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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144998/work-based-learning-in-health-care-organisations-experienced-by-nursing-staff-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Marja Nevalainen, Nina Lunkka, Marjo Suhonen
The aim of this review is to systematically summarise qualitative evidence about work-based learning in health care organisations as experienced by nursing staff. Work-based learning is understood as informal learning that occurs inside the work community in the interaction between employees. Studies for this review were searched for in the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and ABI Inform ProQuest databases for the period 2000-2015. Nine original studies met the inclusion criteria. After the critical appraisal by two researchers, all nine studies were selected for the review...
November 11, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144787/lessons-learned-from-a-food-environment-intervention-study-recruitment-and-retention-of-participants-in-disadvantaged-urban-inner-city-neighborhoods
#2
Rachel Engler-Stringer, Joelle Schaefer, Tracy Ridalls, Nazeem Muhajarine
Growing health inequities have led to calls for population health intervention research that can contribute to improving the health of marginalized populations, but conducting research with these communities can be challenging. When research aims to examine and understand an aspect of health in a population characterized as hard-to-reach or marginalized, recruitment techniques appear to have a significant impact on participation and sample retention in longitudinal studies. We examine and comment on the recruitment and retention techniques used in the Good Food, Healthy Families study conducted in low-income, inner-city neighborhoods in a midsized Canadian city; we hope that this will inform recruitment and retention approaches for population health intervention studies in similar populations...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143775/low-cost-air-quality-monitoring-tools-from-research-to-practice-a-workshop-summary
#3
REVIEW
Andrea L Clements, William G Griswold, Abhijit Rs, Jill E Johnston, Megan M Herting, Jacob Thorson, Ashley Collier-Oxandale, Michael Hannigan
In May 2017, a two-day workshop was held in Los Angeles (California, U.S.A.) to gather practitioners who work with low-cost sensors used to make air quality measurements. The community of practice included individuals from academia, industry, non-profit groups, community-based organizations, and regulatory agencies. The group gathered to share knowledge developed from a variety of pilot projects in hopes of advancing the collective knowledge about how best to use low-cost air quality sensors. Panel discussion topics included: (1) best practices for deployment and calibration of low-cost sensor systems, (2) data standardization efforts and database design, (3) advances in sensor calibration, data management, and data analysis and visualization, and (4) lessons learned from research/community partnerships to encourage purposeful use of sensors and create change/action...
October 28, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#4
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138613/medical-student-involvement-in-health-policy-roles
#5
Bassit Malik, Utkarsh Ojha, Hassan Khan, Farzana Begum, Harun Khan, Qasim Malik
Objectives: A teaching curriculum in health policy may be well established in medical school; however, an emphasis on applying taught principles via participation in health policy roles is less defined. We undertook a study to explore medical student participation in health policy roles. Design and setting: An anonymous online survey via convenience sampling was conducted in the UK. Participants: A total of 112 students from six medical schools participated in the study...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138172/framework-for-building-primary-care-capacity-to-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#6
Andrew D Pinto, Gary Bloch
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Family physicians have long understood that social factors influence the health of individuals and communities; however, most primary care organizations have yet to develop the capacity to specifically address these social determinants of health (SDOH). OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To support SDOH interventions and foster an organizational culture in which addressing SDOH is considered part of high-quality primary care. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: An academic family health team in Toronto, Ont, established a committee comprising a diverse group of health professionals focused on the SDOH...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137508/health-professional-education-and-universal-health-coverage-a-summary-of-challenges-and-selected-case-studies
#7
Arthika Sripathy, Joachim Marti, Hannah Patel, Javaid I Sheikh, Ara W Darzi
Low- and middle-income countries are experiencing serious shortages in meeting health workforce requirements for universal health coverage. We examine how national-level policies can address these deficiencies and support the development of an appropriately skilled health workforce in line with population needs. We discuss three innovative, government-led solutions that are designed to align health workforce training with the demands of universal health coverage. Specifically, we discuss two initiatives to train and retain doctors in rural areas of Thailand, the large-scale training of community health workers within multidisciplinary primary health care teams in Brazil, and the introduction of a postgraduate diploma program in primary care for nurses in India...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136513/facilitating-learning-through-an-international-virtual-collaborative-practice-a-case-study
#8
Monne Wihlborg, Elizabeth E Friberg, Karen M Rose, Linda Eastham
BACKGROUND: Internationalisation of higher education involving information and communication technology such as e-learning opens opportunities for innovative learning approaches across nations and cultures. OBJECTIVES: Describe a case in practice of collaborative and transformative learning in relation to 'internationalisation on home grounds' with the broader learning objective of 'becoming aware and knowledgeable'. DESIGN: A mutually developed project established a virtual international collaborative exchange for faculty and students using a course management software (MOODLE) and open access technology (Adobe CONNECT)...
November 4, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136362/examiner-calibration-in-caries-detection-for-populations-and-settings-where-in-vivo-calibration-is-not-practical
#9
B Christian, E Amezdroz, H Calache, M Gussy, R Sore, E Waters
AIM: to compare two methods of in vitro examiner calibration in populations and settings where clinical (in vivo) calibration is not practical. METHODS: Study design was cross-sectional and fully-crossed. The units of analysis were 880 tooth surfaces, from ten children ages 3 to 4 years. The study had three data components: (1) Examiner training and calibration using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) e-Learning programme (2) In vivo community-based visual examination and (3) Intra-oral digital photographs of the same tooth surfaces from the in vivo visual examination...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134754/a-decrease-in-the-abundance-and-strategic-sophistication-of-cleaner-fish-after-environmental-perturbations
#10
Zegni Triki, Sharon Wismer, Elena Levorato, Redouan Bshary
Coral reef ecosystems are declining worldwide and under foreseeable threat due to climate change, resulting in significant changes in reef communities. It is unknown, however, how such community changes impact interspecific interactions. Recent extreme weather events affecting the Great Barrier Reef, that is, consecutive cyclones and the 2016 El Niño event, allowed us to explore potential consequences in the mutualistic interactions involving cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus (hereafter "cleaner"). After the perturbations, cleaner densities were reduced by 80%, disproportionally compared to the variety of reef fish clients from which cleaners remove ectoparasites...
November 14, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134069/engaging-rural-australian-communities-in-national-science-week-helps-increase-visibility-for-women-researchers
#11
Margaret C Hardy, Mathilde R Desselle
During a week-long celebration of science, run under the federally supported National Science Week umbrella, the Catch a Rising Star: women in Queensland research (CaRS) programme flew scientists who identify as women to nine regional and remote communities in the Australian State of Queensland. The aim of the project was twofold: first, to bring science to remote and regional communities in a large, economically diverse state; and second, to determine whether media and public engagement provides career advancement opportunities for women scientists...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132876/the-distraction-in-action-tool%C3%A2-feasibility-and-usability-in-clinical-settings
#12
Kirsten Hanrahan, Charmaine Kleiber, Ben J Miller, Heather Davis, Ann Marie McCarthy
PURPOSE: Distraction is a relatively simple, evidence-based intervention to minimize child distress during medical procedures. Timely on-site interventions that instruct parents on distraction coaching are needed. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and usability of the Distraction in Action Tool© (DAT©), which 1) predicts child risk for distress with a needle stick and 2) provides individualized instructions for parents on how to be a distraction coach for their child in clinical settings...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132278/gendered-childcare-norms-evidence-from-rural-swaziland-to-inform-innovative-structural-hiv-prevention-approaches-for-young-women
#13
Pinky N Shabangu, Michelle R Brear
Addressing discriminatory gender norms is a prerequisite for preventing HIV in women, including young women. However, the gendered expectation that women will perform unpaid childcare-related labour is rarely conceptualised as influencing their HIV risk. Our aim was to learn from members of a rural Swazi community about how gendered childcare norms. We performed sequential, interpretive analysis of focus group discussion and demographic survey data, generated through participatory action research. The results showed that gendered childcare norms were firmly entrenched and intertwined with discriminatory norms regarding sexual behaviour...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131878/association-of-brain-structure-changes-and-cognitive-function-with-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-positive-individuals
#14
Ryan Sanford, Lesley K Fellows, Beau M Ances, D Louis Collins
Importance: Despite the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continue to be a problem for treated HIV-positive individuals. The cause of this impairment remains unclear. Objective: To determine if detectable brain changes occur during a 2-year period in HIV-positive individuals who were aviremic and treated with cART. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal case-control study, participants underwent neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment approximately 2 years apart...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131451/what-we-do-and-do-not-know-about-women-and-kidney-diseases-questions-unanswered-and-answers-unquestioned-reflection-on-world-kidney-day-and-international-woman-s-day
#15
EDITORIAL
Giorgina B Piccoli, Mona Alrukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, Elena Zakharova, Adeera Levin
Chronic Kidney Disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically their kidney health, on the community, and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
November 13, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129123/opinions-of-nurses-regarding-conscientious-objection
#16
Rafael Toro-Flores, Pilar Bravo-Agüi, María Victoria Catalán-Gómez, Marisa González-Hernando, María Jesús Guijarro-Cenisergue, Margarita Moreno-Vázquez, Isabel Roch-Hamelin, Tamara Raquel Velasco-Sanz
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, there have been important developments in the scientific and technological areas of healthcare. On certain occasions this provokes conflict between the patients' rights and the values of healthcare professionals which brings about, within this clinical relationship, the problem of conscientious objection. AIMS: To learn the opinions that the Nurses of the Madrid Autonomous Community have regarding conscientious objection. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-cutting descriptive study...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129107/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-curriculum-to-prepare-volunteer-navigators-to-support-older-persons-living-with-serious-illness
#17
Wendy Duggleby, Barbara Pesut, Laura Cottrell, Lynnelle Friesen, Kelli Sullivan, Grace Warner
The purpose of this article is to report the development, implementation, and evaluation of a curriculum designed to prepare volunteer navigators to support community-dwelling older persons with serious chronic illness. The role of the volunteer navigator was to facilitate independence and quality of life through building social connections, improving access to resources, and fostering engagement. A curriculum was constructed from evidence-based competencies, piloted and revised, and then implemented in 7 subsequent workshops...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127902/a-survey-of-machine-learning-applications-in-hiv-clinical-research-and-care
#18
REVIEW
Kuteesa R Bisaso, Godwin T Anguzu, Susan A Karungi, Agnes Kiragga, Barbara Castelnuovo
A wealth of genetic, demographic, clinical and biomarker data is collected from routine clinical care of HIV patients and exists in the form of medical records available among the medical care and research communities. Machine learning (ML) methods have the ability to identify and discover patterns in complex datasets and predict future outcomes of HIV treatment. We survey published studies that make use of ML techniques in HIV clinical research and care. An advanced search relevant to the use of ML in HIV research was conducted in the PubMed biomedical database...
November 8, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127871/marine-radioecology-after-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-accident-are-we-better-positioned-to-understand-the-impact-of-radionuclides-in-marine-ecosystems
#19
J Vives I Batlle, M Aoyama, C Bradshaw, J Brown, K O Buesseler, N Casacuberta, M Christl, C Duffa, N R E N Impens, M Iosjpe, P Masqué, J Nishikawa
This paper focuses on how a community of researchers under the COMET (CO-ordination and iMplementation of a pan European projecT for radioecology) project has improved the capacity of marine radioecology to understand at the process level the behaviour of radionuclides in the marine environment, uptake by organisms and the resulting doses after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident occurred in 2011. We present new radioecological understanding of the processes involved, such as the interaction of waterborne radionuclides with suspended particles and sediments or the biological uptake and turnover of radionuclides, which have been better quantified and mathematically described...
November 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125975/prospective-prediction-of-arrests-for-driving-under-the-influence-from-relationship-patterns-with-family-and-friends-in-adolescence
#20
William E Pelham, Thomas J Dishion
Driving under the influence (DUI) is dangerous and costly, yet there are few prospective studies on modifiable risk and protective processes that would inform prevention. Middle adolescence, when most individuals are first learning to drive and first using alcohol, may be a particularly salient period for family and friendship influences on DUI risk. In the present study, youth's family and friendship environments were observed and measured at age 16 in a diverse community sample (n=999), and then court records were used to document arrest for DUI through the age of 32years...
October 13, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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