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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767229/usability-of-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder, Olli Tenovuo, Anne Kaljonen, Katri Laimi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate functioning measured with the 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) in patients with mild, moderate and severe traumatic brain injury, and to compare patients' experiences with assessments made by their significant others and by consultant neurologists. METHODS: A total of 112 consecutive patients with traumatic brain injury (29 mild, 43 moderate, 40 severe) and their significant others completed a 12-item WHODAS 2...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746352/healthstart-an-innovative-pilot-model-promoting-diversity-in-nursing-education
#2
Julie A Vignato, Teresa Guinon
This article describes a pilot model for promoting diversity in prelicensure nursing education. The National League for Nursing calls on nursing education leadership to recruit, retain, and graduate diverse students to promote nursing diversity and decrease health disparities. Scaffolding contextualized learning through a learning community and "The Puente Project" bicultural and bilingual outreach guidelines were combined to create HealthStart. Retention rates increased by 23.5 percent in a predominately low socioeconomic, racially and ethnically diverse population...
May 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691796/mentorship-in-medicine-and-other-health-professions
#3
Nayanee Henry-Noel, Maria Bishop, Clement K Gwede, Ekaterina Petkova, Ewa Szumacher
Mentoring skills are valuable assets for academic medicine and allied health faculty, who influence and help shape the careers of the next generation of healthcare providers. Mentors are role models who also act as guides for students' personal and professional development over time. Mentors can be instrumental in conveying explicit academic knowledge required to master curriculum content. Importantly, they can enhance implicit knowledge about the "hidden curriculum" of professionalism, ethics, values, and the art of medicine not learned from texts...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629629/spatial-extreme-learning-machines-an-application-on-prediction-of-disease-counts
#4
Marcos O Prates
Extreme learning machines have gained a lot of attention by the machine learning community because of its interesting properties and computational advantages. With the increase in collection of information nowadays, many sources of data have missing information making statistical analysis harder or unfeasible. In this paper, we present a new model, coined spatial extreme learning machine, that combine spatial modeling with extreme learning machines keeping the nice properties of both methodologies and making it very flexible and robust...
January 1, 2018: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624518/novice-and-expert-clinical-instructors-a-method-to-enhance-teaching-capabilities
#5
Tammy Roman
Due to scarce opportunities for professional development in clinical teaching, an online learning community was developed to provide initial and ongoing education for novice and experienced clinical instructors. Asynchronous learning modules were developed that included discussion boards to share best practices. Results demonstrated a significant change in the participants' knowledge of clinical teaching as well as the identification of a lack of confidence among novice instructors (p < .05). This research establishes the benefit of a learning community for both new and experienced clinical instructors and the need to increase confidence in their teaching abilities...
April 5, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580449/medical-students-rate-black-female-peers-as-less-socially-connected
#6
Kenneth D Royal
BACKGROUND: Social and cultural outcomes are critically important in medical education. A large medical school located in the United States implemented a learning community model intended to promote social and cultural growth among its medical students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree to which medical students from the same peer cohort were socially connected across racial and sex groups. METHODS: Because most assessments involving social and cultural outcomes involve self-reported data of a personal nature, the possibility of social desirability bias is increased...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575098/virtual-learning-communities-for-faculty-members-does-whatsapp-work
#7
Emma Hayward, Andrew Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550582/a-deep-learning-approach-for-pose-estimation-from-volumetric-oct-data
#8
Nils Gessert, Matthias Schlüter, Alexander Schlaefer
Tracking the pose of instruments is a central problem in image-guided surgery. For microscopic scenarios, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is increasingly used as an imaging modality. OCT is suitable for accurate pose estimation due to its micrometer range resolution and volumetric field of view. However, OCT image processing is challenging due to speckle noise and reflection artifacts in addition to the images' 3D nature. We address pose estimation from OCT volume data with a new deep learning-based tracking framework...
May 2018: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488097/the-massive-online-needs-assessment-mona-to-inform-the-development-of-an-emergency-haematology-educational-blog-series
#9
Teresa M Chan, David Jo, Andrew W Shih, Vinai C Bhagirath, Lana A Castellucci, Calvin Yeh, Brent Thoma, Eric K Tseng, Kerstin de Wit
BACKGROUND: Online educational resources are criticized as being teacher-centred, failing to address learner's needs. Needs assessments are an important precursor to inform curriculum development, but these are often overlooked or skipped by developers of online educational resources due to cumbersome measurement tools. Novel methods are required to identify perceived and unperceived learning needs to allow targeted development of learner-centred curricula. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of performing a novel technique dubbed the Massive Online Needs Assessment (MONA) for the purpose of emergency haematology online educational curricular planning, within an online learning community (affiliated with the Free Open Access Medical education movement)...
February 27, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402291/evaluating-a-dementia-learning-community-exploratory-study-and-research-implications
#10
Rod Sheaff, Ian Sherriff, Catherine Hagan Hennessy
BACKGROUND: Access times for, the costs and overload of hospital services are an increasingly salient issue for healthcare managers in many countries. Rising demand for hospital care has been attributed partly to unplanned admissions for older people, and among these partly to the increasing prevalence of dementia. The paper makes a preliminary evaluation of the logic model of a Dementia Learning Community (DLC) intended to reduce unplanned hospital admissions from care homes of people with dementia...
February 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194300/nursing-living-learning-communities-and-student-retention-a-qualitative-study
#11
Renee N Bauer, Susan Kiger
BACKGROUND: Living-learning communities have been known to promote student performance and a sense of collegiality. Most studies on this topic have utilized quantitative methods. AIM: This qualitative comparison case study examined personal experiences associated with residing in a living-learning community. The study was conducted to explore findings associated with promoting student retention. A secondary goal was to explore student experiences with mentoring...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189650/application-of-adult-learning-theory-to-physician-assistant-education
#12
Sarah K Lewis, Patricia Thompson
Just as we depend on medical science and research to treat patients, we should connect our teaching methods to educational theory and research. In particular, the foundations of adult education philosophy and adult learning theories can be deliberately applied to further strengthen the clinical learning experience of physician assistants (PAs). We propose that PA educators should be aware of how their personal philosophy of education affects their teaching practice. In addition, educators should apply learning theories to both classroom process and content...
December 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189504/the-use-of-the-data-to-action-framework-in-the-evaluation-of-cdc-s-delta-focus-program
#13
Theresa L Armstead, Megan Kearns, Kirsten Rambo, Lianne Fuino Estefan, Jenny Dills, Moira S Rivera, Rasha El-Beshti
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States (DELTA FOCUS) program is a 5-year cooperative agreement (2013-2018) funding 10 state domestic violence coalitions and local coordinated community response teams to engage in primary prevention of intimate partner violence. Grantees' prevention strategies were often developmental and emergent; therefore, CDC's approach to program oversight, administration, and support to grantees required a flexible approach...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186846/dimension-reduction-aided-hyperspectral-image-classification-with-a-small-sized-training-dataset-experimental-comparisons
#14
Jinya Su, Dewei Yi, Cunjia Liu, Lei Guo, Wen-Hua Chen
Hyperspectral images (HSI) provide rich information which may not be captured by other sensing technologies and therefore gradually find a wide range of applications. However, they also generate a large amount of irrelevant or redundant data for a specific task. This causes a number of issues including significantly increased computation time, complexity and scale of prediction models mapping the data to semantics (e.g., classification), and the need of a large amount of labelled data for training. Particularly, it is generally difficult and expensive for experts to acquire sufficient training samples in many applications...
November 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162140/using-a-multi-state-learning-community-as-an-implementation-strategy-for-immediate-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#15
Carla L DeSisto, Cameron Estrich, Charlan D Kroelinger, David A Goodman, Ellen Pliska, Christine N Mackie, Lisa F Waddell, Kristin M Rankin
BACKGROUND: Implementation strategies are imperative for the successful adoption and sustainability of complex evidence-based public health practices. Creating a learning collaborative is one strategy that was part of a recently published compilation of implementation strategy terms and definitions. In partnership with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other partner agencies, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials recently convened a multi-state Learning Community to support cross-state collaboration and provide technical assistance for improving state capacity to increase access to long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in the immediate postpartum period, an evidence-based practice with the potential for reducing unintended pregnancy and improving maternal and child health outcomes...
November 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#16
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. Although the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
February 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136513/facilitating-learning-through-an-international-virtual-collaborative-practice-a-case-study
#17
Monne Wihlborg, Elizabeth E Friberg, Karen M Rose, Linda Eastham
BACKGROUND: Internationalisation of higher education involving information and communication technology such as e-learning opens opportunities for innovative learning approaches across nations and cultures. OBJECTIVES: Describe a case in practice of collaborative and transformative learning in relation to 'internationalisation on home grounds' with the broader learning objective of 'becoming aware and knowledgeable'. DESIGN: A mutually developed project established a virtual international collaborative exchange for faculty and students using a course management software (MOODLE) and open access technology (Adobe CONNECT)...
February 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117091/the-application-of-observational-practice-and-educational-networking-in-simulation-based-and-distributed-medical-education-contexts
#18
Arthur Welsher, David Rojas, Zain Khan, Laura VanderBeek, Bill Kapralos, Lawrence E M Grierson
INTRODUCTION: Research has revealed that individuals can improve technical skill performance by viewing demonstrations modeled by either expert or novice performers. These findings support the development of video-based observational practice communities that augment simulation-based skill education and connect geographically distributed learners. This study explores the experimental replicability of the observational learning effect when demonstrations are sampled from a community of distributed learners and serves as a context for understanding learner experiences within this type of training protocol...
February 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082768/enhancing-pediatricians-behavioral-health-competencies-through-child-psychiatry-consultation-and-education
#19
Heather J Walter, Gina Kackloudis, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio, Jonas Bromberg, David R DeMaso, Glenn Focht
The objective of this study was to assess feasibility, utilization, perceived value, and targeted behavioral health (BH) treatment self-efficacy associated with a collaborative child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) consultation and BH education program for pediatric primary care practitioners (PCPs). Eighty-one PCPs from 41 member practices of a statewide pediatric practice association affiliated with an academic medical center participated in a program comprising on-demand telephonic CAP consultation supported by an extensive BH learning community...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068561/the-effect-of-fasting-on-gastrointestinal-motility-in-healthy-dogs-as-assessed-by-sonography
#20
Jillian J Sanderson, Søren R Boysen, Jantina M McMurray, Albert Lee, Jenefer R Stillion
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of fasting on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in healthy dogs, as detected by 2D ultrasound. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University Distributed Veterinary Learning Community. ANIMALS: Ten healthy client-owned dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs were fasted 24 hours following regular feeding. After this first feeding and during the 24 hour fasting period, 2D ultrasound was performed to detect sonographically visible GI contractions of the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum/ileum at T = 30 minutes, 6 hours, 12 hours, and 24 hours...
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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