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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691208/the-use-of-digital-and-remote-communication-technologies-as-a-tool-for-multiple-sclerosis-management-narrative-review
#1
Martin Marziniak, Giampaolo Brichetto, Peter Feys, Uta Meyding-Lamadé, Karen Vernon, Sven G Meuth
Despite recent advances in multiple sclerosis (MS) care, many patients only infrequently access health care services, or are unable to access them easily, for reasons such as mobility restrictions, travel costs, consultation and treatment time constraints, and a lack of locally available MS expert services. Advances in mobile communications have led to the introduction of electronic health (eHealth) technologies, which are helping to improve both access to and the quality of health care services. As the Internet is now readily accessible through smart mobile devices, most people can take advantage of eHealth apps...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691158/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-an-online-cardiac-rehabilitation-resource-www-svhhearthealth-com-au-in-improving-knowledge-and-confidence-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-cardiac-conditions-a-pre-experimental-pilot-study
#2
Nikki Molan, Sam Emmanuel, Tamra Langley, Cameron J Holloway
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an important tool for the secondary prevention of cardiac disease. Despite its proven effectiveness, CR remains vastly under-utilised especially amongst the most disadvantaged patients. As an adjunct to CR, the St Vincent's Heart Health website (SVHHH) was created by the St Vincent's Hospital CR team to provide information via simplified medical text, videos and animations. We evaluated the effectiveness of the website in educating patients about their heart condition...
March 27, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691097/remote-monitoring-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices
#3
Christopher C Cheung, Marc W Deyell
Over the past decade, technological advancements have transformed the delivery of care for arrhythmia patients. From early transtelephonic monitoring to new devices capable of wireless and cellular transmission, remote monitoring has revolutionized device care. In this article, we review the current evolution and evidence for remote monitoring in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices. From passive transmission of device diagnostics, to active transmission of patient- and device-triggered alerts, remote monitoring can shorten the time to diagnosis and treatment...
January 8, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691070/erratum-to-the-effectiveness-of-remote-monitoring-of-elderly-patients-after-hospitalisation-for-heart-failure-the-renewing-health-european-project-int-j-cardiol-257-2018-137-142
#4
Zoran Olivari, Sara Giacomelli, Lorenzo Gubian, Silvia Mancin, Elisa Visentin, Vincenzo Di Francesco, Sabino Iliceto, Michelangelo Penzo, Albino Zanocco, Carlo Marcon, Maurizio Anselmi, Domenico Marchese, Panagiotis Stafylas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690569/geriatric-helper-an-mhealth-application-to-support-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#5
Samuel Silva, Rafael Felgueiras, Ilídio C Oliveira
The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is a multidisciplinary diagnosis approach that considers several dimensions of fragility in older adults to develop an individualized plan to improve their overall health. Despite the evidence of its positive impact, CGA is still applied by a reduced number of professionals in geriatric care in many countries, mostly using a paper-based approach. In this context, we collaborate with clinicians to bring CGA to the attention of more healthcare professionals and to enable its easier application in clinical settings by proposing a mobile application, Geriatric Helper, to act as a pocket guide that is easy to update remotely with up-to-date information, and that acts as a tool for conducting CGA...
April 22, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690534/a-system-based-on-the-internet-of-things-for-real-time-particle-monitoring-in-buildings
#6
Gonçalo Marques, Cristina Roque Ferreira, Rui Pitarma
Occupational health can be strongly influenced by the indoor environment as people spend 90% of their time indoors. Although indoor air quality (IAQ) is not typically monitored, IAQ parameters could be in many instances very different from those defined as healthy values. Particulate matter (PM), a complex mixture of solid and liquid particles of organic and inorganic substances suspended in the air, is considered the pollutant that affects more people. The most health-damaging particles are the ≤PM10 (diameter of 10 microns or less), which can penetrate and lodge deep inside the lungs, contributing to the risk of developing cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, as well as of lung cancer...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688206/-exoprosthetic-repair-of-the-ascending-portion-of-the-aorta-midterm-results
#7
A M Cherniavskiĭ, D A Sirota, M M Liashenko, S A Al'sov, D S Khvan
The authors analyse herein their experience gained in performing the operation of exoprosthetic repair of the ascending portion of the aorta in patients presenting with an ascending aortic aneurysm. This is followed by assessing the results in the remote period. Over the period of follow up from 2012 to 2016 a total of 23 interventions were performed. The average duration of postoperative follow up amounted to 27±9.4 (2-40) months. In the remote period we managed to obtain the data for 20 (90.1%) patients...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682360/infant-oral-mutilation
#8
Emily A Pope, Michael W Roberts, E LaRee Johnson, Clark L Morris
Ebinyo refers to the practice of removing primary canine tooth follicles in infants without anesthetic by African traditional healers or elders using unsterilized instruments. This report describes a case of ebinyo or infant oral mutilation (IOM) and associated sequelae in a child adopted from a remote African tribe. The intraoral examination revealed that the patient was missing his primary maxillary and mandibular canines. The maxillary anterior periapical radiograph displayed a dysmorphic ectopic unerupted maxillary right primary canine positioned mesial to the maxillary right primary first molar...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681244/orthopedic-knowledge-and-need-in-the-provincial-philippines-pilot-study-of-a-population-based-survey
#9
Christopher S Courtney, Thomas D Kirsch
IntroductionInterventions to reduce disability from acute orthopedic injuries require a primary assessment of knowledge and need. There are no previous studies to assess this need in the remote provincial islands of the Philippines, an area recurrently affected by natural disaster.ProblemA preliminary assessment of orthopedic knowledge and need was performed to be expanded for regional or national implementation. METHODS: Two independent surveys were conducted of households and mid-level providers who represent the first contact of care...
April 23, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680803/review-of-economic-evaluations-of-teleophthalmology-as-a-screening-strategy-for-chronic-eye-disease-in-adults
#10
Noha Sharafeldin, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Aishwarya Sundaram, Sandy Campbell, Chris Rudnisky, Ezekiel Weis, Matthew T S Tennant, Karim F Damji
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Teleophthalmology is well positioned to play a key role in screening of major chronic eye diseases. Economic evaluation of cost-effectiveness of teleophthalmology, however, is lacking. This study provides a systematic review of economic studies of teleophthalmology screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR), glaucoma and macular degeneration. METHODS: Structured search of electronic databases and full article review yielded 20 cost-related articles...
April 21, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680564/status-of-coral-reefs-of-upolu-independent-state-of-samoa-in-the-south-west-pacific-and-recommendations-to-promote-resilience-and-recovery-of-coastal-ecosystems
#11
Maren Ziegler, Gaëlle Quéré, Jean-François Ghiglione, Guillaume Iwankow, Valérie Barbe, Emilie Boissin, Patrick Wincker, Serge Planes, Christian R Voolstra
Coral reef ecosystems worldwide are immediately threatened by the impacts of climate change. Here we report on the condition of coral reefs over 83 km of coastline at the island of Upolu, Samoa in the remote South West Pacific in 2016 during the Tara Pacific Expedition. Despite the distance to large urban centers, coral cover was extremely low (<1%) at approximately half of the sites and below 10% at 78% of sites. Two reef fish species, Acanthurus triostegus and Zanclus cornutus, were 10% smaller at Upolu than at neighboring islands...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678978/community-based-diagnosis-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-rural-and-urban-haiti-a-cross-sectional-prevalence-study
#12
Vincent DeGennaro, Stuart Malcolm, Lindsay Crompton, Krishna Vaddiparti, Lazarus K Mramba, Catherine Striley, Linda Cottler, Kellee Taylor, Robert Leverence
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease and their risk factors in a rural and urban region of Haiti. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community health workers enumerated 2648 households (909 rural and 1739 urban) via a multistage cluster random sampling method from July 2015 to May 2016, completed 705 rural and 1419 urban assessments for adults aged 25-65 years. OUTCOME MEASURES: We performed a WHO STEPS based questionnaire, measured two blood pressure values, weight, height, abdominal circumference and point of care test finger stick blood sample for haemoglobin A1c, creatinine and cholesterol (total, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides)...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678970/feasibility-of-personalised-remote-long-term-follow-up-of-people-with-cochlear-implants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Helen Cullington, Padraig Kitterick, Mark Weal, Magdalena Margol-Gromada
INTRODUCTION: Substantial resources are required to provide lifelong postoperative care to people with cochlear implants. Most patients visit the clinic annually. We introduced a person-centred remote follow-up pathway, giving patients telemedicine tools to use at home so they would only visit the centre when intervention was required. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of comparing a remote care pathway with the standard pathway in adults using cochlear implants...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678964/technology-enabled-examinations-of-cardiac-rhythm-optic-nerve-oral-health-tympanic-membrane-gait-and-coordination-evaluated-jointly-with-routine-health-screenings-an-observational-study-at-the-2015-kumbh-mela-in-india
#14
Pratik Shah, Gregory Yauney, Otkrist Gupta, Vincent Patalano Ii, Mrinal Mohit, Rikin Merchant, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: Technology-enabled non-invasive diagnostic screening (TES) using smartphones and other point-of-care medical devices was evaluated in conjunction with conventional routine health screenings for the primary care screening of patients. DESIGN: Dental conditions, cardiac ECG arrhythmias, tympanic membrane disorders, blood oxygenation levels, optic nerve disorders and neurological fitness were evaluated using FDA-approved advanced smartphone powered technologies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678216/detection-and-evaluation-of-groundwater-in-siwa-oasis-egypt-using-hydrogeochemical-and-remote-sensing-data-analysis
#15
Hassan Safaa, Ismail Esam
  The present study aims to detect and evaluate the groundwater quality in Siwa Oasis using chemical and remote sensing data analysis. To carry out this goal, the data of Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) images have been used to discriminate the lithological rock units. ALOS radar remote sensing data with spatial resolution 12.5 m has been used to emphasize the predominant fault trends as well as detection of the buried structures. The chemical analysis of 39 groundwater samples was used to evaluate the suitability of groundwater for drinking and irrigation purposes by comparing those parameters with World Health Organization standards...
May 1, 2018: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678189/accepting-telemedicine-in-a-circulatory-medicine-ward-in-major-hospitals-in-south-korea-patients-and-health-professionals-perception-of-real-time-electrocardiogram-monitoring
#16
Seo-Joon Lee, Tae-Young Jung, Tae-Ro Lee, Jae-Hoon Han
BACKGROUND: South Korean government is currently in progress of expanding the coverage of telemedicine projects as part of an attempt to vitalize service industry, but is facing fierce opposition from KMA. Practice of telemedicine requires sufficient discussions among related parties. Although the participation of medical specialists is important, agreement from the public is essential. METHODS: Three main tertiary care centers in Seoul were selected for data collection...
April 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677197/a-novel-statistical-method-for-assessing-effective-adherence-to-medication-and-calculating-optimal-drug-dosages
#17
Garrett Greene, Richard W Costello, Breda Cushen, Imran Sulaiman, Elaine Mac Hale, Ronan M Conroy, Frank Doyle
OBJECTIVE: We derive a novel model-based metric for effective adherence to medication, and validate it using data from the INhaler Compliance Assessment device (INCATM). This technique employs dose timing data to estimate the threshold drug concentration needed to maintain optimal health. METHODS: The parameters of the model are optimised against patient outcome data using maximum likelihood methods. The model is fitted and validated by secondary analysis of two independent datasets from two remote-monitoring studies of adherence, conducted through clinical research centres of 5 Irish hospitals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674964/botanical-provenance-of-traditional-medicines-from-carpathian-mountains-at-the-ukrainian-polish-border
#18
REVIEW
Weronika Kozlowska, Charles Wagner, Erin M Moore, Adam Matkowski, Slavko Komarnytsky
Plants were an essential part of foraging for food and health, and for centuries remained the only medicines available to people from the remote mountain regions. Their correct botanical provenance is an essential basis for understanding the ethnic cultures, as well as for chemical identification of the novel bioactive molecules with therapeutic effects. This work describes the use of herbal medicines in the Beskid mountain ranges located south of Krakow and Lviv, two influential medieval centers of apothecary tradition in the region...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674321/risk-of-myocardial-infarction-with-use-of-selected-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#19
Maureen Dubreuil, Qiong Louie-Gao, Christine E Peloquin, Hyon K Choi, Yuqing Zhang, Tuhina Neogi
OBJECTIVES: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) due to underlying inflammation and possibly due to medications such as certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We sought to describe MI risk among patients with SpA who were prescribed NSAIDs, and to compare the pattern of risk in SpA with that in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Nested case-control studies were performed using The Health Improvement Network (THIN)...
April 19, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673445/the-relationship-between-japanese-encephalitis-and-environmental-factors-in-china-explored-using-national-surveillance-data
#20
Xiao Xia Huang, Lei Yan, Xiao Yan Gao, Yu Huan Ren, Shi Hong Fu, Yu Xi Cao, Ying He, Wen Wen Lei, Guo Dong Liang, Shi Wen Wang, Huan Yu Wang
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a serious public health issue. This study was undertaken to better understand the relationship between JE distribution and environmental factors in China. JE data from 2005 to 2010 were retrieved from National Notifiable Disease Report System. ArcGIS, remote sensing techniques, and R software was used to exhibit and explore the relationship between JE distribution and environmental factors. Our results indicated that JE cases were mostly concentrated in warm-temperate, semitropical and tropical zones with annual precipitation > 400 mm; Broad-leaved evergreen forest, shrubs, paddy field, irrigated land, dryland, evergreen coniferous forest, and shrubland were risk factors for JE occurrence, and the former five were risk factors for counties with high JE incidence...
March 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
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