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body dissatisfaction

Hiwa O Ahmed, Sarmad H Arif, Sabah Abid Abdulhakim, Aram Kakarash, Mohammad Amin Ali Omer, Aree Majid Nuri, Hallo H Omer, Hardi Kareem Jalal, Shahen H Omer, Nashadin Aziz Muhammad
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of morbid obesity suggests that the quantity of bariatric surgical procedures will continue to multiply each year, many patients who have experienced massive weight loss are left with the dissatisfying consequences of loose and redundant skin, resulting in contour irregularities, an aesthetic and functional problem, and profound dissatisfaction with appearance, residual body image dissatisfaction, There is a subsequent increase in the number of patients seeking additional corrective procedures including abdominoplasty which considered as one of the most popular body-contouring procedures...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Catherine Preston, H Henrik Ehrsson
Dissatisfaction with one's body is a widespread issue in modern society and has been linked to vulnerability for developing eating disorders. Recent studies have demonstrated a direct relationship between body perception and body satisfaction by manipulating perceived body size using multisensory body illusions. However, how these body size illusions influence implicit affective experience has not previously been examined. The current experiment used an established full-body ownership illusion paradigm to induce feelings of illusory obesity in male and female participants...
2018: PloS One
Camilla Matera, Amanda Nerini, Cristina Stefanile
The present research examined the roles of different forms of peer influence, internalization, social comparison, and body dissatisfaction in men's interest in cosmetic surgery. Participants were 204 Italian men (Mage  = 34.02, SD = 11.21). Regression analyses showed that appearance conversations with friends and peer attribution were associated with consideration of cosmetic surgery for social reasons, while teasing on muscularity (but not teasing on general body and shape) was linked to interest in cosmetic surgery for intrapersonal motives...
June 16, 2018: Body Image
Yael Latzer, Orna Tzischinsky, Zohar Spivak-Lavi, Irit Chen, Sarah Weinberger-Litman
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating pathology (DEP) and body dissatisfaction are well-documented risk factors for eating disorders and have become more prevalent among adolescent males. METHOD: The sample consisted of 256 Israeli boys, in grades 8-12. Participants completed questionnaires measuring, Sense of Coherence (SOC), Body Shape (BSQ), Eating attitudes (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2). RESULTS: Findings revealed low levels of DEP among adolescent boys...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Inbar Baumgarten-Katz, Lilac Lev-Ari, Ada H Zohar
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that women with an eating disorder are more insecurely attached than those without. Over-restrictive maternal feeding practices in childhood are associated with elevated BMI and more disordered eating in adult women. GOALS: The goal of the current study was to examine the extent to which the two insecure attachment styles contribute to women's body dissatisfaction indices and to examine their role in moderating the influence of restrictive maternal child feeding practices...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Margaux Verschueren, Laurence Claes, Annabel Bogaerts, Nina Palmeroni, Amarendra Gandhi, Philip Moons, Koen Luyckx
Introduction: Eating disorder symptomatology, comprising both psychological and behavioral aspects of subclinical eating concerns, constitutes a clear precursor of developing eating disorders. It is crucial to investigate its antecedents and correlates to subsequently inform eating disorder prevention programs. The present study focused on identity formation, a core developmental task in adolescence, that has increasingly been linked to eating disorder development. Our main aim was to examine the temporal sequence between eating disorder symptomatology and identity formation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick, Kim Spaccarotella, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
This cross-sectional, exploratory study aimed to (1) develop an obesity risk score using a comprehensive set of variables assessing mothers’ intrapersonal weight-related characteristics and those of their homes’ interpersonal and physical environments, and (2) determine how weight-related characteristics differ by obesity risk level. U.S. mothers ( N = 550) of preschool-aged children completed an online survey that assessed maternal self-report weight status, sociodemographics, health-related characteristics, and maternal intrapersonal and their homes’ interpersonal and physical environment weight-related characteristics...
June 17, 2018: Nutrients
Reut Agam-Bitton, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Moria Golan
BACKGROUND: Investigation of the optimal setting for body image prevention programmes is important to maximize the outcomes of such programmes. OBJECTIVES: We examined the preferred setting for a school-based wellness programme called "In Favour of Myself". METHODS: A total of 259 girls (mean 13.82±0.64 years) were divided into a girls-only intervention group, a mixed-gender intervention and a waiting list control group. The participants completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, post-intervention (2 months) and at follow-up (3 months) examining changes in self-esteem, media literacy, body image and risk factors for eating disorders...
2018: PloS One
Juliann B Purcell, Samantha R Winter, Caitlin M Breslin, Nicole C White, Michael R Lowe, H Branch Coslett
OBJECTIVES: A rich body of literature has established the role of body image distortion and dissatisfaction in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. However, many of the currently used techniques require explicit comparison of the person's body to an external stimulus. As the body schema is a largely unconscious construct, explicit comparison tasks may reflect a proxy, rather than the body schema itself. METHODS: Here we use an implicit mental motor imagery (MMI) task to interrogate the body schema in healthy control participants (N=40) and participants at a residential eating disorder treatment center (N=42)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
V Ivezaj, C M Grilo
Poor body image is common among individuals seeking bariatric surgery and is associated with adverse psychosocial sequelae. Following massive weight loss secondary to bariatric surgery, many individuals experience excess skin and associated concerns, leading to subsequent body contouring procedures. Little is known, however, about body image changes and associated features from pre-to post-bariatric surgery and subsequent body contouring. The objective of the present study was to conduct a comprehensive literature review of body image following bariatric surgery to help inform future clinical research and care...
June 13, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Helen Bould, Rebecca Carnegie, Heather Allward, Emily Bacon, Emily Lambe, Megan Sapseid, Katherine S Button, Glyn Lewis, Andy Skinner, Matthew R Broome, Rebecca Park, Catherine J Harmer, Ian S Penton-Voak, Marcus R Munafò
Body dissatisfaction is prevalent among women and associated with subsequent obesity and eating disorders. Exposure to images of bodies of different sizes has been suggested to change the perception of 'normal' body size in others. We tested whether exposure to different-sized (otherwise identical) bodies changes perception of own and others' body size, satisfaction with body size and amount of chocolate consumed. In Study 1, 90 18-25-year-old women with normal BMI were randomized into one of three groups to complete a 15 min two-back task using photographs of women either of 'normal weight' (Body Mass Index (BMI) 22-23 kg m-2 ), or altered to appear either under- or over-weight...
May 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Amanda B Bruening, Marisol Perez, Tara K Ohrt
OBJECTIVE: Research has highlighted a growing trend among young, adult women to initiate drug use for weight loss. With known suppressive effects on appetite, illicit stimulants (i.e., cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, and ecstasy) may be particularly attractive to college women, who are at elevated risk for increased body dissatisfaction and experimenting with extreme weight loss techniques. The current study examines the association between risk factors and symptomatology of eating disorders and illicit stimulant use (ISU)...
June 5, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Silvia Cerea, Gioia Bottesi, Jessica R Grisham, Marta Ghisi
Patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) are both characterized by body image disturbance and dissatisfaction; furthermore, these disorders share clinical features and frequently co-occur. However, few studies have explored the relation between AN and BDD. Therefore, the first aim of the study was assessing the prevalence of BDD and presence of non-weight-related body image concerns in patients with AN. Second, we were interested in comparing patients with AN and non-weight-related body image concerns, patients with weight-related body image concerns only, and a healthy control group with respect to several psychological and psychopathological features...
May 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Jessica F Saunders, Asia A Eaton
The current study aimed to integrate and test the sociocultural model of disordered eating with theories explaining the impact of mass media on the development of disordered eating for users of three popular social networking platforms. Young women social networking site (SNS) users (age 18-24) who had never received an eating disorder diagnosis (N = 637) completed questions capturing their SNS gratifications and usage, body surveillance, social comparisons, body dissatisfaction, and eating pathology. Measures were administered in one online session...
June 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Emily W Flanagan, Arlette C Perry
Body Dissatisfaction (BD) and low physical self-concept and exercise efficacy have been linked to poor physical fitness levels and adverse health outcomes in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between BD, physical fitness, exercise self-efficacy, and self-Perception of Physical Fitness (PFP) in Latina and Black female children. Twenty-eight Latina and Black children enrolled in an elementary afterschool program, aged 8⁻12, completed surveys evaluating body dissatisfaction, exercise efficacy, PFP, and measures of physical fitness...
June 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Valentina Ivezaj, Ashley A Wiedemann, Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: This study examined food addiction, assessed by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and associated features among a participant group of Spanish-speaking Latino/as residing in the United States. METHOD: Participants were 140 Spanish-speaking Latino/as (n = 77 female) who participated in an anonymous web-based survey. Mean age and body mass index (BMI) were 31.87 (SD = 9.12) years and 28.34 (SD = 7.14) kg/m2 , respectively. Participants completed a battery of established self-report measures assessing food addiction, binge-eating and eating-disorder psychopathology (Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire; EDE-Q), depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-2; PHQ-2), and mental and physical functioning (MOS Short Form Health Survey; SF-12)...
May 24, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Paula von Spreckelsen, Klaske A Glashouwer, Elise C Bennik, Ineke Wessel, Peter J de Jong
Consistent with the view that disgust might be involved in persistent body dissatisfaction, there is preliminary evidence showing a positive correlation between measures of negative body image and indices of both trait disgust and self-directed disgust. In two correlational studies among undergraduates (N = 577 and N = 346, respectively) we aimed at replicating and extending these findings by testing a series of critical relationships, which follow from our hypotheses that 1) trait disgust propensity would increase the risk of developing a negative body image by increasing the likelihood of feeling self-disgust, and 2) trait disgust sensitivity would heighten the impact of self-disgust on the development of persistent negative body appraisals...
2018: PloS One
Grace A Kennedy, Katherine A McDermott, Brittany M Mathes, Berta J Summers, Jesse R Cougle
"Not just right" experiences (NJREs) are uncomfortable sensations of incompleteness linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder; however, NJREs may be transdiagnostic and play a role in eating pathology. The current study examined relations between NJREs and eating pathology in undergraduate students. Participants (n = 248) completed self-report and behavioral assessments. Controlling for obsessive-compulsive symptoms, negative affect, and perfectionism, NJRE frequency was associated with greater drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms...
June 4, 2018: Eating Disorders
Christelle Prost-Lehmann, Rebecca Shankland, Lionel Riou França, Annie Laurent, Valentin Flaudias
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious psychiatric disorder associated with the highest mortality rate. Body dissatisfaction (BD) is now considered as an important risk factor for AN onset and relapse. Recent results lead to the hypothesis according to which AN and drive for thinness (DT) are related to body dissatisfaction. The primary aim of this current study was to identify whether DT mediated the relationship between BD and AN symptoms several years after hospitalization. As a secondary aim, self-reported Body Shape Questionnaire, Eating Attitude Test, Eating Disorder Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory scores were compared between the 48 women with a history of severe AN and 73 matched controls...
May 17, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Rosana Maria Resende Lacerda, Christiane Ramos Castanha, Alessandra Ramos Castanha, Josemberg Marins Campos, Álvaro Antônio Bandeira Ferraz, Lucio Vilar
OBJECTIVE: to investigate changes in body image perception in patients undergoing bariatric surgery, evaluating the accuracy/inaccuracy in body size estimation and satisfaction/dissatisfaction with own body after surgery. METHODS: we performed a survey at the General Surgery outpatient clinic of the Clinics Hospital of the Federal University of Pernambuco. Thirty-six patients aged 18 years and older undergoing bariatric surgery participated. We carried out cross-sectional and quantitative studies using the Silhouetted Figures Scale...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
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