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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#1
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231286/lexicon-enhanced-sentiment-analysis-framework-using-rule-based-classification-scheme
#2
Muhammad Zubair Asghar, Aurangzeb Khan, Shakeel Ahmad, Maria Qasim, Imran Ali Khan
With the rapid increase in social networks and blogs, the social media services are increasingly being used by online communities to share their views and experiences about a particular product, policy and event. Due to economic importance of these reviews, there is growing trend of writing user reviews to promote a product. Nowadays, users prefer online blogs and review sites to purchase products. Therefore, user reviews are considered as an important source of information in Sentiment Analysis (SA) applications for decision making...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230161/robust-high-dimensional-bioinformatics-data-streams-mining-by-odr-iovfdt
#3
Dantong Wang, Simon Fong, Raymond K Wong, Sabah Mohammed, Jinan Fiaidhi, Kelvin K L Wong
Outlier detection in bioinformatics data streaming mining has received significant attention by research communities in recent years. The problems of how to distinguish noise from an exception and deciding whether to discard it or to devise an extra decision path for accommodating it are causing dilemma. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm called ODR with incrementally Optimized Very Fast Decision Tree (ODR-ioVFDT) for taking care of outliers in the progress of continuous data learning. By using an adaptive interquartile-range based identification method, a tolerance threshold is set...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229478/students-experiences-of-role-relationships-and-learning-in-two-clerkship-models
#4
D Jill Konkin, Carol Suddards
CONTEXT: An increasing number of medical schools around the world are implementing longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). The University of Alberta's third-year LIC admits a small group of each class. Those not in the LIC undertake a rotation-based clerkship (RBC). All students have a fourth-year RBC. Meaningful participation in patient care and guidance have been identified as affordances for work-based learning. METHODS: This qualitative study is part of an ongoing research programme conducted in a hermeneutic phenomenological frame...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229247/achieving-population-level-change-through-a-system-contextual-approach-to-supporting-competent-parenting
#5
REVIEW
Matthew R Sanders, Kylie Burke, Ronald J Prinz, Alina Morawska
The quality of parenting children receive affects a diverse range of child and youth outcomes. Addressing the quality of parenting on a broad scale is a critical part of producing a more nurturing society. To achieve a meaningful population-level reduction in the prevalence rates of child maltreatment and social and emotional problems that are directly or indirectly influenced by parenting practices requires the adoption of a broad ecological perspective in supporting families to raise children. We make the case for adopting a multilevel, whole of population approach to enhance competent parenting and describe the essential tasks that must be accomplished for the approach to be successful and its effects measurable...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227553/transfer-learning-with-large-scale-data-in-brain-computer-interfaces
#6
Chun-Shu Wei, Yuan-Pin Lin, Yu-Te Wang, Chin-Teng Lin, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Chun-Shu Wei, Yuan-Pin Lin, Yu-Te Wang, Chin-Teng Lin, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Yuan-Pin Lin, Yu-Te Wang, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Chin-Teng Lin, Chun-Shu Wei
Human variability in electroencephalogram (EEG) poses significant challenges for developing practical real-world applications of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). The intuitive solution of collecting sufficient user-specific training/calibration data can be very labor-intensive and time-consuming, hindering the practicability of BCIs. To address this problem, transfer learning (TL), which leverages existing data from other sessions or subjects, has recently been adopted by the BCI community to build a BCI for a new user with limited calibration data...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227151/a-community-based-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-engineering-course
#7
Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy
A novel, community-based course was created through collaboration between the School of Engineering and the Physical Therapy program at the University of North Florida. This course offers a hands-on, interdisciplinary training experience for undergraduate engineering students through team-based design projects where engineering students are partnered with physical therapy students. Students learn the process of design, fabrication and testing of low-tech and high-tech rehabilitation technology for children with disabilities, and are exposed to a clinical experience under the guidance of licensed therapists...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227053/the-effects-of-deep-network-topology-on-mortality-prediction
#8
Hao Du, Mohammad M Ghassemi, Mengling Feng, Hao Du, Mohammad M Ghassemi, Mengling Feng, Mengling Feng, Hao Du, Mohammad M Ghassemi
Deep learning has achieved remarkable results in the areas of computer vision, speech recognition, natural language processing and most recently, even playing Go. The application of deep-learning to problems in healthcare, however, has gained attention only in recent years, and it's ultimate place at the bedside remains a topic of skeptical discussion. While there is a growing academic interest in the application of Machine Learning (ML) techniques to clinical problems, many in the clinical community see little incentive to upgrade from simpler methods, such as logistic regression, to deep learning...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226945/transferring-knowledge-during-dyadic-interaction-the-role-of-the-expert-in-the-learning-process
#9
Edwin Johnatan Avila Mireles, Dalia De Santis, Pietro Morasso, Jacopo Zenzeri, Edwin Johnatan Avila Mireles, Dalia De Santis, Pietro Morasso, Jacopo Zenzeri, Jacopo Zenzeri, Pietro Morasso, Edwin Johnatan Avila Mireles, Dalia De Santis
Physical interaction between man and machines is increasing the interest of the research as well as the industrial community. It is known that physical coupling between active persons can be beneficial and increase the performance of the dyad compared to an individual. However, the factors that may result in performance benefits are still poorly understood. The aim of this work is to investigate how the different initial skill levels of the interacting partners influence the learning of a stabilization task...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226393/supporting-self-management-by-community-matrons-through-a-group-intervention-an-action-research-study
#10
Abigail M Barkham, Steven J Ersser
The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and impact of a group intervention by Community Matrons to support those living with multiple long-terms conditions. Little evidence exists as to how the role of the Community Matron (CM) should be delivered to effectively enhance disease self-management and levels of self-efficacy for the service users. This qualitative participatory action research study explored the use of group work as a method of intervention by CMs. A purposive sample of 29 participants was recruited...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225796/what-can-we-learn-about-beat-perception-by-comparing-brain-signals-and-stimulus-envelopes
#11
Molly J Henry, Björn Herrmann, Jessica A Grahn
Entrainment of neural oscillations on multiple time scales is important for the perception of speech. Musical rhythms, and in particular the perception of a regular beat in musical rhythms, is also likely to rely on entrainment of neural oscillations. One recently proposed approach to studying beat perception in the context of neural entrainment and resonance (the "frequency-tagging" approach) has received an enthusiastic response from the scientific community. A specific version of the approach involves comparing frequency-domain representations of acoustic rhythm stimuli to the frequency-domain representations of neural responses to those rhythms (measured by electroencephalography, EEG)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225705/virtual-mentoring-program-within-an-online-doctoral-nursing-education-program-a-phenomenological-study
#12
Susan Welch
The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of doctoral nursing education students who participated in a virtual mentoring program. A phenomenological design was used to enable the researchers to gain an understanding of the research phenomenon. The three patterns that emerged during the study were Confirmation of Mentoring, Building Communities, and Learning the Role of Doctoral Student. Under the pattern of Confirmation of Mentoring were the themes of Receiving Academic Support and Receiving Personal Support...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225543/cuba-s-aging-and-alzheimer-longitudinal-study
#13
Juan de Jesús Llibre-Rodríguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel
Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222847/relying-on-the-national-mobile-disaster-hospital-as-a-business-continuity-strategy-in-the-aftermath-of-a-tornado-the-louisville-experience
#14
Randy D Kearns, Lew Stringer, James Craig, Regina Godette-Crawford, Paul S Black, David L Andra, James Winslow
On 28th April, 2014, a tornado left much of Louisville, MS and the local hospital, Winston Medical Center, in ruin. In the USA, temporary hospital solutions have been used to augment the mainstream healthcare system since the American Civil War. As memories fade, however, the necessary readiness for a temporary hospital also fades, at times leaving a patchwork of resources either underfunded or abandoned. With the creation of the Hospital Preparedness Program, several temporary hospital solutions were created in various states across the USA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222542/ecologically-relevant-outcome-measure-for-post-inpatient-rehabilitation
#15
Carlos Marquez de la Plata, Devin Qualls, Patrick Plenger, James F Malec, Mary Ellen Hayden
BACKGROUND: Transfer of skills learned within the clinic environment to patients' home or community is important in post-inpatient brain injury rehabilitation (PBIR). Outcome measures used in PBIR assess level of independence during functional tasks; however, available functional instruments do not quantitate the environment in which the behaviors occur. OBJECTIVE: To examine the reliability and validity of an instrument used to assess patients' functional abilities while quantifying the amount of structure and distractions in the environment...
January 31, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220721/increasing-community-research-capacity-to-address-health-disparities
#16
Goldie Komaie, Christine C Ekenga, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Melody S Goodman
The Community Research Fellows Training program is designed to enhance capacity for community-based participatory research; program participants completed a 15-week, Master of Public Health curriculum. We conducted qualitative, semistructured interviews with 81 participants from two cohorts to evaluate the learning environment and how the program improved participants' knowledge of public health research. Key areas that provided a conducive learning environment included the once-a-week schedule, faculty and participant diversity, and community-focused homework assignments...
February 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220625/predicting-gene-expression-in-massively-parallel-reporter-assays-a-comparative-study
#17
Anat Kreimer, Haoyang Zeng, Matthew D Edwards, Yuchun Guo, Kevin Tian, Sunyoung Shin, Rene Welch, Michael Wainberg, Rahul Mohan, Nicholas A Sinnott-Armstrong, Yue Li, Gökcen Eraslan, Talal Bin Amin, Jonathan Goke, Nikola S Mueller, Manolis Kellis, Anshul Kundaje, Michael A Beer, Sunduz Keles, David K Gifford, Nir Yosef
In many human diseases, associated genetic changes tend to occur within non-coding regions, whose effect might be related to transcriptional control. A central goal in human genetics is to understand the function of such non-coding regions: Given a region that is statistically associated with changes in gene expression (expression Quantitative Trait Locus; eQTL), does it in fact play a regulatory role? And if so, how is this role "coded" in its sequence? These questions were the subject of the Critical Assessment of Genome Interpretation eQTL challenge...
February 21, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217594/effectiveness-of-yoga-program-in-the-management-of-diabetes-using-community-health-workers-in-the-urban-slums-of-bangalore-city-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Hemavathi Dasappa, Farah Naaz Fathima, Rugmani Prabhakar
TRIAL DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. METHODS: Nonrandomized controlled trial. This was an interventional study that was conducted in 4 slums of Bengaluru. Of the 256 diabetes participants, only 109 people agreed to participate in the program. Of 109 people, 52 people agreed to participate in the intervention (agreed to learn and practice Yoga) while the remaining 57 people were assigned to nonintervention group. Randomization and blinding could not be done...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217305/redesigning-care-delivery-with-patient-support-personnel-learning-from-accountable-care-organizations
#19
Ksenia O Gorbenko, Taressa Fraze, Valerie A Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Accountable care organizations (ACOs) are a value-based payment model in the United States rooted in holding groups of healthcare providers financially accountable for the quality and total cost of care of their attributed population. To succeed in reaching their quality and efficiency goals, ACOs implement a variety of care delivery changes, including workforce redesign. Patient support personnel (PSP)-non-physician staff such as care coordinators, community health workers, and others-are critical to restructuring care delivery...
September 2016: Int J Care Coord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215377/healthy-empowered-youth-a-positive-youth-development-program-for-native-youth
#20
Stephanie N Craig Rushing, Nichole L Hildebrandt, Carol J Grimes, Amanda J Rowsell, Benjamin C Christensen, William E Lambert
INTRODUCTION: During 2010-2012, Oregon Health & Science University's Prevention Research Center, a Northwest Tribe, and the Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, collaborated to evaluate the Healthy & Empowered Youth Project, a school- and community-based positive youth development program for American Indian and Alaska Native high school students. METHODS: The Native STAND (Students Together Against Negative Decisions) curriculum was enhanced with hands-on learning activities in media design to engage students in sexual and reproductive health topics covered by the curriculum...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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