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jugular bulb saturation

Aya Doe, Motoi Kumagai, Yuichiro Tamura, Akira Sakai, Kenji Suzuki
PURPOSE: Steep Trendelenburg position and pneumoperitoneum during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) increase intracranial pressure (ICP) and may alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygenation. Volatile anesthetics and propofol have different effects on ICP, CBF, and cerebral metabolic rate and may have different impact on cerebral oxygenation during RALP. In this study, we measured jugular venous bulb oxygenation (SjO2) and regional oxygen saturation (SctO2) in patients undergoing RALP to evaluate cerebral oxygenation and compared the effects of sevoflurane and propofol...
December 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Aymen N Naguib, Peter D Winch, Roby Sebastian, Daniel Gomez, Luisa Guzman, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin, Mark Galantowicz, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive monitoring technique that measures regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2). OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to compare the output of 2 NIRS-based cerebral oximetry devices, FORESIGHT (CAS Medical Systems Inc, Branford, Connecticut) and INVOS (Covidien, Boulder, Colorado), to venous oxygen saturations from the jugular venous bulb at cannulation and decannulation of the superior vena cava (SVC). Secondary objectives included evaluating correlations of cerebral saturation, as measured by the NIRS devices, with mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), measured by an invasive arterial line, and end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Junji Egawa, Satoki Inoue, Tadashi Nishiwada, Takashi Tojo, Michitaka Kimura, Takeshi Kawaguchi, Shigeki Taniguchi, Hitoshi Furuya, Masahiko Kawaguchi
PURPOSE: One-lung ventilation (OLV) may impair cerebral oxygen balance and induce postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). It is unclear whether the type of anesthetic influences the incidence of POCD in patients undergoing OLV. This prospective study compared the incidence of POCD and intraoperative cerebral oxygen desaturation in OLV patients anesthetized with propofol vs sevoflurane during lung surgery. METHODS: There were 148 participants enrolled in this study and randomized equally to either the propofol or the sevoflurane group...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Lanjuan Xu, Baolin Li, Caifu Yang, Chengjian Li, Yueli Peng
In order to discuss the clinical efficacy of simulation hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for severe craniocerebral injury and analyze the related factors of it, 108 patients who transferred to our department during December 2010 - December 2014 for ventilator treatment after operation of severe craniocerebral injury were taken as the subjects of the study. These patients were divided into conventional treatment group and simulation hyperbaric oxygen therapy group to contrast the curative effects. At the meantime, GOS score and length of stay in intensive care unit (ICU) of two groups 6 months after treatment, as well as changes in the indexes of the HBO group during treatment were performed statistical analysis...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jun-Ying Guo, Jie-Yu Fang, San-Rong Xu, Ming Wei, Wen-Qi Huang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction induced by anesthetics, particularly in elderly patients with impaired oxygenation, is a common complication of surgery and is eliciting increased interest in clinical practice. To investigate the effects of anesthetics on neurocognition, we compared the effects of propofol versus sevoflurane on cerebral oxygenation and cognitive outcome in patients with impaired cerebral oxygenation undergoing general anesthesia. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with impaired cerebral oxygenation (jugular venous bulb oxygen saturation [SjvO2] <50%) or cerebral blood flow/cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen ([CBF/CMRO2] ≤15%) undergoing elective abdominal surgery were randomly allocated into propofol group (group P) or sevoflurane group (group S)...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Zhiyong Hu, Lili Xu, Zhirui Zhu, Robert Seal, Patrick M McQuillan
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2), internal jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2), mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2), and bispectral index (BIS) used to monitor cerebral oxygen balance in pediatric patients.Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Class II-III patients aged 1 to 4 years old with congenital heart disease scheduled for elective cardiac surgery were included in this study. Temperature, BIS, rSO2, mean arterial pressure, central venous pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and hematocrit were recorded...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lan Meng, Shu-Qin Li, Nan Ji, Fang Luo
BACKGROUND: The optimal ventilated status under total intravenous or inhalation anesthesia in neurosurgical patients with a supratentorial tumor has not been ascertained. The purpose of this study was to intraoperatively compare the effects of moderate hyperventilation on the jugular bulb oxygen saturation (SjO 2 ), cerebral oxygen extraction ratio (O 2 ER), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) in patients with a supratentorial tumor under different anesthetic regimens...
May 20, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
Lili Xu, Zhiyong Hu, Jianjun Shen, Patrick M McQuillan
SPECIFIC AIM: Cerebral injury caused by hypoperfusion during the perioperative period is one of the main causes of disability and death in patients after major surgery. No effective protective or preventative strategies have been identified. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on cerebral oxygen and glucose metabolism in elderly patients with known, pre-existing cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Sixty ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) II-III patients, diagnosed with vertebral artery ischemia by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD), and scheduled for elective total hip replacement surgery, were enrolled in the study...
April 2015: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Jian-Rong Guo, Hua-Chun Shen, Yang Liu, Feng Xu, Yi-Wei Zhang, Jian-Ping Zhang, Da-Wei Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) combined with controlled low central venous pressure (LCVP) on the cerebral oxygen metabolism of patients with hepalobectomy. METHODOLOGY: Undergoing hepatic resection operation in 60 cases, were randomly divided into control group, LCVP group (Group II) and ANH + LCVP group (Group IIl). Before hemodilution (T1), decrease of CVP (T2) and increase of CVP (T3) and at the end of surgery (T4), the blood was sampled via the jugular vein bulb and radial artery for blood gas analysis...
November 2014: Hepato-gastroenterology
Daniel Redford, Samata Paidy, Faisal Kashif
BACKGROUND: Traditional patient monitoring may not detect cerebral tissue hypoxia, and typical interventions may not improve tissue oxygenation. Therefore, monitoring cerebral tissue oxygen status with regional oximetry is being increasingly used by anesthesiologists and perfusionists during surgery. In this study, we evaluated absolute and trend accuracy of a new regional oximetry technology in healthy volunteers. METHODS: A near-infrared spectroscopy sensor connected to a regional oximetry system (O3™, Masimo, Irvine, CA) was placed on the subject's forehead, to provide continuous measurement of regional oxygen saturation (rSO2)...
December 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Keita Ikeda, David B MacLeod, Hilary P Grocott, Eugene W Moretti, Warwick Ames, Charles Vacchiano
BACKGROUND: An intriguing potential clinical use of cerebral oximeter measurements (SctO2) is the ability to noninvasively estimate jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2). Our purpose in this study was to determine the accuracy of the FORE-SIGHT(®) (CAS Medical Systems, Branford, CT), which is calibrated to a weighted average of 70% (SjvO2) and 30% arterial saturation, for Food and Drug Administration pre-market approval 510(k) certification by adapting an industry standard protocol, ISO 9919:2005 (www...
December 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Tatsuo Kadoya, Shoichi Kurosaka, Munehiro Shiraishi, Hirofumi Uehara, Toshinori Yamamoto
A 77-year-old man scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting underwent left superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis (STA MCA). Before anesthesia, we planned to insert an intraaortic balloon pump as a perioperative circulatory assist. In addition, a fiberoptic catheter was inserted in the proximity of the right jugular bulb to monitor jugular venous oxygen saturation (Sjv(O2)) as an index of the balance between cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (CMRO2)...
August 2014: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Lei Hui, Fazheng Shen, Haigang Chang, Xiangsheng Li, Guojun Gao, Jiwei Ma
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of ulinastatin on cerebral oxygen metabolism and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). A total of 92 patients with sTBI, admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University (Xinxiang, China), were randomly divided into control and observation groups. The control group received conventional therapy plus a placebo (0.9% sodium chloride), while the observation group were administered conventional therapy plus 200,000 units ulinastatin via intravenous injection twice a day for seven days...
June 2014: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Mohmaed Shaaban Ali, Sameh Abd Al Rhman Sayed, Maged Salah Mohamoud, Sayed Kaoud Abd-Elshafy, Mohamed Gomaa Almaz
BACKGROUND: A debate has appeared in the recent literature about the optimum rewarming strategy (slow vs. rapid) for the best brain function. This study was designed to compare the effect of slow versus rapid rewarming on jugular bulb oxygen saturation (SjO2) in adult patients undergoing open heart surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 patients undergoing valve and adult congenital heart surgery were randomly allocated equally to rapid rewarming group 0...
April 2014: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Henrik Sørensen, Peter Rasmussen, Christoph Siebenmann, Morten Zaar, Morten Hvidtfeldt, Shigehiko Ogoh, Kohei Sato, Matthias Kohl-Bareis, Niels H Secher, Carsten Lundby
INTRODUCTION: Frontal lobe oxygenation (Sc O2 ) is assessed by spatially resolved near-infrared spectroscopy (SR-NIRS) although it seems influenced by extra-cerebral oxygenation. We aimed to quantify the impact of extra-cerebral oxygenation on two SR-NIRS derived Sc O2 . METHODS: Multiple regression analysis estimated the influence of extra-cerebral oxygenation as exemplified by skin oxygenation (Sskin O2 ) on Sc O2 in 21 healthy subjects exposed to whole-body exercise in hypoxia (Fi O2  = 12%; n = 10) and normoxia (n = 12), whole-body heating, hyperventilation (n = 21), administration of norepinephrine with and without petCO2 -correction (n = 15), phenylephrine and head-up tilt (n = 7)...
May 2015: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
H Sørensen, P Rasmussen, K Sato, S Persson, N D Olesen, H B Nielsen, N V Olsen, S Ogoh, N H Secher
BACKGROUND: Phenylephrine and ephedrine affect frontal lobe oxygenation ([Formula: see text]) differently when assessed by spatially resolved near infrared spectroscopy. We evaluated the effect of phenylephrine and ephedrine on extra- vs intra-cerebral blood flow and on [Formula: see text]. METHODS: In 10 healthy males (age 20-54 yr), phenylephrine or ephedrine was infused for an ∼20 mm Hg increase in mean arterial pressure. Cerebral oxygenation (SavO₂) was calculated from the arterial and jugular bulb oxygen saturations...
September 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Guy Rosenthal, Alex Furmanov, Eyal Itshayek, Yigal Shoshan, Vineeta Singh
OBJECT: Development of a noninvasive monitor to assess cerebral oxygenation has long been a goal in neurocritical care. The authors evaluated the feasibility and utility of a noninvasive cerebral oxygenation monitor, the CerOx 3110, which uses near-infrared spectroscopy and ultrasound to measure regional cerebral tissue oxygenation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and compared measurements obtained using this device to those obtained using invasive cerebral monitoring...
April 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery
Jennifer M Lynch, Erin M Buckley, Peter J Schwab, David R Busch, Brian D Hanna, Mary E Putt, Daniel J Licht, Arjun G Yodh
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Cerebral oxygen extraction, defined as the difference between arterial and venous oxygen saturations (SaO2 and SvO2), is a critical parameter for managing intensive care patients at risk for neurological collapse. Although quantification of SaO2 is easily performed with pulse oximetry or moderately invasive arterial blood draws in peripheral vessels, cerebral SvO2 is frequently not monitored because of the invasiveness and risk associated with obtaining jugular bulb or super vena cava (SVC) blood samples...
February 2014: Academic Radiology
E Kotlinska-Hasiec, W Dabrowski, Z Rzecki, B Rybojad, J Pilat, B De Keulenaer, M Lng Malbrain
BACKGROUND: Disorders in cerebral circulation following elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) may lead to silent brain ischemia, which can be serious problem in sedated critically ill patients. The aim of the present study was to analyse the possible association between jugular venous bulb pressure (JVBP) and jugular venous bulb saturation (SjO2) to IAP in critically ill patients. METHODS: Adult septic shock patients with acute kidney injury were studied just after the admission to Intensive Care Unit and after 24 and 48 hours of treatment...
July 2014: Minerva Anestesiologica
Soo Y Cho, Seok J Kim, Cheol W Jeong, Chang Y Jeong, Sung S Chung, JongUn Lee, Kyung Y Yoo
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgery in the beach chair position (BCP) are at a risk of cerebral ischemia. We evaluated the effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on hemodynamics and cerebral oxygenation during surgery in the BCP. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing shoulder surgery in BCP under propofol-remifentanil anesthesia were randomly allocated either to receive IV AVP 0.07 U/kg (AVP group, N = 15) or an equal volume of saline (control group, N = 15) 2 minutes before taking BCP...
December 2013: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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