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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502352/surgery-for-women-with-posterior-compartment-prolapse
#1
REVIEW
Alex Mowat, Declan Maher, Kaven Baessler, Corina Christmann-Schmid, Nir Haya, Christopher Maher
BACKGROUND: Posterior vaginal wall prolapse (also known as 'posterior compartment prolapse') can cause a sensation of bulge in the vagina along with symptoms of obstructed defecation and sexual dysfunction. Interventions for prevention and conservative management include lifestyle measures, pelvic floor muscle training, and pessary use. We conducted this review to assess the surgical management of posterior vaginal wall prolapse. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of any surgical intervention compared with another surgical intervention for management of posterior vaginal wall prolapse...
March 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401097/what-is-the-ideal-starting-point-for-an-olecranon-screw-an-anatomic-cadaveric-study
#2
G David Potter, Daniel Mascarenhas, Marcus F Sciadini, Anthony R Carlini, Robert V O'Toole, Raymond A Pensy
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether "center-center" position is ideal starting point for minimum fracture displacement when placing an intramedullary screw in the ulna. METHODS: Thirty-six arms (average age, 82 years) underwent a posterior approach to the olecranon and were randomized into 3 groups: center-center (center in sagittal plane, center in coronal plane), posterior-lateral (posterior in sagittal plane, lateral in coronal plane), posterior-medial (posterior in sagittal plane, medial in coronal plane)...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390579/single-posterior-surgical-management-for-lumbosacral-tuberculosis-titanium-mesh-versus-iliac-bone-graft-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#3
Xin H Yin, Zhong K Liu, Bao R He, Ding J Hao
Recently, the one-stage posterior approach for treating spinal tuberculosis (TB) has gained popularity. However, large bony defects after debridement remain a major challenge in posterior surgery. The present retrospective study aims to compare the clinical outcomes of posterior-only surgical management by titanium mesh versus iliac bone grafts for treating lumbosacral TB. This was a retrospective cohort study. From January 2006 to April 2012, 36 patients with lumbosacral TB were treated at our department. The 36 cases were divided into 2 groups: 17 patients in Group A (titanium mesh) underwent one-stage posterior internal fixation, debridement, and titanium mesh bone fusion...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070715/prevalence-and-natural-history-of-superficial-siderosis-a-population-based-study
#4
Michael Pichler, Prashanthi Vemuri, Alejandro A Rabinstein, Jeremiah Aakre, Kelly D Flemming, Robert D Brown, Neeraj Kumar, Kejal Kantarci, Walter Kremers, Michelle M Mielke, David S Knopman, Clifford R Jack, Ronald C Petersen, Val Lowe, Jonathan Graff-Radford
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Superficial siderosis (SS) is characterized by hemosiderin deposition in the superficial layers of the central nervous system and can be seen during postmortem examination or with iron-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging techniques. The distribution of SS may predict the probable underlying cause. This study aimed to report the prevalence and natural history of SS in a population-based study. METHODS: Brain magnetic resonance imaging scans from the MCSA (Mayo Clinic Study of Aging), a population-based study of residents 50 to 89 years of age in Olmsted County, Minnesota, were reviewed...
December 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040800/ocriplasmin-for-symptomatic-vitreomacular-adhesion
#5
REVIEW
James E Neffendorf, Varo Kirthi, Edward Pringle, Timothy L Jackson
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (sVMA) is a recognised cause of visual loss and by tradition has been managed by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). A less invasive alternative to surgery in some people is enzymatic vitreolysis, using an intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of ocriplasmin compared to no treatment, sham or placebo for the treatment of sVMA. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Trials Register) (2017, Issue 1), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 24 February 2017), Embase Ovid (1947 to 24 February 2017), PubMed (1946 to 24 February 2017), the ISRCTN registry (www...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681354/does-postoperative-glenoid-retroversion-affect-the-2-year-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#6
Benjamin C Service, Jason E Hsu, Jeremy S Somerson, Stacy M Russ, Frederick A Matsen
BACKGROUND: While glenoid retroversion and posterior humeral head decentering are common preoperative features of severely arthritic glenohumeral joints, the relationship of postoperative glenoid component retroversion to the clinical results of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is unclear. Studies have indicated concern for inferior outcomes when glenoid components are inserted in 15° or more retroversion. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a population of patients undergoing TSA in whom no specific efforts were made to change the version of the glenoid, we asked whether at 2 years after surgery patients having glenoid components implanted in 15° or greater retroversion had (1) less improvement in the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) score and lower SST scores; (2) higher percentages of central peg lucency, higher Lazarus radiolucency grades, higher mean percentages of posterior decentering, and more frequent central peg perforation; or (3) a greater percentage having revision for glenoid component failure compared with patients with glenoid components implanted in less than 15° retroversion...
November 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593110/endoscopic-endonasal-transclival-approach-versus-dual-transorbital-port-technique-for-clip-application-to-the-posterior-circulation-a-cadaveric-anatomical-and-cerebral-circulation-simulation-study
#7
Jeremy N Ciporen, Brandon Lucke-Wold, Aclan Dogan, Justin Cetas, William Cameron
Purpose  Simulation training offers a useful opportunity to appreciate vascular anatomy and develop the technical expertise required to clip intracranial aneurysms of the posterior circulation. Materials and Methods  In cadavers, a comparison was made between the endoscopic transclival approach (ETA) alone and a combined multiportal approach using the ETA and a transorbital precaruncular approach (TOPA) to evaluate degrees of freedom, angles of visualization, and ergonomics of aneurysm clip application to the posterior circulation depending on basilar apex position relative to the posterior clinoids...
June 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585017/laboratory-induced-learned-helplessness-attenuates-approach-motivation-as-indexed-by-posterior-versus-frontal-theta-activity
#8
Samantha J Reznik, Robin Nusslock, Narun Pornpattananangkul, Lyn Y Abramson, James A Coan, Eddie Harmon-Jones
Research suggests that midline posterior versus frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) theta activity (PFTA) may reflect a novel neurophysiological index of approach motivation. Elevated PFTA has been associated with approach-related tendencies both at rest and during laboratory tasks designed to enhance approach motivation. PFTA is sensitive to changes in dopamine signaling within the fronto-striatal neural circuit, which is centrally involved in approach motivation, reward processing, and goal-directed behavior...
August 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466256/the-effect-of-posterior-fossa-decompression-in-adult-chiari-malformation-and-basilar-invagination-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ulysses de Oliveira Sousa, Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira, Lindolfo Carlos Heringer, Alécio Cristino Evangelista Santos Barcelos, Ricardo Vieira Botelho
Chiari malformation (CM) and basilar invagination (BI) are mesodermal malformations with disproportion between the content and volume of posterior fossa capacity and overcrowding of neural structures at the level of foramen magnum. Several alternatives for posterior approaches are available, including extradural (ED), extra-arachnoidal, and intradural (ID) approaches. The objectives are to evaluate the effect of several surgical techniques for posterior fossa decompression (PFD) in the outcomes of patients with CCJM and to evaluate complications in the techniques reported...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579729/long-term-outcomes-of-radial-optic-neurotomy-for-management-of-optic-disk-pit-maculopathy
#10
Murat Karacorlu, Isil Sayman Muslubas, Mumin Hocaoglu, Hakan Ozdemir, Serra Arf, Omer Uysal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of radial optic neurotomy (RON) in patients with optic disk pit maculopathy and to compare the functional and anatomical outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with temporal side single RON versus PPV without RON. METHODS: This retrospective study included 15 eyes of 15 consecutive patients who had surgery for optic disk pit maculopathy. Patients were followed for 12 to 115 months after surgery. Anatomical and functional results were evaluated with optical coherence tomography, MP-1 microperimetry in the central 20°, and measurement of best-corrected visual acuity...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236387/balloon-kyphoplasty-or-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fracture-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Lin Liang, Xinlei Chen, Weimin Jiang, Xuefeng Li, Jie Chen, Lijun Wu, Yangyi Zhu
BACKGROUND: Both kyphoplasty (KP) and vertebroplasty (VP) are effective for patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF), but which approach might be more effective remains unclear, so we decided to update earlier systematic reviews. OBJECTIVE: Review and analyze studies published as of August 2015 that compared clinical outcomes and complications of KP versus VP. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SEARCH METHOD: Published reports up to August 2015 were found in PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)...
May 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26656563/getting-to-know-you-general-and-specific-neural-computations-for-learning-about-people
#12
Damian A Stanley
Learning about other peoples' attributes, e.g. whether an individual is generous or selfish, is central to human social cognition. It is well documented that a network of cortical regions is reliably activated when we engage social processes. However, little is known about the specific computations performed by these regions or whether such processing is specialized for the social domain. We investigated these questions using a task in which participants (N= 26) learned about four peoples' generosity by watching them choose to share money with third party partners, or not...
April 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26628790/a-comparative-study-of-central-versus-posterior-approach-for-internal-jugular-hemodialysis-catheter-insertion
#13
M Mathur, A V L D'Souza, D Prasad, R Garsa, N Bansal, R Jhorawat, S Sharma, P Beniwal, D Agrawal, V Malhotra
Internal jugular (IJ) catheter insertion for hemodialysis (HD) is an indispensable procedure in the management of patients with renal failure. The central approach is favored over posterior approach to insert IJ catheters. There are no studies comparing the outcomes between the two approaches. The aim of this study was to compare central approach with posterior approach for IJ HD catheter insertion and to analyze various outcomes like procedure-related complication rates, catheter insertion failure rates, interruptions during dialysis due to blood flow obstruction and catheter infection rates between the two methods among patients receiving HD...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546070/tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-a-narrative-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Simon C McSweeney, Matthew Cichero
BACKGROUND: Tarsal tunnel syndrome is classified as a focal compressive neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve or one of its associated branches individually or collectively. The tunnel courses deep to fascia, the flexor retinaculum and within the abductor hallucis muscle of the foot/ankle. The condition is rare and regularly under-diagnosed leading to a range of symptoms affecting the plantar margins of the foot. There are many intervention strategies for treating tarsal tunnel syndrome with limited robust evidence to guide the clinical management of this condition...
December 2015: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26339854/surgical-assessment-of-the-insula-part-1-surgical-anatomy-and-morphometric-analysis-of-the-transsylvian-and-transcortical-approaches-to-the-insula
#15
Arnau Benet, Shawn L Hervey-Jumper, Jose Juan González Sánchez, Michael T Lawton, Mitchel S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Transcortical and transsylvian corridors have been previously described as the main surgical approaches to the insula, but there is insufficient evidence to support one approach versus the other. The authors performed a cadaveric comparative study regarding insular exposure, surgical window and freedom, between the transcortical and transsylvian approaches (with and without cutting superficial sylvian bridging veins). Surgical anatomy and skull surface reference points to the different insular regions are also described...
February 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25918919/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-preventing-meningitis-in-patients-with-basilar-skull-fractures
#16
REVIEW
Bernardo O Ratilal, João Costa, Lia Pappamikail, Cristina Sampaio
BACKGROUND: Basilar skull fractures predispose patients to meningitis because of the possible direct contact of bacteria in the paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx or middle ear with the central nervous system (CNS). Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage has been associated with a greater risk of contracting meningitis. Antibiotics are often given prophylactically, although their role in preventing bacterial meningitis has not been established. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics for preventing meningitis in patients with basilar skull fractures...
April 28, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25825863/interventions-for-the-cessation-of-non-nutritive-sucking-habits-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Felicity R P Borrie, David R Bearn, Nicola P T Innes, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor
BACKGROUND: Comforting behaviours, such as the use of pacifiers (dummies, soothers), blankets and finger or thumb sucking, are common in babies and young children. These comforting habits, which can be referred to collectively as 'non-nutritive sucking habits' (NNSHs), tend to stop as children get older, under their own impetus or with support from parents and carers. However, if the habit continues whilst the permanent dentition is becoming established, it can contribute to, or cause, development of a malocclusion (abnormal bite)...
March 31, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25485940/the-epley-canalith-repositioning-manoeuvre-for-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#18
REVIEW
Malcolm P Hilton, Darren K Pinder
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 1, 2002 and previously updated in 2004 and 2007.Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a syndrome characterised by short-lived episodes of vertigo in association with rapid changes in head position. It is a common cause of vertigo presenting to primary care and specialist otolaryngology clinics. Current treatment approaches include rehabilitative exercises and physical manoeuvres, including the Epley manoeuvre...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25354696/surgical-approaches-for-cervical-spine-facet-dislocations-in-adults
#19
REVIEW
David Del Curto, Marcel Jun Tamaoki, Délio E Martins, Eduardo Barros Puertas, João Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: The choice of surgical approach for the management of subaxial cervical spine facet dislocations is a controversial subject amongst spine surgeons. Reasons for this include differences in the technical familiarity and experience of surgeons with the different surgical approaches, and variable interpretation of image studies regarding the existence of a traumatic intervertebral disc herniation and of the neurological status of the patient. Moreover, since the approaches are dissimilar, important variations are likely in neurological, radiographical and clinical outcomes...
October 30, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25103312/multi-tensor-investigation-of-orbitofrontal-cortex-tracts-affected-in-subcaudate-tractotomy
#20
Jimmy C Yang, George Papadimitriou, Ryan Eckbo, Edward H Yeterian, Lichen Liang, Darin D Dougherty, Sylvain Bouix, Yogesh Rathi, Martha Shenton, Marek Kubicki, Emad N Eskandar, Nikos Makris
Subcaudate tractotomy (SCT) is a neurosurgical lesioning procedure that can reduce symptoms in medically intractable obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Due to the putative importance of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in symptomatology, fibers that connect the OFC, SCT lesion, and either the thalamus or brainstem were investigated with two-tensor tractography using an unscented Kalman filter approach. From this dataset, fibers were warped to Montreal Neurological Institute space, and probability maps with center-of-mass analysis were subsequently generated...
June 2015: Brain Imaging and Behavior
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