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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736771/on-interestingness-measures-for-mining-statistically-significant-and-novel-clinical-associations-from-emrs
#1
Orhan Abar, Richard J Charnigo, Abner Rayapati, Ramakanth Kavuluru
Association rule mining has received significant attention from both the data mining and machine learning communities. While data mining researchers focus more on designing efficient algorithms to mine rules from large datasets, the learning community has explored applications of rule mining to classification. A major problem with rule mining algorithms is the explosion of rules even for moderate sized datasets making it very difficult for end users to identify both statistically significant and potentially novel rules that could lead to interesting new insights and hypotheses...
October 2016: ACM-BCB: ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721117/experiential-learning-in-physical-therapy-education
#2
Susan N Smith, Amy F Crocker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experiential learning can provide students in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education programs the opportunity to practice skills and techniques, learned in the classroom, in a real-world setting. Experiential learning is currently being utilized in all entry-level PT programs in the form of professional practice experiences but may be integrated throughout the curriculum to enhance student engagement and knowledge application and retention. The purpose of this paper is to express the need for increased integration of experiential learning into entry-level PT education curricula...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689555/implementing-a-wic-based-intervention-to-promote-exclusive-breastfeeding-challenges-facilitators-and-adaptive-strategies
#3
Johanna D Eldridge, Josette O Hartnett, Furrina F Lee, Jackson P Sekhobo, Lynn S Edmunds
OBJECTIVE: Understand factors that contributed to the implementation of a successful multicomponent intervention to promote exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) within Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Woman, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics. DESIGN: Qualitative study of staff implementers' experiences using implementation status reports, facilitated group discussion immediately after implementation, and WIC administrative data. SETTING: WIC staff from 12 clinics participated in an EBF Learning Community composed of 8 intervention trainings and ongoing support from trainers and peers...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689553/outcome-evaluation-of-the-you-can-do-it-initiative-to-promote-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-women-enrolled-in-the-new-york-state-wic-program-by-race-ethnicity
#4
Lynn S Edmunds, Furrina F Lee, Johanna D Eldridge, Jackson P Sekhobo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of You Can Do It at improving exclusive breastfeeding (BF) among New York State women enrolled in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study, September, 2013 through February, 2016. SETTING: Multicomponent intervention paired with a yearlong learning community in 12 clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Women who were enrolled in WIC during the first trimester, intended to breastfeed or were undecided, and continued in WIC after delivery, comprised 1 baseline cohort (n = 688) and 2 intervention cohorts: Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool (BAPT) (consented, n = 362) and non-BAPT (declined, n = 408)...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670294/teacher-perceptions-of-their-curricular-and-pedagogical-shifts-outcomes-of-a-project-based-model-of-teacher-professional-development-in-the-next-generation-science-standards
#5
David J Shernoff, Suparna Sinha, Denise M Bressler, Dawna Schultz
In this study, we conducted a model of teacher professional development (PD) on the alignment of middle and high school curricula and instruction to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSSs), and evaluated the impact of the PD on teacher participants' development. The PD model included a 4-day summer academy emphasizing project-based learning (PBL) in the designing of NGSS-aligned curricula and instruction, as well as monthly follow-up Professional Learning Community meetings throughout the year providing numerous opportunities for teachers to develop and implement lesson plans, share results of lesson writing and implementation (successes and challenges), provide mutual feedback, and refine curricula and assessments...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650814/multi-label-classification-by-semi-supervised-singular-value-decomposition
#6
Liping Jing, Chenyang Shen, Liu Yang, Jian Yu, Michael K Ng
Multi-label problems arise in various domains, including automatic multimedia data categorization, and have generated significant interest in computer vision and machine learning community. However, existing methods do not adequately address two key challenges: exploiting correlations between labels and making up for the lack of labelled data or even missing labelled data. In this paper, we proposed to use a semi-supervised singular value decomposition (SVD) to handle these two challenges. The proposed model takes advantage of the nuclear norm regularization on the SVD to effectively capture the label correlations...
October 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638516/a-professionalism-curricular-model-to-promote-transformative-learning-among-residents
#7
Cecile M Foshee, Ali Mehdi, S Beth Bierer, Elias I Traboulsi, J Harry Isaacson, Abby Spencer, Cassandra Calabrese, Brian B Burkey
BACKGROUND: Using the frameworks of transformational learning and situated learning theory, we developed a technology-enhanced professionalism curricular model to build a learning community aimed at promoting residents' self-reflection and self-awareness. The RAPR model had 4 components: (1) Recognize: elicit awareness; (2) Appreciate: question assumptions and take multiple perspectives; (3) Practice: try new/changed perspectives; and (4) Reflect: articulate implications of transformed views on future actions...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623678/the-acculturation-language-and-learning-experiences-of-international-nursing-students-implications-for-nursing-education
#8
Creina Mitchell, Letitia Del Fabbro, Julie Shaw
BACKGROUND: International or foreign students are those who enrol in universities outside their country of citizenship. They face many challenges acculturating to and learning in a new country and education system, particularly if they study in an additional language. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative inquiry aimed to explore the learning and acculturating experiences of international nursing students to identify opportunities for teaching innovation to optimise the experiences and learning of international nursing students...
September 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572409/change-is-here-adea-cci-2-0-a-learning-community-for-the-advancement-of-dental-education
#9
Anthony M Palatta, Denise K Kassebaum, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Nadeem Y Karimbux, Frank W Licari, Nader A Nadershahi, Muhammad F Walji, Jeffery C B Stewart, Richard W Valachovic
On May 12, 2005, the inaugural meeting of the American Dental Education Association Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education (ADEA CCI) was convened. Comprised of thought leaders representative of dental education and practice, the ADEA CCI published groundbreaking white papers that effectively helped bring dental education across the threshold of the 21st century. Twelve years later, a new ADEA CCI has been convened-ADEA CCI 2.0. The ADEA CCI 2.0 is a broad-ranging, strategically interconnected, flexible, and multifarious community of stakeholders situated within and across all facets of oral health education and practice...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525568/scenery-a-web-application-for-causal-network-reconstruction-from-cytometry-data
#10
Georgios Papoutsoglou, Giorgos Athineou, Vincenzo Lagani, Iordanis Xanthopoulos, Angelika Schmidt, Szabolcs Éliás, Jesper Tegnér, Ioannis Tsamardinos
Flow and mass cytometry technologies can probe proteins as biological markers in thousands of individual cells simultaneously, providing unprecedented opportunities for reconstructing networks of protein interactions through machine learning algorithms. The network reconstruction (NR) problem has been well-studied by the machine learning community. However, the potentials of available methods remain largely unknown to the cytometry community, mainly due to their intrinsic complexity and the lack of comprehensive, powerful and easy-to-use NR software implementations specific for cytometry data...
May 19, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512513/using-a-concept-inventory-to-reveal-student-thinking-associated-with-common-misconceptions-about-antibiotic-resistance
#11
Ann M Stevens, Ann C Smith, Gili Marbach-Ad, Sarah A Balcom, John Buchner, Sandra L Daniel, Jeffrey J DeStefano, Najib M El-Sayed, Kenneth Frauwirth, Vincent T Lee, Kevin S McIver, Stephen B Melville, David M Mosser, David L Popham, Birgit E Scharf, Florian D Schubot, Richard W Seyler, Patricia Ann Shields, Wenxia Song, Daniel C Stein, Richard C Stewart, Katerina V Thompson, Zhaomin Yang, Stephanie A Yarwood
Misconceptions, also known as alternate conceptions, about key concepts often hinder the ability of students to learn new knowledge. Concept inventories (CIs) are designed to assess students' understanding of key concepts, especially those prone to misconceptions. Two-tiered CIs include prompts that ask students to explain the logic behind their answer choice. Such two-tiered CIs afford an opportunity for faculty to explore the student thinking behind the common misconceptions represented by their choice of a distractor...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391206/multiple-swarm-ensembles-improving-the-predictive-power-and-robustness-of-predictive-models-and-its-use-in-computational-biology
#12
Pedro Alves, Shuang Liu, Daifeng Wang, Mark Gerstein
Machine learning is an integral part of computational biology, and has already shown its use in various applications, such as prognostic tests. In the last few years in the non-biological machine learning community, ensembling techniques have shown their power in data mining competitions such as the Netflix challenge; however, such methods have not found wide use in computational biology. In this work we endeavor to show how ensembling techniques can be applied to practical problems, including problems in the field of bioinformatics, and how they often outperform other machine learning techniques in both predictive power and robustness...
April 5, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258644/group-affective-learning-in-training-for-psychotherapy-and-psychoanalysis
#13
Jill Savege Scharff, David E Scharff
This paper describes The Group Affective Model, a method for teaching psychoanalytic concepts and their clinical application, using multi-channel teaching, process and review in group settings, and learning from experience in an open systems learning community for psychoanalysts and psychotherapists. This innovation arose in response to criticism of existing methods in psychoanalytic education that have subordinated the primary educational task to that of the training analysis. Noticing this split between education and training analysis, between cognition and affect, and between concepts of individual and group unconscious processes, we developed the Group Affective Model for teaching and learning psychoanalysis and psychotherapy in an open psychological space in which students and faculty experience individual and group processes of digestion, assimilation, and review, which demonstrate the concepts in action and make them available for internalization selectively...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237847/social-learning-in-the-anthropocene-novel-challenges-shadow-networks-and-ethical-practices
#14
REVIEW
Jeremy J Schmidt
The Anthropocene presents novel challenges for environmental management. This paper considers the challenges that the Anthropocene poses for social learning techniques in adaptive management. It situates these challenges with respect to how anthropogenic forcing on the Earth system affects the conditions required for: (1) The cooperative exercises of social learning; (2) The techniques used for assessing the fit of institutions to social-ecological systems; and, (3) The strategies employed for identifying management targets that are transformed by human action...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198670/metatopics-an-integration-tool-to-analyze-microbial-community-profile-by-topic-model
#15
Jifang Yan, Guohui Chuai, Tao Qi, Fangyang Shao, Chi Zhou, Chenyu Zhu, Jing Yang, Yifei Yu, Cong Shi, Ning Kang, Yuan He, Qi Liu
BACKGROUND: Deciphering taxonomical structures based on high dimensional sequencing data is still challenging in metagenomics study. Moreover, the common workflow processed in this field fails to identify microbial communities and their effect on a specific disease status. Even the relationships and interactions between different bacteria in a microbial community keep unknown. RESULTS: MetaTopics can efficiently extract the latent microbial communities which reflect the intrinsic relations or interactions among several major microbes...
January 25, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186027/expanding-the-reach-of-continuing-educational-offerings-through-a-web-based-virtual-network-the-experience-of-inspirenet
#16
Noreen C Frisch, Pat Atherton, Elizabeth M Borycki, Grace Mickelson, Agnes Black, Helen Novak Lauscher, Jennifer Cordeiro
Virtual platforms using webinars, e-posters, e-newsletters, wikis and blogs connect people who have common interests in new ways. When those individuals are healthcare providers, a professional network that operates on a virtual platform can support their needs for learning, professional development and information currency. The practice of e-learning for continuing professional development is emerging , particularly in nursing where shift work shift inhibits their ability to attend conferences and classes...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076801/msmbuilder-statistical-models-for-biomolecular-dynamics
#17
Matthew P Harrigan, Mohammad M Sultan, Carlos X Hernández, Brooke E Husic, Peter Eastman, Christian R Schwantes, Kyle A Beauchamp, Robert T McGibbon, Vijay S Pande
MSMBuilder is a software package for building statistical models of high-dimensional time-series data. It is designed with a particular focus on the analysis of atomistic simulations of biomolecular dynamics such as protein folding and conformational change. MSMBuilder is named for its ability to construct Markov state models (MSMs), a class of models that has gained favor among computational biophysicists. In addition to both well-established and newer MSM methods, the package includes complementary algorithms for understanding time-series data such as hidden Markov models and time-structure based independent component analysis...
January 10, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062932/prevalence-and-quality-of-individual-placement-and-support-ips-supported-employment-in-the-united-states
#18
Annalee Johnson-Kwochka, Gary R Bond, Deborah R Becker, Robert E Drake, Mary Ann Greene
The individual placement and support (IPS) model of supported employment for people with serious mental illness is an evidence-based practice. Factors including a national learning community promoting IPS and enforcement of the Supreme Court's Olmstead decision have spurred the growth of IPS nationwide. In this study we first evaluated the national prevalence and quality of IPS programs. We then evaluated the impact of learning community membership and Olmstead settlements on IPS program penetration and quality across the United States...
January 6, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062925/impact-of-vocational-interests-previous-academic-experience-gender-and-age-on-situational-judgement-test-performance
#19
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116)...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018533/developing-emotional-intelligence-in-the-clinical-learning-environment-a-case-study-in-cultural-transformation
#20
Joanne Cohen-Katz, Jeffrey L Sternlieb, Susan E Hansen, Julie A Dostal
BACKGROUND : Burnout continues to erode the physician workforce, and there are few effective intervention studies to guide educators. OBJECTIVE : We explored residents' experience in a model environment emphasizing resident wellness, safety, and interpersonal skills. METHODS : As 1 of 14 participants in the national Preparing the Personal Physician for Practice (P(4)) project, the family medicine residency at Lehigh Valley Health Network implemented a series of curricular changes designed to transform the culture of education...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
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