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"learning communities "

Brent C Pottenger, Richard O Davis, Joanne Miller, Lisa Allen, Melinda Sawyer, Peter J Pronovost
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) teams could be used to enhance patient experience by improving care transitions and discharge processes in a 318-bed community hospital. METHODS: In 2015, CUSP teams produced feasible solutions by participating in a design-thinking initiative, coupled with performance improvement tools involving data analytics and peer-learning communities. Teams completed a 90-day sprint challenge, involving weekly meetings, monthly department leader meetings, and progress trackers...
October 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
Rusudan Kilaberia, Edward Ratner
Gerontology education programs that combine elements of experiential service-learning, community participation, and residential immersion have been emerging in the United States and internationally. Combining fieldwork, interviews, and immersion methods, this study draws on qualitative ethnographic and phenomenologic design, whereby a student lived in senior housing for 3.5 years. The study is among the longest and most intensive gerontological field experiences ever reported. It is based on more than 2,000 hours of observations and conversational interviews with 14 residents...
September 16, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Shien Chue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Medical Teacher
Bevin Croft, Kaipeng Wang, Benjamin Cichocki, Anne Weaver, Kevin Mahoney
Self-direction has emerged worldwide as a promising practice for persons with serious mental health conditions and as a means toward creating more person-centered service systems. In self-direction, service users control an individualized budget, purchasing goods or services that can help them achieve personal recovery goals. This Open Forum describes an international learning exchange meeting, held in September 2015, in which experts in self-direction and mental health from seven nations convened for sharing best practices, discussing challenges, and laying the groundwork for a learning community to support the continued development of self-direction...
August 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Björg Pálsdóttir, Jean Barry, Andreia Bruno, Hugh Barr, Amy Clithero, Nadia Cobb, Jan De Maeseneer, Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde, André-Jacques Neusy, Scott Reeves, Roger Strasser, Paul Worley
Across the globe, a "fit for purpose" health professional workforce is needed to meet health needs and challenges while capitalizing on existing resources and strengths of communities. However, the socio-economic impact of educating and deploying a fit for purpose health workforce can be challenging to evaluate. In this paper, we provide a brief overview of six promising strategies and interventions that provide context-relevant health professional education within the health system. The strategies focused on in the paper are:1...
2016: Human Resources for Health
Daniyar Bakir, Alex Pappachen James, Amin Zollanvari
MOTIVATION: The biomarker discovery process in high-throughput genomic profiles has presented the statistical learning community with a challenging problem, namely learning when the number of variables is comparable or exceeding the sample size. In these settings, many classical techniques including linear discriminant analysis (LDA) falter. Poor performance of LDA is attributed to the ill-conditioned nature of sample covariance matrix when the dimension and sample size are comparable...
August 2, 2016: Bioinformatics
An-An Liu, Ning Xu, Wei-Zhi Nie, Yu-Ting Su, Yongkang Wong, Mohan Kankanhalli
Human action recognition is an active research area in both computer vision and machine learning communities. In the past decades, the machine learning problem has evolved from conventional single-view learning problem, to cross-view learning, cross-domain learning and multitask learning, where a large number of algorithms have been proposed in the literature. Despite having large number of action recognition datasets, most of them are designed for a subset of the four learning problems, where the comparisons between algorithms can further limited by variances within datasets, experimental configurations, and other factors...
July 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Mary-Jon Ludy, Amy L Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Elizabeth G Baxley, Luan Lawson, Herbert G Garrison, Danielle Walsh, Suzanne Lazorick, Donna Lake, Jason Higginson
PROBLEM: Although efforts to integrate health systems science (HSS) topics, such as patient safety, quality improvement (QI), interprofessionalism, and population health, into health professions curricula are increasing, the rate of change has been slow. APPROACH: The Teachers of Quality Academy (TQA), Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, was established in January 2014 with the dual goal of preparing faculty to lead frontline clinical transformation while becoming proficient in the pedagogy and curriculum design necessary to prepare students in HSS competencies...
June 21, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Paula M Procter, Juliana J Brixey, Michelle L L Honey, Fern Todhunter
The authors have all engaged in using social media with students as a means for collaboration across national and international boundaries for various educational purposes. Following the explosion of big data in health the authors are now moving this concept forward within undergraduate and postgraduate nursing curricula for the development of population health virtual exchanges. Nursing has a global presence and yet it appears as though students have little knowledge of the health and social care needs and provision outside their local environment...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Anam Ali
Medical students use Facebook to interact with one another both socially and educationally. This study investigates how medical students in a UK medical school use Facebook to support their learning. In particular, it identifies the nature of their educational activities, and details their experiences of using an educational Facebook group. Twenty-four medical students who self-identified as being Facebook users were invited to focus groups to attain a general overview of Facebook use within an educational context...
June 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Emily R Elliott, Robert D Reason, Clark R Coffman, Eric J Gangloff, Jeffrey R Raker, Jo Anne Powell-Coffman, Craig A Ogilvie
Undergraduate introductory biology courses are changing based on our growing understanding of how students learn and rapid scientific advancement in the biological sciences. At Iowa State University, faculty instructors are transforming a second-semester large-enrollment introductory biology course to include active learning within the lecture setting. To support this change, we set up a faculty learning community (FLC) in which instructors develop new pedagogies, adapt active-learning strategies to large courses, discuss challenges and progress, critique and revise classroom interventions, and share materials...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
Amy D DiVasta, Emily K Trudell, Mary Francis, Glenn Focht, Farah Jooma, Louis Vernacchio, Sara F Forman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chlamydia trachomatis infections are common among sexually active young women. We developed a practice-based quality improvement (QI) collaborative to increase Chlamydia screening in at-risk young women. METHODS: Structured data fields were integrated into the electronic record for practices affiliated with Boston Children's Hospital. A learning community (LC) was developed. Content included the adolescent well visit, assessment of sexual/risk behaviors, epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases, and screening methods...
May 2016: Pediatrics
Loran Carleton Parker, Alyssa M Gleichsner, Omolola A Adedokun, James Forney
Transformation of research in all biological fields necessitates the design, analysis and, interpretation of large data sets. Preparing students with the requisite skills in experimental design, statistical analysis, and interpretation, and mathematical reasoning will require both curricular reform and faculty who are willing and able to integrate mathematical and statistical concepts into their life science courses. A new Faculty Learning Community (FLC) was constituted each year for four years to assist in the transformation of the life sciences curriculum and faculty at a large, Midwestern research university...
May 31, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
Yong-Ping Zhao
Recently, extreme learning machine (ELM) has become a popular topic in machine learning community. By replacing the so-called ELM feature mappings with the nonlinear mappings induced by kernel functions, two kernel ELMs, i.e., P-KELM and D-KELM, are obtained from primal and dual perspectives, respectively. Unfortunately, both P-KELM and D-KELM possess the dense solutions in direct proportion to the number of training data. To this end, a constructive algorithm for P-KELM (CCP-KELM) is first proposed by virtue of Cholesky factorization, in which the training data incurring the largest reductions on the objective function are recruited as significant vectors...
August 2016: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
Vanessa Robinson-Dooley, Quienton Nichols
Healthcare reform has had its impact on many health professionals as well as clinical settings, particularly with the enactment of the Affordable Care Act. In healthcare settings, healthcare teams are challenged with new systems of care and changing philosophies of management. However, healthcare providers retain a distinctive sense that they cannot always provide care without some form of collaboration. This article presents the results of a pilot study, which measured the effectiveness of a model of practice utilised at a faculty-practitioner operated university community clinic...
July 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Amy Siegesmund
Student overconfidence challenges success in introductory biology. This study examined the impact of classroom learning communities and self-assessment on student metacognition and subsequent impact on student epistemological beliefs, behaviors, and learning. Students wrote weekly self-assessments reflecting on the process of learning and received individual feedback. Students completed a learning strategies inventory focused on metacognition and study behaviors at the beginning and end of the semester and a Student Assessment of their Learning Gains (SALG) at the end of the semester...
May 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Sunny D Smith, Lisette Dunham, Michael Dekhtyar, An Dinh, Paul N Lanken, Kevin F Moynahan, Margaret L Stuber, Susan E Skochelak
PURPOSE: Many medical schools have implemented learning communities (LCs) to improve the learning environment (LE) for students. The authors conducted this study to determine whether a relationship exists between medical student perceptions of the LE and presence of LCs during the preclerkship years. METHOD: Students from 24 schools participating in the American Medical Association Learning Environment Study completed the 17-item Medical Student Learning Environment Survey (MSLES) at the end of their first and second years of medical school between 2011 and 2013...
September 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Kristin M Rankin, Charlan D Kroelinger, Carla L DeSisto, Ellen Pliska, Sanaa Akbarali, Christine N Mackie, David A Goodman
Purpose Providing long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in the immediate postpartum period is an evidence-based strategy for expanding women's access to highly effective contraception and for reducing unintended and rapid repeat pregnancy. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the application of implementation science methodology to study the complexities of rolling-out policies that promote immediate postpartum LARC use across states. Description The Immediate Postpartum LARC Learning Community, sponsored by the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), is made up of multi-disciplinary, multi-agency teams from 13 early-adopting states with Medicaid reimbursement policies promoting immediate postpartum LARC...
April 16, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Georgios Drakakis, Saadiq Moledina, Charalampos Chomenidis, Philip Doganis, Haralambos Sarimveis
Decision trees are renowned in the computational chemistry and machine learning communities for their interpretability. Their capacity and usage are somewhat limited by the fact that they normally work on categorical data. Improvements to known decision tree algorithms are usually carried out by increasing and tweaking parameters, as well as the post-processing of the class assignment. In this work we attempted to tackle both these issues. Firstly, conditional mutual information was used as the criterion for selecting the attribute on which to split instances...
2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
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