keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infrared laser

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820602/intricate-resonant-raman-response-in-anisotropic-res2
#1
Amber McCreary, Jeffrey R Simpson, Yuanxi Wang, Daniel Rhodes, Kazunori Fujisawa, Luis Balicas, Madan Dubey, Vincent H Crespi, Mauricio Terrones, Angela R Hight Walker
The strong in-plane anisotropy of rhenium disulfide (ReS2) offers an additional physical parameter that can be tuned for advanced applications such as logic circuits, thin-film polarizers, and polarization-sensitive photodetectors. ReS2 also presents advantages for optoelectronics, as it is both a direct-gap semiconductor for few-layer thicknesses (unlike MoS2 or WS2) and stable in air (unlike black phosphorus). Raman spectroscopy is one of the most powerful characterization techniques to non-destructively and sensitively probe the fundamental photo-physics of a 2D material...
August 18, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819184/black-phosphorus-ink-formulation-for-inkjet-printing-of-optoelectronics-and-photonics
#2
Guohua Hu, Tom Albrow-Owen, Xinxin Jin, Ayaz Ali, Yuwei Hu, Richard C T Howe, Khurram Shehzad, Zongyin Yang, Xuekun Zhu, Robert I Woodward, Tien-Chun Wu, Henri Jussila, Jiang-Bin Wu, Peng Peng, Ping-Heng Tan, Zhipei Sun, Edmund J R Kelleher, Meng Zhang, Yang Xu, Tawfique Hasan
Black phosphorus is a two-dimensional material of great interest, in part because of its high carrier mobility and thickness dependent direct bandgap. However, its instability under ambient conditions limits material deposition options for device fabrication. Here we show a black phosphorus ink that can be reliably inkjet printed, enabling scalable development of optoelectronic and photonic devices. Our binder-free ink suppresses coffee ring formation through induced recirculating Marangoni flow, and supports excellent consistency (< 2% variation) and spatial uniformity (< 3...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813142/atomic-force-microscopy-infrared-spectroscopy-of-individual-atmospheric-aerosol-particles-sub-diffraction-limit-vibrational-spectroscopy-and-morphological-analysis
#3
Amy Lynne Bondy, Rachel M Kirpes, Rachel Leah Merzel, Kerri A Pratt, Mark M Banaszak Holl, Andrew P Ault
Chemical analysis of atmospheric aerosols is an analytical challenge, as aerosol particles are complex chemical mixtures that can contain hundreds to thousands of species in attoliter volumes at the most abundant sizes in the atmosphere (~100 nm). These particles have global impacts on climate and health, but there are few methods available that combine imaging and the detailed molecular information from vibrational spectroscopy for individual particles <500 nm. Herein, we show the first application of atomic force microscopy with infrared spectroscopy (AFM-IR) to detect trace organic and inorganic species and probe intraparticle chemical variation in individual particles down to 150 nm...
August 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811566/injectable-phosphorescence-based-oxygen-biosensors-identify-post-ischemic-reactive-hyperoxia
#4
Jennifer S Chien, Mahmoud Mohammed, Hysem Eldik, Mohamed M Ibrahim, Jeremy Martinez, Scott P Nichols, Natalie Wisniewski, Bruce Klitzman
Novel injectable biosensors were used to measure interstitial oxygenation before, during, and after transient ischemia. It is well known that reactive hyperemia occurs following a period of ischemia. However, increased blood flow does not necessarily mean increased oxygen tension in the tissue. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that tissue reactive hyperoxia occurs following release of hind-limb tourniquet occlusions. Rats were injected with bilateral hind-limb biosensors and were simultaneously subjected to a unilateral femoral vessel ligation...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811165/dicyanomethylene-substituted-benzothiazole-squaraines-the-efficiency-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#5
Yongbiao Wei, Xiaoxiao Hu, Luyao Shen, Bing Jin, Xiangjun Liu, Weihong Tan, Dihua Shangguan
The lack of ideal photosensitizers limits the clinicalapplication of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Here we report the PDT efficiency of dicyanomethylene substituted benzothiazole squaraine derivatives. This class of squaraine derivatives possess strong absorption and long excitation and emission wavelengths (ex/em, 685/720nm). They show negligible dark toxicity, but can generate singlet oxygen under irradiation resulting in the apoptosis and necrosis of cells (phototoxicity). Changing the side chains of these compounds greatly influences their albumin-binding rate, cellular uptake and their phototoxicity...
August 9, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809891/high-power-and-high-conversion-efficiency-deep-ultraviolet-duv-laser-at-258%C3%A2-%C3%A2-nm-generation-in-the-cslib6o10-clbo-crystal-with-a-beam-quality-of-m-2-1-5
#6
Hongwen Xuan, Chen Qu, Shinji Ito, Yohei Kobayashi
We report a 10 kHz, 10.5 W deep ultraviolet (DUV) laser at 258 nm with a pulse duration of 3 ns by fourth-harmonic generation (FHG) in a CsLiB6O10 crystal with high-conversion efficiency. The fundamental laser is at 1030 nm with 35 W output power consisting of a Yb:YAG ceramics thin rod amplifier. The M(2) of the DUV laser was confirmed to be <1.5. To the best of our knowledge, this is the best beam quality for DUV laser power higher than 10 W generated by FHG of a solid-state laser, as well as the highest conversion efficiency of 31% from infrared to DUV so far...
August 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809885/two-photon-absorption-and-subband-photodetection-in-monolayer-mos2
#7
Feng Zhou, Wei Ji
We develop a theoretical model to quantify the two-photon absorption (2 PA) coefficients of monolayer MoS2. Based on two-dimensional excitons, our model reveals the 2 PA coefficient spectrum on the order of 0.01-0.1 cm/MW in the near-infrared for monolayer MoS2. As compared to the band theory for bulk semiconductors, these coefficients are enhanced by at least one order of magnitude. Our model is in agreement with light-intensity-dependent photocurrent measurements on a monolayer MoS2, subband photodetector with femtosecond laser pulses...
August 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809823/non-equilibrium-microwave-plasma-for-efficient-high-temperature-chemistry
#8
Dirk van den Bekerom, Niek den Harder, Teofil Minea, Nicola Gatti, Jose Palomares Linares, Waldo Bongers, Richard van de Sanden, Gerard van Rooij
A flowing microwave plasma based methodology for converting electric energy into internal and/or translational modes of stable molecules with the purpose of efficiently driving non-equilibrium chemistry is discussed. The advantage of a flowing plasma reactor is that continuous chemical processes can be driven with the flexibility of startup times in the seconds timescale. The plasma approach is generically suitable for conversion/activation of stable molecules such as CO2, N2 and CH4. Here the reduction of CO2 to CO is used as a model system: the complementary diagnostics illustrate how a baseline thermodynamic equilibrium conversion can be exceeded by the intrinsic non-equilibrium from high vibrational excitation...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806525/imaging-the-localized-plasmon-resonance-modes-in-graphene-nanoribbons
#9
F Hu, Y Luan, Z Fei, I Z Palubski, M D Goldflam, S Dai, J-S Wu, K W Post, G C A M Janssen, M M Fogler, D N Basov
We report a nanoinfrared (IR) imaging study of the localized plasmon resonance modes of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) using a scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscope (s-SNOM). By comparing the imaging data of GNRs that are aligned parallel and perpendicular to the in-plane component of the excitation laser field, we observed symmetric and asymmetric plasmonic interference fringes, respectively. Theoretical analysis indicates that the asymmetric fringes are formed due to the interplay between the localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) mode excited by the GNRs and the propagative surface plasmon polariton (SPP) mode launched by the s-SNOM tip...
August 18, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801884/identification-and-partial-structural-characterization-of-mass-isolated-valsartan-and-its-metabolite-with-messenger-tagging-vibrational-spectroscopy
#10
Olga Gorlova, Sean M Colvin, Antonio Brathwaite, Fabian S Menges, Stephanie M Craig, Scott J Miller, Mark A Johnson
Recent advances in the coupling of vibrational spectroscopy with mass spectrometry create new opportunities for the structural characterization of metabolites with great sensitivity. Previous studies have demonstrated this scheme on 300 K ions using very high power free electron lasers in the fingerprint region of the infrared. Here we extend the scope of this approach to a single investigator scale as well as extend the spectral range to include the OH stretching fundamentals. This is accomplished by detecting the IR absorptions in a linear action regime by photodissociation of weakly bound N2 molecules, which are attached to the target ions in a cryogenically cooled, rf ion trap...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801854/how-do-red-and-infrared-low-level-lasers-affect-folliculogenesis-cycle-in-rat-s-ovary-tissue-in-comparison-with-clomiphene-under-in-vivo-condition
#11
Paria Naseri, Alireza Alihemmati, Seyed Hossein Rasta
Folliculogenesis is a cycle that produces the majority of oocyte. Any disruption to this cycle leads to ovulation diseases, like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Treatments include drugs and surgery; lasers have also been used complementarily. Meanwhile, still there is no definite treatment for PCOS. This study investigated the photo-bio stimulation effect of near-infrared and red low-level laser on producing follicles and compared the result with result of using common drug, clomiphene. Therefore, the aim of this study was to propose the use of lasers autonomously treatment...
August 11, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801266/lipogels-responsive-to-near-infrared-light-for-the-triggered-release-of-therapeutic-agents
#12
Francisco Martín-Saavedra, Eduardo Ruiz-Hernández, Clara Escudero-Duch, Martin Prieto, Manuel Arruebo, Negar Sadeghi, Roel Deckers, Gert Storm, Wim E Hennink, Jesús Santamaría, Nuria Vilaboa
Here we report a composite system based on fibrin hydrogels that incorporate in their structure near-infrared (NIR) responsive nanomaterials and thermosensitive liposomes (TSL). Polymerized fibrin networks entrap simultaneously gold-based nanoparticles (NPs) capable of transducing NIR photon energy into heat, and lysolipid-incorporated TSL (LTSL) loaded with doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX). NIR irradiation of the resulting hydrogels (referred to as "lipogels") with 808 nm laser light increased the temperature of the illuminated areas, leading to the release of the liposomal cargo...
August 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800509/polyethylene-glycol-modified-ormosil-theranostic-nanoparticles-for-triggered-doxorubicin-release-and-deep-drug-delivery-into-ovarian-cancer-spheroids
#13
Abhignyan Nagesetti, Supriya Srinivasan, Anthony J McGoron
A novel pegylated multifunctional probe of Ormosil nanoparticles (PEGCDSIR820) loaded with Near Infrared dye (NIR; IR820) and a chemotherapeutic drug, Doxorubicin (DOX) was developed for cancer theranostic applications. PEGCDSIR820 nanoparticles had an average diameter of 58.2±3.1nm, zeta potential of -6.9±0.1mV in cell culture media and stability against aggregation in physiological buffers. The encapsulation efficiency of DOX was 65.0±3.0%, and that of IR820 was 76.0±2.1%. PEGCDSIR820 showed no cytotoxicity in ovarian cancer cells (Skov-3)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800445/enzyme-sensitive-gemcitabine-conjugated-albumin-nanoparticles-as-a-versatile-theranostic-nanoplatform-for-pancreatic-cancer-treatment
#14
Haijie Han, Jinhui Wang, Tingting Chen, Lichen Yin, Qiao Jin, Jian Ji
Development of gemcitabine (GEM) nanocarriers as theranostic agents for pancreatic cancer chemotherapy has received extensive attention in recent years. A novel enzyme-sensitive albumin-based GEM delivery nanoplatform was developed in this research by simple conjugation of GEM to human serum albumin (HSA) via cathepsin B cleavable peptide GFLG and then complexing with near-infrared (NIR) dye IR780, forming a HSA-GEM/IR780 complex. The successful preparation of HSA-GEM/IR780 complex was confirmed by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), UV-vis-NIR absorption spectra and fluorescent emission spectra...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792037/anisotropic-enhancement-of-yb-3-luminescence-by-disordered-plasmonic-networks-self-assembled-on-rbtiopo4-ferroelectric-crystals
#15
L Sánchez-García, M O Ramírez, C Tserkezis, R Sole, J J Carvajal, M Aguiló, F Díaz, L E Bausá
Increasing Yb(3+) absorption efficiency is currently desired in a number of applications including bio-imaging, photovoltaics, near infrared driven photocatalysis or ultra-short pulsed solid-state lasers. In this work, silver nanoparticles, which are connected forming disordered networks, have been self-assembled on Yb(3+) doped RbTiOPO4 crystals to produce a remarkable enhancement of Yb(3+) absorption, and hence in the photoluminescence of this ion. The results are interpreted taking into account the near-field response of the plasmonic networks, which display strong amplification of the electric field at the maximum of Yb(3+) excitation at around 900 nm, together with the anisotropic character of the Yb(3+) transitions in RbTiOPO4...
August 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790410/non-sequential-double-ionization-with-near-single-cycle-laser-pulses
#16
A Chen, M Kübel, B Bergues, M F Kling, A Emmanouilidou
A three-dimensional semiclassical model is used to study double ionization of Ar when driven by a near-infrared and near-single-cycle laser pulse for intensities ranging from 0.85 × 10(14) W/cm(2) to 5 × 10(14) W/cm(2). Asymmetry parameters, distributions of the sum of the two electron momentum components along the direction of the polarization of the laser field and correlated electron momenta are computed as a function of the intensity and of the carrier envelope phase. A very good agreement is found with recently obtained results in kinematically complete experiments employing near-single-cycle laser pulses...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783035/combined-photothermal-chemotherapy-of-breast-cancer-by-near-infrared-light-responsive-hyaluronic-acid-decorated-nanostructured-lipid-carriers
#17
Shaohui Zheng, VAN DU Nguyen, Seung Yoon Song, Jiwon Han, Jong-Oh Park
In this study, a novel type of hyaluronic acid (HA)-decorated nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) was prepared and investigated as a light-triggered drug release and combined photothermal-chemotherapy for cancer treatment. Polyhedral gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with an average size of 10 nm were synthesized and co-encapsulated with doxorubicin (DOX) in the matrix of NLCs with a high drug loading efficiency (above 80%). HA decoration was achieved by the electrostatic interaction between HA and CTAB on the NLCs surface...
August 7, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778021/neural-correlates-of-obstacle-negotiation-in-older-adults-an-fnirs-study
#18
Michelle Chen, Sarah Pillemer, Sarah England, Meltem Izzetoglu, Jeannette R Mahoney, Roee Holtzer
Older adults are less efficient at avoiding obstacles compared to young adults, especially under attention-demanding conditions. Using functional near-infrared-spectroscopy (fNIRS), recent studies implicated the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in cognitive control of locomotion, notably under dual-task walking conditions. The neural substrates underlying Obstacle Negotiation (ON), however, have not been established. The current study determined the role of the PFC in ON during walking in seniors. Non-demented older adults (n=90; mean age=78...
July 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777291/iii-v-on-silicon-photonic-integrated-circuits-for-spectroscopic-sensing-in-the-2-4-%C3%AE-m-wavelength-range
#19
REVIEW
Ruijun Wang, Anton Vasiliev, Muhammad Muneeb, Aditya Malik, Stephan Sprengel, Gerhard Boehm, Markus-Christian Amann, Ieva Šimonytė, Augustinas Vizbaras, Kristijonas Vizbaras, Roel Baets, Gunther Roelkens
The availability of silicon photonic integrated circuits (ICs) in the 2-4 μm wavelength range enables miniature optical sensors for trace gas and bio-molecule detection. In this paper, we review our recent work on III-V-on-silicon waveguide circuits for spectroscopic sensing in this wavelength range. We first present results on the heterogeneous integration of 2.3 μm wavelength III-V laser sources and photodetectors on silicon photonic ICs for fully integrated optical sensors. Then a compact 2 μm wavelength widely tunable external cavity laser using a silicon photonic IC for the wavelength selective feedback is shown...
August 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776408/long-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study-of-low-level-laser-therapy-before-exercises-in-knee-osteoarthritis-laser-and-exercises-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Patrícia Pereira Alfredo, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Washington Steagall Junior, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes Martins, Martin B Stausholm, Raquel Aparecida Casarotto, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Jon Joensen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), in combination with strengthening exercises in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Follow-up results at three and six months in a previously published randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Specialist Rehabilitation Services. SUBJECTS: Forty participants of both genders, aged 50-75 years with knee osteoarthritis grade 2-4 on Kellgren-Lawrence scale...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
77814
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"