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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932092/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-colon-cleansing-preparations-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Sophie Restellini, Omar Kherad, Talat Bessissow, Charles Ménard, Myriam Martel, Maryam Taheri Tanjani, Peter L Lakatos, Alan N Barkun
AIM: To performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine any possible differences in terms of effectiveness, safety and tolerability between existing colon-cleansing products in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed (January 1980-September 2016) using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, CENTRAL and ISI Web of knowledge for randomized trials assessing preparations with or without adjuvants, given in split and non-split dosing, and in high (> 3 L) or low-volume (2 L or less) regimens...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932091/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-fixed-time-split-dosing-and-split-dosing-of-oral-picosulfate-regimen-for-bowel-preparation
#2
Jae Hyuck Jun, Koon Hee Han, Jong Kyu Park, Hyun Il Seo, Young Don Kim, Sang Jin Lee, Baek Gyu Jun, Min Sik Hwang, Yoon Kyoo Park, Myeong Jong Kim, Gab Jin Cheon
AIM: To compare the efficacy of fixed-time split dose and split dose of an oral sodium picosulfate for bowel preparation. METHODS: This is study was prospective, randomized controlled study performed at a single Institution (2013-058). A total of 204 subjects were assigned to receive one of two sodium picosulfate regimens (i.e., fixed-time split or split) prior to colonoscopy. Main outcome measurements were bowel preparation quality and subject tolerability. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between the fixed-time split dose regimen group and the split dose regimen group (Ottawa score mean 2...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931498/a-smartphone-app-for-improvement-of-colonoscopy-preparation-coloprapp-development-and-feasibility-study
#3
Benjamin Walter, Roland Schmid, Stefan von Delius
BACKGROUND: Optimal bowel preparation is one of the major cornerstones for quality of colonoscopy. But poor bowel preparation still occurs in 10% to 25% of all patients. To optimize patient guidance, we developed a new smartphone app (ColoprAPP) for Android smartphones which guides and accompanies the patient starting 4 days before colonoscopy throughout the whole colonoscopy preparation procedure. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the function of a newly developed smartphone app for supporting colonoscopy preparation...
September 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931174/improvement-of-radiological-teaching-effects-of-focusing-of-learning-targets-and-increased-consideration-of-learning-theory-knowledge
#4
Stefan Wirth, York-Alexander William, Marco Paolini, Kathrin Wirth, Daniel Maxien, Maximilian Reiser, Martin R Fischer
Purpose Based on evaluation and examination results of students, a necessity for improvement of so far purely instructor-based radiological teaching at the local institution was determined. Aim of our study was to use one out of eight seminars to exemplify adaptation of the teaching concept according to learning theory knowledge, to determine the resulting effects and to interpret them. Materials and methods The institutional review board approved the prospective study of the seminar conversion, which was performed after the end of the winter semester 2015/2016...
September 20, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929260/preferences-for-injectable-prep-among-young-u-s-cisgender-men-and-transgender-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
Katie B Biello, Sybil Hosek, Morgan T Drucker, Marvin Belzer, Matthew J Mimiaga, Elliot Marrow, Julia Coffey-Esquivel, Jennifer Brothers, Kenneth H Mayer
Young men who have sex with men account for approximately 20% of incident HIV infections in the U.S. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) administered as a daily pill has been shown to decrease HIV acquisition in at-risk individuals. New modalities for PrEP are being developed and tested, including injectable PrEP; however, acceptability of these emerging modalities has not yet been examined in youth. We conducted six focus groups with 36 young men and transgender men and women who have sex with men in Boston, Chicago, and Los Angeles in 2016 to assess interest in and preference for different PrEP modalities...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925588/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-four-final-irrigation-protocols-on-root-canal-dentin-components-by-polarized-light-microscopy-and-scanning-electron-microscopy
#6
Flávia Emi Razera Baldasso, Luana Roleto Cardoso, Vinicius Duval da Silva, Renata Dornelles Morgental, Patrícia Maria Poli Kopper
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of four endodontic chelating agents, followed by 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), as final irrigation regimens on organic and inorganic components of human root dentin. Sixty mandibular incisors were prepared and randomly divided into six groups (n = 10): QMiX, 1% peracetic acid (PA), 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid (CA), 2.5% NaOCl (solution control) and distilled water (DW-negative control). After irrigation with the chelating agents, a final flush was performed with 2...
September 19, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921660/rapid-whole-brain-gray-matter-imaging-using-single-slab-three-dimensional-dual-echo-fast-spin-echo-a-feasibility-study
#7
Hyunyeol Lee, Eung Yeop Kim, Chul-Ho Sohn, Jaeseok Park
PURPOSE: To achieve rapid, high resolution whole-brain gray matter (GM) imaging by developing a novel, single-slab three-dimensional dual-echo fast-spin-echo pulse sequence and GM-selective reconstruction. METHODS: Unlike conventional GM imaging that uses time-consuming double-inversion-recovery preparation, the proposed pulse sequence was designed to have two split portions along the echo train, in which the first half was dedicated to yield short inversion recovery (IR)-induced white matter suppression and variable-flip-angle-induced two-step GM signal evolution while the second half cerebrospinal fluid-only signals...
September 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917602/comparing-inpatient-versus-outpatient-bowel-preparation-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-appendicovesicostomy
#8
David L Weatherly, Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin M Whittam, William E Bennett, Shelly King, Rosalia Misseri, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Mark P Cain
PURPOSE: The need for mechanical inpatient bowel preparation (IBP) in reconstructive pediatric urology has come under scrutiny, secondary to literature demonstrating little benefit regarding outcomes. Starting in 2013, a majority of patients undergoing reconstructive procedures at our institution no longer underwent IBP. We hypothesized that outpatient bowel preparation (OBP) would reduce length of stay (LOS) without increasing postoperative complications after appendicovesicostomy surgery...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912942/efficacy-of-sodium-hypochlorite-activated-with-laser-in-intracanal-smear-layer-removal-an-sem-study
#9
Shahriar Shahriari, Shahin Kasraei, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Hamed Karkeabadi, Hossein Davanloo
Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite activated with laser in removing of the smear layer in the apical, middle, and coronal segments of root canal walls by scanning electron microscopy analysis. Methods: Sixty single-rooted human mandibular teeth were decoronated to a standardized length. The samples were prepared by using Race rotary system to size 40, 0.04 taper and divided into 4 equal groups (n = 15). Group 1, irrigated with EDTA 17% and 5...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902207/preparation-and-characterization-of-crfewtio2-photoanodes-and-their-photoelectrochemical-activities-for-water-splitting
#10
Mohamad Mohsen Momeni, Yousef Ghayeb, Mojgan Shafiei
The chemical bath deposition (CBD) method was successfully applied to prepare WTiO2 nanotube arrays co-deposited with chromium, iron and chromium-iron nanoparticles. Various methods have been used in the characterization of synthetic co-deposited nanostructures. WTiO2 nanotubes can keep the nanotubular structures at low iron concentration in the CBD solution, as indicated by our FESEM results. Iron and chromium can be applied to improve the absorption capability of the WTiO2 nanotubes for the visible-light, according to the UV-Vis results...
September 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901369/precisely-tunable-thickness-of-graphitic-carbon-nitride-nanosheets-for-visible-light-driven-photocatalytic-hydrogen-evolution
#11
Yuanzhi Hong, Changsheng Li, Di Li, Zhenyuan Fang, Bifu Luo, Xu Yan, Hongqiang Shen, Baodong Mao, Weidong Shi
Graphitic carbon nitride (GCN) nanosheets with unique physicochemical properties have received increasing attention in the area of photocatalysis, yet tunable thickness for the straightforward production of this graphite-like two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial remains a challenge. In this work, GCN nanosheets with different thicknesses were firstly prepared by a direct calcination of melamine supramolecular aggregates (MSA) obtained from a hydrochloric acid (HCl)-induced hydrothermal assembly approach. The resultant nanosheets over nanometer scale thickness could be precisely controlled via simply adjusting the HCl concentration...
September 13, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892268/decoupling-the-effects-of-high-crystallinity-and-surface-area-on-the-photocatalytic-overall-water-splitting-over-%C3%AE-ga2o3-nanoparticles-by-chemical-vapor-synthesis
#12
Sasa Lukic, Jasper Menze, Philipp Weide, Wilma Busser, Markus Winterer, Martin Muhler
Chemical vapor synthesis (CVS) is a unique method to prepare well-defined photocatalyst materials with both large specific surface area and a high degree of crystallinity. The obtained β-Ga2O3 nanoparticles were optimized for photocatalysis by reductive photodeposition of the Rh/CrOx cocatalyst system. The influence of the degree of crystallinity and the specific surface area on photocatalytic aqueous methanol reforming and overall water splitting (OWS) was investigated by synthesizing β-Ga2O3 samples in the temperature range from 1000˚C to 1500˚C...
September 11, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/plasma-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#13
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885304/bowel-preparations-administered-the-morning-of-colonoscopy-provide-similar-efficacy-to-a-split-dose-regimen-a-meta-analysis
#14
Danny J Avalos, Fernando J Castro, Marc J Zuckerman, Tara Keihanian, Andrew C Berry, Benjamin Nutter, Daniel A Sussman
BACKGROUND: Comparative efficacy of same-day bowel preparations for colonoscopy remains unclear. AIMS: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing the efficacy of same-day versus split dose bowel preparations for colonoscopy. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, clinicaltrials.gov, Cochrane Registry, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science and CINAHL. Studies were gathered using keywords: "morning preparation", "morning bowel preparation", "same day bowel preparation", and "colonoscopy...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876510/optimization-of-photoanodes-for-photocatalytic-water-oxidation-by-combining-a-heterogenized-iridium-water-oxidation-catalyst-with-a-high-potential-porphyrin-photosensitizer
#15
Kelly L Materna, Jianbing Jiang, Kevin P Regan, Charles A Schmuttenmaer, Robert H Crabtree, Gary Brudvig
Development of water-splitting dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cells (WS-DSPECs) has gained interest due to their ability to generate renewable fuels using solar energy. In this study, photoanodes were assembled composed of a SnO2 film sensitized with a combination of a high potential CF3-substituted porphyrin dye with a THP-protected hydroxamic acid surface-anchoring group, and a Cp*-iridium water-oxidation catalyst containing a silatrane anchoring group. The dye-to-catalyst ratios were varied from 2:1 to 32:1 to optimize photocatalytic water oxidation...
September 6, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875698/large-area-synthesis-of-ni2p-honeycomb-electrode-for-highly-efficient-water-splitting
#16
Xu-Dong Wang, Yang Cao, Yuan Teng, Hong-Yan Chen, Yang-Fan Xu, Dai-Bin Kuang
Transition metal phosphides have regarded as robust, inexpensive electrocatalysts for both the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) recently. Thus far, tremendous scientific efforts have been applied to improve the catalytic activity of catalyst, whereas the scale-up fabrication of morphology-controlled catalysts while maintaining their desired performance remains a great challenge. Herein, we present a facile and scalable approach to fabricate the macroporous Ni2P/nickel foam (mp-Ni2P/Ni foam) electrode...
September 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874524/direct-dating-of-neanderthal-remains-from-the-site-of-vindija-cave-and-implications-for-the-middle-to-upper-paleolithic-transition
#17
Thibaut Devièse, Ivor Karavanić, Daniel Comeskey, Cara Kubiak, Petra Korlević, Mateja Hajdinjak, Siniša Radović, Noemi Procopio, Michael Buckley, Svante Pääbo, Tom Higham
Previous dating of the Vi-207 and Vi-208 Neanderthal remains from Vindija Cave (Croatia) led to the suggestion that Neanderthals survived there as recently as 28,000-29,000 B.P. Subsequent dating yielded older dates, interpreted as ages of at least ∼32,500 B.P. We have redated these same specimens using an approach based on the extraction of the amino acid hydroxyproline, using preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (Prep-HPLC). This method is more efficient in eliminating modern contamination in the bone collagen...
September 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871790/mesoporous-iron-sulfide-for-highly-efficient-electrocatalytic-hydrogen-evolution
#18
Ran Miao, Biswanath Dutta, Sanjubala Sahoo, Junkai He, Wei Zhong, Shaylin A Cetegen, Ting Jiang, S Pamir Alpay, Steven L Suib
We report a facile synthetic protocol to prepare mesoporous FeS2 without the aid of hard template as an electrocatalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The mesoporous FeS2 materials with high surface area were successfully prepared by a sol-gel method following a sulfurization treatment in an H2S atmosphere. A remarkable HER catalytic performance was achieved with a low overpotential of 96 mV at a current density of 10 mA·cm-2 and a Tafel slope of 78 mV per decade under alkaline conditions (pH 13)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867935/the-history-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-as-a-diagnostic-category
#19
Marc-Antoine Crocq
From the 19th century into the 20th century, the terms used to diagnose generalized anxiety included "pantophobia" and "anxiety neurosis." Such terms designated paroxysmal manifestations (panic attacks) as well as interparoxysmal phenomenology (the apprehensive mental state). Also, generalized anxiety was considered one of numerous symptoms of neurasthenia, a vaguely defined illness. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) appeared as a diagnostic category in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980, when anxiety neurosis was split into GAD and panic disorder...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863142/assessing-the-accuracy-of-blood-rna-profiles-to-identify-patients-with-post-concussion-syndrome-a-pilot-study-in-a-military-patient-population
#20
Jimmaline J Hardy, Scott R Mooney, Andrea N Pearson, Dawn McGuire, Daniel J Correa, Roger P Simon, Robert Meller
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a complex, neurophysiological condition that can have detrimental outcomes. Yet, to date, no objective method of diagnosis exists. Physical damage to the blood-brain-barrier and normal waste clearance via the lymphatic system may enable the detection of biomarkers of mTBI in peripheral circulation. Here we evaluate the accuracy of whole transcriptome analysis of blood to predict the clinical diagnosis of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) in a military cohort. Sixty patients with clinically diagnosed chronic concussion and controls (no history of concussion) were recruited (retrospective study design)...
2017: PloS One
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