keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

case history

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102889/a-population-based-study-examining-injury-in-older-adults-with-and-without-dementia
#1
Lynn B Meuleners, Michelle B Hobday
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of and risk factors for injuries in older adults with and without dementia. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: Western Australian Data Linkage System (WADLS). PARTICIPANTS: Cases included 29,671 (47.9%) older adults aged 50 and older with an index hospital admission for dementia between 2001 and 2011. Comparison participants without dementia included a random sample of 32,277 (52...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102879/the-conservative-and-pharmacological-management-of-chronic-subdural-haematoma
#2
Jehuda Soleman, Fabio Noccera, Luigi Mariani
Chronic subdural haematoma (cSDH), one of the most common neurosurgical entities, occurs typically in elderly patients. The incidence is expected to double by the year 2030, owing to the continuous aging of the population. Surgery is usually the treatment of choice, but conservative treatment may be a good alternative in some situations. We provide a systematic review of studies analysing the conservative treatment options and the natural history of cSDH. Of 231 articles screened, 35 were included in this systematic review...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102857/vocal-fold-paralysis-in-preterm-infants-prevalence-and-analysis-of-risk-factors
#3
J Jabbour, M Uhing, T Robey
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the prevalence of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) in preterm (<37 weeks of gestation) infants at a single neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and identify risk factors for the development of VFP. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case control study of all surviving preterm infants admitted to the NICU at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin from 2006 to 2012, comparing those with and without VFP. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify significant risk factors for VFP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102816/clinicopathological-features-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-iga-nephropathy-with-minimal-change-disease-related-to-exposure-to-mercury-containing-cosmetics-a-case-report%C3%A2
#4
Hong-Xin Niu, Shen-Heng Li, Hong-Ying Li, Yi-Hua Chen, Wei-Wei Liu, Pei-Lin Li, Hai-Bo Long
AIM: Membranous nephropathy and minimal change disease (MCD) have been involved in mercury-induced nephrotic syndrome. IgA nephropathy is not known to be a common pathological type. In the present article, we report a case of IgA nephropathy with MCD following exposure to mercury-containing skin lightening cream. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patient was a 39-year-old woman who presented with nephrotic syndrome. She had a 6-month history of using as many as 8 kinds of skin-lightening creams, and urinary mercury excretion was high...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102813/intramedullary-amputation-neuroma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Laura Stone McGuire, Mandana Behbahini, Sumit Das, David Loeffler, Peter Burger, Herbert Engelhard, Tibor Valyi-Nagy, Ankit Mehta
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Amputation neuromas consist of non-neoplastic collections of myelinated axons and Schwann cells and typically arise in injured peripheral nerves. Rarely, however, neuromas occur within the spinal cord. Intramedullary amputation neuromas have been described both with and without a history of trauma within the peripheral nervous system. We report a rare case of an isolated intramedullary spinal cord amputation neuroma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This 43-year-old man presented with progressive and severe gait deterioration for ~ 7 years...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102583/successful-splenorenal-shunt-occlusion-with-balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-yielded-improvement-of-residual-liver-function-enabled-administration-of-direct-acting-antivirals-and-achieved-sustained-virologic-response-to-hepatitis-c-virus
#6
Hironori Ochi, Michiko Aono, Shunji Takechi, Toshie Mashiba, Tomoyuki Yokota, Kouji Joko
We report the use of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) for portosystemic shunt in one patient, resulting in marked improvements in residual liver function and enabling safe hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination with direct-acting antiviral agents. A woman undergoing outpatient treatment at our institution for HCV-related cirrhosis with a history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment developed hepatic encephalopathy (HE; Child-Pugh score 8) at age 65 years. Improvement was obtained with conservative treatment; however, contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a splenorenal shunt with decreased portal vein blood flow...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102526/hormonal-and-reproductive-factors-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-cancer
#7
Anita Koushik, Anne Grundy, Michal Abrahamowicz, Jocelyne Arseneau, Lucy Gilbert, Walter H Gotlieb, Julie Lacaille, Anne-Marie Mes-Masson, Marie-Élise Parent, Diane M Provencher, Lesley Richardson, Jack Siemiatycki
PURPOSE: Hormone-related factors have been associated with ovarian cancer, the strongest being parity and oral contraceptive use. Given reductions in birth rates and increases in oral contraceptive use over time, associations in more recent birth cohorts may differ. Furthermore, consideration of ovarian cancer heterogeneity (i.e., Type I/II invasive cancers) may contribute to a better understanding of etiology. We examined hormone-related factors in relation to ovarian cancer risk overall, for Type I and Type II cancers, as well as borderline tumors...
January 19, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102107/occupational-dietary-and-other-risk-factors-for-myelodysplastic-syndromes-in-western-greece
#8
Christina Avgerinou, Ioanna Giannezi, Stela Theodoropoulou, Vasileios Lazaris, Georgia Kolliopoulou, Panagiotis Zikos, Yannis Alamanos, Michalis Leotsinidis, Argiris Symeonidis
PURPOSE: We have observed an increasing incidence of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) in the geographic area of Western Greece during the past two decades. The objective of this study was to investigate potential risk factors for the manifestation of MDS in this area of Greece. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted in the public hospitals of the region. Participants were interviewed based on a questionnaire regarding demographics, occupational exposures, smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary, and domestic factors...
January 19, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101886/incident-alopecia-areata-and-vitiligo-in-adult-women-with-atopic-dermatitis-nurses-health-study-2
#9
Aaron M Drucker, Jordan M Thompson, Wen-Qing Li, Eunyoung Cho, Tricia Li, Emma Guttman-Yassky, Abrar A Qureshi
We aimed to determine the risk of AA and vitiligo associated with AD in a large cohort of US women, the Nurses' Health Study 2. We used logistic regression to calculate age- and multivariate-adjusted odds ratios to determine the risk of incident AA and vitiligo associated with AD diagnosed in or before 2009. A total of 87,406 and 87,447 participants were included in the AA and vitiligo analyses, respectively. A history of AD in 2009 was reported in 11% of participants. There were 147 incident cases of AA and 98 incident cases of vitiligo over 2 years of follow-up...
January 19, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101825/neurosarcoidosis-clinical-presentations-and-changing-treatment-patterns-in-an-irish-caucasian-population
#10
K O'Connell, L Williams, J Jones, D J H McCabe, D Murphy, R Killeen, N Tubridy, S O'Riordan, C McGuigan
BACKGROUND: The clinical manifestations of neurosarcoidosis are highly variable and it should be considered as a potential differential diagnosis in any neurological presentation. AIM: This study was designed to describe the clinical, diagnostic, and treatment patterns and functional outcome in a Caucasian neurosarcoidosis population. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis was performed on prospectively recorded data in patients attending our neurology clinic between 2008 and 2014 with a diagnosis of definite or probable neurosarcoidosis according to Zajiek criteria...
January 18, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101784/dental-implants-and-grafting-success-remain-high-despite-large-variations-in-maxillary-sinus-mucosal-thickening
#11
Bartosz Maska, Guo-Hao Lin, Abdullah Othman, Shabnam Behdin, Suncica Travan, Erika Benavides, Yvonne Kapila
BACKGROUND: Although mucosal thickening is the most common radiographic finding observed regarding sinus pathology, the knowledge regarding its clinical significance on the outcomes of dental implants and grafting in the maxillary sinuses is still limited. We hypothesized that mucosal thickening would not alter the predictability for sinus floor augmentation and dental implant placement. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of dental implant placement in sinus-augmented areas with preexisting sinus mucosal thickening...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101321/switching-away-from-pipotiazine-palmitate-a-naturalistic-study
#12
Feras Ali Mustafa
BACKGROUND: In March 2015, pipotiazine palmitate depot antipsychotic was globally withdrawn due to the shortage of its active ingredient. Thus, all patients receiving this medication had to be switched to an alternative antipsychotic drug. In this study we set to evaluate the process of switching away from pipotiazine palmitate within our clinical service, and its impact on hospitalization. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on patients who were receiving pipotiazine palmitate in Northamptonshire at the time of its withdrawal were anonymously extracted from their electronic records and analyzed using descriptive statistics...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101043/effects-of-disseminated-mycobacterial-infection-on-age-related-macular-degeneration
#13
Geoffrey Collett, Natalia Lopez, Pedro F Lopez
Our patient, in the 7th decade of life, presented with worsening blurry vision over 3 weeks. The pertinent history included nonexudative age-related macular degeneration, recent pulmonary mycobacterial infection, and autoimmune pancreatitis. The patient had decreased visual acuity in both eyes; the remaining findings of our examination were relatively benign. The diagnosis of bilateral exudative age-related macular degeneration was aided by ocular imaging. Not only were exudative changes confirmed, but one modality suggested an underlying occult choroiditis, which presumably fueled a local inflammatory drive leading to evolution of the disease...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101020/late-onset-of-acute-urticaria-after-bee-stings
#14
Yuko Asai, Hisashi Uhara, Atsushi Miyazaki, Minoru Saiki, Ryuhei Okuyama
Here we report the cases of five patients with a late onset of acute urticaria after a bee sting. The ages of the five Japanese patients ranged from 33 to 86 years (median: 61). All patients had no history of an allergic reaction to bee stings. The onset of urticaria was 6-14 days (median: 10) after a bee sting. Although four of the patients did not describe experiencing a bee sting at their presentation, the subsequent examination detected anti-bee-specific IgE antibodies. So, we think a history of a bee sting should thus be part of the medical interview sheet for patients with acute urticaria, and an examination of IgE for bees may help prevent a severe bee-related anaphylactic reaction in the future...
September 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100994/reocclusion-after-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-for-relieving-malignant-colorectal-obstruction-as-a-palliative-treatment
#15
Toshikatsu Nitta, Kensuke Fujii, Yoshimasa Hirata, Tomo Tominaga, Yoshihiro Inoue, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Ken Kawakami, Takashi Ishibashi
Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement has been practiced in several hospitals in Japan, including ours, since January 2012. Here, we report the case of an 82-year-old Japanese man who presented to the hospital with a 1-week history of right hypochondrial pain. Computed tomography (CT) findings indicated colorectal cancer. The laboratory findings on admission indicated severe anemia (red blood cell count, 426 × 104/μL; hemoglobin, 7.9 g/dL). We performed SEMS placement because the patient refused to undergo surgery...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100978/inflammation-and-rupture-of-a-congenital-pericardial-cyst-manifesting-itself-as-an-acute-chest-pain-syndrome
#16
Robert A Aertker, Benjamin Y C Cheong, Roberto Lufschanowski
We present the case of a 63-year-old woman with a remote history of supraventricular tachycardia and hyperlipidemia, who presented with recurrent episodes of acute-onset chest pain. An electrocardiogram showed no evidence of acute coronary syndrome. A chest radiograph revealed a prominent right-sided heart border. A suspected congenital pericardial cyst was identified on a computed tomographic chest scan, and stranding was noted around the cyst. The patient was treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and the pain initially abated...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100971/tricuspid-valve-replacement-in-an-hiv-infected-patient-with-severe-tricuspid-regurgitation-secondary-to-remote-endocarditis
#17
Merle Myerson, Ehrin J Armstrong, Eduard Poltavskiy, Jose Fefer, Heejung Bang
Surgical intervention for severe tricuspid regurgitation secondary to remote infective endocarditis has been infrequent, especially in patients also infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We describe the case of a 62-year-old HIV-positive man, with a 24-year history of endocarditis caused by intravenous heroin use, who presented with severe tricuspid regurgitation. The patient was initially asymptomatic, was taking antiretroviral medications, and had a satisfactory CD4 count and an undetectable viral load, so we decided to manage the regurgitation conservatively...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100944/ostomy-in-nontraumatic-conditions-our-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Kenan Büyükaşık, Bünyamin Gürbulak, Emre Özoran, Yiğit Düzköylü, Esin Kabul Gürbulak, Aziz Arı, Hasan Bektaş
A number of nontraumatic acute abdomen can result in peritonitis leading to sepsis. In emergent conditions, various procedures like segmentary colectomy and/or subtotal colectomy with anastomosis, Hartmann's procedure, transverse colectomy, and/or expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement can be performed, considering the status of the patient and the facilitaties of the institution. In our study, we examined the cases diagnosed as acute abdomen without the history of trauma, which had lead to a procedure requiring colostomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100574/clostridium-hastiforme-bacteraemia-secondary-to-pyometra-in-a-64-year-old-woman
#19
Matilde Ørum, David Fuglsang-Damgaard, Hans Linde Nielsen
The Gram-negative, rod-shaped, anaerobe bacteria Tissierella praeacuta was first described in 1908 by Tissier. However, during the past decade, Clostridium hastiforme has been recognised as a later synonym of T. praeacuta. C. hastiforme/T. praeacuta has only rarely been described in previous literature as a cause of human infection. We present here a case report of C. hastiforme/T. praeacuta bacteraemia secondary to pyometra in a 64-year-old woman with a history of multiple sclerosis and an intrauterine device inserted three decades earlier...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100432/effectiveness-and-impact-of-a-reduced-infant-schedule-of-4cmenb-vaccine-against-group-b-meningococcal-disease-in-england-a-national-observational-cohort-study
#20
Sydel R Parikh, Nick J Andrews, Kazim Beebeejaun, Helen Campbell, Sonia Ribeiro, Charlotte Ward, Joanne M White, Ray Borrow, Mary E Ramsay, Shamez N Ladhani
BACKGROUND: In September, 2015, the UK became the first country to introduce the multicomponent group B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine (4CMenB, Bexsero) into a publicly funded national immunisation programme. A reduced two-dose priming schedule was offered to infants at 2 months and 4 months, alongside an opportunistic catch-up for 3 month and 4 month olds. 4CMenB was predicted to protect against 73-88% of MenB strains. We aimed to assess the effectiveness and impact of 4CMenB in vaccine-eligible infants in England...
December 3, 2016: Lancet
keyword
keyword
77840
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"