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Infrared laser

Reza Fekrazad, Arash Sarrafzadeh, Katayoun Am Kalhori, Imran Khan, Praveen R Arany, Alessio Giubellino
Diabetic wounds are a major cause of morbidity among patients with poorly controlled blood glucose levels. Conventional empirical wound care strategies have shown limited efficacy and there is an urgent need to develop novel therapeutic strategies. Photobiomodulation treatments have shown a positive therapeutic effects in several cell culture and animal models. In this study, we examined wound healing in diabetic rats following treatments with two laser wavelengths, namely red (660nm) and infrared (808nm) individually and in combination as compared to routine wound dressings...
February 19, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Yuyan Jiang, Jingchao Li, Xu Zhen, Chen Xie, Kanyi Pu
Near-infrared (NIR) light is widely used for noninvasive optical diagnosis and phototherapy. However, current research focuses on the first NIR window (NIR-I, 650-950 nm), while the second NIR window (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) is far less exploited. The development of the first organic photothermal nanoagent (SPNI-II ) with dual-peak absorption in both NIR windows and its utilization in photothermal therapy (PTT) are reported herein. Such a nanoagent comprises a semiconducting copolymer with two distinct segments that respectively and identically absorb NIR light at 808 and 1064 nm...
February 19, 2018: Advanced Materials
Rong Tang, Jie Hao, Ruijie Zong, Fangxia Wu, Yangyang Zeng, Zhenqing Zhang
In this study, the TEMPO-mediated (TEMPO/NaBr/NaClO) oxidation pattern of curdlan was investigated through comprehensively structural analysis of the corresponding oxidized products. During the structural analysis, infrared spectroscopy (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography tandem multiple angle laser scattering (GPC-MALS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q/TOF-MS) were applied. As a result, the homogenous β1-3 polyglucuronic acids (MW, 49...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Måns Ekelöf, Jeffrey Manni, Milad Nazari, Mark Bokhart, David C Muddiman
Laser systems are widely used in mass spectrometry as sample probes and ionization sources. Mid-infrared lasers are particularly suitable for analysis of high water content samples such as animal and plant tissues, using water as a resonantly excited sacrificial matrix. Commercially available mid-IR lasers have historically been bulky and expensive due to cooling requirements. This work presents a novel air-cooled miniature mid-IR laser with adjustable burst-mode output and details an evaluation of its performance for mass spectrometry imaging...
February 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Wei Liu, Xinshi Li, Wentao Li, Qiqi Zhang, Hua Bai, Junfang Li, Guangcheng Xi
Photothermal therapy (PTT) is one of promising cancer therapy with high efficiency and minimal invasiveness. Exploiting of perfect PTT agent is vital to improve the therapy. In this study, a new type of bow tie-like molybdenum dioxide (MoO2 ) nanoparticles was successfully synthesized. These nanobow-ties had strong localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect from visible to near infrared regions, and exhibited ultrahigh chemical stability. They could not only withstand high temperature heating without oxidation, but also resist the corrosion of strong acid and alkali...
February 8, 2018: Biomaterials
Yasuhiro Maruoka, Tadanobu Nagaya, Kazuhide Sato, Fusa Ogata, Shuhei Okuyama, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a new target-cell specific cancer treatment that induces highly selective necrotic/immunogenic cell death after systemic administration of a photo-absorber antibody conjugate and subsequent NIR light exposure. However, the depth of NIR light penetration in tissue (approximately 2 centimeters) with external light sources, limits the therapeutic effects of NIR-PIT. Interstitial light exposure using cylindrical diffusing optical fibers can overcome this limitation...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Reju George Thomas, Myeong Ju Moon, Suchithra Poilil Surendran, Hyeong Ju Park, In-Kyu Park, Byeong-Il Lee, Yong Yeon Jeong
PURPOSE: Paclitaxel (PTX) loaded hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan (HGC) micelle is biocompatible in nature, but it requires cancer targeting ability and stimuli release property for better efficiency. To improve tumor retention and drug release characteristic of HGC-PTX nanomicelles, we conjugated cancer targeting heptamethine dye, MHI-148, which acts as an optical imaging agent, targeting moiety and also trigger on-demand drug release on application of NIR 808 nm laser. PROCEDURES: The amine group of glycol chitosan modified with hydrophobic 5β-cholanic acid and the carboxyl group of MHI-148 were bonded by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide chemistry...
February 15, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Danielle De Lima Rodrigues, Agnelo Neves Alves, Beatriz Ribeiro Guimarães, Weslley Wallace de Alcântara Araujo Amorim, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of LLLT prior to muscle injury with and without post-injury irradiation on the expression of isoforms of myosin heavy chain (MyHC), calcineurin (CaN), and myostatin during the repair process. Wistar rats were divided into five groups: control (n = 7); injury (n = 21); LLLT + injury (n = 21); injury + LLLT (n = 21), and LLLT + injury + LLLT (n = 21). Cryoinjury was performed on the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. The injured groups were euthanized at 3, 7, and 14 days after injury...
February 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Young-Sun Jeon, Tae-Un Kim, Seon-Hoon Kim, Young-Hwan Lee, Pil-Son Choi, Kyu-Seog Hwang
Up-conversion phosphors have attracted considerable attention because of their applications in solid-state lasers, optical communications, flat-panel displays, photovoltaic cells, and biological labels. Among them, NaYF4 is reported as one of the most efficient hosts for infrared to visible photon up-conversion of Yb3+ and Er3+ ions. However, a low-temperature method is required for industrial scale fabrication of photonic and optoelectronic devices on flexible organic substrates. In this study, hexagonal β-NaYF4: 3 mol% Yb3+, 3 mol% Er3+ up-conversion phosphor using Ca2+ was prepared by chemical solution method...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Sang Su Shin, Deok Hwa Kang, Dae Il Kim, In Gook Choi, Min Hyeok Seong, SoungSoo Yi
Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped LaVO4 phosphors were synthesized by the facile solid state reaction method. Er3+ ions concentrations were changed from 0.01 to 0.2 mol for the fixed Yb3+ ions concentration at 0.15 mol. The crystalline structures of the phosphors were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The composition of the phosphors were investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. The photoluminescence emissions based on the blue emission near 466 nm and green emission near 553 nm were observed and the highest emission intensity occurred for the sample LaVO4:Yb0...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Hongmiao Tian, Zhijian Wang, Yilong Chen, Jinyou Shao, Tong Gao, Shengqiang Cai
Optically-driven active materials have received much attention because their deformation and motion can be controlled remotely, instantly and precisely in a contactless way. In this article, we investigated an optically-actuated elastomer with rapid response: polydopamine (PDA)-coated liquid crystal elastomer (LCE). Due to the photothermal effect of PDA coating and thermal responsiveness of LCE, the elastomer film contracted significantly with near infrared (NIR) irradiation. With a fixed strain, light-induced actuating stress in the film could be as large as 1...
February 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
A Curcio, V Dolci, S Lupi, M Petrarca
Terahertz (THz) radiation is of great interest for a variety of applications, e.g., particle accelerations, spectroscopy investigations of quantum systems, and high-field study of materials. One of the most common laser-based processes to produce THz pulses is optical rectification, which transduces an infrared pump laser to the THz domain (0.1-20 THz). In this work, we propose and theoretically describe a method to characterize the amplitude and phase of the electric field of the pump laser pulse relying on THz generation and detection...
February 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Xiangduo Kong, Gladys M S Cruz, Bárbara A Silva, Nicole M Wakida, Nima Khatibzadeh, Michael W Berns, Kyoko Yokomori
DNA damage induces specific signaling and repair responses in the cell, which is critical for protection of genome integrity. Laser microirradiation became a valuable experimental tool to investigate the DNA damage response (DDR) in vivo. It allows real-time high-resolution single-cell analysis of macromolecular dynamics in response to laser-induced damage confined to a submicrometer region in the cell nucleus. However, various laser conditions have been used without appreciation of differences in the types of damage induced...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
M A Gondal, T A Fasasi, Umair Baig, A Mekki
In this work, pulsed laser ablation in liquid (PLAL) technique was applied to synthesize colloidal nanoparticles of zirconium oxide (ZrO2) in three different aqueous media (de-ionized water, ethanol and acetone). The structure, morphology, composition and optical properties of the synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS, UV-Vis spectrophotometer and FT-IR analysis respectively. The structural analysis by XRD reveals the formation of mixture of monoclinic and tetragonal phases of nanocrystalline zirconia...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
W Norsyuhada, W M Shukri, Noriah Bidin, Shumaila Islam, Ganesan Krishnan
Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles are physically synthesized using rapid, simple and efficient Q-switched Nd:YAG pulsed laser ablation in liquid technique (PLAL). Au and Ag colloidal solutions are separately prepared by 1064 nm laser ablation of metallic target (gold and silver) which is immersed in deionized water. Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles are prepared by irradiating the mixture of Au and Ag colloidal solutions with 532 nm of second harmonic wavelength of Nd:YAG laser at three different ratio, 3:1, 1:1 and 1:3 within different exposure times...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Wenping Hu, Yu Wang, Weigang Zhu, Wenna Du, Xinfeng Liu, Xiaotao Zhang, Huanli Dong
Herein, a cocrystal strategy with simple preparation process is developed to fabricate novel materials for Near-infrared photothermal (PT) conversion and imaging. Dibenzotetrathiafulvalene (DBTTF) and tetracyanobenzene (TCNB) are selected as electron-donor and electron-acceptor, which self-assemble into new cocrystals through non-covalent interactions. The strong interaction between the donors and acceptors leads to a narrow bandgap with near-infrared (NIR) absorption and that both the ground state and lowest-lying excited state are CT state...
February 14, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Yang Qiao, Joy Gumin, Christopher MacLellan, Feng Gao, Richard Bouchard, Frederick Lang, R Jason Stafford, Marites P Melancon
To evaluate the feasibility of visualizing bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) labeled with a gold-coated magnetic resonance (MR)-active multifunctional nanoparticle (SPIO@Au) for assessing the extent of MSC homing in glioma- bearing mice following carotid artery MSC injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nanoparticle containing superparamagnetic iron oxide coated with gold (SPIO@Au) having a diameter of ~82 nm and maximum absorbance in the near infrared (NIR) region was synthesized...
February 13, 2018: Nanotechnology
F Q Cao, M M Yan, Y J Liu, L X Liu, L Lu, H Wang, Ch Zhang, H F Sun, D L Kong, G L Ma
Herein, the photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) is used to induce the self-assembly of antigens to form nanovaccines. Under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, reactive oxygen species can be generated by nanovaccines to disrupt the membranes of endo/lysosomes, which helps to release antigens into the cytosol efficiently, thereby enhancing antigen cross-presentation and anti-cancer immunity. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first example of ICG as a biocompatible adjuvant to improve cancer vaccine efficacy...
February 13, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Shuangyue Wang, Hongwei Yan, Dengji Li, Liang Qiao, Shaobo Han, Xiaodong Yuan, Wei Liu, Xia Xiang, Xiaotao Zu
Dual-layer and tri-layer broadband antireflective (AR) films with excellent transmittance were successfully fabricated using base-/acid-catalyzed mixed sols and propylene oxide (PO) modified silica sols. The sols and films were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM). FTIR and TEM results suggest that the PO molecules were covalently bonded to the silica particles and the bridge structure existing in PO modified silica sol is responsible for the low density of the top layer...
February 12, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Hisanao Hazama, Masato Yoshimori, Norihiro Honda, Kunio Awazu
Background and aims: Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) has been well-reported as a minimally invasive method to deal with varices of the lower extremities. The lasers used fall into two categories: pigment, i.e., hemoglobin-specific lasers in the visible and near-infrared (near-IR) wavebands and longer wavelength mid-infrared lasers where the chromophore is water. The fiber used to deliver the laser energy is also important, and not enough attention has been paid to this element of EVLA...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
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