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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932589/sex-and-race-ethnicity-differences-in-following-dietary-and-exercise-recommendations-for-u-s-representative-sample-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
This study examined sex by race/ethnicity differences in medical advice received for diet and exercise with corresponding health behaviors of a U.S. representative sample of adults with type 2 diabetes (N = 1,269). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 2011-2014 for 185 Mexican Americans, 123 Other Hispanics, 392 non-Hispanic Blacks, 140 non-Hispanic Asians, and 429 non-Hispanic Whites were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Reporting being given dietary and exercise advice was positively associated with reporting following the behavior...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931314/developing-a-performance-standard-for-adequate-sanitization-of-wire-bar-lids
#2
Linna E Srn, Louise K Hammarberg, Robin J Kastenmayer, Liselotte C Hallengren
The wire-bar lids on rodent cages are an integral part of the microenvironment and as such can impact rodent health and wellbeing. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals recommends changing wire-bar lids every other week but does not include a predetermined performance standard. To develop a sanitization performance standard, we evaluated the bacterial and other cellular burden of wire-bar lids over 4 wk. The results show no significant difference in ATP or bacterial burden over 3 wk of continuous use in conventional cages with standard rodent pelleted or high-fat diet or in IVC with an irradiated diet...
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928772/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-lifestyle-changes-in-minority-ethnic-populations-in-the-uk-a-narrative-review
#3
Naina Patel, Harriet Batista Ferrer, Freya Tyrer, Paula Wray, Azhar Farooqi, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
Minority ethnic populations experience a disproportionate burden of health inequalities compared with the rest of the population, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The purpose of this narrative review was to explore knowledge and attitudes around diabetes, physical activity and diet and identify barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority ethnic populations in the UK. The narrative review focused on three key research topics in relation to barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority adult ethnic populations: (i) knowledge and attitudes about diabetes risk; (ii) current behaviours and knowledge about physical activity and diet; and (iii) barriers and facilitators to living a healthier lifestyle...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928524/review-of-medicinal-remedies-on-hand-eczema-based-on-iranian-traditional-medicine-a-narrative-review-article
#4
REVIEW
Parvin Mansouri, Aleme Khademi, Daryoush Pahlevan, Zahra Memariani, Jale Aliasl, Laila Shirbeigii
BACKGROUND: Hand Eczema (HE) is a dermatological disorder with frequent relapses and multiple causes such as atopic, allergic and irritant contact dermatitis. The management is complex because of the wide range of different pathogenesis. Efficacy of some of available treatments is not well established and it can affect patients' quality of life significantly. METHODS: Reports on HE such as diagnosis, pathophysiology, pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapy that described in medieval Iranian medicine, were gathered and analyzed from selected medical and pharmaceutical textbooks of Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM)...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928116/effects-of-the-national-school-lunch-program-on-bone-growth-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#5
Toshiyuki Kohri, Naoko Kaba, Tatsuki Itoh, Satoshi Sasaki
The Japanese school lunch program with milk was designed to supply 33-50% of the necessary nutrients per day and 50% of the recommended dietary allowance for calcium, which is difficult to obtain from Japanese meals. Although this program contributes to the mental and physical development of children, the effect of these meals on the bone growth in children remains unknown. Therefore, we compared the effect of school lunch with milk on bone growth between elementary school children attending schools that did not enforce the school lunch with milk program (box-lunch group) and those attending schools that did enforce the program (school-lunch group)...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925211/impacts-of-fat-from-ruminants-meat-on-cardiovascular-health-and-possible-strategies-to-alter-its-lipid-composition
#6
REVIEW
Vargas-Bello-Pérez E, Larraín R E
In the last decades there has been an increased consumer interest in the fatty acid (FA) composition of ruminant meat due to its content of saturated FA, which have been implicated in diseases associated with modern life. However, recent studies have questioned the recommendations to reduce intake of fat, saturated FA and cholesterol as a mean of reducing risk of cardiovascular disease. Interestingly, ruminant meat has some bioactive lipids such as C18:1t11 and C18:2 c9, t11 which have been reported to have positive effects on human health...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924380/adherence-to-the-2006-american-heart-association-s-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-is-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-in-older-chinese
#7
G D Chen, D Ding, H Y Tian, Y Y Zhu, W T Cao, C Wang, Y M Chen
: This cross-sectional study investigated the association between the modified 2006 American Heart Association Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations (AHA-DLR) and bone mineral density in Chinese adults. We found that better adherence to the AHA-DLR associated with higher bone mineral density (BMD) at multiple sites. INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence shows that cardiovascular disease (CVD) and osteoporosis are associated with each other, yet little research has focused on whether strategies to reduce CVD risk could also benefit bone health...
December 6, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924137/exercise-induced-stress-behavior-gut-microbiota-brain-axis-and-diet-a-systematic-review-for-athletes
#8
REVIEW
Allison Clark, Núria Mach
Fatigue, mood disturbances, under performance and gastrointestinal distress are common among athletes during training and competition. The psychosocial and physical demands during intense exercise can initiate a stress response activating the sympathetic-adrenomedullary and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axes, resulting in the release of stress and catabolic hormones, inflammatory cytokines and microbial molecules. The gut is home to trillions of microorganisms that have fundamental roles in many aspects of human biology, including metabolism, endocrine, neuronal and immune function...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923963/motivators-and-barriers-to-engaging-in-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-young-adult-men
#9
Lee M Ashton, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins
Many Australian young men (18-25 years) fail to meet recommendations in national dietary or physical activity (PA) guidelines. However, there is a lack of understanding of their perspectives on PA and diet to inform intervention design. This study examined young men's motivators and barriers to healthy eating and PA, along with differences by demographic and behavioral factors. A cross-sectional online survey was completed by 282 men aged 18 to 25 years in Australia. Results identified the most common motivators for healthy eating included improving health (63...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923356/metric-properties-of-the-prescribe-healthy-life-screening-questionnaire-to-detect-healthy-behaviors-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#10
Paola Bully, Alvaro Sanchez, Gonzalo Grandes, Haizea Pombo, Ma Soledad Arietalenizbeaskoa, Veronica Arce, Catalina Martinez
BACKGROUND: Feasible and valid assessment of healthy behaviors is the first step for integrating health promotion in routine primary care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the validity and reliability of the "prescribe healthy life" screening questionnaire, a brief tool for detecting physical activity levels, consumption of fruit and vegetables, tobacco use and patients' compliance with minimal recommendations. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study to determine the reliability and validity of this questionnaire by means of mixed (qualitative and quantitative) methods...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922230/consensus-statement-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-among-infants-and-children-in-turkey
#11
Aydan Kansu, Aysel Yüce, Buket Dalgıç, Bülent Enis Şekerel, Fügen Çullu-Çokuğraş, Haluk Çokuğraş
The present paper aims to provide experts' consensus on diagnosis and management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants and children in Turkey, based on review of available evidence-based guidelines, publications and experts' clinical experience. The experts agreed that CMPA diagnosis should be based on symptomatic evaluation and diagnostic elimination diet as followed by implementation of an open challenge test after disappearance of symptoms and confirmation of CMPA diagnosis in re-appearance of symptoms...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921432/-composition-of-macronutrients-in-the-diabetic-diet
#12
Zdeněk Rušavý, Michal Žourek
The diabetic diet is one of the pillars of diabetes treatment. The rapid development of knowledge relating to the treatment of diabetes also includes diet. The paper focuses on the importance of a diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and prevention of atherosclerosis. Its main goal is to assess the impact of a composition of macronutrients on individuals with type 2 diabetes. The paper is divided into several parts, each of which ends with a conclusion. The first part examines weight reduction. The diet aimed at a weight loss is effective, it can effectively prevent diabetes, it leads to improvements in glucose control and reduction of the risk factors for atherosclerosis, however it will not impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality until after more than 20 years...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921039/clinical-manifestation-and-management-of-adpkd-in-western-countries
#14
REVIEW
Claudia Sommerer, Martin Zeier
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease in Western countries. The prevalence is between 2.4/10,000 and 3.9/10,000. ADPKD represents a systemic disease resulting in deterioration in renal function. Until now, mutations in two genes (PKD1 and PKD2) have been identified. Recently, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) approved the use of the vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist tolvaptan to slow the progression of cyst development and renal insufficiency connected with ADPKD in adult patients with chronic kidney disease stages 1-3 at initiation of treatment with evidence of rapidly progressing disease...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921038/the-clinical-manifestation-and-management-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-china
#15
REVIEW
Cheng Xue, Chen-Chen Zhou, Ming Wu, Chang-Lin Mei
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic hereditary kidney disease characterized by progressive enlargement of renal cysts. The incidence is 1-2‰ worldwide. Mutations in two genes (PKD1 and PKD2) cause ADPKD. Currently, there is no pharmaceutical treatment available for ADPKD patients in China. Summary: This review focused on advances in clinical manifestation, gene diagnosis, risk factors, and management of ADPKD in China. There is an age-dependent increase in total kidney volume (TKV) and decrease in renal function in Chinese ADPKD patients...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919361/adverse-effects-on-insulin-secretion-of-replacing-saturated-fat-with-refined-carbohydrate-but-not-with-monounsaturated-fat-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-centrally-obese-subjects
#16
Lin F Chang, Shireene R Vethakkan, Kalanithi Nesaretnam, Thomas A B Sanders, Kim-Tiu Teng
BACKGROUND: Current dietary guidelines recommend the replacement of saturated fatty acids (SAFAs) with carbohydrates or monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) based on evidence on lipid profile alone, the chronic effects of the mentioned replacements on insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity are however unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the chronic effects of the substitution of refined carbohydrate or MUFA for SAFA on insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in centrally obese subjects...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917743/context-specific-complementary-feeding-recommendations-developed-using-optifood-could-improve-the-diets-of-breast-fed-infants-and-young-children-from-diverse-livelihood-groups-in-northern-kenya
#17
Marieke Vossenaar, Frances A Knight, Alison Tumilowicz, Christine Hotz, Peter Chege, Elaine L Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To formulate age- and context-specific complementary feeding recommendations (CFR) for infants and young children (IYC) and to compare the potential of filling population-level nutrient gaps using common sets of CFR across age groups. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to develop CFR using locally available and acceptable foods based on livelihood- and age-group-specific dietary patterns observed through 24 h dietary recalls. Within each livelihood group, the nutrient potential of age-group-specific v...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917207/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-qualitative-study-of-adults-attending-uganda-cancer-institute
#18
Peter B Wampaalu, Lars E Eriksson, Allen Naamala, Rose C Nabirye, Lena Wettergren
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a global public health challenge and how patients in countries with poor healthcare infrastructure experience cancer treatment is largely unknown. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe adult Ugandan cancer patients' experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment. METHODOLOGY: Using a qualitative descriptive design, seven in-patients with varying cancer diagnoses at the Uganda Cancer Institute were interviewed about their experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment; the interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917035/polyglandular-autoimmune-syndrome-in-pregnancy-case-report
#19
Basilio Pecorino, Maria Cristina Teodoro, Paolo Scollo
Type III Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndrome is a multiple endocrine disorders disease determined by autoimmunity; it can be diagnosed if a patient is affected by Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and another autoimmune disease, except Addison Disease, for example Autoimmune Hashimoto Thyroiditis or Celiac Disease. R.D., 34-year-old woman (gravida 2 para 1), was referred to the High Risk Pregnancy Outpatient Clinic at Cannizzaro Hospital in Catania at 8 weeks' gestation. She was affected from type III Polyglandular Autoimmune Disease (Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Autoimmune Hashimoto Thyroiditis and Celiac Disease)...
September 2016: Italian Journal of Gynaecology & Obstetrics: Official Publication of the Societa Italiana di Ginecologia e Ostetricia (SIGO)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916921/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-comprehensive-questionnaire-to-assess-women-s-knowledge-and-perception-of-the-current-weight-gain-guidelines-during-pregnancy
#20
Holly Ockenden, Katie Gunnell, Audrey Giles, Kara Nerenberg, Gary Goldfield, Taru Manyanga, Kristi Adamo
The aim of this study was to develop and validate an electronic questionnaire, the Electronic Maternal Health Survey (EMat Health Survey), related to women's knowledge and perceptions of the current gestational weight gain guidelines (GWG), as well as pregnancy-related health behaviours. Constructs addressed within the questionnaire include self-efficacy, locus of control, perceived barriers, and facilitators of physical activity and diet, outcome expectations, social environment and health practices. Content validity was examined using an expert panel (n = 7) and pilot testing items in a small sample (n = 5) of pregnant women and recent mothers (target population)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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