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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823101/predictors-of-disordered-eating-in-young-males
#1
R Doumit, J Abi Kharma, M J Sanchez-Ruiz, N Zeeni
Recent findings suggest that disordered eating (DE) symptomatology may be underestimated in the male population. The present study examined depressive symptomatology as a potential mediator of the relationships between body image dissatisfaction, strategies to change body weight and muscles, media pressure, and DE (emotional, restrained and emotional eating) in 260 male undergraduates who completed a self-reported questionnaire. Path analyses indicated that media influence and strategies to decrease body weight had direct positive effects on depressive symptomatology, which in turn predicted emotional eating...
August 19, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818788/does-the-work-environment-matter-sexual-objectification-and-waitresses-body-dissatisfaction
#2
Dawn M Szymanski, Renee Mikorski
We investigated the relations between working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments and body dissatisfaction in a sample of 252 United States waitresses. Supporting our hypotheses, results indicated that working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was positively correlated with waitresses' body dissatisfaction. Our findings also supported a theorized serial three-chain mediation model in which working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was related to body dissatisfaction through more thin ideal internalization and greater self-objectification/body surveillance...
August 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818670/depictive-and-metric-body-size-estimation-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Simone Claire Mölbert, Lukas Klein, Anne Thaler, Betty J Mohler, Chiara Brozzo, Peter Martus, Hans-Otto Karnath, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin Elisabeth Giel
A distorted representation of one's own body is a diagnostic criterion and core psychopathology of both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Despite recent technical advances in research, it is still unknown whether this body image disturbance is characterized by body dissatisfaction and a low ideal weight and/or includes a distorted perception or processing of body size. In this article, we provide an update and meta-analysis of 42 articles summarizing measures and results for body size estimation (BSE) from 926 individuals with AN, 536 individuals with BN and 1920 controls...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818611/teasing-as-a-risk-factor-for-abnormal-eating-behaviours-a-prospective-study-in-an-adolescent-population
#4
Javier Plumed, Natalia Gimeno, María Barberá, Elías Ruiz, Llanos Conesa, Luis Miguel Rojo-Bofill, Lorenzo Livianos, Luis Rojo
INTRODUCTION: There are discrepancies in the literature about the role of teasing in the onset of eating pathology. This article aims to establish the influence of teasing in abnormal eating behaviors and attitudes in the adolescent population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a two-year prospective study conducted in 7,167 adolescents between 13 and 15 years of age. In a first assessment, teasing about weight and teasing about abilities were measured by means of the POTS...
August 14, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815383/a-5-year-follow-up-study-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-among-morbidly-obese-adolescents-does-it-improve-body-image-and-prevent-and-treat-diabetes
#5
Moamena Ahmed El-Matbouly, Nesreen Khidir, Hussien Aly Touny, Walid El Ansari, Mohammed Al-Kuwari, Moataz Bashah
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is widely used, and it is important to examine its physiologic and psychological efficacy among adolescents. We assessed LSG's efficacy for weight loss, its short- and long-term effects on resolving and improving obesity-related comorbidities, and its psychological outcomes among morbidly obese adolescents. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 91 morbidly obese adolescents in Qatar who underwent LSG (2011-2014), with 1- and 5-year follow-ups...
August 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814377/body-weight-misperception-and-dissatisfaction-among-overweight-and-obese-adult-nigerians
#6
Mukadas Oyeniran Akindele, Joliana Phillips, Ehimario Igumbor, Ushotanefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in low- and medium-income countries has a negative impact on overall health. Correct perception of one's body weight is a step in seeking healthy help toward weight reduction in overweight and obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the body weight misperception and dissatisfaction among overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting. METHODS: This study was part of a larger cross-sectional study that was designed to plan an intervention for overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810426/body-dissatisfaction-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology-which-factors-interfere-with-sexuality-in-women-with-eating-disorders
#7
Iris Tolosa-Sola, Katarina Gunnard, Cristina Giménez Muniesa, Laura Casals, Antoni Grau, Josep Maria Farré
Body dissatisfaction is a relevant aspect in both eating disorders and sexuality. Using Stice's model, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between these variables in eating disorder patients compared with healthy controls. Statistically significant correlations between body dissatisfaction and sexuality were found in the whole sample. The clinical group had higher rates of body dissatisfaction and sexual impairment. Within the clinical group, the participants with a greater drive for thinness showed higher sexual dysfunctions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810419/body-image-and-dissatisfaction-among-rural-deep-south-african-american-women-in-a-weight-loss-intervention
#8
Erica R Johnson, Olivia Affuso, Emily B Levitan, Tiffany L Carson, Monica L Baskin
Body image perception may impact health-promoting behaviors as well as knowledge regarding health risks associated with obesity. Our cross-sectional analysis evaluated body image and its association with body mass index among overweight and obese treatment-seeking African American women ( N = 409). Differences between current and desired body image were captured using the Pulvers scale. Results indicated the presence of body image dissatisfaction among participants (median = 2.00, interquartile range: 2...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810374/the-relationship-between-cyberbullying-and-friendship-dynamics-on-adolescent-body-dissatisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ursula Kenny, Lindsay Sullivan, Mary Callaghan, Michal Molcho, Colette Kelly
The relationship between cyberbullying and friendship dynamics on adolescent body dissatisfaction was examined. Data from the Irish contribution to the international cross-sectional 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study were used. Results showed that girls were three times more likely than boys to report that their body is too fat, and adolescents who were cyberbullied were almost twice as likely as adolescents who were not cyberbullied to consider themselves too fat. Stronger friendship dynamics were associated with decreased levels of body dissatisfaction, and friendship dynamics were found to partially mediate the relationship between cyberbullying and body dissatisfaction...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810361/body-dissatisfaction-predicts-inflammatory-status-in-asymptomatic-healthy-individuals
#10
Maša Černelič-Bizjak, Zala Jenko-Pražnikar
Body dissatisfaction may play some role in the pathophysiology of chronic diseases. This study examined relations between body dissatisfaction and circulating levels of inflammatory biomarkers C-reactive protein, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and anti-inflammatory adiponectin, and to explore positive changes in relevant lifestyle behaviour after these associations. A total of 33 asymptomatic overweight men and women were evaluated at the baseline and after a 6-month lifestyle behaviour intervention...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802199/precarious-manhood-and-muscularity-effects-of-threatening-men-s-masculinity-on-reported-strength-and-muscle-dissatisfaction
#11
David A Frederick, Lily M Shapiro, Tonicia R Williams, Christiana M Seoane, Rachel T McIntosh, Emily W Fischer
The precarious manhood perspective proposes that men respond with aggression when they experience threats to their masculinity. Consistent with this view, we hypothesized that men would represent themselves as stronger and more formidable after their masculinity was threatened. A recent study, however, found that men reported less physical strength when threatened (Hunt, Gonsalkorale, & Murray, 2013). In the current two studies (Ns=193; 450), men were given false feedback about whether they were substantially less masculine (masculinity threatened) or more masculine than average (masculinity reassured)...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801926/internet-delivered-eating-disorder-prevention-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-dissonance-based-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions
#12
Taona P Chithambo, Stanley J Huey
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated two web-based programs for eating disorder prevention in high-risk, predominantly ethnic minority women. METHOD: Two hundred and seventy-one women with elevated weight concerns were randomized to Internet dissonance-based intervention (DBI-I), Internet cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBI-I), or no intervention (NI). Both interventions consisted of four weekly online sessions. Participants were assessed at pre- and post-intervention...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#13
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction (BID) and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771498/autonomy-connectedness-mediates-sex-differences-in-symptoms-of-psychopathology
#14
Marrie H J Bekker, Marcel A L M van Assen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine if autonomy-connectedness, capacity for self-governance under the condition of connectedness, would mediate sex differences in symptoms of various mental disorders (depression, anxiety, eating disorders, antisocial personality disorder). METHOD: Participants (N = 5,525) from a representative community sample in the Netherlands filled out questionnaires regarding the variables under study. RESULTS: Autonomy-connectedness (self-awareness, SA; sensitivity to others, SO; capacity for managing new situations, CMNS) fully mediated the sex differences in depression and anxiety, and partly in eating disorder -(drive for thinness, bulimia, and body dissatisfaction) and anti-social personality disorder characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767020/personality-and-its-relation-to-mental-and-psychosocial-health-in-emerging-adult-sexual-minority-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#15
Paul A D'Avanzo, Staci C Barton, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
Personality disorder and personality pathology encompass a dimension of psychological dysfunction known to severely impact multiple domains of functioning. However, there is a notable dearth of research regarding both the pervasiveness and correlates of personality pathology among young sexual minority males who themselves experience heightened mental health burdens. Using the self-report version of the Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale we tested associations between distinct personality characteristics with sociodemographic and psychosocial factors as well as mental health states in a sample of 528 young (aged 21-25 years) sexual minority men...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766259/male-body-dissatisfaction-scale-mbds-proposal-for-a-reduced-model
#16
Wanderson Roberto da Silva, João Marôco, Christopher N Ochner, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese university students; to present a reduced model of the scale; to compare two methods of computing global scores for participants' body dissatisfaction; and to estimate the prevalence of participants' body dissatisfaction. METHODS: A total of 932 male students participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the scale's psychometric properties...
August 1, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763717/regional-decrease-in-gray-matter-volume-is-related-to-body-dissatisfaction-in-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Kunihiro Kohmura, Yasunori Adachi, Satoshi Tanaka, Hiroto Katayama, Miho Imaeda, Naoko Kawano, Kazuo Nishioka, Masahiko Ando, Tetsuya Iidaka, Norio Ozaki
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorder, in which the prognosis for some patients is poor. The etiology and effective treatments for AN have not been established. We examined morphometric changes in the brain of AN and clarified how the changes were associated with symptoms and pathophysiology. We enrolled 52 participants: 7 with the restrictive type of AN, 13 with the binge-eating/purging type, 3 with eating disorder not otherwise specified, and 29 healthy controls. Participants underwent T1-weighted MRI...
September 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761371/dissatisfaction-with-own-body-makes-patients-with-eating-disorders-more-sensitive-to-pain
#18
Anna Yamamotova, Josef Bulant, Vaclav Bocek, Hana Papezova
Body image represents a multidimensional concept including body image evaluation and perception of body appearance. Disturbances of body image perception are considered to be one of the central aspects of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. There is growing evidence that body image distortion can be associated with changes in pain perception. The aim of our study was to examine the associations between body image perception, body dissatisfaction, and nociception in women with eating disorders and age-matched healthy control women...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757449/weight-loss-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-diabetes
#19
Linda M Delahanty
The American Diabetes Association nutrition and lifestyle recommendations for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes focus on losing 7% of body weight and increasing physical activity to at least 150minperweek. This emphasis is largely based on results of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) clinical trials. DPP demonstrated that a lifestyle intervention aimed at 7% weight loss and 150min of activity per week reduced diabetes incidence by 58% after 2.8years of follow-up and resulted in sustained improvements in hemoglobinA1c, blood pressure and lipid levels...
July 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755757/understanding-eating-disorders-within-internalizing-psychopathology-a-novel-transdiagnostic-hierarchical-dimensional-model
#20
Kelsie T Forbush, Kelsey E Hagan, Benjamin A Kite, Danielle A N Chapa, Brittany K Bohrer, Sara R Gould
BACKGROUND: Several problems with the classification and diagnosis of eating disorders (EDs) have been identified, including proliferation of 'other specified' diagnoses, within-disorder heterogeneity, and frequent diagnostic migration over time. Beyond problems within EDs, past research suggested that EDs fit better in a spectrum of internalizing psychopathology (characterized by mood and anxiety disorders) than in a separate diagnostic class. PURPOSE: To develop a transdiagnostic, hierarchical-dimensional model relevant to ED psychopathology that: 1) reduces diagnostic heterogeneity, 2) includes important dimensions of internalizing psychopathology that are often excluded from ED diagnostic models, and 3) predicts clinical impairment...
June 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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