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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550767/antibiotics-and-mania-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Simon Lambrichts, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Pascal Sienaert
OBJECTIVES: Mania can occur secondary to a medical condition and can be elicited by various pharmacological treatments, both in patients with or without a history of affective disorder. Antibiotic-induced mania or antibiomania is suggested to be a rare phenomenon. We reviewed the literature in order to collect published reports of antibiomania and to summarize new insights about its mechanism and management. METHODS: We performed a MEDLINE-search and used manual cross-referencing for reports of antibiotic-induced mania and included cases in which a (hypo)manic episode was diagnosed in close temporal relationship with the prescription of an antibiotic...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550628/giovanni-verga-1879-1923-author-of-a-pioneering-treatise-on-pituitary-surgery-the-foundations-of-this-new-field-in-europe-in-the-early-1900s
#2
REVIEW
José M Pascual, Lorenzo Mongardi, Ruth Prieto, Inés Castro-Dufourny, María Rosdolsky, Sewan Strauss, Rodrigo Carrasco, Eduard Winter, Paolo Mazzarello
The field of pituitary surgery was born in the first decade of the twentieth century in Europe, and it evolved rapidly with the development of numerous innovative surgical techniques by some of the founding fathers of neurosurgery. This study investigates the pioneering Italian treatise on pituitary surgery, La Patologia Chirurgica dell'Ipofisi (Surgical Pathology of the Hypophysis), published in 1911 by Giovanni Verga (1879-1923), a surgeon from Pavía and one of Golgi's disciples. This little-known monograph compiles the earliest experience on pituitary surgery through the analysis of the first 50 procedures performed between 1903 and 1911...
May 27, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550480/characteristics-associated-with-quality-of-life-among-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#3
Leone Ridsdale, Gabriella Wojewodka, Emily Robinson, Sabine Landau, Adam Noble, Stephanie Taylor, Mark Richardson, Gus Baker, Laura H Goldstein
Quality of Life (QoL) is the preferred outcome in non-pharmacological trials, but there is little UK population evidence of QoL in epilepsy. In advance of evaluating an epilepsy self-management course we aimed to describe, among UK participants, what clinical and psycho-social characteristics are associated with QoL. We recruited 404 adults attending specialist clinics, with at least two seizures in the prior year and measured their self-reported seizure frequency, co-morbidity, psychological distress, social characteristics, including self-mastery and stigma, and epilepsy-specific QoL (QOLIE-31-P)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550462/a-case-control-study-of-the-risk-factors-for-obstetric-fistula-in-tigray-ethiopia
#4
L Lewis Wall, Shewaye Belay, Tesfahun Haregot, Jonathan Dukes, Eyoel Berhan, Melaku Abreha
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We tested the null hypothesis that there were no differences between patients with obstetric fistula and parous controls without fistula. METHODS: A unmatched case-control study was carried out comparing 75 women with a history of obstetric fistula with 150 parous controls with no history of fistula. Height and weight were measured for each participant, along with basic socio-demographic and obstetric information. Descriptive statistics were calculated and differences between the groups were analyzed using Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test where appropriate, and Chi-squared or Fisher's exact test, along with backward stepwise logistic regression analyses to detect predictors of obstetric fistula...
May 26, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550385/metastatic-breast-carcinoma-to-the-superior-oblique-in-a-male
#5
Yao Wang, Pradeep Mettu, Amanda Maltry, Andrew Harrison, Ali Mokhtarzadeh
We describe a case of breast cancer metastatic to the superior oblique, in a male. The patient was a 66-year-old Caucasian male with a history of stage IIIB rectal adenocarcinoma and stage IIA left breast carcinoma diagnosed 12 years and 5 years prior, respectively, who presented with headaches and intermittent diplopia. He underwent left total mastectomy with sentinel lymph node biopsy 6 years prior, which showed ER/PR+, HER2/neu-, moderately-differentiated, infiltrating ductal carcinoma with 3/14 positive nodes...
May 26, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550143/kicked-to-touch-hoodwinked-by-torticollis
#6
Ciaran K Mc Donald, Niall Mc Goldrick, Cliodhna Ni Fhoghlu, Fintan Shannon
A 2-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a 3-day history of a painful stiff neck after getting a kick to her head from her older brother. Her general practitioner had recently started her on oral antibiotics for otitis media. Plain film imaging of her cervical spine on admission revealed anterior subluxation of C2 on C3 suggestive of bifacetal dislocation. Subsequent CT imaging confirmed malalignment of the upper cervical spine. The patient was admitted and worked up with MRI of the cervical spine which unexpectedly revealed a large 4×2 cm retropharyngeal abscess extending from C1 to C4...
May 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549916/utility-of-carotid-ultrasonography-in-management-of-an-atypical-high-vascular-risk-patient-with-recurrent-calcified-cerebral-embolic-stroke
#7
John W Liang, Jesse Weinberger, Aaron Tansy
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of recurrent calcified cerebral emboli (CCE)-related acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and the diagnostic utility of plaque morphology characterization on carotid ultrasound. BACKGROUND: CCE are a rare cause of AIS. CCE-related AIS has been previously reported only in high vascular-risk patients such as those with severe carotid stenosis, widespread atheromatous disease, or cardiac valvular disease. CCE-related AIS from a carotid origin has not been reported in patients without carotid stenosis...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549773/cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-otosclerosis-of-the-otic-capsule
#8
Jay Burmeister, Susan Rathgeb, Jacques Herzog
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of cochlear implantation of patients with otosclerosis of the otic capsule. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series of 6 patients (7 ears). PATIENTS: 6 patients (7 ears), 5 patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss; 1 patient with mild to profound sensorineural hearing loss, with radiologic evidence of otosclerosis. All patients were adult males, with or without history of stapes surgery...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549723/tracheobronchomalacia
#9
Abhishek Biswas, Michael A Jantz, P S Sriram, Hiren J Mehta
The term tracheobronchomalacia refers to excessively compliant and collapsible central airways leading to symptoms. Although seen as a coexisting condition with various other pulmonary condition, it may cause symptoms by itself. The condition is often misdiagnosed as asthma, bronchitis or just chronic cough due to a lack of specific pathognomonic history and clinical findings. The investigation revolves around different modes of imaging, lung function testing and usually confirmed by flexible bronchoscopy. The treatment widely varies based on the cause, with most cases treated conservatively with non-invasive ventilation...
May 23, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549711/symptomatic-lumbar-facet-synovial-cysts-clinical-outcomes-following-percutaneous-ct-guided-cyst-rupture-with-intraarticular-steroid-injection
#10
Steffen J Haider, Nu R Na, Clifford J Eskey, Jessica G Fried, Natalie Y Ring, Mike H Bao, David A Pastel
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes following percutaneous rupture of symptomatic lumbar facet synovial cysts (LFSCs) with intraarticular steroid injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective review, 44 consecutive patients with symptomatic LFSCs received primary treatment with CT-guided synovial cyst rupture with intraarticular steroid injection. Outcomes questionnaires were obtained before and 1, 4, 26, and 52 weeks after LFSC rupture. Assessment included pain medication use and numeric rating scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and 12-item short form health survey (SF-12) physical and mental composite scores (PCS and MCS)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549474/a-rare-presentation-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-initially-a-suspect-for-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-of-the-ureter-a-case-report
#11
Ho Seok Chung, Myung Soo Kim, Yang Hyun Cho, Eu Chang Hwang, Seung Il Jung, Taek Won Kang, Dong Deuk Kwon, Suk Hee Heo, Chan Choi
BACKGROUND: The most common metastatic sites of prostate cancer are the lymph nodes and bone. Ureteral metastasis from prostate cancer is very unusual and only a few cases have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 76-year-old male with ureteral metastasis of prostate cancer along with a review of the literature. Initially, based on the diagnostic evaluation, urothelial cell carcinoma of the left distal ureter was suspected. Nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision was performed...
May 26, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549416/management-of-intra-operative-acute-pulmonary-embolism-during-general-anesthesia-a-case-report
#12
Yuanyuan Mao, Shuai Wen, Gezi Chen, Wei Zhang, Yanqiu Ai, Jingjing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) can be life-threatening. Early detection is even more difficult for patients under general anesthesia as common symptoms are not available and the pathophysiological course of intra-operative APE is influenced by procedures of surgery and anesthesia, which makes patients under general anesthesia a distinctive group. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of APE during orthopedic surgery under general anesthesia. A 64-year-old female with atrial fibrillation and surgical history of varicosity underwent total right hip replacement surgery under general anesthesia...
May 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549011/use-of-elderly-donors-in-liver-transplantation-a-paired-match-analysis-at-a-single-center
#13
Davide Ghinolfi, Quirino Lai, Daniele Pezzati, Paolo De Simone, Erion Rreka, Franco Filipponi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of elderly donors in liver transplantation (LT) and identify risk factors associated with a worse outcome. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Use of livers from very old donors could expand the donor pool but is not universally implemented. METHODS: This is a retrospective, single-center medical record review. From January 2001 to December 2014, 1354 LTs were performed. After exclusion of donors <18 years, ABO-incompatible LT, re-LT and UNOS 1 status patients, LT recipients were stratified into 2 groups based on donor age: 18-69 (n=692) vs...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548996/distal-junctional-failure-following-pediatric-spinal-fusion
#14
Lorena V Floccari, Alvin W Su, Amy L McIntosh, Karl Rathjen, William J Shaughnessy, A Noelle Larson
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment pathology is a known complication after spinal fusion, but little has been reported on junctional failure. A series of adolescent patients presented with acute distal junctional failure (DJF). We sought to determine any common features of these patients to develop a prevention strategy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of pediatric patients who developed DJF after instrumented spinal fusion performed at 2 institutions from 1999 to 2013...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548616/pediatric-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-illustrative-case-and-systematic-review
#15
Carlito Lagman, Vera Ong, Lawrance K Chung, Lekaa Elhajjmoussa, Christina Fong, Anthony C Wang, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to present an illustrative case of pediatric superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) and to systematically review the current published literature in the pediatric population. METHODS An electronic search of the Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Embase databases was performed by 2 independent authors through January 2017. Search term combinations included "pediatrics," "children," "canal," and "dehiscence." Inclusion criteria were as follows: English, full-text clinical studies, case reports, and case series describing pediatric patient(s) (younger than 18 years) with CT evidence of SSCD...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548206/the-phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-hakea-proteaceae-reveals-the-role-of-biome-shifts-in-a-continental-plant-radiation
#16
Marcel Cardillo, Peter H Weston, Zoe K M Reynolds, Peter M Olde, Austin R Mast, Emily Lemmon, Alan R Lemmon, Lindell Bromham
The frequency of evolutionary biome shifts during diversification has important implications for our ability to explain geographic patterns of plant diversity. Recent studies present several examples of biome shifts, but whether frequencies of biome shifts closely reflect geographic proximity or environmental similarity of biomes remains poorly known. We explore this question by using phylogenomic methods to estimate the phylogeny of Hakea, a diverse Australian genus occupying a wide range of biomes. Model-based estimation of ancestral regions indicates that Hakea began diversifying in the Mediterranean biome of southern Australia in the Middle Eocene - Early Oligocene, and dispersed repeatedly into other biomes across the continent...
May 26, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546875/spinal-cord-infarct-caused-from-suspected-fibrocartilaginous-embolism
#17
Ayham M Alkhachroum, Danielle Weiss, Alan Lerner, Michael A De Georgia
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of spinal cord infarct as a result of suspected fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE). CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old man presented with sudden onset cervical and upper back pain followed by progressive weakness in his extremities after throwing a baseball. History, neurologic examination and spinal cord imaging were consistent with spinal cord infarct. We believe the cause was from FCE. DISCUSSION: Though rare, physicians should be familiar with this diagnosis and the proposed mechanisms...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546874/acute-paraparesis-and-sensory-loss-following-intravenous-corticosteroid-administration-in-a-case-of-longitudinally-extensive-transverse-myelitis-caused-by-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Michael A DiSano, Russell Cerejo, MaryAnn Mays
INTRODUCTION: The underlying causes of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) are broad and include inflammatory processes, compression and spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF). Presenting symptoms of SDAVF are nonspecific and often go misdiagnosed. Acute clinical deterioration from SDAVF has been described following exertion or valsalva. However, deterioration has been recently recognized following steroid administration and may contribute to increased morbidity. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 63-year-old woman with a 2-year history of intermittent lower extremity numbness and back pain, lumbar stenosis, who presented with subacute worsening of symptoms following a course of oral steroids for an upper respiratory infection...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546867/tethered-cord-syndrome-with-spina-bifida-aperta-in-cats-two-case-reports-of-different-types
#19
Masahiro Tamura, Takashi Oji, Satoshi Une, Makiko Mukaino, Tatsuro Bekki, Masaki Tado, Hiromi Koyama, Yumiko Kagawa, Mutsumi Kawata
CASE SUMMARY: Two castrated male cats, aged 8 months old (case 1) and 10 months old (case 2), showed a history of progressive paraparesis, an over-reaching pelvic limb gait, urinary incontinence and a palpable dermoid fistula. In case 1, the fistula was connected to the dural sac on the conus medullaris, and the tethered spinal cord was retracted caudally. In case 2, the tubular structure was connected to the dural sac on the thoracic spinal cord, and the tethered spinal cord was retracted dorsally...
January 2017: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546705/sinonasal-mass-a-recent-study-of-its-clinicopathological-profile
#20
P Agarwal, R Panigrahi
A variety of non-neoplastic and neoplastic conditions involving the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses (PNS), and nasopharynx are commonly encountered in clinical practice. The objectives of the study were to identify various pathological conditions that present with sinus or nasal mass, to understand their varied clinical behavior, to know the distribution of various lesions among the different age and sex groups, and to study the management of sinonasal masses and its outcome on follow-up. A prospective study was carried out from September 2013 to August 2015, in the Otorhinolaryngology Department of Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
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