Read by QxMD icon Read

fredericks ataxia

Kai Cai, Ronnie O Frederick, Marco Tonelli, John L Markley
Frataxin (FXN) is involved in mitochondrial iron‑sulfur (Fe-S) cluster biogenesis and serves to accelerate Fe-S cluster formation. FXN deficiency is associated with Friedreich ataxia, a neurodegenerative disease. We have used a combination of isothermal titration calorimetry and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy to investigate interactions among the components of the biological machine that carries out the assembly of iron‑sulfur clusters in human mitochondria. Our results show that FXN tightly binds a single Fe2+ but not Fe3+ ...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Chuan He Yang, Yinan Wang, Michelle Sims, Chun Cai, Ping He, Hans Häcker, Junming Yue, Jinjun Cheng, Frederick A Boop, Lawrence M Pfeffer
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a deadly and incurable brain tumor. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in regulating the cancer cell phenotype, the underlying mechanisms of how they regulate tumorigenesis are incompletely understood. We previously showed that miR-203a is expressed at relatively low levels in GBM patients, and ectopic miR-203a expression in GBM cell lines inhibited cell proliferation and migration, increased sensitivity to apoptosis induced by interferon (IFN) or temozolomide in vitro , and inhibited GBM tumorigenesis in vivo ...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Rohit A Panchakshari, Xuefei Zhang, Vipul Kumar, Zhou Du, Pei-Chi Wei, Jennifer Kao, Junchao Dong, Frederick W Alt
Ig heavy chain (IgH) class switch recombination (CSR) in B lymphocytes switches IgH constant regions to change antibody functions. CSR is initiated by DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) within a donor IgH switch (S) region and a downstream acceptor S region. CSR is completed by fusing donor and acceptor S region DSB ends by classical nonhomologous end-joining (C-NHEJ) and, in its absence, by alternative end-joining that is more biased to use longer junctional microhomologies (MHs). Deficiency for DSB response (DSBR) factors, including ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) and 53BP1, variably impair CSR end-joining, with 53BP1 deficiency having the greatest impact...
January 23, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Austin Ferro, Emily Carbone, Jenny Zhang, Evan Marzouk, Monica Villegas, Asher Siegel, Donna Nguyen, Thomas Possidente, Jessilyn Hartman, Kailen Polley, Melissa A Ingram, Georgia Berry, Thomas H Reynolds, Bernard Possidente, Kimberley Frederick, Stephen Ives, Sarita Lagalwar
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a significant role in neurodegenerative disease including ataxias and other movement disorders, particularly those marked by progressive degeneration in the cerebellum. In this study, we investigate the role of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) deficits in cerebellar tissue of a Purkinje cell-driven spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) mouse. Using RNA sequencing transcriptomics, OXPHOS complex assembly analysis and oxygen consumption assays, we report that in the presence of mutant polyglutamine-expanded ataxin-1, SCA1 mice display deficits in cerebellar OXPHOS complex I (NADH-coenzyme Q oxidoreductase)...
2017: PloS One
Robert H Bonow, Seth D Friedman, Francisco A Perez, Richard G Ellenbogen, Samuel R Browd, Christine L Mac Donald, Monica S Vavilala, Frederick P Rivara
A subset of patients experience persistent symptoms after pediatric concussion, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly used to evaluate for pathology. The utility of this practice is unclear. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe the MRI findings in children with concussion. A registry of all patients seen at our institution from January 2010 through March 2016 with pediatric sports-related concussion was cross-referenced with a database of radiographical studies. Radiology reports were reviewed for abnormal findings...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
Karen L Oliver, Silvana Franceschetti, Carol J Milligan, Mikko Muona, Simone A Mandelstam, Laura Canafoglia, Anna M Boguszewska-Chachulska, Amos D Korczyn, Francesca Bisulli, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Francesca Ragona, Roberto Michelucci, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Rachel Straussberg, Ferruccio Panzica, João Massano, Daniel Friedman, Arielle Crespel, Bernt A Engelsen, Frederick Andermann, Eva Andermann, Krystyna Spodar, Anetta Lasek-Bal, Patrizia Riguzzi, Elena Pasini, Paolo Tinuper, Laura Licchetta, Elena Gardella, Matthias Lindenau, Annette Wulf, Rikke S Møller, Felix Benninger, Zaid Afawi, Guido Rubboli, Christopher A Reid, Snezana Maljevic, Holger Lerche, Anna-Elina Lehesjoki, Steven Petrou, Samuel F Berkovic
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively describe the new syndrome of myoclonus epilepsy and ataxia due to potassium channel mutation (MEAK), including cellular electrophysiological characterization of observed clinical improvement with fever. METHODS: We analyzed clinical, electroclinical, and neuroimaging data for 20 patients with MEAK due to recurrent KCNC1 p.R320H mutation. In vitro electrophysiological studies were conducted using whole cell patch-clamp to explore biophysical properties of wild-type and mutant KV 3...
May 2017: Annals of Neurology
Vipul Kumar, Frederick W Alt, Richard L Frock
Classical nonhomologous end joining (C-NHEJ) is a major mammalian DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway. Core C-NHEJ factors, such as XRCC4, are required for joining DSB intermediates of the G1 phase-specific V(D)J recombination reaction in progenitor lymphocytes. Core factors also contribute to joining DSBs in cycling mature B-lineage cells, including DSBs generated during antibody class switch recombination (CSR) and DSBs generated by ionizing radiation. The XRCC4-like-factor (XLF) C-NHEJ protein is dispensable for V(D)J recombination in normal cells, but because of functional redundancy, it is absolutely required for this process in cells deficient for the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) DSB response factor...
September 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Rudolf Schierl, Dennis Nowak, Uwe Siebert, Jossep Frederick William, Fradico Teorgi Owi, Yuyun Ismawati Ir
Cisitu is a small-scale gold mining village in Indonesia. Mercury (Hg) is used to extract gold from ore, heavily polluting air, soil, fish and rice paddy fields with Hg. Rice in Cisitu is burdened with mercury. The main staple food of the inhabitants of Cisitu is this polluted rice. Villagers were concerned that the severe diseases they observed in the community might be related to their mining activities, including high mercury exposure. Case report of the medical examinations and the mercury levels in urine and hair of 18 people with neurological symptoms...
August 2016: Environmental Research
Kacie D Deters, Shannon L Risacher, Karmen K Yoder, Adrian L Oblak, Frederick W Unverzagt, Jill R Murrell, Francine Epperson, Eileen F Tallman, Kimberly A Quaid, Martin R Farlow, Andrew J Saykin, Bernardino Ghetti
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker Disease (GSS) is a familial neurodegenerative disorder characterized clinically by ataxia, parkinsonism, and dementia, and neuropathologically by deposition of diffuse and amyloid plaques composed of prion protein (PrP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate if [(11)C]Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) positron emission tomography (PET) is capable of detecting PrP-amyloid in PRNP gene carriers. Six individuals at risk for GSS and eight controls underwent [(11)C]PiB PET scans using standard methods...
2016: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
P Fredericks, M Britz, R Eastman, J A Carr, K J Bateman
Listerial brainstem encephalitis (LBE) is an uncommon form of listerial central nervous system infection that progresses rapidly and is invariably fatal unless detected and treated early. We report on six adult patients with LBE, of whom five were managed or co-managed by our unit during the period January - June 2012. All presented with a short prodromal illness followed by a combination of brainstem signs, including multiple cranial nerve palsies with emphasis on the lower cranial nerves, ataxia, motor and sensory long-tract signs, a depressed level of consciousness and apnoea...
January 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Phillip A Low, Stephen G Reich, Joseph Jankovic, Clifford W Shults, Matthew B Stern, Peter Novak, Caroline M Tanner, Sid Gilman, Frederick J Marshall, Frederick Wooten, Brad Racette, Thomas Chelimsky, Wolfgang Singer, David M Sletten, Paola Sandroni, Jay Mandrekar
BACKGROUND: Multiple system atrophy is a rare, fatal neurodegenerative disorder with symptoms of autonomic failure plus parkinsonism, cerebellar ataxia, or both. We report results of the first prospective natural history study of multiple system atrophy in the USA, and the effects of phenotype and autonomic failure on prognosis. METHODS: We recruited participants with probable multiple system atrophy-of either the parkinsonism subtype (MSA-P) or the cerebellar ataxia subtype (MSA-C)-at 12 neurology centres in the USA specialising in movement or autonomic disorders...
July 2015: Lancet Neurology
Maria Praggastis, Brett Tortelli, Jessie Zhang, Hideji Fujiwara, Rohini Sidhu, Anita Chacko, Zhouji Chen, Chan Chung, Andrew P Lieberman, Jakub Sikora, Cristin Davidson, Steven U Walkley, Nina H Pipalia, Frederick R Maxfield, Jean E Schaffer, Daniel S Ory
Niemann-Pick Type C1 (NPC1) disease is a rare neurovisceral, cholesterol-sphingolipid lysosomal storage disorder characterized by ataxia, motor impairment, progressive intellectual decline, and dementia. The most prevalent mutation, NPC1(I1061T), encodes a misfolded protein with a reduced half-life caused by ER-associated degradation. Therapies directed at stabilization of the mutant NPC1 protein reduce cholesterol storage in fibroblasts but have not been tested in vivo because of lack of a suitable animal model...
May 27, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Wenxia Jiang, Brian J Lee, Chen Li, Richard L Dubois, Monica Gostissa, Frederick W Alt, Shan Zha
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is a protein kinase and a master regulator of DNA-damage responses. Germline ATM inactivation causes ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) syndrome with severe lymphocytopenia and greatly increased risk for T-cell lymphomas/leukemia. Both A-T and T-cell prolymphoblastic leukemia patients with somatic mutations of ATM frequently carry inv(14;14) between the T-cell receptor α/δ (TCRα/δ) and immunoglobulin H loci, but the molecular origin of this translocation remains elusive. ATM(-/-) mice recapitulate lymphocytopenia of A-T patients and routinely succumb to thymic lymphomas with t(12;14) translocation, syntenic to inv(14;14) in humans...
April 23, 2015: Blood
Carsten Kamphues, Roberta Bova, Marcus Bahra, Frederick Klauschen, Alexander Muckenhuber, Bruno V Sinn, Arne Warth, Benjamin Goeppert, Volker Endris, Peter Neuhaus, Wilko Weichert, Albrecht Stenzinger
OBJECTIVES: Recently, aberrations in the gene encoding for ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) protein kinase have been reported for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC). These findings argue that ATM deficiency may play a role during carcinogenesis. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the clinical relevance of ATM expression and ATM activation in PDAC. METHODS: Both ATM expression and nuclear phosphoSer1981-ATM levels were assessed by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 133 PDAC and correlated with clinicopathological parameters...
March 2015: Pancreas
Mikko Muona, Samuel F Berkovic, Leanne M Dibbens, Karen L Oliver, Snezana Maljevic, Marta A Bayly, Tarja Joensuu, Laura Canafoglia, Silvana Franceschetti, Roberto Michelucci, Salla Markkinen, Sarah E Heron, Michael S Hildebrand, Eva Andermann, Frederick Andermann, Antonio Gambardella, Paolo Tinuper, Laura Licchetta, Ingrid E Scheffer, Chiara Criscuolo, Alessandro Filla, Edoardo Ferlazzo, Jamil Ahmad, Adeel Ahmad, Betul Baykan, Edith Said, Meral Topcu, Patrizia Riguzzi, Mary D King, Cigdem Ozkara, Danielle M Andrade, Bernt A Engelsen, Arielle Crespel, Matthias Lindenau, Ebba Lohmann, Veronica Saletti, João Massano, Michael Privitera, Alberto J Espay, Birgit Kauffmann, Michael Duchowny, Rikke S Møller, Rachel Straussberg, Zaid Afawi, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Kaitlin E Samocha, Mark J Daly, Steven Petrou, Holger Lerche, Aarno Palotie, Anna-Elina Lehesjoki
Progressive myoclonus epilepsies (PMEs) are a group of rare, inherited disorders manifesting with action myoclonus, tonic-clonic seizures and ataxia. We sequenced the exomes of 84 unrelated individuals with PME of unknown cause and molecularly solved 26 cases (31%). Remarkably, a recurrent de novo mutation, c.959G>A (p.Arg320His), in KCNC1 was identified as a new major cause for PME. Eleven unrelated exome-sequenced (13%) and two affected individuals in a secondary cohort (7%) had this mutation. KCNC1 encodes KV3...
January 2015: Nature Genetics
Jiazhi Hu, Suprawee Tepsuporn, Robin M Meyers, Monica Gostissa, Frederick W Alt
Mature IgM(+) B-cell lymphomas that arise in certain ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM)-deficient compound mutant mice harbor translocations that fuse V(D)J recombination-initiated IgH double-strand breaks (DSBs) on chromosome 12 to sequences downstream of c-myc on chromosome 15, generating dicentric chromosomes and c-myc amplification via a breakage-fusion-bridge mechanism. As V(D)J recombination DSBs occur in developing progenitor B cells in the bone marrow, we sought to elucidate a mechanism by which such DSBs contribute to oncogenic translocations/amplifications in mature B cells...
July 15, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Suprawee Tepsuporn, Jiazhi Hu, Monica Gostissa, Frederick W Alt
The Ataxia Telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) kinase senses DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) and facilitates their repair. In humans, ATM deficiency predisposes to B- and T-cell lymphomas, but in mice it leads only to thymic lymphomas. We tested the hypothesis that increased DSB frequency at a cellular oncogene could promote B-cell lymphoma by generating ATM-deficient mice with a V(D)J recombination target (DJβ cassette) within c-myc intron 1 ("DA" mice). We also generated ATM-deficient mice carrying an Eμ-Bcl-2 transgene (AB mice) to test whether enhanced cellular survival could promote B-cell lymphomas...
September 2014: Cancer Immunology Research
Vipul Kumar, Frederick W Alt, Valentyn Oksenych
Developing B and T lymphocytes generate programmed DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) during the V(D)J recombination process that assembles exons that encode the antigen-binding variable regions of antibodies. In addition, mature B lymphocytes generate programmed DSBs during the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) class switch recombination (CSR) process that allows expression of different antibody heavy chain constant regions that provide different effector functions. During both V(D)J recombination and CSR, DSB intermediates are sensed by the ATM-dependent DSB response (DSBR) pathway, which also contributes to their joining via classical non-homologous end-joining (C-NHEJ)...
April 2014: DNA Repair
Susana Bandarra, Ana S Fernandes, Inês Magro, Patrícia S Guerreiro, Marta Pingarilho, Mona I Churchwell, Octávia Monteiro Gil, Ines Batinic-Haberle, Sandrina Gonçalves, José Rueff, Joana P Miranda, M Matilde Marques, Frederick A Beland, Matilde Castro, Jorge F Gaspar, Nuno G Oliveira
Acrylamide (AA) is a well-known industrial chemical classified as a probable human carcinogen. Benign and malignant tumours at different sites, including the mammary gland, have been reported in rodents exposed to AA. This xenobiotic is also formed in many carbohydrate-rich foods prepared at high temperatures. For this reason, AA is an issue of concern in terms of human cancer risk. The epoxide glycidamide (GA) is thought to be the ultimate genotoxic AA metabolite. Despite extensive experimental and epidemiological data focused on AA-induced breast cancer, there is still lack of information on the deleterious effects induced by GA in mammary cells...
November 2013: Mutagenesis
Bilal Boyaci, Francis J Hornicek, G Petur Nielsen, Thomas F DeLaney, Frank X Pedlow, Frederick L Mansfield, Charles S Carrier, Jurgen Harms, Joseph H Schwab
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) of bone is a benign vascular tumor that can be locally aggressive. It rarely arises in the spine, and the optimum management of EH of the vertebrae is not well delineated. PURPOSE: The report describes our experience treating six patients with EH of the spine in an effort to document the treatment of the rare spinal presentation. STUDY DESIGN: This study is designed as a retrospective cohort study...
December 2013: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"