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You Xu, Wenguang Tu, Shengming Yin, Markus Kraft, Qichun Zhang, Rong Xu
Photocatalytic hydrogen (H2) evolution from water splitting is attracting enormous interest due to the possibility of converting solar energy into green chemical energy. The construction of highly efficient and stable photocatalysts is of importance and necessary for the development of photocatalytic water splitting technology. In this study, we have developed a self-template synthetic strategy for the preparation of heterostructured nanohybrids composed of ultrasmall CdS and NiSx nanoparticles by using Cd(ii)-Ni(ii)-(4,4'-bipyridine) coordination polymers as the precursor and template...
April 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Akihiro Nakatsukasa, Koji Kuruma, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Takahiro Hiono, Mizuho Suzuki, Keita Matsuno, Hiroshi Kida, Takayoshi Oyamada, Yoshihiro Sakoda
Transdermal vaccination using a microneedle (MN) confers enhanced immunity compared with subcutaneous (SC) vaccination. Here we developed a novel dissolving MN patch for the influenza vaccine. The potencies of split virion and whole virus particle (WVP) vaccines prepared from A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 (H1N1) and A/duck/Hokkaido/Vac-3/2007 (H5N1), respectively, were evaluated. MN vaccination induced higher neutralizing antibody responses than SC vaccination in mice. Moreover, MN vaccination with a lower dose of antigens conferred protective immunity against lethal challenges of influenza viruses than SC vaccination in mice...
April 18, 2017: Vaccine
Tingting Luo, Yun Du, Zhongxian Qiu, Yanmei Li, Xiaofang Wang, Wenli Zhou, Jilin Zhang, Liping Yu, Shixun Lian
Eu(2+)-activated Ba2ZnS3 has been reported as a red phosphor with a broad emission band peaking at 650 nm under blue excitation for white-LED. In this study, Ba2ZnS3:Eu(2+), X(-) (X = F, Cl, Br, I) phosphors doped with halide ions were prepared by traditional high-temperature solid-state reaction. Phase identification of powders was performed by X-ray powder diffraction analysis, confirming the existence of single-phase Ba2ZnS3 crystals without dopant. The corresponding excitation spectra showed an additional broad band in the green region peaking at 550 nm when the phosphor was halogenated except by the smallest F(-)...
April 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Rojiar Akbari Sene, G R Moradi, S Sharifnia
Hydrogen evolution via water splitting was investigated over the sonochemically synthesized TiO2-clinoptilolite photocomposites. To this aim, a series of photocatalysts containing 10wt% titania were prepared by impregnation and solid state dispersion (SSD) methods in the presence and absence of ultrasound irradiation. The samples were characterized by XRD, FESEM, EDX, BET, FTIR, PL and UV-vis techniques and tested for the water splitting. The characterization results indicated that ultrasound irradiation endowed the photocatalysts with uniform morphology, higher surface area and more homogenous dispersion...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Wan Li, Shilin Zhang, Qining Fan, Fazhi Zhang, Sailong Xu
Transition metal phosphide (TMP) nanostructures have stimulated increasing interest for use in water splitting owing to their abundant natural sources and high activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Typically, the preparation of hierarchical TMPs involves the utilization of expensive or dangerous phosphorus sources, and, in particular, the understanding of topotactic transformations of the precursors to crystalline phases-which could be utilized to enhance electrocatalytic performance-remains very limited...
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
Roberto Estevez, Antonio J Conde, Oliver Valencia de Pablo, Francisco de la Torre, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Rafael Cisneros
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the porcine palatal mucosa dissolution from artificial grooves using a final rinse with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with or without a surfactant or ultrasonic activation (PUI). METHODS: The root canals of 130 human maxillary central incisors were chemomechanically prepared and the teeth split. A standardized longitudinal intracanal groove was created in 1 of the root halves. One hundred thirty porcine palatal mucosa samples were collected, adapted in order to fit into the grooves, and weighed...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Jing Zhang, Qian Cong, Xiao-Ling Fan, Rongjiang Wang, Min Wang, Nick V Grishin
Background: Giant-Skipper butterflies from the genus Megathymus are North American endemics. These large and thick-bodied Skippers resemble moths and are unique in their life cycles. Grub-like at the later stages of development, caterpillars of these species feed and live inside yucca roots. Adults do not feed and are mostly local, not straying far from the patches of yucca plants. Methods: Pieces of muscle were dissected from the thorax of specimens and genomic DNA was extracted (also from the abdomen of a specimen collected nearly 60 years ago)...
2017: F1000Research
Bohuslav Drahoš, Radovan Herchel, Zdeněk Trávníček
The structural and magnetic features of a series of mononuclear seven-coordinate Co(II) complexes with the general formula [Co(L)X2], where L is a 15-membered pyridine-based macrocyclic ligand (3,12,18-triaza-6,9-dioxabicyclo[12.3.1]octadeca-1(18),14,16-triene) and X = Cl(-) (1), Br(-) (2), or I(-) (3), were investigated experimentally and theoretically in order to reveal how the corresponding halogenido coligands in the apical positions of a distorted pentagonal-bipyramidal coordination polyhedron may affect the magnetic properties of the prepared compounds...
April 13, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Gong Jin, Jing Sun, Ren-Yin Yang, Chao-Guo Yan
The triethylamine promoted stepwise 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of N-phenacylbenzothiazolium bromides with nitroalkenes in ethanol resulted in a mixture of two isomeric tetrahydrobenzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles with cis/trans/cis- and all-trans-configurations. More importantly, the corresponding dihydrobenzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles can be selectively prepared in refluxing ethanol and the benzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles can be obtained in satisfactory yields by sequential dehydrogenation with DDQ as oxidizer...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
The purpose of this study was to create a fibrin-based human skin substitute in vitro with epidermal and dermal component and to assess its healing potential in deep partial and full thickness burns. Fibrin scaff olds were prepared from commercial fibrin glue kits. Human fibroblasts were cultured in fibrin gel. Human keratinocytes were seeded on the top of the gel. Viability of cells was determined fluorimetrically. Scanning electron microscope and immunocytochemistry analysis of cultured cells were performed...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
A S Schenk, S Eiben, M Goll, L Reith, A N Kulak, F C Meldrum, H Jeske, C Wege, S Ludwigs
Spinel-type Co3O4 finds applications in a wide range of fields, including clean energy conversion, where nanostructured Co3O4 may provide a cost-efficient alternative to platinum- and iridium-based catalysts for electrocatalytic water-splitting. We here describe a novel strategy in which basic cobalt carbonate - a precursor to Co3O4 - is precipitated as sheet-like structures and microspheres covered with fine surface protrusions, via ammonium carbonate decomposition at room temperature. Importantly, these mild reaction conditions enable us to employ bio-inspired templating approaches to further control the mineral structure...
April 7, 2017: Nanoscale
Ana Maria Estivalete Marchionatti, Vinícius Felipe Wandscher, Michele Mirian May, Marco Antonio Bottino, Liliana Gressler May
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The color stability of luting agents influences the esthetics of ceramic laminate veneers. Clinical studies that have evaluated the color changes of veneers cemented to enamel with light- and dual-polymerizing resin cement are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this split-mouth randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the color change and marginal discoloration of dual- and light-polymerizing cement used for cementation of ceramic laminate veneers...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Showkathali Iqbal, Raiz Iqbal, Faiz Iqbal
The Couinaud's liver segmentation is based on the identification of portal vein bifurcation and origin of hepatic veins. It is widely used clinically, because it is better suited for surgery and is more accurate in localizing and monitoring various intra parenchymal lesions. According to standard anatomy, the portal vein bifurcates into right and left branches; the left vein drains segment II, III and IV and the right vein divides into two secondary branches - the anterior portal vein drains segments V and VIII, and the posterior drains segments VI and VII...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ana Pm Colombo, Carlos E Fontana, Aline Godoy, Alexandre S De Martin, Augusto S Kato, Daniel Gp Rocha, Rina A Pelegrine, Carlos Es Bueno
Endodontic retreatment requires complete removal of the filling material and access to the apical foramen. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Wave One reciprocating system and compare it to the ProTaper D rotarysystem, with or without the use of a solvent, in removing filling material from root canals. The time required for each filling removal technique employed was also determined and compared. Forty extracted human mandibular premolars with a single, straight, flattened canal were prepared and filled...
December 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Marek Kopciuszyński, Mariusz Krawiec, Ryszard Zdyb, Mieczysław Jałochowski
We report on a giant Rashba type splitting of metallic bands observed in one-dimensional structures prepared on a vicinal silicon substrate. A single layer of Pb on Si(553) orders this vicinal surface making perfectly regular distribution of monatomic steps. Although there is only one layer of Pb, the system reveals very strong metallic and purely one-dimensional character, which manifests itself in multiple surface state bands crossing the Fermi level in the direction parallel to the step edges and a small band gap in the perpendicular direction...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
James Walter, Gloria Francis, Rebecca Matro, Ramalinga Kedika, Rachael Grosso, Scott W Keith, David Kastenberg
Background and study aims Dietary restrictions are integral to colonoscopy preparation and impact patient satisfaction. Utilizing split-dose, lower-volume polyethylene glycol 3350-electrolyte solution (PEG-ELS), this study compared colon preparation adequacy of a low-residue diet to clear liquids using a validated grading scale. Patients and methods This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, single-center non-inferiority study evaluating diet the day prior to outpatient colonoscopy. Subjects were randomized to a Low-Residue diet for breakfast and lunch, or Clears only...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
Katarzyna Jaromin-Gleń, Teresa Kłapeć, Grzegorz Łagód, Jacek Karamon, Jacek Malicki, Agata Skowrońska, Andrzej Bieganowski
From the sanitary and epidemiological aspects, information concerning the developmental forms of intestinal parasites, especially the eggs of helminths present in our environment in: water, soil, sandpits, sewage sludge, crops watered with wastewater are very important. The methods described in the relevant literature may be classified in various ways, primarily according to the methodology of the preparation of samples from environmental matrices prepared for analysis, and the sole methods of counting and chambers/instruments used for this purpose...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
P V Kondrashkin, D Z Shibkova, E I Tolstykh
The application of modern techniques for different types of massage and manual therapy is associated with the exposure of the paravetrebral points. The knowledge of pain threshold values at these points is of great practical significance. AIM: The objective of the present study was to obtain the statistical characteristics of the individual pressure pain threshold (PPT) for the healthy women and patients presenting with minor disturbances of spinal motion segments (SMS) at the trigger points on the back...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Xinyue Zhang, Li Li, Shanshan Wen, Hongxiang Luo, Changlong Yang
Two types of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) Bi2O3/ZrO2 composites were prepared by the sol-gel method combined with the decompression filling method using polystyrene (PS) microspheres and EO20PO70EO20 (P123) as the templates. The crystal structure, morphology, and surface physicochemical properties of Bi2O3/ZrO2 composites were well characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and N2 adsorption-desorption measurements...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ju Seong Kim, Inchul Park, Eun-Suk Jeong, Kyoungsuk Jin, Won Mo Seong, Gabin Yoon, Hyunah Kim, Byunghoon Kim, Ki Tae Nam, Kisuk Kang
The development of a high-performance oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalyst is pivotal for the practical realization of a water-splitting system. Although an extensive search for OER catalysts has been performed in the past decades, cost-effective catalysts remain elusive. Herein, an amorphous cobalt phyllosilicate (ACP) with layered crystalline motif prepared by a room-temperature precipitation is introduced as a new OER catalyst; this material exhibits a remarkably low overpotential (η ≈ 367 mV for a current density of 10 mA cm(-2) )...
March 29, 2017: Advanced Materials
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