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nurse assessor

Jayita De, Anne P F Wand, Peter I Smerdely, Glenn E Hunt
OBJECTIVE: To measure the diagnostic accuracy of the 4A's test in screening for delirium in geriatric inpatients from culturally diverse backgrounds. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with patients admitted to the geriatric and orthogeriatric services of a tertiary teaching hospital. Consenting participants aged 65 years and over were screened for delirium with the 4AT by nursing staff within 72 h of admission. The diagnosis of delirium was made separately by expert assessors, responsible for the participant's clinical care, blinded to the 4AT score, within 30 min of the 4AT assessment using the DSM 5 criteria and the Confusion Assessment Method...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Wendy Chaboyer, Tracey Bucknall, Joan Webster, Elizabeth McInnes, Brigid M Gillespie, Merrilyn Banks, Jennifer A Whitty, Lukman Thalib, Shelley Roberts, Mandy Tallott, Nicky Cullum, Marianne Wallis
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers are a serious patient safety concern, associated with poor patient outcomes and high healthcare costs. They are also viewed as an indicator of nursing care quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle in preventing hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among at risk patients. DESIGN: Pragmatic cluster randomised trial. SETTING: Eight tertiary referral hospitals with >200 beds each in three Australian states...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Zelda Greene, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Margaret Walshe
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants (< 37 weeks' postmenstrual age) are often delayed in attaining oral feeding. Normal oral feeding is suggested as an important outcome for the timing of discharge from the hospital and can be an early indicator of neuromotor integrity and developmental outcomes. A range of oral stimulation interventions may help infants to develop sucking and oromotor co-ordination, promoting earlier oral feeding and earlier hospital discharge. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of oral stimulation interventions for attainment of oral feeding in preterm infants born before 37 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA)...
September 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Monica Yepes-Rios, Nancy Dudek, Rita Duboyce, Jerri Curtis, Rhonda J Allard, Lara Varpio
BACKGROUND: Many clinical educators feel unprepared and/or unwilling to report unsatisfactory trainee performance. This systematic review consolidates knowledge from medical, nursing, and dental literature on the experiences and perceptions of evaluators or assessors with this failure to fail phenomenon. METHODS: We searched the English language literature in CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from January 2005 to January 2015. Qualitative and quantitative studies were included...
September 7, 2016: Medical Teacher
Khola Khan, Aoife Harrington, Rupinder Pannu, Sian Bentley, Sukeshi Makhecha, Nimla Pentayya, Clare Pheasant
INTRODUCTION: Children with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) have complex medication regimens, where responsibility for administration usually lies with the parent/carer until the child is older and able to take over this role.1 On admission to hospital this role is usually undertaken by nurses, leaving patients/parents/carers feeling disempowered, and unprepared for discharge. AIMS: All CF admissions to be offered the Self-Administration Of Medicines Scheme (SAM).▸ Empower patients/parents/carers with responsibility of administering their own medications▸ Reduce nursing time▸ Educate patients/parents/carers about their medications▸ Cost-saving by utilising Patients Own Medicines (PODs)...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
James K Hamill, Andrew Liley, Andrew G Hill
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of intraperitoneal local anesthetic (IPLA) on pain after acute laparoscopic appendectomy in children. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: IPLA reduces pain in adult elective surgery. It has not been well studied in acute peritoneal inflammatory conditions. We hypothesized that IPLA would improve recovery in pediatric acute laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial in acute laparoscopic appendectomy recruited children aged 8 to 14 years to receive 20 mL 0...
August 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Supinya Tiviraj, Bencharatana Yokubol, Somchai Amornyotin
OBJECTIVE: The study is aimed to develop and assess the quality of an evaluation form used to evaluate the nurse anesthetic trainees' skills in undertaking a pre-use check of an anesthetic machine. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An evaluation form comprising 25 items was developed, informed by the guidelines published by national anesthesiologist societies and refined to reflect the anesthetic machine used in our institution. The item-checking included the cylinder supplies and medical gas pipelines, vaporizer back bar, ventilator anesthetic breathing system, scavenging system and emergency back-up equipment...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Eric P Moll van Charante, Edo Richard, Lisa S Eurelings, Jan-Willem van Dalen, Suzanne A Ligthart, Emma F van Bussel, Marieke P Hoevenaar-Blom, Marinus Vermeulen, Willem A van Gool
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors are associated with an increased risk of dementia. We assessed whether a multidomain intervention targeting these factors can prevent dementia in a population of community-dwelling older people. METHODS: In this open-label, cluster-randomised controlled trial, we recruited individuals aged 70-78 years through participating general practices in the Netherlands. General practices within each health-care centre were randomly assigned (1:1), via a computer-generated randomisation sequence, to either a 6-year nurse-led, multidomain cardiovascular intervention or control (usual care)...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
Lynda J Hughes, Marion Mitchell, Amy N B Johnston
'Failure to fail' is the allocation of pass grades to nursing students who do not display satisfactory clinical performance. This issue can have significant implications for individual students and assessors involved, as well as for nursing professionalism and patient safety. The aim of this systematic integrative literature review was to determine what is currently known about the issue of 'failure to fail' within undergraduate nursing programs. A literature search of five databases up to May 2015 was conducted to identify primary research papers...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
George M Saleh, James R Wawrzynski, Kamran Saha, Phillip Smith, Declan Flanagan, Melanie Hingorani, Clinton John, Paul Sullivan
IMPORTANCE: Human factors training can enhance teamworking and reduce error. It is used regularly in certain medical disciplines, but its use has not been established for ophthalmology to our knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of providing immersive simulation human factors training for ophthalmic surgical teams. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective scenario-based simulation and concept description at University College London Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, England, from December 12, 2013, to March 13, 2014...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Shirley P C Ngai, Alice Y M Jones, Wilson Wai San Tam
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi, a systematic callisthenic exercise first developed in ancient China, involves a series of slow and rhythmic circular motions. It emphasises use of 'mind' or concentration to control breathing and circular body motions to facilitate flow of internal energy (i.e. 'qi') within the body. Normal flow of 'qi' is believed to be essential to sustain body homeostasis, ultimately leading to longevity. The effect of Tai Chi on balance and muscle strength in the elderly population has been reported; however, the effect of Tai Chi on dyspnoea, exercise capacity, pulmonary function and psychosocial status among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Cynthia J Brown, Kathleen T Foley, John D Lowman, Paul A MacLennan, Javad Razjouyan, Bijan Najafi, Julie Locher, Richard M Allman
IMPORTANCE: Low mobility is common during hospitalization and associated with loss or declines in ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and limitations in community mobility. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of an in-hospital mobility program (MP) on posthospitalization function and community mobility. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This single-blind randomized clinical trial used masked assessors to compare a MP with usual care (UC)...
July 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Ismail M Saiboon, Reza M Qamruddin, Johar M Jaafar, Afliza A Bakar, Faizal A Hamzah, Ho S Eng, Colin E Robertson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and retention of learning automated external defibrillator (AED) usage taught through a traditional classroom instruction (TCI) method versus a novel self instructed video (SIV) technique in non-critical care nurses (NCCN). METHODS: A prospective single-blind randomized study was conducted over 7 months (April-October 2014) at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia. Eighty nurses were randomized into either TCI or SIV instructional techniques...
April 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Merete Gregersen
Hip fracture in the elderly is associated with poor recovery from physical disability and mortality. Perioperative blood loss is common, and anemia might be fatal in the frail elderly. Red blood cell transfusions might increase the risk of infection. In an observational study, a liberal transfusion strategy with hemoglobin (Hb) target of 7 mmol/l (11.3 g/dl) seemed to improve survival in nursing home residents with hip fracture compared to the recommended restrictive strategy with a Hb target of 6 mmol/l (9...
April 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Penelope Abbott, Hasantha Gunasekera, Amanda Jane Leach, Deborah Askew, Robyn Walsh, Kelvin Kong, Federico Girosi, Chelsea Bond, Peter Morris, Sanja Lujic, Wendy Hu, Tim Usherwood, Sissy Tyson, Geoffrey Spurling, Markeeta Douglas, Kira Schubert, Shavaun Chapman, Nadeem Siddiqui, Reeion Murray, Keitha Rabbitt, Bobby Porykali, Cheryl Woodall, Tina Newman, Jennifer Reath
BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines recommend watchful waiting for children older than 2 years with acute otitis media (AOM) without perforation, unless they are at high risk of complications. The high prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) in remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities leads these children to be classified as high risk. Urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are at lower risk of complications, but evidence to support the subsequent recommendation for watchful waiting in this population is lacking...
2016: Trials
Catherine M Sackley, Marion F Walker, Christopher R Burton, Caroline L Watkins, Jonathan Mant, Andrea K Roalfe, Keith Wheatley, Bart Sheehan, Leslie Sharp, Katie E Stant, Joanna Fletcher-Smith, Kerry Steel, Garry R Barton, Lisa Irvine, Guy Peryer
BACKGROUND: Care home residents with stroke-related disabilities have significant activity limitations. Phase II trial results suggested a potential benefit of occupational therapy (OT) in maintaining residents' capacity to engage in functional activity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a targeted course of OT in maintaining functional activity and reducing further health risks from inactivity for UK care home residents living with stroke-related disabilities...
February 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Steve Smith, Albert Westergren, Julia Saunders, Peter Hagell
Screening for undernutrition is highly important and may reduce morbidity and mortality. The Minimal Eating Observation and Nutrition Form Version II (MEONF-II) is a nutritional screening tool specifically developed for use by nurses. The authors describe the translation, performance and appropriateness of MEONF-II for the UK. Following translation from Swedish to British English, the user-friendliness and appropriateness of the British MEONF-II was tested by 29 registered nurses and final-year student nurses on 266 hospital inpatients...
February 25, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: High doses of intravenous methylprednisolone are recommended to treat relapses in patients with multiple sclerosis, but can be inconvenient and expensive. We aimed to assess whether oral administration of high-dose methylprednisolone was non-inferior to intravenous administration. METHODS: We did this multicentre, double-blind, randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial at 13 centres for multiple sclerosis in France. We enrolled patients aged 18-55 years with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who reported a relapse within the previous 15 days that caused an increase of at least one point in one or more scores on the Kurtzke Functional System Scale...
March 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Rachel Walker, Leisa Huxley, Melanie Juttner, Elizabeth Burmeister, Justin Scott, Leanne M Aitken
This pilot randomized controlled trial examined the effect of prophylactic dressings to minimize sacral pressure injuries (PIs) in high-risk hospitalized patients and assessed feasibility criteria to inform a larger study. Eighty patients were recruited at admission points (the emergency department and surgical care unit) or directly from participating wards in the general medical-surgical setting following the assessment of high risk of sacral PI. Participants were randomized into either the routine care or routine care and silicone foam border dressing group...
February 12, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Wissam Al-Jundi, Jonathan Wild, Judith Ritchie, Sarah Daniels, Eleanor Robertson, Jonathan Beard
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the views of members of theater teams regarding the proposed introduction of a workplace-based assessment of nontechnical skills of surgeons (NOTSS) into the Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme in the United Kingdom. In addition, the previous training and familiarity of the members of the surgical theater team with the concept and assessment of NOTSS would be evaluated. DESIGN: A regional survey of members of theater teams (consultant surgeons, anesthetists, scrub nurses, and trainees) was performed at 1 teaching and 2 district general hospitals in South Yorkshire...
March 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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