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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833052/dietary-calcium-supplementation-in-adult-rats-reverts-brown-adipose-tissue-dysfunction-programmed-by-postnatal-early-overfeeding
#1
Ellen Paula Santos Conceição, Egberto Gaspar Moura, Elaine Oliveira, Deysla Sabino Guarda, Mariana Sarto Figueiredo, Fernanda Torres Quitete, Camila Calvino, Rosiane Aparecida Miranda, Paulo Cezar Freitas Mathias, Alex Christian Manhães, Patricia Cristina Lisboa
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) dysfunction is associated with obesity and its comorbidities, such as hypertension, and the improvement of BAT function seems important for obesity management. Here we investigated the effects of dietary calcium supplementation on BAT autonomic nerve activity, sympathoadrenal function and cardiovascular parameters in adult obese rats that were raised in small litters (SL group). Three days after birth, SL litters were adjusted to three pups to induce early overfeeding. The control group remained with 10 pups/litter until weaning (NL group)...
January 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792153/electro-mechanical-properties-of-multilayer-graphene-based-polymeric-composite-obtained-through-a-capillary-rise-method
#2
Chiara Acquarelli, Licia Paliotta, Alessio Tamburrano, Giovanni De Bellis, Maria Sabrina Sarto
A new sensor made of a vinyl-ester polymer composite filled with multilayer graphene nanoplatelets (MLG) is produced through an innovative capillary rise method for application in strain sensing and structural health monitoring. The new sensor is characterized by high stability of the piezoresistive response under quasi-static consecutive loading/unloading cycles and monotonic tests. This is due to the peculiarity of the fabrication process that ensures a smooth and clean surface of the sensor, without the presence of filler agglomerates acting as micro- or macro-sized defects in the composite...
October 25, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749739/estrogen-alone-and-health-outcomes-in-black-women-by-african-ancestry-a-secondary-analyses-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Rowan T Chlebowski, Wendy Barrington, Aaron K Aragaki, JoAnn E Manson, Gloria Sarto, Mary J OʼSullivan, Daniel Wu, Jane A Cauley, Lihong Qi, Robert L Wallace, Ross L Prentice
OBJECTIVE: In postmenopausal black women in the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial, estrogen alone reduced breast cancers but its comprehensive influence on health outcomes in black women is unknown. Therefore, we examined this issue in the Women's Health Initiative overall and by African ancestry. METHODS: A total of 1,616 black women with prior hysterectomy, including 1,061 with percent African ancestry determination, at 40 US centers were randomly assigned to conjugated equine estrogen (0...
October 3, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469994/maternal-flaxseed-oil-intake-during-lactation-changes-body-fat-inflammatory-markers-and-glucose-homeostasis-in-the-adult-progeny-role-of-gender-dimorphism
#4
Deysla Sabino Guarda, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, Janaíne Cavalcanti Carvalho, Adelina Martha Dos Reis, Patricia Novaes Soares, Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Mariana Sarto Figueiredo
We evaluated maternal flaxseed oil intake during lactation on body composition, lipid profile, glucose homeostasis and adipose tissue inflammation in male and female progeny at adulthood. Lactating rats were divided into the following: control 7% soybean oil (C), hyper 19% soybean oil (HS) and hyper 17% flaxseed oil+2% soybean oil (HF). Weaned pups received a standard diet. Offspring were killed in PN180. Male HF presented higher visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and triacylglycerol, and female HF showed insulin resistance...
September 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463406/body-dysmorphic-symptoms-scale-for-patients-seeking-esthetic-surgery-cross-cultural-validation-study
#5
Tatiana Dalpasquale Ramos, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Mônica Sarto Piccolo, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins Rosella, Miguel Sabino, Lydia Masako Ferreira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. METHODS: Between February 2014 and March 2015, 80 consecutive patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were selected...
July 21, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448147/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fna-of-pelvic-lesions-a-large-single-center-experience
#6
Galab M Hassan, Sarto C Paquin, Roula Albadine, Gilles Gariépy, Geneviève Soucy, Bich N Nguyen, Anand V Sahai
BACKGROUND: Pelvic endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (PEUS-FNA) of rectal or perirectal lesions is safe, minimally invasive, and well tolerated. It provides valuable information, which can greatly influence patient management. Herein, the authors present what to their knowledge is the largest series to date of PEUS-FNA. METHODS: PEUS-FNA specimens were retrieved from the archives of the study institution from January 2001 to March 2015. Only patients with solid pelvic lesions were examined...
November 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440911/low-birth-weight-and-risk-of-later-life-physical-disability-in-women
#7
Cassandra N Spracklen, Kelli K Ryckman, Jennifer G Robinson, Marcia L Stefanick, Gloria E Sarto, Stephen D Anton, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that low and high birth weight due to in-utero programming results in elevated risk for adult diseases, though less research has been performed examining the influence of birth weight and physical disability later in life. METHODS: Baseline data from 76,055 postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative, a large multi-ethnic cohort, were used to examine the association between self-reported birth weight category (<6 lbs, 6-7 lbs 15 oz, 8-9 lbs 15 oz, and ≥10 lbs) and the self-reported physical functioning score on the RAND 36-item Health Survey...
July 20, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390211/nonischemic-left-ventricular-scar-as-a-substrate-of-life-threatening-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-competitive-athletes
#8
Alessandro Zorzi, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Ilaria Rigato, Manuel De Lazzari, Angela Susana, Alice Niero, Kalliopi Pilichou, Federico Migliore, Stefania Rizzo, Benedetta Giorgi, Giorgio De Conti, Patrizio Sarto, Luis Serratosa, Giampiero Patrizi, Elia De Maria, Antonio Pelliccia, Cristina Basso, Maurizio Schiavon, Barbara Bauce, Sabino Iliceto, Gaetano Thiene, Domenico Corrado
BACKGROUND: The clinical profile and arrhythmic outcome of competitive athletes with isolated nonischemic left ventricular (LV) scar as evidenced by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance remain to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared 35 athletes (80% men, age: 14-48 years) with ventricular arrhythmias and isolated LV subepicardial/midmyocardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (group A) with 38 athletes with ventricular arrhythmias and no LGE (group B) and 40 healthy control athletes (group C)...
July 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300991/pressure-anisotropy-and-small-spatial-scales-induced-by-velocity-shear
#9
D Del Sarto, F Pegoraro, F Califano
By including the full pressure tensor dynamics in a fluid plasma model, we show that a sheared velocity field can provide an effective mechanism that makes the initial isotropic pressure nongyrotropic. This is distinct from the usual gyrotropic anisotropy related to the fluid compressibility and usually accounted for in double-adiabatic models. We determine the time evolution of the pressure agyrotropy and discuss how the propagation of "magnetoelastic perturbations" can affect the pressure tensor anisotropization and its spatial filamentation, which are due to the action of both the magnetic field and the flow strain tensor...
May 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280721/effects-of-mindfulness-on-diabetes-mellitus-rationale-and-overview
#10
Wilson L Medina, David Wilson, Vera Lucia M A de Salvo, Bruna Vannucchi, Erika Leonardo de Souza, Leandro Lucena, Héctor Morillo Sarto, Marta Modrego-Alarcon, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Marcos Piva Demarzo
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an emerging global healthcare problem and its prevalence is increasing at an alarming rate. Despite improvements in both medical and pharmacological therapies, a complex medical condition may demand a diversified approach, such as: drug therapy, healthy diet and exercises, diabetes education programs, adherence to medical treatment and active participation of the patients in their lifestyle changes, such as stress management. The concept of mindfulness is here defined as the awareness that unfolds from the intention to attentively observe the current experience in a non-judgmental and non-evaluative way...
June 6, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269298/physical-impairment-and-body-weight-history-in-postmenopausal-women-the-women-s-health-initiative
#11
Amal A Wanigatunga, Sandrine S Sourdet, Michael J LaMonte, Molly E Waring, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Jennifer W Bea, Rebecca A Seguin, Judith K Ockene, Gloria E Sarto, Marcia L Stefanick, Marian Limacher, Todd M Manini
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether weight history and weight transitions over adult lifespan contribute to physical impairment among postmenopausal women. DESIGN: BMI categories were calculated among postmenopausal women who reported their weight and height at age 18 years. Multiple-variable logistic regression was used to determine the association between BMI at age 18 years and BMI transitions over adulthood on severe physical impairment (SPI), defined as scoring <60 on the Physical Functioning subscale of the Rand thirty-six-item Short-Form Health Survey...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230873/clinical-leadership-and-hospital-performance-assessing-the-evidence-base
#12
F Sarto, G Veronesi
BACKGROUND: A widespread assumption across health systems suggests that greater clinicians' involvement in governance and management roles would have wider benefits for the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare organisations. However, despite growing interest around the topic, it is still poorly understood how managers with a clinical background might specifically affect healthcare performance outcomes. The purpose of this review is, therefore, to map out and critically appraise quantitatively-oriented studies investigating this phenomenon within the acute hospital sector...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086870/syne1-ataxia-is-a-common-recessive-ataxia-with-major-non-cerebellar-features-a-large-multi-centre-study
#13
Matthis Synofzik, Katrien Smets, Martial Mallaret, Daniela Di Bella, Constanze Gallenmüller, Jonathan Baets, Martin Schulze, Stefania Magri, Elisa Sarto, Mona Mustafa, Tine Deconinck, Tobias Haack, Stephan Züchner, Michael Gonzalez, Dagmar Timmann, Claudia Stendel, Thomas Klopstock, Alexandra Durr, Christine Tranchant, Marc Sturm, Wahiba Hamza, Lorenzo Nanetti, Caterina Mariotti, Michel Koenig, Ludger Schöls, Rebecca Schüle, Peter de Jonghe, Mathieu Anheim, Franco Taroni, Peter Bauer
Mutations in the synaptic nuclear envelope protein 1 (SYNE1) gene have been reported to cause a relatively pure, slowly progressive cerebellar recessive ataxia mostly identified in Quebec, Canada. Combining next-generation sequencing techniques and deep-phenotyping (clinics, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, muscle histology), we here established the frequency, phenotypic spectrum and genetic spectrum of SYNE1 in a screening of 434 non-Canadian index patients from seven centres across Europe...
May 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046288/sexual-communication-in-day-flying-lepidoptera-with-special-reference-to-castniids-or-butterfly-moths
#14
V Sarto I Monteys, C Quero, M C Santa-Cruz, G Rosell, A Guerrero
Butterflies and moths are subject to different evolutionary pressures that affect several aspects of their behaviour and physiology, particularly sexual communication. Butterflies are day-flying insects (excluding hedylids) whose partner-finding strategy is mainly based on visual cues and female butterflies having apparently lost the typical sex pheromone glands. Moths, in contrast, are mostly night-flyers and use female-released long-range pheromones for partner-finding. However, some moth families are exclusively day-flyers, and therefore subject to evolutionary pressures similar to those endured by butterflies...
April 5, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038408/genome-wide-association-study-gwas-and-genome-wide-by-environment-interaction-study-gweis-of-depressive-symptoms-in-african-american-and-hispanic-latina-women
#15
Erin C Dunn, Anna Wiste, Farid Radmanesh, Lynn M Almli, Stephanie M Gogarten, Tamar Sofer, Jessica D Faul, Sharon L R Kardia, Jennifer A Smith, David R Weir, Wei Zhao, Thomas W Soare, Saira S Mirza, Karin Hek, Henning Tiemeier, Joseph S Goveas, Gloria E Sarto, Beverly M Snively, Marilyn Cornelis, Karestan C Koenen, Peter Kraft, Shaun Purcell, Kerry J Ressler, Jonathan Rosand, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Jordan W Smoller
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have made little progress in identifying variants linked to depression. We hypothesized that examining depressive symptoms and considering gene-environment interaction (GxE) might improve efficiency for gene discovery. We therefore conducted a GWAS and genome-wide by environment interaction study (GWEIS) of depressive symptoms. METHODS: Using data from the SHARe cohort of the Women's Health Initiative, comprising African Americans (n = 7,179) and Hispanics/Latinas (n = 3,138), we examined genetic main effects and GxE with stressful life events and social support...
April 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989139/statutory-prevention-of-work-injuries-in-italy-an-effectiveness-evaluation-with-interrupted-time-series-analysis-in-a-sample-of-5000-manufacturing-plants-from-the-veneto-region
#16
R Agnesi, U Fedeli, A Bena, E Farina, F Sarto, M Veronese, G Mastrangelo
OBJECTIVES: According to Italian law, prevention of injuries in the workplace falls under the National Health System Service of Prevention, Health and Safety at Work (SPISAL). In a sample of about 5000 industrial firms in the Veneto region (North-Eastern Italy), the study examines the impact of SPISAL safety programmes on injuries. METHODS: The study is based on the before-and-after comparison of injury rates in 795 industrial settings that were subject to SPISAL interventions and 4186 reference firms, which were all manufacturing industries with >10 employees; construction companies were excluded...
May 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879160/credentialing-for-endoscopic-ultrasound-a-proposal-for-canadian-guidelines
#17
Naveen Arya, Anand V Sahai, Sarto C Paquin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26782173/how-to-bake-a-brain-yeast-as-a-model-neuron
#18
REVIEW
Isabella Sarto-Jackson, Lubomir Tomaska
More than 30 years ago Dan Koshland published an inspirational essay presenting the bacterium as a model neuron (Koshland, Trends Neurosci 6:133-137, 1983). In the article he argued that there are several similarities between neurons and bacterial cells in "how signals are processed within a cell or how this processing machinery can be modified to produce plasticity". He then explored the bacterial chemosensory system to emphasize its attributes that are analogous to information processing in neurons. In this review, we wish to expand Koshland's original idea by adding the yeast cell to the list of useful models of a neuron...
May 2016: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26708645/the-impact-of-birth-weight-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#19
C J Smith, K K Ryckman, V M Barnabei, B V Howard, C R Isasi, G E Sarto, S E Tom, L V Van Horn, R B Wallace, J G Robinson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Traditional risk factors predict 75-80% of an individual's risk of incident CVD. However, the role of early life experiences in future disease risk is gaining attention. The Barker hypothesis proposes fetal origins of adult disease, with consistent evidence demonstrating the deleterious consequences of birth weight outside the normal range. In this study, we investigate the role of birth weight in CVD risk prediction...
March 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26665073/nitrogen-doped-graphene-films-from-chemical-vapor-deposition-of-pyridine-influence-of-process-parameters-on-the-electrical-and-optical-properties
#20
Andrea Capasso, Theodoros Dikonimos, Francesca Sarto, Alessio Tamburrano, Giovanni De Bellis, Maria Sabrina Sarto, Giuliana Faggio, Angela Malara, Giacomo Messina, Nicola Lisi
Graphene films were produced by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of pyridine on copper substrates. Pyridine-CVD is expected to lead to doped graphene by the insertion of nitrogen atoms in the growing sp(2) carbon lattice, possibly improving the properties of graphene as a transparent conductive film. We here report on the influence that the CVD parameters (i.e., temperature and gas flow) have on the morphology, transmittance, and electrical conductivity of the graphene films grown with pyridine. A temperature range between 930 and 1070 °C was explored and the results were compared to those of pristine graphene grown by ethanol-CVD under the same process conditions...
2015: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
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