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Colloidal silver

Alessandro Buccolieri, Antonio Serra, Gabriele Giancane, Daniela Manno
Silver nanoparticles were synthesized in the presence of saccharides and ammonia (NH3 ) in the concentration range from 10-2 to 103 ppm to develop an optical sensor for NH3 in aqueous solutions. Ammonia affects the features of the nanoparticles obtained in a concentration-dependent manner as determined by UV-vis absorption analysis and TEM observations. Structural and morphological analysis provides the basis for the production of a colorimetric label-free sensor for ammonia. Overall, surface plasmon resonance increases when ammonia concentration rises, although the functional trend is not the same over the entire investigated ammonia concentration range...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Sami A Alyahya, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Ramzi A Mothana, Mohammed N Al-Anbr, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Ramachandran Ishwarya, Mariappan Yazhiniprabha, Giovanni Benelli
Recent research in entomology and parasitology focused on the efficacy of green fabricated nanomaterials as novel insecticides. In this study, we synthesized poly-dispersed and stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the leaf extract of Holostemma ada-kodien. The nanostructures were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, and X-ray diffraction analysis. The efficacy of H...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Liangbao Yang, Borong Yu, Pan Li, Binbin Zhou, Xianghu Tang, Shaofei Li
A sodium chloride crystals-driven spontaneously hot spots structure was demonstrated as SERS-active platform to get reproducible SERS signals and eliminate the need for mapping large areas in comparison with solution phase. During the process of solvent evaporation, the crystals produced in colloids induced silver aggregates assemble around themselves. And the micro-scale crystals can act as the template to obtain optical position, such that the assembled hot area is conventionally located during SERS measurements...
February 26, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Christine E Gilmartin, To-Hao Vo-Tran, Laura Leung
Background The use of oral complementary and alternative medicines, including herbal supplements, has been increasing in pregnant women worldwide despite limited safety data. The decision of healthcare professionals to recommend these products to pregnant patients is controversial and not well documented. Objective To explore the recommendations and information sources that healthcare professionals use to determine the safety of oral non-prescribed supplements during pregnancy. Setting An Australian metropolitan maternity hospital...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Jasmina Stojkovska, Zeljka Djurdjevic, Ivan Jancic, Biljana Bufan, Marina Milenkovic, Radmila Jankovic, Vesna Miskovic-Stankovic, Bojana Obradovic
In the present study, possibilities for using novel nanocomposites based on alginate and silver nanoparticles for wound treatment were investigated in a second-degree thermal burn model in Wistar rats. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were electrochemically synthesized in alginate solutions that were further utilized to obtain the Ag/alginate solution and microfibers for subsequent in vivo studies. Daily applications of the Ag/alginate colloid solution, containing AgNPs, alginate and ascorbic acid (G3), wet Ag/alginate microfibers containing AgNPs (G5) and dry Ag/alginate microfibers containing AgNPs (G6) were compared to treatments with a commercial cream containing silver sulfadiazine (G2) and a commercial Ca-alginate wound dressing containing silver ions (G4), as well as to the untreated controls (G1)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Navaporn Sritong, Siwat Chumsook, Sineenat Siri
Due to size- and shape-dependent properties, a shape-controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is one of the research challenging topics for their production and potential applications. This work reported the simple eco-friendly syntheses of different shaped AgNPs controlled by the plasmid DNA content and light emitting diodes (LEDs) irradiation. The synthesized AgNPs appeared as yellow, orange and green colloidal AgNPs, which transmission electron microscope (TEM) images revealed their different shapes; spherical AgNPs, a mixture of spherical and hexagonal AgNPs, and a mixture of spherical, hexagonal and corner-truncated triangle AgNPs, respectively...
February 19, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Joanna Makselon, Nina Siebers, Florian Meier, Harry Vereecken, Erwin Klumpp
Undisturbed outdoor lysimeters containing arable loamy sand soil were used to examine the influence of either heavy rain events (high frequency of high rain intensity), steady rain (continuous rainfall of low rain intensity), and natural rainfall on the transport and retention of surfactant-stabilized silver nanoparticles (AgNP). In addition, the AgNP-soil associations within the A p horizon were analyzed by means of particle-size fractionation, asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation coupled with UV/Vis-detection and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (AF4-UV/Vis-ICP-MS), and transmission electron microscopy coupled to an energy-dispersive X-ray (TEM-EDX) analyzer...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Ji-Hyun Kim, Sang-Won Park, Hyun-Pil Lim, Chan Park, Kwi-Dug Yun
The major failure of dental restorations is caused by dental caries by S. mutans. This study evaluated the effect of nanosized silver ions in feldspathic porcelain on cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activity. The control group was feldspathic porcelain (Noritake EX-3, Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc., Japan) that did not contain Ag (silver). The experimental groups were feldspathic porcelain mixed with colloidal solutions of nanosized silver ions in mixtures of 5% 10%, 20%, 30%. Cell activity assays evaluated with osteoblast hFOB 1...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
W Norsyuhada, W M Shukri, Noriah Bidin, Shumaila Islam, Ganesan Krishnan
Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles are physically synthesized using rapid, simple and efficient Q-switched Nd:YAG pulsed laser ablation in liquid technique (PLAL). Au and Ag colloidal solutions are separately prepared by 1064 nm laser ablation of metallic target (gold and silver) which is immersed in deionized water. Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles are prepared by irradiating the mixture of Au and Ag colloidal solutions with 532 nm of second harmonic wavelength of Nd:YAG laser at three different ratio, 3:1, 1:1 and 1:3 within different exposure times...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
S M Restaino, I M White
Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has the potential to enable point-of-care sensing across the spectrum of chemical and biological analytes. In diagnostic assays, SERS has been demonstrated to increase the multiplexing density while reducing the burden of fluorescence hardware. One particular application of interest is the use of SERS to provide a multiplexed optical read-out following polymerase chain reaction (PCR). To date, however, the reported PCR-SERS assays require endpoint mixing with a plasmonic nanoparticle solution for detection, thus adding manual steps and preventing real-time, quantitative PCR...
February 13, 2018: Lab on a Chip
Anna Tycova, Renata F Gerhardt, Detlev Belder
Coupling microchip capillary electrophoresis to surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (MCE-SERS) combines the high separation power of capillary electrophoresis with the capability to obtain vibrational fingerprint spectra for compound identification. Raman spectroscopy is a structurally descriptive and label-free detection method which is particularly suited for chemical analysis because it is non-destructive and allows the identification of analytes. However, it suffers from poor sensitivity and sometimes even requires acquisition times far longer than the typical peak width of electrophoretic separations...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Di Zhang, Li Huang, Bing Liu, Haibin Ni, Liangdong Sun, Enben Su, Hongyuan Chen, Zhongze Gu, Xiangwei Zhao
Rapid and sensitive quantification of multiplex proteins in a wide concentration range is challenging in high throughput analysis. Herein, we proposed a lateral flow assay (LFA) based on core-shell surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanotags for multiplex and quantitative detection of cardiac biomarkers for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In practice, Raman dyes (RDs) were embedded into the interior-gap of silver core and gold shell nanoparticles (NPs) to form SERS nanotags as labels instead of gold colloids and three test lines were employed in the strip for the detection of three cardiac biomarkers, Myo, cTnI, and CK-MB, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Tuğba Köker, Nathalie Tang, Chao Tian, Wei Zhang, Xueding Wang, Richard Martel, Fabien Pinaud
The in cellulo assembly of plasmonic nanomaterials into photo-responsive probes is of great interest for many bioimaging and nanophotonic applications but remains challenging with traditional nucleic acid scaffolds-based bottom-up methods. Here, we address this quandary using split-fluorescent protein (FP) fragments as molecular glue and switchable Raman reporters to assemble gold or silver plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) into photonic clusters directly in live cells. When targeted to diffusing surface biomarkers in cancer cells, the NPs self-assemble into surface-enhanced Raman-scattering (SERS) nanoclusters having hot spots homogenously seeded by the reconstruction of full-length FPs...
February 9, 2018: Nature Communications
Mavlavi Dustov, Diana I Golovina, Alexander Yu Polyakov, Anastasia E Goldt, Andrei A Eliseev, Efim A Kolesnikov, Irina V Sukhorukova, Dmitry V Shtansky, Wolfgang Grünert, Anastasia V Grigorieva
A new reactive ink based on a silver citrate complex is proposed for a photochemical route to surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy active substrates with controllable extinction spectra. The drop-cast test of the ink reveals homogeneous nucleation of silver and colloid particle growth originating directly from photochemical in situ reduction in droplets, while the following evaporation of the deposited ink produces small nano- and micron-size particles. The prepared nanostructures and substrates were accurately characterized by electron microscopy methods and optical extinction spectroscopy...
February 9, 2018: Sensors
Melisew Tadele Alula, Leshern Karamchand, Nicolette R Hendricks, Jonathan M Blackburn
Urinary creatinine concentration is a critical physiological parameter that enables reliable assessment of patient renal function and diagnosis of a broad spectrum of diseases. In this study, a simple and inexpensive sensor comprising monodisperse, citrate-capped silver nanoparticles (cc-AgNPs) was developed, which enabled rapid, sensitive and selective quantitation of creatinine directly in unprocessed urine. The mechanism of this sensor entails the creatinine-mediated aggregation of the cc-AgNPs (within 1 min) under alkaline conditions (pH 12)...
May 12, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Maryam Shirdel, Hossein Tajik, Mehran Moradi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate antimicrobial and biofilm removal potential of Zataria multiflora essential oil (ZEO) and silver nanoparticle (SNP) alone and in combination on Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella Typhimurium and evaluate the mechanism of action. Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), and optimal inhibitory combination (OIC) of ZEO and SNP were determined according to fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) method. Biofilm removal potential and leakage pattern of 260-nm absorbing material from the bacterial cell during exposure to the compounds were also investigated...
December 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Ngitheni Winnie-Kate Nyoka, Sthandiwe Nomthandazo Kanyile, Emile Bredenhand, Godfried Jacob Prinsloo, Patricks Voua Otomo
The present study investigated the use of biochar for the alleviation of the toxic effects of a nanosilver colloidal dispersion and a chloronicotinyl insecticide. The survival and reproduction of the potworm Enchytraeus albidus were assessed after exposure to imidacloprid and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). E. albidus was exposed to 0, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg imidacloprid/kg and 0, 5, 25, 125, and 625 mg Ag/kg for 21 days in 10% biochar amended and non-biochar amended OECD artificial soil. In both exposure substrates, the effects of imidacloprid on survival were significant in the two highest treatments (p < 0...
February 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Buddhdev P Khushbu, Monali Chalishazar, Hemant Kale, Malay Baranwal, Tapan Modi
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the cell proliferation and biologic aggressiveness of the lesions by evaluating the significance of number and dispersal pattern of Argyrophillic Nucleolar organizing Regions (AgNORs) using silver colloid technique in normal mucosa, premalignant and malignant lesions. Settings and Design: In-vitro study, lab setting. Methods and Material: The study sample consisted of five groups each with a sample size of 10 and a control group...
September 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Sagar Dhakal, Kuanglin Chao, Qing Huang, Moon Kim, Walter Schmidt, Jianwei Qin, C Leigh Broadhurst
Therapeutic and subtherapeutic use of veterinary drugs has increased the risk of residue contamination in animal food products. Antibiotics such as tetracycline are used for mastitis treatment of lactating cows. Milk expressed from treated cows before the withdrawal period has elapsed may contain tetracycline residue. This study developed a simple surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic (SERS) method for on-site screening of tetracycline residue in milk and water. Six batches of silver colloid nanoparticles were prepared for surface enhancement measurement...
February 1, 2018: Sensors
D R Schwass, K M Lyons, R Love, G R Tompkins, C J Meledandri
A novel silver nanoparticle (AgNP) formulation was developed as a targeted application for the disinfection of carious dentine. Silver nitrate (AgNO3) was chemically reduced using sodium borohydrate (NaBH4) in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to form micelle aggregate structures containing monodisperse 6.7- to 9.2-nm stabilized AgNPs. AgNPs were characterized by measurement of electrical conductivity and dynamic light scattering, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
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