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Infrared laser

Jurriaan Brekelmans, Alexandra Goz, Mor M Dickman, Alexander Brandis, Xiaomeng Sui, H Daniel Wagner, Rudy M M A Nuijts, Avigdor Scherz, Arie L Marcovich
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of variation of the exposure time of near-infrared irradiation on corneal stiffening after a bacteriochlorophyll derivative (WST11) with dextran (WST-D) application. METHODS: One hundred four paired eyes of 3-month-old New Zealand White rabbits were included in this study. Fifty-two eyes (ex vivo n = 34, in vivo n = 18) were mechanically deepithelialized, treated topically with WST-D, and irradiated at 10 mW/cm using a diode laser at 755 nm for 1, 5, or 30 minutes...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
Vezio Bianchi, Tian Carey, Leonardo Viti, Lianhe Li, Edmund H Linfield, A Giles Davies, Alessandro Tredicucci, Duhee Yoon, Panagiotis G Karagiannidis, Lucia Lombardi, Flavia Tomarchio, Andrea C Ferrari, Felice Torrisi, Miriam S Vitiello
Saturable absorbers (SA) operating at terahertz (THz) frequencies can open new frontiers in the development of passively mode-locked THz micro-sources. Here we report the fabrication of THz SAs by transfer coating and inkjet printing single and few-layer graphene films prepared by liquid phase exfoliation of graphite. Open-aperture z-scan measurements with a 3.5 THz quantum cascade laser show a transparency modulation ∼80%, almost one order of magnitude larger than that reported to date at THz frequencies...
June 15, 2017: Nature Communications
Shuhua Li, Shixin Zhou, Yunchao Li, Xiaohong Li, Jia Zhu, Louzhen Fan, Shihe Yang
IR780 iodide (IR780) is recognized as an effective theranostic agent for simultaneous near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT). However, the rigid chloro-cyclohexenyl ring makes IR780 insoluble in almost all pharmaceutically acceptable solvents, which inevitably limits its clinical application. We report folic acid (FA)-functionalized graphene quantum dots (GQDs-FA) containing a large and intact sp2-domain with carboxyl groups around the edge. Such GQDs-FA possess exceptionally high loading capacity for IR780 via strong π-π stacking interactions, and the water solubility of IR780 is improved by over 2400-fold after loading onto GQDs-FA (IR780/GQDs-FA)...
June 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lili Feng, Dan Yang, Fei He, Shili Gai, Chunxia Li, Yunlu Dai, Piaoping Yang
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in the specific tumor site plays the key role in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Herein, a multifunctional nanoplatform is designed by absorbing ultrasmall upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) on mesoporous graphitic-phase carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ) coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanospheres, then further modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG)molecules (abbreviated as Fe3 O4 @g-C3 N4 -UCNPs-PEG). The inert g-C3 N4 layer between Fe3 O4 core and outer UCNPs can substantially depress the quenching effect of Fe3 O4 on the upconversion emission...
June 23, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Manukumara Manjappa, Yogesh Kumar Srivastava, Ankur Solanki, Abhishek Kumar, Tze Chien Sum, Ranjan Singh
The recent meteoric rise in the field of photovoltaics with the discovery of highly efficient solar-cell devices is inspired by solution-processed organic-inorganic lead halide perovskites that exhibit unprecedented light-to-electricity conversion efficiencies. The stunning performance of perovskites is attributed to their strong photoresponsive properties that are thoroughly utilized in designing excellent perovskite solar cells, light-emitting diodes, infrared lasers, and ultrafast photodetectors. However, optoelectronic application of halide perovskites in realizing highly efficient subwavelength photonic devices has remained a challenge...
June 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
Qiuqun Chen, Hui Song, Fangteng Zhang, Hang Zhang, Yongze Yu, Zhi Chen, Rongfei Wei, Ye Dai, Jianrong Qiu
Directly controlling the growth process of clusters and nanoparticles is an effective way to tune their specific properties, which has been considered as a significant issue lying at the heart of nanotechnology. For technological applications, great strides have been made in the assembly of clusters and nanoparticles. However, controllable synthesis of clusters and nanoparticles inside a bulk solid-state medium remains a tremendous challenge, which is important for integrated devices. Here we report a strategy for space-selective control of elemental tellurium (Te) precipitation as clusters or nanoparticles in glass by femtosecond (fs) laser irradiation...
June 22, 2017: Nanoscale
Pierre Asselin, Alexey Potapov, Andrew C Turner, Vincent Boudon, Laurent Bruel, Marc-André Gaveau, Michel Mons
Taking advantage of a versatile set-up, combining pulsed pin hole or slit nozzle supersonic expansion with an external cavity quantum cascade laser, the rovibrational absorption spectrum of the SF6 dimer in the ν3 mode region has been revisited at high resolution under various experimental conditions in SF6:He mixtures. Two new rotationally resolved spectral bands have been identified in the range of the parallel band of the dimer spectrum in addition to that previously reported. Among these three spectral features, two of them are assigned to conformations of the dimer (noted #1 and #2), clearly distinguished from their different S-S interatomic distances, i...
June 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Woon Yong Sohn, Sana Habka, Eric Gloaguen, Michel Mons
The presence in crystallized proteins of a local anchoring between the side chain of a His residue, located in the central position of a γ- or β-turn, and its local main chain environment, was assessed by the comparison of protein structures with relevant isolated model peptides. Gas phase laser spectroscopy, combined with relevant quantum chemistry methods, was used to characterize the γ- and β-turn structures in these model peptides. A conformer-selective NH stretch infrared study provided evidence for the formation in vacuo of two types of short-range H-bonded motifs, labelled ε-6(δ) and δ-(δ)7/π(H), bridging the His side chain (in its gauche+ rotamer) to the neighbouring NH(i) and CO(i) sites of the backbone; each side chain-backbone motif was found to be specific of the tautomer (ε or δ) adopted by the His side chain in its neutral form...
June 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ashana Puri, Kevin S Murnane, Bruce E Blough, Ajay K Banga
The present study investigated the passive transdermal delivery of 3-fluoroamphetamine hydrochloride (PAL-353) and evaluated the effects of chemical and physical enhancement techniques on its permeation through human skin. In vitro drug permeation studies through dermatomed human skin were performed using Franz diffusion cells. Passive permeation of PAL-353 from propylene glycol and phosphate buffered saline as vehicles was studied. Effect of oleic acid, maltose microneedles, ablative laser, and anodal iontophoresis on its transdermal permeation was investigated...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Maximilian Pfau, Lukas Goerdt, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg, Matthias M Mauschitz, Divyansh K Mishra, Frank G Holz, Moritz Lindner, Monika Fleckenstein
Purpose: To compare the intermodality and interreader agreement for geographic atrophy (GA) lesion size quantification in green-light fundus autofluorescence (GAF; excitation = 518 nm) versus combined blue-light fundus autofluorescence (BAF; excitation = 488 nm) and near-infrared reflectance (NIR; 820 nm) -based grading. Methods: Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) GAF, BAF, and NIR images of 40 eyes from 29 patients (mean age 79.7 years) with GA secondary to AMD were recorded according to a standardized protocol...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Benjamin Eagle, David J Williams, John Dingley
BACKGROUND: An ideal electronic anesthesia recording system would be capable of not only recording physiological data but also injectable drug doses given, including those given incrementally from one syringe, without recourse to manual data entry. We compared 2 prototype devices which wirelessly recognized individual syringes and measured changes in their plunger positions via 2 different optical noncontact means, allowing calculation of incremental drug doses given. METHODS: Both devices incorporated a radio-frequency identification reader, which wirelessly read a unique code from a radio-frequency identification tag within syringe drug labels...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yanna Yu, Zhipeng Zhang, Yun Wang, Hao Zhu, Fangzhou Li, Yuanyuan Shen, Shengrong Guo
It is a great challenge to combat multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer effectively. To address this issue, we developed a new near-infrared (NIR) triggered chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (DOX) and photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) co-release system by aid of NIR induced photothermal effect of gold nanocages (AuNCs) and temperature sensitive phase-change property of 1-tetradecanol at its melting point of 39°C, which could simultaneously exerted chemo/photothermal/photodynamic treatment on MDR human breast cancer MCF-7/ADR cells...
June 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Hongbin Chen, Bin Zheng, Chao Liang, Li Zhao, Ying Zhang, Huizhuo Pan, Wanying Ji, Xiaoqun Gong, Hanjie Wang, Jin Chang
The photothermal therapy agents induced by 808 nm near infrared light laser have good potential for photothermal therapy (PTT) in vivo, with the advantages of harmless treatment, minimally invasion, high efficiency and deep tissue penetration. For the traditional photothermal therapy agents, however, it was impossible to track them in vivo because of the low signal-to-noise ratio, so we cannot conduct the extra near infrared light laser to radiate tumors sites accurately. Herein, we introduce a new complex: indocyanine green (ICG), near-infrared persistent luminescence (PL) phosphors ZnGa2O4:Cr(3+) (ZGC) and mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) (ICG@mZGC nanoparticles) were assembled for long-lasting optical imaging to guide PTT...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Michael John Pilling, Alex Henderson, Peter Gardner
Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) microscopy, coupled with machine learning approaches, has been demonstrated to be a powerful technique for identifying abnormalities in human tissue. The ability to objectively identify the pre-diseased state, and diagnose cancer with high levels of accuracy, has the potential to revolutionise current histopathological practice. Despite recent technological advances in FT-IR microscopy, sample throughput and speed of acquisition are key barriers to clinical translation. Wide-field quantum cascade laser (QCL) infrared imaging systems with large focal plane array detectors and utilising discrete frequency imaging, have demonstrated that large tissue microarrays (TMA) can be imaged in a matter of minutes...
June 19, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Stefany Y Holguin, Caleb F Anderson, Naresh N Thadhani, Mark R Prausnitz
Exposure of cells and nanoparticles to near-infrared nanosecond pulsed laser light can lead to efficient intracellular delivery of molecules while maintaining high cell viability by a photoacoustic phenomenon known as transient nanoparticle energy transduction (TNET). Here, we examined the influence of cytoskeletal mechanics and plasma membrane fluidity on intracellular uptake of molecules and loss of cell viability due to TNET. We found that destabilization of actin filaments using latrunculin A led to greater uptake of molecules and less viability loss caused by TNET...
June 19, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Hongguang Li, Rongfeng Lan, Chi-Fai Chan, Guochen Bao, Chen Xie, Pak-Ho Chu, William C S Tai, Shuai Zha, Jing-Xiang Zhang, Ka-Leung Wong
We report a direct imaging tool, HGEu001, for primary cilia in living cells, which is specific, and based on the UV light or near infrared laser (via two-photon excitation) induced long-lived europium luminescence.
June 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Musleh Uddin Munshi, Giel Berden, Jonathan Martens, Jos Oomens
The effect of ionization by oxidation and protonation on the structure and IR spectrum of isolated, gas-phase triphenylamine (TPA) has been investigated by infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy in the fingerprint range from 600 cm(-1) to 1800 cm(-1) using an infrared free electron laser. IR spectra calculated using density functional theory (DFT) convincingly reproduce the experimental data. Spectral and structural differences are identified among neutral TPA, TPA˙(+) and protonated TPA and qualitatively related to effects of resonance delocalization...
June 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Lina Zheng, Pramod Kulkarni, Konstantinos Zavvos, Huayan Liang, M Eileen Birch, Dionysios D Dionysiou
Efficient microconcentration of aerosols to a substrate is essential for effectively coupling the collected particles to microscale optical spectroscopies such as laser-induced or spark microplasma, or micro-Raman or infrared spectroscopies. In this study, we present detailed characterization of a corona-based aerosol microconcentration technique developed previously (Diwakar and Kulkarni, 2012). The method involves two coaxial electrodes separated by a few millimeters, one held at a high electrical potential and the other grounded...
February 2017: Journal of Aerosol Science
Hui Liu, Kai Wang, Cangjie Yang, Shuo Huang, Mingfeng Wang
Polymeric micelles loaded with multiple therapeutic modalities are important to overcome challenges such as drug resistance and improve the therapeutic efficacy. Here we report a new polymer micellar drug carrier that integrates chemotherapy and photothermal therapy in a single platform. Specifically, a narrow bandgap poly(dithienyl-diketopyrrolopyrrole) (PDPP) polymer was encapsulated together with a model anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) in the hydrophobic cores of polymeric micelles formed by Pluronic F127, an amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer...
June 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
D M Villeneuve, Paul Hockett, M J J Vrakking, Hiromichi Niikura
Electrons detached from atoms or molecules by photoionization carry information about the quantum state from which they originate, as well as the continuum states into which they are released. Generally, the photoelectron momentum distribution is composed of a coherent sum of angular momentum components, each with an amplitude and phase. Here we show, by using photoionization of neon, that a train of attosecond pulses synchronized with an infrared laser field can be used to disentangle these angular momentum components...
June 16, 2017: Science
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