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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474804/use-of-fibers-in-childhood-constipation-treatment-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Patricia P Mello, Diego A Eifer, Elza D Mello
OBJECTIVE: To gather current evidence on the use of fiber for constipation treatment in pediatric patients. SOURCE OF DATA: Systematic review with meta-analysis of studies identified through Pubmed, Embase, LILACS and Cochrane databases published up to 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials; patients aged between 1 and 18 years and diagnosed with functional constipation receiving or not drug treatment for constipation; articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, and German in journals accessible to the researchers...
February 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474685/process-evaluation-of-the-healthesteps%C3%A2-lifestyle-prescription-program
#2
Wendy Blunt, Dawn P Gill, Brendan Riggin, Judith Belle Brown, Robert J Petrella
Physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, and poor diet are contributing to the rise in chronic disease rates throughout the world. HealtheSteps™ is a lifestyle prescription program focused on reducing risk factors for chronic disease through in-person coaching sessions, goal setting and tracking, and technology supports. A process evaluation was conducted alongside a pragmatic randomized controlled trial to: (a) explore the acceptability of HealtheSteps™ program from coach and participant perspectives; and (b) identify where the program can be improved...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472765/effect-of-dietary-fish-meal-replacement-by-red-algae-gracilaria-arcuata-on-growth-performance-and-body-composition-of-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#3
El-Sayed M Younis, Abdullah S Al-Quffail, Nasser A Al-Asgah, Abdel-Wahab A Abdel-Warith, Yousef S Al-Hafedh
A 12-week long feeding experiment was initiated to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of red algae, Gracilaria arcuata , on the growth performance, feed utilization and body composition of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). The fish were fed with an algae-free control diet (C) and three experimental diets which replaced conventional fish meal with varying levels of dried G. arcuata (20%, 40% and 60%, represented as G20, G40 and G60, respectively). The growth parameters of final weight (FW), weight gain (WG), percentage of weight gain (WG%), daily growth rate (DGR) and specific growth rate (SGR) were significantly reduced (P < 0...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472174/peer-based-social-media-features-in-behavior-change-interventions-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Sheik Mohammad Roushdat Ally Elaheebocus, Mark Weal, Leanne Morrison, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Incorporating social media features into digital behavior change interventions (DBCIs) has the potential to contribute positively to their success. However, the lack of clear design principles to describe and guide the use of these features in behavioral interventions limits cross-study comparisons of their uses and effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of DBCIs targeting modifiable behavioral risk factors that have included social media features as part of their intervention infrastructure...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472121/the-relationship-between-energy-intake-and-body-growth-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#5
J W Woestenenk, G W Dalmeijer, C K van der Ent, R H Houwen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Body-growth, expressed as weight- and height gain, is a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Whether current historically based recommendations on a high-energy diet are sufficient for optimal growth is questionable. We therefore assessed the longitudinal relation between body-growth and routine energy intake in paediatric CF patients. METHODS: Included were patients with CF, aged 2-10 years of whom we obtained 969 measurements of weight and height along with dietary records, and 786 coefficient of fat absorption measurements (CFA)...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471802/the-short-term-economic-burden-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-italy
#6
Michela Meregaglia, Livia Dainelli, Helen Banks, Chiara Benedetto, Patrick Detzel, Giovanni Fattore
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising in all developed countries. This study aimed at assessing the short-term economic burden of GDM from the Italian healthcare system perspective. METHODS: A model was built over the last pregnancy trimester (i.e., from the 28th gestational week until childbirth included). The National Hospital Discharge Database (2014) was accessed to estimate delivery outcome probabilities and inpatient costs in GDM and normal pregnancies (i...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471400/increased-dietary-protein-or-free-amino-acids-supply-for-heat-stress-pigs-effect-on-performance-and-carcass-traits
#7
A Morales, M Chávez, N Vásquez, J K Htoo, L Buenabad, S Espinoza, M Cervantes
Heat stress (HS) pigs reduce their voluntary feed intake (VFI) and ingestion of indispensable amino acids (AA). Increasing the dietary CP content may help to correct the reduced AA intake by HS pigs, but it may further increase their body heat load. Increasing the AA intake by adding free AA to the diet does not affect the heat load of HS pigs. Two 21-d experiments were conducted. In Exp. 1, 30 pigs (31.1 ± 1.2 kg initial BW) were used to determine the performance depression because of HS. Treatments were: thermo neutral pigs fed a 22% CP control diet (TN-C); HS pigs fed the control diet (HS-C); HS pigs fed a 14% CP, AA supplemented diet (HS-AA)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471174/characterizing-gestational-weight-gain-in-a-cohort-of-indigenous-australian-women
#8
Tracy L Schumacher, Loretta Weatherall, Lyniece Keogh, Kathryn Sutherland, Clare E Collins, Kirsty G Pringle, Kym M Rae
OBJECTIVE: to determine the adequacy of gestational weight gain for a cohort of Indigenous Australian women and investigate whether it is associated with pre-pregnancy body mass index. DESIGN: analysis of observational data collected from a longitudinal cohort study that follows Indigenous Australian women through pregnancy. SETTING: women recruited through antenatal clinics in regional and remote towns in NSW, Australia to the Gomeroi gaaynggal program...
January 31, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469617/are-energy-drinks-scapegoats-decomposing-teenagers-caffeine-intake-from-energy-drinks-and-soda-beverages
#9
Ofir Turel
BACKGROUND: Energy drinks have been repeatedly blamed for contributing to caffeine intake among teenagers. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate and compare the caffeine intake of US teenagers from soda drinks versus energy drinks and shots. METHODS: Data were taken from a 2015 nationally representative survey (Monitoring the Future) of 8th and 10th graders in the US (47.2% 8th grade; 51.1% female). Participants reported their numbers of consumed sodas, diet sodas, energy drinks, and energy shots per day...
February 22, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468148/polyamines-bio-molecules-with-diverse-functions-in-plant-and-human-health-and-disease
#10
REVIEW
Avtar K Handa, Tahira Fatima, Autar K Mattoo
Biogenic amines-polyamines (PAs), particularly putrescine, spermidine and spermine are ubiquitous in all living cells. Their indispensable roles in many biochemical and physiological processes are becoming commonly known, including promoters of plant life and differential roles in human health and disease. PAs positively impact cellular functions in plants-exemplified by increasing longevity, reviving physiological memory, enhancing carbon and nitrogen resource allocation/signaling, as well as in plant development and responses to extreme environments...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468012/the-use-of-nutritional-guidance-within-chiropractic-patient-management-a-survey-of-333-chiropractors-from-the-acorn-practice-based-research-network
#11
Mi Kyung Lee, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, Vincenzo Cascioli, Jon Adams
Background: Food consumption and nutritional status affect an individual's health throughout their life-course and an unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for the current global burden of chronic disease. The promotion of health and good nutrition through healthy eating requires the active involvement of all health professionals including chiropractors. This paper reports findings from the first nationally representative examination of the use of nutritional guidance within chiropractic patient management in Australia...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467134/nhs-diabetes-prevention-programme-in-england-formative-evaluation-of-the-programme-in-early-phase-implementation
#12
Linda Penn, Angela Rodrigues, Anna Haste, Marta M Marques, Kirsten Budig, Kirby Sainsbury, Ruth Bell, Vera Araújo-Soares, Martin White, Carolyn Summerbell, Elizabeth Goyder, Alan Brennan, Ashley J Adamson, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the demonstrator phase and first wave roll-out of the National Health Service (NHS) Diabetes Prevention Programme (DPP) in England. To examine: (1) intervention design, provision and fidelity assessment procedures; (2) risk assessment and recruitment pathways and (3) data collection for monitoring and evaluation. To provide recommendations informing decision makers on programme quality, improvements and future evaluation. DESIGN: We reviewed programme documents, mapping against the NHS DPP specification and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) public health guideline: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevention in people at high risk (PH38), conducted qualitative research using individual interviews and focus group discussions with stakeholders and examined recruitment, fidelity and data collection procedures...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466822/alternative-ern%C3%A3-hrungsformen-allgemeine-aspekte-und-vegetarische-kostformen
#13
Alexander Ströhle, Christian Löser, Isabel Behrendt, Claus Leitzmann, Andreas Hahn
Alternative diets (AD) differ from the current common mixed diet; AD are recommended as a permanent diet. These diets are based on ethical, philosophical and health promoting principles and lead to very different recommendations for food selection. Even within a particular AD there is usually a broad spectrum of versions, so that a general evaluation is only possible to a limited extent. This is also true for single AD. Vegetarian diets and partly paleo-diets have been investigated to a reasonable extent. Plant based diets are appropriate as permanent diets and offer health benefits as compared with currently practiced diets (risk reduction of cancers by 10-18% and of heart diseases by 30%; favorable effect on blood pressure and lipid profile; no risk reduction on cancer and total mortality)...
February 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466788/metformin-induced-changes-of-the-coding-transcriptome-and-non-coding-rnas-in-the-livers-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-mice
#14
Jun Guo, Yuan Zhou, Yafen Cheng, Weiwei Fang, Gang Hu, Jie Wei, Yajun Lin, Yong Man, Lixin Guo, Mingxiao Sun, Qinghua Cui, Jian Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have suggested that changes in non-coding mRNA play a key role in the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Metformin is now recommended and effective for the treatment of NAFLD. We hope the current analyses of the non-coding mRNA transcriptome will provide a better presentation of the potential roles of mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that underlie NAFLD and metformin intervention. METHODS: The present study mainly analysed changes in the coding transcriptome and non-coding RNAs after the application of a five-week metformin intervention...
February 16, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465425/optimization-of-nutrition-during-allogeneic-hematologic-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
Annic Baumgartner, Katja Hoskin, Philipp Schuetz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition before and during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an independent risk factor for mortality in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Yet, optimal use of nutritional support to improve outcomes remains controversial. Our aim was to do an up-to-date literature review regarding nutritional therapy in allogeneic HSCT, the neutropenic diet and the use of immunonutrients. RECENT FINDINGS: Several observational studies find malnutrition to be associated with poor outcome, increased complications and lower overall survival...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465424/nutritional-approach-to-preeclampsia-prevention
#16
Najate Achamrah, Agnès Ditisheim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although not fully understood, the physiopathology of preeclampsia is thought to involve abnormal placentation, diffuse endothelial cell dysfunction and increased systemic inflammation. As micronutrients play a key role in placental endothelial function, oxidative stress and expression of angiogenic factors, periconceptional micronutrient supplementation has been proposed to reduce the risk of preeclampsia. However, recent studies reported conflicting results. RECENT FINDINGS: Calcium intake (>1 g/day) may reduce the risk of preeclampsia in women with low-calcium diet...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464820/homelessness-and-emergency-medicine-furthering-the-conversation
#17
Bisan A Salhi, Melissa White, Stephen R Pitts, David W Wright
We thank the authors for their interest in our work, for their recommendations for future research, and for the insight they add to the national context of homelessness and emergency medicine. We agree with the authors that Emergency Departments (EDs) across the US have a critical role to play in shedding light on the life-threatening consequences of housing deprivation and in advocating for measures to improve the health of homeless persons, housing being chief among them. We are aware that this is a daunting task-one that pushes the limits of our specialty and challenges us to think differently about health and health care...
February 21, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464547/comparative-evaluation-of-technetium-99m-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic-acid-renal-dynamic-imaging-versus-the-modification-of-diet-in-renal-disease-equation-and-the-chronic-kidney-disease-epidemiology-collaboration-equation-for-the-estimation-of-gfr
#18
Qi Huang, Yunshuang Chen, Min Zhang, Sihe Wang, Weiguang Zhang, Guangyan Cai, Xiangmei Chen, Xuefeng Sun
PURPOSE: We compared the performance of technetium-99m-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (99m Tc-DTPA) renal dynamic imaging (RDI), the MDRD equation, and the CKD EPI equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR). METHODS: A total of 551 subjects, including CKD patients and healthy individuals, were enrolled in this study. Dual plasma sample clearance method of99m Tc-DTPA was used as the true value for GFR (tGFR). RDI and the MDRD and CKD EPI equations for estimating GFR were compared and evaluated...
February 20, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464536/a-specialized-medical-management-program-to-address-post-operative-weight-regain-in-bariatric-patients
#19
Gitanjali Srivastava, Cynthia Buffington
INTRODUCTION: Although bariatric surgery results in massive weight loss, weight regain over time up to as much as 25% is not uncommon. Weight regain in this population often leads to long-term weight loss failure and non-compliance in clinical follow-up and program recommendations. METHODS: We analyzed early weight outcomes at 3 and 6 months of 48 bariatric patients referred to an individualized, multidisciplinary medical management program at the Center for Obesity Medicine (COM) to address weight regain in 2015 and compared to a group of matched non-bariatric patients...
February 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461280/the-rationale-for-a-role-for-diet-and-nutrition-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-cancer
#20
Jean Logan, Megan W Bourassa
There is considerable evidence to support dietary recommendations for prevention of cancer as well as for patients undergoing or recovering from cancer treatment. We consider here implications from human, animal and in-vitro studies of the effects of dietary factors (macronutrients and micronutrients-phytochemicals) on cancer. An important epidemiology study, the China Project found a significant correlation between disease incidence and markers of animal product consumption. Evidence of the role of animal protein in the promotion of cancer also comes from animal studies...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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