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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326288/associations-of-body-related-teasing-with-weight-status-body-image-and-dieting-behavior-among-japanese-adolescents
#1
Naomi Chisuwa-Hayami, Toshi Haruki
Background: Body-related teasing is known to be linked to body dissatisfaction and dieting behavior in adolescents. However, little is known about it in non-Western countries. This study aims to examine the prevalence of body-related teasing among Japanese adolescents and its connection to weight status, body image, and dieting behavior to consider implications for public health. Methods: The design of this study is a cross-sectional study. An anonymous self-administrated survey was conducted with 1172 junior high school students in Higashi-Osaka City in Osaka Prefecture in Japan...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319558/effects-of-medical-interventions-on-gender-dysphoria-and-body-image-a-follow-up-study
#2
Tim C van de Grift, Els Elaut, Susanne C Cerwenka, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Griet De Cuypere, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence is to investigate the status of all individuals who had applied for gender confirming interventions from 2007 until 2009, irrespective of whether they received treatment. The current article describes the study protocol, the effect of medical treatment on gender dysphoria and body image, and the predictive value of (pre)treatment factors on post-treatment outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected on medical interventions, transition status, gender dysphoria (Utrecht Gender Dysphoria Scale), and body image (Body Image Scale for Transsexuals)...
March 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316057/more-than-just-child-s-play-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-impact-of-an-appearance-focused-internet-game-on-body-image-and-career-aspirations-of-young-girls
#3
Amy Slater, Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Emma Gaskin
In recent years, elements of the modern environment (such as television, Internet, toys and clothes) have been criticized for having an increasingly sexualized or appearance focus, which has been suggested to be detrimental to girls' development. The current study examined the impact of an appearance-focused Internet game on young girls' body image and career cognitions and aspirations. Eighty British girls aged 8-9 years were randomly assigned to play an appearance-focused or a non-appearance focused game for 10 minutes...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301566/eating-symptomatology-and-general-psychopathology-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-from-china-uk-and-spain-a-cross-cultural-study-examining-the-role-of-social-attitudes
#4
Zaida Agüera, Nicola Brewin, Jue Chen, Roser Granero, Qing Kang, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Jon Arcelus
Cultural studies exploring differences in the manifestation of anorexia nervosa (AN) have primarily focus on Western and non-Western cultures. However, no study so far has considered the role that social attitudes (i.e. Collectivist vs. Individualist cultural values) have in the clinical manifestations of eating disorders, including AN patients. With this in mind, the aim of this study is to compare eating and general psychopathology in a large sample of individuals diagnosed with AN from China, Spain, and United Kingdom (UK), in order to study the differences according to belonging to Western or non-Western country, or the country's Individualist Index (IDV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290937/depression-and-anxiety-in-greek-male-veterans-after-retirement
#5
Aspa Kypraiou, Pavlos Sarafis, Andreas Tsounis, Georgia Bitsi, Elias Andreanides, Theodoros Constantinidis, Evaggelia Kotrotsiou, Maria Malliarou
INTRODUCTION: Retirement is a turning point in human life, resulting in changes to physical and mental health status. The aim of this study was to examine the factors that are related with depression and anxiety symptoms in Greek male veterans after retirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 502 veterans participated in a cross-sectional study. Beck Depression Inventory for depression assessment and Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory for anxiety assessment were used...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287919/cost-effectiveness-of-achieving-clinical-improvement-with-a-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-prevention-program
#6
Laura Akers, Paul Rohde, Eric Stice, Meghan L Butryn, Heather Shaw
Using data from an effectiveness trial delivered by college clinicians, we examined the cost-effectiveness of the dissonance-based Body Project program for reducing eating disorder symptoms in women with body dissatisfaction. The outcome of interest was individual-level change; 14.9% of Body Project participants attained clinically meaningful improvement vs. 6.7% of controls. Delivering the intervention costs approximately $70 (2012 U.S. dollars) per person. Incremental cost-effectiveness was $838 for each additional at-risk person reducing eating disorder symptomology to a clinically meaningful degree...
March 13, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286355/the-moderating-role-of-body-dissatisfaction-in-the-relationship-between-adhd-symptoms-and-disordered-eating-in-pediatric-overweight-and-obesity
#7
Marissa A Gowey, Sarah Stromberg, Crystal S Lim, David M Janicke
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors linked to disordered eating in overweight and obesity (OV/OB) may provide a better understanding of youth at risk for disordered eating. This project examined whether ADHD symptoms and body dissatisfaction were associated with disordered eating. METHODS: ADHD symptoms, disordered eating, and body dissatisfaction were assessed in 220 youth ages 7-12 who were OV/OB. RESULTS: Multiple linear regressions showed that body dissatisfaction and ADHD symptoms were associated with disordered eating...
2017: Children's Health Care: Journal of the Association for the Care of Children's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286330/effects-of-the-exposure-to-self-and-other-referential-bodies-on-state-body-image-and-negative-affect-in-resistance-trained-men
#8
Martin Cordes, Silja Vocks, Rainer Düsing, Manuel Waldorf
Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men's body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked...
March 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285543/feelings-of-unattractiveness-in-peri-and-postmenopausal-women-are-associated-with-depressed-mood-poor-memory-and-unsatisfactory-sexual-relationships
#9
M Terauchi, A Hirose, M Akiyoshi, K Kato, N Miyasaka
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of, and risk factors associated with, the feeling of unattractiveness in peri- and postmenopausal women. METHODS: The records of 351 women aged 40-76 who enrolled in a health and nutrition education program at a menopause clinic were analyzed in a cross-sectional manner. Perceptions of unattractiveness were estimated according to responses for the item 'feeling less attractive than before' on the Menopausal Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire...
March 11, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285176/negative-body-image-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology-among-young-women-identifying-with-goth-subculture
#10
Viren Swami
The present study compared the rates of negative body image and risk for disordered eating in young women who identify as part of goth subculture and a matched sample. Participants were 80 women who identified as part of goth subculture and a matched sample of 82 women from London, United Kingdom. Participants completed measures of self-ideal body size discrepancy, body appreciation, appearance investment, and eating disorder symptomatology. Between-group comparisons indicated that goth women reported significantly higher drive for thinness (d=0...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271455/children-with-obesity-peer-influence-as-a-predictor-of-body-dissatisfaction
#11
Adriana Amaya-Hernández, Mayaro Ortega-Luyando, María Leticia Bautista-Díaz, Georgina L Alvarez-Rayón, Juan Manuel Mancilla-Díaz
PURPOSE: To analyze self-esteem, as well as the different peer influence components (messages, interactions and likability) as predictors of body dissatisfaction in children with obesity. METHOD: A total of 123 children aged between 10 and 12 years were divided into two groups according to their body mass index. The group with obesity was comprised of 36 boys and 21 girls and the group with normal weight of 32 boys and 34 girls. All of the participants answered the Body Shape Questionnaire-16, the Inventory of Peer Influence on Eating Concerns, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale...
March 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252801/the-effects-of-priming-in-a-cued-dot-probe-task-on-appearance-related-attentional-biases-in-women
#12
Ben R Lane, Kate E Mulgrew, Doug Mahar, Melanie J White, Siobhan A Loughnan
The dot-probe task (DPT) is a reaction time measure of attentional bias. Research using this task has found inconsistent patterns of appearance-related attentional biases in women. This study examined the effects of a novel priming variation of the DPT, which incorporated additional cues into each trial of the task, on measurement of such biases. The study also examined associations between these biases and body image, a component of eating disorder symptomatology. A convenience sample of women from the general community (N = 103) completed body image measures online and attended a laboratory session to complete one of four DPTs: (1) an appearance-cued DPT containing images of thin-ideal models between each trial; (2) neutral-cued DPT containing images of forests; (3) time-delayed DPT controlling for time in place of an image; or (4) typical DPT containing only word stimuli...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249107/a-controlled-randomized-preliminary-trial-of-a-modified-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-intervention-program
#13
M A Green, M Willis, K Fernandez-Kong, S Reyes, R Linkhart, M Johnson, T Thorne, J Lindberg, E Kroska, H Woodward
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of a modified dissonance-based eating disorder program (n = 24) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 23) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 47) with clinical (n = 22) and subclinical (n = 25) eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: The traditional content of the Body Project, a dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program, was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade self-objectification and maladaptive social comparison...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226304/positive-comments-negative-outcomes-the-potential-downsides-of-appearance-related-commentary-in-ethnically-diverse-women
#14
Sylvia Herbozo, Serena D Stevens, Christina P Moldovan, Holly E R Morrell
Although research has shown that appearance-related commentary influences body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, limited research has studied such commentary among ethnically diverse women. The current study examined ethnic group differences in the frequency and impact of appearance-related commentary and associations with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. Participants included 280 undergraduate women aged 18-25 (56.1% European American, 28.6% African American, and 15.3% Latina American)...
February 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215287/the-development-of-body-image-and-weight-bias-in-childhood
#15
S J Paxton, S R Damiano
Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203256/the-correlation-of-depression-with-internet-use-and-body-image-in-korean-adolescents
#16
Chang Hoon Lim, Eun Ji Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Jue Seong Lee, Yoon Lee, Sang Hee Park
PURPOSE: To examine the correlation of depression with Internet use and body image perception, and to analyze the risk factors of depression in a total of 920 students in Seoul, Korea. METHODS: Students were recruited by contacting school principals and teachers and were encouraged to fill out a self-report questionnaire designed specifically for this study in July of 2008. RESULTS: Female participants had an increased risk for depression than did male participants (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196952/revalidation-and-quality-assurance-the-application-of-the-musiq-framework-in-independent-verification-visits-to-healthcare-organisations
#17
Ann Griffin, Alex McKeown, Rowena Viney, Antonia Rich, Trevor Welland, Irene Gafson, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: We present a national evaluation of the impact of independent verification visits (IVVs) performed by National Health Service (NHS) England as part of quality assuring medical revalidation. Organisational visits are central to NHS quality assurance. They are costly, yet little empirical research evidence exists concerning their impact, and what does exist is conflicting. SETTING: The focus was on healthcare providers in the NHS (in secondary care) and private sector across England, who were designated bodies (DBs)...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183688/association-between-internet-use-and-body-dissatisfaction-among-young-females-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-canadian-community-health-survey
#18
Allison Carter, Jamie I Forrest, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests Internet exposure, including Facebook use, is positively correlated with body dissatisfaction, especially among girls and young women. Canada has one of the highest Internet access rates in the world, yet no previous study has examined this relationship using nationally representative data. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between Internet use and body dissatisfaction among a national, population-based sample of Canadian females 12-29 years of age...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169567/using-social-network-analysis-to-better-understand-compulsive-exercise-behavior-among-a-sample-of-sorority-members
#19
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Goodson
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise, a form of unhealthy exercise often associated with prioritizing exercise and feeling guilty when exercise is missed, is a common precursor to and symptom of eating disorders. College-aged women are at high risk of exercising compulsively compared to other groups. Social network analysis (SNA) is a theoretical perspective and methodology allowing researchers to observe the effects of relational dynamics on the behaviors of people. METHODS: SNA was used to assess the relationship between compulsive exercise and body dissatisfaction, physical activity, and network variables...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139177/comparison-of-a-gratitude-based-and-cognitive-restructuring-intervention-for-body-dissatisfaction-and-dysfunctional-eating-behavior-in-college-women
#20
Wendy L Wolfe, Kaitlyn Patterson
Researchers have investigated the efficacy of a gratitude intervention for decreasing body dissatisfaction (BD) in an internet treatment-seeking sample and demonstrated it worked equally well to decrease BD as cognitive restructuring. We extend this research by testing the efficacy of a gratitude intervention on BD, along with common sequelae of BD: dysfunctional eating, negative mood, and depressive symptoms. Females were randomly assigned to Gratitude, Cognitive Restructuring, or Control conditions. Pre- to post-intervention period comparisons found the gratitude intervention to perform better than the other conditions at increasing body esteem, decreasing BD, reducing dysfunctional eating, and reducing depressive symptoms...
January 31, 2017: Eating Disorders
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