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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635345/avatar-assisted-therapy-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-of-a-novel-technology-based-intervention-to-treat-substance-use-disorders
#1
Michael S Gordon, Steven B Carswell, Mary Schadegg, Kayla Mangen, Kelly Merkel, Susan Tangires, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: Avatar-assisted therapy (AAT) is a novel and emerging technology that uses the Internet to enable clinicians and clients in substance abuse treatment to participate in group counseling sessions from separate and remote locations in real time through the use of avatars and virtual environments. OBJECTIVES: The current study is a pilot proof-of-concept feasibility study involving individuals in outpatient substance abuse treatment. This report addresses two questions: (1) are individuals who present for substance abuse treatment interested in receiving AAT and (2) what factors are associated with better treatment success...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629413/progressive-disability-in-elderly-population-among-tribals-of-telangana-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ajitha Katta, Anil Kumar Indira Krishna, Bagavandas M, Tomofumi Anegawa, Suresh Munuswamy
BACKGROUND: The tribal population of Telangana, India, lives in remote and difficult conditions. This study was carried out to find out estimate, the prevalence and progression of disability in elderly population among tribals of Khammam District, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population based cross sectional survey was conducted in villages of Tribal Sub Plan area. Elderly people who are 60 years or older were chosen with a two stage sampling procedure: (1) probability proportion to size was used to select clusters and (2) in each selected cluster households were selected by systematic random sampling...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#3
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628140/-correlation-study-between-respiratory-death-and-airborne-particles-in-beijing-spatiotemporal-analysis-based-on-satellite-remote-sensing-data
#4
X Y Wu, G X Li, X Y Wang, F C Liang, X C Pan
OBJECTIVE: To use vertical and humidity correcting method to calibrate aerosol optical depth (AOD), and to explore the feasibility of calibrated-AOD as exposure index to measure the level of air pollutants from the ground and to establish the exposure-response relationship between calibrated-AOD and people's health outcomes. METHODS: First of all, we interpolated AOD, PM2.5, relative humidity and planetary boundary layer height using Kriging method to obtain data at different locations and matched different data with respiratory death in Beijing by geographical coordinates...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627404/pattern-and-outcome-of-heart-failure-related-hospitalization-over-5-years-in-a-remote-australian-population-a-retrospective-administrative-data-cohort-of-617-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-cases
#5
Camilla Tuttle, Matthew Reeves, Ta-Chi Zhong Hu, Ashley K Keates, Stephen Brady, Graeme Maguire, Simon Stewart
AIMS: To understand the pattern and outcomes for heart failure (HF) related hospitalization among Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients living in Central Australia. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of administrative data for patients presenting with a primary or secondary diagnosis of HF to Central Australia's Alice Springs Hospital during 2008 to 2012 was performed. The population rate of admission and subsequent outcomes (including case-fatality and readmission) during the 5-year study period were examined...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626796/determining-underground-mining-work-postures-using-motion-capture-and-digital-human-modeling
#6
Timothy J Lutz, Joseph P DuCarme, Adam K Smith, Dean Ambrose
According to Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data, during 2008-2012 in the U.S., there were, on average, 65 lost-time accidents per year during routine mining and maintenance activities involving remote-controlled continuous mining machines (CMMs). To address this problem, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is currently investigating the implementation and integration of existing and emerging technologies in underground mines to provide automated, intelligent proximity detection (iPD) devices on CMMs...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621840/association-of-disease-specific-causes-of-visual-impairment-and-10-year-mortality-among-indigenous-australians-the-central-australian-ocular-health-study
#7
José Estevez, Georgia Kaidonis, Tim Henderson, Jamie E Craig, John Landers
IMPORTANCE: Visual impairment significantly impairs the length and quality of life but little is known of its impact in Indigenous Australians. BACKGROUND: To investigate the association of disease-specific causes of visual impairment with all-cause mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 1,347 Indigenous Australians aged over 40 years. METHODS: Participants visiting remote medical clinics underwent clinical examinations including visual acuity, subjective refraction and slit-lamp examination of the anterior and posterior segments...
June 16, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621259/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-falls-prevention-in-older-people-a-multicentre-cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-the-reducing-falls-with-orthoses-and-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-trial
#8
Sarah Cockayne, Sara Rodgers, Lorraine Green, Caroline Fairhurst, Joy Adamson, Arabella Scantlebury, Belen Corbacho, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Robin Hull, Anne-Maree Keenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a serious cause of morbidity and cost to individuals and society. Evidence suggests that foot problems and inappropriate footwear may increase the risk of falling. Podiatric interventions could help reduce falls; however, there is limited evidence regarding their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention for preventing falls in community-dwelling older people at risk of falling, relative to usual care...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618208/experiences-of-registered-nurses-transitioning-from-employment-in-acute-care-to-primary-health-care-quantitative-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Christine Ashley, Elizabeth Halcomb, Angela Brown, Kath Peters
AIM: To describe the experiences of registered nurses who transition from acute to primary health care (PHC) employment. BACKGROUND: Internationally the provision of health care in PHC settings is increasing. Nurses are moving from acute care employment to meet the growing demand for a PHC workforce. However, little is known about the transition experiences of these nurses. DESIGN: A sequential mixed methods study comprising a survey, and semi-structured interviews...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618108/chronic-respiratory-disease-in-the-regional-and-remote-population-of-the-northern-territory-top-end-a-perspective-from-the-specialist-respiratory-outreach-service
#10
Anuk Kruavit, Melissa Fox, Rebecca Pearson, Subash Heraganahally
OBJECTIVE: To study the demographic, rates and types of chronic respiratory conditions in Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients in regional and remote communities of Northern Territory Top End, who were referred to the specialist respiratory outreach service. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study over a 2 years period. SETTING: Remote community health clinics within the Northern Territory Top End visited by the specialist respiratory outreach team...
June 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614637/renal-telemedicine-through-video-as-a-service-delivered-to-patients-on-home-dialysis-a-qualitative-study-on-the-renal-care-team-members-experience
#11
Jae-Llane Ditchburn, Alison Marshall
BACKGROUND: The Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust in the UK has been providing renal care through video-as-a-service (VAAS) to patients since 2013, with support from the North West NHS Shared Infrastructure Service, a collaborative team that supports information and communication technology use in the UK National Health Service. INTRODUCTION: Renal telemedicine offered remotely to patients on home dialysis supports renal care through the provision of a live high-quality video link directly to unsupported patients undergoing haemodialysis at home...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614483/-public-health-impact-of-a-remote-diagnosis-system-implemented-in-regional-and-district-hospitals-in-paraguay
#12
Pedro Galván, Miguel Velázquez, Gualberto Benítez, José Ortellado, Ronald Rivas, Antonio Barrios, Enrique Hilario
Objective: Determine the viability of a remote diagnosis system implemented to provide health care to remote and scattered populations in Paraguay. Methods: The study was conducted in all regional and general hospitals in Paraguay, and in the main district hospitals in the country's 18 health regions. Clinical data, tomographic images, sonography, and electrocardiograms (ECGs) of patients who needed a diagnosis by a specialized physician were entered into the system...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614476/integrated-community-case-management-iccm-of-childhood-infection-saves-lives-in-hard-to-reach-communities-in-nicaragua
#13
Dixmer Rivera, Rashed Shah, Tanya Guenther, Meredith Adamo, Jeanne Koepsell, Carmen Maria Reyes, Mary McInerney, David R Marsh
Objective: To describe Nicaragua's integrated community case management (iCCM) program for hard-to-reach, rural communities and to evaluate its impact using monitoring data, including annual, census-based infant mortality data. Method: This observational study measured the strength of iCCM implementation and estimated trends in infant mortality during 2007-2013 in 120 remote Nicaraguan communities where brigadistas ("health brigadiers") offered iCCM services to children 2-59 months old...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614465/implementation-strategy-for-advanced-practice-nursing-in-primary-health-care-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#14
David Oldenburger, Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Ruta Kristina Valaitis, Andrea Baumann, Joyce Pulcini, Ruth Martin-Misener
SYNOPSIS Advanced practice nursing (APN) is a term used to describe a variety of possible nursing roles operating at an advanced level of practice. Historically, APN roles haves evolved informally, out of the need to improve access to health care services for at-risk and disadvantaged populations and for those living in underserved rural and remote communities. To address health needs, especially ones related to primary health care, nurses acquired additional skills through practice experience, and over time they developed an expanded scope of practice...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614392/psychometric-validation-of-the-household-food-insecurity-access-scale-among-inuit-pregnant-women-from-northern-quebec
#15
Lisa Teh, Catherine Pirkle, Chris Furgal, Myriam Fillion, Michel Lucas
BACKGROUND: Globally, food insecurity is a major public health concern. In North America, it is particularly prevalent in certain sub-groups, including Indigenous communities. Although many Indigenous and remote communities harvest and share food, most food security assessment tools focus on economic access. This study describes the psychometric evaluation of a modified Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), developed for mixed economies, to assess food insecurity among pregnant Inuit women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612635/wearable-sensors-can-they-benefit-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Fokko Pieter Wieringa, Natascha Broers, J P Kooman, Frank M van der Sande, Chris van Hoof
Introduction This article ponders upon wearable medical measurement devices in relation to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and its' associated comorbidities - and whether these might benefit CKD-patients. We aimed to map the intersection(s) of nephrology and wearable sensor technology to help technologists understand medical aspects, and clinicians to understand technological possibilities that are available (or soon will become so). Areas covered A structured literature search on main comorbidities and complications CKD patients suffer from, was used to steer mini-reviews on wearable sensor technologies clustered around 3 themes being: Cardiovascular-related, diabetes-related and physical fitness/frailty...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610590/a-continuous-quality-improvement-intervention-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-community-health-workers-providing-care-to-mothers-and-children-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-south-africa
#17
Christiane Horwood, Lisa Butler, Pierre Barker, Sifiso Phakathi, Lyn Haskins, Merridy Grant, Ntokozo Mntambo, Nigel Rollins
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) play key roles in delivering health programmes in many countries worldwide. CHW programmes can improve coverage of maternal and child health services for the most disadvantaged and remote communities, leading to substantial benefits for mothers and children. However, there is limited evidence of effective mentoring and supervision approaches for CHWs. METHODS: This is a cluster randomised controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of a continuous quality improvement (CQI) intervention amongst CHWs providing home-based education and support to pregnant women and mothers...
June 13, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609143/use-of-videoconferencing-for-lactation-consultation-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-mothers-acceptance-in-the-united-states
#18
Mona F Habibi, Cary M Springer, Marsha L Spence, Melissa B Hansen-Petrik, Katherine F Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal breastfeeding duration and exclusivity rates are a public health concern. Therefore, there is a need for identifying effective tools for use in interventions targeting specific barriers to optimal breastfeeding outcomes. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the relationship between acceptance of remote lactation consultation using videoconferencing and (a) maternal demographic factors, (b) technology acceptance subscales, (c) maternal learning style preferences, and (d) other potentially explanatory maternal factors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608613/remote-control-improves-quality-of-life-in-elderly-pacemaker-patients-versus-standard-ambulatory-based-follow-up
#19
Rosanna Irene Comoretto, Domenico Facchin, Marco Ghidina, Alessandro Proclemer, Dario Gregori
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) improves shortly after pacemaker (PM) implantation. No studies have investigated the HRQoL trend for elderly patients with a remote device monitoring follow-up system. METHODS: Using EuroQol-5D Questionnaire and the PM-specific Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events Questionnaire, HRQoL was measured at baseline and then repeatedly during the 6 months following PM implantation in a cohort of 42 consecutive patients...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607245/opportunities-in-oral-health-policy-for-timor-leste
#20
Lucio F Babo Soares, Silvana S Bettiol, Isaac J Dalla-Fontana, Penny Allen, Leonard A Crocombe
Timor-Leste faces an urgent set of challenges in oral health. The impact of oral diseases in terms of reduced quality of life and cost of treatment is considerable. This paper reviews progress on policy recommendations since the National Oral Health Survey in 2002, the first such national survey. Few proposals have been implemented to date, owing to (i) lack of local support for the recommendations, particularly on promotion of oral health; (ii) lack of financial and budgetary provisions for oral health; (iii) lack of focus on services, human resources and dental personnel; (iv) poor focus, design and implementation of policy and planning in oral health; and (v) lack of transport to facilitate health-care workers' access to remote areas...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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