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Open globe injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728657/major-ocular-trauma-in-taiwan-2002-2004-versus-2012-2014
#1
Yi-Sheng Chang, Yu-Ti Teng, Yi-Hsun Huang, Mei-Ling Liu, Jia-Horung Hung, Sheng-Min Hsu, Fu-Chin Huang, Min-Hsiu Shih, Wan-Ju Chen, Chun-Chieh Lai, Shu-Fang Hsiao, Shih-Hao Wang, Sung-Huei Tseng
We investigated the temporal changes in major eye injuries in Taiwan by reviewing the medical records of all patients with ocular trauma hospitalized at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital during 2002-2004 and 2012-2014. A total of 169 eyes (161 patients) during 2002-2004 and 121 eyes (120 patients) during 2012-2014 were enrolled (mean ± SD age: 41.9 ± 20.8 years in 2002-2004, and 51.8 ± 19.3 years in 2012-2014). Males accounted for ~75% of patients. The most frequent injury-causing object was metallic material (~24%), and blunt traumas were most frequently attributable to traffic accidents and falls...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719643/quantitative-analysis-of-macular-thickness-following-open-globe-injury-in-subjects-with-clear-media-and-no-retinal-damage
#2
Farshad Ostadian, Fereydoun Farrahi, Maryam Hajizadeh
Purpose: To evaluate the change in macular thickness after open globe injury (OGI) in patients with clear media and without retinal damage using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: In this longitudinal observational pilot study, 17 patients with clear media and without retinal damage who underwent repair of OGI for corneal, corneoscleral, or scleral laceration were studied. In addition to routine follow-up, all patients were examined at the first and third postoperative months and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp examination, applanation tonometry, dilated fundus examinations, and macular OCT scans were documented...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712604/a-new-approach-to-an-old-technique-the-s-u-t-r-first-technique
#3
Frank Jones, Catherine Lewis, Darryl Knight, Louise Bacon, Vijay Patel, Carolyn Moore
Ventral and incisional hernias of the abdominal wall are common problems treated by surgeons around the globe. Incisional hernias are common postoperative complications of abdominal laparotomies with a reported incidence of up to 20 per cent. The increasing use of prosthetic mesh in open ventral hernia repairs necessitated the development of different operative techniques used in the repairs. It also required that surgeons become facile with placement of the mesh in different anatomical positions on the abdominal wall...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675348/clinical-histopathology-of-intrachoroidal-splitting-in-open-globe-injury-a-retrospective-case-series-of-four-patients
#4
Liang Han, Yen-Ling Cho, Zhizhong Ma, Xinrong Zhao, Xin Chang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to observe the characteristics of intrachoroidal splitting (ICS) associated with choroidal detachment due to open-globe injury. METHODS: A retrospective, observational case series study of four eyes diagnosed with choroidal detachment exhibited ICS. The in vivo pathologic changes of the ICS were recorded during surgery. Four specimens were obtained from the inner part of the ICS region. One specimen was stained with hematoxylin and eosin; one specimen was examined under scanning electron microscopy, and the other two specimens were examined under transmission electron microscopy...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659145/ocular-trauma-in-the-finnish-elderly-helsinki-ocular-trauma-study
#5
Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiology, causes, treatments and outcomes of all ocular injuries in southern Finland among people aged 61 and older. METHODS: All new ocular trauma patients, admitted to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital, during 1 year in 2011-2012. The data were from hospital records and prospectively from patient questionnaires. The follow-up time was 3 months. RESULTS: The incidence for ocular injuries among the elderly was 38/100 000/year...
April 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605433/epidemiological-profile-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-northern-india
#6
Shazia Qayum, Rashid Anjum, Shagufta Rather
PURPOSE: Ocular trauma is one of the most common causes of acquired blindness in children. It measures about 8%-14% of total childhood injuries. This study aims to determine the epidemiological profile of ocular trauma in the pediatric age group attending a tertiary hospital in northern India. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in our hospital between June 2014 to July 2015 and all the children aged 0-16 years presenting with ocular trauma in eye outpatient department and emergency were enrolled in the study...
March 3, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578935/penetrating-ocular-injury-with-retained-intraocular-foreign-body-from-drywall
#7
Reema Syed, Sung-Hye Kim, Agustina Palacio, William R Nunery, Shlomit Schaal
PURPOSE: To present a case of open globe injury and retained intraocular foreign body secondary to drywall. METHODS: Interventional case report. RESULTS: A 21-year-old man presented with corneal laceration, iris defect, and vitreous hemorrhage after hammering drywall. Computed tomography scan was negative for intraocular foreign body, but a drywall intraretinal foreign body was found on 25-gauge vitrectomy. Intraoperative findings and 6-month follow-up are presented...
March 23, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552670/endophthalmitis-caused-by-gram-positive-bacteria-resistant-to-vancomycin-clinical-settings-causative-organisms-antimicrobial-susceptibilities-and-treatment-outcomes
#8
Hegde Sharat Shivaramaiah, Nidhi Relhan, Avinash Pathengay, Nitin Mohan, Harry W Flynn
Purpose: To report the clinical settings, causative organisms, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and treatment outcomes of patients with endophthalmitis caused by gram-positive bacteria resistant to vancomycin. Methods: Retrospective case series of all patients with culture-proven endophthalmitis caused by gram-positive bacteria resistant to vancomycin between January 2010 and December 2016 in LV Prasad Eye Institute, Visakhapatnam, India. Results: The current study included 14 patients...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546473/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-fall-related-open-globe-injuries-in-japan
#9
Shohei Morikawa, Yoshifumi Okamoto, Fumiki Okamoto, Naoki Inomoto, Hiroto Ishikawa, Kozo Harimoto, Tetsuo Ueda, Taiji Sakamoto, Tetsuro Oshika
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and visual outcomes in patients with fall-related open globe injuries and to evaluate differences between fall-related and non-fall-related open globe injuries in Japan. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with open globe injury who presented to Japan-Clinical Research of Study (J-CREST) hospitals between 2005 and 2015 was enrolled. Clinical information including age, sex, initial visual acuity, final visual acuity, type of injury, status of the crystalline lens, zone of injury, wound length, presence of retinal detachment, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, expulsive hemorrhage, and endophthalmitis was recorded...
March 15, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522718/knockdown-of-survivin-results-in-inhibition-of-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-by-attenuating-the-tgf%C3%AE-pathway
#10
Peng Zhang, Guannan Zhao, Liang Ji, Jinggang Yin, Lu Lu, Wei Li, Guomin Zhou, Edward Chaum, Junming Yue
Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a common complication of open globe injury and the most common cause of failed retinal detachment surgery. The response by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells liberated into the vitreous includes proliferation and migration; most importantly, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of RPE plays a central role in the development and progress of PVR. For the first time, we show that knockdown of BIRC5, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, using either lentiviral vector based CRISPR/Cas9 nickase gene editing or inhibition of survivin using the small-molecule inhibitor YM155, results in the suppression of EMT in RPE cells...
April 6, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502623/refractive-and-visual-outcomes-after-surgery-for-pediatric-traumatic-cataract
#11
Anne-Marie Yardley, Asim Ali, Nasrin Najm-Tehrani, Kamiar Mireskandari
PURPOSE: To describe refractive and visual outcomes of pediatric traumatic cataract requiring surgery and evaluate the factors influencing success. SETTING: Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Charts of children having lensectomy for traumatic cataract between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2015, were reviewed for demographic information, visual and refractive outcomes, complications, and surgical details...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468213/acute-onset-endophthalmitis-caused-by-staphylococcus-lugdunensis
#12
Robert B Garoon, Darlene Miller, Harry W Flynn
Purpose: To report a series of patients with acute-onset bacterial endophthalmitis caused by culture proven Staphylococcus lugdunensis , and to characterize clinical outcomes and microbiologic susceptibilities of this organism. Observations: The study included six eyes of 6 patients. The etiologies included cataract surgery (3), open globe injury (2), and intravitreal injection (1). Isolates of S. lugdunensis demonstrated sensitivity to vancomycin in all cases reported...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381601/open-globe-injury-demographic-and-clinical-features
#13
Sevinc Sahin Atik, Seyda Ugurlu, Emine Deniz Egrilmez
BACKGROUND: Open globe injuries (OGIs) are the main cause of visual impairment worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and the visual outcome of OGIs presented to the largest Teaching Hospital in Western part of Turkey. METHODS: The study included patients presented with OGI between Jan 2009 and Dec 2013. Data including patient demographics, causes of injury, visual acuity (VA) at presentation, and final VA were collected. Ocular Trauma Scores (OTS) were calculated...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350365/characteristics-of-pediatric-and-adult-cases-with-open-globe-injury-and-factors-affecting-visual-outcomes-a-retrospective-analysis-of-294-cases-from-turkey
#14
Işıl Kutlutürk Karagöz, Esin Söğütlü Sarı, Anıl Kubaloğlu, Ahmet Elbay, Ümit Çallı, David P Pinero, Yusuf Özertürk, Titap Yazıcıoğlu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate 1-year follow-up results of cases that were diagnosed with open globe injury (OGI), to compare trauma-related characteristics between pediatric and adult cases, and to determine risk factors for a poor final visual acuity. METHODS: This study enrolled 294 cases that met the OGI definition and were followed up for at least 1 year. Demographic and clinical features regarding ocular trauma were recorded. The cases were divided into two groups according to age: pediatric (≤16 years) and adult (>16 years) groups...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#15
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284858/the-influence-of-two-different-doses-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-intraocular-pressure-variations-after-injection-of-succinylcholine-and-endotracheal-intubation-a-prospective-randomized-parallel-three-arm-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Hany Mahmoud Yassin, Ahmed Tohamy Abdel Moneim, Ahmed Sherin Mostafa Bayoumy, Hasan Metwally Bayoumy, Sameh Galal Taher
Background: The use of succinylcholine for rapid sequence induction in patients with open globe injuries may be detrimental to the eye. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine if the premedication with magnesium sulfate (MgSO4 ) could attenuate the increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) associated with succinylcholine injection and intubation. Setting: Operation theaters in a tertiary care University Hospital between December 2014 and July 215...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217351/endophthalmitis-then-and-now
#17
Nidhi Relhan, Richard K Forster, Harry W Flynn
PURPOSE: To report historically evolving strategies (then and now) in prevention and management of endophthalmitis. DESIGN: A perspective on relevant topics in the prophylaxis and management of endophthalmitis. METHODS: This is an author-selected review of studies leading to changes in strategies for endophthalmitis management over the last 100 years. RESULTS: The current perspective discusses the trends and strategies over the past century...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214074/tilt-decentration-and-internal-higher-order-aberrations-of-sutured-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lenses-in-patients-with-open-globe-injuries
#18
Xiangjia Zhu, Yinglei Zhang, Wenwen He, Hongfei Ye, Chunhui Jiang, Yi Lu
Purpose: To evaluate the tilt, decentration, and internal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) of sutured posterior-chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) in patients with open globe injuries. Methods: 46 consecutive patients (47 eyes) who underwent transsclerally sutured IOL implantation were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Nineteen eyes had a history of open globe injury. The tilt and decentration of the IOLs and the visual quality were measured 1 month after surgery...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212712/a-reversible-thermoresponsive-sealant-for-temporary-closure-of-ocular-trauma
#19
Niki Bayat, Yi Zhang, Paulo Falabella, Roby Menefee, John J Whalen, Mark S Humayun, Mark E Thompson
Open globe injuries are full-thickness injuries sustained to the eye wall (cornea or sclera), which cause immediate drops in intraocular pressure that may lead to retinal detachment and permanent vision loss if not treated rapidly after injury. The current standard of care for open globe injuries consists of suturing the margins closed, but the technique can be time-consuming, requires specialized training and equipment, and can lead to patient discomfort, abrasion, and infection from eye rubbing. We engineered an injectable, thermoresponsive sealant (TRS) and a custom tool to occlude open globe injuries...
December 6, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181328/combined-penetrating-keratoplasty-pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-implant-after-open-globe-injury-a-challenging-approach
#20
João Beato, António B Melo, Pedro A Faria, Luís Torrão, Fernando Falcão-Reis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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