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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922210/comparison-between-thoracic-radiographic-findings-and-postmortem-diagnosis-of-thoracic-diseases-in-dyspneic-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#1
Virginie Fouriez-Lablée, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Philip H Kass, Allison L Zwingenberger
Companion rats are often presented to veterinarians for respiratory difficulties. Dyspnea in rats is most commonly due to infectious pneumonia, and thoracic neoplasia can go undiagnosed ante mortem due to a mistaken interpretation of pneumonia. In domestic carnivores, pulmonary nodular patterns have been shown to correlate with lung neoplastic diseases and infectious diseases. The main objective of this retrospective case series study was to determine whether certain radiographic criteria could be correlated with the presence of thoracic infectious disease and neoplastic disease in companion rats...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921205/consistent-pattern-in-positional-instability-of-polyfocal-full-optics-accommodative-iol
#2
Yu Cheol Kim, Kyung Tae Kang, Youngdo Yeo, Ki-San Kim, Frank S Siringo
PURPOSE: We describe cases of dislocation or subluxation of the WIOL-CF(®) polyfocal full-optics intraocular lens (IOL) and suggest a consistent pattern and possible mechanism for the IOL instability. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of five consecutive eyes in three patients with WIOL-CF(®) IOL instability at Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center and Kimkisan Eye Center from 2012 to 2014. The medical records and ocular exam data for these patients were analyzed...
December 5, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921154/peripheral-stent-thrombosis-leading-to-acute-limb-ischemia-and-major-amputation-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-the-aortoiliac-and-femoropopliteal-arteries
#3
Konstantinos Katsanos, Said A M Al-Lamki, Aneeta Parthipun, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Sanjay Dhanji Patel, Ioannis Paraskevopoulos, Hany Zayed, Athanasios Diamantopoulos
PURPOSE: To report the real-world incidence and risk factors of stent thrombosis in the aortoiliac and femoropopliteal arteries in case of bare nitinol stent (BNS) or covered nitinol stent (CNS) placement from a single-centre retrospective audit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated with peripheral stent placement for claudication or critical limb ischemia were audited for definite stent thrombosis defined as imaging confirmed stent thrombosis that presented as acute limb-threatening ischemia...
December 5, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921020/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-fractures
#4
Mahnaz Yadollahi, Shahram Paydar, Haleh Ghaem, Mohammad Ghorbani, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Ali Taheri Akerdi, Eimen Jalili, Mohammad Hadi Niakan, Hossein Ali Khalili, Ali Haghnegahdar, Shahram Bolandparvaz
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology of cervical spine fractures (CSfx) in trauma patients of general population is not yet exclusively known. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of CSfx in trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from trauma patients admitted in the emergency room (ER) of Shiraz Shahid Rajaei hospital during the 3.5 years period from September 22, 2009 to March 21, 2013, were gathered. All trauma patients with CSfx and/or spinal cord injuries were included in the study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920631/invasive-lobular-carcinoma-of-the-breast-appearance-on-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#5
Ahuva Grubstein, Yael Rapson, Sara Morgenstern, Itai Gadiel, Amit Haboosheh, Rinat Yerushalmi, Maya Cohen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize the signs of invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast on digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) imaging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group included 23 women with pathologically proven invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast for whom both digital mammography (DM) and DBT images were available. The images were read jointly by 2 experienced breast radiologists. Findings were recorded according to the descriptors in the Breast Imaging and Reporting Data System lexicon and correlated with the detailed pathology results...
October 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920085/quality-of-prescribing-of-antipsychotic-medication-for-people-with-intellectual-disability-under-the-care-of-uk-mental-health-services-a-cross-sectional-audit-of-clinical-practice
#6
Carol Paton, Sumera Bhatti, Kiran Purandare, Ashok Roy, Tre Barnes
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and quality of antipsychotic prescribing for people with intellectual disability (ID). DESIGN: A clinical audit of prescribing practice in the context of a quality improvement programme. Practice standards for audit were derived from relevant, evidence-based guidelines, including NICE. Data were mainly collected from the clinical records, but to determine the clinical rationale for using antipsychotic medication in individual cases, prescribers could also be directly questioned...
December 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920043/a-historical-perspective-on-crush-syndrome-the-clinical-application-of-its-pathogenesis-established-by-the-study-of-wartime-crush-injuries
#7
REVIEW
Dilini Peiris
Crush syndrome is a fine example of how pathology can play a direct role in revealing the best treatment and management for diseases. It can occur when crush injuries are sustained. Skeletal muscle becomes damaged under the weight of a heavy object, and victims experience severe shock and renal failure. The discovery of the pathology of crush syndrome belongs to two individuals: Seigo Minami and Eric Bywaters. They separately helped to define the pathogenesis of crush syndrome during World Wars I and II. Seigo Minami is believed to have been the first to record the pathogenesis of crush syndrome...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920036/clinical-relevance-of-pharmacist-intervention-in-an-emergency-department
#8
Maria Antonia Pérez-Moreno, Juan Manuel Rodríguez-Camacho, Beatriz Calderón-Hernanz, Bernardino Comas-Díaz, Jordi Tarradas-Torras
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical relevance of pharmacist intervention on patient care in emergencies, to determine the severity of detected errors. Second, to analyse the most frequent types of interventions and type of drugs involved and to evaluate the clinical pharmacist's activity. METHODS: A 6-month observational prospective study of pharmacist intervention in the Emergency Department (ED) at a 400-bed hospital in Spain was performed to record interventions carried out by the clinical pharmacists...
December 5, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919980/intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-in-patients-pretreated-for-ovarian-cancer-matched-with-patients-treated-with-parenteral-chemotherapy
#9
Maria Ornella Nicoletto, Alessandra Casarin, Alessandra Baldoni, Eliana Rulli, Giulia Tasca, Zora Baretta, Grazia Artioli, Giuseppe Lombardi, Alessandro Cappetta, Irene Floriani, Giovanni Randon, Sara Valpione, Piero Litta, Pierfranco Conte, Simone Mocellin, Camillo Aliberti
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to analyze the impact of intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC), administered with direct peritoneal puncture, on the survival of patients with pretreated ovarian cancer in a real-life setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study comparing patients with advanced ovarian cancer treated with IPC (N=33) and patients treated with standard intravenous (i.v.) chemotherapy matching cases for known prognostic factors (age, platinum sensitivity, histological subgroup and grade)...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919978/control-of-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-with-moderate-emetic-risk
#10
Akio Suzuki, Ryo Kobayashi, Hironori Fujii, Hirotoshi Iihara, Takao Takahashi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Yoshinori Itoh
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy with moderate emetic risk (MEC), including irinotecan-based and oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy regimens, are predominantly used for colorectal cancer chemotherapy. Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) remain unsatisfactorily controlled. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The rates of prevalence of antiemetic medication and the control of CINV were investigated from medical records in patients with colorectal cancer who received the first cycle of irinotecan-based or oxaliplatin-based regimens...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919875/the-layered-learning-practice-model-lessons-learned-from-implementation
#11
Nicole R Pinelli, Stephen F Eckel, Maihan B Vu, Morris Weinberger, Mary T Roth
PURPOSE: Pharmacists' views about the implementation, benefits, and attributes of a layered learning practice model (LLPM) were examined. METHODS: Eligible and willing attending pharmacists at the same institution that had implemented an LLPM completed an individual, 90-minute, face-to-face interview using a structured interview guide developed by the interdisciplinary study team. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim without personal identifiers...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919762/minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-revision-surgery-for-the-recurrent-herniation-after-microendoscopic-discectomy
#12
Yuan Yao, Huiyu Zhang, Junlong Wu, Huan Liu, Zhengfeng Zhang, Yu Tang, Yue Zhou
BACKGROUND: Most patients suffering from the recurrence of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) need to receive revision surgery. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) are common operative methods for MED recurrence, whereas no study has been made to compare the clinical outcomes of these two surgical methods as revision surgery for MED recurrence. METHODS: 105 patients who underwent either MIS-TLIF (58 cases) or PELD (47 cases) for revision of MED recurrence were included in this study...
December 2, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919727/patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-cats-felis-catus-50-cases-2000-2015
#13
A Bascuñán, K M Thieman Mankin, A B Saunders, J M Bright, V Scharf, A Singh, L O'Sullivan, B Brisson, A H Estrada, S P Tou, C Ruoff
OBJECTIVES: To describe signalment, clinical characteristics, diagnostic, treatment, and outcome data in a large case series of cats with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). ANIMALS: Fifty cats with confirmed PDA. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records from five referral veterinary hospitals for cats with PDA between 2000 and 2015. Cats were included if a PDA was visualized echocardiographically, during surgery, or on post-mortem examination...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919688/leishmaniases-in-ecuador-comprehensive-review-and-current-status
#14
REVIEW
Yoshihisa Hashiguchi, Lenin N Velez, Nancy V Villegas, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Eduardo A L Gomez, Hirotomo Kato
This article reviews current knowledge about leishmaniases in Ecuador, proceeding from 1920, when the first human case was described, to the present, mainly focusing on the recent research events published. Regarding basic situations, it appears that 23 of Ecuador's 24 provinces have leishmaniasis-case reports. The disease is one of the mandatory notification infectious diseases in the country since 2005. All the 21,305 cases notified to the Ministry of Public Health, during the period from 2001 through 2014, were said to involve different clinical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) but not visceral (VL)...
December 2, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919579/alumina-delta-on-alumina-delta-bearing-in-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-aged-50-years
#15
Young-Hoo Kim, Jang-Won Park, Jun-Shik Kim
BACKGROUND: There are limited studies to evaluate long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of alumina delta ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results, prevalence of osteolysis, squeaking, and fracture of ceramic material associated with the use of the alumina delta ceramic-on-alumina delta ceramic bearing in cementless THA in patients aged <50 years. METHODS: We reviewed the cases of 277 patients (334 hips) who underwent a cementless THA using alumina delta ceramic-on-alumina delta ceramic when they were 50 years or younger at the time of surgery...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919486/consanguinity-and-multiple-sclerosis-susceptibility-a-case-control-study
#16
Helia Maghzi, Vahid Shaygannejad, Alireza Minagar, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Amir-Hadi Maghzi
BACKGROUND: Several lines of evidence point towards the importance of genetic risk factors in the susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to compare the rates of consanguineous marriages between first cousins among parents of MS patients and a healthy unrelated control group. METHOD: This study is a cross-sectional hospital registry based study, which was performed by analyzing the clinical records of patients registered with the Kashani hospital database, and also a control group of randomly selected healthy individuals...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919394/the-other-side-of-the-coin-harm-due-to-the-non-use-of-health-related-data
#17
Kerina H Jones, Graeme Laurie, Leslie Stevens, Christine Dobbs, David V Ford, Nathan Lea
INTRODUCTION: It is widely acknowledged that breaches and misuses of health-related data can have serious implications and consequently they often carry penalties. However, harm due to the omission of health data usage, or data non-use, is a subject that lacks attention. A better understanding of this 'other side of the coin' is required before it can be addressed effectively. APPROACH: This article uses an international case study approach to explore why data non-use is difficult to ascertain, the sources and types of health-related data non-use, its implications for citizens and society and some of the reasons it occurs...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919387/impacts-of-structuring-the-electronic-health-record-results-of-a-systematic-literature-review-from-the-perspective-of-secondary-use-of-patient-data
#18
REVIEW
Riikka Vuokko, Päivi Mäkelä-Bengs, Hannele Hyppönen, Minna Lindqvist, Persephone Doupi
PURPOSE: To explore the impacts that structuring of electronic health records (EHRs) has had from the perspective of secondary use of patient data as reflected in currently published literature. This paper presents the results of a systematic literature review aimed at answering the following questions; (1) what are the common methods of structuring patient data to serve secondary use purposes; (2) what are the common methods of evaluating patient data structuring in the secondary use context, and (3) what impacts or outcomes of EHR structuring have been reported from the secondary use perspective...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919371/a-machine-learning-based-framework-to-identify-type-2-diabetes-through-electronic-health-records
#19
Tao Zheng, Wei Xie, Liling Xu, Xiaoying He, Ya Zhang, Mingrong You, Gong Yang, You Chen
OBJECTIVE: To discover diverse genotype-phenotype associations affiliated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) via genome-wide association study (GWAS) and phenome-wide association study (PheWAS), more cases (T2DM subjects) and controls (subjects without T2DM) are required to be identified (e.g., via Electronic Health Records (EHR)). However, existing expert based identification algorithms often suffer in a low recall rate and could miss a large number of valuable samples under conservative filtering standards...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919308/outbreak-of-pantoea-agglomerans-bloodstream-infections-at-an-oncology-clinic-illinois-2012-2013
#20
Brian R Yablon, Raymund Dantes, Victoria Tsai, Rachel Lim, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Matthew Arduino, Bette Jensen, Megan Toth Patel, Michael O Vernon, Yoran Grant-Greene, Demian Christiansen, Craig Conover, Alexander Kallen, Alice Y Guh
OBJECTIVE To determine the source of a healthcare-associated outbreak of Pantoea agglomerans bloodstream infections. DESIGN Epidemiologic investigation of the outbreak. SETTING Oncology clinic (clinic A). METHODS Cases were defined as Pantoea isolation from blood or catheter tip cultures of clinic A patients during July 2012-May 2013. Clinic A medical charts and laboratory records were reviewed; infection prevention practices and the facility's water system were evaluated. Environmental samples were collected for culture...
December 6, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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