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Open globe injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133650/epidemiology-clinical-profile-and-factors-predicting-final-visual-outcome-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-of-central-india
#1
Satendra Singh, Bhavana Sharma, Kavita Kumar, Aditi Dubey, Kanchan Ahirwar
PURPOSE: Ocular trauma constitutes an important cause of preventable visual morbidity worldwide. This study was done to study the incidence, sociodemographic pattern, and clinical profile of ocular trauma in pediatric age group. Also to evaluate the factors influencing final visual outcome in these patients. METHODS: This was a prospective interventional study concerning ocular trauma in pediatric patients up to 16 years of age of either sex. Various variables having an impact on final visual outcome were studied, and results were analyzed using statistical indices - relative risk, Chi-square test, P value, and linear regression analysis...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044054/role-of-intravitreal-intracameral-antibiotics-to-prevent-traumatic-endophthalmitis-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Thanigasalam Thevi, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
Traumatic endophthalmitis is a devastating condition that can occur following an open globe injury and result in loss of vision. The use of prophylactic antibiotics is empirical as most surgeons fear complications associated with the same. No systematic review has been performed in English on the role of intravitreal/intracameral antibiotics in preventing traumatic endophthalmitis. We searched for randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials comparing intracameral/intravitreal antibiotics with placebos on PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and Cochrane Library using keywords open globe/trauma/penetrating/perforating injuries endophthalmitis...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983610/network-centrality-in-patients-with-acute-unilateral-open-globe-injury-a-voxel%C3%A2-wise-degree-centrality-study
#3
Hua Wang, Ting Chen, Lei Ye, Qi-Chen Yang, Rong Wei, Ying Zhang, Nan Jiang, Yi Shao
The present study aimed to investigate functional networks underlying brain‑activity alterations in patients with acute unilateral open globe injury (OGI) and associations with their clinical features using the voxel‑wise degree centrality (DC) method. In total, 18 patients with acute OGI (16 males and 2 females), and 18 healthy subjects (16 males and 2 females), closely matched in age, sex and education, participated in the present study. Each subject underwent a resting‑state functional magnetic resonance imaging scan...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953159/epidemiology-of-open-globe-injury-in-children
#4
Muhammed Batur, Erbil Seven, Mahmut Nedim Akaltun, Serek Tekin, Tekin Yasar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric open globe injury (OGI). METHOD: The medical records of all patients diagnosed with OGI in the authors' clinic between 1996 and 2015 were screened retrospectively. A total of 893 eyes of 892 patients aged 16 years or younger were included in the study. Open globe injury was classified according to the ocular trauma classification (OTS). Age, sex, history, cause and month of trauma, treatment received, visual acuity at presentation, final visual acuity, and cause of vision loss were recorded...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944317/comparison-of-regional-vs-general-anesthesia-for-surgical-repair-of-open-globe-injuries-at-a-university-referral-center
#5
Andrew J McClellan, Jacquelyn J Daubert, Nidhi Relhan, Kimberly D Tran, Harry W Flynn, Steven Gayer
PURPOSE: This study compares the clinical features and physician selection of either Regional Anesthesia (peribulbar or retrobulbar block) with Monitored Anesthesia Care (RA-MAC) or General Anesthesia (GA) for open globe injury repair. DESIGN: A non-randomized, comparative, retrospective case series at a University Referral Center. PARTICIPANTS: All adult repairable open globe injuries receiving primary repair between January 1st, 2004 and December 31st, 2014 (11 years)...
May 2017: Ophthalmology retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861358/epidemiologic-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-open-globe-injury-in-shanghai
#6
Yong-Rong Ji, Dong-Qing Zhu, Hui-Fang Zhou, Xian-Qun Fan
AIM: To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of open globe injury in Shanghai. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for 148 unilateral open globe injury cases presenting to a tertiary referral hospital of Shanghai. Electronic medical records were reviewed and phone surveys were conducted to collect and analyze 1) background of patient; 2) setting of injury and clinical signs at presentation; 3) treatment procedure and outcome; 4) quality of life after injury...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856428/intraoperative-b-scan-ultrasonography-and-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-severe-open-globe-injury-with-hemorrhagic-retinal-and-choroidal-detachment
#7
Nobuhiko Shiraki, Taku Wakabayashi, Tatsuhiko Sato, Hirokazu Sakaguchi, Kohji Nishida
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to report the initial clinical experience of intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography in combination with 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for severe open globe injury with hemorrhagic retinal and choroidal detachment. METHODS: Six eyes of six consecutive patients with severe open globe injury underwent intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography and 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy at Osaka University Hospital in Japan. The feasibility of intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), retinal reattachment, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were evaluated...
November 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810038/culture-positive-endophthalmitis-after-open-globe-injuries-with-and-without-retained-intraocular-foreign-bodies
#8
Tanuj P Banker, Andrew J McClellan, Benjamin D Wilson, Fabiana M Juan, Ajay E Kuriyan, Nidhi Relhan, Felix V Chen, Eric D Weichel, Thomas A Albini, Audina M Berrocal, Jay Sridhar, Ninel Z Gregori, Justin H Townsend, Harry W Flynn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the visual and anatomical outcomes and microbiologic spectrum of culture-positive endophthalmitis in open globe injuries (OGIs) with or without intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, interventional case series of OGIs (n = 718) treated between 2004 and 2015. Patients underwent a management protocol for OGI, including systemic broad-spectrum antibiotics, on presentation. RESULTS: Culture-positive cases of endophthalmitis after open globe repair occurred in 2...
August 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802684/-management-of-post-traumatic-aphakia-and-aniridia-retrospective-study-of-17-patients-undergoing-scleral-sutured-artificial-iris-intraocular-lens-implantation-management-of-aphakia-aniridia-with-scleral-sutured-artificial-iris-intraocular-lenses
#9
A-S Villemont, V Kocaba, H Janin-Manificat, L Abouaf, M Poli, A-S Marty, M Rabilloud, J Fleury, C Burillon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of artificial iris intraocular lenses sutured to the sclera for managing traumatic aphakia and aniridia. METHODS: All consecutive cases receiving a Morcher(®) combination implant from June 2008 to February 2016 in Edouard-Herriot Hospital (Lyon, France) were included in this single-center retrospective study. Visual acuity, subjective degree of glare, quality of life and surgical complications were evaluated. RESULTS: Seventeen eyes of 17 patients were included, among which 82% were male...
September 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771946/prophylactic-intravitreal-antibiotics-reduce-the-risk-of-post-traumatic-endophthalmitis-after-repair-of-open-globe-injuries
#10
Marwan A Abouammoh, Abdullah Al-Mousa, Mohammad Gogandi, Hani Al-Mezaine, Essam Osman, Abdulrahman M Alsharidah, Abdullah Al-Kharashi, Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar
PURPOSE: To investigate efficacy of prophylactic intravitreal antibiotics in reducing incidence of endophthalmitis after repair of open globe injuries. At King Abdulaziz University Hospital, a standard protocol of intravenous vancomycin and ceftazidime was used in all cases. METHODS: Charts of 353 patients who presented between January 2010 and January 2014 with open globe injury were retrospectively reviewed. In addition, the standard protocol in this cohort included prophylactic intravitreal antibiotics in high-risk cases at time of primary repair...
August 3, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757688/ocular-trauma-a-tertiary-hospital-experience-from-oman
#11
Haitham H Al-Mahrouqi, Naila Al-Harthi, Maryam Al-Wahaibi, Kishore Hanumantharayappa
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of ocular trauma in a tertiary hospital setting in Muscat, Oman. METHODS: Medical records of all cases of ocular trauma which presented to the Emergency Department at Al-Nahdha Hospital and were seen by the ophthalmology service from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2013 (6 months) were reviewed to collect data on ocular trauma according to the World Eye Injury Registry initial reporting form which uses the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706770/open-globe-injury-with-an-interesting-intra-ocular-foreign-body
#12
Ekjyot Gill, Matthew Shulman, Sid Schechet, Lawson Grumbine
Introduction: Cases of penetrating ocular trauma due to osseous material are limited, so reported incidents are valuable in determining outcomes and proper treatment courses. Case description: We report a case of an open globe injury of the left eye with an intraocular foreign body occurring after a firework exploded in the hand of a 22-year-old man. The patient presented with light perception vision in the injured eye with a full-thickness limbal laceration and dense hyphema obscuring fundoscopy. CT scan revealed a hyperdense foreign body juxtaposed to the lens...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678602/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-open-globe-trauma-in-the-urban-versus-rural-population-a-single-center-retrospective-review
#13
Roxana Fu, Swarupa Kancherla, Andrew W Eller, Jenny Y Yu
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristics and outcomes of open globe injuries sustained by the urban population compared to the rural population. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of 429 patients presenting to University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Presbyterian Hospital with traumatic open globes from July 2005 to July 2013. RESULTS: Rural patients had a longer time which elapsed from injury to presentation (P = 0.023, average 12...
July 5, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664705/lawn-mower-injuries-as-a-cause-of-serious-visual-acuity-impairment-case-reports
#14
Monika Jasielska, Mateusz Winiarczyk, Paweł Bieliński, Jerzy Mackiewicz
[b]Abstract Objective.[/b] The aim of the study is to present four cases of lawn mowers injuries as a cause of serious visual acuity impairment. [b]Materials and Method[/b]. A retrospective study of four patients admitted in 2013-2015 to the Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery in Lublin with severe open or closed globe injury, one with an intraocular foreign body (IOFB). The presence of eye protective equipment was assessed, as well as visual acuity, eye tissue condition before and after treatment, and applied therapy...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662312/accuracy-of-computed-tomography-imaging-criteria-in-the-diagnosis-of-adult-open-globe-injuries-by-neuroradiology-and-ophthalmology
#15
Eric L Crowell, Vivek A Koduri, Emilio P Supsupin, Robert E Klinglesmith, Alice Z Chuang, Gene Kim, Laura A Baker, Robert M Feldman, Lauren S Blieden
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT) diagnosis of open globes, determine which imaging factors are most predictive of open globe injuries, and evaluate the agreement between neuroradiologist and ophthalmologist readers for diagnosis of open and closed globes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study. Patients who presented to Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center with suspicion for open globes were reviewed...
September 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635048/prophylactic-chorioretinectomy-for-eye-injuries-with-high-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy-risk
#16
Ferenc Kuhn, Wolfgang Schrader
With its incidence exceeding 60%, proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) remains the most important pathology responsible for loss of vision, even the eyeball, after certain types of severe trauma. In this article, we present results obtained using our novel surgical technique, prophylactic chorioretinectomy (PCR), to prevent the development of PVR. Data on severely injured eyes at high risk for PVR [rupture, posterior laceration, deep-impact intraocular foreign body (IOFB) trauma, perforating injury] were collected prospectively...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624909/acute-ocular-traumatic-imaging-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#17
Jarett Thelen, Asha A Bhatt, Alok A Bhatt
Acute ocular trauma accounts for a substantial number of emergency department visits in the USA, and represents a significant source of disability to patients; however, the orbits remain a potential blind spot for radiologists. The goal of this article is to review the relevant anatomy of the orbit and imaging findings associated with commonly encountered acute ocular traumatic pathology, while highlighting the salient information which should be reported to the ordering clinician. Topics discussed include trauma to the anterior and posterior chamber, lens dislocations, intraocular foreign bodies, and open and contained globe injuries...
June 17, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613214/ex-vivo-model-for-the-characterization-and-identification-of-drywall-intraocular-foreign-bodies-on-computed-tomography
#18
Reema Syed, Sung-Hye Kim, Agustina Palacio, William R Nunery, Shlomit Schaal
BACKGROUND: The study was inspired after the authors encountered a patient with a penetrating globe injury due to drywall, who had retained intraocular drywall foreign body. Computed tomography (CT) was read as normal in this patient. Open globe injury with drywall has never been reported previously in the literature and there are no previous studies describing its radiographic features. METHODS: The case report is described in detail elsewhere. This was an experimental study...
June 6, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612462/epithelial-invasion-after-open-globe-injury
#19
Arne Viestenz, Berthold Seitz, Anja Viestenz, Gottfried O H Naumann
Epithelial invasion after open globe injury is a rare complication. Wrong treatment (laser opening of the cyst) or no treatment can lead to painful blindness. Forty percent (25/62) of patients with block excision with epithelial downgrowth had a history of open globe injury. Four of them were female. Their mean age was 45 ±21 years. A tectonic keratoplasty with block excision was performed on 25 patients. Seven of them had simultaneously undergone cataract surgery. The mean extension of epithelial invasion was 3...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607671/epidemiology-of-ocular-trauma-in-children-requiring-hospital-admission-a-16-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Kajo Bućan, Anita Matas, Josipa Marin Lovrić, Darko Batistić, Ivna Pleština Borjan, Livia Puljak, Ivona Bućan
BACKGROUND: To study the epidemiology of ocular trauma requiring hospital admission in children under 18 years in age. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included pediatric patients with ocular injuries at the Ophthalmology Department of the Clinical Hospital Centre, Split, Croatia, from 2000 to 2015, classified according to the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology. RESULTS: There were 353 children hospitalized, 82% of boys (mean age 11 years) and 18% of girls (mean age 10 years)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
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