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"learning communities "

Nils Gessert, Matthias Schlüter, Alexander Schlaefer
Tracking the pose of instruments is a central problem in image-guided surgery. For microscopic scenarios, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is increasingly used as an imaging modality. OCT is suitable for accurate pose estimation due to its micrometer range resolution and volumetric field of view. However, OCT image processing is challenging due to speckle noise and reflection artifacts in addition to the images' 3D nature. We address pose estimation from OCT volume data with a new deep learning-based tracking framework...
March 10, 2018: Medical Image Analysis
Teresa M Chan, David Jo, Andrew W Shih, Vinai C Bhagirath, Lana A Castellucci, Calvin Yeh, Brent Thoma, Eric K Tseng, Kerstin de Wit
BACKGROUND: Online educational resources are criticized as being teacher-centred, failing to address learner's needs. Needs assessments are an important precursor to inform curriculum development, but these are often overlooked or skipped by developers of online educational resources due to cumbersome measurement tools. Novel methods are required to identify perceived and unperceived learning needs to allow targeted development of learner-centred curricula. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of performing a novel technique dubbed the Massive Online Needs Assessment (MONA) for the purpose of emergency haematology online educational curricular planning, within an online learning community (affiliated with the Free Open Access Medical education movement)...
February 27, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Rod Sheaff, Ian Sherriff, Catherine Hagan Hennessy
BACKGROUND: Access times for, the costs and overload of hospital services are an increasingly salient issue for healthcare managers in many countries. Rising demand for hospital care has been attributed partly to unplanned admissions for older people, and among these partly to the increasing prevalence of dementia. The paper makes a preliminary evaluation of the logic model of a Dementia Learning Community (DLC) intended to reduce unplanned hospital admissions from care homes of people with dementia...
February 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Renee N Bauer, Susan Kiger
BACKGROUND: Living-learning communities have been known to promote student performance and a sense of collegiality. Most studies on this topic have utilized quantitative methods. AIM: This qualitative comparison case study examined personal experiences associated with residing in a living-learning community. The study was conducted to explore findings associated with promoting student retention. A secondary goal was to explore student experiences with mentoring...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
Sarah K Lewis, Patricia Thompson
Just as we depend on medical science and research to treat patients, we should connect our teaching methods to educational theory and research. In particular, the foundations of adult education philosophy and adult learning theories can be deliberately applied to further strengthen the clinical learning experience of physician assistants (PAs). We propose that PA educators should be aware of how their personal philosophy of education affects their teaching practice. In addition, educators should apply learning theories to both classroom process and content...
December 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Theresa L Armstead, Megan Kearns, Kirsten Rambo, Lianne Fuino Estefan, Jenny Dills, Moira S Rivera, Rasha El-Beshti
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States (DELTA FOCUS) program is a 5-year cooperative agreement (2013-2018) funding 10 state domestic violence coalitions and local coordinated community response teams to engage in primary prevention of intimate partner violence. Grantees' prevention strategies were often developmental and emergent; therefore, CDC's approach to program oversight, administration, and support to grantees required a flexible approach...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jinya Su, Dewei Yi, Cunjia Liu, Lei Guo, Wen-Hua Chen
Hyperspectral images (HSI) provide rich information which may not be captured by other sensing technologies and therefore gradually find a wide range of applications. However, they also generate a large amount of irrelevant or redundant data for a specific task. This causes a number of issues including significantly increased computation time, complexity and scale of prediction models mapping the data to semantics (e.g., classification), and the need of a large amount of labelled data for training. Particularly, it is generally difficult and expensive for experts to acquire sufficient training samples in many applications...
November 25, 2017: Sensors
Carla L DeSisto, Cameron Estrich, Charlan D Kroelinger, David A Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Christine N Mackie, Lisa F Waddell, Kristin M Rankin
BACKGROUND: Implementation strategies are imperative for the successful adoption and sustainability of complex evidence-based public health practices. Creating a learning collaborative is one strategy that was part of a recently published compilation of implementation strategy terms and definitions. In partnership with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other partner agencies, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials recently convened a multi-state Learning Community to support cross-state collaboration and provide technical assistance for improving state capacity to increase access to long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in the immediate postpartum period, an evidence-based practice with the potential for reducing unintended pregnancy and improving maternal and child health outcomes...
November 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Monne Wihlborg, Elizabeth E Friberg, Karen M Rose, Linda Eastham
BACKGROUND: Internationalisation of higher education involving information and communication technology such as e-learning opens opportunities for innovative learning approaches across nations and cultures. OBJECTIVES: Describe a case in practice of collaborative and transformative learning in relation to 'internationalisation on home grounds' with the broader learning objective of 'becoming aware and knowledgeable'. DESIGN: A mutually developed project established a virtual international collaborative exchange for faculty and students using a course management software (MOODLE) and open access technology (Adobe CONNECT)...
February 2018: Nurse Education Today
Arthur Welsher, David Rojas, Zain Khan, Laura VanderBeek, Bill Kapralos, Lawrence E M Grierson
INTRODUCTION: Research has revealed that individuals can improve technical skill performance by viewing demonstrations modeled by either expert or novice performers. These findings support the development of video-based observational practice communities that augment simulation-based skill education and connect geographically distributed learners. This study explores the experimental replicability of the observational learning effect when demonstrations are sampled from a community of distributed learners and serves as a context for understanding learner experiences within this type of training protocol...
November 8, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Heather J Walter, Gina Kackloudis, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio, Jonas Bromberg, David R DeMaso, Glenn Focht
The objective of this study was to assess feasibility, utilization, perceived value, and targeted behavioral health (BH) treatment self-efficacy associated with a collaborative child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) consultation and BH education program for pediatric primary care practitioners (PCPs). Eighty-one PCPs from 41 member practices of a statewide pediatric practice association affiliated with an academic medical center participated in a program comprising on-demand telephonic CAP consultation supported by an extensive BH learning community...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Jillian J Sanderson, Søren R Boysen, Jantina M McMurray, Albert Lee, Jenefer R Stillion
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of fasting on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in healthy dogs, as detected by 2D ultrasound. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University Distributed Veterinary Learning Community. ANIMALS: Ten healthy client-owned dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs were fasted 24 hours following regular feeding. After this first feeding and during the 24 hour fasting period, 2D ultrasound was performed to detect sonographically visible GI contractions of the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum/ileum at T = 30 minutes, 6 hours, 12 hours, and 24 hours...
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Pedro Arista, Cathy Vue, Michael Byun, Ashley Choi, Kathy Ko Chin
BACKGROUND: Recent public health initiatives include policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) strategies with the aim of improving community health. These high-impact, population-wide strategies provide opportunities for multisector coalitions to engage and inform the implementation process to ultimately reach underrepresented communities, like Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to discuss (1) the objectives of "Reaching Asian Americans through Innovative and Supportive Engagement," (RAISE) a multisector coalition (2) describe the process in which the coalition was engaged in, and (3) share lessons learned that can inform future partnerships with various sectors that reach AAPI communities that are highly diverse and in geographically dispersed areas...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
D L van der Velden, C M L van Herpen, H W M van Laarhoven, E F Smit, H J M Groen, S M Willems, P M Nederlof, M H G Langenberg, E Cuppen, S Sleijfer, N Steeghs, E E Voest
Background: Due to rapid technical advances, steeply declining sequencing costs, and the ever-increasing number of targeted therapies, it can be expected that extensive tumor sequencing such as whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing will soon be applied in standard care. Clinicians will thus be confronted with increasingly complex genetic information and multiple test-platforms to choose from. General medical training, meanwhile, can hardly keep up with the pace of innovation. Consequently, there is a rapidly growing gap between clinical knowledge and genetic potential in cancer care...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Alex M Taylor, Lise E Nigrovic, Meredith L Saillant, Emily K Trudell, Jonathan R Modest, Madeleine Kuhn, Louis Vernacchio
Pediatric primary care providers report limited training and tools to manage concussion. We developed a learning community intervention for a large independent pediatric practice association affiliated with a university hospital to standardize concussion management and improve the use of consensus-based guidelines. The learning community included in-person and online didactics, followed by a web-based reinforcement platform to educate and train clinicians on our treatment algorithm and decision support tools...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Japhereena Murugavel, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan, Dhivyatharani Krishnamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Community medicine strives to protect and promote the health and well-being of the community through primary health care approach. However the preference of community medicine as career among medical school students and curriculum of community medicine is pivotal. AIM: The study intended to find the attitude towards learning of community medicine and also to assess the preference of post graduation specialty among medical school students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study conducted at a teaching hospital located in Tamil Nadu, South India...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Louise Arnold, Paul G Cuddy, Susan B Hathaway, Jennifer L Quaintance, Steven L Kanter
PURPOSE: To identify medical school factors graduates in major leadership positions perceive as contributing to their leadership development. METHOD: Using a phenomenological, qualitative approach, in August-November 2015 the authors conducted semistructured interviews with 48 medical leaders who were 1976-1999 baccalaureate-MD graduates of the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine (UMKC). At UMKC, they participated in longitudinal learning communities, the centerpiece for learning professional values and behaviors plus clinical skills, knowledge, and judgment, but received no formal leadership instruction...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Cheryl Merzel, Perry Halkitis, Cheryl Healton
Public health education is experiencing record growth and transformation. The current emphasis on learning outcomes necessitates attention to creating and evaluating the best curricula and learning methods for helping public health students develop public health competencies. Schools and programs of public health would benefit from active engagement in pedagogical research and additional platforms to support dissemination and implementation of educational research findings. We reviewed current avenues for sharing public health educational research, curricula, and best teaching practices; we identified useful models from other health professions; and we offered suggestions for how the field of public health education can develop communities of learning devoted to supporting pedagogy...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
Stefanos Nikiforos, Spyros Tzanavaris, Katia Lida Kermanidis
Bullying through the internet has been investigated and analyzed mainly in the field of social media. In this paper, it is attempted to analyze bullying in the Virtual Learning Communities using Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques, mainly in the context of sociocultural learning theories. Therefore four case studies took place. We aim to apply NLP techniques to speech analysis on communication data of online communities. Emphasis is given on qualitative data, taking into account the subjectivity of the collaborative activity...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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