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burn surgery

Sean Burn, Andrea Stone, Sally Strange, Richard Seip, Darren Tishler, Tara McLaughlin, Pavlos Papasavas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Rolando Saavedra O, Fresia Solís F, Carmina Domic C
INTRODUCTION: Children scalded by the tearing of hot-water bottles presented a sudden and significa tive increase around 2000 in Chile. For this reason the Aid to Burned Children Corporation (COA-NIQUEM) publicized prevention concepts concerning the careful use of this device and raised a voice of alarm to authorities. Later, the National Normalization Institute introduced quality certification standards for hot water bottles sold in the country. OBJECTIVES: Determine the impact of preventive measures and quality certification for hot water bottles in burns caused by tearing of the device on children...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Paul M Gittings, Dana A Hince, Benedict M Wand, Fiona M Wood, Dale W Edgar
External stabilization is reported to improve reliability of hand held dynamometry, yet this has not been tested in burns. We aimed to assess the reliability of dynamometry using an external system of stabilization in people with moderate burn injury and explore construct validity of strength assessment using dynamometry.Participants were assessed on muscle and grip strength three times on each side. Assessment occurred three times per week for up to four weeks. Within session reliability was assessed using intraclass correlations calculated for within session data grouped prior to surgery, immediately after surgery and in the sub-acute phase of injury...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Farrukh Aslam Khalid, Usman Khalid Farooq, Muhammad Saleem, Jibran Rabbani, Muhammad Amin, Kamal Uddin Khan, Younas Mehrose, Moazzam N Tarar
BACKGROUND: The ear is the common site for keloid formation especially in women after ear piercing. Surgery is the main stay of treatment in these lesions but there are large numbers of treatment failures in surgery alone. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of post-excision intralesional 5-fluorouracil/triamcinolone acetonide (5-FU/TAC) and post-excision radiotherapy in the treatment of ear keloids. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
March 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Masakatsu Hihara, Takashi Matsushima, Yoshihito Tanaka, Yutaka Ogawa, Natsuko Kakudo, Kenji Kusumoto
Objective: When hands suffer burns, the tendons and digital bones are rarely injured because of the quick withdrawal reflex away from the heat source. Hence, a consensus of opinion regarding the treatment of severe hand burns with osseous blood flow deficiency has not been reached among clinicians. Methods: The patient was a 28-year-old woman whose fingers were accidentally soaked in heated cooking oil (160°C-170°C) for approximately 1 minute. The result was fourth-degree (extending to the tendon) digital burns of the distal end of the proximal interphalangeal joint with blood flow deficiency to the skin, tendon, and bone...
2018: Eplasty
A D Rogers, M Saggaf, N Ziolkowski
BACKGROUND: Patients with extensive burn injuries are susceptible to a host of accompanying adverse effects should they develop perioperative hypothermia, which occurs in up to ¼ of all major burn cases. This quality improvement project aimed to reduce the incidence of perioperative hypothermia to below 10% of cases in patients with major burn (Total Body Surface Area [TBSA] >15%), within a one year period. METHODS: A baseline diagnostic phase was undertaken to provide a greater understanding of the incidence, natural history and risk factors of perioperative hypothermia...
March 7, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Yue Wu, Haihui Zhang, Bingxi Zhou, Shuangyin Han, Yanrui Zhang
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the treatment of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 58 patients who suffered from early esophageal and precancerous lesions and received ESD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2012 to January 2016. The clinical efficacy and safety of ESD in treating the early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions was evaluated by analyzing the operation successful rate, postoperative pathology, complications, and follow-up data of patients who received ESD...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Tarek Abulezz, Hussein A Fadaak
In poor communities, patients may suffer from health problems requiring special management that cannot be provided locally because of lack of equipment and/or expertise. Children with craniofacial anomalies represent one of these challenging problems. Visiting medical missionary teams have attempted to address these issues for a long time. This article highlights healthcare difficulties in one of the third-world countries with personally based trials for providing free surgeries in tough situation and with hardly available diagnostic and therapeutic facilities...
March 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Qing Zhao Ruan, Justin B Cohen, Yoonji Baek, Patrick Bletsis, Arthur R Celestin, Sherise Epstein, Alexandra E M Bucknor, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Conflict of interest among physicians in the context of private industry funding led to the introduction of the Physician Payments Sunshine Act in 2010. This study examined whether private industry funding correlated with scholarly productivity in the respective subspecialties of plastic surgery and the wider academic plastic surgery community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Full-time plastic surgeons and their academic attributes were identified via institutional websites...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Laurenz Weitgasser, Ali Bahsoun, Amro Amr, Michael Brandstetter, Friedrich Knam, Thomas Schoeller
Breast deformity, in post-burn patients, is a common problem leading to lower self-esteem and reclusive behavior that impairs quality of life. The authors present the course of treatment of an 18-year-old immigrant girl who suffered second- to third-degree burns over approximately 20% of her total body surface area in her early childhood. The second- to third-degree burns were located on her right trunk and abdomen, as well as her right shoulder, neck, and right groin area. Since it was not offered in her home country, reconstructive surgery, including microsurgical breast reconstruction, was sought abroad...
March 5, 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Hahn-Sol Bae, Mu-Young Lee, Ji-Ung Park
RATIONAL: Burns at the site of the return electrode (i.e., grounding pad) are possible effects of electrosurgery. Despite this knowledge, however, ignorance or negligence with regards to proper handling of the grounding pads still often occurs. Burn injuries can be easily prevented by taking the necessary precautions; thus, during plastic surgery, careful attention should to be paid. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old female patient was admitted to our ward to be performed augmentation mammoplasty...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eugenia Iglesias, Ravin Sajnani, Roy C Levitt, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency and risk factors for persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) after cataract surgery, defined as mild or greater dry eye (DE)-like symptoms 6 months after surgery. METHODS: This single-center study included 86 individuals who underwent cataract surgery between June and October 2016 and had DE symptom information available 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: controls were defined as those without DE symptoms 6 months after surgery (defined by a Dry Eye Questionnaire 5 (DEQ5) score <6), cases were defined as those with mild or greater DE-like symptoms 6 months after surgery (DEQ5 ≥6)...
December 7, 2017: Cornea
Oisín Conaty, Leah Gaughan, Colum Downey, Noreen Carolan, Megan Joanne Brophy, Ruth Kavanagh, Deborah A A McNamara, Edmond Smyth, Karen Burns, Fidelma Fitzpatrick
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to improve surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) prescribing in orthopaedic surgery using the model for improvement framework. Design/methodology/approach Orthopaedic patients receiving joint replacements, hip fracture repairs or open-reduction internal-fixation procedures were included. Antimicrobial(s); dose, time of administration and duration of SAP were evaluated for appropriateness based on the local SAP guidelines. After baseline data collection, a driver diagram was constructed with interventions devised for plan-do-study-act cycles...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Victor Charoenrook, Ralph Michael, Maria Fideliz de la Paz, José Temprano, Rafael I Barraquer
PURPOSE: To compare the anatomical and the functional results between osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) and keratoprosthesis using tibial bone autograft (Tibial bone KPro). METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 258 patients; 145 had OOKP whereas 113 had Tibial bone KPro implanted. Functional success was defined as best corrected visual acuity ≥0.05 on decimal scale and anatomical success as retention of the keratoprosthesis lamina. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were calculated for anatomical and functional survival as well as to estimate the probability of post-op complications...
February 28, 2018: Ocular Surface
Ho Jun Lee, Yong Ju Jang
Hypertrophic scars and keloids are fibroproliferative disorders that may arise after any deep cutaneous injury caused by trauma, burns, surgery, etc. Hypertrophic scars and keloids are cosmetically problematic, and in combination with functional problems such as contractures and subjective symptoms including pruritus, these significantly affect patients' quality of life. There have been many studies on hypertrophic scars and keloids; but the mechanisms underlying scar formation have not yet been well established, and prophylactic and treatment strategies remain unsatisfactory...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Branislav Kollar, Bohdan Pomahac
Hundred years ago, Sir Harold Gillies laid a foundation to the modern plastic surgery trying to reconstruct facial defects of severely disfigured soldiers of World War I. Some years later, Joseph Murray experimented with rejection of skin grafts aimed for treatment of burned patients who sustained their injuries on battlefields of World War II. In 1954, the acquired expertise and intensive research allowed him to perform the first successful kidney transplantation in the world at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston...
February 25, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Erica Y Xue, Laurel K Chandler, Stephen L Viviano, Jonathan D Keith
OBJECTIVE: Forward-looking infrared (FLIR) thermography technology uses a handheld camera that measures skin infrared emissivity, captures photographs, and can be analyzed through specialized software. Forward-looking infrared images can be used to analyze and correlate burn wound temperature with burn depth, burn progression, and the number of days needed for healing. FLIR ONE is a miniature, smartphone-compatible thermal imaging camera that has been used to assess inflammation in diabetic foot ulcers, as well as locating perforators in flap surgery...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Paola Indovina, Daniela Barone, Luigi Gallo, Andrea Chirico, Giuseppe De Pietro, Giordano Antonio
OBJECTIVES: This review aims to provide a framework for evaluating the utility of virtual reality (VR) as a distraction intervention to alleviate pain and distress during medical procedures. We firstly describe the theoretical bases underlying the VR analgesic and anxiolytic effects and define the main factors contributing to its efficacy, which largely emerged from studies on healthy volunteers. Then, we provide a comprehensive overview of the clinical trials using VR distraction during different medical procedures, such as burn injury treatments, chemotherapy, surgery, dental treatment, and other diagnostic and therapeutic procedures...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Jun Takeshita, Kei Nishiyama, Atsushi Fukumoto, Suguru Ohira, Satoru Beppu, Nozomu Sasahashi, Nobuaki Shime
BACKGROUND: Although median sternotomy is standard during cardiac surgery, the procedure is associated with a risk of injury to mediastinal organs. Here, we discuss two cases of tracheal injury following median sternotomy during cardiac surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: Ventilation failure occurred in a 78-year-old Japanese man and a 71-year-old Japanese man after median sternotomy, and tracheal injury was identified. The sites of injury were directly repaired and covered with mediastinal fat tissue, following which ventilation was successful...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Aaron D C Knox, Jessica G Shih, Richard J Warren, Mirko S Gilardino, Dimitri J Anastakis
BACKGROUND: Transitioning to competency-based surgical training will require consensus regarding the scope of plastic surgery and expectations of operative ability for graduating residents. Identifying surgical procedures experts deemed most important in preparing graduates for independent practice (i.e., "core" procedures), and those that are less important or deemed more appropriate for fellowship training (i.e., "noncore" procedures), will focus instructional and assessment efforts...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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