic Hospital Paramaribo. METHODS: In a hospital-based retrospective study, all cases of children who were school aged (8-15 years) at the time of the survey and previously underwent evaluation and/or treatment at the SEC because of ocular trauma were analysed. Demographic and ophthalmologic data were taken out of patient records; eye injuries were classified using the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology classification system...
August 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Dan-Dan Zhou, Kai Niu, Cheng-Wei Lu, Ji-Long Hao, Bing-Jie Zhang, Peng Hui
PURPOSE: We report a rare case of traumatic injury to the eye caused by homemade fireworks in a Chinese juvenile patient with a metal ring left in the orbit after having been sutured at the Emergency Department. METHODS: An 11-year-old boy presented with a traumatic injury to the right eye from homemade fireworks. Following initial assessment involving maxillofacial computed tomography (CT) and suturing at the Emergency Department, he was transferred to our department for further evaluation because of his poor sight 1 day later...
September 2015: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Brittany Coats, Gil Binenbaum, Colin Smith, Robert L Peiffer, Cindy W Christian, Ann-Christine Duhaime, Susan S Margulies
Repetitive back-and-forth head rotation from vigorous shaking is purported to be a central mechanism responsible for diffuse white matter injury, subdural hemorrhage, and retinal hemorrhage in some cases of abusive head trauma (AHT) in young children. Although animal studies have identified mechanisms of traumatic brain injury (TBI) associated with single rapid head acceleration-decelerations at levels experienced in a motor vehicle crash, few experimental studies have investigated TBI from repetitive head rotations...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
Ashish Kumar Sharma, Ahmad Nadeem Aslami, Jai Prakash Srivastava, Jawed Iqbal
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common presentations of blunt and penetrating ocular trauma is traumatic cataract. It remains a significant cause of visual impairment and physical disability among adults and children. It is associated with various ocular injuries. AIM: To evaluate the associated ocular injuries and final outcome of patients with traumatic cataract along with their demographic features and modes of trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study done in Department of Ophthalmology in M...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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