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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#1
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136513/facilitating-learning-through-an-international-virtual-collaborative-practice-a-case-study
#2
Monne Wihlborg, Elizabeth E Friberg, Karen M Rose, Linda Eastham
BACKGROUND: Internationalisation of higher education involving information and communication technology such as e-learning opens opportunities for innovative learning approaches across nations and cultures. OBJECTIVES: Describe a case in practice of collaborative and transformative learning in relation to 'internationalisation on home grounds' with the broader learning objective of 'becoming aware and knowledgeable'. DESIGN: A mutually developed project established a virtual international collaborative exchange for faculty and students using a course management software (MOODLE) and open access technology (Adobe CONNECT)...
November 4, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117091/the-application-of-observational-practice-and-educational-networking-in-simulation-based-and-distributed-medical-education-contexts
#3
Arthur Welsher, David Rojas, Zain Khan, Laura VanderBeek, Bill Kapralos, Lawrence E M Grierson
INTRODUCTION: Research has revealed that individuals can improve technical skill performance by viewing demonstrations modeled by either expert or novice performers. These findings support the development of video-based observational practice communities that augment simulation-based skill education and connect geographically distributed learners. This study explores the experimental replicability of the observational learning effect when demonstrations are sampled from a community of distributed learners and serves as a context for understanding learner experiences within this type of training protocol...
November 8, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082768/enhancing-pediatricians-behavioral-health-competencies-through-child-psychiatry-consultation-and-education
#4
Heather J Walter, Gina Kackloudis, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio, Jonas Bromberg, David R DeMaso, Glenn Focht
The objective of this study was to assess feasibility, utilization, perceived value, and targeted behavioral health (BH) treatment self-efficacy associated with a collaborative child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) consultation and BH education program for pediatric primary care practitioners (PCPs). Eighty-one PCPs from 41 member practices of a statewide pediatric practice association affiliated with an academic medical center participated in a program comprising on-demand telephonic CAP consultation supported by an extensive BH learning community...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068561/the-effect-of-fasting-on-gastrointestinal-motility-in-healthy-dogs-as-assessed-by-sonography
#5
Jillian J Sanderson, Søren R Boysen, Jantina M McMurray, Albert Lee, Jenefer R Stillion
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of fasting on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in healthy dogs, as detected by 2D ultrasound. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University Distributed Veterinary Learning Community. ANIMALS: Ten healthy client-owned dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs were fasted 24 hours following regular feeding. After this first feeding and during the 24 hour fasting period, 2D ultrasound was performed to detect sonographically visible GI contractions of the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum/ileum at T = 30 minutes, 6 hours, 12 hours, and 24 hours...
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056623/the-raise-coalition-lessons-learned-from-a-multisector-coalition-used-to-implement-high-impact-population-wide-strategies-in-cleveland-ohio
#6
Pedro Arista, Cathy Vue, Michael Byun, Ashley Choi, Kathy Ko Chin
BACKGROUND: Recent public health initiatives include policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) strategies with the aim of improving community health. These high-impact, population-wide strategies provide opportunities for multisector coalitions to engage and inform the implementation process to ultimately reach underrepresented communities, like Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to discuss (1) the objectives of "Reaching Asian Americans through Innovative and Supportive Engagement," (RAISE) a multisector coalition (2) describe the process in which the coalition was engaged in, and (3) share lessons learned that can inform future partnerships with various sectors that reach AAPI communities that are highly diverse and in geographically dispersed areas...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045504/molecular-tumor-boards-current-practice-and-future-needs
#7
D L van der Velden, C M L van Herpen, H W M van Laarhoven, E F Smit, H J M Groen, S M Willems, P M Nederlof, M H G Langenberg, E Cuppen, S Sleijfer, N Steeghs, E E Voest
Background: due to rapid technical advances, steeply declining sequencing costs, and the ever-increasing number of targeted therapies, it can be expected that extensive tumor sequencing such as Whole Exome- and -Genome Sequencing will soon be applied in standard care. Clinicians will thus be confronted with increasingly complex genetic information and multiple test-platforms to choose from. General medical training, meanwhile, can hardly keep up with the pace of innovation. Consequently, there is a rapidly growing gap between clinical knowledge and genetic potential in cancer care...
September 27, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027478/educational-initiative-to-standardize-concussion-management-in-pediatric-primary-care
#8
Alex M Taylor, Lise E Nigrovic, Meredith L Saillant, Emily K Trudell, Jonathan R Modest, Madeleine Kuhn, Louis Vernacchio
Pediatric primary care providers report limited training and tools to manage concussion. We developed a learning community intervention for a large independent pediatric practice association affiliated with a university hospital to standardize concussion management and improve the use of consensus-based guidelines. The learning community included in-person and online didactics, followed by a web-based reinforcement platform to educate and train clinicians on our treatment algorithm and decision support tools...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026755/attitude-toward-learning-of-community-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-school-students
#9
Japhereena Murugavel, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan, Dhivyatharani Krishnamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Community medicine strives to protect and promote the health and well-being of the community through primary health care approach. However the preference of community medicine as career among medical school students and curriculum of community medicine is pivotal. AIM: The study intended to find the attitude towards learning of community medicine and also to assess the preference of post graduation specialty among medical school students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study conducted at a teaching hospital located in Tamil Nadu, South India...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991842/medical-school-factors-that-prepare-students-to-become-leaders-in-medicine
#10
Louise Arnold, Paul G Cuddy, Susan B Hathaway, Jennifer L Quaintance, Steven L Kanter
PURPOSE: To identify medical school factors graduates in major leadership positions perceive as contributing to their leadership development. METHOD: Using a phenomenological, qualitative approach, in August-November 2015 the authors conducted semistructured interviews with 48 medical leaders who were 1976-1999 baccalaureate-MD graduates of the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine (UMKC). At UMKC, they participated in longitudinal learning communities, the centerpiece for learning professional values and behaviors plus clinical skills, knowledge, and judgment, but received no formal leadership instruction...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977779/pedagogical-scholarship-in-public-health-a-call-for-cultivating-learning-communities-to-support-evidence-based-education
#11
Cheryl Merzel, Perry Halkitis, Cheryl Healton
Public health education is experiencing record growth and transformation. The current emphasis on learning outcomes necessitates attention to creating and evaluating the best curricula and learning methods for helping public health students develop public health competencies. Schools and programs of public health would benefit from active engagement in pedagogical research and additional platforms to support dissemination and implementation of educational research findings. We reviewed current avenues for sharing public health educational research, curricula, and best teaching practices; we identified useful models from other health professions; and we offered suggestions for how the field of public health education can develop communities of learning devoted to supporting pedagogy...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971429/bullying-in-virtual-learning-communities
#12
Stefanos Nikiforos, Spyros Tzanavaris, Katia Lida Kermanidis
Bullying through the internet has been investigated and analyzed mainly in the field of social media. In this paper, it is attempted to analyze bullying in the Virtual Learning Communities using Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques, mainly in the context of sociocultural learning theories. Therefore four case studies took place. We aim to apply NLP techniques to speech analysis on communication data of online communities. Emphasis is given on qualitative data, taking into account the subjectivity of the collaborative activity...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892728/-pre-run-re-run-an-innovative-research-capacity-building-exercise
#13
Margaret McAllister, Donna Lee Brien
Within higher education it is ironic that experienced and novice researchers rarely take the opportunity to come together to share their research - whether these be to discuss findings, puzzles or developing projects. Within this paper, an innovative strategy building on these assumptions is described. It is entitled: 'Pre-run, Re-run' and is a learning community where specific processes are modelled by all to help build professional communication, collegial respect, and scholarship. Our evaluation showed that there is value in bringing together researchers especially when they have diverse profiles...
November 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866526/lstmvis-a-tool-for-visual-analysis-of-hidden-state-dynamics-in-recurrent-neural-networks
#14
Hendrik Strobelt, Sebastian Gehrmann, Hanspeter Pfister, Alexander M Rush
Recurrent neural networks, and in particular long short-term memory (LSTM) networks, are a remarkably effective tool for sequence modeling that learn a dense black-box hidden representation of their sequential input. Researchers interested in better understanding these models have studied the changes in hidden state representations over time and noticed some interpretable patterns but also significant noise. In this work, we present LSTMVIS, a visual analysis tool for recurrent neural networks with a focus on understanding these hidden state dynamics...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858951/impact-of-interactive-video-communication-versus-text-based-feedback-on-teaching-social-and-cognitive-presence-in-online-learning-communities
#15
Charlotte Seckman
A key element to online learning is the ability to create a sense of presence to improve learning outcomes. This quasi-experimental study evaluated the impact of interactive video communication versus text-based feedback and found a significant difference between the 2 groups related to teaching, social, and cognitive presence. Recommendations to enhance presence should focus on providing timely feedback, interactive learning experiences, and opportunities for students to establish relationships with peers and faculty...
August 30, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736771/on-interestingness-measures-for-mining-statistically-significant-and-novel-clinical-associations-from-emrs
#16
Orhan Abar, Richard J Charnigo, Abner Rayapati, Ramakanth Kavuluru
Association rule mining has received significant attention from both the data mining and machine learning communities. While data mining researchers focus more on designing efficient algorithms to mine rules from large datasets, the learning community has explored applications of rule mining to classification. A major problem with rule mining algorithms is the explosion of rules even for moderate sized datasets making it very difficult for end users to identify both statistically significant and potentially novel rules that could lead to interesting new insights and hypotheses...
October 2016: ACM-BCB: ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721117/experiential-learning-in-physical-therapy-education
#17
Susan N Smith, Amy F Crocker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experiential learning can provide students in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education programs the opportunity to practice skills and techniques, learned in the classroom, in a real-world setting. Experiential learning is currently being utilized in all entry-level PT programs in the form of professional practice experiences but may be integrated throughout the curriculum to enhance student engagement and knowledge application and retention. The purpose of this paper is to express the need for increased integration of experiential learning into entry-level PT education curricula...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689555/implementing-a-wic-based-intervention-to-promote-exclusive-breastfeeding-challenges-facilitators-and-adaptive-strategies
#18
Johanna D Eldridge, Josette O Hartnett, Furrina F Lee, Jackson P Sekhobo, Lynn S Edmunds
OBJECTIVE: Understand factors that contributed to the implementation of a successful multicomponent intervention to promote exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) within Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Woman, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics. DESIGN: Qualitative study of staff implementers' experiences using implementation status reports, facilitated group discussion immediately after implementation, and WIC administrative data. SETTING: WIC staff from 12 clinics participated in an EBF Learning Community composed of 8 intervention trainings and ongoing support from trainers and peers...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689553/outcome-evaluation-of-the-you-can-do-it-initiative-to-promote-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-women-enrolled-in-the-new-york-state-wic-program-by-race-ethnicity
#19
Lynn S Edmunds, Furrina F Lee, Johanna D Eldridge, Jackson P Sekhobo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of You Can Do It at improving exclusive breastfeeding (BF) among New York State women enrolled in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study, September, 2013 through February, 2016. SETTING: Multicomponent intervention paired with a yearlong learning community in 12 clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Women who were enrolled in WIC during the first trimester, intended to breastfeed or were undecided, and continued in WIC after delivery, comprised 1 baseline cohort (n = 688) and 2 intervention cohorts: Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool (BAPT) (consented, n = 362) and non-BAPT (declined, n = 408)...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670294/teacher-perceptions-of-their-curricular-and-pedagogical-shifts-outcomes-of-a-project-based-model-of-teacher-professional-development-in-the-next-generation-science-standards
#20
David J Shernoff, Suparna Sinha, Denise M Bressler, Dawna Schultz
In this study, we conducted a model of teacher professional development (PD) on the alignment of middle and high school curricula and instruction to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSSs), and evaluated the impact of the PD on teacher participants' development. The PD model included a 4-day summer academy emphasizing project-based learning (PBL) in the designing of NGSS-aligned curricula and instruction, as well as monthly follow-up Professional Learning Community meetings throughout the year providing numerous opportunities for teachers to develop and implement lesson plans, share results of lesson writing and implementation (successes and challenges), provide mutual feedback, and refine curricula and assessments...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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