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body dissatisfaction

Leah N Tobin, Christopher R Sears, Alicia S Zumbusch, Kristin M von Ranson
Understanding the cognitive processes underlying body dissatisfaction provides important information on the development and perpetuation of eating pathology. Previous research suggests that body-dissatisfied women process weight-related information differently than body-satisfied women, but the precise nature of these processing differences is not yet understood. In this study, eye-gaze tracking was used to measure attention to weight-related words in body-dissatisfied (n = 40) and body-satisfied (n = 38) women, before and after exposure to images of thin fashion models...
2018: PloS One
Marcela R de Castro, Fabiane F R Morgado, Ismael F Freitas
As a follow-up to an earlier study from this research group involving women, this study examined the reliability and validity of the Brazilian Photographic Figure Rating Scale for Men (BPFRS-M) for evaluating men's body perception and dissatisfaction. In both versions of the Brazilian Photographic Figure Rating Scale (BPFRS), respondents viewed eight photographic images (seven distorted and one accurate) of themselves in standard poses and then offered self-ratings. In both versions, 10 experts assessed content validity and demonstrated high agreement (defined by ratings of 4-5 on a 5-point scale) that BPFRS items measured underlying constructs, and experts showed high (>70%) interrater agreement...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
L-K Shaw, K A Sherman, J Fitness, E Elder
OBJECTIVE: Many un-partnered women report difficulty in forming romantic relationships after breast cancer, characterized by high dating-related anxiety and low perceived interpersonal competence. This study examined the relationship between poor body image (appearance investment and body dissatisfaction) and self-compassion, and women's ability to form romantic relationships post-breast cancer. METHODS: Women (N=152) diagnosed with breast cancer, who were either un-partnered and expressed interest in romantic dating, or who had commenced a relationship post-diagnosis, completed an online survey...
February 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Gail A Williams, Danae L Hudson, Brooke L Whisenhunt, Megan Stone, Leslie J Heinberg, Janis H Crowther
BACKGROUND: Many bariatric surgery candidates report body image concerns before surgery. Research has reported post-surgical improvements in body satisfaction, which may be associated with weight loss. However, research has failed to comprehensively examine changes in affective, behavioral, and cognitive body image. OBJECTIVES: This research examined (1) short-term changes in affective, behavioral, and cognitive components of body image from pre-surgery to 1- and 6-months after bariatric surgery, and (2) the association between percent weight loss and these changes...
January 6, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Laura R Uhlmann, Caroline L Donovan, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Hayley S Bell, Robin A Ramme
Anecdotal testimony suggests the 'fit' female body ideal is 'healthier' than the thin ideal, because it simultaneously focuses on muscularity. However, statistical investigation into the outcomes associated with fit ideal internalisation is absent. This study used moderation analyses to investigate whether concurrent muscular internalisation mitigated the relationship between thin internalisation and; negative affect, body dissatisfaction, bulimic symptoms, and dieting. Additional analyses investigated whether concurrent thin internalisation amplified the relationship between muscular internalisation, compulsive exercise, and supplement use...
February 8, 2018: Body Image
Jamie Dunaev, Charlotte H Markey, Paula M Brochu
Internalized weight bias and body dissatisfaction are associated with a number of negative psychological and physical health outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of body-focused gratitude, through a short writing exercise, as a strategy to reduce internalized weight bias and improve body image. Young adults (Mage = 22.71, SD = 2.08, 51.2% female) were randomly assigned to either a body gratitude condition (n = 185) or a control condition (n = 184). Results indicated that participants in the gratitude condition reported significantly lower weight bias internalization and significantly more favorable appearance evaluation and greater body satisfaction when compared to the control condition...
February 7, 2018: Body Image
Cristiane Costa Fonseca, Daniela Francescato Veiga, Edgard da Silva Garcia, Isaías Vieira Cabral, Monique Maçais de Carvalho, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Lydia Masako Ferreira
Background: Body image dissatisfaction is one of the major factors that motivate patients to undergo plastic surgery. However, few studies have associated body satisfaction with reduction mammaplasty. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of breast hypertrophy and reduction mammaplasty on body image. Methods: Breast hypertrophy patients, with reduction mammaplasty already scheduled between June 2013 and December 2015 (mammaplasty group, MG), were prospectively evaluated through the body dysmorphic disorder examination (BDDE), body investment scale (BIS), and breast evaluation questionnaire (BEQ55) tools...
February 7, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Elin L Lantz, Monika E Gaspar, Rebecca DiTore, Amani D Piers, Katherine Schaumberg
Body dissatisfaction, the negative subjective evaluation of one's body, is associated with many negative psychological and physical health consequences. One conceptualization of body dissatisfaction includes an experience of discrepancy between perceived actual and ideal body shapes. This paper reviews the literature on three facets of body dissatisfaction from the framework of self-discrepancy theory: perceptions of current weight, ideal body weight, and the relative importance of conforming to ideals. We review components of body dissatisfaction among healthy individuals and eating-disordered individuals...
February 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Kymberlie Preiss, David Clarke, Paul O'Brien, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify psychosocial variables associated with the relationship between weight loss and change in depressive symptoms following gastric banding surgery. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults completed self-report questionnaires assessing depressive symptoms and other psychosocial variables (self-esteem, body image dissatisfaction, perceived physical health, and perceived weight-based stigmatisation) prior to gastric-band surgery and monthly for 6-month post-surgery...
February 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Ben Richardson, Vivienne Lewis, Josh Smyth, Isabel Krug
The present study evaluated the relation of key features of state body dissatisfaction experiences - inertia, instability from moment-to-moment, and average level across time-points - to trait body dissatisfaction and/or eating disorder risk. Participants included 161 women who completed measures of trait body dissatisfaction and disordered eating pathology, and then completed reported state body dissatisfaction and contextual influences (binge eating, dietary restraint, exercise, and appearance comparison behaviors) 6 times daily for 7 days...
February 1, 2018: Body Image
Deborah J Wallis, Nathan Ridout, Emma Sharpe
Emotion recognition deficits have consistently been reported in clinical and sub-clinical disordered eating. However, most studies have used static faces, despite the dynamic nature of everyday social interactions. The current aims were to confirm previous findings of emotion recognition deficits in non-clinical disordered eating and to determine if these deficits would be more evident in response to static as compared to dynamic emotional stimuli. We also aimed to establish if these emotion recognition deficits could be explained by comorbid psychopathology (depression, anxiety or alexithymia)...
January 31, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Maho Omori, Deborah Dempsey
Adopting Kleinman's and Lock's ideas that there are cultural variations in understandings of health care and the medicalisation of ageing bodies, this study compares and contrasts older adults' use of anti-ageing medicine in two cultural settings. Based on 42 interviews conducted in Australia and Japan with adults aged 60 and over, findings revealed distinct pathways to initiating anti-ageing medicine use between the two cohorts which reflect different attitudes to the medicalisation of ageing in the two settings...
February 6, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Kimberly Embacher, Doctoral Student, Rory McGloin, Assistant Professor, David Atkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Müjde Özer, Indiana Mortimore, Elise P Jansma, Margriet G Mullender
Labiaplasty (also known as labia minora reduction) is attracting increasing attention in the media and in online forums. Controversy exists among health-care professionals on how to manage a request for this surgery. Furthermore, the indications for and outcomes of labiaplasty have not yet been systematically assessed, and long-term outcomes have not yet been reported. Labia minora hypertrophy is defined as enlargement of the labia minora; however, the natural variation of labia minora size has scarcely been studied, with only one study suggesting objective criteria...
February 6, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
Jeffrey K Lange, Yuo-Yu Lee, Sara K Spiro, Steven B Haas
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of satisfaction rates following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) among large, age-differentiated, rigorously matched cohorts are lacking. Therefore, we compared satisfaction rates following TKA in large, age-differentiated, propensity score-matched cohorts. METHODS: We identified primary TKAs performed for non-inflammatory arthritis in patients of ages 18-55 or 65-75, yielding 529 younger and 2001 older patients. Patient-reported outcomes were recorded pre-operatively and 2 years post-operatively...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Lenny R Vartanian, Lydia E Hayward, Joshua M Smyth, Susan J Paxton, Stephen W Touyz
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined a theoretical model (the identity disruption model) linking negative early life experiences to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating via self-concept clarity and sociocultural factors (internalization of beauty ideals and appearance comparison tendencies). METHOD: 1,023 participants (52% women) completed a series of questionnaires online, including measures of negative early life experiences and childhood abuse, self-concept clarity, internalization of beauty ideals, appearance comparison tendencies, sociocultural pressure to improve one's appearance, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Gina Williamson, Bryan T Karazsia
Research demonstrates that exposure to appearance-focused images of models depicting societal standards of beauty negatively affect women's state-oriented body dissatisfaction. The purpose of this research was to extend this experimental research to women's state-oriented body appreciation. The 374 women participants were randomly assigned to view images that were either depicting a model who was representative or not representative of the thin ideal (body size), while this model was in either an appearance-focused pose or a function-oriented pose (pose type)...
January 20, 2018: Body Image
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Isabel Krug, Siân A McLean
Social media has been associated with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms among young women and adolescent girls. However, despite notable evidence of susceptibility to body image pressures, it remains unknown whether these associations generalize to sexual minority men. A nationwide sample of 2,733 sexual minority men completed an online survey advertised to Australian and New Zealand users of a popular dating app. Participants answered questions about how frequently they used 11 different social media platforms in addition to questions about their dating app use, body image, eating disorder symptoms, and anabolic steroids...
January 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Sarah D Mills, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Shadi Gholizadeh, Rina S Fox, Lisa R Jewett, Karen Gottesman, Scott C Roesch, Brett D Thombs, Vanessa L Malcarne
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that can cause disfiguring changes in appearance. This study examined the structural validity, internal consistency reliability, convergent validity, and measurement equivalence of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) across SSc disease subtypes. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network Cohort completed the SAAS and measures of appearance-related concerns and psychological distress...
January 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
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