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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328642/can-we-preserve-the-urethral-plate-in-proximal-hypospadias-repair
#1
Smail Acimi, Mohammed Ali Acimi
PURPOSE: To know the limits of the preservation of the urethral plate in the correction of the curvature associated with proximal hypospadias. METHODS: From January 2002 to January 2015, we treated 224 patients of proximal hypospadias. In 182 cases, we used of the lateral pictures taken during the successive saline erection tests to measure the correction obtained after each stage. RESULTS: The analysis of the lateral pictures taken at the successive saline erection tests clearly demonstrated that release of the skin and dartos fascia provides an important correction of the chordee...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322901/urethral-mobilization-as-an-alternative-procedure-for-distal-hypospadias-repair
#2
Hamed M El Darawany, Mahmoud E Al Damhogy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluated the urethral mobilization procedure as the main technique in management of glanular, coronal, subcoronal, and distal penile hypospadias. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with distal hypospadias were included in this prospective study between January 2013 and January 2015. All of them repaired by urethral mobilization. All patients were followed up at 2 weeks, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post operatively. Duration of the operation, hospital stay, position of meatus and its shape before and after the operation and the postoperative complications were recorded...
March 17, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272705/the-most-common-factors-hindering-the-independent-functioning-of-the-elderly-at-home-by-age-and-sex
#3
D Talarska, S Kropińska, M Strugała, M Szewczyczak, S Tobis, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: Changes occurring with increased age as well progressive illnesses can negatively affect the independent functioning of older people. The goal of this study was to identify the most common problems that make independent life at home more difficult for the elderly and to try and present their relation with age and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 506 persons over 60 years of age took part in the study. They were residents of Poznań, Poland and surrounding areas...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252312/-management-of-recurrent-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-anti-incontinence-surgery
#4
A Martan, J Mašata, K Švabík
OBJECTIVE: The review article describes the possibilities of procedures for failed anti-incontinence surgery - sling procedure or "bulking agent"? DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The correct choice of procedure type to treat persistent SUI (Stress Urinary Incontinence) which persists or soon reoccurs after anti-incontinence surgery is often problematic...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247065/the-changes-of-urethral-morphology-recognized-in-voiding-cystourethrography-after-endoscopic-transurethral-incision-for-posterior-urethral-valve-in-boys-with-intractable-daytime-urinary-incontinence-and-nocturnal-enuresis
#5
Taiju Hyuga, Shigeru Nakamura, Shina Kawai, Taro Kubo, Rieko Furukawa, Toshinori Aihara, Makiko Mieno, Hideo Nakai
PURPOSE: Endoscopic transurethral incision (TUI) of posterior urethral valve (PUV) can improve daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) and nocturnal enuresis (NE). However, the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. In this study, we retrospectively examined the mobility of the urethra before and after TUI by measuring the urethral angle with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), to clarify the effects of TUI on the morphology of the urethra during voiding. METHODS: Between July 2010 and December 2014, 29 boys with intractable DUI and/or NE were diagnosed as PUV and underwent endoscopic TUI...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197032/double-breasting-spongioplasty-in-tubularized-tubularized-incise-plate-urethroplasty-a-new-technique
#6
Amilal Bhat, Mahakshit Bhat, Rajeev Kumar, Akshita Bhat
INTRODUCTION: The main disadvantage of currently described techniques of spongioplasty is superimposition of 3 suture lines (neourethra, spongioplasty, and skin closure) which is likely to increase the chances of a fistula. We describe and evaluate the results of a double breasting spongioplasty in urethroplasty. METHODS: A prospective study of 60 primary hypospadias was undertaken by double breasting spongioplasty from August 2012 to March 2014. Mobilization of the urethral plate and the spongiosum is done by creating a plane just proximal to the meatus...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139863/role-of-intrinsic-sphincter-deficiency-with-and-without-urethral-hypomobility-on-the-outcome-of-tape-insertion
#7
Edyta Wlaźlak, Volker Viereck, Jacek Kociszewski, Andrzej Kuszka, Oliver Rautenberg, Claudia Walser, Grzegorz Surkont, Marianne Gamper, Mathias K Fehr
AIMS: Intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) is a known risk factor for therapy failure after tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) insertion. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the severity of ISD alone or other factors such as urethral mobility and tape localization influence outcomes. METHODS: One hundred and nine women with urodynamically determined ISD, a TVT insertion, and a 6-month follow-up visit were included. Urethral length, mobility, and tape localization were evaluated by pelvic floor sonography...
January 31, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108041/strain-elastography-as-a-new-method-for-assessing-pelvic-floor-biomechanics
#8
Jana Marie Kreutzkamp, Sebastian Daniel Schäfer, Susanne Amler, Felix Strube, Ludwig Kiesel, Ralf Schmitz
Strain elastography (SE) is a new technique of parametric imaging that allows quantification of the elasticity of tissue. The aim of our study was to determine if the elasticity of para-urethral tissue correlates with urethral mobility and urinary incontinence (UI). Ninety-nine unselected women were investigated with SE. They were given a standardized interview about UI, and SE raw data for the para-urethral tissue were acquired in a sagittal standard urethra-symphysis view while being stimulated by a coughing fit...
April 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102588/three-dimensional-translabial-ultrasound-assessment-of-urethral-supports-and-the-urethral-sphincter-complex-in-stress-urinary-incontinence
#9
Jordi Cassadó Garriga, Antoni Pessarrodona Isern, Monica Rodríguez Carballeira, Mar Pallarols Badia, Manuela Moya Del Corral, Marta Valls Esteve, Eva Huguet Galofré
AIMS: The pathophysiological mechanism of incontinence is multifactorial. We evaluated the role of 3D-4D ultrasound in the assessment of the fascial supports of the urethra and the urethral sphincter complex (USC) for diagnosing stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Observational case-control study in women with and without stress urinary incontinence attending a urogynecology service and a general gynecology service. All women were interviewed, examined, and classified according to the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) and underwent a 3D-4D translabial ultrasound...
January 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042169/the-problem-of-polypharmacy-in-female-patients-with-overactive-bladders-cross-sectional-study-in-a-specialist-outpatient-department
#10
C S Schneidinger, W Umek, B Böhmdorfer
Background: The consumption of certain drugs can cause urinary incontinence. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of consumption of drugs that can favour incontinence, the incidence of polypharmacy and the incidence of potentially dangerous drug-drug interactions in female patients suffering from overactive bladder (OAB) who presented to a urogynaecological outpatient department. Methods: We undertook a retrospective case series study. The data from 100 female patients who attended the urogynaecological outpatient department of the Vienna General Hospital [VGH; Allgemeinen Krankenhauses Wien (AKH)] in the period from 20...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980522/ultrasound-imaging-in-urogynecology-state-of-the-art-2016
#11
Michał Bogusiewicz
The role of ultrasound imaging in urogynecology is not clearly defined. Despite significant developments in visualization techniques and interpretation of images, pelvic ultrasound is still more a tool for research than for clinical practice. Structures of the lower genitourinary tract and pelvic floor can be visualized from different approaches: transperineal, introital, transvaginal, abdominal or endoanal. According to contemporary guidelines and recommendations, the role of ultrasound in urogynecology is limited to the measurement of post-void residue...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932079/urinary-continence-outcomes-following-vaginoplasty-in-patients-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#12
John Stites, Kerlly J Bernabé, Denise Galan, Diane Felsen, Dix P Poppas
BACKGROUND: Feminizing genitoplasty techniques have diversified to encompass the spectrum of atypical genitalia in 46,XX congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients. However, long-term outcomes evaluating postoperative continence following complex vaginoplasty remain scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to review our surgical experience and assess postoperative urinary continence outcomes in CAH patients following complex, primary vaginoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed CAH patients who underwent complex, primary vaginoplasty at a single center by a single surgeon from 1996 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886590/pelvic-floor-dynamics-during-high-impact-athletic-activities-a-computational-modeling-study
#13
Nicholas Dias, Yun Peng, Rose Khavari, Nissrine A Nakib, Robert M Sweet, Gerald W Timm, Arthur G Erdman, Timothy B Boone, Yingchun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence is a significant problem in young female athletes, but the pathophysiology remains unclear because of the limited knowledge of the pelvic floor support function and limited capability of currently available assessment tools. The aim of our study is to develop an advanced computer modeling tool to better understand the dynamics of the internal pelvic floor during highly transient athletic activities. METHODS: Apelvic model was developed based on high-resolution MRI scans of a healthy nulliparous young female...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847256/hypospadias-repair-with-the-glanular-frenular-collar-gfc-technique
#14
Hüseyin Özbey, Şeref Etker
BACKGROUND: In the normal human penis, the glans wings merge in the midline ventrally, but are separated by the 'septum glandis' in conjunction with the frenulum. The frenulum is also included in the formation of the distal (glanular and subcoronal) urethra, which has a special part known as the 'fossa navicularis'. This has inspired a hypospadias repair technique that simulates the development of the glanular and subcoronal urethra, which can be incorporated into the repair of all cases of hypospadias...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778369/is-bladder-neck-and-urethral-mobility-associated-with-urinary-incontinence-and-mode-of-delivery-4-years-after-childbirth
#15
Ingrid Volløyhaug, Isabelle van Gruting, Kim van Delft, Abdul H Sultan, Ranee Thakar
AIMS: To study changes in bladder neck, urethral mobility and urinary incontinence (UI) from pregnancy to 4 years postpartum and demonstrate any association to mode of delivery or presence of levator ani muscle (LAM) injury. Secondly, we aimed to correlate bladder neck and urethral mobility to UI symptoms. METHODS: Prospective study of 180 women, recruited in their first pregnancy and followed up 1 and/or 4 years postpartum. UI symptoms were assessed with a validated questionnaire...
October 24, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739563/rare-metastatic-sites-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-urethra-and-spermatic-cord
#16
Giacomo M Pirola, Eugenio Martorana, Francesco A Fidanza, Luca Reggiani Bonetti, Stefano Puliatti, Alessandra Bonora, Salvatore Micali, Giampaolo Bianchi
INTRODUCTION: About 20% of patients with a diagnosis of primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) present directly with metastatic disease. The aim of the present manuscript is to describe, for the first time a RCC metastasis located to the distal female urethra and to present an update on metastatic locations to the male spermatic cord. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report two cases of rare RCC metastases. The first concerns a 92-year-old female patient who came to our attention for recurrent urethral bleeding, which was initially believed to be secondary to urethral mucosal ectropion...
November 18, 2016: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561429/dermal-patch-graft-correction-of-severe-chordee-secondary-to-penile-corporal-body-disproportion-without-urethral-division-in-boys-without-hypospadias
#17
M R Zaontz, G E Dean
Historically, significant ventral penile curvature secondary to corporal body disproportion has been corrected either by dorsal plication or division of the urethral plate. In the rare situations where there is severe chordee in the face of an intact urethra with an orthotopic meatus, division of the urethral plate is commonly performed at the time of grafting the ventral defect created by incising the tunica albuginea. Subsequently, a staged procedure is necessary to reconnect the urethra at a later date. Herein the authors present a novel technique that shows it is possible to perform successful dermal patch orthoplasty without division of the urethra in patients with a normal orthotopic meatus and urethra via urethral mobilization...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470030/transurethral-ventral-buccal-mucosa-graft-inlay-urethroplasty-for-reconstruction-of-fossa-navicularis-and-distal-urethral-strictures-surgical-technique-and-preliminary-results
#18
Dmitriy Nikolavsky, Mourad Abouelleil, Michael Daneshvar
OBJECTIVES: To introduce a novel surgical technique for the reconstruction of distal urethral strictures using buccal mucosal graft (BMG) through a transurethral approach. METHODS: A retrospective institution chart review was conducted of all the patients who underwent a transurethral ventral BMG inlay urethroplasty from March 2014 to March 2016. Patients with greater than one-year follow-up were included. Steps of the procedure: transurethral ventral wedge resection of the stenosed segment and transurethral delivery and spread fixation of appropriate BMG inlay into the resultant urethrotomy...
November 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378618/intermittent-urethral-catheterisation-the-reality-of-the-lubricants-and-catheters-in-the-clinical-practice-of-a-brazilian-service
#19
Alessandra Mazzo, Gabriel Luiz Pecci, Laís Fumincelli, Roberta Corsini Neves, Rachel Cristina Rodrigues Dos Santos, Marcelo Ferreira Cassini, Silvio Tucci
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify how catheters and lubricants have been used among patients using intermittent urinary catheterisation in rehabilitation. BACKGROUND: The clean intermittent urinary catheterisation technique is an invasive procedure can cause discomfort, pain and urethral traumas. The use of lubricants and lubricated urinary catheters reduces the friction between the catheter and the urethral mucosa, minimising the risks. DESIGN: A descriptive exploratory design was used...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293284/minimally-invasive-surgery-under-fluoro-navigation-for-anterior-pelvic-ring-fractures
#20
Kai-Hua Zhou, Cong-Feng Luo, Nong Chen, Cheng-Fang Hu, Fu-Gen Pan
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pelvic fractures in trauma patients is reported to be 3-8.2%, with roughly half of these fractures being caused by high energy injuries with a potential for catastrophic hemorrhage and death. Indications for internal fixation of anterior pelvic ring are controversial. Because of fears of disturbing the pelvic hematoma and causing additional hemorrhage, open reduction and internal fixation of pelvic ring disruption is routinely delayed. In contrast to conventional surgery, percutaneous screw fixation is gaining popularity in the treatment of pelvic and acetabular fractures mainly because of minimal soft tissue damage, less operative blood loss, early surgical intervention and comfortable mobilization of the patient...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
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