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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352534/increasing-equity-in-access-to-mental-health-care-a-critical-first-step-in-improving-service-quality
#1
Margarita Alegría, Ora Nakash, Amanda NeMoyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352021/proportion-of-women-presenters-at-medical-grand-rounds-at-major-academic-centres-in-canada-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Danielle Buell, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Sharon E Straus
OBJECTIVE: To assess the proportion of women who presented research or medical grand rounds at five major academic hospitals in Canada. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Five major university-affiliated hospitals in Toronto and Calgary. RESULTS: Overall, at all sites and types of academic rounds, there were an average of 17% fewer women presenting than men (P<0.001). There were an average of 32% and 21% more men presenting at the city-wide grand rounds in cities A and B, respectively (P<0...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351795/malaria-knowledge-and-bed-net-use-in-three-transmission-settings-in-southern-africa
#3
Mufaro Kanyangarara, Harry Hamapumbu, Edmore Mamini, James Lupiya, Jennifer C Stevenson, Sungano Mharakurwa, Mike Chaponda, Philip E Thuma, Lovemore Gwanzura, Shungu Munyati, Modest Mulenga, Douglas E Norris, William J Moss
BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) reduce malaria morbidity and mortality in endemic areas. Despite increasing availability, the use of ITNs remains limited in some settings. Poor malaria knowledge is a barrier to the widespread use of ITNs. The goal of this study was to assess the levels of malaria knowledge and evaluate factors associated with bed net use among individuals residing in three regions of southern Africa with different levels of malaria transmission and control...
January 19, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349199/efficiency-or-equity-simulating-the-impact-of-high-risk-and-population-intervention-strategies-for-the-prevention-of-disease
#4
Jonathan M Platt, Katherine M Keyes, Sandro Galea
Maximizing both efficiency and equity are core considerations for population health. These considerations can result in tension in population health science as we seek to improve overall population health while achieving equitable health distributions within populations. Limited work has explored empirically the consequences of different population health intervention strategies on the burden of disease and on within- and between-group differences in disease. To address this gap, we compared the impact of four simulated interventions using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348646/intergenerational-equity-can-help-to-prevent-climate-change-and-extinction
#5
Adrian Treves, Kyle A Artelle, Chris T Darimont, William S Lynn, Paul Paquet, Francisco J Santiago-Ávila, Rance Shaw, Mary C Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347831/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-initiation-and-completion-among-u-s-women-in-the-post-affordable-care-act-era
#6
Madina Agénor, Ashley Pérez, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the magnitude and potential mechanisms of racial/ethnic disparities in initiating and completing the 3-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among U.S. women in the post-Affordable Care Act era. DESIGN: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data, we used logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between race/ethnicity and HPV vaccination initiation and completion among black, Latina, Asian, and white U...
January 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346375/how-do-we-reach-the-girls-and-women-who-are-the-hardest-to-reach-inequitable-opportunities-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-care-services-in-armed-conflict-and-forced-displacement-settings-in-colombia
#7
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Raul Devia Rodriguez, Gloria Song, Andréanne Martel
OBJECTIVES: This paper assesses inequalities in access to reproductive and maternal health services among females affected by forced displacement and sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings in Colombia. This was accomplished through the following approaches: first, we assessed the gaps and gradients in three selected reproductive and maternal health care services. Second, we analyzed the patterns of inequalities in reproductive and maternal health care services and changes over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345994/work-as-an-inclusive-part-of-population-health-inequities-research-and-prevention
#8
Emily Quinn Ahonen, Kaori Fujishiro, Thomas Cunningham, Michael Flynn
Despite its inclusion in models of social and ecological determinants of health, work has not been explored in most health inequity research in the United States. Leaving work out of public health inequities research creates a blind spot in our understanding of how inequities are created and impedes our progress toward health equity. We first describe why work is vital to our understanding of observed societal-level health inequities. Next, we outline challenges to incorporating work in the study of health inequities, including (1) the complexity of work as a concept; (2) work's overlap with socioeconomic position, race, ethnicity, and gender; (3) the development of a parallel line of inquiry into occupational health inequities; and (4) the dearth of precise data with which to explore the relationships between work and health status...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345212/prioritising-action-to-accelerate-gender-equity-and-health-for-women-and-girls-microdata-analysis-of-47-countries
#9
Rachel Kidman, Jody Heymann
The Sustainable Development Goals set ambitious targets for health. Meeting such will require drastic improvements in the social conditions for women and girls. Understanding which social conditions have the greatest impact on health can help prioritise action, yet there is little comparative data. We use microdata from 338,580 women in 47 low- and middle-income countries to estimate the relative contributions of improved social determinants in bringing about maternal and child health gains over the past 20 years...
January 18, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343991/trends-and-inequities-in-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-indonesia-1986-2012
#10
Herfina Y Nababan, Md Hasan, Tiara Marthias, Rolina Dhital, Aminur Rahman, Iqbal Anwar
Purpose: Overall health status indicators have improved significantly over the past three decades in Indonesia. However, the country's maternal mortality ratio remains high with a stark inequality by region. Fewer studies have explored access inequity in maternal health care service over time using multiple inequality markers. In this study, we analyzed Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data to explore trends and inequities in use of any antenatal care (ANC), four or more ANC (ANC4+), institutional birth, and cesarean section (c-section) birth in Indonesia during 1986-2012 to inform policy for future strategies ending preventable maternal deaths...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343272/biotechnologies-that-empower-transgender-persons-to-self-actualize-as-individuals-partners-spouses-and-parents-are-defining-new-ways-to-conceive-a-child-psychological-considerations-and-ethical-issues
#11
REVIEW
Agnès Condat, Nicolas Mendes, Véronique Drouineaud, Nouria Gründler, Chrystelle Lagrange, Colette Chiland, Jean-Philippe Wolf, François Ansermet, David Cohen
Today, thanks to biomedical technologies advances, some persons with fertility issues can conceive. Transgender persons benefit also from these advances and can not only actualize their self-identified sexual identities but also experience parenthood. Based on clinical multidisciplinary seminars that gathered child psychiatrists and psychoanalysts interested in the fields of assisted reproduction technology (ART) and gender dysphoria, philosophers interested in bioethics, biologists interested in ART, and endocrinologists interested in pubertal suppression, we explore how new biotechnical advances, whether in gender transition or procreation, could create new ways to conceive a child possible...
January 17, 2018: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342263/sri-lanka-s-post-tsunami-health-system-recovery-a-qualitative-analysis-of-physician-perspectives
#12
William Collin Schenk, Thuy Bui
Background: The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami caused significant damage to the health system in Sri Lanka. Rebuilding infrastructure and improving the mental health system were targets of recovery policies. Retrospective analyses of the post-tsunami health system recovery in Sri Lanka lack the perspectives of local stakeholders, including health care providers. Methods: In 2014 we interviewed 23 Sri Lankan physicians from the Eastern and Southern regions. Participants were recruited with snowball sampling...
January 12, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341236/induced-earthquakes-from-long-term-gas-extraction-in-groningen-the-netherlands-statistical-analysis-and-prognosis-for-acceptable-risk-regulation
#13
Charles Vlek
Recently, growing earthquake activity in the northeastern Netherlands has aroused considerable concern among the 600,000 provincial inhabitants. There, at 3 km deep, the rich Groningen gas field extends over 900 km2 and still contains about 600 of the original 2,800 billion cubic meters (bcm). Particularly after 2001, earthquakes have increased in number, magnitude (M, on the logarithmic Richter scale), and damage to numerous buildings. The man-made nature of extraction-induced earthquakes challenges static notions of risk, complicates formal risk assessment, and questions familiar conceptions of acceptable risk...
January 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338951/small-incentives-improve-weight-loss-in-women-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds
#14
Tricia M Leahey, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Marc S Mitchell, Carnisha M Gilder, Rena R Wing
INTRODUCTION: Women from lower-income backgrounds have the highest rates of obesity. Thus, effective programs for this high-risk population are urgently needed. Evidence suggests that adding financial incentives to treatment helps to engage and promote health behavior change in lower-income populations; however, this has never been tested in women for obesity treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adding small financial incentives to Internet weight loss treatment yields better weight loss outcomes in women from lower-income backgrounds compared with the same treatment without incentives...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338784/advancing-sti-priorities-in-the-sdg-era-priorities-for-action
#15
EDITORIAL
Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Greg Martin, Helen Rees
The Sustainable Development Goals present an opportunity to reimagine and then reconfigure the approach to controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The predilection of STIs for women and for vulnerable populations means that services that ameliorate STIs, by their nature, enhance equity, a key focus of the goals. Given the considerable breadth and depth of the goals, it is important to locate points of convergence between the SDGs and STIs, further craft synergies with HIV and select a few population groups and settings to prioritise...
January 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338353/developing-a-tailored-website-for-promoting-awareness-about-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-among-blacks-in-community-based-settings
#16
Rebecca Robbins, Yalini Senathirajah, Natasha J Williams, Carly Hutchinson, David M Rapoport, John P Allegrante, Alwyn Cohall, April Rogers, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Girardin Jean-Louis
Blacks are at greater risk for lower sleep quality and higher risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) than other racial groups. In this study, we summarize the development of a tailored website including visuals, key messages, and video narratives, to promote awareness about sleep apnea among community-dwelling blacks. We utilized mixed methods, including in-depth interviews, usability-testing procedures, and brief surveys (n = 9, 55% female, 100% black, average age 38.5 years). Themes from the qualitative analysis illuminated varied knowledge regarding OSA symptoms and prevalent self-reported experience with sleep disturbance and OSA symptoms (e...
January 17, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335161/health-equity-monitoring-for-healthcare-quality-assurance
#17
R Cookson, M Asaria, S Ali, R Shaw, T Doran, P Goldblatt
Population-wide health equity monitoring remains isolated from mainstream healthcare quality assurance. As a result, healthcare organizations remain ill-informed about the health equity impacts of their decisions - despite becoming increasingly well-informed about quality of care for the average patient. We present a new and improved analytical approach to integrating health equity into mainstream healthcare quality assurance, illustrate how this approach has been applied in the English National Health Service, and discuss how it could be applied in other countries...
January 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334979/measuring-spatial-accessibility-to-healthcare-services-with-constraint-of-administrative-boundary-a-case-study-of-yanqing-district-beijing-china
#18
Zhuolin Tao, Yang Cheng, Qingjing Zheng, Guicai Li
BACKGROUND: The two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method, which is one of the most widely used methods for measuring healthcare spatial accessibility, defines the catchment area of each facility as the area within a certain distance from the facility. However, in some cases, the service utilization behavior is constrained by administrative boundaries, therefore the definition of catchment area within a certain distance may be inappropriate. METHODS: In this study, we aim to propose a modification of the 2SFCA method for measuring spatial accessibility to healthcare services in a system constrained by administrative boundaries...
January 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334882/federal-parity-and-access-to-behavioral-health-care-in-private-health-plans
#19
Dominic Hodgkin, Constance M Horgan, Maureen T Stewart, Amity E Quinn, Timothy B Creedon, Sharon Reif, Deborah W Garnick
OBJECTIVE: The 2008 Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) sought to improve access to behavioral health care by regulating health plans' coverage and management of services. Health plans have some discretion in how to achieve compliance with MHPAEA, leaving questions about its likely effects on health plan policies. In this study, the authors' objective was to determine how private health plans' coverage and management of behavioral health treatment changed after the federal parity law's full implementation...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334766/ajmq-newsletter-register-now-medical-quality-2018-improving-population-health-through-health-equity-and-patient-advocacy
#20
Mark Lyles, Cindy S Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
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