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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761017/violence-health-and-the-2030-agenda-merging-evidence-and-implementation
#1
Bandy X Lee, Peter D Donnelly, Larry Cohen, Shikha Garg
The Guest Editors introduce the Special Issue for the Journal of Public Health Policy on violence, health, and the 2030 Agenda. Emphasizing the importance of collaboration between scholars and practitioners, they outline the process of jointly imagining and designing the next generation of violence prevention strategies. They include representative works of members of the World Health Organization (WHO) Violence Prevention Alliance (VPA), including the World Bank, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevention Institute, the Danish Institute Against Torture, the University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Gender Violence and Health Centre, and the Yale University Law and Psychiatry Division, among others...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758830/the-scientific-agreement-on-firearm-issues
#2
David Hemenway, Elizabeth P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: No one has systematically collected the views of firearm researchers to determine if and where agreement exists on the scientific evidence about firearms and firearm violence. METHODS: We send a short monthly on-line survey to firearm researchers. Each survey asks respondents their level of agreement with a statement about firearms, their rating of the quality of the scientific evidence on the specific issue, their familiarity with that literature and their area of expertise...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730795/do-legal-issues-deserve-space-in-specialty-medical-journals
#3
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638239/violence-health-and-the-2030-agenda-merging-evidence-and-implementation
#4
EDITORIAL
Bandy X Lee, Peter D Donnelly, Larry Cohen, Shikha Garg
The Guest Editors introduce the Special Issue for the Journal of Public Health Policy on violence, health, and the 2030 Agenda. Emphasizing the importance of collaboration between scholars and practitioners, they outline the process of jointly imagining and designing the next generation of violence prevention strategies. They include representative works of members of the World Health Organization (WHO) Violence Prevention Alliance (VPA), including the World Bank, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevention Institute, the Danish Institute Against Torture, the University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Gender Violence and Health Centre, and the Yale University Law and Psychiatry Division, among others...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587443/vulnerable-subjects-why-does-informed-consent-matter
#5
Michele Goodwin
This special issue of the Journal Law, Medicine & Ethics takes up the concern of informed consent, particularly in times of controversy. The dominant moral dilemmas that frame traditional bioethical concerns address medical experimentation on vulnerable subjects; physicians assisting their patients in suicide or euthanasia; scarce resource allocation and medical futility; human trials to develop drugs; organ and tissue donation; cloning; xenotransplantation; abortion; human enhancement; mandatory vaccination; and much more...
September 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491238/-acupoint-selection-laws-for-massage-therapy-of-infantile-anorexia-an-analysis-based-on-data-mining
#6
Kai Liu, Wang Jie, Yan-guo Wang
Massage prescriptions for treating infantile anorexia in Chinese Academic Journal Full-Text Database (CNKI, 1979-2012), Chinese Scientific and Technological Journal Full-Text Database (VIP, 1989-2012) and Wanfang Database (1990-2012) were collected. By using Chinese Medicine Inheritance Auxiliary Platform (Version 2.0) Software, 286 massage prescriptions for treatment of infantile anorexia were screened involved 76 acupoints, 20 commonly used acupoints, and 57 core acupoint combinations. Infantile Tuina specific points were used as main acupoints in massage therapy for infantile anorexia, and core acupoints covered Jizhu, Pi meridian, abdomen, Nei-Bagua, Zusanli (ST36), and Ban-men...
June 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378748/family-caregivers-as-partners-in-care-transitions-the-caregiver-advise-record-and-enable-act
#7
Eric A Coleman
The objective of this Perspective was to provide guidance to hospitalists and hospital clinical leadership on how to implement the Caregiver Advise Record and Enable (CARE) Act, which has been passed into law in 30 US states and territories. Specifically, the objective is 3-fold: (1) increase awareness among hospitalists and encourage them to begin to prepare for implementation, (2) explore the impetus for this legislation, and (3) provide a list of suggested resources geared to both family caregivers and healthcare professionals that may be helpful in preparation for implementing the CARE Act...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323610/-cluster-analysis-of-medication-laws-for-treating-coronary-heart-disease-by-distinguished-veteran-doctors-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#8
Yi Ren, Zhi-qiang Chen, Min-zhou Zhang, Li-heng Guo, De-ying He
OBJECTIVE: To provide inspiration and ideas for clinical treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) by data mining technology based frequency analysis and cluster analysis of medical records, prescriptions and herbs in treating CHD by distinguished veteran doctors of traditional Chinese Dedicine (TCM). METHODS: Totally 386 medical cases were retrieved from Wanfang Data, Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP medical information resources system, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Typical Collections of Medical Cases by Contemporary Distinguished Veteran Doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323609/-analysis-of-medication-laws-for-chinese-medicine-treating-hypertension-patients-with-yin-defi-ciency-yang-hyperactivity-syndrome-based-on-literatures
#9
REVIEW
Ning Ma, Ya-zhu Hou, Xian-liang Wang, Jing-yuan Mao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze medication laws of Chinese medicine (CM) treatment in hypertension patients with yin deficiency yang hyperactivity syndrome. METHODS: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, Jan. 1979-Dec 2014), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP, Jan 1989-Dec2014), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM, Jan.1978-Dec.2014), Wanfang Database (Jan 1990-Dec 2014) were retrieved by using "hypertension", "CM", "Chinese herbs", "syndrome" as keywords...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278445/proceedings-of-the-international-summit-on-human-gene-editing-a-global-discussion-washington-d-c-december-1-3-2015
#10
Andrew R LaBarbera
The US Academies of Sciences and Medicine, the Royal Society, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences convened a summit of experts in biology, medicine, law, ethics, sociology, and journalism, in December 2015 to review the state of the art in gene editing technology and discuss the medical and social ramifications of the technologies. The summit concluded with the following consensus recommendations: (1) intensive basic and preclinical research in animal and human models should proceed with appropriate legal and ethical oversight; (2) clinical applications in somatic cells must be rigorously evaluated within existing and evolving regulatory frameworks for gene therapy; (3) it would be irresponsible to proceed with any clinical use of germline editing until relevant safety and efficacy issues have been resolved and there is broad societal consensus about such a use; and (4) the international community should strive to establish generally acceptable uses of human germline editing...
September 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178191/structural-competency-in-the-u-s-healthcare-crisis-putting-social-and-policy-interventions-into-clinical-practice
#11
H Hansen, J Metzl
This symposium of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry illustrates structural competency: how clinical practitioners can intervene on social and institutional determinants of health. It will require training clinicians to see and act on structural barriers to health, to adapt imaginative structural approaches from fields outside of medicine, and to collaborate with disciplines and institutions outside of medicine. Case studies of effective work on all of these levels are presented in this volume. The contributors exemplify structural competency from many angles, from the implications of epigenetics for environmental intervention in personalized medicine to the ways clinicians can act on fundamental causes of disease, address abuses of power in clinical training, racially desegregate cities to reduce health disparities, address the systemic causes of torture by police, and implement harm-reduction programs for addiction in the face of punitive drug laws...
June 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147556/the-inverted-u-curve-and-emergency-medicine-overdiagnosis-and-the-law-of-unintended-consequences
#12
Daniel M Fatovich
We all think and assume that more is better, but unintended consequences can arise in a complex system. However, in our complex world, everything of consequence follows an inverted U curve. The inverted U curve helps us challenge our natural assumption that more is better. This leads us to the issue of overdiagnosis and the harms that result. Journals are now publishing lists of studies where more medical care caused harm. Changing diagnostic thresholds together with the fear of uncertainty by both patients and doctors has a synergistic and costly effect on the health system...
August 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127250/david-mechanic-professional-zombie-hunter
#13
Frederic W Hafferty, Jon Tilburt
Within the fields of medicine and sociology, the descriptor "profession" (along with its brethren: profession, professionalization, and professionalism) has had a rich etymological history, with terms taking on different meanings at different times-sometimes trespassing into shibboleth and jargon. This etymological journey has co-evolved with the career of David Mechanic to whom this issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law is devoted. We exploit a provocative metaphor applied to Mechanic's work on the challenges facing medicine as a profession as a playful exegesis on what we call "profession" to excavate an ensconced and encrusted domain of health jargon operating at the tensive interface of society and modern medical work...
August 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001969/arterial-stiffening-in-perspective-advances-in-physical-and-physiological-science-over-centuries
#14
REVIEW
Michael F O'Rourke, Caroline O'Brien, Elazer R Edelman
Arterial stiffening is not a new issue in medicine or research but was the prime concern of Richard Bright in the early 19th century and of the prominent London physicians and pathologists who tried to unscramble the relationship between kidney, heart, and cerebrovascular disease and hardness of the pulse in the late 19th century. It was of major concern to medical educators including Osler and Mackenzie who were still active in practice 100 years ago. It is all too easy (when dependent on the Internet) to consider arterial stiffness to be a new issue...
July 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26790229/-characteristics-of-acupoint-application-for-the-sub-healthy-condition-treated-with-ancient-and-modern-acupuncture-based-on-data-mining-exploration
#15
Liyan Cai, Jie Wu, Tingting Ma, Lijie Yang
The acupoint selection was retrieved from the ancient and modern literature on the treatment of sub-healthy condition with acupuncture. The law of acupoint application was analyzed so as to provide a certain reference to the determination of acupoint prescription in clinical acupuncture. The ancient literature was retrieved from Chinese basic ancient literature database. The modern literature was retrieved from Cochrane Library, Medline, PubMed, Ovid evidence-based medicine database, Chinese biomedical literature database, China journal full-text database, VIP journal full-text database and Wanfang database...
October 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26556140/a-buyer-s-market-fixing-the-price-for-human-ova-for-assisted-reproduction
#16
Sandra H Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26339849/bradford-s-law-identification-of-the-core-journals-for-neurosurgery-and-its-subspecialties
#17
REVIEW
Garrett T Venable, Brandon A Shepherd, Christopher M Loftis, S Gray McClatchy, Mallory L Roberts, Meghan E Fillinger, James B Tansey, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE: Bradford's law describes the scatter of citations for a given subject or field. It can be used to identify the most highly cited journals for a field or subject. The objective of this study was to use currently accepted formulations of Bradford's law to identify core journals of neurosurgery and neurosurgical subspecialties. METHODS: All original research publications from 2009 to 2013 were analyzed for the top 25 North American academic neurosurgeons from each subspecialty...
February 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26242959/what-will-it-take-to-address-the-global-threat-of-antibiotic-resistance
#18
Steven J Hoffman, Kevin Outterson
In March 2015, the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation convened a workshop in Uppsala, Sweden to address questions about antibiotic resistance, in partnership with the Global Strategy Lab, the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics (JLME), the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, and ReAct - Action on Antibiotic Resistance. Eleven concise articles were commissioned to explore whether ABR depended on global collective action, and if so, what tools could help states and non-state actors to achieve it. This article introduces that collection, which is found in an online-only symposium at aslme...
2015: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26153205/clarifying-evidence-based-medicine-in-educational-and-therapeutic-experiences-of-clinical-faculty-members-a-qualitative-study-in-iran
#19
Yahya Safari
INTRODUCTION: Although evidence-based medicine has been a significant part of recent research efforts to reform the health care system, it requires an assessment of real life community and patient. The present study strives to clarify the concept of evidence-based medicine in educational and therapeutic experiences of clinical faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (2014). MATERIALS & METHODS: It was a qualitative study of phenomenology. The population consists of 12 clinical faculty members of Kermanshah University Medical Sciences...
2015: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25842175/web-2-0-applications-in-medicine-trends-and-topics-in-the-literature
#20
Christophe Boudry
BACKGROUND: The World Wide Web has changed research habits, and these changes were further expanded when "Web 2.0" became popular in 2005. Bibliometrics is a helpful tool used for describing patterns of publication, for interpreting progression over time, and the geographical distribution of research in a given field. Few studies employing bibliometrics, however, have been carried out on the correlative nature of scientific literature and Web 2.0. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this bibliometric analysis was to provide an overview of Web 2...
2015: Medicine 2.0
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