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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778210/rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-cross-protection-and-comparative-pathogenicity-of-gi-2-rhdv2-b-and-gi-1b-rhdv-lagoviruses-in-a-challenge-trial
#1
Carlos Calvete, Manuel Mendoza, Ana Alcaraz, María P Sarto, María P Jiménez-de-Bagüéss, Antonio J Calvo, Fernando Monroy, Jorge H Calvo
European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) are severely affected by rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD). Caused by a lagovirus, the disease leads to losses in the rabbit industry and has implications for wildlife conservation. Past RHD outbreaks have been caused by GI.1/RHDV genotype viruses. A new virus belonging to the GI.2/RHDV2/b genotype emerged in 2010, quickly spreading and replacing the former in several countries; however, limited data are available on its pathogenicity and epidemiological factors. The present work extends these issues and evaluates cross-protection between both genotypes...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747428/a-new-alien-invasive-longhorn-beetle-xylotrechus-chinensis-cerambycidae-is-infesting-mulberries-in-catalonia-spain
#2
Víctor Sarto I Monteys, Glòria Torras I Tutusaus
In this paper, the invasion of a new alien beetle species to Europe, the longhorn Xylotrechus chinensis (Chevrolat) (Cerambycidae), originating from East Asia, is revealed. It has settled in Catalonia (Spain), occupying at present an area of at least 44.1 km², where it has been shown to severely infest (ca. 10 to 45%) and eventually kill mulberry trees in private and public grounds. The main objective of this study was to evaluate its impact and provide new significant insights into its life history, seasonality, reproductive capacity (females produce an average of 83...
May 9, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728734/incidence-predictive-factors-management-and-survival-impact-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#3
Marc Sorigue, Francisco Gual-Capllonch, Olga Garcia, Edurne Sarrate, Mireia Franch-Sarto, Gladys Ibarra, Javier Grau, Elisa Orna, Josep-Maria Ribera, Juan-Manuel Sancho
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and cancer are common disorders in the general population but there are few studies in patients with both diseases. More specifically, there are scarce data on AF in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We assessed the incidence, predictive factors, management, and survival impact of AF in a cohort of patients with NHL from a single institution between 2002 and 2016 (n = 747). Twenty-three patients were diagnosed with AF before and 40 after the diagnosis of NHL (of the later, 16 were secondary to an extracardiac comorbidity and 24 unrelated to any triggering event [primary AF])...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727310/rectal-culture-and-sensitivity-analysis-for-reducing-sepsis-risk-after-fiducial-marker-placement
#4
William M Mendenhall, Gail Sarto, Curtis M Bryant, Christopher G Morris, Christopher R Williams, Joseph A Costa, Mark Bandyk, Bradford S Hoppe, Randal H Henderson, R Charles Nichols, Nancy P Mendenhall
PURPOSE: Placement of fiducial markers for prostate radiotherapy (RT) is associated with a 2% to 3% risk of bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI) that may progress to sepsis necessitating hospitalization. These bacterial UTIs are primarily due to flouroquinolone (FQ) resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli). The incidence of this complication has increased in recent years. The purpose of this study is to determine whether rectal culture and sensitivity (C&S) to identify FQ resistant E...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679385/genus-level-identification-of-dermatophytes-by-maldi-tof-ms-after-two-days-of-colony-growth
#5
Jari Intra, Cecilia Sarto, Natalia Tiberti, Silvia Besana, Cinzia Savarino, Paolo Brambilla
Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is becoming a popular technology in clinical microbiology. It is a fast and highly specific method for the routine identification of microorganisms. In this study, we evaluated the suitability of dermatophyte identification after only two days of colony growth using MALDI-TOF MS. Two protein extraction protocols were also evaluated consisting of either formic acid alone or of ethanol-formic acid-acetonitrile to achieve a complete protein extraction...
April 21, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617712/oral-bisphosphonate-use-and-lung-cancer-incidence-among-postmenopausal-women
#6
M H Tao, S Chen, J L Freudenheim, J A Cauley, K C Johnson, X Mai, G E Sarto, H Wakelee, P Boffetta, J Wactawski-Wende
Background: Bisphosphonates are common medications for the treatment of osteoporosis in older populations. Several studies, including the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), have found inverse associations of bisphosphonate use with risk of breast and endometrial cancer, but little is known about its association with other common malignancies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of bisphosphonate use on the incidence of lung cancer in the WHI. Patients and methods: The association between oral bisphosphonate use and lung cancer risk was examined in 151,432 postmenopausal women enrolled into the WHI in 1993-1998...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520624/maternal-soybean-diet-during-lactation-alters-breast-milk-composition-and-programs-the-lipid-profile-in-adult-male-rat-offspring
#7
Adriana Moura Vieira, Poliana Guiomar de Almeida Brasiel, Maíra Schuchter Ferreira, Kacia Mateus, Mariana Sarto Figueiredo, Patrícia Cristina Lisboa, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, José Otavio do Amaral Corrêa, Fernando Cesar Ferraz Lopes, Paulo Henrique Fonseca da Silva, Céphora Maria Sabarense, Sheila Cristina Potente Luquetti Dutra, Aline Silva de Aguiar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of maternal dietary soybean during lactation on the milk composition, body composition, lipid profile and glucose homeostasis of dams and offspring at weaning (21 days) and adulthood (150 days). METHODS: Lactating rats were divided into: casein control (C): casein diet; soy (S): soybean diet; soy oil control (SOC): casein diet, but with fat content similar to the S group. RESULTS: At 21 days, S mothers showed lower estradiol, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides (TG) in serum; and lower TC and TG in milk...
May 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514438/characterization-of-tifton-85-bermudagrass-haylage-with-different-layers-of-polyethylene-film-and-storage-time
#8
Caroline Daiane Nath, Marcela Abbado Neres, Kácia Carine Scheidt, Luciano Dos Santos Bersot, Samantha Mariana Monteiro Sunahara, Jaqueline Rocha Wobeto Sarto, José Renato Stangarlin, Simone Damasceno Gomes, Mallu Jagnow Sereno, Ana Paula Perin
Objective: The objective was to characterize the fermentative and microbiological profile of Tifton 85 bermudagrass haylage with different layers of polyethylene film and storage time. Methods: The experimental design consisted of a randomized block design with four and six wrapping layers (100 and 150 microns in total. respectively) allocated in the main plots, through repeated measures analysis (30, 60, and 90 days of storage) with four replicates. Results: The storage time and number of wrapping layers did not show changes in the population of Clostridium and lactic acid bacteria...
March 2, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507858/renal-function-and-physical-fitness-after-12-mo-supervised-training-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#9
Giulio Sergio Roi, Giovanni Mosconi, Valentina Totti, Maria Laura Angelini, Erica Brugin, Patrizio Sarto, Laura Merlo, Sergio Sgarzi, Michele Stancari, Paola Todeschini, Gaetano La Manna, Andrea Ermolao, Ferdinando Tripi, Lucia Andreoli, Gianluigi Sella, Alberto Anedda, Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti, Rocco Di Michele, Franco Merni, Manuela Trerotola, Daniela Storani, Alessandro Nanni Costa
AIM: To evaluate the effect of a 12-mo supervised aerobic and resistance training, on renal function and exercise capacity compared to usual care recommendations. METHODS: Ninety-nine kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) were assigned to interventional exercise (Group A; n = 52) and a usual care cohort (Group B; n = 47). Blood and urine chemistry, exercise capacity, muscular strength, anthropometric measures and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) were assessed at baseline, and after 6 and 12 mo...
February 24, 2018: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475126/snp-rs403212791-in-exon-2-of-the-mtnr1a-gene-is-associated-with-reproductive-seasonality-in-the-rasa-aragonesa-sheep-breed
#10
J H Calvo, M Serrano, A Martinez-Royo, B Lahoz, P Sarto, A Ibañez-Deler, J Folch, J L Alabart
The aim of this study was to characterize and identify causative SNPs in the MTNR1A gene responsible for the reproductive seasonality traits in the Rasa aragonesa sheep breed. A total of 290 ewes (155, 84 and 51 mature, young and ewe lambs, respectively) from one flock were controlled from January to August. The following three reproductive seasonality traits were considered: the total days of anoestrus (TDA) and the progesterone cycling months (P4CM); both ovarian function seasonality traits based on blood progesterone levels; and the oestrus cycling months (OCM) based on oestrous detection, which indicate behavioural signs of oestrous...
June 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459111/a-trial-of-two-anesthetic-regimes-for-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-repair
#11
Marco Moscarelli, Nora Terrasini, Anna Nunziata, Prakash Punjabi, Gianni Angelini, Marco Solinas, Alba Buselli, Paolo Del Sarto, Dorela Haxhiademi
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive mitral valve repair may be associated with prolonged cardioplegic arrest times and ischemic reperfusion injury. Intravenous (propofol) and volatile (sevoflurane) anesthesia are used routinely during cardiac surgery and are thought to provide cardioprotection; however, the individual contribution of each regimen to cardioprotection is unknown. Therefore, the authors sought to compare the cardioprotective effects of propofol and sevoflurane anesthesia in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381711/validation-of-the-perceived-stigmatization-questionnaire-for-brazilian-adult-burn-patients
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Noélle de Oliveira Freitas, Carlos García Forero, Marina Paes Caltran, Jordi Alonso, Rosana A Spadoti Dantas, Monica Sarto Piccolo, Jayme Adriano Farina, John W Lawrence, Lidia A Rossi
Currently, there is no questionnaire to assess perceived stigmatization among people with visible differences in Brazil. The Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire (PSQ), developed in the United States, is a valid instrument to assess the perception of stigmatizing behaviours among burn survivors. The objective of this cross-sectional and multicentre study was to assess the factor structure, reliability and validity of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the PSQ in burn patients. A Brazilian version of the 21-item PSQ was answered by 240 adult burn patients, undergoing rehabilitation in two burns units in Brazil...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380095/study-of-tensiometric-properties-microbiological-and-collagen-content-in-nile-tilapia-skin-submitted-to-different-sterilization-methods
#13
Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves, Edmar Maciel Lima Júnior, Nelson Sarto Piccolo, Marcelo José Borges de Miranda, Maria Elisa Quezado Lima Verde, Antônio Ernando Carlos Ferreira Júnior, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Victor Pinheiro Feitosa, Tereza Jesus Pinheiro Gomes de Bandeira, Monica Beatriz Mathor, Manoel Odorico de Moraes
Tissue bioengineering development is a global concern and different materials are studied and created to be safe, effective and with low cost. Nile Tilapia skin had shown its biological potential as covers for the burn wound. This study evaluates the tilapia skin histological, collagen properties and tensiometric resistance, after treatment by different sterilization methods. Tilapia skin samples were submitted to two sterilization processes: (1) chemical, which consisted in two 2% chlorhexidin baths, followed by sequential baths in increasing glycerol concentrations; and (2) radiation, when glycerolized skin samples were submitted to gamma radiation at 25, 30 and 50 kGy...
January 29, 2018: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316199/usefulness-of-the-cllflow-score
#14
Marc Sorigue, Mireia Franch-Sarto, Edurne Sarrate, Jordi Junca
BACKGROUND: The CLLflow score was recently suggested as an improvement over the Moreau score (MS) for the diagnosis and classification of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LPD). METHODS: We determined the CLLflow score in peripheral blood or bone marrow of a series of cases with an inconclusive immunophenotype, including samples with a MS of 3 (n = 52) and CD5-positive with a score of 2 (n = 38). As controls, B-LPD with a MS of 0-1 (n = 95), CD5-negative score 2 (n = 24), and score 4-5 (i...
January 6, 2018: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282771/consistency-of-the-moreau-cll-score
#15
Marc Sorigue, Edurne Sarrate, Mireia Franch-Sarto, Evarist Feliu, Jordi Junca
BACKGROUND: The Moreau score is essential for the diagnosis of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LPD). METHODS: We assessed the consistency of the Moreau score in a series of 138 patients with at least two samples involved by a B-LPD (316 samples) other than germinal center-derived malignancies, hairy cell leukemia, and mantle cell lymphomas. Patients with evidence of two distinct B-LPDs were also excluded. RESULTS: We found 53 inconsistencies in 44 of 138 (32%) patients...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233187/graphene-based-dental-adhesive-with-anti-biofilm-activity
#16
Agnese Bregnocchi, Elena Zanni, Daniela Uccelletti, Fabrizio Marra, Domenico Cavallini, Francesca De Angelis, Giovanni De Bellis, Maurizio Bossù, Gaetano Ierardo, Antonella Polimeni, Maria Sabrina Sarto
BACKGROUND: Secondary caries are considered the main cause of dental restoration failure. In this context, anti-biofilm and bactericidal properties are desired in dental materials against pathogens such as Streptococcus mutans. To this purpose, graphene based materials can be used as fillers of polymer dental adhesives. In this work, we investigated the possibility to use as filler of dental adhesives, graphene nanoplatelets (GNP), a non toxic hydrophobic nanomaterial with antimicrobial and anti-biofilm properties...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145171/host-target-based-approaches-against-arboviral-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Rebeca Froes Rocha, Juliana Lemos Del Sarto, Rafael Elias Marques, Vivian Vasconcelos Costa, Mauro Martins Teixeira
In the 20th century, socioeconomic and environmental changes facilitated the reintroduction of mosquitoes in developing cities, resulting in the reinsertion of mosquito-borne viral diseases and the dispersal of their causative agents on a worldwide scale. Recurrent outbreaks of arboviral diseases are being reported, even in regions without a previous history of arboviral disease transmission. Of note, arboviral infections represented approximately 30% of all emerging vector-borne diseases in the last decade...
February 23, 2018: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049937/risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-women-with-endometrial-cancer-compared-to-cancer-free-women-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#18
Ashley S Felix, Amy Lehman, Randi E Foraker, Michelle J Naughton, Julie K Bower, Lewis Kuller, Gloria E Sarto, Marcia L Stefanick, Linda Van Horn, Rebecca D Jackson, Electra D Paskett
BACKGROUND: The majority of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer (EC) have low cancer-specific mortality; however, a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors places EC patients at high risk of developing CVD. In the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), we assessed the hypothesis that CVD risk was higher among women who developed EC compared with women who did not develop EC. METHODS: We compared the incidence of fatal and non-fatal CVD events among 1,179 women who developed Type I EC, 211 women who developed Type II EC, and 92,217 women who did not develop EC...
December 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774295/balanced-performance-measurement-in-research-hospitals-the-participative-case-study-of-a-haematology-department
#19
Simona Catuogno, Claudia Arena, Sara Saggese, Fabrizia Sarto
BACKGROUND: The paper aims to review, design and implement a multidimensional performance measurement system for a public research hospital in order to address the complexity of its multifaceted stakeholder requirements and its double institutional aim of care and research. METHOD: The methodology relies on a participative case study performed by external researchers in close collaboration with the staff of an Italian research hospital. RESULTS: The paper develops and applies a customized version of balanced scorecard based on a new set of performance measures...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764786/evaluation-of-the-antibacterial-power-and-biocompatibility-of-zinc-oxide-nanorods-decorated-graphene-nanoplatelets-new-perspectives-for-antibiodeteriorative-approaches
#20
Elena Zanni, Erika Bruni, Chandrakanth Reddy Chandraiahgari, Giovanni De Bellis, Maria Grazia Santangelo, Maurizio Leone, Agnese Bregnocchi, Patrizia Mancini, Maria Sabrina Sarto, Daniela Uccelletti
BACKGROUND: Nanotechnologies are currently revolutionizing the world around us, improving the quality of our lives thanks to a multitude of applications in several areas including the environmental preservation, with the biodeterioration phenomenon representing one of the major concerns. RESULTS: In this study, an innovative nanomaterial consisting of graphene nanoplatelets decorated by zinc oxide nanorods (ZNGs) was tested for the ability to inhibit two different pathogens belonging to bacterial genera frequently associated with nosocomial infections as well as biodeterioration phenomenon: the Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and the Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
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