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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684218/what-is-the-evidence-for-a-role-for-diet-and-nutrition-in-osteoarthritis
#1
Sally Thomas, Heather Browne, Ali Mobasheri, Margaret P Rayman
As current treatment options in OA are very limited, OA patients would benefit greatly from some ability to self-manage their condition. Since diet may potentially affect OA, we reviewed the literature on the relationship between nutrition and OA risk or progression, aiming to provide guidance for clinicians. For overweight/obese patients, weight reduction, ideally incorporating exercise, is paramount. The association between metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes and OA risk or progression may partly explain the apparent benefit of dietary-lipid modification resulting from increased consumption of long-chain omega-3 fatty-acids from oily fish/fish oil supplements...
May 1, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683196/hypogonadism-and-male-obesity-focus-on-unresolved-questions
#2
Mathis Grossmann
Obesity, increasing in prevalence globally, is the clinical condition most strongly associated with lowered testosterone concentrations in men, and presents as one of the strongest predictors of receiving testosterone treatment. While low circulating total testosterone concentrations in modest obesity primarily reflect reduced concentrations of sex hormone binding globulin, more marked obesity can lead to genuine hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis (HPT) suppression. HPT axis suppression is likely mediated via pro-inflammatory cytokine and dysregulated leptin signalling and aggravated by associated comorbidities...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680985/egg-consumption-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-guangzhou-biobank-cohort-study-and-meta-analyses
#3
Lin Xu, Tai Hing Lam, Chao Qiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Feng Zhu, Ya Li Jin, Jean Woo, Kar Keung Cheng, G Neil Thomas
PURPOSE: Eggs are highly nutritious but concerns over their cholesterol content have led to dietary avoidance among many. There are also important international differences in relevant dietary guidance. We conducted the first prospective study in China investigating the association of egg consumption, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and a meta-analysis. METHODS: We included 28,024 participants without CVD at baseline (2003-8) in Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680707/mice-selectively-bred-for-high-voluntary-wheel-running-behavior-conserve-more-fat-despite-increased-exercise
#4
Layla Hiramatsu, Theodore Garland
Physical activity is an important component of energy expenditure, and acute changes in activity can lead to energy imbalances that affect body composition, even under ad libitum food availability. One example of acute increases in physical activity is four replicate, selectively-bred High Runner (HR) lines of mice that voluntarily run ~3-fold more wheel revolutions per day over 6-day trials and are leaner, as compared with four non-selected control (C) lines. We expected that voluntary exercise would increase food consumption, build lean mass, and reduce fat mass, but that these effects would likely differ between HR and C lines or between the sexes...
April 19, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680699/the-additive-effect-of-adherence-to-multiple-healthy-lifestyles-on-subclinical-atherosclerosis-insights-from-the-awhs
#5
Irina Uzhova, Rocio Mateo-Gallego, Belén Moreno-Franco, Esther Molina-Montes, Montserrat Leon-Latre, José A Casasnovas Lenguas, Fernando Civeira, José L Peñalvo
BACKGROUND: Public health strategies targeting multiple healthy behaviors, rather than individual factors, have been proposed as more efficient strategies to promote cardiovascular health. However, the additive effect of multiple targets on primary prevention has not been fully characterized. OBJECTIVE: To examine how adherence to multiple healthy behaviors is associated with the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis, a measure of early cardiovascular disease...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680654/evaluating-internal-and-external-markers-versus-fecal-sampling-procedure-interactions-when-estimating-intake-in-dairy-cows-consuming-a-corn-silage-based-diet
#6
A V Velásquez, G G da Silva, D O Sousa, C A Oliveira, C M M R Martins, P P M Dos Santos, J C C Balieiro, F P Rennó, R S Fukushima
Feed intake assessment is a valuable tool for herd management decisions. The use of markers, either internal or external, is currently the most used technique for estimating feed intake in production animals. The experiment used 10 multiparous Holstein cows fed a corn silage-based diet, with 55:45 forage-to-concentrate ratio, the average fecal recovery (FR) of TiO2 was higher than FR of Cr2 O3 , and both FR were more than unity. With internal markers, acetyl bromide lignin and cutin FR were lower than unity, and average FR for indigestible neutral detergent fiber (iNDF) and indigestible acid detergent fiber (iADF) was 1...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679297/animal-models-of-diverticulosis-review-and-recommendations
#7
REVIEW
Bhavesh Patel, Xiaomei Guo, Jillian Noblet, Sean Chambers, Ghassan S Kassab
Diverticulosis is a structural alteration of the colon tissue characterized by the development of pouch-like structures called diverticula. It afflicts a significant portion of the population in Western countries, with a higher prevalence among the elderly. Diverticulosis is believed to be the result of a synergetic interaction between inherent tissue weakness, diet, colonic microstructure, motility, and genetic factors. A validated etiology has, however, not yet been established. Non-surgical treatment is currently lacking due to this poor understanding, and surgical colon resection is the only long-term solution following recurrent complications...
April 20, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678412/awareness-of-listeriosis-and-methylmercury-toxicity-public-health-recommendations-and-diet-during-pregnancy
#8
Shao Jia Zhou, Rebecca L Greco, Rosalie Grivell, Jennie Louise, Andrea Deussen, Jodie Dodd, Lisa J Moran
BACKGROUND: Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations are associated with decreased intake of high-risk foods. Whether awareness of the recommendations affect dietary quality of pregnant women in Australian is unknown. AIM: To evaluate awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations during pregnancy and its impact on dietary quality. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=81) were recruited from antenatal clinics...
April 17, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677164/the-mediating-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-the-prospective-association-between-overall-dietary-quality-and-healthy-aging
#9
Karen E Assmann, Indunil Ruhunuhewa, Moufidath Adjibade, Zhen Li, Raphaëlle Varraso, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to quantify to what extent the association between adherence to the French nutritional recommendations at midlife, measured by the Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (PNNS-GS), and healthy aging (HA) is mediated by body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2249 participants of the French 'Supplementation with Vitamins and Mineral Antioxidants' (SU.VI.MAX-'SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants') cohort...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675943/relationship-of-anxiety-with-joint-pain-and-its-management-a-population-survey
#10
Lauren A Barnett, Mark G Pritchard, John J Edwards, Ebenezer K Afolabi, Kelvin P Jordan, Emma L Healey, Andrew G Finney, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Christian D Mallen, Krysia S Dziedzic
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study was to examine the associations between the severity of pain and anxiety in a community population reporting joint pain, and to investigate the management of joint pain in the presence of comorbid anxiety. METHODS: A population survey was carried out of people aged ≥45 years, registered with eight general practices in Cheshire, Shropshire and Staffordshire, UK. Respondents were asked to report pain intensity in their hands, hips, knees and feet (on a numerical rating scale), anxiety symptoms (Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item [GAD-7] scale) and guideline-recommended treatments used to manage pain...
April 20, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674185/associations-of-prenatal-and-child-sugar-intake-with-child-cognition
#11
Juliana F W Cohen, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Jessica Young, Emily Oken
INTRODUCTION: Sugar consumption among Americans is above recommended limits, and excess sugar intake may influence cognition. The aim of this study was to examine associations of pregnancy and offspring sugar consumption (sucrose, fructose) with child cognition. Additionally, associations of maternal and child consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), other beverages (diet soda, juice), and fruit with child cognition were examined. METHODS: Among 1,234 mother-child pairs enrolled 1999-2002 in Project Viva, a pre-birth cohort, in 2017 diet was assessed during pregnancy and early childhood, and cognitive outcomes in early and mid-childhood (median ages 3...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673873/before-the-beginning-nutrition-and-lifestyle-in-the-preconception-period-and-its-importance-for-future-health
#12
REVIEW
Judith Stephenson, Nicola Heslehurst, Jennifer Hall, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Jayne Hutchinson, Janet E Cade, Lucilla Poston, Geraldine Barrett, Sarah R Crozier, Mary Barker, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Chittaranjan S Yajnik, Janis Baird, Gita D Mishra
A woman who is healthy at the time of conception is more likely to have a successful pregnancy and a healthy child. We reviewed published evidence and present new data from low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries on the timing and importance of preconception health for subsequent maternal and child health. We describe the extent to which pregnancy is planned, and whether planning is linked to preconception health behaviours. Observational studies show strong links between health before pregnancy and maternal and child health outcomes, with consequences that can extend across generations, but awareness of these links is not widespread...
April 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673826/lifestyle-interventions-for-improving-health-and-health-behaviours-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-2011-2017
#13
REVIEW
Charrlotte Seib, Joy Parkinson, Nicole McDonald, Haruka Fujihira, Stephanie Zietek, Debra Anderson
The development and maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviours are among the most promising strategies for reducing complications and premature death among women living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, despite the potential benefits of these interventions, they have had varying success and the sustained uptake of the recommended lifestyle modifications is limited. This paper reviews research on the impact of lifestyle interventions aimed at improving health and health behaviours in women with T2DM...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672133/meat-eggs-full-fat-dairy-and-nutritional-boogeymen-does-the-way-in-which-animals-are-raised-affect-health-differently-in-humans
#14
Christopher P Haskins, George Henderson, Colin E Champ
BACKGROUND:  Food recommendations to improve cancer prevention are generally based on epidemiologic data and remain inconsistent. These epidemiologic studies, while controversial, have generally produced results that caution against the consumption of high-fat foods, including eggs, red meat, and full-fat dairy, such as butter and cheese. Yet, limited data exist assessing the quality of individual sources of these foods and the effect each has after its consumption. This study set out to assess the impact sources of food within the same groups from animals raised differently on variables associated with health in human studies...
April 19, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670030/dietary-sodium-and-other-nutrient-intakes-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-in-new-zealand
#15
Zhengxiu Xie, Rachael McLean, Mark Marshall
This study describes baseline intakes of sodium and other nutrients in a multi-ethnic sample of hemodialysis patients in New Zealand participating in the SoLID Trial between May/2013 to May/2016. Baseline 3-day weighed food record collections were analyzed using Foodworks 8 Professional food composition database, supplemented by other sources of nutrient information. Intakes of dietary sodium and other nutrients were compared with relevant guidelines and clinical recommendations. Eighty-five participants completed a 3-day weighed food record...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670024/defining-unhealthy-a-systematic-analysis-of-alignment-between-the-australian-dietary-guidelines-and-the-health-star-rating-system
#16
Alexandra Jones, Karin Rådholm, Bruce Neal
The Australian Dietary Guidelines (ADGs) and Health Star Rating (HSR) front-of-pack labelling system are two national interventions to promote healthier diets. Our aim was to assess the degree of alignment between the two policies. METHODS: Nutrition information was extracted for 65,660 packaged foods available in The George Institute’s Australian FoodSwitch database. Products were classified ‘core’ or ‘discretionary’ based on the ADGs, and a HSR generated irrespective of whether currently displayed on pack...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669614/potassium-iodate-levels-in-processed-edible-salts-available-in-retail-shops-throughout-kenya-2013
#17
Gerald Gikonyo Githinji, Nancy Njine, John Njihia, John Mwihia, James Ransom
OBJECTIVE: Iodine-deficiency disorders, due to insufficiency of iodine in the diet, are a global public health problem. The Kenyan Food, Drugs and Chemical Substances Act stipulates that processed retail-available edible salts contain 50-84 mg of potassium iodate (KIO3) per kilogram of salt. The present study determined the status of KIO3 levels in commercial salts, for public health action.Design/Setting/SubjectsAs part of the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2013, field workers collected salt samples from seven different local manufacturers/packers across eight regions of the country and sent them to the National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL) for KIO3 titration analysis...
April 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667919/assessment-of-community-pediatric-providers-approach-to-a-child-with-celiac-disease-and-available-serological-testing-associated-with-a-large-tertiary-care-center
#18
Leina S Alrabadi, Anthony F Porto
An evidence-practice gap for use of celiac disease testing can lead to poor resource utilization. False positive tests may lead to unnecessary diet changes, gastroenterology consults, parental/patient concern, and additional testing and expenses complicated by varied available celiac bundles. An understanding of pediatric provider practices according to guideline recommendations further improves this gap.
April 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667238/diet-quality-and-10-year-healthcare-costs-by-bmi-categories-in-the-mid-age-cohort-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#19
A Patterson, A Hure, T Burrows, J Jackson, C Collins
BACKGROUND: Better diets, as evaluated by diet quality indices, are associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. Although governments and researchers alike recognise the burden that obesity incurs for increased healthcare spending, there is insufficient evidence for the role of diet quality on healthcare costs. METHODS: Diet quality was assessed by the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) for 6328 women aged 50-55 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665730/comparative-assessment-and-suitability-of-iron-and-the-nutritional-composition-of-fortified-foods-for-young-children
#20
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
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