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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646479/negative-body-attitudes-and-sexual-dissatisfaction-in-men-the-mediating-role-of-body-self-consciousness-during-physical-intimacy
#1
Femke van den Brink, Manja Vollmann, Lot C Sternheim, Lotte J Berkhout, Renée A Zomerdijk, Liesbeth Woertman
Previous research indicated that negative attitudes about the body and appearance are common among men and demonstrated that negative body attitudes are associated with negative sexual experiences. The present study investigated the association between body attitudes and sexual dissatisfaction and the mediating role of body self-consciousness during physical intimacy. In a cross-sectional design, 201 Dutch men completed an online survey regarding body attitudes toward muscularity, body fat, height, and genitals, body self-consciousness during physical intimacy, and sexual dissatisfaction...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633778/results-of-hemicap-%C3%A2-implantation-as-a-salvage-procedure-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#2
Sarah Ettinger, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Hazibullah Waizy, Christoph Becher, Daiwei Yao, Leif Claassen, Yvonne Noll, Christian Plaass
Osteochondral defects (OCDs) of the talus remain a surgical challenge, especially after failed primary treatment. The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical outcomes after HemiCAP(®) implantation for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. Our retrospective study included 11 patients, who had undergone surgery from June 2009 to September 2012 for an OCD of the medial talar dome and received a HemiCAP(®) on the talus after failed previous surgery for OCD. The data were acquired using patients' medical records and standardized questionnaires, including the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score, EQ-5D, numerical rating scale (NRS), and Short-Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632495/sad-and-lonely-body-dissatisfaction-among-adolescent-girls
#3
Renata Forste, Marina Potter, Lance Erickson
Purpose To further understand the association between body dissatisfaction and sadness/loneliness among adolescent girls, we examine how this association, as reported by pre-teen and adolescent girls, is mediated or moderated by the quality of peer and family relationships. Methods Our data are from the Health Behavior of School-Aged Children 2009-2010, a nationally representative survey of school-aged children in the US. We analyze a sample of 5658 girls in Grades 5 through 10. We utilize ordinary least squares (OLS) regression techniques and adjust for the complex sampling design...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603420/development-of-a-body-image-concern-scale-using-both-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses-in-chinese-university-students
#4
Wenxin He, Qiming Zheng, Yutian Ji, Chanchan Shen, Qisha Zhu, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: The body dysmorphic disorder is prevalent in general population and in psychiatric, dermatological, and plastic-surgery patients, but there lacks a structure-validated, comprehensive self-report measure of body image concerns, which is established through both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. METHODS: We have composed a 34-item matrix targeting the body image concerns and trialed it in 328 male and 365 female Chinese university students...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598025/a-diary-study-of-self-compassion-upward-social-comparisons-and-body-image-related-outcomes
#5
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Louisa Dodos, Nikos Chatzisarantis, Nikos Ntoumanis
BACKGROUND: Self-compassion may protect individuals experiencing poor body image and associated maladaptive outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine within-person associations (whilst controlling for between-person differences) between appearance-related self-compassion, appearance-related threats (operationalised as upward appearance comparisons), and body image-related variables, namely, social physique anxiety, drive for thinness, and body dissatisfaction. METHODS: A diary methodology was used whereby young women (n = 126; Mage = 21...
June 9, 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597360/diabetes-eating-disorders-and-body-image-in-young-adults-an-exploratory-study-about-diabulimia
#6
Maria Ana Falcão, Rita Francisco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare disordered eating (DE) and body image dissatisfaction (BID) among young adults with type 1 diabetes and their peers without diabetes, to investigate the consequences of diabetes for food, body image and weight in individuals with diabetes and to identify the behavior of insulin omission as a weight loss strategy. METHODS: Fifty-five young adults with diabetes and 73 without diabetes (ages 18-30) completed self-report questionnaires to evaluate their behaviors, attitudes and feelings related to eating disorders and their perceptions about body image...
June 8, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597337/brain-reward-responses-to-food-stimuli-among-female-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-bmi
#7
Stieneke Doornweerd, Eco J De Geus, Frederik Barkhof, Liselotte Van Bloemendaal, Dorret I Boomsma, Jenny Van Dongen, Madeleine L Drent, Gonneke Willemsen, Dick J Veltman, Richard G IJzerman
Obese individuals are characterized by altered brain reward responses to food. Despite the latest discovery of obesity-associated genes, the contribution of environmental and genetic factors to brain reward responsiveness to food remains largely unclear. Sixteen female monozygotic twin pairs with a mean BMI discordance of 3.96 ± 2.1 kg/m(2) were selected from the Netherlands Twin Register to undergo functional MRI scanning while watching high- and low-calorie food and non-food pictures and during the anticipation and receipt of chocolate milk...
June 8, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596750/self-concept-in-childhood-the-role-of-body-image-and-sport-practice
#8
Santiago Mendo-Lázaro, María I Polo-Del-Río, Diana Amado-Alonso, Damián Iglesias-Gallego, Benito León-Del-Barco
The purpose of this study was to explore the differences in satisfaction with body image depending on whether the subject practices organized sport or not, as well as the gender of the children. In addition, the study aims to examine the role of body image and the practice of organized sport on the process of building the academic, social, emotional, family and physical dimensions of self-concept in childhood. To do so, a sample of 944 pupils was used. These children were attending primary school in different centers of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura (Spain) and were between 9 and 12 years of age...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586392/desire-for-a-child-and-eating-disorders-in-women-seeking-infertility-treatment
#9
Mélanie Bruneau, Agnès Colombel, Sophie Mirallié, Thomas Fréour, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Paul Barrière, Marie Grall-Bronnec
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of EDs in women seeking treatment for infertility, and to better characterize their clinical profile. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty participants completed self-report measures that assessed EDs, desire for a child, body preoccupations, quality of life, anxiety and depression. RESULTS: Ten patients (17%) met criteria for a past or current ED. We showed a significant association between greater body dissatisfaction and a more ambivalent desire for a child...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580680/different-drinking-motives-different-adverse-consequences-evidence-among-adolescents-from-10-european-countries
#10
Matthias Wicki, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Yvonne Eichenberger, Katrin Aasvee, Pernille Bendtsen, Zuzana Dankulincová Veselská, Zsolt Demetrovics, Anna Dzielska, Judit Farkas, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Chris Roberts, Jorma Tynjälä, Raili Välimaa, Alessio Vieno
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: This study, which builds on previous research demonstrating that drinking motives are associated with adverse consequences, investigates the associations between drinking motives and non-alcohol-attributed adverse consequences and disentangles alcohol-related and direct effects. DESIGN AND METHOD: On the basis of a sample of 22 841 alcohol-using 13- to 16-year-olds (50.6% female) from Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Portugal, Scotland, Slovakia, Switzerland and Wales, structural equation models were used to estimate direct and indirect effects...
June 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580141/factor-analysis-of-the-adolescent-version-of-the-eating-disorders-examination-questionnaire-ede-q-results-from-swedish-general-population-and-clinical-samples
#11
Emma Forsén Mantilla, Andreas Birgegård, David Clinton
BACKGROUND: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is perhaps the single most widely used self-report measure of eating disorder (ED) symptoms, important questions remain about its validity and applicability in relation to particular groups of individuals, especially adolescents of both genders. METHODS: The present study investigated the factor structure of the adolescent version of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) in samples of Swedish girls and boys from the general population and girls with a diagnosed eating disorder...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575297/prognostic-factors-for-satisfaction-after-decompression-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#12
Rune Tendal Paulsen, Jamal Bech Bouknaitir, Søren Fruensgaard, Leah Carreon, Mikkel Andersen
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis is associated with both short- and long-term benefits with improvements in patient function and pain. Even though most patients are satisfied postoperatively, some studies report that up to one-third of patients are dissatisfied. OBJECTIVE: To present clinical outcome data and identify prognostic factors related to patient satisfaction 1 yr after posterior decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis...
June 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574762/body-image-eating-attitudes-and-breastfeeding-intention-implications-for-mental-health-and-maternal-child-nurses
#13
Karen Mancini
Body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating are often overlooked as personal factors that may affect pregnancy, postpartum, and infant feeding method. The current study compared body image, eating attitudes, and breastfeeding intention of first-time breastfeeding mothers to first-time non-breastfeeding mothers. A two-group, comparative design was used to analyze data for first-time mothers recruited through a large pediatric practice with multiple offices. Although there was no significant difference in body image scores between the groups, the literature suggests that body image dissatisfaction can affect the transition to motherhood and lead to more serious mental health issues...
June 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570920/body-dissatisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-brazilian-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Ana Carolina Soares Amaral, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
We conducted a longitudinal investigation of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls, in order to evaluate the influence of biological, psychological, and sociocultural predictors for body dissatisfaction, and its association with eating disorder symptoms. Validated self-administered scales were selected, thereby assessing the various aspects of body image, symptoms of eating disorders, depression, and self-esteem. Four hundred and ninety-eight adolescents (236 girls) participated in the study. Most of the evaluated outcomes remained stable for over a year...
May 29, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559745/cross-sectional-examination-of-the-association-between-shift-length-and-hospital-nurses-job-satisfaction-and-nurse-reported-quality-measures
#15
Jane Ball, Tina Day, Trevor Murrells, Chiara Dall'Ora, Anne Marie Rafferty, Peter Griffiths, Jill Maben
BACKGROUND: Twenty-four hour nursing care involves shift work including 12-h shifts. England is unusual in deploying a mix of shift patterns. International evidence on the effects of such shifts is growing. A secondary analysis of data collected in England exploring outcomes with 12-h shifts examined the association between shift length, job satisfaction, scheduling flexibility, care quality, patient safety, and care left undone. METHODS: Data were collected from a questionnaire survey of nurses in a sample of English hospitals, conducted as part of the RN4CAST study, an EU 7(th) Framework funded study...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556397/body-image-models-among-low-income-african-american-mothers-and-daughters-in-the-southeast-united-states
#16
Martina Thomas, Jason A DeCaro
Obesity among low-income African American women has been studied using the concepts of both satisfaction and acceptance. The satisfaction frame suggests greater satisfaction with their bodies than their white counterparts, irrespective of size. The acceptance frame suggests that alternative aesthetics serve as resistance against intersectional marginalization. Yet, while these women accept their body size in defiance of thinness ideals, they may not be satisfied. We describe cultural models of body image among mothers and daughters in Alabama...
May 29, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554090/should-women-be-all-about-that-bass-diverse-body-ideal-messages-and-women-s-body-image
#17
Diana E Betz, Laura R Ramsey
While most body image research emphasizes the thin ideal, a wider variety of body-ideal messages pervade U.S. popular culture today, including those promoting athleticism or curves. Two studies assessed women's reactions to messages conveying thin, athletic, and curvy ideals, compared to a control message that emphasized accepting all body types. Study 1 (N=192) surveyed women's responses to these messages and found they perceived body-acceptance and athletic messages most favorably, curvy messages more negatively, and thin messages most negatively...
May 26, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551201/multifactorial-analysis-of-dissatisfaction-after-primary-total-knee-replacement
#18
Kunal Dhurve, Corey Scholes, Sherif El-Tawil, Aseem Shaikh, Lai Kah Weng, Kumbelin Levin, Brett Fritsch, David Parker, Myles Coolican
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to identify the prevalence and causes of dissatisfaction in a cohort of private practice patients, and to compare the psychological characteristics of dissatisfied patients to matched, satisfied controls. METHODS: Unilateral TKR patients were evaluated to identify those dissatisfied with their TKR. Dissatisfied and satisfied patients were matched in terms of age, gender, follow-up duration and body mass index (BMI). Psychological evaluation was performed using the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) scale...
May 24, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549156/early-subjective-sensory-experiences-with-cigalike-e-cigarettes-among-african-american-menthol-smokers-a-qualitative-study
#19
Sabrina L Smiley, Teresa DeAtley, Leslie F Rubin, Emily Harvey, Elexis C Kierstead, Monica Webb Hooper, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Jennifer L Pearson
Introduction: Despite smoker interest in e-cigarettes as a harm reduction or cessation aid, many smokers prematurely discontinue vaping after trying a product. This study explored the role of early subjective sensory experience in vaping persistence and desistence. Methods: African American menthol cigarette smokers aged ≥18 years (n=15; M=54.1 years; SD=8.2), motivated to quit smoking, and interested in trying e-cigarettes were recruited in Washington, D.C. Participants were followed for three weeks and provided menthol cigalike e-cigarettes after week one...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542431/the-mediating-role-of-rumination-in-the-relation-between-attentional-bias-towards-thin-female-bodies-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#20
Laura Dondzilo, Elizabeth Rieger, Romina Palermo, Susan Byrne, Jason Bell
The present study sought to investigate the association between selective attentional processing of body images, rumination, and eating disorder symptoms in young women. Seventy-three undergraduate female students (ages 17-24) completed a modified dot-probe task to assess whether young women showed a differential attentional bias pattern towards thin and non-thin female bodies. Participants also completed self-report measures of eating disorder pathology. It was found that increased reports of dietary restraint and body dissatisfaction were associated with both greater attentional bias towards thin bodies and avoidance of non-thin bodies (as compared to neutral images), although the former relationship was stronger than the latter...
2017: PloS One
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