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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926802/achieving-health-equity-in-midwifery-and-women-s-health-2016-077
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925175/to-expand-coverage-or-increase-frequency-quantifying-the-tradeoffs-between-equity-and-efficiency-facing-cervical-cancer-screening-programs-in-low-resource-settings
#2
Nicole G Campos, Vivien Tsu, Jose Jeronimo, Mercy Mvundura, Kyueun Lee, Jane J Kim
Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide, with 85% of the disease burden residing in less developed regions. To inform evidence-based decision-making as cervical cancer screening programs are planned, implemented, and scaled in low- and middle-income countries, we used cost and test performance data from the START-UP demonstration project in Uganda and a microsimulation model of HPV infection and cervical carcinogenesis to quantify the health benefits, distributional equity, cost-effectiveness, and financial impact of either 1) improving access to cervical cancer screening or 2) increasing the number of lifetime screening opportunities for women who already have access...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925131/-social-and-ethical-criteria-for-prioritizing-patients-a-survey-of-students-and-health-professionals-in-portugal
#3
Micaela Moreira Pinho
This qualitative/quantitative study examines the ethical dilemma of microallocation of health resources. It seeks to identify and compare the opinion of two groups in Portuguese society - students and health professionals - on the importance of personal characteristics of patients at the moment of prioritizing them and if the choices can be explained by bioethical references of a utilitarian or deontological nature. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire administered to a sample of 180 students and 60 health professionals...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925106/the-moscow-and-brasilia-declarations-on-road-safety-a-parallel-between-two-moments-in-health
#4
Roberto Victor Pavarino
Two high-level multisectoral global conferences on road traffic safety (Moscow, 2009 and Brasilia, 2015), held under the auspices of the United Nations, adopted formal declarations on both occasions. Given the potential of these documents to establish positions, propose guidelines, policies and legal frameworks, this paper compares these charters, in order to identify the emphases, expectations and horizons indicated at each moment, highlighting their health-related items. We describe the WHO's involvement with road safety, considering the ways this relationship signaled the health sector's connection with the theme...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924619/racial-disparities-in-heart-disease-mortality-in-the-50-largest-u-s-cities
#5
Maureen R Benjamins, Jana L Hirschtick, Bijou R Hunt, Michelle M Hughes, Brittany Hunter
Heart disease is not only the leading cause of death in the U.S. but also the main contributor to racial disparities in life expectancy. Despite this, heart disease mortality rates and racial disparities in these rates are not readily available at the city level where they can be the most quickly and effectively addressed. We calculated age-adjusted heart disease mortality rates and corresponding racial rate ratios (RRs) and rate differences (RDs) for the non-Hispanic Black (Black) and non-Hispanic White (White) populations for the years 1990-1994 and 2005-2009 for the U...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922532/gender-equity-in-epidemiology-miles-to-go
#6
Reshma Jagsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922342/treatment-seeking-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-childhood-illness-in-a-migrant-tribal-community-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-state-india
#7
Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: In India, migrant status, tribal affiliation and poverty render tribal migrants more vulnerable than any other group which leads to high treatment costs and the risk of low access to health care. OBJECTIVE: To examine treatment-seeking behaviour and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure on the treatment of childhood illnesses, with a focus on gender in a migrant tribal community in Bhubaneswar, eastern India. METHODS: A total of 175 households with a child aged 0-14 years and who had migrated within the last 12 years were selected from tribal-dominated slums...
December 6, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920306/underrepresented-minority-dentists-quantifying-their-numbers-and-characterizing-the-communities-they-serve
#8
Elizabeth A Mertz, Cynthia D Wides, Aubri M Kottek, Jean Marie Calvo, Paul E Gates
The underrepresentation of Blacks, Hispanics or Latinos, and American Indians or Alaska Natives among dentists raises concerns about the diversity of the dental workforce, disparities in access to dental care and in oral health status, and social justice. We quantified the shortage of underrepresented minority dentists and examined these dentists' practice patterns in relation to the characteristics of the communities they serve. The underrepresented minority dentist workforce is disproportionately smaller than, and unevenly distributed in relation to, minority populations in the United States...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920246/beyond-utilization-measuring-effective-coverage-of-obstetric-care-along-the-quality-cascade
#9
Elysia Larson, Daniel Vail, Godfrey M Mbaruku, Redempta Mbatia, Margaret E Kruk
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effective coverage of obstetric care in a rural Tanzanian region and to assess differences in effective coverage by wealth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional structured interviews. SETTING: Pwani Region, Tanzania. PARTICIPANTS: The study includes 24 rural, government-managed, primary healthcare clinics and their catchment populations. From January-April 2016, we conducted a household survey of a census of women with recent deliveries, health worker knowledge surveys and facility audits...
December 4, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919238/an-equity-analysis-of-utilization-of-health-services-in-afghanistan-using-a-national-household-survey
#10
Christine Kim, Khwaja Mir Ahad Saeed, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Wu Zeng
BACKGROUND: Afghanistan has made great strides in the coverage of health services across the country but coverage of key indicators remains low nationally and whether the poorest households are accessing these services is not well understood. METHODS: We analyzed the Afghanistan Mortality Survey 2010 on utilization of inpatient and outpatient care, institutional delivery and antenatal care by wealth quintiles. Concentration indexes (CIs) were generated to measure the inequality of using the four services...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918457/air-quality-strategies-on-public-health-and-health-equity-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Li Wang, Buqing Zhong, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Fengying Zhang, Eva Pilot, Yonghua Li, Linsheng Yang, Wuyi Wang, Thomas Krafft
Air pollution is an important public health problem in Europe and there is evidence that it exacerbates health inequities. This calls for effective strategies and targeted interventions. In this study, we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of strategies relating to air pollution control on public health and health equity in Europe. Three databases, Web of Science, PubMed, and Trials Register of Promoting Health Interventions (TRoPHI), were searched for scientific publications investigating the effectiveness of strategies on outdoor air pollution control, public health and health equity in Europe from 1995 to 2015...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918354/ethical-issues-in-transnational-eye-banking
#12
Dominique E Martin, Richard Kelly, Gary L A Jones, Heather Machin, Graeme A Pollock
PURPOSE: To review ethical issues that may arise in the setting of transnational eye banking activities, such as when exporting or importing corneal tissue for transplantation. METHODS: A principle-based normative analysis of potential common dilemmas in transnational eye banking activities was performed. RESULTS: Transnational activities in eye banking, like those in other fields involving procurement and use of medical products of human origin, may present a number of ethical issues for policy makers and professionals...
December 1, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918203/intergenerational-support-and-life-satisfaction-of-young-old-and-oldest-old-adults-in-china
#13
Jia Chen, Lucy P Jordan
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated variation across different old-age groups in the association between intergenerational support and elderly life satisfaction in China, taking into account both exchange patterns and different types of support. METHOD: Using the first two waves (2010 and 2012) of China Family Panel Studies, we applied the fixed-effect approach to examine the moderating effect of age separately for exchange patterns and different types of intergenerational support...
December 5, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913693/health-equity-diversity-and-inclusion
#14
Anabell Castro Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913658/social-determinants-and-teen-pregnancy-prevention-exploring-the-role-of-nontraditional-partnerships
#15
Taleria R Fuller, Carla P White, Jocelyn Chu, Deborah Dean, Naomi Clemmons, Carmen Chaparro, Jessica L Thames, Anitra Belle Henderson, Pebbles King
Addressing the social determinants of health (SDOH) that influence teen pregnancy is paramount to eliminating disparities and achieving health equity. Expanding prevention efforts from purely individual behavior change to improving the social, political, economic, and built environments in which people live, learn, work, and play may better equip vulnerable youth to adopt and sustain healthy decisions. In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in partnership with the Office of Adolescent Health funded state- and community-based organizations to develop and implement the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Community-Wide Initiative...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913312/crossborder-travel-and-multidrugresistant-tuberculosis-mdrtb-in-europe
#16
Alberto Matteelli, Rosella Centis, Giorgia Sulis, Marina Tadolini
The number of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow rapidly over the past fifteen years and the trend is expected to continue, making the health matters associated with migration a crucial public health challenges faced by governments and societies. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is a paradigm of transmissible diseases that do not respect borders and poses a multifaceted and complex challenge on migrant health. The guiding principles for the health response are the respect of equity and human rights as well as the accurate analysis of epidemiological trends and determinants of TB in migrants...
November 29, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909953/the-pe%C3%A3-alosa-principle-of-transportation-democracy-lessons-from-bogot%C3%A3-on-the-morality-of-urban-mobility
#17
Shane Epting
The mayor of Bogotá, Enrique Peñalosa strives to deliver transit services that promote social equity through bicycle lanes, improved sidewalks, and a world-famous Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, "TransMilenio." Through examining the principles that guide his planning, we can flesh out a starting point for socially just transit systems. While such measures can alleviate several harms that transit systems cause, they rest on an incomplete foundation due to their top-down nature. To amend this situation, the author argues for a restorative justice approach to transportation democracy, using examples from Peñalosa's mayoral tenure...
December 1, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909367/ethics-and-community-based-rehabilitation-eight-ethical-questions-from-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Stephen Clarke, Jessica Barudin, Matthew Hunt
Purpose: This article reviews the literature regarding ethics and community-based rehabilitation (CBR) with the goal of identifying and analyzing ethical considerations associated with this approach. Method: We conducted a critical interpretive review of the academic literature related to CBR in low- and middle-income countries and to indigenous communities in high-income countries. Using an inductive analysis of the collected articles, we identified five key topic areas related to ethical considerations. We then critically appraised this literature and developed eight questions that reflect areas of ethical tension, uncertainty, or debate...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#19
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903352/-using-the-concept-of-universal-health-coverage-to-promote-the-health-system-reform-in-china
#20
S L Hu
The paper is systematically explained the definition, contents of universal health coverage (UHC). Universal health coverage calls for all people to have access to quality health services they need without facing undue financial burden. The relationship between five main attributes, i.e., quality, efficiency, equity, accountability and resilience, and their 15 action plans has been explained. The nature of UHC is belonged to the State and government. The core function is commitment with equality. The whole-of-system method is used to promoting the health system reform...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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