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Daniel Chen, Yosh Halberstam, Alan C L Yu
Previous studies suggest a significant role of language in the court room, yet none has identified a definitive correlation between vocal characteristics and court outcomes. This paper demonstrates that voice-based snap judgments based solely on the introductory sentence of lawyers arguing in front of the Supreme Court of the United States predict outcomes in the Court. In this study, participants rated the opening statement of male advocates arguing before the Supreme Court between 1998 and 2012 in terms of masculinity, attractiveness, confidence, intelligence, trustworthiness, and aggressiveness...
2016: PloS One
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Margherita Siracusa, Fabio Petrelli
The aporia is obvious: food supplement, classified and regulated by food law, sometimes have the characteristics and the typical effects of medicines. In addition, these are produced by pharmaceutical companies and, through the scientific officer, are prescribed by doctors and dispensed by pharmacies. This study will attempt to retrace the winding, and sometimes overlapping, regulatory pathways of the legislation on food supplement, food and medicines. It will be important object the particular application of the precautionary principle behind the legislation on food supplement: application "in posterior", so the controls on the purity of the product and the possible effects resulting from the assumption is carried out ex post trade...
September 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Claudio Milanesi, Monica Scali, Rita Vignani, Franco Cambi, Lucas Dugerdil, Claudia Faleri, Mauro Cresti
In the late Roman Republic period (2nd-1st century BC), in the area of San Giovanni on Elba Island, previously subject to intense extraction of iron ore, a rustic villa was established by Marco Valerio Messalla, a supreme Roman magistrate. The foundations of the walls were discovered and excavated by an archaeological mission. Palaeobotanical analysis of a set of stratigraphic layers was performed. Palynological slides showed remains of palynomorphic and non-pollen objects, while data combined with anthracological investigations confirmed the hypothesis that in the 1st century AD the villa was destroyed by a fire that created a compact crust under which were discovered four broken Roman amphorae containing about five hundred apple seeds...
October 3, 2016: Comptes Rendus Biologies
Mostafa Somri, Sonia Vaida, Gustavo Garcia Fornari, Gabriela Renee Mendoza, Pedro Charco-Mora, Naser Hawash, Ibrahim Matter, Forat Swaid, Luis Gaitini
BACKGROUND: The Laryngeal Tube Suction Disposable (LTS-D) and the Supreme Laryngeal Mask Airway (SLMA) are second generation supraglottic airway devices (SADs) with an added channel to allow gastric drainage. We studied the efficacy of these devices when using pressure controlled mechanical ventilation during general anesthesia for short and medium duration surgical procedures and compared the oropharyngeal seal pressure in different head and-neck positions. METHODS: Eighty patients in each group had either LTS-D or SLMA for airway management...
October 6, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Yun Lu, Hongwei Liu, Runan Gao, Shaoliang Xiao, Ming Zhang, Yafang Yin, Siqun Wang, Jian Li, Dongjiang Yang
Nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) has received increasing attention in science and technology due not only to the availability of large amounts of cellulose in nature but also to its unique structural and physical features. These high aspect ratio nanofibers have potential applications as water remediation, reinforcing scaffold in composites, coatings, and porous materials due to their fascinating properties. In this work, highly porous NFC aerogels were prepared based on tert-butanol freeze-drying of ultrasonic isolated bamboo NFC with 20-80 nm diameters...
October 6, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Size Bi, Xiao Liang, Ting-Lei Huang
Word embedding, a lexical vector representation generated via the neural linguistic model (NLM), is empirically demonstrated to be appropriate for improvement of the performance of traditional language model. However, the supreme dimensionality that is inherent in NLM contributes to the problems of hyperparameters and long-time training in modeling. Here, we propose a force-directed method to improve such problems for simplifying the generation of word embedding. In this framework, each word is assumed as a point in the real world; thus it can approximately simulate the physical movement following certain mechanics...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
David S Oderberg
I explore the increasingly important issue of cooperation in immoral actions, particularly in connection with healthcare. Conscientious objection, especially as pertains to religious freedom in healthcare, has become a pressing issue in the light of the US Supreme Court judgement in Hobby Lobby Section 'Moral evaluation using the basic principles of cooperation' outlines a theory of cooperation inspired by Catholic moral theologians such as those cited by the court. The theory has independent plausibility and is at least worthy of serious consideration-in part because it is an instance of double-effect reasoning, which is also independently plausible despite its association with moral theology...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
Kaicheng Song, Jie Yi, Wei Liu, Shuang Huang, Yuguang Huang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to validate ultrasound against other established methods of confirming laryngeal mask airway (LMA) placement. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: A university teaching hospital, operating department. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight patients undergoing general anesthesia using an LMA Supreme supraglottic airway device. INTERVENTIONS: The position of the LMA was assessed by ultrasound in 3 planes: the pharynx, the larynx, and along the cranial-caudal axis in the midline...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Helena Sá, Rita Leal, Manuel Santos Rosa
To deride the hope of progress is the ultimate fatuity, the last word in poverty of spirit and meanness of mind. There is no need to be dismayed by the fact that we cannot yet envisage a definitive solution of our problems, a resting-place beyond which we need not try to go. -P.B. Medawar, 1969* [Formula: see text] Thomas E. Starlz, also known as the Father of Clinical Transplantation, once said that organ transplantation was the supreme exception to the rule that most major advances in medicine spring from discoveries in basic science [Starzl T...
September 28, 2016: International Reviews of Immunology
Ayse Mese, Joseph Ea Palamara, Rafat Bagheri, Mehdi Fani, Michael F Burrow
This study compared the fracture toughness values of seven resin composites and analyzed the consistency of data values using three methods: compact tension, three point and four point bending for Mode I failure. Seven resin composites were selected: Estellite Sigma Quick, Esthet X HD, Filtek Supreme XTE, Heliomolar, Ice, Rok, and Vit-l-escence. For each material, 18 specimens (n=6 for each test) were prepared. Maximum load to failure was recorded using a universal testing machine and fracture toughness was calculated...
September 29, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
Hans Peter Dietz, Lynda Exton
Natural childbirth ideology has become dominant across much of the developed world. This ideology increasingly clashes with the reality of modern obstetrics, which is dealing with a demographic that is getting older and more obese, hence more complicated, and it has become a danger to the health of women and babies. The most visible expression of these trends is the focus on caesarean section rates which have become a key performance indicator of obstetric services. This trend is resulting in increasingly obvious negative consequences for morbidity and mortality, as chronicled in the Morecambe Bay Report, published in the UK last year...
October 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Marc Kriege, Tim Piepho, Susanne Zanker, Christian Alflen, Florian Heid, Rüdiger R Noppens
BACKGROUND: Second-generation laryngeal masks with gastric access are increasingly used in daily practice and expand the indications for laryngeal masks in the OR. Only limited data exist comparing different types of laryngeal masks. We investigated the second-generation laryngeal masks LMA Supreme and Ambu AuraGain in a clinical setting. We hypothesized that the two devices would be comparable in terms of success rate and airway complications. METHODS: After approval from the local ethics committee, data were collected in a prospective trial...
September 27, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Yoshimasa Takizawa, Elad Binshtein, Amanda L Erwin, Tasia M Pyburn, Kathleen F Mittendorf, Melanie D Ohi
Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (EM) is currently gaining attention for the ability to calculate structures that reach sub-5 Å resolutions; however, the technique is more than just an alternative approach to X-ray crystallography. Molecular machines work via dynamic conformational changes, making structural flexibility the hallmark of function. While the dynamic regions in molecules are essential, they are also the most challenging to structurally characterize. Single-particle EM has the distinct advantage of being able to directly visualize purified molecules without the formation of ordered arrays of molecules locked into identical conformations...
October 6, 2016: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
G T Rocca, P Sedlakova, C M Saratti, R Sedlacek, L Gregor, N Rizcalla, A J Feilzer, I Krejci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of different types of modifications with resin on fatigue resistance and failure behavior of CAD-CAM resin nano ceramic (RNC) restorations for maxillary first premolars. METHODS: Sixty standardized resin composite root dies received CAD-CAM RNC endocrowns (n=30) and crowns (n=30) (Lava Ultimate, 3M Espe). Restorations were divided into six groups: full anatomic endocrowns (group A) and crowns (group D), buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group B) and crowns (group E) and buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group C) and crowns (group F) with a central groove resin filling...
September 23, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Svetlana V Kilina, Patrick K Tamukong, Dmitri S Kilin
Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are near-ideal nanomaterials for energy conversion and lighting technologies. However, their photophysics exhibits supreme sensitivity to surface passivation and defects, of which control is problematic. The role of passivating ligands in photodynamics remains questionable and is a focus of ongoing research. The optically forbidden nature of surface-associated states makes direct measurements on them challenging. Therefore, computational modeling is imperative for insights into surface passivation and its impact on light-driven processes in QDs...
October 18, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Feng-Chi Chen, Kuo-Liang Yeh
Pfizer's atorvastatin (Lipitor) is a blockbuster drug for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In China, a critical polymorph patent of this drug has been recently invalidated by the Supreme People's Court for insufficiency of disclosure. Here, we discuss the particularities in patent litigation in China worth attention from the community.
September 19, 2016: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
Nabeel F Talic
INTRODUCTION: This comparative prospective randomized clinical trial examined the in vivo failure rates of fixed mandibular and maxillary lingual retainers bonded with two light-cured flowable composites over 6 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients were divided into two groups on a 1:1 basis. Two hundred fixed lingual retainers were included, and their failures were followed for 6 months. One group (n = 50) received retainers bonded with a nano-hybrid composite based on nano-optimized technology (Tetric-N-Flow, Ivoclar Vivadent)...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Contraception
Jennifer K Plichta, Molly Griffin, Joseph Thakuria, Kevin S Hughes
The advent of next-generation sequencing, and its transition further into the clinic with the US Food and Drug Administration approval of a cystic fibrosis assay in 2013, have increased the speed and reduced the cost of DNA sequencing. Coupled with a historic ruling by the Supreme Court of the United States that human genes are not patentable, these events have caused a seismic shift in genetic testing in clinical medicine. More labs are offering genetic testing services; more multigene panels are available for gene testing; more genes and gene mutations are being identified; and more variants of uncertain significance, which may or may not be clinically actionable, have been found...
September 15, 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
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