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Open globe injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107485/better-visual-outcome-by-intraocular-lens-ejection-in-geriatric-patients-with-ruptured-ocular-injuries
#1
Hiroki Kaneko, Tetsu Asami, Tadasu Sugita, Taichi Tsunekawa, Toshiyuki Matsuura, Kei Takayama, Kentaro Yamamoto, Shu Kachi, Yasuki Ito, Shinji Ueno, Norie Nonobe, Keiko Kataoka, Ayana Suzumura, Takeshi Iwase, Hiroko Terasaki
Ocular trauma is one of the leading causes of visual impairment worldwide. Because of the popularity of cataract surgeries, aged individuals with ocular trauma commonly have a surgical wound in their eyes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual outcome of cases that were coincident with intraocular lens (IOL) ejection in the eyes with ruptured open-globe ocular injuries. Consecutive patients with open-globe ocular injuries were first reviewed. Patients' characteristics, corrected distance visual acuities (CDVAs) over 3 years after the trauma, causes of injuries, traumatic wound patterns, and coexistence of retinal detachment were examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101038/successful-management-in-a-case-of-traumatic-retinal-detachment-due-to-open-globe-injury-using-microincisional-vitrectomy
#2
Wei-Yu Lai, Tsung-Tien Wu
BACKGROUND: Retinal detachment (RD) following ocular trauma often results in guarded visual prognosis and sometimes leads to loss of the eye. With the advent of microincisional vitrectomy surgery and the development of surgical techniques, the management of ocular trauma has been transformed. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old man sustained an open globe injury from fragmented glass at work. He received primary repair and another follow-up surgery 9 days later, including vitrectomy, silicone oil tamponade, and lensectomy for RD and traumatic cataract at another medical center...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088932/trauma-of-the-globe-state-of-art-in-global-and-in-china
#3
Zhuo Chen, Shi-Ming Li
Current states of traumatic eye injury are reviewed in terms of epidemiology in the developing countries and developed countries, causes of the trauma, eye injury types, traumatic eye injury diagnostic methods and treatments. Trauma-caused vision-threatening conditions such as open global injury, traumatic optic neuropathy and proliferative vitreoretinopathy are particularly discussed. Also the most updated clinic research in China as Eye Injury Vitrectomy Study is discussed. At the end, the current achievements and research in traumatic eye injury in the world are summerized...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088931/development-of-medical-treatment-for-eye-injuries-in-the-mainland-of-china-over-the-past-decade
#4
Chang-Guan Wang, Zhi-Zhong Ma
In the article, the development of medical treatment for eye injuries in the mainland of China was reviewed. According to the data provided in Eye Injury Vitrectomy Study (EIVS), 27% of 72 eyes with no light perception (NLP) gained recovery in term of antomy and visual function. Vitrectomy initiated at more than 4 weeks after open eye injury is an independent risk factor for developing PVR. Prognosis of anatomy and visual function of the injured eye with PVR is markedly worse than that without PVR. Serious injuries of ciliary body, choroid and retina are three key parts of the eye with NLP...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005755/management-of-zygomatic-fractures-in-young-patients-technical-modifications-for-aesthetic-and-functional-results
#5
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe D'Alessio, Sergio Brongo, Maurizio Gargiulo, Pier Paolo Claudio
INTRODUCTION: The zygomaticomaxillary complex is very vulnerable to injury because of its intrinsically prominent convexity. There are 2 different surgical approaches for the therapy of these fractures: closed reduction and open reduction. In the open reduction 2 or 3 fixation points with related incisions are usually necessary in dislocated fractures: osteosynthesis must be performed starting from zygomaticofrontal suture when dislocated at this site, followed by zygomatic body fixation on the anterior sinus wall, anterior orbital floor margin fixation, and finally orbital floor reconstruction in case of eye globe dislocation with diplopia...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999681/timing-and-outcomes-of-vitreoretinal-surgery-after-traumatic-retinal-detachment
#6
REVIEW
Molly Orban, Yasmin Florence Khodeja Islam, Luis J Haddock
Traumatic retinal detachments are a significant cause of morbidity. There are currently no evidence-based guidelines on the appropriate time to perform vitreoretinal surgery to repair a traumatic retinal detachment. Early intervention, within seven days of the inciting trauma, may decrease proliferative vitreoretinopathy and postoperative endophthalmitis. Later intervention may yield a reduced risk of inflammation and hemorrhage, particularly in cases of concomitant open globe injuries. This article reviews the literature on the management of retinal detachments associated with ocular trauma from the years 2006 to 2016...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960623/surgical-management-and-outcome-of-open-globe-injuries-with-posterior-segment-complications-a-10-year-review
#7
Tian Xia, Alain Bauza, Nishant G Soni, Marco A Zarbin, Paul D Langer, Neelakshi Bhagat
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics, management, and outcomes of open globe injured (OGI) eyes that underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for posterior segment complications. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of cases that underwent PPV for posterior segment complications associated with OGI between 2003-2012 at University Hospital, Newark, NJ. RESULTS: 120 eyes were identified and classified as follows: "early retinal detachment (RD)" (within 30 days of OGI), 64 (53%) eyes; "delayed RD" (≥30 days after OGI), 30 (25%) eyes; and "no RD," 26 (22%) eyes...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935236/ocular-traumas-in-working-age-adults-in-finland-helsinki-ocular-trauma-study
#8
Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiology, causes, treatments and outcomes of ocular injuries in adults aged 17 to 60 in southern Finland. METHODS: All new ocular trauma patients admitted to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital (HUEH), during 1 year in 2011-2012. The data were from hospital records and prospectively from patient questionnaires. The follow-up time was 3 months. RESULTS: The incidence for ocular injury was 88/100 000/year. From 831 trauma patients, 80% were men, 34% were work-related injuries, and 11% were assaults...
December 9, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874147/open-globe-eye-injury-characteristics-and-prognostic-factors-in-jazan-saudi-arabia
#9
Mashaal A Makhrash, Ibrahim M Gosadi
To evaluate characteristics and prognostic factors of open globe injuries (OGI) presented to King Fahad Specialist Hospital in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This study is a retrospective review of medical records of OGI patients who underwent operative repair of their injuries in King Fahad Central Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia between January 2011 and December 2013. Demographic information, eye injury, preoperative, and postoperative visual acuity were collected. The initial and final visual acuity outcomes were compared to identify subjects who witnessed any improvement in their visual acuity...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803871/analysis-on-sports-and-recreation-activity-related-eye-injuries-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#10
Sungbae Moon, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Jae Yun Ahn, Jung Bae Park, Kang Suk Seo, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Kang Hyun Lee, In Sool Yoo, Jin Seong Cho, Hyun Ho Ryu, Tae Oh Jeong, Seok Ran Yeom, Young Taek Kim, Sung Ok Hong
AIM: To investigate the incidence and general characteristics of sports-related eye injuries in patients visiting the Emergency Department. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-center, observational study. Patients with an injured eye who visited the Emergency Department at one of nine hospitals in Korea were enrolled. All data were prospectively collected between March and September 2010 using a questionnaire. Eye injuries that occurred during risky sports were examined by gender and age...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800177/epidemiological-features-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma-in-egypt
#11
Ebrahim Abdullah Yehia Al Wadeai, Amr Abdellatif Osman, Tamer A Macky, Mahmoud M Soliman
Purpose. To review the epidemiology of serious pediatric ocular trauma presenting to Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University. Methods. Children with serious ocular trauma during a six-month period were examined and their data was analyzed. Results. Eighty eyes of 75 patients were included in this study, with 64% males (P < 0.001) and average age of 5 years (5 months-15 years). There were 67 (83.75%) open globe injuries, 11 (13.75%) closed globe injuries, and 2 (2.5%) chemical injuries. Of the open globe injuries, 24 (30%) were ruptured globes and 43 (53...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793818/randomised-controlled-trial-of-prophylactic-antibiotic-treatment-for-the-prevention-of-endophthalmitis-after-open-globe-injury-at-groote-schuur-hospital
#12
N Du Toit, S Mustak, C Cook
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Most post-traumatic acute infectious endophthalmitis occur within a week of open globe trauma, necessitating early antibiotic prophylaxis. There are few randomised studies that demonstrate the benefits of prophylactic antibiotics. This randomised controlled non-inferiority trial was aimed at determining the incidence of post-traumatic endophthalmitis using established intravenous/oral prophylaxis and comparing this to the incidence using oral antibiotics only. METHODS: All adult patients admitted with open globe injury were included...
October 28, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787448/smoking-is-a-risk-factor-for-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy-after-traumatic-retinal-detachment
#13
Dean Eliott, Tomasz P Stryjewski, Michael T Andreoli, Christopher M Andreoli
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of retinal redetachment due to proliferative vitreoretinopathy after open-globe trauma in smokers and nonsmokers. METHODS: A total of 892 patients comprising 893 open-globe injuries, in whom 255 eyes were diagnosed with a retinal detachment, and 138 underwent surgical repair were analyzed in a retrospective case-control study. Time to redetachment was examined using the Kaplan-Meier method and analysis of risk factors was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards modeling...
October 26, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779559/traumatic-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy-clinical-and-histopathological-observations
#14
Ying Jin, Huijin Chen, Xiaojian Xu, Yuntao Hu, Changguan Wang, Zhizhong Ma
PURPOSE: To determine the phases of traumatic proliferative vitreoretinopathy after open globe injury by assessing cellular components, extracellular matrix constituents of proliferative vitreoretinopathy membranes, and intraretinal changes over time. METHODS: Twenty-one epiretinal and/or subretinal membrane specimens were obtained from 21 patients with open globe injuries. The patients were divided into Groups A (≤28 days), B (29-120 days), and C (>120 days) according to the interval between injury and vitrectomy...
October 21, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762442/paediatric-ocular-and-adnexal-injuries-requiring-hospitalisation-in-western-australia
#15
Anne-Marie E Yardley, Annette K Hoskin, Kate Hanman, Paul G Sanfilippo, Geoffrey C Lam, David A Mackey
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of ocular and adnexal injuries requiring hospitalisation in children in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: This is a hospital-based retrospective review of children admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital for Children with diagnoses of ocular and/or adnexal trauma from 2002-2013. Hospital charts were reviewed for demographic information, injury and management details, follow-up and visual outcome...
October 20, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751822/positive-vitreous-pressure-pathophysiology-complications-prevention-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Argyrios Chronopoulos, Gabriele Thumann, James Schutz
Positive vitreous pressure occurs during anterior segment intraocular surgery associated with acute hypotony and is characterized by forward displacement of the lens-iris diaphragm with shallowing of the anterior chamber resistant to reformation, repeated iris prolapse, and, in severe cases, zonular rupture and vitreous or lens prolapse that can lead to a cascade of intraoperative complications. Positive vitreous pressure is particularly common during penetrating keratoplasty, conventional nuclear expression cataract extraction, and repair of anterior open-globe injury...
October 15, 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660410/visual-outcome-after-emergency-surgery-for-open-globe-eye-injury-in-japan
#17
Ai Toride, Hiroshi Toshida, Asaki Matsui, Yusuke Matsuzaki, Rio Honda, Toshihiko Ohta, Akira Murakami
BACKGROUND: Most patients with open globe eye injury are brought to hospital as emergency patients and usually require admission for emergency surgery. We analyzed the visual outcome in patients with open globe eye injury at our hospital over a 4-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 40 eyes of 40 patients with open globe eye injury who were presented to Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital and required emergency surgery during the 4 years from January 2010 to December 2014...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621791/approach-to-management-of-eyes-with-no-light-perception-after-open-globe-injury
#18
Neelakshi Bhagat, Roger Turbin, Paul Langer, N G Soni, A M Bauza, J H Son, David Chu, Mohammad Dastjerdi, Marco Zarbin
Loss of light perception (LP) after open globe injury (OGI) does not necessarily mean the patient will have permanent complete visual loss. Findings that seem to be associated reliably with permanent profound vision loss after OGI include optic nerve avulsion, optic nerve transection, and profound loss of intraocular contents, which can be identified with CT/MRI imaging albeit with varying degrees of confidence. Eyes with NLP after OGI that undergo successful primary repair with intact optic nerves may be considered for additional surgery, particularly if there is: (1) recovery of LP on the first day after primary repair; (2) treatable pathology underlying NLP status (e...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589050/clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-factors-of-scleral-rupture-due-to-blunt-ocular-trauma
#19
O E Yucel, S Demir, L Niyaz, O Sayin, A Gul, N Ariturk
PurposeTo describe and identify ocular and wound characteristics, and prognostic factors associated with final visual acuity (VA) in patients with scleral rupture due to blunt ocular trauma.MethodsThe medical records of 61 patients with globe rupture due to blunt ocular trauma who underwent primary repair were reviewed retrospectively. The data recorded included demographic characteristics, initial and final VA, ocular signs, wound characteristics, and surgeries. Initial VA, ocular signs, wound characteristics, and surgeries were analyzed to determine the association with the final VA...
December 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570455/altered-spontaneous-brain-activity-patterns-in-patients-with-unilateral-acute-open-globe-injury-using-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuation-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#20
Gang Tan, Xin Huang, Lei Ye, An-Hua Wu, Li-Xian He, Yu-Lin Zhong, Nan Jiang, Fu-Qing Zhou, Yi Shao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate altered spontaneous brain activities in patients with unilateral acute open globe injury (OGI) using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method and its relationship with their clinical manifestations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 18 patients with acute OGI (16 males and two females) and 18 healthy controls (HCs, 16 males and two females) closely matched in age, sex, and education were recruited in this study...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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