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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900180/pursuit-of-performance-excellence-a-population-study-of-norwegian-adolescent-female-cross-country-skiers-and-biathletes-with-disordered-eating
#1
Ingvild Pettersen, Erik Hernæs, Finn Skårderud
AIM: To examine the prevalence of disordered eating (DE) among the total population of Norwegian female cross-country skiers and biathletes at the junior level, and to determine whether sociodemographic characteristics predict DE among athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional population study of Norwegian female junior cross-country skiers and biathletes (n=262), with a response rate of 86%. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses explored the prevalence of DE and its relation to sports, competitive age groups, competitive status and education...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893220/is-body-dissatisfaction-changing-across-time-a-cross-temporal-meta-analysis
#2
Bryan T Karazsia, Sarah K Murnen, Tracy L Tylka
It remains unclear whether body dissatisfaction, a widely recognized predictor of eating-related pathologies and depressive symptomatology, is consistent across cohorts and time. This question is important to investigate because dominant theories propose that sociocultural influences, which may fluctuate, play an important role in the development of body dissatisfaction. Previous efforts for tracking body dissatisfaction across cohorts and time are limited by relying on data from a single institution or using assessments that lack psychometric support across genders...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889011/limb-amputation-and-other-disability-desires-as-a-medical-condition
#3
REVIEW
Peter Brugger, Markus Christen, Lena Jellestad, Jürgen Hänggi
Some people have a profound dissatisfaction with what is considered an able-bodied state by most others. These individuals desire to be disabled, by conventional standards. In this Review, we integrate research findings about the desire for a major limb amputation or paralysis (xenomelia). Neuropsychological and neuroimaging explorations of xenomelia show functional and structural abnormalities in predominantly right hemisphere cortical circuits of higher-order bodily representation, including affective and sexual aspects of corporeal awareness...
December 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882573/effects-of-nurse-work-environment-on-job-dissatisfaction-burnout-intention-to-leave
#4
A Nantsupawat, W Kunaviktikul, R Nantsupawat, O-A Wichaikhum, H Thienthong, L Poghosyan
BACKGROUND: The nursing shortage is a critical issue in many countries. High turnover rates among nurses is contributing to the shortage, and job dissatisfaction, intention to leave, and burnout have been identified as some of the predictors of nurse turnover. A well-established body of evidence demonstrates that the work environment for nurses influences nurse job dissatisfaction, intention to leave, and burnout, but there never has been a study undertaken in Thailand to investigate this relationship...
November 24, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875563/multimodal-body-representation-of-obese-children-and-adolescents-before-and-after-weight-loss-treatment-in-comparison-to-normal-weight-children
#5
Simone Claire Mölbert, Helene Sauer, Dirk Dammann, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel, Florian Junne, Paul Enck, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Isabelle Mack
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether obese children and adolescents have a disturbed body representation as compared to normal-weight participants matched for age and gender and whether their body representation changes in the course of an inpatient weight-reduction program. METHODS: Sixty obese (OBE) and 27 normal-weight (NW) children and adolescents (age: 9-17) were assessed for body representation using a multi-method approach. Therefore, we assessed body size estimation, tactile size estimation, heartbeat detection accuracy, and attitudes towards one's own body...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872384/dismantling-prevention-comparison-of-outcomes-following-media-literacy-and-appearance-comparison-modules-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Siân A McLean, Eleanor H Wertheim, Mathew D Marques, Susan J Paxton
A dismantling study of body dissatisfaction prevention was conducted. Adolescent girls (N = 260) were randomly allocated to a media literacy (Happy Being Me - Media Literacy) or appearance comparison (Happy Being Me - Appearance Comparison) intervention or healthy eating behaviour control (Happy Being Me - Healthy Eating Behaviour) condition. In the Happy Being Me - Appearance Comparison condition, improvements from baseline to post-programme and follow-up for upward appearance comparison and fear of negative appearance evaluation were observed...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869572/is-listening-to-fat-talk-the-same-as-participating-in-fat-talk
#7
Linda Lin, Meghann Soby
Our study examined whether verbally participating in fat talk conversations had a different effect on women's body image perception than merely listening to friends engage in fat talk conversations. Participants were 321 women who completed measures of listening to and participating in fat talk conversations, drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and dietary restraint. Results indicated that verbally participating in fat talk was a much stronger predictor of women's drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and dietary restraint than merely listening to friends engage in fat talk conversations...
November 21, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865334/body-image-and-eating-disorders-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#8
REVIEW
Zachary McClain, Rebecka Peebles
Adolescence is a crucial period for emerging sexual orientation and gender identity and also body image disturbance and disordered eating. Body image distortion and disordered eating are important pediatric problems affecting individuals along the sexual orientation and gender identity spectrum. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) youth are at risk for eating disorders and body dissatisfaction. Disordered eating in LGBT and gender variant youth may be associated with poorer quality of life and mental health outcomes...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863371/healthy-me-a-gender-specific-program-to-address-body-image-concerns-and-risk-factors-among-preadolescents
#9
Marita P McCabe, Catherine Connaughton, Gemma Tatangelo, David Mellor
This study evaluated a gender-specific, school-based program to promote positive body image and address risk factors for body dissatisfaction. In total, 652 children aged 8-10 years participated (335 intervention, 317 wait-list control). Children participated in four 60min sessions and a recap session at three months post-intervention. The broad content areas were body image, peer relationships, media awareness, healthy diet, and exercise. The activities and examples for each session were gender specific. The recap session was an overview of the four sessions...
November 15, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862635/sexual-distress-and-associated-factors-among-cervical-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-observational-study
#10
R M Bakker, G G Kenter, C L Creutzberg, A M Stiggelbout, M Derks, W Mingelen, C D Kroon, W M Vermeer, M M Ter Kuile
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether sexual distress among cervical cancer (CC) survivors is associated with frequently reported vaginal sexual symptoms, other proposed biopsychosocial factors, and whether worries about painful intercourse mediates the relation between vaginal sexual symptoms and sexual distress. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 194 sexually active partnered CC survivors aged 25-69 years. Sexual distress, vaginal sexual symptoms, sexual pain worry, anxiety, depression, body image concerns, and relationship dissatisfaction, and the socio-demographic variables age, time since treatment, and relationship duration, were assessed using validated self-administrated questionnaires...
November 15, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853685/what-s-preventing-us-to-get-more-attraction-the-fear-of-aesthetic-surgery
#11
Mona Leitermann, Klaus Hoffmann, Erich Kasten
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, with the help of cosmetic surgery almost every woman and man can achieve a highly attractive appearance. The question is, why so many people do not take advantage of these opportunities? This pilot-study investigates individual attitudes of people towards aesthetic plastic surgery. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed which combined self-developed items for a measurement of attitudes towards plastic surgery. In addition, items of the "Freiburger Personality Inventory" (FPI-R) were used...
September 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853167/what-kind-of-sexual-dysfunction-is-most-common-among-overweight-and-obese-women-in-reproductive-age
#12
S Rabiepoor, H R Khalkhali, E Sadeghi
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and sexual health and determine what kind of sexual dysfunction is most common among overweight and obese women in reproductive age from Iran. A cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted. The data of 198 women who referred to health centers during 2014-2015 in Iran were collected through convenient sampling. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, female sexual function and sexual satisfaction indexes...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852337/eating-problems-in-adolescents-and-youths-explanatory-variables
#13
Carmen Maganto, Maite Garaigordobil, Lorea Kortabarria
This study had the following goals: (1) to analyze the differences between participants with and without risk of eating disorders (ED) in self-esteem, happiness, depression, anxiety, anger, and psychological variables related to ED; (2) to determine possible differences in the group at risk of ED on these variables as a function of sex; and (3) to determine which variables explain the risk of ED. Eight assessment instruments were administered to 1.075 participants (74.6% without risk of ED and 25.4% at risk)...
November 17, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851989/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-during-childhood-predicts-self-reported-binge-eating-in-adolescence
#14
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the current study were to examine whether eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) at age 7 predicted reports of self-reported binge eating at age 15 and to identify factors among girls with high-EAH that moderated risk of later binge eating. METHOD: Subjects included 158 girls assessed at age 7 and age 15. Logistic regression was used to predict binge eating at age 15 from calories consumed during EAH at age 7. A series of logistic regressions were used to examine the odds of reporting binge eating given levels of risk factors (e...
November 10, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837040/brazilian-photographic-figure-rating-scale-development-and-psychometric-investigation
#15
Marcela R de Castro, Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado, Ismael Forte Freitas Junior
This study reports on the development, reliability, and validity of a new instrument for obtaining respondents' body image perception, the Brazilian Photographic Figure Rating Scale (BPFRS). This instrument consists of eight photographic images (seven distorted and one accurate) of respondents themselves in standardized poses, taken just prior to requesting respondents to make self-ratings on the instrument. Participants involved in developing and evaluating this instrument were 142 Brazilian women (age 21...
November 11, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833651/embodiment-and-human-development
#16
Peter J Marshall
We are recognizing increasingly that the study of cognitive, social, and emotional processes must account for their embodiment in living, acting beings. The related field of embodied cognition (EC) has coalesced around dissatisfaction with the lack of attention to the body in cognitive science. For developmental scientists, the emphasis in the literature on adult EC on the role of the body in cognition may not seem particularly novel, given that bodily action was central to Piaget's theory of cognitive development...
December 2016: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830582/exposure-with-response-prevention-erp-for-body-dissatisfaction-in-a-group-therapy-format-an-exploratory-study
#17
Brad A Mac Neil, Pauline Leung, Vanessa Montemarano
PURPOSE: The aim of this exploratory study was to examine patient satisfaction and outcomes from exposure with response prevention (ERP) delivered in a group therapy format. The group was aimed at addressing eating disorder symptoms associated with body dissatisfaction in the later stages of outpatient treatment. METHODS: 33 adults with a DSM-5 diagnosis of an eating disorder participated in the ERP group. Participants completed pre- and post-ERP group measures of depression, anxiety, self-evaluation based on body image, restraint, eating concern, weight concern, shape concern, upward and downward appearance comparisons, and patient satisfaction...
November 9, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825373/trends-in-body-image-of-adolescent-females-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#18
M Craike, J A Young, C M Symons, M D Pain, J T Harvey, R M Eime, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction is associated with a range of adverse outcomes, including impaired psychological health, low physical activity and disordered eating. This longitudinal study used the Factors Influencing Transitions in Girls' Active Leisure and Sport (FITGALS) dataset to examine trends in body image of adolescent females. Specifically, the study examined satisfaction with body size, physical appearance and dieting behaviour for two cohorts at transitional life phases in two geographic regions longitudinally over a 3-year period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821295/an-attentional-bias-for-thin-bodies-and-its-relation-to-body-dissatisfaction
#19
Christina Joseph, Vanessa LoBue, Luis M Rivera, Jennifer Irving, Sarah Savoy, Maggie Shiffrar
Research suggests that humans have an attentional bias for the rapid detection of emotionally valenced stimuli, and that such a bias might be shaped by clinical psychological states. The current research extends this work to examine the relation between body dissatisfaction and an attentional bias for thin/idealized body shapes. Across two experiments, undergraduates completed a gender-consistent body dissatisfaction measure, and a dot-probe paradigm to measure attentional biases for thin versus heavy bodies...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816857/replication-and-extension-of-the-dual-pathway-model-of-disordered-eating-the-role-of-fear-of-negative-evaluation-suggestibility-rumination-and-self-compassion
#20
Toni M Maraldo, Wanni Zhou, Jessica Dowling, Jillon S Vander Wal
OBJECTIVE: The dual pathway model, a theoretical model of eating disorder development, suggests that thin ideal internalization leads to body dissatisfaction which leads to disordered eating via the dual pathways of negative affect and dietary restraint. While the dual pathway model has been a valuable guide for eating disorder prevention, greater knowledge of characteristics that predict thin ideal internalization is needed. METHOD: The present study replicated and extended the dual pathway model by considering the addition of fear of negative evaluation, suggestibility, rumination, and self-compassion in a sample of community women and female university students...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
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