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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035748/body-dissatisfaction-predicts-poor-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-adherence-in-overweight-mexican-american-women
#1
Julia L Austin, Kelsey N Serier, Ruth E Sarafin, Jane Ellen Smith
Poor adherence poses a major barrier to the success of behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs, particularly for overweight Mexican American women. Given the high prevalence and costs of overweight/obesity, factors that contribute to attendance and adherence problems should be identified, especially in ethnic minority populations. The current study examined the role of pre-treatment body dissatisfaction and depression in predicting attendance and adherence in a BWL intervention. Ninety-nine overweight/obese Mexican American women enrolled in the intervention and completed baseline measures...
October 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035184/the-art-of-healing-through-narrative-medicine-in-clinical-practice-a-reflection
#2
Aeman Muneeb, Hena Jawaid, Natasha Khalid, Asad Mian
The art of medicine has roots that lie deep in developing the biopsychosocial connection. Understanding a human body (both its physiology and pathology) along with components of emotional and spiritual cores can lead to provision of excellent medical care and better outcomes. The harmonization of psychosocial consequences of a biological disease is helpful not just for health care professionals but also for patients. Where it keeps the empathy and compassion alive and results in greater patient satisfaction, it also helps boost the physician's morale...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032289/exploration-of-body-perception-and-body-dissatisfaction-in-young-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#3
Kate Eden, Cathy Randle-Phillips
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disability (ID) are more likely to be overweight or obese. Research has shown that body dissatisfaction is a key factor in influencing unhealthy eating behaviour. More evidence is needed relating to how people with ID perceive their bodies in order to provide effectively targeted weight management programmes. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether people with ID have concepts for underweight, overweight and healthyweight, and whether they can apply these concepts to themselves...
October 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022681/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-weight-control-behaviour-in-slovak-adolescents
#4
Martina Bašková, Jana Holubčíková, Tibor Baška
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine body-image dissatisfaction in adolescents aged 13-15 years reporting to be on a diet and to assess gender and age differences in weight-reduction behaviour in Slovak adolescents. METHODS: Data on a representative sample of 2,765 adolescents (mean age 14.37 years) from the Slovak part of Health Behaviour in School Aged Children Study carried out in 2014 were analysed. Self-reported body-image dissatisfaction and engagement in weight-reduction behaviour of 13 to 15-year-old adolescents was assessed using multiple logistic regression models...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021900/a-content-analysis-of-thinspiration-fitspiration-and-bonespiration-imagery-on-social-media
#5
Catherine Victoria Talbot, Jeffrey Gavin, Tommy van Steen, Yvette Morey
BACKGROUND: On social media, images such as thinspiration, fitspiration, and bonespiration, are shared to inspire certain body ideals. Previous research has demonstrated that exposure to these groups of content is associated with increased body dissatisfaction and decreased self-esteem. It is therefore important that the bodies featured within these groups of content are more fully understood so that effective interventions and preventative measures can be informed, developed, and implemented...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977287/body-image-in-childhood-an-integrative-literature-review
#6
Clara Mockdece Neves, Flávia Marcelle Cipriani, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the scientific literature regarding the evaluation of body image in children through an integrative literature review. DATA SOURCE: An intersection of the keywords "body image" AND "child" was conducted in Scopus, Medline and Virtual Health Library (BVS - Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde) databases. The electronic search was based on studies published from January 2013 to January 2016, in order to verify the most current investigations on the subject...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977269/body-dissatisfaction-among-iranian-youth-and-adults
#7
Behshid Garrusi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi
Despite the importance of body satisfaction on one's self image and well-being, little has been written about body image or how it affects people in Iran. The aim of this study is to assess body dissatisfaction and its risk factors in the general Iranian population. The sample size for this cross-sectional study included approximately 1,200 participants (both male and female) and was conducted in 2011. Body dissatisfaction (based on the Figure Rating Scale), demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI) and use of the media were recorded...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977133/association-between-perceived-stress-in-adolescence-body-weight-and-romantic-relationships
#8
André de Araújo Pinto, Gaia Salvador Claumann, Pâmella de Medeiros, Rita Maria Dos Santos Puga Barbosa, Marcus Vinicius Nahas, Andreia Pelegrini
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between perceived stress in adolescence, body weight and romantic relationships. METHODS: Participants were 2,571 adolescents (56.1% female), with mean age of 16.6±1.2 years, who were students of public schools in Amazonas. The adolescents answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic questions (sex, age group, school year, study shift, maternal schooling and family income) and related to body weight dissatisfaction, romantic relationships (identified by the relationship status - with or without a partner) and perceived stress (dependent variable)...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969624/why-women-choose-compounded-bioidentical-hormone-therapy-lessons-from-a-qualitative-study-of-menopausal-decision-making
#9
Jennifer Jo Thompson, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Mark Nichter
BACKGROUND: In recent years, compounded bioidentical hormone therapy (CBHT) has emerged as a popular alternative to manufactured, FDA approved hormone therapy (HT)-despite concerns within the medical community and the availability of new FDA approved "bioidentical" products. This study aims to characterize the motivations for using CBHT in a U.S. sample of ordinary midlife women. METHODS: We analyze data collected from 21 current and former users of CBHT who participated in a larger qualitative study of menopausal decision-making among U...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966747/sleep-associated-monitoring-on-awakening-mediates-the-relationship-between-cutaneous-body-image-dissatisfaction-and-insomnia-symptoms
#10
Umair Akram
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the relationship between dissatisfaction with cutaneous body image and insomnia symptoms, incorporating the mediating role of monitoring for signs of poor-sleep on awakening and throughout the day. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one participants completed The Insomnia Severity Index, Cutaneous Body Image Scale, and subscales of the Sleep Associated Monitoring Index. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that insomnia symptoms were significantly associated with a greater dissatisfaction with cutaneous body image...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965052/-i-don-t-need-people-to-tell-me-i-m-pretty-on-social-media-a-qualitative-study-of-social-media-and-body-image-in-early-adolescent-girls
#11
C Blair Burnette, Melissa A Kwitowski, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Social media appear to contribute to body dissatisfaction in adolescents, although few empirical studies exist. This study used six focus groups (total N=38) to explore relations between social media use and body image in early adolescent girls (ages 12-14). Thematic analysis identified patterns in the data. In this sample, social media use was high. Girls endorsed some appearance concerns and social comparison, particularly with peers. However, they displayed high media literacy, appreciation of differences, and confidence, strategies that appeared helpful in mitigating the potential negative association between social media exposure and body image...
September 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965051/is-use-of-social-networking-sites-associated-with-young-women-s-body-dissatisfaction-and-disordered-eating-a-look-at-black-white-racial-differences
#12
Lindsay M Howard, Kristin E Heron, Rachel I MacIntyre, Taryn A Myers, Robin S Everhart
Maladaptive patterns of social networking site (SNS) use, such as excessive reassurance seeking, are associated with body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. However, it is unclear how these processes play out among different racial groups. This study examined racial differences in SNS use and body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Black (n=445) and White (n=477) female undergraduates completed online measures of SNS use (frequency and reassurance seeking), body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating...
September 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961482/relative-deprivation-measurement-issues-and-predictive-role-for-body-image-dissatisfaction
#13
Lucio Esposito, Adrián Villaseñor
The study of how relative standing in the socioeconomic hierarchy affects health outcomes faces a number of challenges. Two critical issues are the choice of the indicator quantifying relative standard of living and the collinearity which typically arises when absolute standard of living is controlled for. We address these issues by taking into examination linear and concave measures of relative deprivation and by showing that collinearity can be lessened through manipulations of the measures' formulae. Importantly, we argue that the two issues are intertwined and should be jointly considered by researchers...
September 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953800/perception-of-body-image-in-early-adolescence-an-investigation-in-secondary-schools
#14
Maria Rosaria Juli
INTRODUCTION: The clinical evidence shows that the onset of eating disorders is increasing in the prepubescent phase or even in childhood. Already starting from the prepubescence the certainties related to the body start to unwind and the individual is encouraged to build new ones, based both on the anatomic transformation of his/her own body and on the social expectation according to the identity. The onset of a Eating Disorders is normally between 13 and 25 years, but in the last years we recorded a lowering in the onset threshold to an age between 11 and 13 years, with some earlier cases at 7 years (Franzoni et al...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944615/agreement-between-weight-status-and-perceived-body-size-and-the-association-with-body-size-satisfaction-in-children
#15
Iris Leppers, Henning Tiemeier, Sonja A Swanson, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Pauline W Jansen
OBJECTIVE: Extensive evidence suggests that children and adolescents often inaccurately perceive their body size. However, the extent of this misperception is unclear. This paper describes the agreement between children's actual weight and the perception of body size (self-reported and maternally reported) and the association of actual weight with self-reported body satisfaction. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study of 3,408 children aged 9 to 10 years, we assessed the children's self-perception and ideal perception of their body size with the Children's Body Image Scale...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944527/psychophysiological-changes-during-pure-vs-guided-mirror-exposure-therapies-in-women-with-high-body-dissatisfaction-what-are-they-learning-about-their-bodies
#16
Sandra Díaz-Ferrer, Sonia Rodríguez-Ruiz, Blanca Ortega-Roldán, José Luis Mata-Martín, M Carmen Fernández-Santaella
This study aimed to examine the psychophysiological changes resulting from two mirror exposure treatments that are effective at reducing body dissatisfaction. Thirty-five university women with body dissatisfaction and subclinical eating disorders were randomly assigned to one of two groups: pure (n = 17) or guided exposure (n = 18). The participants received six sessions of treatment. Their thoughts, feelings and avoidance behaviours were assessed after each session. Their subjective discomfort, heart rate and skin conductance were assessed within the sessions...
September 24, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942115/quality-of-life-and-patient-satisfaction-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-on-stable-vitamin-k-antagonist-treatment-or-switched-to-a-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulant-during-a-1-year-follow-up-a-prefer-in-af-registry-substudy
#17
Raffaele De Caterina, Bernd Brüggenjürgen, Harald Darius, Sabine Köhler, Markus Lucerna, Ladislav Pecen, Giulia Renda, Richard John Schilling, Tessa Schliephacke, José Luis Zamorano, Jean-Yves Le Heuzey, Paulus Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are being introduced for stroke prevention in non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation (AF), and promise to be accepted better than Vitamin K Antagonists (VKAs) by patients, improving their Quality of Life (QoL). AIM: To assess to what extent patient-related factors influence decisions to switch from a VKA to a NOAC. METHODS: The PREFER in AF Registry collected data at baseline in 2012 - at the beginning of NOAC prescriptions - and at 1-year follow-up, in 6412 patients in seven Western European countries...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939270/systematic-review-and-evidence-based-recommendations-on-texture-modified-foods-and-thickened-liquids-for-adults-above-17-years-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-an-updated-clinical-guideline
#18
Anne Marie Beck, Annette Kjaersgaard, Tina Hansen, Ingrid Poulsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) has significant consequences for both the person with dysphagia and the society. An often-used treatment for OD is the recommendation of the texture of food and liquids. This recommendation seems to be based more on best practice than on evidence from a systematic review of existing scientific evidence. The aim of this paper was to report the result of an up-date of an original national guideline focussing on whether thickened liquids (review question 1) and modified foods (review question 2) are beneficial for adults above 17 years with OD in relation to three critical outcomes (aspiration, pneumonia and death) and seven important outcomes (dehydration, weight loss, mealtime performance, patient preferences, intervention adherence and quality of life)...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929940/a-controlled-trial-of-a-yoga-based-prevention-program-targeting-eating-disorder-risk-factors-among-middle-school-females
#19
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Kellie Talebkhah, Wendy Guyker, Emily Keddie
This study investigates outcomes of a revised version of a yoga-based, eating disorder prevention program, targeting eating disorder risk factors, among fifth grade girls (i.e., Girls Growing in Wellness and Balance: Yoga and Life Skills to Empower [GGWB]). The program is designed to decrease eating disorder risk factors and bolster self-care and includes revisions not yet studied that extend the program to 14 weeks and enhance content addressing self-care. Efficacy was assessed using a controlled, repeated measures design...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921689/associations-between-eating-disorder-related-symptoms-and-participants-utilization-of-an-individualized-internet-based-prevention-and-early-intervention-program
#20
Sally Kindermann, Markus Moessner, Fikret Ozer, Stephanie Bauer
OBJECTIVE: Flexible, individualized interventions allow participants to adjust the intensity of support to their current needs. Between-persons, participants with greater needs can receive more intense support, within-persons, participants can adjust utilization to their current level of symptoms. The purpose of the present study was to analyze associations between ED-related symptoms and utilization of the individualized program ProYouth both between- and within-persons, aiming to investigate whether participants adapt utilization intensity to their current needs...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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