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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929478/defining-a-risk-informed-framework-for-whole-of-government-lessons-learned-a-canadian-perspective
#1
Shaye K Friesen, Shelley Kelsey, J A Jim Legere
Lessons learned play an important role in emergency management (EM) and organizational agility. Virtually all aspects of EM can derive benefit from a lessons learned program. From major security events to exercises, exploiting and applying lessons learned and "best practices" is critical to organizational resilience and adaptiveness. A robust lessons learned process and methodology provides an evidence base with which to inform decisions, guide plans, strengthen mitigation strategies, and assist in developing tools for operations...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929315/somali-older-adults-and-their-families-perceptions-of-adult-home-health-services
#2
Sarah Miner, Dianne V Liebel, Mary H Wilde, Jennifer K Carroll, Sadiya Omar
Many studies have identified the vulnerability of ethnic elders, and there is promising evidence indicating home health care (HHC) services can improve the health outcomes of Somali older adults. This study used a community-engaged qualitative descriptive approach with the participation of non-profit organization Refugees Helping Refugees. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe Somali older adults' and their families' perceptions of and experiences with HHC services in order to improve its use and access...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929301/urban-heart-detroit-a-tool-to-better-understand-and-address-health-equity-gaps-in-the-city
#3
R Mehdipanah, A J Schulz, B A Israel, C Gamboa, Z Rowe, M Khan, A Allen
The Urban Health Equity Assessment Response Tool (Urban HEART) combines statistical evidence and community knowledge to address urban health inequities. This paper describes the process of adopting and implementing this tool for Detroit, Michigan, the first city in the USA to use it. The six steps of Urban HEART were implemented by the Healthy Environments Partnership, a community-based participatory research partnership made up of community-based organizations, health service providers, and researchers based in academic institutions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928938/the-elixir-excelerate-train-the-trainer-pilot-programme-empower-researchers-to-deliver-high-quality-training
#4
Sarah L Morgan, Patricia M Palagi, Pedro L Fernandes, Eija Koperlainen, Jure Dimec, Diana Marek, Lee Larcombe, Gabriella Rustici, Teresa K Attwood, Allegra Via
One of the main goals of the ELIXIR-EXCELERATE project from the European Union's Horizon 2020 programme is to support a pan-European training programme to increase bioinformatics capacity and competency across ELIXIR Nodes. To this end, a Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme has been developed by the TtT subtask of EXCELERATE's Training Platform, to try to expose bioinformatics instructors to aspects of pedagogy and evidence-based learning principles, to help them better design, develop and deliver high-quality training in future...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928341/the-pursuit-of-healthier-communities-through-a-community-health-medical-education-program
#5
Francisco Lamus-Lemus, Camilo Correal-Muñoz, Erwin Hernandez-Rincon, Natalia Serrano-Espinosa, Clara Jaimes-deTriviño, Diana Diaz-Quijano, Juan Gabriel García-Manrique
BACKGROUND: Distinct periods in the community health undergraduate medical program at the University of La Sabana (Colombia) were identified in its evolution from 1999 to 2013. We describe each period and explain the succesion of changes toward improvement. METHODS: An ordered review of the community health program was constructed based on the retrospective recollection, classification, and analysis of information from document archives and interviews with participants...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927383/blended-learning-with-moodle-in-medical-statistics-an-assessment-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-relating-to-e-learning
#6
Li Luo, Xiaohua Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Junxue Zhang, Wenbo Zhu, Jiaying Yang, Pei Liu
BACKGROUND: Blended learning that combines a modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment (Moodle) with face-to-face teaching was applied to a medical statistics course to improve learning outcomes and evaluate the impact factors of students' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) relating to e-learning. METHODS: The same real-name questionnaire was administered before and after the intervention. The summed scores of every part (knowledge, attitude and practice) were calculated using the entropy method...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925582/the-dangers-of-oversimplification-quality-metrics-and-lung-transplantation
#7
EDITORIAL
Victor van Berkel
While many aspects of medical care are learning how to cope with the sudden proliferation of publicly reported quality metrics[1], the transplant community has been interpreting this type of data for over thirty years. Under the National Organ Transplantation Act of 1984, transplant centers are required to report their candidate and recipient information to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN), and that data is then analyzed by the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR), with outcomes reported on a twice yearly basis on a public website (www...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923016/5-hydroxymethylcytosine-is-highly-dynamic-across-human-fetal-brain-development
#8
Helen Spiers, Eilis Hannon, Leonard C Schalkwyk, Nicholas J Bray, Jonathan Mill
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic processes play a key role in orchestrating transcriptional regulation during the development of the human central nervous system. We previously described dynamic changes in DNA methylation (5mC) occurring during human fetal brain development, but other epigenetic processes operating during this period have not been extensively explored. Of particular interest is DNA hydroxymethylation (5hmC), a modification that is enriched in the human brain and hypothesized to play an important role in neuronal function, learning and memory...
September 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922705/from-ancient-to-avant-garde-a-review-of-traditional-and-modern-multimodal-approaches-to-surgical-anatomy-education
#9
REVIEW
Minhao Hu, David Wattchow, Dayan de Fontgalland
The landscape of surgical anatomy education is progressively changing. Traditional methods, such as cadaveric dissection and didacticism are being increasingly phased out in undergraduate courses for multimodal approaches incorporating problem-based learning, radiology and computer-based simulations. Although effective at clinically contextualizing and integrating anatomical information, these approaches may be a poor substitute for fostering a grasp of foundational 'pure' anatomy. Dissection is ideal for this purpose and hence remains the cornerstone of anatomical education...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922135/learning-from-short-text-streams-with-topic-drifts
#10
Peipei Li, Lu He, Haiyan Wang, Xuegang Hu, Yuhong Zhang, Lei Li, Xindong Wu
Short text streams such as search snippets and micro blogs have been popular on the Web with the emergence of social media. Unlike traditional normal text streams, these data present the characteristics of short length, weak signal, high volume, high velocity, topic drift, etc. Short text stream classification is hence a very challenging and significant task. However, this challenge has received little attention from the research community. Therefore, a new feature extension approach is proposed for short text stream classification with the help of a large-scale semantic network obtained from a Web corpus...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922123/a-data-driven-approach-for-furniture-and-indoor-scene-colorization
#11
Jie Zhu, Yanwen Guo, Han Ma
We present a data-driven approach that colorizes 3D furniture models and indoor scenes by leveraging indoor images on the internet. Our approach is able to colorize the furniture automatically according to an example image. The core is to learn image-guided mesh segmentation to segment the model into different parts according to the imaged object. Given an indoor scene, the system supports colorization-by-example, and has the ability to recommend the colorization scheme that is consistent with a user-desired color theme...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922024/the-implementation-of-multiple-interprofessional-integrated-modules-by-health-sciences-faculty-in-chile
#12
Silvana Castillo-Parra, Sandra Oyarzo Torres, Mónica Espinoza Barrios, Ana María Rojas-Serey, Juan Diego Maya, Valeria Sabaj Diez, Verónica Aliaga Castillo, Manuel Castillo Niño, Luis Romero Romero, Jennifer Foster, Gustavo Hawes Barrios
Multiple interprofessional integrated modules (MIIM) 1 and 2 are two required, cross-curricular courses developed by a team of health professions faculty, as well as experts in education, within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile. MIIM 1 focused on virtual cases requiring team decision-making in real time. MIIM 2 focused on a team-based community project. The evaluation of MIIM included student, teacher, and coordinator perspectives. To explore the perceptions of this interprofessional experience quantitative data in the form of standardised course evaluations regarding teaching methodology, interpersonal relations and the course organisation and logistics were gathered...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921599/the-stories-we-tell-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-ethical-challenges-in-community-psychology-research-and-practice
#13
Rebecca Campbell, Michael Morris
This Special Issue examines ethical challenges in community psychology research and practice. The literature on ethics in community psychology has remained largely abstract and aspirational, with few concrete examples and case studies, so the goal of this Special Issue was to expand our written discourse about ethical dilemmas in our field. In these articles, researchers and practitioners share stories of specific ethical challenges they faced and how they sought to resolve them. These first-person narratives examine how ethical challenges come about, how community psychology values inform ethical decision making, and how lessons learned from these experiences can inform an ethical framework for community psychology...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921584/we-didn-t-say-that-challenges-in-the-public-dissemination-of-a-research-finding-with-controversial-implications
#14
Zachary P Neal, Jennifer Watling Neal
In the March 2014 issue of American Journal of Community Psychology, we published an article that examined the tension between two core values in the field of community psychology: promoting contextual conditions that foster respect for diversity and promoting contextual conditions that foster sense of community. We concluded that processes of social network formation could help explain why diversity and sense of community are seemingly incompatible goals. The study's findings initially disseminated through the usual academic channels, and later through mainstream media outlets...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920505/learning-to-use-a-rear-mounted-power-assist-for-manual-wheelchairs
#15
Bonita Sawatzky, W Ben Mortenson, Stephanie Wong
OBJECTIVES: 1) To investigate how much training manual wheelchair users perceive is required to learn to use a rear-mounted power assist safely and confidently. 2) To evaluate how the power assist affected wheelchair users' ability to negotiate a standardized obstacle course, wheelchair skills capacity and wheelchair mobility confidence. METHOD: This study used a pre- versus post-test intervention design. Outcome measures included a standardized obstacle course, and modified versions of the Wheelchair Skills Test 4...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918322/time-for-tiger-to-roar-technology-informatics-guiding-education-reform
#16
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor, Ursula Hubner, Toria Shaw, Rachelle Blake, Marion Ball
Information Technology (IT) continues to evolve and develop with electronic devices and systems becoming integral to healthcare in every country. This has led to an urgent need for all professions working in healthcare to be knowledgeable and skilled in informatics. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative was established in 2006 in the United States to develop key areas of informatics in nursing. One of these was to integrate informatics competencies into nursing curricula and life-long learning...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915988/learning-to-be-gendered-gender-socialization-in-early-adolescence-among-urban-poor-in-delhi-india-and-shanghai-china
#17
Sharmistha Basu, Xiayun Zuo, Chaohua Lou, Rajib Acharya, Rebecka Lundgren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to understand the gender socialization process in early adolescence. METHODS: The study was located in two disadvantaged urban communities in Delhi, India and Shanghai, China and was part of the multicountry (15) Global Early Adolescent Study. Qualitative methodologies were used with boys and girls aged 11-13 years, including 16 group-based timeline exercises and 65 narrative interviews. In addition, 58 parents of participating adolescents were interviewed...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914099/integrating-social-class-and-privilege-in-the-community-medicine-curriculum
#18
Christopher Haymaker, Amber Cadick, Allison Seavey
Social class and privilege are hidden variables that impact the physician-patient relationship and health outcomes. This article presents a sample of activities from three programs utilized in the community health curriculum to teach resident physicians about patients within context, including how social class and privilege impact physician-patient relationships and patient health. These activities address resident physicians' resistance to discussion of privilege, social class, and race by emphasizing direct experience and active learning rather than traditional didactic sessions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910243/fluoride-exposure-and-reported-learning-disability-diagnosis-among-canadian-children-implications-for-community-water-fluoridation
#19
Amanda M Barberio, Carlos Quiñonez, F Shaun Hosein, Lindsay McLaren
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have connected increased fluoride exposure with increased risk of neurodevelopmental-related outcomes, such as ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and lower IQ in children. Our primary objective was to examine the association between fluoride exposure and reported diagnosis of a learning disability among a population-based sample of Canadian children aged 3-12 years. METHODS: We analyzed data from Cycles 2 and 3 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902477/food-marketing-to-children-in-canada-a-settings-based-scoping-review-on-exposure-power-and-impact
#20
Rachel Prowse
INTRODUCTION: Food marketing impacts children's food knowledge, behaviours and health. Current regulations in Canada focus on restricting promotional aspects of food marketing with little-to-no consideration of the places where children experience food. Understanding food marketing in children's everyday settings is necessary to protect children. This scoping review describes the current literature on food marketing to children in Canada by setting. METHODS: The author searched databases for Canadian research on children's exposure to food marketing, and the power and impact of food marketing to children (2-17 years) across settings, and on how current regulations may mediate the effect of food marketing on children...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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