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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436086/male-clinical-norms-and-sex-differences-on-the-eating-disorder-inventory-edi-and-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q
#1
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Jason M Lavender
OBJECTIVE: Evidence indicates that males account for a significant minority of patients with eating disorders (EDs). However, prior research has been limited by inclusion of small and predominantly non-clinical samples of males. This study aimed to (1) provide male clinical norms for widely used ED measures (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire [EDE-Q] and Eating Disorder Inventory-3 [EDI-3]) and (2) examine sex differences in overall ED psychopathology. METHOD: Participants were 386 male and 1,487 female patients with an ED diagnosis aged 16 years and older who completed the EDE-Q and EDI-3 upon admission to a residential or partial hospital ED treatment program...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434008/impact-of-weight-related-discrimination-body-dissatisfaction-and-self-stigma-on-the-desire-to-weigh-less
#2
Franziska Jung, Jenny Spahlholz, Anja Hilbert, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
AIM: Currently, health care professionals plead for stabilization of weight and improving health conditions rather than focusing on weight loss only. Individuals with obesity have been shown to report weight loss goals that are much higher than what has been suggested by guidelines. The aim was to determine whether weight discrimination and body dissatisfaction have an impact on how much weight an individual with obesity wants to lose. METHODS: In this representative telephone survey, 878 participants with obesity were asked about their experiences with weight stigma, their body image concerns, and about the amount of weight they would like to weigh using random digital dialing and Kish selection grid to ensure random selection of participants...
April 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433993/determinants-of-perceived-stress-in-individuals-with-obesity-exploring-the-relationship-of-potentially-obesity-related-factors-and-perceived-stress
#3
Florian Junne, Katrin Ziser, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Kathrin Schag, Eva Skoda, Isabelle Mack, Andreas Niess, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
OBJECTIVE: Associations of specific types of stress with increased food intake and subsequent weight gain have been demonstrated in animal models as well as in experimental and epidemiological studies on humans. This study explores the research question of to what extent potentially obesity-related factors determine perceived stress in individuals with obesity. METHODS: N = 547 individuals with obesity participated in a cross-sectional study assessing perceived stress as the outcome variable and potential determinants of stress related to obesity...
April 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432966/risk-for-eating-disorders-modulates-interpretation-bias-in-a-semantic-priming-task
#4
Kaylee Misener, Maya Libben
The current study used a semantic priming paradigm to investigate the presence of implicit interpretation biases for food and body shape words among 118 undergraduate females. Reaction times (RTs) were recorded while participants made lexical decisions (i.e., word vs. non-word judgments) to lexical targets that were preceded by negatively valenced eating disorder related (e.g., fat-PIZZA), eating disorder unrelated (e.g., party-PIZZA), or semantically unrelated (e.g., umbrella-PIZZA) prime words. Self-reported eating disorder traits were assessed using the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE-Q 6...
April 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426891/experiences-of-nurses-with-the-care-of-patients-with-dementia-in-acute-hospitals-a-secondary-analysis
#5
Christiane Pinkert, Eva Faul, Susi Saxer, Melanie Burgstaller, Doris Kamleitner, Hanna Mayer
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to describe nurses' experiences in caring for people with dementia (PwD) in acute hospital settings. BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that nurses' experience in caring for PwD in acute hospitals is characterized by frustration, overall job dissatisfaction and feelings of powerlessness and guilt. Despite a growing body of knowledge concerning the care of PwD in acute care settings, it remains unclear how nurses in acute hospitals provide care for PwD and what general conditions characterize the nursing care provided to these patients...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421901/bmi-at-early-puerperium-body-image-eating-attitudes-and-mood-states
#6
Carmela Mento, Maria Le Donne, Sabrina Crisafulli, Amelia Rizzo, Salvatore Settineri
The present study was aimed to verify if body weight could influence self-perception, in terms of body image, mood states, dissatisfaction with physical appearance and risk of eating disorders. In particular, we evaluated the differences between women of normal weight vs. overweight and obese during the delicate phase of puerperium to verify if there were different emotional structures, linked to BMI. Thirty-two women, 16 normal-weight and 16 overweight or obese, belonging to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the University Hospital, were individually interviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419648/the-role-of-body-image-dissatisfaction-in-the-association-between-treatment-related-scarring-or-disfigurement-and-psychological-distress-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#7
Stefanie C Vuotto, Rohit P Ojha, Chenghong Li, Cara Kimberg, James L Klosky, Kevin R Krull, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Tara M Brinkman
PURPOSE: To examine the potential mediating role of body image dissatisfaction on the association between treatment-related scarring/disfigurement and psychological distress in adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Participants included 1,714 adult survivors of childhood cancer (mean[SD] age at evaluation = 32.4[8.0] years, time since diagnosis = 24.1[8.1] years) enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study. Survivors completed measures of body image, emotional distress and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)...
April 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417253/body-image-and-condomless-anal-sex-among-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv
#8
Shadi Gholizadeh, Benjamin M Rooney, Erin L Merz, Vanessa L Malcarne, Steven A Safren, Aaron J Blashill
The interaction of body dissatisfaction and appearance investment (importance and effort ascribed to appearance) in relation to condomless anal sex has not previously been examined. Body dissatisfaction in the context of varying degrees of appearance investment may yield divergent sexual risk outcomes. Sexual minority men living with HIV (N = 105) completed a battery of self-report measures. A generalized linear model identified a significant interaction [b = 0.08 (95% CI 0.01, 0.16), p = 0.033] such that when appearance investment was low, body dissatisfaction was associated with fewer condomless anal sex acts; when appearance investment was high, body dissatisfaction was associated with increased condomless anal sex...
April 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404477/perceptions-and-attitudes-about-body-weight-and-adherence-to-the-physical-activity-recommendation-among-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-body-mass-index
#9
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, H A Hamilton, J Willmore, J-P Chaput
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations between perceptions and attitudes about body weight and adherence to the physical activity recommendation (PAR) for adolescents to achieve ≥60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and tested whether body mass index (BMI) was a moderator of these relationships. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Self-reported data from Canadian adolescents (n = 4299) who participated in the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey were analysed...
February 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404476/body-size-ideals-and-dissatisfaction-in-ghanaian-adolescents-role-of-media-lifestyle-and-well-being
#10
N Michels, S D Amenyah
OBJECTIVES: To inspire effective health promotion campaigns, we tested the relationship of ideal body size and body size dissatisfaction with (1) the potential resulting health-influencing factors diet, physical activity and well-being; and (2) with media as a potential influencer of body ideals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study in 370 Ghanaian adolescents (aged 11-18 years). METHODS: Questionnaires included disordered eating (EAT26), diet quality (FFQ), physical activity (IPAQ), well-being (KINDL) and media influence on appearance (SATAQ: pressure, internalisation and information)...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392918/body-dissatisfaction-excessive-exercise-and-weight-change-strategies-used-by-first-year-undergraduate-students-comparing-health-and-physical-education-and-other-education-students
#11
Zali Yager, Tonia Gray, Christina Curry, Siân A McLean
BACKGROUND: Health and Physical Education (HPE) teachers are known to be under social-, personal-, and employment-related pressure to be and appear physically fit, and to use dangerous dieting and weight control practices. This is problematic due to the influence this may have on their own health and the potential to model these attitudes and behaviours to their future students. METHODS: In this paper, we compare the body image, dieting, disordered eating, and exercise behaviours of first year, HPE, and non-HPE, teacher education students...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389062/sex-differences-in-quality-of-life-impairment-associated-with-body-dissatisfaction-in-adolescents
#12
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Caroline Bentley, Kassandra Gratwick-Sarll, Carmel Harrison, Jonathan M Mond
PURPOSE: Body dissatisfaction is strongly associated with quality of life impairment among both male and female adults, and the strength of this relationship is comparable between the sexes. Whether this is the case among adolescents, however, is unclear. METHODS: Adolescent girls (n = 1,135) and boys (n = 531) aged 12-18 years were recruited from secondary schools located in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Students completed a survey that included measures of body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, and psychosocial health- and physical health-related quality of life...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385116/gender-differences-in-subjective-health-complaints-in-adolescence-the-roles-of-self-esteem-stress-from-schoolwork-and-body-dissatisfaction
#13
Fiona Aanesen, Eivind Meland, Steffen Torp
AIMS: The aims of this study were to examine subjective health complaints among Norwegian adolescents and assess the development of gender differences in subjective health complaints between age 14 and 16; to investigate whether self-esteem, stress from schoolwork or body dissatisfaction affected adolescents' subjective health complaints; and determine whether these factors could explain the excess of subjective health complaints among girls. METHODS: We used multiple linear regression analyses to analyse longitudinal survey data from 751 Norwegian adolescents at the ages of 14 and 16...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378092/appearance-dissatisfaction-body-appreciation-and-sexual-health-in-women-across-adulthood
#14
Anne-Rose Robbins, Elke D Reissing
Risk and protective factors are equally important to the promotion of sexual health. Yet, in body image and sexuality research, most of the focus has been placed on the deleterious effects of appearance dissatisfaction and body mass index (BMI) at the expense of more adaptive dimensions. Furthermore, although age can affect appearance and sexual function, little is known regarding the experience of older women. Therefore, this study was aimed at comparing how positive body image (operationalized as body appreciation) and negative body image (operationalized as appearance dissatisfaction) each contribute to indicators of sexual health when controlling for BMI in a sample of age-varied women...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372483/test-retest-reliability-of-common-measures-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-men-versus-women
#15
Kelsie T Forbush, Lindsay A Hilderbrand, Brittany K Bohrer, Danielle A N Chapa
Approximately 10% to 30% of individuals with eating disorders (EDs) are male, yet because measures often have not been tested among male participants, it is unclear whether the psychometric properties of ED measures are equivalent between sexes. The purpose of this study was to compare the test-retest reliability of common ED measures in men versus women. Participants ( N = 227; 58.1% female) completed self-report measures of body dissatisfaction, restrained eating, disinhibited eating, bulimic symptoms, and desire-for-muscularity at baseline and 2-to-4 weeks later...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370435/measurement-invariance-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-in-black-and-white-children-and-adolescents
#16
Natasha L Burke, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Ross Crosby, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Miranda M Broadney, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Omni Cassidy, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: The Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) was originally developed and validated in primarily white female samples. Since data indicate that eating pathology impacts black youth, elucidating the psychometric appropriateness of the EDE for black youth is crucial. METHODS: A convenience sample was assembled from seven pediatric obesity studies. The EDE was administered to all youth. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to examine the original four-factor model fit and two alternative factor structures for black and white youth...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368143/gender-confirming-medical-interventions-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-among-transgender-individuals
#17
Rylan J Testa, G Nicole Rider, Nancy A Haug, Kimberly F Balsam
OBJECTIVE: Studies indicate that transgender individuals may be at risk of developing eating disorder symptoms (EDS). Elevated risk may be attributed to body dissatisfaction and/or societal reactions to nonconforming gender expression, such as nonaffirmation of a person's gender identity (e.g., using incorrect pronouns). Limited research suggests that gender-confirming medical interventions (GCMIs) may prevent or reduce EDS among transgender people. METHOD: Participants included 154 transfeminine spectrum (TFS) and 288 transmasculine spectrum (TMS) individuals who completed the Trans Health Survey...
April 3, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366669/sexual-life-after-weight-loss-surgery
#18
Alexis Conason, Kimberly J McClure Brenchley, Andrea Pratt, Allan Geliebter
BACKGROUND: Previous research revealed a relationship between higher body mass index (BMI) and lower sexual functioning. However, the role of psychosocial variables, such as body image, in this relationship has been understudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess sexual life before and after weight loss surgery (WLS) and examine the role of body image and BMI in these changes. SETTING: WLS center at a major urban community hospital. METHODS: 327 participants (275 women and 52 men) who underwent either laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (n = 225) or laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (n = 102) were assessed on measures of sexual life preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery...
January 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359110/influence-of-body-image-in-women-undergoing-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#19
Ana Carolina Lagos Prates, Ruffo Freitas-Junior, Mariana Ferreira Oliveira Prates, Márcia de Faria Veloso, Norami de Moura Barros
Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the self-esteem of women with and without breast cancer regarding their body image. Methods A quantitative, case-control study in which 90 women with breast cancer were evaluated in the case group, and 77 women without breast cancer in the control group. For data collection, the body satisfaction scale (BSS), a scale adapted and validated in Brazil, and the Rosenberg self-esteem questionnaire were used. For the statistical analysis of the data, the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (IBM-SPSS, Chicago, Il, US), version 16...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357782/psychological-characteristics-of-italian-gender-dysphoric-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#20
A D Fisher, J Ristori, G Castellini, C Sensi, E Cassioli, A Prunas, M Mosconi, R Vitelli, D Dèttore, V Ricca, M Maggi
PURPOSE: Gender dysphoria (GD) is associated with clinically significant distress and impairment in social, scholastic, and other important areas of functioning, especially when early onset is reported. The aim of the present study is to assess the psychopathological features associated with GD in adolescence, comparing a group of gender dysphoric adolescents (GDs) with a group of non-referred adolescents (NRs), in terms of body uneasiness, suicide risk, psychological functioning, and intensity of GD...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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