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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430150/synthesis-and-self-assembly-of-shape-amphiphiles-based-on-poss-dendron-conjugates
#1
Yu Shao, Minyuan Ding, Yujie Xu, Fangjia Zhao, Hui Dai, Xia-Ran Miao, Shuguang Yang, Hui Li
Shape has been increasingly recognized as an important factor for self-assembly. In this paper, a series of shape amphiphiles have been built by linking polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) and a dendron via linkers of different lengths. Three conjugates of octahedral silsesquioxanes (T₈-POSS) and dendron are designed and synthesized and are referred to as isobutyl T₈-POSS gallic acid derivatives (BPOSS-GAD-1, BPOSS-GAD-2, BPOSS-GAD-3). These samples have been fully characterized by ¹H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry to establish their chemical identity and purity...
April 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429193/effect-of-non-coherent-infrared-light-led-%C3%AE-945%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-20%C3%A2-nm-on-bone-repair-in-diabetic-rats-morphometric-and-spectral-analyses
#2
Alexandre Greca Diamantino, Renata Amadei Nicolau, Davidson Ribeiro Costa, Alessandra Paes de Barros Almeida, Danila Xênia de Miranda Mato, Marco Antonio de Oliveira, Ana Maria do Espírito Santo
Phototherapy using coherent light (lasers) and non-coherent light (light-emitting diodes (LEDs)) has been investigated for the purpose of biomodulation in biological tissues. Several effects can be expected, including pain moderation, biostimulation of cellular tropism, anti-inflammatory effects, regular circulatory stimulation, and tissue repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of LED (λ945 ± 20 nm, 48 mW) therapy on the regeneration process in femoral lesions of rats (Wistar). Seven irradiation sessions were held, with a 48-h interval between sessions...
April 20, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427263/laser-induced-functionalization-of-organo-carbon-interfaces-for-selective-adsorption-of-au-nanoparticles-in-micro-sized-domains
#3
Martin Schade, Steffen Franzka, Nils Hartmann
Laser microprocessing of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) in conjunction with chemical functionalization routines are used to fabricate functional micro-sized domains. Infrared and Auger electron spectroscopy, contact angle measurements and electron microscopy are used for characterization of laser-fabricated structures. HOPG samples are coated with alkylsiloxane monolayers. Laser-induced bromination of coated HOPG samples in gaseous bromine is carried out using a microfocused laser beam at a wavelength of 514 nm and 1/e2 laser spot diameter of about 3 µm...
April 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426069/gradual-modification-of-ito-particle-s-crystal-structure-and-optical-properties-by-pulsed-uv-laser-irradiation-in-a-free-liquid-jet
#4
Marcus Lau, Thomas Straube, A Vikas Aggarwal, Ulrich Hagemann, Bernardo de Oliveira Viestel, Nils Hartmann, Torsten Textor, Harald Lutz, Jochen S Gutmann, Stephan Barcikowski
Indium tin oxide (ITO) particle coatings are known for high transparency in the visible, good conductive properties and near-infrared absorption. These properties depend on ITO particle's stoichiometric composition, defects and size. Here we present a method to gradually change ITO particle's optical properties by a simple and controlled laser irradiation process. The defined irradiation process and controlled energy dose input allows one to engineer the absorption and transmission of coatings made from these particles...
April 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425964/enhancing-the-responsivity-of-uncooled-infrared-detectors-using-plasmonics-for-high-performance-infrared-spectroscopy
#5
Amr Shebl Ahmed, Hye Jin Kim, Jinsik Kim, Kyo Seon Hwang, Seonghwan Kim
A lead zirconate titanate (PZT;Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O₃) layer embedded infrared (IR) detector decorated with wavelength-selective plasmonic crystals has been investigated for high-performance non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) spectroscopy. A plasmonic IR detector with an enhanced IR absorption band has been designed based on numerical simulations, fabricated by conventional microfabrication techniques, and characterized with a broadly tunable quantum cascade laser. The enhanced responsivity of the plasmonic IR detector at specific wavelength band has improved the performance of NDIR spectroscopy and pushed the limit of detection (LOD) by an order of magnitude...
April 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424978/the-physicochemical-investigation-of-17%C3%AE-estradiol-crystalline-prepared-by-in-situ-ph-dependent-solubility-technique-with-polyvinylpyrrolidone
#6
Hui Xiong, Jinping Fu, Hanjing Sun, Enfu Wang, Yunhui Ding, Guobin Ren, Qiufang Jing, Fuzheng Ren
Micro-particles of 17β-estradiol (ED) were prepared with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) by in situ pH-dependent solubility technique. Products were characterized using multiple instruments, and molecular interactions between ED and PVP were explored. Powder X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis revealed crystalline ED in the micro-particles is hemihydrated. PVP was also present in the micro-particles. Laser particle size analysis and scanning electron microscopy revealed thin slice morphology, which might have resulted from the influence of PVP...
April 19, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422129/gaas1-xbix-ganyas1-y-type-ii-quantum-wells-novel-strain-balanced-heterostructures-for-gaas-based-near-and-mid-infrared-photonics
#7
Christopher A Broderick, Shirong Jin, Igor P Marko, Konstanze Hild, Peter Ludewig, Zoe L Bushell, Wolfgang Stolz, Judy M Rorison, Eoin P O'Reilly, Kerstin Volz, Stephen J Sweeney
The potential to extend the emission wavelength of photonic devices further into the near- and mid-infrared via pseudomorphic growth on conventional GaAs substrates is appealing for a number of communications and sensing applications. We present a new class of GaAs-based quantum well (QW) heterostructure that exploits the unusual impact of Bi and N on the GaAs band structure to produce type-II QWs having long emission wavelengths with little or no net strain relative to GaAs, while also providing control over important laser loss processes...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421751/formation-and-characterization-of-homoleptic-thorium-isocyanide-complexes
#8
Xiuting Chen, Qingnuan Li, Yu Gong, Lester Andrews, Benjamin K Liebov, Zongtang Fang, David A Dixon
Homoleptic thorium isocyanide complexes have been prepared via the reactions of laser-ablated thorium atoms and (CN)2 in a cryogenic matrix, and the structures of the products were characterized by infrared spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. Thorium atoms reacted with (CN)2 under UV irradiation to form the oxidative addition product Th(NC)2, which was calculated to have closed-shell singlet ground state with a bent geometry. Further reaction of Th(NC)2 and (CN)2 resulted in the formation of Th(NC)4, a molecule with a tetrahedral geometry...
April 19, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419839/near-infrared-laser-irradiation-improves-the-development-of-mouse-pre-implantation-embryos
#9
Masaki Yokoo, Miho Mori
The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of near-infrared laser irradiation on the in vitro development of mouse embryos. Female ICR mice were superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and mated with male mice. Two-cell stage embryos were collected 40 h after administering hCG and cultured in M16 medium. Two-cell embryos (0 h after culture), 8-cell embryos (approx. 30 h after culture), morula (approx. 48 h after culture), and blastocysts (approx...
April 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418076/ultrasonic-modulation-of-tissue-optical-properties-in-ex-vivo-porcine-skin-to-improve-transmitted-transdermal-laser-intensity
#10
Paul J D Whiteside, Chenxi Qian, Nicholas Golda, Heather K Hunt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Applications of light-based energy devices involving optical targets within the dermis frequently experience negative side-effects resultant from surface scattering and excess optical absorption by epidermal melanin. As a broadband optical absorber, melanin decreases the efficacy of light-based treatments throughout the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared spectra while also generating additional heat within the surface tissue that can lead to inflammation or tissue damage...
April 18, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417584/ir-spectroscopy-of-skin-in%C3%A2-vivo-optimal-skin-sites-and-properties-for-non-invasive-glucose-measurement-by-photoacoustic-and-photothermal-spectroscopy
#11
Alexander Bauer, Otto Hertzberg, Arne Küderle, Dominik Strobel, Miguel A Pleitez, Werner Mäntele
We have reported two methods to analyze glucose in the interstitial fluid of skin based on mid-infrared excitation with a tunable quantum cascade laser and photoacoustic or photothermal detection. These methods were evaluated for optimum skin locations to obtain reproducible glucose information. The lower part of the arm, the hypothenar, the tips of the index finger and the thumb were tested. The thumb appears to be the optimal skin location, followed by the index finger. Basic requirements for an optimum site are good capillary blood perfusion, low Stratum corneum thickness and the absence of fat layers...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417560/treatment-of-tumor-in-lymph-nodes-using-near-infrared-laser-light-activated-thermosensitive-liposome-encapsulated-doxorubicin-and-gold-nanorods
#12
Daisuke Matsuki, Oladipo Adewale, Sachiko Horie, Junnosuke Okajima, Atsuki Komiya, Oluwatobi Oluwafemi, Shigenao Maruyama, Shiro Mori, Tetsuya Kodama
Tumor metastasis to lymph nodes is an important contributory factor for cancer-related deaths despite recent developments in cancer therapy. In this study, we demonstrate that tumor in the proper axillary lymph node (PALN) of the mouse can be treated by the application of external laser light to trigger the unloading of doxorubicin (DOX) encapsulated in thermosensitive liposomes (TSLs) administered together with gold nanorods (GNRs). GNRs + DOX-TSLs were injected into a mouse lymph node containing cancer cells (malignant fibrous histiocytoma-like cells) and intranodal DOX release was activated using near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415513/evaluation-of-radiolabeled-curcumin-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-usage-as-an-imaging-agent-in-liver-spleen-scintigraphy
#13
Arif Kursad Ayan, Ayse Yenilmez, Hayrettin Eroglu
Curcumin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (C-SLNs) were prepared using micro emulsion and ultrasonication methods in the first stage of this study to determine the role of C-SLN on liver-spleen scintigraphy. It was concluded that the curcumin that was encapsulated in solid lipid nanoparticles had a β' polymorph structure according to the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. İt was concluded that these particles were at nano scale according to the laser diffraction (LD) analysis. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis suggested an interaction between the curcumin and the solid lipid matrix, and the curcumin was loaded on the solid lipid nanoparticles...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414352/infrared-absorption-spectrometer-for-the-determination-of-temperature-and-species-profiles-in-an-entrained-flow-gasifier
#14
Patrick Nau, Peter Kutne, Georg Eckel, Wolfgang Meier, Christian Hotz, Sabine Fleck
An absorption spectrometer utilizing a tunable distributed feedback diode laser at 2.3 μm and an interband cascade laser at 3.1 μm has been developed to measure temperature and concentrations of CO, CH<sub>4</sub>, C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>, and H<sub>2</sub>O under gasification conditions. A wavelength division multiplexing approach using a single ZrF<sub>4</sub>-fiber was used to measure both wavelength regions simultaneously. The performance of the spectrometer has been tested in laminar flat flames and a heated cell and then applied for measurements at an atmospheric entrained flow gasifier (REGA)...
April 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414335/uncertainty-quantification-and-design-of-experiment-in-absorption-based-aqueous-film-parameter-measurements-using-bayesian-inference
#15
R Pan, K J Daun, T Dreier, C Schulz
Diode laser-based multi-wavelength near-infrared (NIR) absorption in aqueous films is a promising diagnostic for making temporally resolved, simultaneous measurements of film thickness, temperature, and concentration of a solute. Our previous work in aqueous urea solutions aimed at determining simultaneously two of these system parameters, while the third one must be fixed or specified by additional measurements. The current work presents a simultaneous NIR absorption-based multi-parameter measurement of thickness, temperature, and solute concentration coupled with the Bayesian methodology that is used to infer probability densities for the obtained data...
April 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414151/targeted-antigen-delivery-to-dendritic-cell-via-functionalized-alginate-nanoparticles-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#16
Chuangnian Zhang, Gaona Shi, Ju Zhang, Huijun Song, Jinfeng Niu, Shengbin Shi, Pingsheng Huang, Yanming Wang, Weiwei Wang, Chen Li, Deling Kong
The purpose of the present study was to identify an "easy-to-adopt" strategy to enhance immune responses using functionalized alginate (ALG) nanoparticles (MAN-ALG/ALG=OVA NPs), which were prepared by CaCl2 cross-linking of two different types of ALG. The mannose (MAN) modified ALG (MAN-ALG) was used for dendritic cell targeting. The other component, composed of ovalbumin (OVA), a model antigen, is conjugated to ALG (ALG=OVA) via pH sensitive Schiff base bond. Grafting of alginate was demonstrated by FT-IR and (1)H NMR, while the morphological structure, particle size, Zeta potential of MAN-ALG/ALG=OVA NPs were measured using TEM and DLS...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413809/preclinical-imaging-of-iridocorneal-angle-and-fundus-using-a-modified-integrated-flexible-handheld-probe
#17
Xun Jie Jeesmond Hong, Vengalathunadakal K Shinoj, Vadakke Matham Murukeshan, Mani Baskaran, Tin Aung
A flexible handheld imaging probe consisting of a [Formula: see text] charge-coupled device camera, light-emitting diode light sources, and near-infrared laser source is designed and developed. The imaging probe is designed with specifications to capture the iridocorneal angle images and posterior segment images. Light propagation from the anterior chamber of the eye to the exterior is considered analytically using Snell's law. Imaging of the iridocorneal angle region and fundus is performed on ex vivo porcine samples and subsequently on small laboratory animals, such as the New Zealand white rabbit and nonhuman primate, in vivo...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413806/ryanodine-and-ip3-receptor-mediated-calcium-signaling-play-a-pivotal-role-in-neurological-infrared-laser-modulation
#18
Gleb P Tolstykh, Cory A Olsovsky, Bennett L Ibey, Hope T Beier
Pulsed infrared (IR) laser energy has been shown to modulate neurological activity through both stimulation and inhibition of action potentials. While the mechanism(s) behind this phenomenon is (are) not completely understood, certain hypotheses suggest that the rise in temperature from IR exposure could activate temperature- or pressure-sensitive ion channels or create pores in the cellular outer membrane, allowing an influx of typically plasma-membrane-impermeant ions. Studies using fluorescent intensity-based calcium ion ([Formula: see text]) sensitive dyes show changes in [Formula: see text] levels after various IR stimulation parameters, which suggests that [Formula: see text] may originate from the external solution...
April 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411595/infrared-absorption-of-methanol-water-clusters-ch3oh-n-h2o-n-1-4-recorded-with-the-vuv-ionization-ir-depletion-technique
#19
Yu-Fang Lee, Anne-Marie Kelterer, Gergely Matisz, Sándor Kunsági-Máté, Chao-Yu Chung, Yuan-Pern Lee
We recorded infrared (IR) spectra in the CH- and OH-stretching regions of size-selected clusters of methanol (M) with one water molecule (W), represented as MnW, n = 1-4, in a pulsed supersonic jet using the photoionization/IR-depletion technique. Vacuum ultraviolet emission at 118 nm served as the source of ionization in a time-of-flight mass spectrometer to detect clusters MnW as protonated forms Mn-1WH(+). The variations in intensities of Mn-1WH(+) were monitored as the wavelength of the IR laser light was tuned across the range 2700-3800 cm(-1)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411450/activatable-near-infrared-dye-conjugated-hyaluronic-acid-based-nanoparticles-as-a-targeted-theranostic-agent-for-enhanced-fluorescence-ct-photoacoustic-imaging-guided-photothermal-therapy
#20
Xiaolong Liang, Lei Fang, Xiaoda Li, Xu Zhang, Fan Wang
Targeted theranostic nano-system integrating functions of both diagnosis and therapy shows great potential for improving diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy. Herein, multifunctional nanoparticle based on activatable hyaluronic acid (HA) conjugating two near-infrared (NIR) dyes of Cy5.5 and IR825 was successfully designed and fabricated, and simultaneously used as a carrier for encapsulating perfluorooctylbromide (PFOB). In this system, PFOB showed good capability to absorb the X-rays, Cy5.5 on the outer surface acted as a fluorescent dye activatable by hyaluronidases (Hyals) in the tumor, and IR825 in the core as a photothermal agent...
April 8, 2017: Biomaterials
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