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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931698/the-effectiveness-of-nurse-led-preoperative-assessment-clinics-for-patients-receiving-elective-orthopaedic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
Chan Sau-Man Conny, Ip Wan-Yim
PURPOSE: Nurse-led preoperative assessment clinics (POAC) have been introduced in different specialty areas to assess and prepare patients preoperatively in order to avoid last-minute surgery cancellations. Not all patients are referred to POACs before surgery, and the benefits of nurse-led POACs are not well documented in Hong Kong. The purpose of this systemic review was to identify the best available research evidence to inform current clinical practice, guide health care decision making and promote better care...
December 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925149/behavioural-interventions-to-promote-workers-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment
#2
REVIEW
Bao Yen Luong Thanh, Malinee Laopaiboon, David Koh, Pornpun Sakunkoo, Hla Moe
BACKGROUND: Respiratory hazards are common in the workplace. Depending on the hazard and exposure, the health consequences may include: mild to life-threatening illnesses from infectious agents, acute effects ranging from respiratory irritation to chronic lung conditions, or even cancer from exposure to chemicals or toxins. Use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is an important preventive measure in many occupational settings. RPE only offers protection when worn properly, when removed safely and when it is either replaced or maintained regularly...
December 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875631/intravenous-nutrients-for-preventing-inadvertent-perioperative-hypothermia-in-adults
#3
REVIEW
Sheryl Warttig, Phil Alderson, Sharon R Lewis, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (a drop in core temperature to below 36°C) occurs because normal temperature regulation is disrupted during surgery, mainly because of the effects of anaesthetic drugs and exposure of the skin for prolonged periods. Many different ways of maintaining body temperature have been proposed, one of which involves administration of intravenous nutrients during the perioperative period that may reduce heat loss by increasing metabolism, thereby increasing heat production...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837033/pain-in-dementia-use-of-observational-pain-assessment-tools-by-people-who-are-not-health-professionals
#4
Delaine A Ammaturo, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Jaime Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pain is prevalent among older adults but is often underestimated and undertreated, especially in people with severe dementia who have limited ability to self-report pain. Pain in patients with moderate to severe dementia can be assessed using observational tools. Informal caregivers (relatives of seniors with dementia) are an untapped assessor group who often bear the responsibility of care for their loved ones. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of laypeople to assess pain using observational measures originally developed for use by health care professionals...
November 10, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810267/walking-aids-moderate-exercise-effects-on-gait-speed-in-people-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Annika Toots, Håkan Littbrand, Henrik Holmberg, Peter Nordström, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Yngve Gustafson, Erik Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of exercise on gait speed, when tested using walking aids and without, and whether effects differed according to amount of support in the test. DESIGN: A cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The Umeå Dementia and Exercise (UMDEX) study was set in 16 nursing homes in Umeå, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty-one women and 45 men (mean age 85 years) with dementia, of whom 145 (78%) habitually used walking aids...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799451/web-based-online-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-is-more-time-efficient-and-as-reliable-as-reading-patient-medical-records-and-conducting-traditional-in-person-consultations
#6
Melinda G Martin-Khan, Helen Edwards, Richard Wootton, Paul Varghese, Kwang Lim, Peteris Darzins, Lucy Dakin, Leonard C Gray
The aim of this study was to report the time taken by geriatricians to reach triage decisions using an online assessment format compared with face-to-face (FTF) assessment. Patients (N = 166) were randomly allocated to two groups: online and FTF assessments (OF group); and dual FTF assessments (FF group). Case preparation was conducted by trained nurse assessors using a web-enabled clinical decision support system. Geriatricians allocated to perform an 'online' assessment had access to this information only...
December 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766672/validating-the-4a-s-test-in-screening-for-delirium-in-a-culturally-diverse-geriatric-inpatient-population
#7
Jayita De, Anne P F Wand, Peter I Smerdely, Glenn E Hunt
OBJECTIVE: To measure the diagnostic accuracy of the 4A's test in screening for delirium in geriatric inpatients from culturally diverse backgrounds. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with patients admitted to the geriatric and orthogeriatric services of a tertiary teaching hospital. Consenting participants aged 65 years and over were screened for delirium with the 4AT by nursing staff within 72 h of admission. The diagnosis of delirium was made separately by expert assessors, responsible for the participant's clinical care, blinded to the 4AT score, within 30 min of the 4AT assessment using the DSM 5 criteria and the Confusion Assessment Method...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693836/the-effect-of-a-patient-centred-care-bundle-intervention-on-pressure-ulcer-incidence-intact-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#8
Wendy Chaboyer, Tracey Bucknall, Joan Webster, Elizabeth McInnes, Brigid M Gillespie, Merrilyn Banks, Jennifer A Whitty, Lukman Thalib, Shelley Roberts, Mandy Tallott, Nicky Cullum, Marianne Wallis
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers are a serious patient safety concern, associated with poor patient outcomes and high healthcare costs. They are also viewed as an indicator of nursing care quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle in preventing hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among at risk patients. DESIGN: Pragmatic cluster randomised trial. SETTING: Eight tertiary referral hospitals with >200 beds each in three Australian states...
December 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644167/oral-stimulation-for-promoting-oral-feeding-in-preterm-infants
#9
Zelda Greene, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Margaret Walshe
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants (< 37 weeks' postmenstrual age) are often delayed in attaining oral feeding. Normal oral feeding is suggested as an important outcome for the timing of discharge from the hospital and can be an early indicator of neuromotor integrity and developmental outcomes. A range of oral stimulation interventions may help infants to develop sucking and oromotor co-ordination, promoting earlier oral feeding and earlier hospital discharge. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of oral stimulation interventions for attainment of oral feeding in preterm infants born before 37 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA)...
September 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602533/the-failure-to-fail-underperforming-trainees-in-health-professions-education-a-beme-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-42
#10
Monica Yepes-Rios, Nancy Dudek, Rita Duboyce, Jerri Curtis, Rhonda J Allard, Lara Varpio
BACKGROUND: Many clinical educators feel unprepared and/or unwilling to report unsatisfactory trainee performance. This systematic review consolidates knowledge from medical, nursing, and dental literature on the experiences and perceptions of evaluators or assessors with this failure to fail phenomenon. METHODS: We searched the English language literature in CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from January 2005 to January 2015. Qualitative and quantitative studies were included...
November 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540254/self-administration-of-in-patient-medications-a-pilot-study-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Khola Khan, Aoife Harrington, Rupinder Pannu, Sian Bentley, Sukeshi Makhecha, Nimla Pentayya, Clare Pheasant
INTRODUCTION: Children with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) have complex medication regimens, where responsibility for administration usually lies with the parent/carer until the child is older and able to take over this role.1 On admission to hospital this role is usually undertaken by nurses, leaving patients/parents/carers feeling disempowered, and unprepared for discharge. AIMS: All CF admissions to be offered the Self-Administration Of Medicines Scheme (SAM).▸ Empower patients/parents/carers with responsibility of administering their own medications▸ Reduce nursing time▸ Educate patients/parents/carers about their medications▸ Cost-saving by utilising Patients Own Medicines (PODs)...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537538/intraperitoneal-local-anesthetic-for-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
James K Hamill, Andrew Liley, Andrew G Hill
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of intraperitoneal local anesthetic (IPLA) on pain after acute laparoscopic appendectomy in children. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: IPLA reduces pain in adult elective surgery. It has not been well studied in acute peritoneal inflammatory conditions. We hypothesized that IPLA would improve recovery in pediatric acute laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial in acute laparoscopic appendectomy recruited children aged 8 to 14 years to receive 20 mL 0...
August 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501622/development-of-an-assessment-test-for-an-anesthetic-machine
#13
Supinya Tiviraj, Bencharatana Yokubol, Somchai Amornyotin
OBJECTIVE: The study is aimed to develop and assess the quality of an evaluation form used to evaluate the nurse anesthetic trainees' skills in undertaking a pre-use check of an anesthetic machine. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An evaluation form comprising 25 items was developed, informed by the guidelines published by national anesthesiologist societies and refined to reflect the anesthetic machine used in our institution. The item-checking included the cylinder supplies and medical gas pipelines, vaporizer back bar, ventilator anesthetic breathing system, scavenging system and emergency back-up equipment...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474376/effectiveness-of-a-6-year-multidomain-vascular-care-intervention-to-prevent-dementia-prediva-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eric P Moll van Charante, Edo Richard, Lisa S Eurelings, Jan-Willem van Dalen, Suzanne A Ligthart, Emma F van Bussel, Marieke P Hoevenaar-Blom, Marinus Vermeulen, Willem A van Gool
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors are associated with an increased risk of dementia. We assessed whether a multidomain intervention targeting these factors can prevent dementia in a population of community-dwelling older people. METHODS: In this open-label, cluster-randomised controlled trial, we recruited individuals aged 70-78 years through participating general practices in the Netherlands. General practices within each health-care centre were randomly assigned (1:1), via a computer-generated randomisation sequence, to either a 6-year nurse-led, multidomain cardiovascular intervention or control (usual care)...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428804/-failure-to-fail-in-nursing-a-catch-phrase-or-a-real-issue-a-systematic-integrative-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Lynda J Hughes, Marion Mitchell, Amy N B Johnston
'Failure to fail' is the allocation of pass grades to nursing students who do not display satisfactory clinical performance. This issue can have significant implications for individual students and assessors involved, as well as for nursing professionalism and patient safety. The aim of this systematic integrative literature review was to determine what is currently known about the issue of 'failure to fail' within undergraduate nursing programs. A literature search of five databases up to May 2015 was conducted to identify primary research papers...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310034/feasibility-of-human-factors-immersive-simulation-training-in-ophthalmology-the-london-pilot
#16
George M Saleh, James R Wawrzynski, Kamran Saha, Phillip Smith, Declan Flanagan, Melanie Hingorani, Clinton John, Paul Sullivan
IMPORTANCE: Human factors training can enhance teamworking and reduce error. It is used regularly in certain medical disciplines, but its use has not been established for ophthalmology to our knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of providing immersive simulation human factors training for ophthalmic surgical teams. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective scenario-based simulation and concept description at University College London Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, England, from December 12, 2013, to March 13, 2014...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272131/tai-chi-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#17
REVIEW
Shirley P C Ngai, Alice Y M Jones, Wilson Wai San Tam
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi, a systematic callisthenic exercise first developed in ancient China, involves a series of slow and rhythmic circular motions. It emphasises use of 'mind' or concentration to control breathing and circular body motions to facilitate flow of internal energy (i.e. 'qi') within the body. Normal flow of 'qi' is believed to be essential to sustain body homeostasis, ultimately leading to longevity. The effect of Tai Chi on balance and muscle strength in the elderly population has been reported; however, the effect of Tai Chi on dyspnoea, exercise capacity, pulmonary function and psychosocial status among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243899/comparison-of-posthospitalization-function-and-community-mobility-in-hospital-mobility-program-and-usual-care-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Cynthia J Brown, Kathleen T Foley, John D Lowman, Paul A MacLennan, Javad Razjouyan, Bijan Najafi, Julie Locher, Richard M Allman
IMPORTANCE: Low mobility is common during hospitalization and associated with loss or declines in ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and limitations in community mobility. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of an in-hospital mobility program (MP) on posthospitalization function and community mobility. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This single-blind randomized clinical trial used masked assessors to compare a MP with usual care (UC)...
July 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052286/effectiveness-of-teaching-automated-external-defibrillators-use-using-a-traditional-classroom-instruction-versus-self-instruction-video-in-non-critical-care-nurses
#19
Ismail M Saiboon, Reza M Qamruddin, Johar M Jaafar, Afliza A Bakar, Faizal A Hamzah, Ho S Eng, Colin E Robertson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and retention of learning automated external defibrillator (AED) usage taught through a traditional classroom instruction (TCI) method versus a novel self instructed video (SIV) technique in non-critical care nurses (NCCN). METHODS: A prospective single-blind randomized study was conducted over 7 months (April-October 2014) at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia. Eighty nurses were randomized into either TCI or SIV instructional techniques...
April 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034188/postoperative-red-blood-cell-transfusion-strategy-in-frail-anemic-elderly-with-hip-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Merete Gregersen
Hip fracture in the elderly is associated with poor recovery from physical disability and mortality. Perioperative blood loss is common, and anemia might be fatal in the frail elderly. Red blood cell transfusions might increase the risk of infection. In an observational study, a liberal transfusion strategy with hemoglobin (Hb) target of 7 mmol/l (11.3 g/dl) seemed to improve survival in nursing home residents with hip fracture compared to the recommended restrictive strategy with a Hb target of 6 mmol/l (9...
April 2016: Danish Medical Journal
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