Read by QxMD icon Read

Open globe injury

Anne-Marie E Yardley, Annette K Hoskin, Kate Hanman, Paul G Sanfilippo, Geoffrey C Lam, David A Mackey
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of ocular and adnexal injuries requiring hospitalisation in children in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: This is a hospital-based retrospective review of children admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital for Children with diagnoses of ocular and/or adnexal trauma from 2002-2013. Hospital charts were reviewed for demographic information, injury and management details, follow-up and visual outcome...
October 20, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Argyrios Chronopoulos, Gabriele Thumann, James Schutz
Positive vitreous pressure (PVP) occurs during anterior segment intraocular surgery associated with acute hypotony and is characterized by forward displacement of the lens-iris diaphragm with shallowing of the anterior chamber resistant to reformation, repeated iris prolapse, and, in severe cases, zonular rupture and vitreous or lens prolapse that can lead to a cascade of intraoperative complications. PVP is particularly common during penetrating keratoplasty (PK), conventional nuclear expression cataract extraction, and repair of anterior open globe injury...
October 14, 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
Ai Toride, Hiroshi Toshida, Asaki Matsui, Yusuke Matsuzaki, Rio Honda, Toshihiko Ohta, Akira Murakami
BACKGROUND: Most patients with open globe eye injury are brought to hospital as emergency patients and usually require admission for emergency surgery. We analyzed the visual outcome in patients with open globe eye injury at our hospital over a 4-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 40 eyes of 40 patients with open globe eye injury who were presented to Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital and required emergency surgery during the 4 years from January 2010 to December 2014...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Neelakshi Bhagat, Roger Turbin, Paul Langer, N G Soni, A M Bauza, J H Son, David Chu, Mohammad Dastjerdi, Marco Zarbin
Loss of light perception (LP) after open globe injury (OGI) does not necessarily mean the patient will have permanent complete visual loss. Findings that seem to be associated reliably with permanent profound vision loss after OGI include optic nerve avulsion, optic nerve transection, and profound loss of intraocular contents, which can be identified with CT/MRI imaging albeit with varying degrees of confidence. Eyes with NLP after OGI that undergo successful primary repair with intact optic nerves may be considered for additional surgery, particularly if there is: (1) recovery of LP on the first day after primary repair; (2) treatable pathology underlying NLP status (e...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
O E Yucel, S Demir, L Niyaz, O Sayin, A Gul, N Ariturk
PurposeTo describe and identify ocular and wound characteristics, and prognostic factors associated with final visual acuity (VA) in patients with scleral rupture due to blunt ocular trauma.MethodsThe medical records of 61 patients with globe rupture due to blunt ocular trauma who underwent primary repair were reviewed retrospectively. The data recorded included demographic characteristics, initial and final VA, ocular signs, wound characteristics, and surgeries. Initial VA, ocular signs, wound characteristics, and surgeries were analyzed to determine the association with the final VA...
September 2, 2016: Eye
Gang Tan, Xin Huang, Lei Ye, An-Hua Wu, Li-Xian He, Yu-Lin Zhong, Nan Jiang, Fu-Qing Zhou, Yi Shao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate altered spontaneous brain activities in patients with unilateral acute open globe injury (OGI) using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method and its relationship with their clinical manifestations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 18 patients with acute OGI (16 males and two females) and 18 healthy controls (HCs, 16 males and two females) closely matched in age, sex, and education were recruited in this study...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Xin Huang, Hai-Jun Li, Lei Ye, Ying Zhang, Rong Wei, Yu-Lin Zhong, De-Chang Peng, Yi Shao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the underlying regional homogeneity (ReHo) brain activity changes in patients with unilateral acute open-globe injury (OGI) and their relationship with their clinical features. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 18 patients with acute OGI (16 males and two females) and 18 healthy controls (HCs; 16 males and two females) closely matched in age, sex, and education status participated in the study. Each subject underwent a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scan...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Rita D Page, Sumeet K Gupta, Thomas L Jenkins, Zeynel A Karcioglu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors that are predictive of poor outcomes in penetrating globe trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective case series evaluated 103 eyes that had been surgically treated for an open-globe injury from 2007 to 2010 at the eye clinic of the University of Virginia. A total of 64 eyes with complete medical records and at least 6 months of follow-up were included in the study. Four risk factors (preoperative best-corrected visual acuity [pre-op BCVA], ocular trauma score [OTS], zone of injury [ZOI], and time lapse [TL] between injury and primary repair) and three outcomes (final BCVA, monthly rate of additional surgeries [MRAS], and enucleation) were identified for analysis...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Neta Konforty, Yotam Lior, Jaime Levy, Nadav Belfair, Natalya Bilenko, Tova Lifshitz, Itamar Klemperer, Boris Knyazer
AIMS: To describe and identify clinical characteristics, prognostic factors and visual outcome in patients with intraocular foreign bodies (IOFB) in southern Israel. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all cases of open globe injury with IOFB treated and followed-up for at least 6 months in the Ophthalmology Department at Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel, from 1995-2011. The study population was subdivided into two groups: 1. Patients whose difference in visual acuity (VA) between presentation and end of follow-up was considered "successful" (n = 54); 2...
May 2016: Harefuah
Muhammed Batur, Erbil Seven, Oktay Esmer, Mahmut Nedim Akaltun, Tekin Yasar, Adnan Cinal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology and outcomes of adult open globe injuries (OGI) in the eastern part of Turkey. METHODS: The retrospective study included all the patients who were diagnosed with OGI (436 eyes in 425 patients) at our clinic between 1997 and 2015. The OGI patients aged over 16 years were included into the study. Open globe injuries were classified according to the Ocular Trauma Classification. Age, gender, medical history, time between trauma and hospital admission, and mechanism of injury were recorded for each patient...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Anu Vaajanen, Anja Tuulonen
BACKGROUND: An ocular injury can lead to secondary glaucoma in the traumatized eye in 3% to 20% of cases. Literature on the risk of developing elevated intraocular pressure in the nontraumatized fellow eye is scant. Clinicians treating ocular traumas should also bear in mind sympathetic ophthalmia, a rare bilateral granulomatous panuveitis following accidental or surgical trauma to 1 eye. CASE REPORT: We report a case of high-pressure glaucoma of the fellow eye without any signs of uveitis...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Pradeep Venkatesh, Rajpal Vohra, Yog Raj Sharma
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical profile of medicolegal cases (MLCs) presenting to the eye casualty in a tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of records. The cases were grouped according to the Ocular Trauma Classification Group classification system. RESULTS: Out of 188 MLCs, 164 (87.2%) were male. Mean age (±standard deviation) was 31.6 (±12.7) years. Age ranged from 7 to 75 years...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Philip J Banerjee, Victoria R Cornelius, Rachel Phillips, Jessica W Lo, Catey Bunce, Joanna Kelly, Caroline Murphy, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Elizabeth L Robertson, David G Charteris
BACKGROUND: Eyes sustaining open globe trauma are at high risk of severe visual impairment. Ocular injuries which result in visual loss invariably affect the posterior segment of the eye, and prevention of visual loss involves posterior segment (vitreoretinal) surgery. Despite improvements in vitreoretinal surgical techniques, outcomes in these patients remain unsatisfactory, and development of the intraocular scarring response proliferative vitreoretinopathy is the leading cause. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy is the most common cause of recurrent retinal detachment in these eyes; it is reported to occur in up to 45 % of cases...
2016: Trials
Jason M Huang, Andrew D Pansick, Preston H Blomquist
PURPOSE: The choice and route of antibiotic prophylaxis in the setting of open globe injury remains controversial. We investigated the utility of intravenous vancomycin and cefepime prophylaxis in preventing endopthalmitis after open globe injury. METHODS: The charts of 224 patients who presented to Parkland Memorial Hospital and Children's Medical Center in Dallas, Texas, between June 1, 2009 and June 30, 2013, with open globe injury and who were treated with prophylactic intravenous vancomycin and cefepime were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Khakima Karim-Zade, Christopher Leak, Bakhtovar Karim-Zade
PURPOSE: Pediatric eye injury (PEI) is the leading cause of preventable monocular vision loss in children, with an estimated prevalence of 5.7 million cases. Epidemiological information on PEI is rare, skewed towards high-income countries, and commonly overlooked by non-governmental ophthalmological organizations. This study aims to quantitatively and qualitatively determine incidence of PEI in the Republic of Tajikistan. METHODS: Data were collected from all pediatric eye injury records (N = 454) admitted to three pediatric ophthalmology hospitals in two regions of Tajikistan between 2010 and 2012...
October 2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Bingsheng Lou, Lixia Lin, Junlian Tan, Yao Yang, Zhaohui Yuan, Xiaofeng Lin
PURPOSE: To elucidate the Chinese practice of intraocular antibiotics administration for prophylaxis after open globe injury. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was performed online by scanning a Quickmark (QR) code with smartphones at the 20th Chinese National Conference of Ocular Trauma in November 2014. RESULTS: A total of 153 (30.6%) of all participators at the conference responded. Of the respondents, 20.9% were routinely administered with prophylactic intraocular injection of antibiotics at the conclusion of the primary eye repair, and 56...
2016: PloS One
Meral Yildiz, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Berna Akova-Budak, Ahmet Tuncer Ozmen, Sadık Gorkem Çevik
Objective. Our aim was to present and evaluate the predictive factors of visual impairment and blindness according to WHO criteria in pediatric open globe injuries. Methods. The medical records of 94 patients younger than 18 years who underwent primary repair surgery were reviewed retrospectively. The initial and final visual acuity, anterior and posterior segment findings, and zone of injury were noted. The patients were classified as blindness in one eye or visual impairment in one eye. Results. Of 412 patients who presented with open globe injury, 94 (23%) were under 18 years old...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Elliot S Crane, Anton M Kolomeyer, Eliott Kim, David S Chu
PURPOSE: The authors aimed to analyze the causes and outcomes of golf-related ocular injuries in this retrospective meta-analysis, literature review, and original case series. METHODS: Forty-one articles identified by PubMed search resulted in 11 included studies yielding 102 subjects. Included articles described all ocular golf injuries that presented to an institution during a determined period. Eight factors were analyzed: age, sex, location and mechanism of injury, protective eyewear use, resulting open-globe injury, resulting enucleation, and visual acuity changes...
July 2016: Retina
Emmy Y Li, Tommy C Chan, Andrea T Liu, Hunter K Yuen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of open-globe injuries (OGIs) in Hong Kong over a 10-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective case-review. METHODS: This study included patients with OGI who presented to Hong Kong Eye Hospital and Queen Elizabeth Hospital from 1999 to 2008. Patient demographics, causes and mechanisms of injury, visual acuity (VA) at presentation, clinical features, and final VA were collected...
May 26, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Grace L Paley, Elizabeth Echalier, Thomas W Eck, Augustine R Hong, Asim V Farooq, Darren G Gregory, Anthony J Lubniewski
PURPOSE: To report cases of acute globe rupture and bilateral corneal burns from electronic cigarette (EC) explosions. METHODS: Case series. RESULTS: We describe a series of patients with corneal injury caused by EC explosions. Both patients suffered bilateral corneal burns and decreased visual acuity, and one patient sustained a unilateral corneoscleral laceration with prolapsed iris tissue and hyphema. A review of the scientific literature revealed no prior reported cases of ocular injury secondary to EC explosions; however, multiple media and government agency articles describe fires and explosions involving ECs, including at least 4 with ocular injuries...
July 2016: Cornea
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"