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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931028/the-efficacy-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-for-symptomatic-ureteral-stones-predictors-of-treatment-failure-without-the-assistance-of-computed-tomography
#1
Bing-Juin Chiang, Chun-Hou Liao, Yu-Hua Lin
OBJECTIVES: Non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) is not always performed clinically if the diagnosis of ureteral calculi has been confirmed using other radiographic imaging modalities. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of successful extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) without assistance of NCCT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with symptomatic solitary ureteral stones who underwent ESWL between November 2015 and January 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930854/a-female-patient-with-hypokalaemia-induced-j-wave-syndrome-an-unusual-case-report
#2
Aqian Wang, Xiang Li, Muhammad Nabeel Dookhun, Tiancheng Zhang, Ping Xie, Yunshan Cao
RATIONALE: Prominent J waves can be seen in life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias such as Brugada syndrome, early repolarization syndrome, and ventricular fibrillation. We herein present an unusual case report of hypokalemia-induced J wave syndrome and ST (a part of ECG) segment elevation. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 52-year-old woman with chief complaints of chest pain for 2 hours and diarrhea showed a marked hypokalemia (2.8 mmol/L) and slightly elevated creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) (57...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930849/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-colonic-diverticular-bleeding-and-recurrence
#3
Masato Taki, Tadayuki Oshima, Katsuyuki Tozawa, Yukako Taniguchi, Toshihiko Tomita, Yoshio Ohda, Hirokazu Fukui, Jiro Watari, Hiroto Miwa
The increase in incidence of colonic diverticular bleeding is relative to an age-related rise in the incidence of colonic diverticulosis and use of antithrombotic medication. However, risk factors related to the onset, recurrence, and prophylaxis have not been established. Therefore, we aimed to determine risk factors for the onset and recurrence of colonic diverticular bleeding.An age- and sex-matched case-control study was performed to assess the risk factors for the onset of colonic diverticular bleeding...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930832/early-central-and-peripheral-corneal-microstructural-changes-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-identified-using-in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-a-case-control-study
#4
Jing-Hao Qu, Lei Tian, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Xu-Guang Sun
The aim of this study was to find early central and peripheral corneal microstructural changes in healthy subjects and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with/without cornea fluorescein dot staining.This is a prospective case-control study of T2DM patients with/without cornea fluorescein dot staining. Age, sex, duration of diabetes, and serum glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were recorded. Keratograph 5 M (K5 M) and in vivo confocal microscopy were performed on all subjects. The cornea was divided into 5 zones: central, superior, temporal, nasal, and inferior...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930826/infective-endocarditis-in-patients-with-cancer-a-consequence-of-invasive-procedures-or-a-harbinger-of-neoplasm-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort
#5
Ana Fernández-Cruz, Patricia Muñoz, Carmen Sandoval, Carmen Fariñas, Manuel Gutiérrez-Cuadra, Juan M Pericás Pulido, José M Miró, Miguel Á Goenaga-Sánchez, Arístides de Alarcón, Francisco Bonache-Bernal, MªÁngeles Rodríguez, Mariam Noureddine, Emilio Bouza Santiago
The aim of the study was to draw a comparison between the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with cancer and those of IE in noncancer patients.Patients with IE, according to the modified Duke criteria, were prospectively included in the GAMES registry between January 2008 and February 2014 in 30 hospitals. Patients with active cancer were compared with noncancer patients.During the study period, 161 episodes of IE fulfilled the inclusion criteria. We studied 2 populations: patients whose cancer was diagnosed before IE (73...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930777/endoscopic-delayed-breast-reconstruction-with-expanders-and-implants-via-the-axillary-incision-made-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-or-lymphadenectomy
#6
José Maria Serra-Mestre, Randolfo Fernandez Peñuela, Francesco DʼAndrea, Joan Maria Viñals, José Maria Serra-Renom
BACKGROUND: Classic techniques of delayed prosthetic breast reconstruction use the mastectomy scar as an access route. As a result, the filling of the expander must be postponed until the wounds have healed. This creates an asymmetry between the breasts with the volume changes caused by the filling of the expander, which may occur over several weeks and cause considerable discomfort. METHODS: Delayed breast reconstruction was performed via the axillary incision made for sentinel lymph node biopsy or lymphadenectomy with endoscopic assistance and detachment of the pectoralis major muscle...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930497/improving-blood-pressure-control-using-smart-technology
#7
Elizabeth L Ciemins, Anupama Arora, Nicholas C Coombs, Barbara Holloway, Elizabeth J Mullette, Robin Garland, Shannon Walsh Bishop-Green, Jerry Penso, Patricia J Coon
BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine if wireless oscillometric home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) that integrates with smartphone technology improves blood pressure (BP) control among patients with new or existing uncontrolled hypertension (HTN). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study monitored BP control before and after an educational intervention and introduction to HBPM. Patients in the intervention group were instructed to track their BP using a smartphone device three to seven times per week...
September 30, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930428/ion-transport-in-confined-geometries-below-the-nanoscale-access-resistance-dominates-protein-channel-conductance-in-diluted-solutions
#8
Antonio Alcaraz, M Lidón López, María Queralt-Martín, Vicente M Aguilella
Synthetic nanopores and mesoscopic protein channels have common traits like the importance of electrostatic interactions between the permeating ions and the nanochannel. Ion transport at the nanoscale occurs under confinement conditions so that the usual assumptions made in microfluidics are challenged, among others, by interfacial effects such as access resistance (AR). Here we show that a sound interpretation of electrophysiological measurements in terms of channel ion selective properties requires the consideration of interfacial effects, up to the point that they dominate protein channel conductance in diluted solutions...
September 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929806/clustered-microcysts-on-breast-ultrasound-what-is-an-appropriate-management-recommendation
#9
Heather I Greenwood, Amie Y Lee, Iryna V Lobach, Bianca M Carpentier, Rita I Freimanis, Loretta M Strachowski
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine outcomes of lesions identified as clustered microcysts on breast ultrasound to augment the existing literature and help guide appropriate management recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified cases at our institution, from January 2003 through December 2013, of all lesions classified as clustered microcysts at breast ultrasound. Breast ultrasound examinations were performed by the interpreting physician...
September 20, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#10
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929714/-extending-traceability-of-malignant-testicular-tumours-using-hospital-discharge-records-an-experience-in-veneto-region-northern-italy
#11
Mario Saugo, Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Gianstefano Blengio, Gianferruccio Righetto
OBJECTIVES: validation of codes of hospital discharge records (SDO) for identification of new cases of malignant testicular tumour in the Veneto Region (Northern Italy). DESIGN: record linkage between the regional archive of SDO and the archive of the Veneto Tumour Registry (VTR). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: extraction of cases from SDO source with ICD-9-CM 186 code for diagnosis and 62.3-62.4 codes for surgical procedure, and from VTR database using ICD-O-3 C62 code for site and 9060-9062, 9064-9066, 9070, 9071, 9080-9083, 9085, 9100, 9101 codes for morphology, with 5th digit behaviour code equal to "/3"...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929699/-transmission-and-development-of-foreign-medicinal-materials-in-the-tang-and-song-dynasties
#12
Meng-Hua Wu, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Hui Cao
Many foreign medicinal materials that were imported to China via the Silk Road and maritime trade have enriched Chinese medicine. Imported foreign medicines reached a high point by the Tang and Song Dynasties, particularly in the case of aromatic medicines, which supplemented domestic Chinese aromatics and were widely employed in official dispensaries in the Song Dynasty. This study investigated historical records related to imported Chinese medicines in the Tang and Song periods, focusing on their varieties, quantity, use, and localization trends...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929635/association-between-interferon-induced-helicase-ifih1-rs1990760-polymorphism-and-seasonal-variation-in-the-onset-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-ifih1-polymorphism-and-type-1-diabetes-onset
#13
Ágnes Jermendy, Ildikó Szatmári, Anna Körner, Attila J Szabó, Péter Tóth-Heyn, Róbert Hermann
BACKGROUND: Infections, mostly of viral origin, may contribute to the seasonal variation in the onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The rs1990760 (A>G, Ala946Thr) polymorphism (GG genotype) of the interferon induced helicase (IFIH1), a virus recognition receptor, confers a modest protection for T1DM. The aim of our study was to evaluate a possible association between this IFIH1 polymorphism and the seasonal variation in the onset of T1DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IFIH1 rs1990760 polymorphism was genotyped in 1055 patients of Central-Eastern European ancestry with T1DM (median age at diagnosis: 8...
September 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929625/association-of-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-incident-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-women
#14
Andrea L Roberts, Susan Malspeis, Laura D Kubzansky, Candace H Feldman, Shun-Chiao Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first longitudinal study examining whether trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with increased risk of incident SLE in a civilian cohort. METHODS: We examined the association of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms with SLE incidence over 24 years of follow-up in a U.S. longitudinal cohort of women (N=54,763). Incident SLE with ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria was ascertained by self-report and confirmed by medical record review...
September 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929609/benchmarking-against-the-national-emergency-laparotomy-audit-recommendations
#15
Yiu Ming Ho, Julie Cappello, Ramin Kousary, Brian McGowan, Arkadiusz P Wysocki
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of Anaesthetists published the National Emergency Laparotomy Audit (NELA) to describe and compare inpatient care and outcomes of major emergency abdominal surgery in England and Wales in 2015 and 2016. The purpose of this article is to compare emergency abdominal surgical care and mortality in a regional hospital (Logan Hospital, Queensland, Australia) with NELA results. METHODS: Data were extracted from two databases. All deaths from May 2010 to April 2015 were reviewed and patients who had an emergency abdominal operation within 30 days of death were identified...
September 19, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#16
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929481/lessons-learned-from-the-total-evacuation-of-a-hospital-after-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake
#17
Youichi Yanagawa, Hisayoshi Kondo, Takashi Okawa, Fumio Ochi
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes were a series of earthquakes that included a foreshock earthquake (magnitude 6.2) on April 14 and a main shock (magnitude 7.0) on April 16, 2016. A number of hospitals in Kumamoto were severely damaged by the two major earthquakes and required total evacuation. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed the activity data of the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams using the Emergency Medical Information System records to investigate the cases in which the total evacuation of a hospital was attempted following the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929279/effectiveness-and-safety-of-combined-cataract-surgery-and-microhook-ab-interno-trabeculotomy-in-japanese-eyes-with-glaucoma-report-of-an-initial-case-series
#18
Masaki Tanito, Yoshifumi Ikeda, Etsuko Fujihara
PURPOSE: To report the early postoperative results and safety profile of ab interno microhook trabeculotomy (μLOT) combined with cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational case series included 68 consecutive glaucomatous eyes of 23 Japanese men and 25 Japanese women [mean (SD) age, 76.0 ± 8.5 years] who underwent μLOT for intraocular pressure (IOP) and visually relevant cataracts. The LOT site/extent, perioperative complications, and complication treatments were collected from the medical and surgical records...
September 19, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929075/why-cannot-we-have-an-etiological-classification-for-the-patients-with-granular-myringitis
#19
Mohan Bansal
Though granular myringitis (GM) is not a very rare disease it does not have any classification. Its exact etiology is not known. The granulations on tympanic membrane also occur in association with other lesions of external auditory canal (EAC) and middle ear. The aims of this study were to know the etiological factors of GM and classify the disease according to its etiological factors and associated disorders of EAC and middle ear. Data were retrieved from the search of four electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google scholar...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929073/septorhinoplasty-our-experience
#20
Jaimanti Bakshi, Sourabha K Patro
Rhinoplasty is one of the oldest known surgeries to the human kind. However, being a cosmetic of surgery of utmost importance, it has been an attractive and fascinating surgery for the otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons. Along with the evolution of improved techniques and better surgical modalities, this surgery has been growing in panorama including its indications, needs and techniques. We present our experience with rhinoplasty in a tertiary care center of north India. We have included all cases operated with septorhinoplasty from 2001 to 2014 by the senior author in the manuscript...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
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