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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637311/whole-woman-s-health-v-hellerstedt-the-empirical-case-against-trap-laws
#1
Michele Goodwin
This commentary examines the US Supreme Court case Whole Woman's Health v Hellerstedt.1 This comment synthesizes the case, focusing primarily on its legislative and appellate history as well as the Supreme Court's analysis. The comment finds that while Whole Woman's Health represented a judicial victory for those who seek to safeguard and preserve abortion rights, it nevertheless further rooted the primacy of the Supreme Court's flawed framework in Planned Parenthood v Casey2, which rests on perpetuating the notion of abortion as a threat against women's physical and mental health...
June 13, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630546/the-battle-over-abortion-rights-in-brazil-s-state-arenas-1995-2006
#2
Marta Rodriguez De Assis Machado, Débora Alves Maciel
This article proposes a relational approach to the study of abortion law reform in Brazil. It focuses on the interaction of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in different state arenas and political contexts. It details the emergence of a strategic action field on abortion during the Brazilian re-democratization process and the National Constituent Assembly. We offer analysis on pro-choice and anti-abortion mobilization in state arenas-mainly in the executive and legislative powers-during the two terms of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC), 1995-1998 and 1999-2002, and the first term of President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (Lula), 2003-2006...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625432/the-lma-supreme-is-it-a-suitable-alternative-to-the-i-gel-and-lma-proseal-for-airway-maintenance-in-children
#3
EDITORIAL
Narasimhan Jagannathan, Jahn Hajduk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615174/supreme-court-rejects-northern-irish-woman-s-appeal-for-nhs-abortion-in-england
#4
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608034/abortion-of-fetus-with-down-s-syndrome-india-joins-the-worldwide-controversy-surrounding-abortion-laws
#5
Alankrita Taneja, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Mohammed Madadin, Ritesh G Menezes
Abortion continues to be a moral and ethical dilemma in medicine. While abortions in general have always faced social stigmas, the abortion of fetuses with Down's syndrome in particular remains the subject of debate across the globe. In India, under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, abortion is legal under prescribed circumstances only till 20 weeks of gestation. Laws for abortion after 20 week of gestation are ill defined. In a recent ruling of the Supreme Court in India, a woman was denied the right to abortion of her 26 week old fetus...
June 12, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605610/effect-of-light-curing-exposure-time-shade-and-thickness-on-the-depth-of-cure-of-bulk-fill-composites
#6
A Rodriguez, P Yaman, J Dennison, D Garcia
PURPOSE:   To investigate the effect of different light exposure times, shades, and thicknesses on the depth of cure (DOC) of bulk fill composites. METHODS AND MATERIALS:   Two bulk fill composites, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TBF) and Sonic Fill (SF), and a conventional composite, Filtek Supreme Ultra (FSU), were evaluated. Samples (n=10) were made using two different shades (light and dark), thicknesses (2 and 4 mm) and exposure times (20 and 40 seconds). A Tukon 2100B-testing machine was used to obtain three Knoop hardness numbers (KHNs) measured at the top and bottom of each sample, and DOC was calculated as the bottom/top ratio...
June 12, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583237/intrapulpal-temperature-rise-during-light-activation-of-restorative-composites-in-a-primary-molar
#7
Craig V Vinall, Tales C Garcia-Silva, Jennifer S B Lou, Martha H Wells, Daranee Tantbirojn, Antheunis Versluis
PURPOSE: To investigate intrapulpal temperature rise in a primary molar during light activation of a composite restoration to determine if clinically significant pulpal temperatures (greater than 5.5 degrees Celsius) were reached. METHODS: Restorative composites (EsthetX HD, Filtek Supreme Ultra, Filtek Bulk Fill) were placed into a primary molar with occlusal preparation (1.5 mm depth; remaining pulpal floor thickness one mm). The pulp was extirpated through a root access to place a thermocouple against the pulpal roof...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581917/influence-of-emission-spectrum-and-irradiance-on-light-curing-of-resin-based-composites
#8
Cak Shimokawa, B Sullivan, M L Turbino, C J Soares, R B Price
PURPOSE: This study examined the influence of different emission spectra (single-peak and broad-spectrum) light-curing units (LCUs) delivering the same radiant exposures at irradiance values of 1200 or 3600 mW/cm(2) on the polymerization and light transmission of four resin-based composites (RBCs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two prototype LCUs that used the same light tip, but were either a single-peak blue or a broad-spectrum LED, were used to deliver the same radiant exposures to the top surfaces of the RBCs using either standard (1200 mW/cm(2)) or high irradiance (3600 mW/cm(2)) settings...
June 5, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574390/clinical-protocols-preparation-impression-and-bonding-of-all-ceramic-glass-based-disilicate-lithium-crowns-review-and-case-report
#9
D Vadachkoria, O Vadachkoria
Using contemporary materials and techniques, nowadays we can offer the patients much needed restorations while achieving the desired aesthetics. The maxillary incisors are supremely important in the appearance of a smile. By establishing proper size, contours, vitality, translucency and relationship with the surrounding teeth and soft tissue, we can help create the smile of their dream. In modern dentistry, there are two major recent developments - the dentine bonding and stronger all-ceramic crown systems...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574238/an-administrative-right-to-be-free-from-sexual-violence-title-ix-enforcement-in-historical-and-institutional-perspective
#10
Karen M Tani
One of the most controversial administrative actions in recent years is the U.S. Department of Education's campaign against sexual assault on college campuses. Using its authority under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (mandating nondiscrimination on the basis of sex in all educational programs and activities receiving federal funds), the Department's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has launched an enforcement effort that critics denounce as aggressive, manipulative, and corrosive of individual liberties...
2017: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571023/is-the-fight-against-doping-in-sport-a-legal-minefield-like-any-other
#11
Ulrich Haas
In the fight against doping, creating a level playing field across all sports is very challenging from a legal perspective. A harmonized approach presupposes first and foremost a supreme regulatory authority on a global level. This task cannot be attributed to the public sector, because there is no supranational authority of public international law capable of dealing with it. Thus, responsibility has to be assumed by a private law entity. This in turn requires complicated contractual agreements by which duties and responsibilities are transferred from the individual to the national level and from there to the top of the pyramid...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569707/know-how-in-postwar-business-and-law
#12
Douglas O'Reagan
In the mid-twentieth century, businesses around the world began to see technical know-how as one of the most important assets they could possess. While their exact definitions of know-how varied (usually centering on employees' tacit knowledge; accumulated, minor innovations rather than just patentable inventions; and tailoring to local conditions), the rapidly growing perception that it was invaluable led to widespread know-how licensing. As businesses embraced it, legal scholars and business lawyers during the 1950s through the 1970s scrambled to clarify legal bases for intellectual property protections for know-how...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559690/terminal-patients-and-the-right-to-refuse-medical-treatment-in-argentina
#13
Martín Hevia, Daniela Schnidrig
The right to health has many dimensions. On the one hand, it entails positive duties for states to protect the health of individuals. On the other, it encompasses patient decision making regarding personal health, an idea which is closely linked to the right to autonomy and the right to free development of the individual-that is, to dignity.(1) This is why the informed consent of the patient and her right to make a choice according to her own values should be honored, even when her decision may seem irrational or imprudent...
December 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558939/the-humboldt-penguin-spheniscus-humboldti-rete-tibiotarsale-a-supreme-biological-heat-exchanger
#14
Shaked Kazas, Moran Benelly, Saar Golan
Humans are unable to survive low temperature environments without custom designed clothing and support systems. In contrast, certain penguin species inhabit extremely cold climates without losing substantial energy to self-heating (emperor penguins ambient temperature plummets to as low as -45°C). Penguins accomplish this task by relying on distinct anatomical, physiological and behavioral adaptations. One such adaptation is a blood vessel heat exchanger called the 'Rete Tibiotarsale' - an intermingled network of arteries and veins found in penguins' legs...
July 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552675/the-era-of-3rs-implementation-in-developmental-and-reproductive-toxicity-dart-testing-current-overview-and-future-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Manon Beekhuijzen
Since adoption of the first globally implemented guidelines for developmental and reproductive toxicity (DART) testing for pharmaceuticals, industrial chemicals and agrochemicals, many years passed without major updates. However in recent years, significant changes in these guidelines have been made or are being implemented. These changes have been guided by the ethical drive to reduce, refine and replace (3R) animal testing, as well as the addition of endocrine disruptor relevant endpoints. Recent applied improvements have focused on reduction and refinement...
May 25, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550002/public-response-to-obamacare-on-twitter
#16
Matthew A Davis, Kai Zheng, Yang Liu, Helen Levy
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA), often called "Obamacare," is a controversial law that has been implemented gradually since its enactment in 2010. Polls have consistently shown that public opinion of the ACA is quite negative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine the extent to which Twitter data can be used to measure public opinion of the ACA over time. METHODS: We prospectively collected a 10% random sample of daily tweets (approximately 52 million since July 2011) using Twitter's streaming application programming interface (API) from July 10, 2011 to July 31, 2015...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544870/the-killing-of-kitty-genovese-what-else-does-this-case-tell-us
#17
Saul M Kassin
Well known in popular culture, the 1964 murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York, became famous because not one of an alleged 38 bystanders called police until it was too late. Within psychology, this singular event inspired the study of bystander intervention. With the spotlight of history focused on Ms. Genovese and bystanders, other events, also profound for what they tell us about human social behavior, have escaped public notice. Based on archival records and current interviews, this article describes the three issues linked to Genovese...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532210/the-linear-nonthreshold-lnt-model-as-used-in-radiation-protection-an-ncrp-update
#18
John D Boice
PURPOSE: The linear nonthreshold (LNT) model has been used in radiation protection for over 40 years and has been hotly debated. It relies heavily on human epidemiology, with support from radiobiology. The scientific underpinnings include NCRP Report No. 136 ('Evaluation of the Linear-Nonthreshold Dose-Response Model for Ionizing Radiation'), UNSCEAR 2000, ICRP Publication 99 (2004) and the National Academies BEIR VII Report (2006). NCRP Scientific Committee 1-25 is reviewing recent epidemiologic studies focusing on dose-response models, including threshold, and the relevance to radiation protection...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530473/uninsured-workers-have-more-severe-hospitalizations
#19
Bethany Boggess, Brittany Scott, Lisa Pompeii
Texas' unique elective system of workers' compensation (WC) coverage is being discussed widely in the United States as a possible model to be adopted by other states. Texas is the only state that does not mandate that employers provide state-certified WC insurance. Oklahoma passed legislation for a similar system in 2013, but it was declared unconstitutional by the Oklahoma Supreme Court in 2016. This study examined 9523 work-related hospitalizations that occurred in Texas in 2012 using Texas Department of State Health Services data...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521781/telling-our-stories-heroin-assisted-treatment-and-snap-activism-in-the-downtown-eastside-of-vancouver
#20
Susan Boyd, Dave Murray, Donald MacPherson
BACKGROUND: This article highlights the experiences of a peer-run group, SALOME/NAOMI Association of Patients (SNAP), that meets weekly in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. SNAP is a unique independent peer- run drug user group that formed in 2011 following Canada's first heroin-assisted treatment trial (HAT), North America Opiate Medication Initiative (NAOMI). SNAP's members are now made up of former research participants who participated in two heroin-assisted trials in Vancouver...
May 18, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
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